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Publications related to Fire Safety Engineering (195)
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Article
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Dear Editor, Building Information Modelling (BIM) is a modern technology and process that has had a dramatic impact on the Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) industry over the last decade [1]. The latest statistics show that at least 18 countries around the world are mandating BIM for use in public projects, and this enforcement of BI...
Thesis
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Samples were simultaneously exposed to a structural load (shear) and a thermal load (radiant panel) to study debonding (char fall off and delamination). Small scale tests (30) were performed on CLT blocks (3-lamellae), from three different European manufacturers. Two different types of one-component polyurethane (1-C-PUR), and one type of melamine-...
Article
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Nowadays, the construction industry is characterised by high-rise, multifunctional, and complex buildings with innovative façade systems. Unlike a simple prescriptive approach in accordance with standards and codes, a performance-based design allows us to: define safety levels and goals, evaluate heat transfer to the structure and the structure's r...
Article
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This report sets a path of commitment among academia, government and industry to deliver a sustainable provision of professionals. Without a sustainable provision of professionals, it will not be possible to professionalise Fire Safety Engineering. Taking into account the needs, constraints and limitations of all stakeholders, the report emphasises...
Conference Paper
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Buildings are among the basic infrastructures for developed societies. Every project includes various stakeholders during its life cycle that need to collaborate to improve the project's effectiveness. Hence, poor communication causes many problems and one of the major incidents is fire outbreak which happens consequently during operational phases....
Conference Paper
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Currently, a specific method for assessing the risk of fire spread for building façades has not been defined. The NFPA has implemented a Fire Risk Assessment tool based on a qualitative method, although it’s referred to buildings with incombustible structures and heights greater than 18 metres. This paper proposes a semi-quantitative method that be...
Article
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Ever since the field of Fire Safety Engineering first came into existence, small-scale (model scale) fire tests were the source of much valuable information about the phenomena occurring during combustion. Over the years, several computational methods to determine the criteria for the similarity of fires on both a real and small geometric scale hav...
Article
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Many recent fire events demonstrate that the need of improving the technical knowledge and the practical procedures in the design of the façade systems to be used in high-rise buildings, especially for what concerns the fire vulnerability, is still very strong. Through the analysis of some case studies and examples, the paper highlights the need to...
Article
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One of the challenges of fire safety engineering is to calculate temperature of structures based on measured or specified thermal exposures in terms of fire temperatures and/or heat fluxes. The interpretations of the measurements are, however, often clouded by the lack of common understanding of the reported values and how they shall be translated...
Article
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The international debate on sustainable development and the growing need to find new directions for the closure of loops includes architectural issues. The countless abandoned building resources as well as buildings in advanced state of decay highlight the urgent need to extend the life cycle of the building heritage, helping the trade-off between...
Article
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In the field of Fire Safety Engineering, the application of mathematical models is crucial in order to properly estimate the severity of eventual fires occurring inside workplaces. Such models (like CFast, Ozone, FDS, CFX, Fluent), require a notable amount of specific parameters in order to work. Such parameters are usually available in the current...
Article
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Fire Safety Engineering is an application of science to improve the safety from the destructive effect of the fire. Paper is one of sources that easily catch fire, however, research on flame spread towards paper is still not enough to describe about the phenomenon. Inspiration from this, the behavior of downward flame spread over paper/bagasse is e...
Article
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Design for fire safety may be carried out by two generic approaches – a set of prescriptive rules or by a performance-based approach where analytical tools are used to verify fire safety towards a set of functional requirements and performance criteria given by the building code. Normally, these two methods are mixed when design fire safety within...
Conference Paper
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A seguito dell'incendio che distrusse la basilica di San Paolo fuori le mura il 15 luglio 1823, papa Pio IX dispose che la ricostruzione dell'edificio tenesse conto di criteri antincendio. A questo scopo l'architetto Luigi Poletti, incaricato del progetto di ricostruzione, chiese al fisico ed astronomo Padre Angelo Secchi di curare tale aspetto. In...
Article
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This paper presents an analytical model able to explore the design method of natural smoke evacuation through an exhaust vent subject to wind pressure. The proposed model can be used to determine the flow rate of smoke and the optimal section of the exhaust vent according to the geometric parameters of the room, the heat release rate and the pressu...
Thesis
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The current master dissertation has been submitted in order to obtain the academic degree of Master of Science in Fire Safety Engineering, and it corresponds to the CFD Study on the Interaction between Water Sprays and Longitudinal Ventilation in Tunnel Fires. The current dissertation has been conducted in order to study and analyze the interactio...
Article
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The goal of fire safety engineering (FSE) is to design a strategy that meets human safety and property protection goals with an optimized solution. In comparison to international practice, Canada could be considered highly underdeveloped in a technical perspective of performance versus prescription. In Canada, FSE is a subdivision within civil and...
Article
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Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) enables the passive detection and identification of chemical agent clouds from distances. It can be used for the monitoring of large spaces and protection of industrial installations outside buildings. The aim of the study was show the possibilities and limitations of passive FT-IR. In studies done by...
Article
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Flame spread behavior on combustible solid is one of important research related to Fire Safety Engineering. Now, there are a lot of combustible solid composed from mixed materials. In this study, experiments have been conducted to investigate flame spread behavior over combustible solid composed by paper, bagasse and mixed paper/bagasse. Experiment...
Article
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Understanding flame spread behavior is crucial to Fire Safety Engineering. It is noted that the natural fiber exhibits different flame spread behavior than the one of the synthetic fiber. This different may influences the flame spread behavior over combined fabric. There is a research has been done to examined the flame spread behavior over kenaf/p...
Article
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An existing steel-concrete composite structure is analyzed in order to assess its level of protection against both fire and earthquakes. The building has been designed and built more than thirty years ago, implying that both these hazards may not be adequately verified with respect to the current codes. As concerns the fire protection, intumescent...
Article
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Experimental and numerical analysis have been performed to evaluate the influence of the soot yield parameter on the results of advanced engineering analysis, in regards to visibility. After identifying soot yield as the most influential factor on the results, fuels with various values of Ys have been analysed in a fire chamber and then compared to...
Technical Report
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Disclaimer The observations, discussions and opinions expressed in this document result from an investigation undertaken by Professor Brian Meacham of Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) within Sweden during the month of September 2016 as part of his year-long sabbatical research into the situation with performance-based building regulations and...
Poster
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Poster presented at the Brandskydd 2016 Conference at Scandic Infra City in Upplands Väsby, Sweden. The poster is a summary of the work behind my Master’s thesis and further work on the subject presented at the Interflam conference 2016. See below for further reading: Nilsson, M. The impact of horizontal projections on external fire spread - a nume...
Article
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This paper treats on the subject of including wind as a boundary condition in CFD analysis used in Fire Safety Engineering. Adverse wind effect is observed mostly on the performance of natural smoke and heat ventilators – and often is included in numerical studies performed by engineers. This paper provides with general guidelines on the Computatio...
Poster
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The poster shows the possibility of simulation and analysis of fire scenarios with numerical methods. The simulation of the flow field induced by a fire is fundamental for the prediction of the smoke spread and ventilation. CFD simulations of jet fan have been validated against experimental data in order to provide highly reliable numerical results...
Conference Paper
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Luca Fiorentini, direttore di TECSA S.r.l., insieme a Luca Marmo ed Enrico Danzi sono i docenti del 1° Corso di Formazione "Fondamenti di Fire Safety Engineering (FSE)" della Fondazione Ordine degli Ingegneri di Torino (FOIT). Il corso, per un totale di 8 h di formazione e valido per l'ottenimento di 8 CFP oltre che valido per 8 h di aggiornamento...
Conference Paper
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Recenti sviluppi nell'analisi delle prestazioni dei sistemi di rilevazione gas ed incendio hanno permesso di addivenire alla possibilità di condurre un'analisi quantitativa della copertura fornita dalla rete di rilevatori utilizzati negli stabilimenti industriali che costituiscono una delle più importanti barriere (IPL) di riduzione del rischio. Qu...
Conference Paper
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Il presente contributo costituisce un'applicazione dei metodi avanzati della Fire Safety Engineering (FSE) ai fini della progettazione della sicurezza antincendio di un edificio civile esistente. Il nuovo Codice di Prevenzione Incendi, di recente approvazione, consente infatti l'utilizzo di strumenti di calcolo numerico avanzati da parte del profes...
Article
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In order to improve the resilience of the region to hazards, it is necessary to provide the required number of experts that is to modernize and develop higher education at the regional higher education institutions in the field of Disaster Risk Management and Fire Safety Engineering. A master study program should be developed to satisfy various cri...
Article
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The fire simulation curve this paper presents is based on a curve which is proposed by Barnett in 2002. The curve is used to study the temperature change in a fire scenario in the interior of a rectangular compartment. However, it is not applicable to use in some long, limited spaces with arc boundaries, such as aircraft cabins. Some improvements a...
Article
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There is a growing demand for fire safetyengineers. While new fire safety engineering programshave been created, the demand for highly qualifiedpersonnel is growing more rapidly than the supply of newgraduates. One particular challenge is the ability of asingle institution to offer the range of courses required ina comprehensive fire safety enginee...
Conference Paper
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Some questions in Fire Safety Engineering require multiple execution and evaluation of fire simulations with changed parameters or a modified setup: A thorough sensitivity study requires the execution of one simulation per sample point. For a design of a fire safety system taking into account n different scenarios, n simulations are needed. And for...
Article
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Experts from the Main School of Fire Service tested eSURV system with the view of identifying the potential and usefulness of the system for firefighter officers and other experts who undertake scene examination, especially fire scene. The tests demonstrated, among others, that the system is capable of making high-accuracy measurement, easily opera...
Thesis
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This thesis presents a methodology to determine failure criteria of building insulation materials in the event of a fire that is specific to each typology of insulation material used. This methodology is based on material characterisation and assessment of fire performance of the most common insulation materials used in construction. Current method...
Conference Paper
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F.L.A.M.E. è un metodo speditivo parametrico per la valutazione del rischio di incendio per gli occupanti nei luoghi di lavoro e la determinazione della vulnerabilità per la proprietà e l'edificio. F.L.A.M.E. (Fire risk Level Assessment Matrix for Enterprises) è un metodo di nuova concezione, messo punto da L. Fiorentini, L. Marco ed E. Danzi, per...
Thesis
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Studies have found that deterministic performance-based fire safety design leads to unnecessary high safety levels in buildings in Denmark. Other studies have described that prescribed fire safety regulations leads to safety levels that vary based on the type of occupancy and the type of fire safety concept. Additionally, it has been found that des...
Conference Paper
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The aim of this work is the application of a performance-based approach in the field of the Fire Safety Engineering within the Gran Sasso National Laboratories (LNGS), one of the structures owned and managed by the National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN). CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) models provide a solid foundation on which a complete...
Article
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The design of fire suppression systems installed on naval vessels can either be based on prescriptive regulations or be performance-based. Prescriptive regulations often arise from experience as they are created from established practices and knowledge from more or less disastrous incidents. Many prescriptive regulations are based on either non-val...
Technical Report
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This report, and the work presented in it, represents the project assignment required for a passing grade in the postgraduate course Fire safety in underground structures, given at Lund University, LTH, during 2013 and 2014. The course, which was given to postgraduate students at the Department of Fire Safety Engineering at Lund University as well...
Article
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Fire safety in existing premises is one of the major concerns for the Italian National Fire Corps, not only in terms of intervention in the case of fire, but also for determining specific preventive regulations and countermeasures. This concern is based on the fact that the deterministic regulations that are generally used in Italy for defining pre...
Article
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The move towards fire performance-based design in building and transport regulations has led to an increased use of fire models. This increased use of these models and the evolution of different regulations have put higher demands on the predictive capability of fire models. The purpose of this paper is to give an overview of different activities r...
Article
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Research is ongoing in New Zealand to develop a new risk-informed fire safety design tool called B-RISK that is a combination of deterministic and probabilistic calculation functionality. The purpose of the tool is so that users can examine the risk and uncertainty that is part of modeling building fires in a rational and systematic fashion. A spec...
Thesis
Problems can be solved using existing knowledge and methods derived from past experiences; and in building design, where buildings are sufficiently similar to those already built, this process can be optimised by creating standardised solutions to common problems. There is significant demand for specialist engineers who can apply these standardised...
Technical Report
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This report provides a 'high-level' comparison of the International Fire Engineering Guidelines (IFEG) with BS 7974, Application of Fire Safety Engineering Principles to the Design of Buildings, the SFPE Engineering Guide to Performance-Based Fire Protection, and ISO 13387, Application of Fire Performance Concepts to Design Objectives. This compari...
Article
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Fire safety engineering has developed remarkably well over the last 4 decades, yet there are certain areas that have been systematically neglected or overlooked. On the basis of his long career in the profession, the author offers a number of areas for consideration where improvements are still clearly needed. These include: (1) learning from fire...
Thesis
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Evacuation model capabilities are rapidly improving, allowing the simulation of ever more complex scenarios in different types of environments. The definition of the best evacuation modelling approach for safety assessment is a key point for optimizing engineering work and ensuring the desired safety conditions. In the present thesis, a wide compar...
Conference Paper
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A statistical analysis was carried out for 62 Fire Engineering Reports (FERs) carried out by 18 different consultant companies in Australia. The reports were selected at random. The approaches, acceptance criteria and verification methods were recorded for Alternative Solutions contained within these reports. The analysis shows that the majority of...
Conference Paper
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Modeling to predict flame spread and fire growth is an active area of research in Fire Safety Engineering. A significant limitation to current approaches has been the lack of thermophysical material properties necessary for the simplified pyrolysis models embedded within the models. Researchers have worked to derive physical properties such as dens...
Conference Paper
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TRANSFEU (Transport Fire Safety Engineering in the European Union) is an European Research project founded by 7th Framework Program, in April 2009 for 42 months. The project consortium is made up of 21 Europeans partners including railway manufacturers, railway operators, fire laboratories and standardizations regulation bodies. On one hand, TRANSF...
Conference Paper
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With the development of Fire Safety Engineering and Performance-based regulation in transportation and building codes, the capability of models allows toxicity assessment. As traditionally made with heat release, design scenarios can be defined for toxicity and introduced in models. The main difference is that the source term associated depends on...
Article
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In response to the call for the development of risk informed, performance-based building fire regulations, a literature review was conducted to link the traditional safety factor approach in fire safety engineering to failure probability. It can be demonstrated that a safety factor alone is an insufficient measure, or is only a first-order measure...
Article
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VTT Working Papers 139 For construction design fire safety is one of the key requirements. Fire loads, which define the possible fires that can occur, need to be known both in magnitude and quality. This report describes design fires appropriate for use in Fire Safety Engineering (FSE) design in general and thus applicable also for building with wo...
Article
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This paper promotes a discussion about evacuation models and their relation with evacuation processes. For this reason, the question “quo vadimus” (i.e., from Latin: where are we going to?) intends to initiate this discussion. Therefore, a brief overview of the importance of the evacuation modelling analysis within the Fire Safety Engineering (FSE)...
Technical Report
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During 2008-2009 researchers at TKK working in cooperation with German and Norwegian partners realised the research project titled Timberbased element systems for improving the energy efficiency of the building envelope (TES Energy Façade). The goal was to develop a façade renovation method based on large scale, timber based elements for substantia...
Article
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The phenomenon of backdraft is closely linked to the formation of a flammable region due to the mixing process between the unburnt gases accumulated in the compartment and the fresh air entering the compartment through a recently created opening. The flow of incoming fresh air is called the gravity current. Gravity current prior to backdraft has al...
Technical Report
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This report investigates and gathers the requirements and possibilities, studies the building physics of energetic, wood based element façade renovations in Finland. The report consists of articles on existing gathered knowledge and experience of facade renovation art in Finland including following themes: · state-of-the-art and a comparison of F...
Article
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This paper builds on assumptions and findings from a second paper presented at the same conference, and focuses on the structural analysis of steel structures under fire loading. The use of analysis with thermo-plastic materials and with geometric nonlinearities and the modelling of the fire action using parametric curves, allow the faithful evalua...