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# Focus - Science topic

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Article
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The exposome can be defined as the measure of all exposures of an individual in a lifetime, and how these relate to health. Therefore, the topic of immune health and development, from an exposome perspective, is a focus of increasing interest. This Special Issue aims to collect state-of-the-art primary research studies and review articles from in...
Article
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Metaverse technology is a new technology that will focus on working, studying and entertainment in the future. In sociology, the existence of this technology will change the culture of society. The connection to social reality will be lost in the metaverse. This article aims to discuss in detail how the reality of technology metaverse in social lif...
Conference Paper
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Dear Colleagues, It is out pleasure to invite you to submit research contributions to the next Platform for Advanced Scientific Computing (PASC) Conference series held at the Congress Center Davos, Switzerland, 26-28 June 2023. In a few words, the PASC Conference series is an international and interdisciplinary platform for exchanging knowledge i...
Article
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This paper reviews the importance of uncertainties in hull girder loads influenced by flexible fluid structure interactions. The focus is on developments in the field of hydroelastic modelling, simulation and model tests of practical relevance to the prediction hull girder wave load predictions and their validation. It is concluded that whereas hyd...
Article
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Tissue undergoes constant remodelling in normal physiological processes during development and ageing, as well as in response to pathobiological stimuli. Extracellular vesicles are released from most cells and participate in cellular communication in health and disease via the transport of a range of genetic and protein cargo. EVs can be isolated f...
Article
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There are various linear and nonlinear one-dimensional partial differential equations that are the focus of this research. There are a large number of these equations that cannot be solved analytically or precisely. The evaluation of nonlinear partial differential equations, even if analytical solutions exist, may be problematic. Therefore, it may...
Preprint
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Abstract The current volume calls for a paradigm shift of language aptitude research from its previous focus on aptitude testing to theory construction and practical applications. In this introductory chapter, we first provide a brief overview of research paradigms of language aptitude testing and theory construction in the past six decades, summar...
Article
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Research on technology commercialisation and science-industry interactions overlooks the specificity of connections between science and traditional low-and medium-technology (TLMT) industries. The few studies on science-based innovation in TLMT industries focus on barriers to investing, accessing, and creating value from science. This is problemati...
Book
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Women in World Christianity: Building and Sustaining a Global Movement is the first textbook to focus on women’s experiences in the founding, spread, and continuation of the Christian faith. Integrating historical, theological, and social scientific approaches to World Christianity, this innovative volume centers women’s perspectives to illustrate...
Article
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A strong anisotropy of interatomic interaction in pure uranium makes possible a variety of feasible structure transformations in this metal. With classical atomistic simulation we consider several unusual aspects of such transformations occurring in pure uranium and U-Mo alloys. A special focus is put on alpha - gamma and gamma^0 - gamma transition...
Conference Paper
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Session Abstract: In a collaborative autoethnographic inquiry, three transnational-translingual pracademics, originally from the Global South and now pursuing diverse personal-professional trajectories in the US, critically examine their experiences being transracialized (Alim, 2016) across transnational contexts and propose that agentive 'transnat...
Article
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Model updating improves the correlation between the response of the real structure and the response of the finite-element (FE) model; however, the selection of the updating parameters (parametrization) is crucial for its success. Using full-field modal shapes, a large number of parameters can be updated, e.g., the Young’s moduli of all the finite e...
Article
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Body maps are a popular tool in body-centric design, facilitating a sensitization and expression of felt sensations and emotions. Yet, they also bring forth assumptions about the body and our somatic experience. Based on an open and exploratory design ideation inquiry , we have started to explore how body maps could be advanced so as to cater to a...
Chapter
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Heroic leadership is an emerging area of scientific inquiry focused on promoting peak forms of human self-actualization (Allison and Goethals 2011). In this chapter, we review the literature on heroic leadership with a focus on identifying ethical paradoxes and implications associated with definitions of heroic leadership, traits attributed to hero...
Article
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This study extends the post-acceptance model of information systems (IS) continuance, which is widely used to explain users’ satisfaction and IS continuance intentions. The extended model includes additional variables such as perceived ease of use (PEOU), attitude, trust, and enjoyment. The proposed model was tested using meta-analytic structural e...
Article
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In this paper, we investigate steady equatorial flows beneath solitary water waves subject to the Coriolis effect, which propagate over a flat bed. In particular, we focus on irrotational flows and present some properties of velocity field, behavior of the pressure and the extrema of the dynamic pressure. In addition, we provide some estimates for...
Article
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The number of road collisions have plateaued over the past decade, both in the UK and worldwide. One problem is that most road safety investigations focus on the immediate, sharp-end factors rather than delving into the deeper, blunt-end, systems factors. It is argued that the contributions of both of these types of factors need to be understood be...
Article
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The article reviews three books which were published in 2021-2022 and devoted to the "Imagining Palestine" concept. The text is to be published in upcoming volume of «Tsaytshrift» journal (European Humanities University project, devoted to jewish studies and published in Vilnus).
Article
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The Budget of 2021 states that monetising operating public infrastructure assets is a very important financing option for new infrastructure construction.
Article
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The current work analyzes how students’ perceptions of the faculty member’s evaluation may be influenced by length of class period, method of delivery, students’ classification, whether the course is required for degree completion, the students’ self-reported expected grade, the students’ current GPA, and the students’ course workload may influence...
Article
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Oral dosage forms are mostly preferred route for administering drugs to patient. But due to the poor solubility many drug has limited used in oral administration. Solubility is a one of the significant factor which affects dissolution rate and bioavailability. Solid dispersion is an effective method of improving the dissolution rate of poorly water...
Presentation
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TDM and TSM measures are designed to improve the operation of area streets and make transit, bicycling, and pedestrian circulation safer and more efficient without costly development of new infrastructure. TDM measures generally focus on demand issues while TSM measures typically focus on managing the supply.
Article
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The features of the main models of spiking neurons are discussed in this review. We focus on the dynamical behaviors of five paradigmatic spiking neuron models and present recent literature studies on the topic, classifying the contributions based on the most-studied items. The aim of this review is to provide the reader with fundamental details re...
Chapter
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5 This chapter explores the use of explicit language policies and regulations in higher 6 education settings where English is used as a foreign language. In particular, the chapter 7 presents a case study of the Nordic countries of Europe, which, in today's Europe, are 8 considered some of the settings where English users have overall high proficie...
Article
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A systematic mapping study is a type of secondary study with the goal of providing an overview of a subject as it is reported in primary studies. A systematic map often describes research trends over time, uncovers possible research gaps and focus points, and provides a synthesis of the chosen subject. We believe that while a systematic mapping stu...
Article
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If politics is understood as a foundational and open-ended activity, a general problem that arises from such a framing concerns the question of how to sustain the possibility of continuous openings without converting action into permanence and closure. In this article, we approach this problematic by treating Hannah Arendt as an exemplary figure in...
Article
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Mixed-effects models are an analytic technique for modeling repeated measurement or nested data. This paper explains the logic of mixed-effects modeling and describes two examples of mixed-effects analyses using R (R Development Core Team, 2020). The intended audience of the paper is psychologists who specialize in cognitive development research. T...
Preprint
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This paper is the third part of a sequence of papers with the same title. It will include completely new exactly solvable potentials produced using the factorization method. As in the last two papers, this list of potentials is divided into groups sharing the same characteristics found in their superpotentials. Again, the focus will be on the compl...
Article
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In this paper, we focus on the homogeneity test that evaluates whether two multivariate samples come from the same distribution. This problem arises naturally in various applications, and there are many methods available in the literature. Based on data depth, several tests have been proposed for this problem but they may not be very powerful. In l...
Chapter
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This chapter examines how Emotional Intelligence can be used in E-Learning to help students get a better understanding of the learning process. This study focuses on the role of emotions in students' perception and interaction with new ways of improving learning, and how technology can stimulate this growth. It examines how the introduction of new...
Article
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Learning an unbiased classifier from imbalanced image datasets is challenging since the classifier may be strongly biased toward the majority class. To address this issue, some generative model-based oversampling methods have been proposed. However, most of these methods pay little attention to boundary samples, which may contribute tiny to learnin...
Article
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In this paper, we study on linear, cyclic, self-dual and self-orthogonal codes over the ring Rq. We especially focus on extremal self-dual codes over $$\mathbb {F}_{q}$$. Our method is easy and constructing self-dual codes over $$\mathbb {F}_{\boldsymbol {q}}$$. We define a distance-invariant Gray map from Rq to the finite field \(\mathbb {F}_{\bol...
Article
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In natural language conversations, speakers often communicate ‘if and only if’ when they say ‘if’. The reasons why in some circumstances, yet not all, conditionals receive a biconditional interpretation remain under investigation. Von Fintel (2001) proposed an account where the interpretation of a conditional (“if p, then q”) is predicted to depend...
Preprint
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We analyze the causal impact of positive and negative feedback on professional performance. We exploit a unique data source in which quasi-random, naturally occurring variations within subjective ratings serve as positive and negative feedback. The analysis shows that receiving positive feedback has a favorable impact on subsequent performance, whi...
Article
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The notion of the S-acts and its properties as well as the concept of the S Γ-acts over a Γ-semigroup have been the subject of study for many years in classical algebra. From 2019, the focus of this author's interest is on Γ-semigroups with apartness into the Bishop's constructive framework. In this paper, the concept of the S Γ-act with apartness...
Preprint
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It is well known that most of the existing theoretical results in statistics are based on the assumption that the sample is generated with replacement from an infinite population. However, in practice, available samples are almost always collected without replacement. If the population is a finite set of real numbers, whether we can still safely us...
Article
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Point-of-Interest (POI) recommender systems can effectively assist users to find their preferred POIs. Recent studies mainly focus on extracting users’ dynamic context from their check-in behaviors and using attention mechanism to capture different influence of context information for predicting their real-time requirements. However, the existing m...
Article
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Article
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Based on six detailed case studies of languages in which focus is marked morphosyntactically, we propose a novel formal theory of focus marking, which can capture these as well as the familiar English-type prosodic focus marking. Special attention is paid to the patterns of focus syncretism, that is, when different size and/or location of focus are...
Article
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Many authors acknowledge that people share emotions in various social contexts. However, the deeper role of social relationships for shared emotions is poorly understood. I argue that shared emotions are affected by the social relationships in which they emerge. Moreover, shared emotions help people to bond. In order to do so, emotional experiences...
Article
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In this paper, we investigate a variant of Ramsey numbers called defective Ramsey numbers where cliques and independent sets are generalized to k-dense and k-sparse sets, both commonly called k-defective sets. We focus on the computation of defective Ramsey numbers restricted to some subclasses of perfect graphs. Since direct proof techniques are o...
Article
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The article discusses the functional ecology of spider families represented in pomegranate plantation. The main objective of the study is to focus on role of spiders in pest control in economically important pomegranate orchard. Spiders were sampled with active searching and gentle tapping in a study spanning one year. A total of 1226 individuals b...
Article
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Theory of Mind (ToM) is an essential ability of humans to infer the mental states of others. Here we provide a coherent summary of the potential, current progress, and problems of deep learning (DL) approaches to ToM. We highlight that many current findings can be explained through shortcuts. These shortcuts arise because the tasks used to investig...
Article
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One advantage of a resistive sensor array (RSA) with shared rows (M) and shared columns (N) is the reduced number of wires from M × N + 1 to M + N which can greatly lessen the complexity and burden on wearable electronic systems. However, the drawback is the crosstalk current effect between adjacent elements, which will lead to high measurement err...
Article
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The study of clausal ellipsis in sentence processing has revealed that comprehenders are sensitive to multiple, sometimes conflicting, pressures when recovering elided content. This paper presents a pupillometry experiment investigating how the human language processing system responds to sentences in which the location of a pitch accent clashes wi...
Article
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Playful approaches include many benefits for higher education. Here, they denote elements of playful learning that invite students to engage with various challenges related to imagination, innovation, and co-creation. As stated in earlier research, playful learning follows the constructivism approach seeking students be active participants in their...
Article
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While there is substantial research on how firms successfully end project initiatives deemed unsuitable for them very few studies focus on how leaders and managers communicate termination messages. Drawing from politeness theory and organizational support theory we explore the impact termination messages varying in face sensitivity have on innovato...
Article
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The primary focus of this article is on applying specific generalized Jacobi polynomials (GJPs) as basis functions to obtain the solution of linear and non-linear even-order two-point BVPs. These GJPs are orthogonal polynomials that are expressed as Legendre polynomial combinations. The linear even-order BVPs are treated using the Petrov–Galerkin m...
Preprint
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The meta distribution of the signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) provides fine-grained information about each link's performance in a wireless system and the reliability of the whole network. While the UAV-enabled network has been studied extensively, most of the works focus on the spatial average performance, such as coverage probabilit...
Article
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Streets perform a number of important functions and have a wide range of activities performed in them. There is a small but growing focus on streets as a more generalisable, atomised, and therefore more manageable unit of development and analysis than cities. Despite the public realm being one of the largest physical spaces on streets, the impact a...
Article
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Reading interventions that focus on metacognitive strategy instruction for elementary students reveal positive effects but also require extensive teacher training and significant oversight by the research team. In the current study, a more ‘hands off’ scalable approach to strategy instruction was tested, where initial teacher training and materials...
Preprint
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In this work, we present two Deep Reinforcement Learning (Deep-RL) approaches to enhance the problem of mapless navigation for a terrestrial mobile robot. Our methodology focus on comparing a Deep-RL technique based on the Deep Q-Network (DQN) algorithm with a second one based on the Double Deep Q-Network (DDQN) algorithm. We use 24 laser measureme...
Preprint
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Real-world data streams naturally include the repetition of previous concepts. From a Continual Learning (CL) perspective, repetition is a property of the environment and, unlike replay, cannot be controlled by the user. Nowadays, Class-Incremental scenarios represent the leading test-bed for assessing and comparing CL strategies. This family of sc...
Article
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Multiclass classification is one of the most popular machine learning tasks. The main focus of this paper is to classify occupations according to the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO) using a weights and structure determination (WASD)-based neural network. In general, WASD-trained neural networks are known to overcome the...
Research
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This report provides an adequate baseline for selected indicators from the governance sector (political participation, service delivery by the sub-national administrative offices and rule of law) of the BMZ Country Strategy Afghanistan for 2014_2017. It presents the findings of the data collected from a representative sample of over 2.500 community...
Preprint
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We systematically study how properties of abstract operator systems help classifying linear matrix inequality definitions of sets. Our main focus is on polyhedral cones, the 3-dimensional Lorentz cone, where we can completely describe all defining linear matrix inequalities, and on the cone of positive semidefinite matrices. Here we use results on...
Preprint
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The purpose of the present paper is to place a number of geometric (and hands-on) configurations relating to spectrum and geometry inside a general framework for the {\it Fuglede conjecture}. Note that in its general form, the Fuglede conjecture concerns general Borel sets $\Omega$ in a fixed number of dimensions $d$ such that $\Omega$ has finite p...
Article
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We study the embeddings of (homogeneous and inhomogeneous) anisotropic Besov spaces associated to an expansive matrix A into Sobolev spaces, with a focus on the influence of A on the embedding behavior. For a large range of parameters, we derive sharp characterizations of embeddings.
Preprint
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Influence maximization (IM) aims to find seed users on an online social network to maximize the spread of information about a target product through word-of-mouth propagation among all users. Prior IM methods mostly focus on maximizing the overall influence spread, which assumes that all users are potential customers of the product and that more ex...
Preprint
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Cross-domain NER is a challenging task to address the low-resource problem in practical scenarios. Previous typical solutions mainly obtain a NER model by pre-trained language models (PLMs) with data from a rich-resource domain and adapt it to the target domain. Owing to the mismatch issue among entity types in different domains, previous approache...
Article
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“Changing-look active galactic nuclei” (CLAGNs) are known to change their apparent types between types 1 and 2, usually accompanied by a drastic change in their luminosity on timescales of years. However, it is still unclear whether materials in broad-line regions (BLRs) in CLAGNs appear and disappear during the type-transition or remain at the sam...
Article
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A bstract FASER is one of the promising experiments which search for long-lived particles beyond the Standard Model. In this paper, we consider charged lepton flavor violation (CLFV) via a light and weakly interacting boson and discuss the detectability by FASER. We focus on four types of CLFV interactions, i.e., the scalar-, pseudoscalar-, vector-...
Article
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We study cold and dense nuclear matter by using the gauge/gravity duality. To this end, we use the Witten–Sakai–Sugimoto model and the V-QCD models with an approach where the nuclear matter is taken to be spatially homogeneous. We focus on the “popcorn” transitions, which are phase transitions in the nuclear matter phases induced by changes in the...
Preprint
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We synthesize and discuss some new developments in econophysics. In doing so, we focus on option pricing. We relax the assumptions of constant volatility and interest rate. In doing so, we rely on the square root of the Brownian motion. We also provide simple, closed-form pricing formulas for the American and Bermudan options.
Article
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Objective This article aims to explore the potential categories of college students’ sports behavior motivation and the differences between different family social classes on potential categories. Participants In total, 1,092 college students were investigated in this study. Methods This article used the “College Students’ Sports Behavior Motivat...
Article
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We keep the focus in this paper on the heat transfer coefficients affecting the performance of building for different climatic zones of Morocco. In this respect, the building model is developed using COMSOL Multiphysics based on the convective and radiative equations. Furthermore, the U-shape of the south external wall of the building is modified a...
Preprint
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Behavioral responding is most beneficial when it reflects event timing. Compared to reward, there are fewer studies on timing of defensive responding. We gave female and male rats Pavlovian fear conditioning over a baseline of reward seeking. Two 100-s cues predicted foot shock at different time points. Rats acquired timing of behavioral responding...
Preprint
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The release of ChatGPT has received significant attention from both scientists and the public. Despite its acknowledged capabilities and potential applications, the perception and reaction of individuals to content generated by ChatGPT is not well understood. To address this, we focus on two important application domains: recommendations for (i) so...
Article
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Purpose of the Review Arterial hypertension (AH) is the most common cardiovascular (CV) risk factor in the community and in oncologic patients. It also represents the most important CV condition predisposing to anticancer treatment-related cardiotoxicity. This risk is heightened in the presence of cardiac AH-mediated organ damage (HMOD). Influence...
Article
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We study a single machine scheduling problem to maximize the weighted number of Just-in-Time jobs, i.e., jobs which are completed exactly at their due-dates. We focus on the case that the job sequence is given. A pseudo-polynomial solution algorithm has been published for this problem, and we introduce here an efficient polynomial time dynamic prog...
Article
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Background Although researchers have begun to consider metacognitive insight during face matching, little is known about the underlying mechanism. Here, I investigated whether objective ability, as well as self-assessed ability, were able to predict metacognitive performance, that is, the ability to differentiate correct and incorrect responses in...
Article
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Levy (2021) argues that bad beliefs predominately stem from automatic (albeit rational) updating in response to testimonial evidence. To counteract such beliefs, then, we should focus on ridding our epistemic environments of misleading testimony. This paper responds as follows. First, I argue that the suite of automatic processes related to bad bel...
Article
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Over the past decade, health literacy concerns have been a wake-up call for many areas of health. Recent studies about health literacy in recent years show that so far only a few studies have considered the design of tools or the measurement of specific health literacy that focus on issues such as oral health, risk factors for chronic diseases, bre...
Preprint
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In the 1980s at the University of Washington, Marsha Linehan spe-cialized in the treatment of women diagnosed with borderline per-sonality disorder (BPD) with typical presentations of suicidal and self-harm behaviors. Although she initially used Cognitive Behavior-al Therapy, or CBT, in their treatment, she found that the approach was ineffective f...
Preprint
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We propose in this note the application of the alternating direction method of multipliers in shape optimization framework for solving geometric inverse problems. We present some preliminary results illustrating the applicability and efficiency of the method by testing it to some shape detection problems with the focus on unknown inclusions with pr...
Article
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It is commonly said that it is easier to imagine the end of the world than the end of capitalism. Alternatives, framed as a simplistic dualism of capitalism vs communism, make it difficult to envision any alternative. Instead, the “sprouts” of communism lie concealed in capitalism, inherent in its contradictory logic and the twofold nature of labor...
Technical Report
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Employers have largely been excluded from research and policy debate focused on the development of Universal Credit (UC) and related Active Labour Market Policies (ALMPs). This research – the first major study to focus on employer experiences and views of this policy area – addresses this critical omission and demonstrates how valuable their insigh...
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It is a SWOT analysis regarding S.L. Benfica, a professional football club in Portugal. The main focus is on the operation of the club's academy and player/talent development.
Article
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Objectives: This research aims to examine the impact of governance on the tourism sector in 16 countries in the MENA region during the period (2033-2020). It also aims to answer the main question which is related to the impact of the quality of governance and institutions on the total demand for tourism in the MENA region. Methods: This study adopt...
Article
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Disruptions in RNA processing play critical roles in the pathogenesis of neurological diseases. In this perspective, we discuss recent progress in the development of RNA-targeting therapeutic modalities. We focus on progress, limitations, and opportunities in a new generation of therapies engineered from RNA binding proteins and other endogenous RN...
Article
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Abstract: In Switzerland, subject-specific education contributes to the identity of universities of teacher education. Developments in German-speaking Switzerland are considered and positioned within a wider framework. There is a distinct difference between German-speaking and English-speaking countries regarding the relevance and the standing of...
Technical Report
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Annual flagship report from Bal Raksha Bharat (also known as Save the Children globally) to explore the rights and agency of children in India with a special focus on mental health and psycho social well being of children amid COVID-19.
Article
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In this paper, I draw a distinction between two types of deepfake, and unpack the deceptive strategies that are made possible by the second. The first category, which has been the focus of existing literature on the topic, consists of those deepfakes that act as a fabricated record of events, talk, and action, where any utterances included in the f...