Science topics: Feminization
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Feminization - Science topic

Feminization is a development of female secondary SEX CHARACTERISTICS in the MALE. It is due to the effects of estrogenic metabolites of precursors from endogenous or exogenous sources, such as ADRENAL GLANDS or therapeutic drugs.
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The discussion is directed to all scholars and readers interested in Mary Wollstonecraft's thought, in particular, and in all questions regarding feminism, in general. The document attached to this discussion proposal is my own PDF-Version of the text which was published in the book "The Return of Ethics and Spirituality in Global Development", edited by Mahmoud Masaeli & Rico Sneller, Gompel&Svacina, Oud-Turnhout, Belgium / ’s Hertogenbosch, the Netherlands, 2020. I refer to the printed version for the exact format of the chapter and for the exact number of pages. In my paper, I am going to present some of Mary Wollstonecraft's ideas on education, reason, independence, and theological reform. I am going to focus on Mary Wollstonecraft's strategy of unmasking every form of domination which lies behind the traditional organization of society, such as behind traditional methods of education, behind traditional theological ideas, and behind traditional forms of worship in her time. Her strategy of unmasking forms of domination paves the way for her revolutionary programme. Mary Wollstonecraft's programme of revolution consists in a profound reform of the system and of the contents of education for women. She aims at showing that all traditional forms of education only correspond to the intention of relegating women to an inferior level in comparison to the level assigned to men. It is education that condemns all women to a position of dependence, of inferiority, and of submission in society. As a result of the change in the system of education for women, women will regain their own dignity. This will be the first step towards changing society as a whole; every effective process of societal change must begin with education programmes. Reason, virtue, and knowledge are, in Mary Wollstonecraft's view, the principles that should direct the life of individuals and inspire the laws of society; every aspect of the individual and of social life should respect the standards dictated by reason.
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Dear Professor Ahmed T. Hussein ,
I thank you very much for your message and your information, which I am reading now with great attention.
Yours sincerely,
Gianluigi Segalerba
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I have a project to work on interdisciplinary studies concerning literature and cross-cultural studies combined with feminism and the representation of influential female figures. Thus, I am twinning anthropology and literature. Many suggestions for books or the critical concept of cross-cultural studies concerning issues of feminism. Also, who are the most influential theorists or critics in this domain?
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You may look at these;
1. Adu-Poku, S. (2001). Envisioning (black) male feminism: A cross-cultural perspective. Journal of Gender Studies, 10(2), 157-167.
2. Rosaldo, M. Z. (1980). The use and abuse of anthropology: reflections on feminism and cross-cultural understanding. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 5(3), 389-417.
3. Harper-Dorton, K. V., & Lantz, J. (2007). Cross-cultural practice: Social work with diverse populations. Lyceum Books.
4.Schueller, M. J. (2011). Cross-cultural identification, neoliberal feminism, and Afghan women. Genders, (53).
5.Chen, C. N., Lai, M., & Tarn, D. D. (1999). Feminism orientation, product attributes and husband-wife decision dominance: A Taiwan-Japan cross-cultural study. Journal of Global Marketing, 12(3), 23-39.
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Any one can help me in getting an objective way to measure the parent satisfaction with the outcome of surgical correction for patients with ambiguous genitalia ? The patients are female with congenital adrenal hyperplasia underwent a single stage feminizing genitoplasty and I want to assess parental satisfaction with the outcome of surgery.
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Are you going to check only this case or you are going to conduct study ?
there are different tools , that you can adjust to your need ,one of these is :
The HCAHPS Survey is composed of 27 items: 18 substantive items that encompass critical aspects of the hospital experience (communication with doctors, communication with nurses, responsiveness of hospital staff, cleanliness of the hospital environment, quietness of the hospital environment, pain management, ..
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I am currently reading about Islamic feminism. I have come across various interesting works such as Moghadam (2001), Treacher (2003), Marshal (2008) and I would love to read more seminal work about the topic.
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Try Leila Abouzeid, Leila Ahmed, Lila Abu-Lughod, Asma Barlas, and Homa Hoodfar! Wishing you the best of luck!
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Hi everyone. I'm trying to write my 3rd year undergraduate dissertation and I want to analyze an ad campaign from a brand that launched 4 commercials that are less-than-two-minute to investigate how gender is interpreted in advertising and whether the commodification of feminism can still be empowering. I feel quite inexperienced if we talk about typical research methods and approaches, therefore what would you suggest me to do? My research will definitively take a qualitative approach, however I'm not so sure if I can apply semiotics on videos and if visual analysis means the same thing as semiotics, or if I should apply other type of analysis (e.g. textual), or mix two types of analyses. What would most advertisements use if I were to analyze the message of the campaign, the image, the background, and relate everything to current social-political times?
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Hello Adelina. Jinan F. B. Al-Hajaj 's answer has great insight to the differences underlying your question. From my perspective, really you are proposing two sorts of different requests for advice. The first one - whether semiotics is appropriate - is well-answered by Jinan. In short, of course you can use semiotics, but the real question is if you are really interested in the semiotics. Questions along this line would be somethings along the line of "(1) what does gender seem to mean in advertising," and "(2) how does it get that way?" You would track down, through your videos, the different content that triggers readings of gender, and the "meaning" behind it. If you are interested in this question, the American Journal of Semiotics vol. 34 addresses these questions directly (incl. brand building, visual semiotics). You can find the volume here: https://www.pdcnet.org/collection-anonymous/browse?fp=ajs&fq=ajs%2FYear%2F6982%7C2018%2F
The second underlying question, if you are more interested in what sort of content appears in the videos, and what the videos seem to include as content in dealing with gender in advertising, you have a shorter 'trek' to make. Again, Jinan F. B. Al-Hajaj 's answer is totally spot-on here, and simple content analysis/descriptive work will serve you well, with attention to multimodal resources the videos tend to utilize. This route really becomes up to your discretion for what content you want to highlight, and what constructs you connect them with.
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Feminism is a movement and process of advancing women's rights as they were once viewed lower class citizen. Women's empowerment is part of the process of advancing the rights of women.
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I'd add that today's feminism - at least as it is visible on social media - is understood as not just including women, but rather deconstructing the notion of womanhood and paying close attention to other axes of discrimination such as race, class or non-cis and non-binary gender identity. I think this deconstructive and intersectional approach is specific to feminism rather than to women's empowerment.
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The question discusses how architecture deals with feminism in terms of human history, through the time of Greek civilization, forms of columns, and the appearance of the Christian religion, in addition, is this still continuing? or it had became a past.
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Thank you for your participation
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From my point of view, although many people think this violence is just like another, it should be considered as gender-based violence because it has only affected women for a lot of years by the simple fact that we are women. Women throughout history have been abused, we have received insults, we have had to ask for permission only because we are women and we have had to endure thousands of situations that have made us feel inferior for thousands years. That is why it is totally fair to speak of a different violence, which only affects us because we were born as women, and for this reason feminism is so necessary.
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Yes. I agree with your argument. It is still a very common practice in suburban and rural India. though it can be seen in even metropolitan cities if an extensive survey is conducted. You are absolutely right.
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feminism is a movement that started before and will eventually progress
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Nowadays there are so many movements, such as metoo, and lgbt rights; accordingly in my opinion, all of these movements will continue to advance...the question is up until when? Is there a limit to request attention? Maybe social networks have given the egos some center position and the original objectives have gotten a little confused, a little lost. The only proper request is to obtain equal rights, a fair treatment of the justice, equal opportiny employment and good access to health and education...the rest i do not know if it is a bit blurred. Where is society going nowadays? artificial intelligence, mothers and fathers working, who will educate the next generation of children? what values to educate them with...these are questions also to be resolved, in or outside the move of feminism. Human being is something to talk about also... and there is a need for a move requesting attention and rights for human beings... that cover also women...because the planet is in danger with all species in it including females.
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Today there are many cases of violations in the media daily. I have attended many talks about feminism and give data from a company dedicated to statistics where the number of violations decreases. However, the media tell us otherwise because we do not stop seeing daily violations that occur anywhere in the world. Is it true that the number of violations is decreasing or nevertheless increasing?
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Fron my point of view, there aren´t more violations but women today report more than before this type of situations.
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People often think that feminism in literature is limited to both male and female writers who defend women in the society. However, they fail to realize that the first generation of romantic writers were French female romantics such as Germaine de Stael and George Sand, a female who used a male pseudonym to write in 19th century. Les Miserables of Victor Hugo and Notre Dame de Paris were two works that portray female characters positively. Even Stendhal's Madame Bovary, a realist-romantic novel is another example. So, one can say affirmatively that the romantics were the first feminists. Let modern feminists critics and writers take note otherwise there would be a vacuum in knowledge being dispatched.
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In my eyes you make four major mistakes: 1. The romantics were not at all the "first" feminists. There have been thinkers long before romanticism, who pleaded for equal rights of women and men; the idea of equal rights of both sexes is said to be expressed by Averroes (Ibn Rushd) for the first time in Europe. In China, the most prominent political claim of emancipation was the takeover of power by Wu Zetian. When you are talking about modernity only, you should consider Olympe de Gouges as a crucial figure of feminist history. 2. You are confusing novels, that deal with female protagonists, like Flauberts masterpiece Madame Bovary with a feminist struggle. Flaubert clearly was a sexist. Hugos Notre Dame doesn't deal with feminism at all. 3. You are confusing being a woman and a writer with being a feminist: There are a lot of anti-feminists among female writers. 4. Feminist critics do know all this. There's no vacuum in knowledge.
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The development of civilization goes hand in hand with the development of thought. Has gender discourse attained its peak in feminism or will we surely have some other higher level of thought in gender discourse after the Age of Feminism? I think we will. Your views are welcome.
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Articulate from your positioning..disconnect from global north
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Post-modern architecture presented many paradigms including feminism. I like to know can this paradigm influence architectural design act and then communication and interpretation.
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Following
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I do my aforesaid research on by applying both Marxist/Social and Liberal feminist theories. So, I need to get any suggestions/ ideas in this area.
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Relative to human rights, the physical constructal law is a good starting point:
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Many gender or feminist journals are pro-feminist and decline to publish essays that treat gender relations without supporting feminism or which place significant emphasis on the protection and promotion of family rather than on feminist values. It has taken months of searching and I haven't located any, which has led to a rejection of my article by a handful of journals on the grounds that my essay is outside their scope.
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Your suggestion is worth a try. I am checking out some other journals. As soon as that fails (I hope not), I check it out. Thanks.
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How do you describe the role f axiology- the role of values in the creation of knowledge? From positivism, construction, and feminism, what do you believe how real is the real what people believe to be real in their social lives! The creation of knowledge without the role of values and with the values driving the creation of knowledge, how this creation constructs the people maps of the world!
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pragmatism should be a good position. to understand each position and to use it for what it is worth - what it can contribute.
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Desiring to increase my knowledge about the history of feminism.
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It depends on what you mean by “feminist”:
I would say the first feminist was Christine de Pizan, a 15th-century French writer who advocated for equality in society for men and women. She was particularly keen on giving women equal access to education.
Now the first person to argue that women should have the right to vote was Marquis Nicolas de Condorcet (1743–1794), who was a French philsopher during the Enlightenment.
Best Regards Esma Biroglu
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I need to know about Shakespeare's opinion about women because I am interested in feminism and I want to know on which side Shakespeare was ?
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For me, Shakespeare's world did not inhabit any such bias, he dealt with specific social, human, interpersonal and personal problems and these loomed large; their outworking in his works was also complex. In most of his works, it was clear that men and women were villains, and he so depicted them, Macbeth, Anthony and Cleopatra etc. The biases in his works were the social biases of his day and his portrayals particularly because they were based mainly on the ruling elite's life conflicts depicted the social order and cultural environment of his time as they were. He queried a few hegemonies though (The Tempest). He was not a utopian artist and as such grounded his works on the existent social relations of his day.
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the Feminization of Migration Which is the recent tendency of Mexican Migration to the United States?
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Some pulications I came across when writing on migration, but not with emphasis on Mexican - US migration. Most of the papers I have in hardcopies and could scan them, but it should be possible to get them easily....
Katharine M. Donato
A dynamic view of Mexican migration to the United States
Springer-Verlag
Gender Issues
Year:1999
Month:12
Volume:17
Issue:1
First page:52
Last page:75
Ivan Light; Elsa Von Scheven
Mexican Migration Networks in the United States, 1980–2000
Wiley Blackwell (Blackwell Publishing)
International Migration Review
Year:2008
Month:
Day:
Volume:42
Issue:3
First page:704
Last page:728
Stephen T. Fairchild; Nicole B. Simpson
Mexican Migration to the United States Pacific Northwest
Springer (Kluwer Academic Publishers)
Population Research and Policy Review
Year:2004
Month:06
Day:
Volume:23
Issue:3
First page:219
Last page:234
Jorge Durand and Douglas S. Massey
Mexican Migration to the United States: A Critical Review
JSTOR
Latin American Research Review
Year:1992
Month:
Day:
Volume:27
Issue:2
First page:3
Last page:42
Jorge Durand and Douglas S. Massey
Mexican Migration to the United States: A Critical Review
JSTOR
Latin American Research Review
Year:1992
Month:
Day:
Volume:27
Issue:2
First page:3
Last page:42
Zenteno, R.; Giorguli, S. E.; Gutierrez, E.
Mexican Adolescent Migration to the United States and Transitions to Adulthood
Sage Publications
The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
Year:2013
Month:07
Day:01
Volume:648
Issue:1
First page:18
Last page:37
Massey, Douglas S.; Gentsch, Kerstin
Undocumented Migration to the United States and the Wages of Mexican Immigrants
Wiley Blackwell (Blackwell Publishing)
International Migration Review
Year:2014
Month:06
Day:
Volume:48
Issue:2
First page:482
Last page:499
Hamilton, Erin R.; Savinar, Robin
Two Sources of Error in Data on Migration From Mexico to the United States in Mexican Household-Based Surveys
Springer-Verlag
Demography
Year:2015
Month:8
Day:
Volume:52
Issue:4
First page:1345
Last page:1355