Science topics: MedicineForensic AnalysisLegal MedicineForensic Medicine
Forensic Medicine - Science topic
Forensic Medicine is the application of medical knowledge to questions of law.
Questions related to Forensic Medicine
As we all know Forensic Medicine and Toxicology started with knowing the Cause of Death from pathological autopsy to Complete autopsy with a recent focus on many emerging trends like Virtuopsy and further in Toxicology , based on these or futher on any others which can be the most advantageous for research in this field professionally
First of all, i am a student of pharmaceutical science and i love forensic medicine, i want to know basic concept more and more about this.
Forensic medicine research and experimentation are hampered by legal and ethical issues such as "consent." A forensic autopsy surgeon who is authorised to collect biological samples during autopsies. Is it necessary to obtain written directives or consent from deceased family members before conducting future research projects on such samples?
In case of father-child incest. I got STR profile of father, mother, and child. how can I calculate the paternity index to show about this incest.
Where can we find detailed information/literature in form of Reviews or Resource material or textbooks (to prepare lectures) for following competencies
FM4.10 - Communication between doctor patient and media
FM4.14 Challenge in managing medicolegal cases including development of skills in relationship management
FM4.15 Principles of handling pressure while dealing with medicolegal cases
1_ Indian journal of forensic medicine & toxicology
2_ Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
Indeed I noticed that the first one is predatory and the second journal is seems to be fake because it has malpractice cases.
With best regards
Munad AL Duliamy
DNA analysis is the process in which genetic sequences are studied. It is used by law enforcement and medical personnel to identify a particular person or species.
I mean methods of separation, immuno or enzymatic or another methods, which do not destruct or impair the DNA of epithelial cells, so they are suitable for PCR.
This is a very interesting topic for me, and of course, for every forensic medicine specialist and forensic scientists. I am looking forward to seeing your outcomes. However, I want to know about your methodology including your subjects, their environment (open air, burried, etc.), microbiologic sampling procedure and microbiologic evaluation of samples.
I will be grateful if you give detailed information.
I would like know if in your country the microbiology tools in postmortem investigations are used routinely and if the microbiologist take a part to the autopsy.
In Italy the postmortem investigations are not used routinely.
Namely the physical properties of putrefaction transudates like Reynolds number and density (for sure, there is no "standard composition" of such transudates)
I have a paper I'm working on and I encountered some mistakes in obtaining the formula for calculating stature using ante mortem measured stature and post mortem based on measuring long bones. I need to see how other researchers calculated their results if they had discrepancies in ante mortem or post mortem data.
whether both entry and exit wound will be formed in postmortem electrocution.
Can forensic medicine be of some use for social cause in Indian society?
Defined as the length of time between death and corpse discovery, the postmortem interval estimation is a crucial and fundamental step in medicolegal investigation of death, especially in unwitnessed deaths.
Evidence of the time elapsed since death may come from 3 sources and generally it is all of these 3 sources that should be explored and assessed before offering an opinion on when death occurred:
- The dead body (corporal)
- The environment in the vicinity of the body (environmental) and
- The information on the deceased’s habits, movements, and day-to-day activities (anamnestic).
What I want to know is :- What is the single best method in each of these 3 sources ? Thank you.
Greeting from Jeddah, Saudi Arabia,
I have some cases of phosphine related deaths and I read the paper attached and published on Forensic Science International 177 (2008) e35–e38.
I am trying to adapt the method using Perkin Elmer GC-NPD and Headspece but I did not have the success yet, in the method hydrogen is used as carrier gas but with our GC-NPD it is not recommended to use the hydrogen as carrier gas but instead we used Helium.
It would be greatful if anyone could send us the headspace setting as is not detailed on the method, incubating time, incubating temperature, syringe temperature and headspace capillary transfer line condition.
Dr. Ahmed Alasmari
Consultant Forensic Toxicologist
Poison Control and Forensic
Ministry of Health
Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
I know that:
-firstly we can detect the %CDT with immunoassays such as CDTect
- after we can use the HPLC for a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the different Tf (i.e. asialo-Tf, monosialo-Tf, disialo-Tf)
what I do not understand is why do I need a Mass spectrometry after HPLC?
definition of medico-legal case in other countries and procedural formalities , responsibilities of a treating doctor in MLC cases like- Injury, poisoning etc
I found a protocol that works for extracting RNA from fresh buccal swabs lysed in RLT immediately after collection, but cannot find one for stored swabs. Thank you!
I'd like to know which one is the best method to detect them. My question doesn't want to be theoretically, but basically which one is the best according to your expertise.
Biochemical and Molecular methods please and If any a rapid test from forensic sector.
I did some researches about forensic medicine items such as domestic violence, quarrel, addiction. But is there any body to tell what is the nurse's role in forensic nursing? How can we promote the nursing role in forensic nursing?
Are night postmortems carried out in your area?
Is it really necessary to make night postmortem compulsory by law?
What are the difficulties in doing night postmortem?
Is there any scientific/social/security basis for doing night postmortem?
Should we oppose any rule to compulsorily do night postmortem?
What's the role of forensic medicine personal in organ retrieval procedure under organ transplantation act in India and abroad?
In general sense, all the drugs have an expiry date (shelf life). After the expiry date the drug is recommended not to use as it may produce toxic effects in biological system and/or lose its potency in lesser or greater extent i.e. deviation from the optimum specification is seen. My question is what will be happened in case of a toxicant (toxin)? Is there any recommendation for toxiants' using? What will be there toxicological efficacy after expiry?
We are trying to study the differences in causes of death due to suicide (ICD-10: X60.0 - X84.9) between illicit drug users in contact with drug treatment services and those without from national General Mortality Register (GMR), the underlying cause of death is encoded according to ICD-10, selected underlying cause of death linked to external causes of injury and poisonings. Data from GMR are regularly reported to the WHO.
As we are talking about illicit drug users, where suicide by overdose is relatively frequent we would like in our study to introduce concept of direct cause of death-suicide (by overdose, poisoning with psychoactive substances) and indirect (where death-suicide is not a direct consequences of drug) according to EMCDDA. Considering this and causes of death by ICD-10 (among poisonings e.g. X62 Intentional self-poisoning by and exposure to narcotics, while among self- harm e.g. X70 Intentional self-harm by hanging, strangulation and suffocation) in our opinion should be appropriate to divide suicides in direct by self-poisoning (overdose) and indirect those by self-harm. Unfortunately one of experts (in the field of suicide) insists that group of suicide by self harm is not acceptable as per definition of WHO self harm could not finish in death.
Thank you in advance for comments and suggestions.
Opining of injuries, whether they are antemortem or postmortem are most often been in question. In decomposed body the question of opining antemortem injuries become paramount especially in homicidal or suspicious deaths.
So, how can we opine regarding the antemortem nature of injuries in decomposed bodies?
Body fluids like semen, and saliva fluoresce in ultra violet v light. These body fluids have different compositions. Which specific constituent is present in these fluids to make them glow?
With respect to dowry death cases in India, the conviction rate is one of the lowest.
While conducting an autopsy on a victim of electrocution, if there are no injury marks on the body, how can I proceed with the autopsy?
In cases of poisoning what are the test/ bedside test done to diagnose it?
Are they routinely done in your hospital set-up?
Are there any quick test to diagnose/ confirm a known poison?
Are there any test like urine pregnancy test kits to diagnose poisoning cases?
Is it really helpful to diagnose poisoning cases by such test?
Can this be of some importance to medical or medicolegal purpose?
Are postmortem biochemical analysis done routinely in your areas for determining either time since death or cause of death? Is it really useful in the present context?
I'm looking specifically for guidelines for validating and accrediting DNA-based wildlife species identification tests, which would generally be PCR-based. I'm not sure if there are any specific guidelines in force in India. Are there any international guidelines (e.g.USFDA, OIE) that are adopted by countries without their own guidelines?
I am making a research in this topic ... I want your opinion about the validity of each system in your countries and the controversies in this system .
Performance of an autopsy is “…the single most informative, most instructive, most revealing, most important and mostly costly procedure in the practice of medicine, not merely in the dollars and the cents needed for its proper performance, but most costly from the inescapable fact that every autopsy is carried out at the cost of human life, whether death was the result of natural disease or violence” Dr. Lester Adelson a forensic pathologist once summed up the concept of an autopsy. The autopsy has been used to further medicine and our own understanding. Why has this once great practice faded? What killed the desire to further our understanding of the human body? Are we becoming complacent and feel that we have reached the end of our understanding?