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Publications related to Fire Resistance (10,000)
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Poster
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Dear Colleagues, The use of wood and wood-based composites has considerably increased in many industries, such as building, marine, furniture, and packaging due to their significant advantages, such as environmental friendliness, sustainability and recycling, low cost, low production and processing of energy, low carbon footprint, high strength in...
Article
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In recent years, non-wovens have become the main segment of textile production because they can find applications in different areas. Thermal insulation properties, fire resistance, and flexibility make them cost-effective and efficient insulation panels for buildings. This paper aims to study the influence of the production method and surface trea...
Article
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Background The dominant species of Florida oak-saw palmetto scrub sprout after burning from belowground rhizomes or fire-resistant aboveground buds with rapid reestablishment of cover. Responses to single fires are well documented; however, responses to repeated fires may differ. Fire return intervals, differences among sites, and species may influ...
Article
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In this work, AlCl3-chitosan composite aerogels incorporating polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and bentonite clay were synthesized by a freeze-drying technique based on the chemical cross-linking between AlCl3 and chitosan and physical interaction among chitosan, PVA and bentonite. The microstructure, mechanical and thermal properties of the as-prepared AlC...
Article
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Polyurethane (PU) composites integrated with outstanding fire retardancy, smoke suppression as well as ameliorated mechanical property is attractive, but remains a challenge. Here, we demonstrate the interfacial architecting of organic-inorganic hybrid (ACAPP) by reacting renewable chitooligosaccharide (COS) with ammonium polyphosphate (APP) and am...
Article
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Land management legacies coupled with climate change have led to shifts in western ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa) forest structure and fire regimes. A growing body of evidence suggests that under increasing area burned at high-severity, warming and drought, ponderosa pine forests are vulnerable to conversion to alternate forest types or non-fores...
Article
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Many studies have been carried out for understanding the mechanism of failure of RC structural systems under varying temperature circumstances. Similarly, several methods have been developed for improving the fire resistance of concrete buildings, with respect to material selection and detailing aspects. However, only some of the researchers have c...
Article
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Context Several plant traits are associated with resistance to fire, thus fire-resistant species may give rise to more fire-resistant landscapes. However, up-scaling from plant traits to landscape- and regional-scale fire effects remains a challenge. Objectives We test two hypotheses: (1) forests composed of fire-resistant species experience low...
Article
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Ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC) is vulnerable to high temperature-induced damage due to its dense microstructure. To mitigate thermal damage of UHPC, this study develops synergistic flame-retardant polymer (SFRP) fibres by introducing organic-metallic fillers and experimentally investigates the thermal properties, compressive behaviour, and...
Article
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Self-Compacting Concrete (SCC) is a green construction material widely used in the construction industry. While normal weight concrete has notable performance under fire conditions, the open literature continues to lack works examining the structural fire performance of SCC elements. Intending to bridge this knowledge gap, the present study aims to...
Conference Paper
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Recently in Brazil, the Structural Masonry Study Commission ABNT/CE-002: 123.010 has considered the importance of an official Brazilian standard with the calculation conditions for the reality of Brazilian materials. Currently, the fourth part of the standard is being written regarding structural safety in firefighting. Due to the lack of Brazilian...
Article
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Sustainability refers to the ability to be used without being used up or destroyed; methods that do not completely use up or destroy natural resources; able to last for a very long time (Merriam Webster). Generally, there are three pillars of sustainability, economic, environmental, and social, which are informally referred to as profits, planet, a...
Article
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Low density, fire resistance and good thermal insulation properties of lightweight aggregate concrete (LWAC) have drawn the attention of engineers and researchers for its widespread application. However, the LWAC still found limited application in the construction industry. For conventional application of LWAC, knowledge of different attributes of...
Article
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Flammability is a great challenge in the fields of electronics. The emergence of triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) provides a safe way to harvest environmentalally friendly energy and convert it into more secure power sources. Especially, polymer‐based TENGs significantly accelerate the practical application of self‐powered flexible electronics....
Article
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Steel fibers are widely used because they can effectively improve the tensile, compressive and flexural properties of concrete structures. The selection of steel fiber dosage and aspect ratio at high temperature has an important impact on the flexural toughness of concrete components post-fire. In this paper, discussions are made on the simulated f...
Article
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Cement production produces more CO2 released into the environment, worsening global warming. Certainly, a more sustainable approach and a thorough investigation of the conventional concrete alternatives have thus become necessary. Geopolymer materials possess comparable or higher durability and strength than concrete-based ordinary materials and ha...
Article
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Reinforced concrete (RC) structures could suffer from the combined action of fires, earthquakes, and other loads during their life cycle; more importantly, coupled disasters lead to further deterioration and damage to structural performance. This paper investigated the multiple performances and distinguished the safe working conditions of the RC co...
Conference Paper
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The increase in demand for wood-based building materials has a negative impact on the sustainable use of forest resources. Therefore, the study of the use of agricultural waste in the production of particle boards is becoming increasingly popular. Rubber seed endocarp and rice husk are agricultural wastes that have no significant industrial use. Th...
Technical Report
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The project included local combustion of 24 beams with structural dimensions made of wood-CFRP composite (BSH-CFRP) and glue laminated timber (BSH) under a constant load, in a three-point bending, in the most loaded cross-section – in the middle of the beam. The effort of each sample was 90% of the GL24h wood bending strength. According to the calc...
Article
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Thermal insulation is an efficient solution to reduce energy consumption. A great way to reduce the energy consumption of a building is the use of thermal insulation bricks which provide fire resistance and a remarkable thermal capacity, which make them a unique building material for energy efficient buildings. In this study, a fine grain size of e...
Article
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The present work is intended to study the behaviour of cellular steel beam (CSB) under the ISO834 fire for three and four-sided exposure conditions. The finite element-based thermo-mechanical analysis is carried out to predict the behaviour of CSB under fire. The present study considers the transient temperature effect, and the geometrical and mate...
Article
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A new type of steel–concrete–steel composite structure was adopted and widely used in the immersed tunnel of the Shenzhen–Zhongshan access. The research on the mechanical behavior of the new composite structure under a high temperature of fire is of great engineering significance to the fire protection design of the structure. Both the model test a...
Article
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The review article presents an analysis of the properties of epoxy and thermosetting resin composites containing eugenol derivatives. Moreover, eugenol properties were characterized using thermogravimeters (TGA) and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The aim of this work was to determine the possibility of using eugenol derivatives in...
Article
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The construction industry’s high demand for natural resources, combined with the waste generated by agriculture, creates an opportunity for the circular economy. This experiment used the CaCO3 found in scallop shells as an ingredient for the manufacture of fire-resistant materials, replacing gypsum in compositions of 40% and 50% by weight. The mech...
Article
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Due to the superior properties of concrete, structural members made of concrete often satisfy fire requirements specified in codes and standards without special installations or the use of external insulation. A closer examination into fire codal provisions shows that they are primarily founded for new constructions or that which does not suffer fr...
Article
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Many reasons such as the Industrial Revolution and the need for rapid building production after the Second World War have led to an acceleration of developments in the construction sector and new construction systems have emerged. These construction systems have brought forth the need for new facade designs. Prefabricated facade panels designed wit...
Article
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Investigations into the fire resistance of high-strength concrete (HSC) is extremely important to optimize structural design in construction engineering. This work describes the influence of polypropylene fibers on the mechanical properties and durability of HSC at high temperatures (25, 100, 200, 400, 600 and 800 °C). HSC specimens with 2 kg/m 3 c...
Article
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In this study, the safe critical temperature that can be tolerated by CFRP tendons under normal working conditions was derived through tensile tests at room and high temperatures. Next, the times required to reach a safe critical temperature for CFRP cables protected with different types of fire-retardant materials of various thicknesses were deter...
Article
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Fire has been a scourge of society for a very long time due to its impact on the human and economic aspects. Fire resistance is a characteristic of concrete buildings, and residential buildings made of concrete are often subject to fire. Fire causes serious damage to the concrete members, which may require substantial demolition. High temperatures...
Article
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Due to the present significant need to repair and maintain our buildings and the building repair sector’s minimal experience in special structural elements, we here describe a study on the repair of ceramic violin joist slabs in an actual intervention on a building erected in the 1950s that had been unsuccessfully repaired several times. Due to dam...
Article
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Acrylamide-methacrylic acid copolymer named P (AM-co-MAA) was synthesized via aqueous solution polymerization, and then mixed with crosslinker, flame retardants and initiators to prepare multifunctional transparent flame-retarded hydrogels with transparency, fire resistance and anti-ageing property. The results show that the application of multifun...
Article
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A bamboo scrimber (BS) is a useful engineering biomass composite that has been utilized in the construction and building fields. In this study, bamboo bundles and glass fiber (GF) layers with various thicknesses are selected to fabricate a strong, durable, and fire-resistant glass fiber-reinforced bamboo scrimber (GF-BS). The mechanical properties,...
Article
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Climate change is forcing shifts in wildfire regimes, altering post-fire processes, and threatening the persistence of species and ecosystems. Key to assessing the potential for post-fire conversion to an alternate vegetation type is understanding drivers of burn severity, which in turn influence the material legacies that determine post-fire recov...
Article
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The interaction effects between climate and fire regime in controlling the type of vegetation and species composition is well established among the Earth’s biomes. Climate and the associated fire regime are never stable for long, and annual temperatures, atmospheric carbon dioxide and oxygen levels and burn probability have varied radically over th...
Article
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The tubed-reinforced-concrete (TRC) column is an innovative type of steel-concrete composite column that is gaining increasing engineering usage, and structural fire performance should be an important consideration of its design. As affected by the adjacent members and beam-to-column joints, the fire behaviour of TRC columns integrated into a frame...
Article
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Light steel frame (LSF) building systems offer high structural resilience, lower costs due to fast prefabrication, and high ability to recycle and reuse. The main goal of this paper was to provide state-of-the-art main components for such systems with the intention to be implemented for use in nearly-zero energy buildings (NZEBs). A brief historica...
Article
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The roof is defined as the uppermost part of the building, provided as a structural covering to protect building from weather, thermal insulation, fire resistance and sound insulation. The traditional Mangaluru tile is used as the roofing tile and production of tile leads to excessive consumption of wood or coal for generation of heat which directl...
Article
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This paper reports the analysis of compositions for fire protection of wood that established that there are not enough data to explain and describe the process of fire protection and, accordingly, the fire-hazardous properties of wood, in order to protect people. The development and research of a set of properties of fire-resistant materials leads...
Article
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Geopolymer-bonded fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) microbar is an emerging strengthening system for concrete structures, owing to the excellent geopolymer/concrete bond and the superior moisture and fire resistance of geopolymer matrix (compared to organic bonding adhesives). To apply this strengthening system, the bond performance between FRP microb...
Article
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This study conducted a comprehensive characterization and analyses on the fire-resistant behaviors of novel fungal fibers grown with substrate containing Silica (Si) source at multiple scales. At micro-scale, the results of SEM showed that silica affected the physiological activities of fungi, with the extent of effects depending upon its concentra...
Article
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This paper introduces CLEMSON, an automated machine learning (AutoML) virtual assistant (VA) that enables engineers to carry acCeLErated, siMulation-free, tranSparent, reduced-Order, and infereNce-based fire resistance analysis with ease. This VA learns from physical observations taken from real fire tests to bypass bottlenecks and ab initio calcul...
Article
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The paper assessed the impact of the heat treatment of spruce wood, the (radial and tangential) side of the specimens exposed to fire, and the type of material (prism—higher density, floor—lower density) on the combustion process and the rate of fire spread. Five groups of specimens were used—untreated spruce wood specimens, two groups of heat-trea...
Article
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The paper presents an investigation on a timber joint with an inserted steel plate under fire exposure. According to standard EN 1995-1-2 (2004), the fire resistance of unprotected timber joints is limited to 30 min. However, several studies have shown that these joints can achieve higher fire resistance comparing to values given in the standard. I...
Article
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In the process of computer modeling the formation of a charred layer in wood materials, it is important to implement the correct material data. In thermal analysis, there exist two different approaches of implementation: the temperature-dependent material data properties, heat capacity approach and enthalpy approach, which is not commonly used but...
Article
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Considering the hazard of wood fire is one of the major cataclysms in nature, an effective way to prevent the loss of wood fire should be studied, such as fire-resistant materials. In this work, a novel silica foam with controllable gelation time was developed and tested for its fire-retardant effect and mechanism on wood. The optimum formula is 0....
Preprint
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Geopolymer concrete (GPC) generally has very good fire resistance and is considered as an environmentally friendly alternative to ordinary Portland cement (OPC) concrete. However, research on geopolymer concrete-filled steel tubular columns (GCFST) is still very scarce. Accordingly, sixteen circular GCFST specimens made with GPC and carbon steel we...
Article
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Salient features of lightweight aggregate concrete (LAC) include noticeable fire resistance, high strength-to-weight ratio, and low magnitude of dead loads. Further, LAC has a low cost, eases construction practices, and possesses an environment-friendly nature. On the downside, LAC has substandard mechanical properties in comparison to normal aggre...
Conference Paper
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This study was conducted to investigate the potential of plant fibres as the substitution for asbestos in roof ceilings. Samples of the ceiling made of respective agro-waste fibres (coir husk, dried hay and rice straw) were prepared. The testing of water and fire resistance, bending, and hardness properties were carried out accordingly. Experimenta...
Article
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This study aims to analyze the mechanical properties of fabricated multistory and high-rise steel structures and steel beam-column joints after fire. Considering that the steel structure building has the characteristics of good seismic resistance, flexible structural layout, short construction period, and good safety, first, the thermal and mechani...
Thesis
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Wildland fire behavior is a dynamic process controlled by complex interactions among fuels, weather, and topography. There is significant need to better understand the role of fuels and, particularly, complex arrangements of fuels, on potential fire behavior and effects as a there is a growing emphasis on forest treatments that emulate the heteroge...
Article
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The interest of researchers in UHPC has increased over the past decade. It is crucial to understand the structural behavior of reinforced UHPC (R/UHPC) components under various loading conditions before they can be used as a replacement for conventional concrete. Although several studies on ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC) have been conducted...
Article
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This paper presents a review on the industrial applications and properties of fiber reinforced and other polymeric composites. Composites have been discovered to be the most promising and discriminating material available in this century. Composites reinforced with fibers of synthetic or natural materials are becoming increasingly popular as the de...
Article
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A potential multi-hazard scenario for buildings is the sequential occurrence of fire and earthquake. This scenario is possible if an initial seismic event triggers fire and a subsequent aftershock occurs. To study the post-fire seismic performance, a numerical study is presented on a two-story self-centering steel plate shear wall. This system cons...
Chapter
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Forest fires have become one of the most talked-about topics both in Turkey and around the world in recent years. The forest fires that took place in Turkey in 2021 have caused so much damage that they cannot be compared with the fires in previous years. Between 2009 and 2020, an average of 2,497 fires broke out each year and affected an average of...
Article
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Wildfire is the most common disturbance type in boreal forests and can trigger significant changes in forest composition. Waterlogging in peatlands determines the degree of tree cover and the depth of the burnt horizon associated with wildfires. However, interactions between peatland moisture, vegetation composition and flammability, and fire regim...
Article
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Introduction. The purpose of this work is to obtain experimental data on the numerical dependence between the strength characteristics of the most widely used grades of rolled structural metal products (including those featuring high heat resistance) and a critical increase in temperature. Materials and methods. As the subject of research we used s...
Article
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Geopolymer is a new type of synthesized aluminosilicate material. Compared with ordinary Portland cement, it has better fire resistance and durability, and is more environmentally friendly. In this paper, a high-strength metakaolin-based geopolymer composite (HMGC) has been developed by utilizing quartz powder and steel fibers. The optimization com...
Article
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Many studies and observations of large building fires show that in large compartments, fires do not burn uniformly. Rather, fires will burn locally and move across a floor plate as fuel is consumed. Currently fire engineering practice assumes uniformly burning fires within a compartment and the fire design methodologies are based upon small compart...
Article
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Fire protection of steel structures is playing an increasingly important role nowadays. The fire protection of steel structures can be solved with intumescent paint, mortar, fire protection coating and concrete coating. Several fire tests have been performed to check these solutions. Combined structures, which consist of insulation material and fir...