Science topic

Feminism - Science topic

The theory of the political, economic, and social equality of the sexes and organized activity on behalf of women's rights and interests. (Webster New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)
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Dear friends
One thing I noted in academia is that competition can sometimes be just as fierce as in the world of business.
Sometimes it can be small and petty like who should be first author, often triggered by purely selfish reasons and following justifications.
In other cases competition can be about grands, effectively rendering someone unemployed in some cases. I have seen bullying, discrimination more frequently than in the world of business, the place I come from.
This is truly the dark side of academia, there are also positive things but these are things that make me sick to my stomach.
What is your experience? Do you agree with my rather dark view? If not, why? If yes, how can we fix it?
Best wishes Henrik
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A first offhand very general remark: Market rules and habits infiltrated into sciences tend to deform scientific explorations and divert individual efforts to some sort of racing competitions...
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So I have been thinking a lot about this lately. Are there grounds of similarities between African feminisms like Negofeminism, Stiwanism, Motherism among others and that of black women in the diaspora?
Anybody with any critical thoughts on this issue?
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Grateful, Joseph. I will surely read and revert.
Thanks
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I feel that Islamic Feminism has empowered women in Muslim majority countries.
Can you share your experiences and evidences of this as I feel the IF movement is one of the most vibrant and energetic in the whole world. Women's organizations have helped many empowerment agendas😊
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Absolutely
Islam empowers women, that to me is very clear
It is many other scholars who think Islam disempowers
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The issue of success and what is behind it as the very definition of is something that has been debated since the advent of man. If we approach the subject from a monetary view most scholars probably agree that the best predictors of success if we think in terms of hierarchies, whether it is a dominance or competence hierarchy , depending on which perspective you adopt is general cognitive ability and conscientiousness. Something I noted is that most researchers, especially psychologists underestimate the sociocultural aspects.
My question is that if you were to create a model, predicting success, which factors would you include? Can gender be a predictor? Race? Can we also approach the subject from a social constructionist standpoint? Perhaps biology? Would you look at the individual as an idiosyncratic being or would you expand your scope also to encompass culture and institutions?
What are your thoughts?
Best wishes Henrik
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Vadim S. Gorshkov I fully agree and to rephrase the question to encompass Russia is perfectly fine. So you think the issue of which structure we are born into matters more than the individual him or her self? Do you believe our reality is socially constructed? Interesting. You touched on the issue of strata and stratification, Perhaps being born into the right family can compensate for the lack of cognitive ability and conscientiousness .
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The topic is "Feminism and feminist approach to language".
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As for feminist approach to language, I always refer to Jennifer Coates: Language and Gender: A Reader & Women, Men and Language: A Sociolinguistic Account of Gender Differences in Language. I also refer to the brilliant Sara Mills:
Language and sexism
Language, Gender and Feminism: Theory, Methodology and Practice
Gender Matters: Feminist Linguistic Analysis
Feminist Stylistics
Wishing you the best!
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Feminist research methods incorporate the experiences of women and challenge the conventional notions of subjectivity and objectivity.
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In support of #DrBiden, I decided to use Dr in front of my name wherever possible. We gained our degrees and there is no shame about it!
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All of us who earned it are entitled to use it. That's our previlige. As opposed to the 45th Presidency the Biden administration is populated with highly qualified individuals. The first lady will have a significant impact like Michelle Obama did.
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Query for Academics and #PhD's! What are some of the most provocative or 'necessary texts' you have read crossing the topics of intersectional and posthumanist interpretations of justice? Which ones changed the way you thought about justice?
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Intersectionality is a theoretical framework for understanding how aspects of a person's social and political identities (e.g., gender, race, class, sexuality, ability, physical appearance, height, etc.) might combine to create unique modes of discrimination and privilege.
Posthumanism or post-humanism (meaning "after humanism" or "beyond humanism") is a term with at least seven definitions according to philosopher Francesca Ferrando: Antihumanism: any theory that is critical of traditional humanism and traditional ideas about humanity and the human condition.
Justice is a concept of due, containing the requirement of conformity of the act and retribution: in particular, the conformity of rights and duties, labor and remuneration, merit and their recognition, crime and punishment, the correspondence of the role of various social layers, groups and individuals in society and their social status in it. In economic science - the requirement of equality of citizens in the distribution of a limited resource. Lack of proper correspondence between these entities is assessed as injustice.
Regards,
Shafagat
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I am looking for scholarship exploring Rand's attitude towards feminism as expressed in her publications, novels and philosophy. I would also like to be referred to any feminist or anti-feminist work about Rand. 
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I am looking to find contemporary (2005 and onward) LGBTQ+ literature/texts (novels, poems, digital literature, correspondence, social media writers) by Ecuadorian writers (preferably LGBTQ+ too, but not a must), and/or academic articles that deal with the topic. Aside from a wikipedia page, I was not able to retrieve a lot of information. Has anybody here worked on this topic in the past?
Busco literatura/textos contemporáneos (2005 y adelante) escritotos por escritor@s ecuatorian@s -- que sean novelas, poemas, literatura digital, cartas, literatura en las redes sociales...). También busco artículos académicos que trabajan el tema de la literatura LGBTQ+ en el Ecuador de hoy en día. No encontré mucha información a parte de un sitio wikipedia. ?Alguién ha investigado esa temática y podría decirme por dónde empezar?
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You`re welcome!
pq
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Conozco a personas que se declaran feministas y votan a partidos políticos que no tienen medidas a favor de la mujer y no logro comprenderlo. Quiero saber vuestra opinión para llegar, o no, a verle algún sentido lógico a la cuestión.
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Hola,
No puedo decir que soy experta en el campo, pero me llamo la atención tu pregunta. Creo que si lo ves desde un punto de vista de creencias e ideologías, quizá sea difícil que vallan de la mano, pero considero que probablemente, factores ajenos al feminismo están guiando a estas personas a votar por determinados partidos políticos. Seria interesante indagar en cuales son estos factores que están siendo mas importantes que el feminismo. No se.. ¿Que piensas?
Quizá estos partidos políticos priorizan en la creación de empleos por decir un ejemplo.
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In medicine and labour law there are two widely accepted concepts. The first of them refers to the meaning of the work. Work is an activity, often regular and often done in exchange for a payment ("for a living").
The second concept refers to occupational disease, which refers to the pathology established by employment. This indicates a series of risk factors and working conditions that after a while end up generating a work-related illness.
In a large number of countries, the recognition of a work-related illness to a worker gives him access to a series of economic and welfare benefits. The above occurs after probationary processes where rating boards determine whether the origin of the pathology is due to occupational exposure or not.
However, in practice in occupational medicine we face that extra-labour risk factors - generally linked to home care activities such as washing, ironing, caring for older adults or children, etc. - are a criterion for qualifying as non-work diseases (usually musculoskeletal).
Are not activities associated with home care also a job? Why use these types of risk factors to ignore the occupational disease, especially in women?
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Yes..indeed a good point for us to examine both paid and paid work particularly among women with regard to diseases. However, I do think culture also plays a role in this aspect- as a lot of studies have pointed out that different risk factors might trigger different consequences for both men and women in relation to occupational diseases.
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The development of civilization goes hand in hand with the development of thought. Has gender discourse attained its peak in feminism or will we surely have some other higher level of thought in gender discourse after the Age of Feminism? I think we will. Your views are welcome.
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Articulate from your positioning..disconnect from global north
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I am starting my PhD and feel lost (hope I am not the only one!). I want to study a group of Brazilian migrant women and their identity and narratives as a woman. What it is like to be a migrant woman in the street, home and church. I believe much of their narratives reflect their cultural background (Brazil = machista, patriarchal society). However, it is hard to go through a theological lens (I am a theologian) instead of sociology (I do not have that expertise). Any help is more than welcomed!
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Dear Julie,
I would recommend that you take a closer look at a relatively new, and only seemingly paradoxical phenomenon of Christian Feminism (e.g. here: https://www.jstor.org/stable/27678158?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents). However, "theology" does not necessarily mean "Christian theology": if this is the case, perhaps a more focused study on Chicana studies could provide you with a good starting point (and potentially a good comparativist perspective) for your research on Brazilian migrant women. Finally, it would probably make sense to consult some of the Contributors to the following issue of the Review of International American Studies:
In general, I would very strongly recommend that you browse through the last three issues of the journal. It is available free of charge, all articles are Open Access.
Good luck!
Paweł Jędrzejko
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I am in search of any examples of organizations/institutions that have endorsed/adopted intersectional strategies/frameworks. Greatly appreciated would be any resources that answer the following questions: what principles, strategies, and best practices have they adopted/endorsed? To what end? How have these frameworks made institutional transformations (if at all)? How have these frameworks been analyzed (if at all), using what measures? Any and all examples/resources and knowledge of attempts, criticisms, and concerns of 'mainstreaming intersectionality' would be greatly appreciated.
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Thank you very much Michael. Two of these were not yet included in my bibliography and I suspect they will be of significant value to me.
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  • The United States has requested the extradition of WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange, after he was arrested at the Ecuadorean embassy in London. The Metropolitan police said the arrest was made on behalf of the US authorities.
  • Police were videoed forcibly removing Assange, from the Ecuadorian embassy, at around at around 10.50am. Police had been invited into the embassy by the Ecuadorian embassy where Assange had take refuge for almost seven years to avoid extradition to Sweden where authorities wanted to question him as part of a sexual assault investigation.
  • Assange is due to appear at Westminster magistrates court later on Thursday. He was being held on a warrant issued by the court when he skipped bail in 2012.
  • The president of Ecuador, Lenín Moreno said he secured guarantees from the UK that Assange would not face the death penalty or torture. Justifying the move handing him over to the British police, Moreno said: “In a sovereign decision Ecuador withdrew the asylum status to Julian Assange after his repeated violations to international conventions and daily-life- protocols.”
  • Elisabeth Massi Fritz, a lawyer for one of the two women who accused Assange, welcomed the arrest. The Swedish prosecution authority is expected to issue a statement later.
  • Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said Moscow hoped that Assange’s rights would not be violated. A spokeswoman for the foreign ministry accused the UK of strangling freedom.
  • The arrest was welcomed by the UK government. Foreign secretary, Jeremy Hunt, thanked Ecuador. “Julian Assange is no hero and no-one is above the law. He has hidden from the truth for years.” Home secretary Sajid Javid is due to update parliament later on Thursday.
  • Assange’s supporters have condemned the arrest. Rafael Correa, who was Ecuadorian president when Assange was granted asylum, accused his successor of treachery.
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"All roads lead to Rome," they used to say "All roads lead to the US" would be more like it today.
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It seems as if women's empowerment has been deprioritized with the focus on South Sudan's achievement of independence. Was S. Sudan's independence an inpediment to African Feminism?
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I am intrigued by this question as currently positioned within changing political contexts that seemingly are more open to debates about inequalities', social injustice, especially as applied to women. What are African Feminism,(s) who does it represent and how is resistance being organized? I am interested in Islamic Feminisms as new modes of resistance that are not aligned with the global north and coloniality...there is a great need to map out the contours of Africa Feminism's so it has an identity across different African states, it is connected to transnational networks globally, it can unite and build resistance......
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I'm writing my dissertation on the sociology of sexism in films, and I was wondering how I go about the ethics form?
I will analyse language and character developments, but it is obviously not like interviews where I have direct contact, so I was hoping someone could advice me on how to write about consent and such?
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I follow answers
best regards
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My line of research is entitled (at the moment) "Feminism as a social disruptive movement of the administered world, a critical analysis of the conditions in the constitution of a Fourth Wave of feminism". He structured the study process into three parts with corresponding chapters and that responds to the proposed study objectives.
The review of the extensive bibliographical production that I am doing for one of the Chapters of the Part I like to make a discussion. Among others, I worry
a) The masculinization of theoretical production in this field (both classical and postcolonial and critical) and what I identify as the "presence of patriarchal reason" in the same generation of "biased" visions of feminist contentious actions.
b) In addition to the above, the absence of consistent references to the feminist movement in this production as well as the scant references that are obtained about theoretical elaborations in this regard by women (and, specifically, feminist women).
c) References to the "contemporary novelty" of the feminist movement when it has already been disseminated and theorized that the feminist movement is "as old as the labor and union movement".
d) The difficulty in finding diverse and sufficient academic productions in which approaches and / or epistemological postures were considered for the study of the feminist movement.
e) The explanatory capacity (sufficiency and / or insufficiency) for the feminist movement of the categories of analysis containing the classical and critical extremes in the study of social movements, taking into account, in addition, their territorial concentration in very specific areas ( USA and Europe, mainly).
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I would like just to react towards one of the worries listed above. After the extensive bibliographical review you doubt, as I understood, "the "contemporary novelty" of the feminist movement when it has already been disseminated and theorised that the feminist movement is "as old as the labor and union movement". Well I think it is not very important how old the feminist movement is - it is rather important, towards which social problems/discriminations/exclusions directs its focus. As you probably know there is no one 'school' of feminist thinking and the whole development of feminist epistemology, proofs the maturity of theoretical standpoint. So feminist movement, fuelled by feminist thought, reacts towards new challenges and actually (eg in Poland) blends & act together often with other social movements (marxist, anti eviction movement defending tenants or lately KOD - committee of democracy defence). Additionally intersectional approach within feminist thought helps to built new 'sub - movements' which have major impact on social reality (another Polish example: feminist movement & organisations helping disabled people have merged in long political battle in 2017/18 to support carers - mainly mothers - of disable people). So I think the new social problems, forces old way of thinking and acting within (feminist) social movements into new way of acting and thinking. New (social and political) challenges combined with innovative methodological approaches (intersectionality) prevents feminist social movement from become a dated, old story/ies.
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  1. There appears to be an (alarming) increase in the number of female suicide terrorist attacks year on year. Understanding why women decide to follow such a path is complicated and influenced by society, culture, beliefs and gender issues. So how can counterterrorist strategie protect women and minimise the effects of this deadly tactic?
  2. Any suggested reading please?
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First, it would appear from CPOST data (above) that there is no necessary proportional increase in female suicide bombers, although there may a general increase in suicide terrorism. Second, why assume women do it for any different reason from men? Is there really a specific problem to be addressed?
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Some one requested a copy of the text 'State Feminism and Political Representation'', Sept 2007, Perspectives on Politics.
Research Gate has listed me as the author.
But I wrote no article with this title, nor have I ever published in this journal. Moreover, this isn't the first time this has happened.
I apologize to the people who want a full text. It isn't my article
Jill Vickers
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Use the help option below your profile page. Type your concerns and it will be rectified before 24 hours. Best regards
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I'm looking for specific novels to include in a chapter on my PhD thesis, and am trying to circumvent my wild goose chase. The novels should fulfil all (if possible) or as many of the criteria below:
  • published post-1980
  • written by a woman
  • British colonial context - thematically in the text or biographically outside the text
  • Thematically concerned with London (if only partially)
No suggestion is too obvious: please make any recommendations you can think of. If you can make clear which criteria they fulfil, that would be really useful.
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Ilavenil Meena Kandasamy is a poet, fiction writer, activist and currently one of India’s boldest and most badass young voices. Most of her works are centered on feminism and the Caste Annihilation Movement of the contemporary Indian milieu. She holds a PhD in Socio linguistics and has published two anthology of poems, “Touch” and “Ms Militancy”, and a novel “The Gypsy Goddess”. Her most recent work -“When I Hit You Or A Portrait Of The Writer As A Young Wife” is a dazzling and provocative novel of an abusive marriage.
,
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Actually , I have gone through the previous research based on housewifery in the context of world and India. I have found out a particular trend. With the help of shifting paradigm of feminism, the trend in the context of world can be justified easily but In context of India, justification has not been found properly. As it is a literature based work, kindly suggest me the method by which I can find out the justification of this trend in context of India.
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In the problem of feminism there are semantic foundations that should dominate over secondary postulates. Fundamentals of feminism are mutual love, repentance, respect, tolerance, caring for the offspring. The same basis should be the core of the life of men. Only a woman gives birth to children, which is the basis for the continuation of life. This manifestation of virtue is a priority for women. The family and society must create all conditions to ensure the procreation, upbringing and education of children. I repeat. In the problem of feminism there are semantic foundations that should dominate over secondary postulates, which are constantly the subject of pseudo-discussions, disputes, lawsuits, demonstrations, revolutions ... There are exceptions to this problem, when individual women refuse to follow the basic postulates and spiritual values ​​of feminism. Let it be. Life is diverse. But such exceptions only emphasize the semantic basis of feminism.
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Antinatalism is a philosophical position that assigns a negative value to birth, standing in opposition to natalism. there are interesting correlations between Antinatalism/natalism feminism/masculinism and Islamophobia. what studies have been done to clarify these functions of multigenerational mass psychology? in what country's are the negative effects of antinatlaist  most strongly felt? in what ways have natalist views been suppressed? what information can be found in big data to reveal the connection between Antinatalism feminism and Islamophobia?
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 dear respected researchers, 
Reproductive freedom is often confused with the right to engage in the deliberate termination of a human pregnancy. other issues related to this include the right to use of Contraceptive methods such as Hormonal methods,  Barrier methods,  IUDs, contraceptive implants, and abstinence. the right not to engage in Reproduction is an important function of a health society. 
"The superior power of population cannot be checked without producing misery or vice." Thomas Robert Malthus. 
Antinatalism, or anti-natalism, is a philosophical stance that assigns a negative value to birth.
the practice of Islam assigns a positive value to birth.
"And certainly did We create man from an extract of clay. Then We placed him as a sperm-drop in a firm lodging. Then We made the sperm-drop into a clinging clot, and We made the clot into a lump [of flesh], and We made [from] the lump, bones, and We covered the bones with flesh; then We developed him into another creation. So blessed is Allah, the best of creators." SAHIH INTERNATIONAL translation Qur'an
it is not beneficial to force a woman to engage in reproduction, nor would it be appropriate to bar a man from seeking to engage in reproduction.
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What I'm looking for is similarities between the two texts because as I read both of them, I cannot find a answer except for feminism but in the back of my mind I know it is more than feminism.
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The Conceptual Practices of Power and the Black Feminist Epistemology
Image showing black women, in their own words and stories of life, matches that presented Joyce Ladner: One of the main features that define the black woman is [realistic approach] their [own] resources. Rather than resign himself to his fate, this has always sought creative solutions to their problems. The ability to use the resources at your fingertips and still maintain the determination to combat racist society, overtly or subtly as needed, is one of its main attributes.1 In these pages, I have highlighted in a special way those strategies that women can use to increase their degree of independence, to acquire and maintain domestic authority to limit (positively) the role of husband and father as well as to strengthen ties with relatives. The latter strategy (make the most Relations home network) helps explain patterns of black family life among the urban poor, more appropriate than the concept of nuclear family or matrifocal form. When economic resources are limited, people need the help of as many people as possible. This requires expanding family networks and thus increase the number of people you have.
On the one hand, women in a network can break a relationship that has become a bottomless pit for resources. On the other, a man is expected to contribute to their own network of relatives and do not waste their working ability and resources on other marital relationship. At the same time, a woman will try to get help from the man who has fathered his sons, thus building its own network of resources. It also expects support from his relatives, especially his mother and sisters. Women continuously activate these bonds to attract relatives and friends to exchange network and obligations.
Typically, the biological father female relatives are also poor and try to also expand its network and increase the number of people you have. Clearly, the economic pressures on family networks in a black community make men and women do not leave them (through marriage or other long-term relationship).
The cooperative network based on kinship represents a collective adaptation to poverty by men, women, and children of black communities. Loyalties and dependencies to compensate relatives the ordeal of unemployment and racism.
To cope with the everyday demands of life in the ghetto, these networks have developed patterns of coexistence: households with very flexible frameworks; bonds that last a lifetime and although intermittent, make homes for up to three generations; own social obligations as husband / father within the domestic group of the mother; as well as the domestic authority of women.
1 Ladner, Tomorrow's Tomorrow ..., op. cit., 1971, pp. 276-277. Black feminisms allowed copy © 206
Bibliography.
TABARD, M (2012). Black feminisms. An anthology. Ed. Traffickers dreams. Madrid Spain).
Best regards
Rafa.
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Kindly motivate the answer please
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do you mean Black feminism & intersectionality? or is this feminism with a geographic focus? 
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I have read Elizabeth Grosz.
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Braidotti!
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Feminism & Women Empowerment in India
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The  key to women's empowerment is the reform of family law, and  enforcement of reformed family law. Without reproductive and sexual freedoms, and equal decision-making authority within families, women's political agency and  citizenship  in the public sphere are virtually meaningless. UN Women (Report 2013) established that legal pluralism i.e. delegating control over family law to minority  authorities, failure to reform family law and failure to enforce reformed family laws constitute the greatest obstacle to women's empowerment.
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Although the antifeminist movement worked to vilify feminism, did the women's liberation movement continue to grow and did this in any way lead into third wave feminism? 
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Women's movement continues to grow, thankfully. This is because women's liberation  is still a meaningful agenda,  Economic growth has not brought about equitable outcomes.  The women's movement has deepened through looking at the intersection of identities - gender, race, caste, class, sexual orientation, gender identity, disability etc.  However, it has got fragmented as well.  Further, not all women's movements are based on a socialist feminist perspective like before. Liberal feminism prevails, than liberating  feminism 
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According to intersectionality, inequities are never the result of single, distinct factors such as gender. Rather, they are the outcome of intersections of different social qualities. I was wondering if intersectionality undermines feminist analyses. In other words, does intersectionality contradict feminism?
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A helpful resource to support prior comments may be:
McCall, L. (2005). The complexity of intersectionality. Signs, 30(3), 1771-1800. doi:
10.1086/426800
I am currently working on a manuscript focused on lesbian Muslims' experiences and we heavily reference intersectionality and feminist theory. If you would like, I would be happy to send on a copy once the article is In Press.
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Which different theoretical perspectives (within feminist theory) would you make sure to include?
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Thank you for asking !
Classics - with a range of perspectives (chronological order):
--Simone de Beauvoir.  The Second Sex (1953).
--Kate Millett.  Sexual Politics (1970).
--Nancy Chowdorow.  The Reproduction of Mothering (1978).
--Evelyn Fox Keller.  Reflections on Gender and Science (1985).
--Sandra Harding.  The Science Question in Feminism (1986).
--R. Connell.  Gender and Power (1987).
--Sandra Bem.  The Lenses of Gender (1993).
--Judith Lorber.  Paradoxes of Gender (1994).
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I need a discussion of the feminist critique of social policy in the post war era
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In asking about the role of feminist critics it does not appear you are asking about the role itself of women in the post war years.  The critics wish women would stay out of what was men's world and stay in the kitchen. But they know it can't be so most of their work is sub rosa and attacking things like birth control and abortion. 
One of the best ways I have seen in history for women's rights to be won is in the Iroquois League, the federation of American Indian tribes in the New York, Pennsylvania region that began some 300 years prior to the colonization of America. The writers of the US Constitution knew of the League and copied from it, but they either did not see, or ignored the part of it that made it so long lasting: the chiefs could be impeached by a quorum of grandmothers. I cannot think of a better way to convey women's values into  what is still mostly a male dominant arena. 
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I would appreciate recommendations of short videos (available online), for teaching about International Relations theories at an introductory level, particularly on Social Constructivism and post-positivist approaches (e.g. Post-Structuralism, Post-Colonialism, Feminism). Many thanks!
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Hi Reuben!
Long time indeed… I hope all is well with you. Many thanks for the links (I knew already about the ones from Open.edu, but not the other ones).  Check these: “Theory in Action” series, including short videos with summaries of key IR theories (e.g. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UnKEFSVAiNQ); videos on IR concepts by UBC (e.g: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sjr5NuZv2e4); series “Conversations with History” including interviews with IR authors: http://conversations.berkeley.edu/
Best wishes!
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literature on state feminism and other related texts that discusses gender especially women in a male dominated program in school and the opportunity to be employed after graduation.
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I found these three papers extremely interesting. I hope this helps!
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i am conducting research on child and gender protection
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Botticelli's "Primavera" has been repeatedly analysed wrt hidden messages and current thinking is that it was a visual representation of Marsilio Ficino's neoplatonic theory directed to Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de' medici's presented around the time of his wedding to Semiramide, presumably as an exhortation to pursue the good.
But what would Semiramide make of it? It was apparently displayed in the ante room to Lorenzo's private rooms - she must have seen it frequently if not on a daily basis. Was there a message in it that she could see?  Her first betrothal to Lorenzo's cousin Giuliano was aborted by his assassination in the Pazzi conspiracy that precipitated a war in which her family and the Medici were on opposing sides. Four years later is married into one of the most powerful  families in Europe's cadet branch. She must have been terrified! 
What happened to her? How did she cope?
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Dear Christopher,
Your question and last comment with the Ovid excerpt show a fine chain of artistic or genre transport or a circulus viciosus :  Semiramide d’Appiano as Flora in Boticelli’s Primavera - Ovid’s Corinna who was as beautiful as Semiramis and Lais.  Semiramide can be derived from Semiramis. The Medici’s and Boticelli must have well known Ovid  Amores and Semiramide-Flora as a lady-in-waiting of Venus was as charming as Semiramis. Regarding this sequence of artistic passage the original question – what happened to Semiramide d’Appiano – must be indifferent.  Models are mortal but art is eternal.
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I am particularly interested in difference feminism (Kristeva, Battersby) etc.
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Kaufmann did some interesting research on this. looking on creativity, academic achievments and gender, Ai might be helpful, too.
also, look at Pearsall et al.
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I am interested in people's beliefs and attitudes regarding masculinism, and I am having a hard time finding a measure of such concept that could be used in standard research questionnaires. Any suggestions welcome!
Jacques.
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The Gender Equitable Men (GEM) scale has been used/validated in about seven different countries: https://www.c-changeprogram.org/content/gender-scales-compendium/gem.html
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I need them for my Ph.D assignment.
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Hello Maira
I expect that you have read the papers by Judith Butler, but ResearchGate member Angela McRobbie has written about extensively about feminism; in the paper below, she has not specified any keywords but has included the topics you mentioned:
McRobbie, A. (2004). Post‐feminism and popular culture. Feminist media studies, 4(3), 255-264.
But there may be other papers that she has written that may be relevant.
Good luck with your PhD
Mary
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I would like to analyse films made by women considering film aesthetics and narrative structures. Is there an alternative female oriented theory i can use instead of the psychoanalysis based literature by Mulvey, Butler & Co.?
Thank you
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Dear Mahelia
here is the information :
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ie. sufism, doruze, Shia'a etc.
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Dear Mona
Randa Jarrar
Last year, Palestinian-American author, translator and professor Randa Jarrar gained a mixture of fame and notoriety after her Salon.com article titled "Why I can’t Stand White Belly Dancers" went viral. But the young writer had been exploring themes of identity and belonging — central to most Arab-Americans — long before her divisive op-ed caught the Internet’s attention. Her well-received 2009 novel "A Map of Home" is a coming-of-age story about a young girl shaped by a migratory childhood spent between Boston, Kuwait, Egypt and Texas. Based in California, Jarrar dedicates the bulk of her time to teaching creative writing at California State University, Fresno, to a cohort of minorities, children of migrant workers and first-generation college students. She is also an active member of Radius of Arab American Writers Inc.
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Gender studies and advocacy have been understood to proceed from the premise that women and girls are victimized by various forms of discrimination which adversely affect their individual and collective development and depreciate their societal value. Therefore gender advocates seek to correct the imbalances. The question is: where both boys and girls suffer similar abuses, how should gender advocacy be adjusted to accommodate all interests?
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I believe the fundamental premise behind gender studies (and anything that flows from there) is recognition of the differentiated burdens and benefits placed on different genders. While one could argue who suffers greater burdens but I think men suffer in different ways from patriarchy and enjoy a different set of benefits as opposed to women/girls; and unless this fact is acknowledged I suppose problem resolution and/or transitioning towards equity is difficult (whether we choose to refer to it as gender equity/feminism/substantive equality and so on). Even in respect to the specific burdens women shoulder, integration of men into the dialogue is imperative (for the flows take place men and women) and along with it a dialogue on the burdens men shoulder is also imperative (such as, the great burden of being masculine at all times/ repression of display of emotions, inherent expectations to be the bread winner and so on). Also, so many issues affect both men and women, say CSA, and in some ways the burden on boys is greater for in many cultures it is unacceptable for boys/men to talk about sexual abuse. I think it is only ethical to do so, I believe this shall also make both groups more sensitive and open to examining how gender plays out in their lives/community.
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Feminist research methodology in connection with political empowerment of women through participation in Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs).
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Dear Satya,
try the following articles / literature for your research project:
Sharline Nagy Hesse-Biber (Ed.) (2014): Feminist research practice. A Primer. Second Edition. Thousand Oaks, California, SAGE Publications. (see link below)
Sharlene Nagy Hesse-Biber (Ed.) (2012): Handbook of Feminist Research. Theory and Praxis. Second Edition. Thousand Oaks, California, SAGE Publications. (see link and file below)
Andrea Doucet, Natasha Mauthner (2006): Feminist methodology and epistemology. In: Clifton Bryant, Dennis Peck (Ed.) (2006): 21st Century Sociology. A Reference Handbook, Volume 2, speciality and interdisciplinary studies, part 1, chapter 5, pp. 36 - 42. (see files below)
Jane Wambui (2013): An introduction to feminist research. (see file below)
Katharine Sarikakis, Ramona R. Rush, Autumn Grubb-Swetnam and Christina Lane (2009): Feminist Theory and research. In: Don W. Stacks, Michael B. Salwen (Ed.) (2009): An Integrated Approach To Communication Theory and Research, second edition, Routledge, pp 504 - 522.
Gwendolyn Beetham & Justina Demetriades (2007): Feminist research methodo-logies and development. Overview and practical application. In: Gender & Development, Volume 15, Issue 2, 2007, special issue: Gender Research Methods, pp. 199 - 216.
Sandra Harding and Kathryn Norberg (2005): New Feminist Approaches to Social Science Methodologies. An Introduction. In: Signs, Vol. 30, No. 4, Summer 2005, pp. 2009 - 2015.
Mary Margaret Fonow and Judith A. Cook (2005): Feminist Methodology. New Applications in the Academy and Public Policy. In: Signs, Vol. 30, No. 4, Summer 2005, pp. 2211 - 2236.
Leslie McCall (2005): The Complexity of Intersectionality. In: Signs, Vol. 30, No. 3, Spring 2005, pp. 1771 - 1800.
Barbara Pini (2002): Focus groups, feminist research and farm women. Opportunities for empowerment in rural social research. In: Journal of Rural Studies, Volume 18, Issue 3, July 2002, pp. 339 - 351.
Caroline Ramazanoğlu and Janet Holland (2002): Feminist methodology. Challenges and choices.Thousand Oaks, SAGE publications.
Literature with special attention for the topic "developing countries":
Myfanwy Franks (2002): Feminisms and Cross-ideological Feminist Social Research: Standpoint, Situatedness and Positionality. Developing Cross-ideological Feminist Research. In: Journal of International Women's Studies, 3(2), 38-50. Download: http://vc.bridgew.edu/jiws/vol3/iss2/3
Mary Ssonko Nabacwa (2009): A Critical Reflection on the Feminist Research Methodology. (see link below)
Fatuma Chege (2011): Doing Gender and Feminist Research in Developing Countries.
Women's Studies and Development Centre (Ed.) (2006): Developing Indian perspectives on feminist theory and methodology. Final report. (see link below)
Good luck with your research project and kind regards, Detlef
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I am exploring the use of standpoint theory as my conceptual framework, however it will not be within the context of feminism. I will not be restricting my sample to females.
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I refer you to Joseph Rouse (2009), whom I read with great interest.  Rouse's discussion of epistemic warrants, and differences between them as "arising from different interactions with relevant aspects of the world" (p. 202) is a tenable position to include the use of the theory in its varied iterations for a variety of perceptual knowables.  What would prevent an inquiry into the interaction of men in the world from a feminist perspective?  Thus, the perspectives arising within the variety of positions assumed by standpoint theorists also provide a variety of ways to approach phenomena.
ROUSE, J. (2009). Standpoint Theories Reconsidered. Hypatia, 24(4), 200-209. doi:10.1111/j.1527-2001.2009.01068.x
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I am especially seeking those journals which will accept articles written in English and on the writings of French Feminist writers like Helene Cixous, Luce Irigaray and Julia Kristeva.
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Gender and feminism
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Do politicians count as celebrities? I know an interesting study from the US comparing perceptions on Hillary Clinton and Sarah Palin. Sarah Palin takes on a leadership role (contradicting the female gender role), but on the other hand presents herself as a typical "hockey mum" (confirming her gernder role) and conservative voters seem to like that she's acting in congruency with her gender role.
Also the study draws on the theory of ambivalent sexism. The theory states that women can be rewarded for acting gender role congruently (as a mother, housewife, sexy girl) or they can be punished for acting against it (career women, feminists, athletes).
Does that help?
Gervais, S. J., & Hillard, A. L. (2011). A role congruity perspective on prejudice toward Hillary Clinton and Sarah Palin. Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy (ASAP), 11(1), 221-240.
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Research Questions are:
Q1. How frequent was male gaze used in portraying female image in the movies?
Q2. What was the direction of the messages? (Sexual, social, domestic gender roles, etc)
Q.3 How intense were the male gazed messages regarding female portrayal in the Bollywood movies?
Q4. How much space was given to the aforesaid messages?
Q5. Is there any relation between the inclination of Pakistani university students to watch Indian movies and female presentation?
Q6. What changes have Indian movies created in Pakistani university male students towards female image?
Q7. What is the relationship between Indian movies and female students’ perception of themselves and other females?
The model of theoretical framework is attached
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Dear Amir,
There are several grammar mistakes in the questions, so please correct them. Then it will be easier to understand. I send back the framework. I put in red; the things that need explanation, so that the reader can understand your thesis in future.
The part I am familiar with is Social Learning Theory, but I'm not familiar with several things; it doesn't mean that it's not appropriate.
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I'm looking for some pointers on internalized sexism. Here's a scenario: A female who wants to fit in with a group dominated by males (e.g., the gaming community, alternative music scenes, sports, etc.) denigrates femininity by saying that she's "not like those other women/girls." Of course, in doing so that female is endorsing misogynistic attitudes. Is there a name for this strategic derogation of one's group in order to appeal to or identify with a different group? Any advice on previous research on this would be greatly appreciated, especially those relating to social identity theory & social psychology.
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Hi Jennifer, The phenomenon of 'internalised stigma' or 'felt stigma' has been witnessed over many years in the psychiatric disability field; while some individuals increasingly self-isolate others act as you describe - they distance themselves from what they perceive as their own (disempowered) group affiliation and try to join a/the more powerful group. This leads to (sometimes unintended or insightless) perpetuating or furthering of stigma towards one's own disability group.
A resource that might be useful:
Mason, M. (1992) ‘Internalised Oppression’ in Rieser, R. and Mason, M. (eds.)
Disability Equality in the Classroom: A Human Rights Issue, London: Alliance for
Inclusive Education.
Good luck - interesting topic!
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I am working on a paper looking at the feasibility and implication of legalising prostitution in India. A popular argument 'for' this move is one that states that legalising would ensure that these women are given a chance to become a part of mainstream society and hence ensuring their welfare becomes easier. However does this hold true in the Indian context?
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As an independent woman, I see the legalization of prostitution as an opportunity to increase my financial means and my social standing. It may even be a means to feed my child who would , otherwise go hungry. In cases of survival, I believe that a woman should be able to sell her only asset without legal reprisal. However,i believe that women suffer emotionally, and perhaps spiritually when the women are DEPENDANT on giving their most sacred parts to people who dont care about them, for financial gain. Morality cannot be effectively legislated, and the law rarely works on a case by case basis. For this reason, i would support the legalization of sex sales between consenting adults in any country.
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I have found literature from the UK and organizations advancing feminist geography in Europe.
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Dear Tiffany Bohm,
Feministic Geography has been explored by many researchers in USA. Here are a few examples. Follow the links:
2) http://phg.sagepub.com/content/34/1/56.short Melissa W. Wright : Gender and geography II: bridging the gap — feminist, queer, and the geographical imaginary, Progress in Human Geography February 2010 34: 56-66, first published on May 21, 2009.
4) Janice Monk. College of Social and Behavioral Science, School of Geography and Development, The University of Arizona, USA.
5) http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09663699408721207?journalCode=cgpc20: Gender, Place & Culture: A Journal of Feminist Geography, Volume 1, Issue 2, 1994
6) Richa Nagar in Department of Geography, Environment and Society, University of Minnesota, USA.
10) Mona Domosh-Department of Geography, Hanover, NH, USA: http://www.dartmouth.edu/~geog/facstaff/domosh.html
11) http://www.geog.psu.edu/people/wright-melissa-w: Melissa W. Wright- Department of Geography, Pennsylvania State University, PA, USA.
Hope this will satisfy your doubt.
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Africa and America/Europe
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Disclaimer: I'm not an expert either.
Couldn't agree more with Lina. But (in my humble opinion) the study of african feminism should also (not only - but also) include the analysis of the consequences of Africa's long colonial past (a very "recent" past in what concerns some countries) and, in general, the huge development and social issues Africa is (has been) facing.