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Publications related to Forensic Psychology (2,037)
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Article
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We review the state of forensic mental health assessment. The field is in much better shape than in the past; however, significant problems of quality remain, with much room for improvement. We provide an overview of forensic psychology's history and discuss its possible future, with multiple audiences in mind. We distill decades of scholarship fro...
Preprint
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Revised version: A particularly pressing problem in the correctional psychology domain is the failure to ask questions about what the targets of explanatory theories should be, and in light of this failure, researchers have arguably spent too much time constructing misdirected explanations. In this paper this issue is addressed. First, we briefly d...
Article
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Symptom feigning and malingering should be evaluated in forensic contexts due to their important socio-economic consequences. Despite this, to date, there is little research in Spain that evaluates its prevalence. The aim of this study was to investigate this issue using the perception of the general population, students, and professionals of medic...
Thesis
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A presente dissertação surge no âmbito do curso de mestrado em Ciências Policiais, área de especialização em Criminologia e Investigação Criminal do Instituto Superior de Ciências Policiais e Segurança Interna. O profiling criminal, associado à disciplina da Psicologia Forense, é uma técnica auxiliar na investigação criminal bastante utilizada no d...
Article
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Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a prevalent condition with major implications for both society as a whole and on an individual level. The progression from MCI to dementia as part of the Alzheimer’s continuum has been widely studied. This progression is considered as an intermediate clinical stage from normal aging for many individuals before mee...
Article
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We provide aggregate data about income, demographics, and life experiences of women and men practicing clinical-forensic psychology primarily in the United States (N = 376). We examine how these variables relate to one another, as well as how gender demographics of the field have changed over time. The average hourly rate charged by psychologists f...
Presentation
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Presentation given June 15, 2022 at the British Psychological Society Division of Forensic Psychology conference in Solihull, UK.
Article
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The article outlines the legal, theoretical, and methodological framework of forensic psychological research of information materials on cases of violation of minors’ sexual integrity committed using information and telecommunication networks. Based on the expert analysis of legal norms, psychological theoretical and expert study of the phenomena b...
Article
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The article deals with the issue of the terminology used to define different phenomena of illegal sexual interaction through indirect communication – via electronic means, including the Internet. There is a certain ambiguity of some concepts and terms used in the context of sexual abuse against children and of the violation of their sexual integrit...
Preprint
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A particularly pressing problem in the correctional psychology domain is the failure to ask questions about what the targets of explanatory theories should be, and in light of this failure, researchers have spent too much time constructing misdirected explanations. In this paper this issue is addressed. First, we briefly describe the aims and diffe...
Article
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Criminal investigators, scientists, mental health experts, and the media have always studied serial killings. Since Jack the Ripper in the late 1800s, and even today, attempts have been made to understand the complex issues surrounding the investigation of serial murders and the motives for these horrific acts. The topics of serial killings are att...
Preprint
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We outline and detail eight best practices that should be considered to evaluate the rigor and value of a forensic psychological assessment by drawing on decades of scholarship from and about fundamental basic science and forensic science, clinical and forensic psychology, and legal evidence admissibility. The key considerations include: (1) Founda...
Article
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Objective:Knowing who consumes a substance, in what form a substance is consumed, with which substances it is consumed with, the frequency of use, the effects it creates on the user and expectations from the use significantly affects the effectiveness of the fight against these substances. In this context, with this social descriptive study, it was...
Chapter
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1. Forensic and criminal psychology do not explain the etiology or the causal nature of a death that occurs under unusual circumstances. Legal and forensic medical experts alone bear sole responsibility for this. 2. Initially, forensic and criminal psychology cannot determine what type of mental illness the subject is suffering from at the exact mo...
Research
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Günümüzde intihar vakaları artmasına rağmen intihar ile ilgili yapılan çalışmalar oldukça sınırlıdır. Bu çalışmada henüz yazında çok bulunmayan, siber alana yansıyan intihar vakalarının yapısını anlayabilmek için ülkemizde meydana gelmiş bir intihar vakasının adli psikoloji bakış açısıyla ele alınması amaçlanmaktadır. İncelenecek vakayı belirlemek...
Preprint
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Each child develops for nature his/her own style, but, in early stages of his/her life parenting guidance might the difference in both positive and negative ways. Is axiomatic that we are living in a society that trend to be most and more anomist in which societal rules are inversed, and for the point of view of forensic psychology, understand the...
Article
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Federal law of June 7, 2017 g. № 120-FZ "On amendments to the criminal code of the Russian Federation and article 151 of the Criminal procedure code of the Russian Federation in the part of establishing additional mechanisms to counter activities aimed at encouraging children to suicidal behavior" establishes criminal liability for inducement to co...
Article
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Aggressive behaviour is at the basis of many harms in society, such as violent crime. The efforts to explain, study, and possibly reduce aggression span various disciplines, including neuroscience. The specific brain networks which are involved in the modulation of aggressive behaviour include cortical asymmetry and brain areas such as the dorsolat...
Article
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It has been quite a matter of concern and discussion from past many years to understand the difference between Brain Fingerprinting technique (BFT) and Brain Electrical Oscillation (BEOS) Profiling technique to understand there usage and significance in forensic psychological investigation. BFT and BEOS terms are used interchangeable and sometimes...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to assess the speaker-discriminatory potential of a set of speech timing parameters while probing their suitability for forensic speaker comparison applications. The recordings comprised of spontaneous dialogues between twin pairs through mobile phones while being directly recorded with professional headset microphones...
Article
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This review study focuses on a forensic psychological tool, Brain electrical Oscillation Signature Profiling, and its mechanism. In precise, this paper reviews the studies of eyewitness testimony and BEOS in particular. The previous empirical studies and review articles elucidate that BEOS can be used to overcome the effect of internal and external...
Article
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The article addresses the basic methodological principles of psychological analysis of information materials applied during the forensic psychological examination of a new direction established in the system of forensic institutions of the Ministry of Justice of Russia in 2017. The foundation of the direction is the general methodology of forensic...
Article
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The article presents complex forensic psychological and linguistic examination models developed basing on various kinds of integration of psychological and linguistic knowledge in solving typical expert tasks. Based on forensic expertise, expert practice, methodological developments in complex, as well as psychological and psychiatric examinations,...
Article
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Review of foreign practice of participation of forensic psychologists and psychiatrists in custody evaluation. The results were used in the development of a new at that time in Russia subject type of complex forensic psychological and psychiatric custody assessment. Обзор зарубежной практики участия специалистов в спорах о воспитании. Результаты б...
Article
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In our scientific work we tested a methodology for studying child’s interaction with his/her cohabitant parent and the one living away. The methodology is integrated into the compre-hensive forensic, psychological and psychiatric examination which is carried out during family law cases between divorcing parents and is aimed to decide the child’s pl...
Chapter
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Todo o conteúdo deste livro está licenciado sob uma Licença de Atribuição Creative Commons. Atribuição-Não-Comercial-NãoDerivativos 4.0 Internacional (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). O conteúdo dos artigos e seus dados em sua forma, correção e confiabilidade são de responsabilidade exclusiva dos autores, inclusive não representam necessariamente a posição oficia...
Article
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Self-regulation is a multifaceted construct that is defined as the ability to change thoughts, emotions, and behavior to achieve a desired state or effect. Despite its relevance for forensic psychology and other fields within psychology, its complexity and varied operationalization make it difficult to compare and draw conclusions from research. Th...
Article
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Fact-checking and warnings of misinformation are increasingly salient and prevalent components of modern news media and political communications. While many warnings about political misinformation are valid and enable people to reject misleading information, the quality and validity of misinformation warnings can vary widely. Replicating and extend...
Article
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The Structured Interview of Reported Symptoms, 2nd Edition (SIRS-2; Rogers et al. in Structured Interview of Reported Symptoms (SIRS), 2nd Edition, Professional Manual, 2010), is a revised version of the SIRS, a measure for assessing feigned psychiatric symptoms. Three independent studies (i.e., Green et al. in Assessment, 20, 210–218, 2013; Taresc...
Book
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Originally published in Spanish in 2017 by Libreria Bosch, Barcelona, the Atlas of Forensic and Criminal Psychology is a one-of-kind book made available in English for the first time. This unique work is highly illustrated with full-color images, providing a medico-legal examination of forensic pathology as it relates to cases of forensic psycholog...
Article
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Knowing how humans differentiate children from adults has useful implications in many areas of both forensic and cognitive psychology. Yet, how we extract age from faces has been surprisingly underexplored in both disciplines. Here, we used a novel data-driven experimental technique to objectively measure the facial features human observers use to...
Article
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Children and people with intellectual disability (ID) are considered to be highly vulnerable and in need of special protection against sexual abuse (SA). The objective of this work was to analyze the characteristics of cases of SA in children with typical development and in people with ID in Spain. To do so, 25 cases of each type that had been inve...
Chapter
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• Define offender profiling • Discuss the development and main approaches to offender profiling • Highlight problems with offender profiling and potential consequences • Discuss future prospects of offender profiling
Article
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Demographical handwritings classification has many applications in various disciplines such as biometrics forensics, psychology, archeology, etc. Finding the best features for differentiating subclasses (e.g. men and women) is one of the major problems in handwriting based demographical classification. Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) advanced...
Chapter
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The problem of recognizing facial muscles micro-movements, corresponding to various mental states when lying is considered. The objective of the current study is to determine individual mimic indicators of task complexity. The subject of the study was dynamic characteristics of mimic muscles’ micro-movements when answering complex or simple questio...
Article
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Literature pertaining to individuals with sexual convictions typically reports punitive views about their crimes, sentences, and overall effectiveness of rehabilitation, with such perceptions partially driven by offence demographics such as victim age and perpetrator sex. This manuscript extends this literature through the exploration of perceiver...
Article
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Scientific classification provides researchers and practitioners with a method for structuring and organizing the rich complexities of scientific phenomena. Despite classification having a significant foothold on research and practice, our current approaches in the correctional domain suffer from several conceptual problems. In this paper, first, w...
Article
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There is considerable evidence on the role of personality traits in the risk of criminal recidivism among schizophrenia patients, besides conventional risk factors. We evaluated the effects of psychopathy and biopsychosocial personality model on general criminal recidivism in schizophrenia patients. Ninety‐four male DSM‐5 diagnosed schizophrenia pa...
Book
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This edited book provides a comprehensive survey of the modern state of the art in forensic linguistics. Part I of the book focuses on the role of the linguist as an expert witness in common law and civil law jurisdictions, the relation of expert witnesses and lawyers, ethics standards, and courtroom interaction. Part II deals with some of the majo...
Article
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The article discusses the theoretical, methodological and practical problems of applying the norms of criminal procedure law relating to the protection of participants in criminal proceedings by keeping secret information about their identity, and the appointment and conduct of a psychological examination in relation to these persons. The methodolo...
Article
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The objective of this study is to develop and experimentally verify the expert method of non-contact psychological and physiological diagnostics of emotional and mental state of a person by measuring complex patterns of facial micro-movements beyond the conscious control of the person through the use of special software, as well as to determine the...
Conference Paper
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Psikotarih, kuşaklararası travma geçişi, kuşaklararası patoloji aktarımı, disfonksiyonel nesiller, çocukluk çağı travmaları, çocuk yetiştirme stilleri, çocukluğun psikotoplumsal algıları, toplumsal dissosiyasyon, savaşlar ve liderler üzerinde araştır-malar yapan bilim dalı olarak tanımlamaktadır. Psikotarih, travmatik yaşantılar ve dissosiyatif rea...
Conference Paper
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Klinik psikoloji, psikiyatri ve psikolojik danışmanlık ve rehberlik disiplinleri ile yakından ilişkili olan psikotravmatoloji, olum-suz yaşam olayları esnasında ya da sonrasında insanların ve toplumların verdikleri tepkiler ile hem travmaların psikoter-apilerine hem de önleme politikalarına odaklanan psikolojinin temel bir alanıdır. Günümüzde özell...
Chapter
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Criminal psychology is a field involving an amalgamation of psychology, criminology, and the law. This discipline was conceived in the mid-twentieth century, when psychologists began offering expert perspectives on criminal behaviour and speculate about the possible causes that push one to commit such acts. This chapter will expound upon the purvie...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of forensic medical evaluations on grant rates for applicants seeking immigration relief in the United States (U.S.) and to identify significant correlates of grant success. We conducted a retrospective analysis of 2584 cases initiated by Physicians for Human Rights between 2008 and 2018 that...
Article
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Resumen La función del psicólogo forense enfrenta múltiples dilemas éticos, presentando especiales desafíos para la formación y ejercicio profesional. Este estudio tiene como objetivo identificar los principales dilemas éticos con los que se enfrenta en la práctica el psicólogo forense expuestos por la literatura especializada de 2010 al 2019 desde...
Article
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Forensic psychologists confront a myriad of ethical issues and are presented with special challenges to professional training and performance in the field. This study aims to identify the primary ethical issues facing forensic psychology and to carry out a bibliometric study focused on specialized literature ranging from 2010 to 2019. Furthermore,...
Conference Paper
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Özet Suçlu zihnin ve suç davranışının motivasyonunun ve doğasının incelenmesi uzun yıllardır araştırmacılar tarafından çalışılan konulardır. Bu kapsamda ilk akla gelen disiplinler arasında adli psikoloji ve kriminal psikoloji bulunmaktadır. İki disiplin aynılarmış gibi değerlendirilse de temelde adli sistem için çalışıyor olmalarına rağmen kriminal...
Article
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Over the years, a significant number of Rorschach studies have been conducted with forensic adult and adolescent samples, partly motivated by the use of the test in forensic psychological evaluations. Could the Rorschach, as a performance-based personality assessment tool, provide unique information that is not as vulnerable to distortion on the pa...
Article
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Öz Amerikan Psikoloji Birliği tarafından bir uzmanlık alanı olarak kabul edilen adli psikoloji, psikoloji biliminin bütün alt alanlarında yapılan araştırma ve deneylerin hukuk alanına uygulanması şeklinde tanımlanmaktadır. Adli psikoloji alanında çalışan psikologların iki temel görev alanı bulunmaktadır. Bunlardan ilki adli değerlendirme ve raporl...
Article
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We evaluated competing measurement models for the Psychopathy Checklist: Screening Version (PCL:SV), one of the most widely used assessment instruments of psychopathy, which applies to clinical, forensic, and community samples. With four all-male community and forensic samples collected in Germany and the United States (nTotal = 853), we evaluated...
Article
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The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the work developed by Technical Advisor Office (GAT) and its role as technical advisor to the West Lisbon Public Prosecutor’s Office. GAT was established in partnership with Egas Moniz Higher Education School and West Lisbon Public Prosecutor’s Office. GAT plays a crucial role in assisting the Public Pros...
Article
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In recent years, it has become clear that expert opinion can be biased. It has been argued that forensic psychologists may also be susceptible to bias. In the present study, the vulnerability of forensic psychological evaluation of the suspect’s mental health to the context effect (i.e. the influencing of the expert opinion by irrelevant informatio...
Article
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We present the System of Analysis of Validity in Evaluation (SAVE), as a potentially useful method for professionals in the field of Legal Psychology and other Forensic Sciences, understood as any discipline that integrates formal aspects from the forensic, behavioral and legal sciences, with a purely applied orientation. According to Muñoz, et al....
Article
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The aim of this study was to design an instrument of a fast but psychometrically reliable instrument to determine which parent is best suited to hold custody of the child in cases where just one parent should have the custody, the Children’s Preference Scale (CPS). This scale is based on children’s opinions of how their parents behave towards them....
Article
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The study is aimed at finding general grounds of criminal responsibility for neonaticide (murder by a mother of her own newborn child). The formal crime signs listed in article 106 of CCRF have been analysed. The theoretical analysis is supplemented with a study of 40 criminal cases. It was concluded that the common ground for inclusion of the thre...
Article
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The COVID-19 pandemic has brought to the fore the question of whether psycho-legal assessments can be executed remotely in a manner that adheres to the rigorous standards applied during in-person assessments. General guidelines have evolved, but to date, there are no explicit directives about whether and how to proceed. This paper reviews professio...
Article
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The aim of the study was to adapt and validate a battery for the evaluation of subdomains of social cognition with the forensic population in Colombia and Mexico from a selection of instruments used in clinical neuropsychology. We reviewed the relevance of the subdomains that compose social cognition as evidence of content validity through the asse...
Preprint
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Environmental Criminology (EC) theories are regularly employed by law enforcement practitioners within their efforts to disrupt the criminal activities of motivated offenders. However, EC theories have not been utilised to combat the illicit activities of “State-supported” offenders. This study explored organised crime in South Sudan by applying EC...
Article
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The present article examines in depth a practical case of murder of an 18-month-old minor perpetrated by her own parent (filicide). The singularity of the casuistry not only lies in the criminological impact of the murder itself, but also pivots on the mental state of the perpetrator and whose sentence (consult) -based on the Mental Health professi...
Article
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This paper reviews the assistance of a psychologist expert in the justice bodies to protect minors in Kosovo. Research data on the study of normative acts (laws and international acts) regarding the role of the expert psychologist have been analyzed since from September 1999 until 2019. The purpose of this study is to assess the role of an expert p...
Article
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Current investigation focused on the criterion validity in a forensic sample of the Dutch language version of the Shedler-Westen Assessment Procedure (SWAP-200-NL), a personality assessment instrument completed by the examiner. We inquired into two areas: a) possible differences between a forensic and general mental health care population for SWAP-...
Article
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Introduction Violence against the elderly constitutes an undeniable and serious violation of human rights and affects the physical and psychological integrity of the victim. Is not a new phenomenon, is a worldwide problem that has become more pronounce in contemporary societies because of the ageing of the population. World Health Organization [1 W...
Article
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Introduction The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the work developed by the Forensic Psychology Office (GPF) at Forensic Sciences and Psychology Laboratory located at the Egas Moniz Higher Education School. GPF’s main goals are performing forensic psychological assessments, especially violence risk assessments, as well as scientific research...
Article
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Introduction The trial process is usually stressful for victims. Testifying in criminal court must cope potentially traumatising effects and implies recalling and evoking a crime. Such act tends to be a revictimization [1–3 Caridade S, Ferreira C, Carmo R. Declarações para memória futura de menores vítimas de crimes sexuais: Orientações para técnic...
Article
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span>Handwriting analysis has wide scopes include recruitment, medical diagnosis, forensic, psychology, and human-computer interaction. Computerized handwriting analysis makes it easy to recognize human personality and can help graphologists to understand and identify it. The features of handwriting use as input to classify a person’s personality t...
Article
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Objectives: We assessed recent policy recommendations to collect eyewitnesses' confidence statements in witnesses' own words as opposed to numerically. We conducted an experiment to test whether eyewitnesses' free-report verbal confidence statements are as diagnostic of eyewitness accuracy as their numeric confidence statements and whether the dia...
Conference Paper
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This paper explores how “lie” in our daily life is expressed and the purpose of using lie in our language so that we can provide the solution in the conflicts where “lie” could be involved, in order to make a conclusion based on scientific evidence, rather based on personal feelings and emotion. Everybody considers “lie” as a negative reaction whil...
Presentation
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The study explores the identificaiton of risk and need in children and young people who set fires. The literature draws upon firesetting research, the Risk, Need and Responsivity (RNR) model, defensible decision-making, legitimacy and emotional labour. Three major themes were identified in the mixed-methods, explanatory, sequential design study, wi...
Article
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Understanding the psychological dimensions underlying the radicalisation process is a considerable challenge in the context of the legal judicial treatment of perpetrators of acts of radical violence. This clinical and qualitative study is based on an analysis of legal expert interviews of people at different stages of the radicalisation process. I...
Conference Paper
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In recent years, universities have integrated tutorial plans of action into the learning teaching process, adapted to the European Higher Education Area. The Tutorial Action Plan (TAP), through which the teacher-tutor guides this process throughout the training action, aims to contribute to the improvement of the quality of teaching-learning, by en...
Article
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Resumo: A alienação parental refere-se a um conjunto de comportamentos emitidos, consciente ou inconscientemente, por um dos genitores, com vistas a impedir o relacionamento da criança com o outro progenitor. O objetivo deste artigo foi analisar, com base em uma revisão sistemática da literatura, a qualidade dos instrumentos psicológicos adotados e...
Article
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Police psychology is a sub discipline of forensic psychology. By definition, police psychology is ‘the research and application of psychological principles and clinical skills for law enforcement and public safety’. The basic tasks of a police psychologist are evaluation, conducting training and coaching of police officers, assisting in organizatio...
Poster
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Forensic psychology students at St. Francis Xavier University have been researching the causes of wrongful convictions in Canada as a group practicum placement. The group is doing so as a way of trying to support the incredible work of Innocence Canada by trying to educate on and bring awareness to this serious issue. Most research on wrongful conv...
Article
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Objective To analyse the relationship between the characteristics of the victim, the aggressor and sexual abuse in children and adolescents with the disclosure process; as well as with the chronicity of the event in the Division of the Institute of Legal Medicine of the Junín region-Perú. Materials and methods As a general method of research, the...
Article
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The article presents the analysis of social and psychological functioning of young people who run away from home. The aim of this analysis was deeper understanding of this phenomenon in the group of young Polish people undergoing psychological court assessment. Runs away from home are mentioned among the factors increasing the risk of persistence o...
Article
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Objective: Two studies examined 4-7-year-old maltreated children's "I don't know" (IDK) responses to wh- questions after receiving various interview instructions. Hypotheses: We predicted (H1) children would be less inclined to give IDK responses and more inclined to guess to color/number questions compared to other wh- questions; (H2) IDK instr...
Article
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This scientific review, in pursuit of the objective of reconstructing the history of the psychology laboratory of the V. Serbsky National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology, submits the analysis of the practical and scientific activities of the unit during the 1930s through 1970s. The article shows the evolution of scientific rese...
Article
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Many forensic assessment measures are developed and validated under research conditions but applied in the field, where professionals or paraprofessionals have varied training, unknown fidelity to administration procedures, and contextual pressures related to their institutions or legal system. Yet few studies examine the generalizability of psycho...