Science topic

Fabaceae - Science topic

The large family of plants characterized by pods. Some are edible and some cause LATHYRISM or FAVISM and other forms of poisoning. Other species yield useful materials like gums from ACACIA and various LECTINS like PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS from PHASEOLUS. Many of them harbor NITROGEN FIXATION bacteria on their roots.
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Soil flooding can reduce the oxygen available in the soil and around the roots, resulting in physiological and morphological changes in response to such conditions. The species Zygia cataractae (Kunth) L. Rico, Fabaceae, is frequently found in dense forest with drained soil, igapó forest, with moist sandy soil, floodplain forest, and in riparian fo...
Article
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Establishing the appropriate procedures for conducting germination tests in forest species is important for marketing the seeds, especially species that are not yet included in the relevant Normative Instructions. The aim of this study was to determine the ideal conditions of temperature and substrate to carry out the germination test on seeds of S...
Article
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Mazu, or oak gall (Quercus infectoria Oliv.), a member of the Fabaceae family, is an abundant tree species in Iraq. Because of ongoing habitat damage, this species is on the verge of extinction. However, the genetic diversity of wild oak populations has yet to be measured. Semi-arbitrary [Inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR)] and gene-targeted [Cons...
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Context Developing effective drugs to treat myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion (MI/R) injury is imperative. Traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) have had considerable success in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Elucidating the mechanisms by which TCMs improve MI/R injury can supplement the literature on MI/R prevention and treatment. Object...
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Context Tadehagi triquetrum (Linn.) Ohashi (Fabaceae) (TT), is a traditional herbal medicine used especially in China’s ethnic-minority communities, such as the Zhuang, Dai, Li and Wa aeras. As an ethnic medicine, it has long been used to treat various diseases. Objective This review summarised the phytochemical and pharmacological progress on TT...
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RESUMO O planejamento e manejo da arborização viária são indispensáveis para o desenvolvimento urbano sustentável e requerem o conhecimento da situação existente. A identificação e a distribuição das espécies florestais presentes nas vias públicas são fundamentais para subsidiar o planejamento adequado da arborização viária. A partir dessas informa...
Article
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The phytochemical study of the hydroethanolic extract of green propolis produced by Apis mellifera in the Northeastern Brazilian Caatinga from Mimosa tenuiflora led to the isolation of sixteen flavonoids, including eleven flavonols 1–11, four flavanones 12–15, and one prenylated flavanone 16. It is the first time they were isolated from the green p...
Article
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The family of phosphate transporters (PHTs) mediates the uptake and translocation of Pi inside the plants. However, little is known about transporters in soybean. Therefore, Searched the Genome Database for Soybean, 57 GmPHTs family members were identified in soybean, Phylogenetic analysis suggested that members of the PHTs gene family can be divid...
Article
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A new species, Hedysarum dazkiriense, in the genus Hedysarum (Fabaceae) was described and illustrated here and is only known from Dazkırı district in Afyonkarahisar Province in Türkiye. The species belongs to sect. Multicaulia and it is closely related to H. syriacum, but it is distinguished from it by having 5-8 pairs and smaller leaflets (3-7 × 1...
Article
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Studies on the impacts of grazing on carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus stoichiometry and storage are crucial for better understanding the nutrient cycles of grasslands ecosystems. Using a controlled grazing experimental platform in a meadow steppe ecosystem, the effects of different stocking rates (0.00, 0.23, 0.34, 0.46, 0.69, and 0.92 AU ha−1) on...
Article
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Our current study was conducted in Zijje Maryam Church Forest, Ethiopia, to explore woody species composition, structure, regeneration status, and anthropogenic disturbances inside the sacred groves. Te aforementioned information for adequate conservation and management of the church forest is not well documented. Fifteen main quadrats each having...
Article
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Pollinators improve the shape, quality as well as seed yield of various crops.Blue banded bees are effective pollinators that are fossorial and solitary soil nesting creatures. Male bees and female worker bees are floral visitors and collect floral rewards. They are alternative to the mechanical pollination. Flight activity of female bee begins jus...
Article
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Flower colour change may represent an ‘honest signal’ for pollinators, denoting flowers with good conditions for rewards and pollination. All previously reported flower colour changes are unidirectional, except for an incomplete case in one Fabaceae species. In this study, we discovered a very rare example of complete oscillating flower colour chan...
Article
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The chemical investigation of ethyl acetate extracts of the roots and stem bark of Prosopis juliflora Swartz D.C (Fabaceae) led to the isolation of a new flavonoid, prosojuliflavone (1) and a new natural indole alkaloid dimer, N,N-Bis(2-(1H-indol-3-yl) ethyl) oxalamide (2) along with eight known compounds including three flavonoids, vitexin (3), a...
Article
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Ensuing protein malnutrition in developing countries, an affordable protein food source needs to be distinguished. Fabaceae family accommodate moth bean ( Vigna aconitifolia L . ) as its one of the important members that ascertains exceptional nutritional composition. Moth bean is a drought-tolerant food legume of the tropics. Seeds of moth bean se...
Article
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Background The global consumption of herbal medicine is increasing steadily, posing an extinction risk to medicinal plants. Uganda is among the top ten countries with a high threat of herbal medicine extinction, and Traditional Medicinal Knowledge (TMK) erosion. This might be attributed to the inadequate documentation, plus many more unclear hindra...
Article
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The edible beans in Fabaceae have been used for foods and medicines since the ancient time, and being used more and more. It is also appeared as a major ingredient in dairy cooking menu in many regions including Thailand, a rich biodiversity country. Many studies reported on health benefits of their flavonoids, but there is no report on the effect...
Article
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Introducción. La información fenológica sobre Myroxylon peruiferum en Costa Rica es escasa. Además, se desconocen las características del aceite y la isoterma de equilibrio de las semillas. El conocimiento generado en este campo permitirá realizar un adecuado manejo de las semillas; y generar opciones de prospección del aceite. Objetivos. (i) Docum...
Article
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Background Keel flowers are bilaterally symmetrical, pentamerous flowers with three different petal types and reproductive organs enclosed by keel petals; generally there is also connation of floral parts such as stamens and keel petals. In this study, the evolution of keel flowers within the order Fabales is explored to investigate whether the est...
Article
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O presente trabalho teve como principal objetivo realizar o levantamento florístico de espécies de angiospermas da Serra da Fumaça, município de Pindobaçu, para ampliar o conhecimento da flora e dos padrões de distribuição de espécies presentes no norte da Chapada Diamantina, Bahia, Brasil. Para tanto, foram realizadas expedições na área de estudo...
Article
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Background Globally, diarrheal and respiratory diseases are among the main causes of mortality and morbidity. In Uganda, cities are facing proliferation of trade in herbal medicines (HM), including those for diarrhea and/or cough. Information on the economic, and the ethnopharmacological aspects of these HM is scarce, deterring the sector from achi...
Article
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Au Gabon, les connaissances portant sur les cochenilles (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) demeurent encore insuffisantes. Pourtant, ces insectes, en raison de leur phytophagie représentent un fléau majeur pour la préservation des espèces végétales. C’est dans ce cadre qu’une enquête entomologique a été conduite à Rabi, province de l’Ogooué-Maritime, en juille...
Article
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Public health efforts to control the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic rely on accurate information on the spread of the disease in the community. Acute and surveillance testing has been primarily used to characterize the extent of the disease. However, obtaining a representative sample of the human population is...
Article
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Sibipiruna (Cenostigma pluviosum var. pelthophoroides) trees are common in the São Paulo city urban forest, but they may cause accidents when deteriorated by wood-decaying fungi due to trunk rupture and tree fall. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate anatomical, physical, and mechanical changes in sibipiruna wood attacked by Ganoderma australe....
Article
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Detarium senegalense, J.F. Gmelin (Fabaceae) is used in Nigerian folk medicine to treat different diseases including epilepsy, microbial infections, gastrointestinal diseases and inflammation; its efficacy is widely acclaimed among communities in South Eastern Nigeria. This study aimed to evaluate the anti-seizure and anti-nociceptive potential of...
Article
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A alimentação é um dos principais colaboradores na restauração de Neoplasias mamárias. Dado que o câncer de mama é uma das doenças que mais se manifesta em mulheres. O número de casos vem crescendo a cada ano devido aos vários fatores que o desencadeia, cujo os maus hábitos alimentares é o que mais se destaca, onde a ingestão de uma dieta com alto...
Article
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As part of ongoing efforts to understand, document, and conserve the flora of the southeastern United States, we make new combinations to accord with our generic taxonomy, name a new hybrid, re-recognize a species relegated to synonymy in recent decades, lectotypify and generally clarify nomenclatural issues in several genera, clarify taxonomy and...
Article
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We investigated the influence of seed-feeding beetles (Chrysomelidae, Bruchinae) and their parasitoids on the germination performance of two Fabaceae, Leucaena leucocephala and Senna multijuga. We collected 150 fruits per species in forest fragments in the city of Lavras, Minas Gerais, Brazil, between July and August 2020. Seeds were examined and s...
Article
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In the present framework of global warming, it is unclear whether evolutionary adaptation can happen quick enough to preserve the persistence of many species. Specifically, we lack knowledge about the adaptive potential of the different populations in relation to the various constraints that may hamper particular adaptations. There is evidence indi...
Article
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The goal of this research is to determine what chemicals are present in two different extracts (hexane and acetone) of Vicia faba (family Fabaceae, VF) peels and evaluate their effectiveness as a corrosion inhibitor on mild steel in a saline media containing 3.5% sodium chloride. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) was used to determine th...
Article
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In this study, a three-year experiment on the fragrant pear orchard was conducted to investigate the effects of different varieties of green manure on the Korla fragrant pear fruit quality, with a view to finding a suitable green manure planting mode for Korla fragrant pear orchard. Green manures were planted in spaces among rows of pear trees, and...
Article
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Phelipanche aegyptiaca Pers. is a holoparasitic plant that parasitizes various types of host plants. Its penetration into host roots causes a massive reduction in the yield of many crop plants worldwide. The nature of the compounds taken by the parasite from its host is still under debate in the scientific literature. To gain more knowledge about t...
Article
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Plant diversity is lower in arid regions around the world. However, semi-arid regions have very high species richness and are notable in terms of vegetation structure and plant diversity. The major goal of this study was to assess the composition and diversity of woody species with respect to edaphic properties in semi-arid lowlands of Kasur, Punja...
Article
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The current work is aimed at generating the first inventory of South African medicinal plants used in the treatment of sexually transmitted and related opportunistic infections associated with HIV-AIDS. This is important in assisting researchers to access a list of plant species to evaluate for potential phytocompounds, as this area of research is...
Article
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Plant diversity is lower in arid regions around the world. However, semi-arid regions have very high species richness and are notable in terms of vegetation structure and plant diversity. The major goal of this study was to assess the composition and diversity of woody species with respect to edaphic properties in semi-arid lowlands of Kasur, Punja...
Article
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Understanding the striking diversity of the angiosperms is a paramount issue in biology and of interest to biologists. The Millettiod legumes is one of the most hyper-diverse groups of the legume family, containing many economically important medicine, furniture and craft species. In the present study, we explore how the interplay of past climate c...
Article
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A espécie Crotalaria ononoides Benth, família Leguminosae é conhecida como “Tchambanda” pelas populações da região da Muxima-Luanda-Angola. Utilizada popularmente para o tratamento da esquistossomose. Na literatura existe pouca informação disponível sobre o seu uso medicinal para o tratamento de esquistossomose. Este trabalho tem como objetivo real...
Article
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Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.), also called soja bean or soya bean. The annual soybean legume of the Fabaceae family and a species of legume native to East Asia. The soybean is economically the most important bean, used in the soy milk production industry and soybean oil production. From such initiatives, there will be a large amount of soybean m...
Article
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Abstract Serra Negra do Funil Natural Heritage Private Reserve (NHPR), located in MG, was surveyed for insect galls monthly from October, 2015 to May, 2020. The local vegetation was examined. Dried branches of the host plants were prepared and identified by a botanical taxonomist. Galls were photographed, removed from the plants and taken to the la...
Article
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RESUMEN La fijación biológica de nitrógeno mediante la simbiosis leguminosa-rizobio es uno de los procesos de mayor importancia en el planeta Tierra (o al menos en nuestro planeta). Desde su descubrimiento, la simbiosis fue pragmatizada de modo estricto a los rizobios; sin embargo, aislamientos procedentes de nódulos desinfectados superficialmente...
Article
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Root parasitic weed Phelipanche aegyptiaca is an obligate plant parasite that causes severe damage to host crops. Agriculture crops mainly belong to the Brassicaceae, Leguminosae, Cruciferae, and Solanaceae plant families affected by this parasitic weed, leading to the devastating loss of crop yield and economic growth. This root-specific parasitic...
Preprint
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The wild bee community of a sand steppe habitat in Eastern Austria was surveyed in the years 2018 and 2019, complemented with historical data from over 100 years, and analyzed in relation to land use change. The mapping of land use categories was based on historical aerial photographs and orthophotos. Changes in bee community composition were analy...
Article
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The aim of this work is to contribute to the scientific valorization of Desmodium triflorum from Côte d’Ivoire. He focused on phytochemical screening, total polyphenol contents (TPC) and antioxidant and antibacterial activities of aqueous and ethanolic extracts of the leaves, the roots plus stem and the whole plant of D. triflorum. The phytochemica...
Article
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The Chapada das Mesas National Park is an important conservation unit in the state of Maranhão, Northeastern Brazil, with a predominance of the Cerrado phytogeographic domain and few floristic studies performed. The study aimed to provide a checklist of the Leguminosae from the Chapada das Mesas National Park through the analysis of samples collect...
Article
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Objetivou-se avaliar a influência da cultura do milho de segunda safra consorciado com plantas de cobertura do solo, na qualidade do solo. O delineamento experimental foi de blocos ao acaso (DBC), com quatro repetições. As parcelas foram constituídas pela cultura do milho com e sem consorcio com diferentes plantas de cobertura do solo. As espécies...
Article
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Phytotherapics are active plant materials that have played an important role in folk medicine as they favor the treatment of different diseases in many regions of the world. Different societies report improvement in the sexual function with various aphrodisiac herbal medicines, even without scientific proof. Aphrodisiacs are generally considered to...
Chapter
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An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by the Tay ethnic group in Thai Nguyen province, Vietnam has been carried out in the present study, especially in the region of Định Hoá, Phú Lương, and Võ Nhai districts. The ethnobotanical survey was conducted between 2018 and 2021 and a catalog of the medicinal plant used by the Tay ethnic group i...
Article
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Os solos tropicais apresentam, em sua maioria, limitação nutricional. Dentre os nutrientes que apresenta maior carência estar o nitrogênio, por ser um elemento de alta mobilidade no solo e grandes perdas por lixiviação. Desta forma, o uso das espécies de Fabaceae arbóreas em sistemas de consoórcio, dentre elas a gliricídia, tem se destacado, pela a...
Article
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Neptunia comprises 18 species for Australia and Malesia, including ten species newly named: N. heliophila A.R.Bean, N. hispida A.R.Bean, N. insignis A.R.Bean, N. longipila A.R.Bean, N. paucijuga A.R.Bean, N. proxima A.R.Bean, N. scutata A.R.Bean, N. tactilis A.R.Bean, N. valida A.R.Bean and N. xanthonema A.R.Bean. One taxon below species rank (N. a...
Article
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(Floristic survey of a Caatinga area of high biological importance in the Mesoregion of Paraíba backlands, Northeast Brazil). The Caatinga occupies an area of approximately 912,529 km², being one of the most distinct phytogeographic regions of the Brazilian territory. It has a vegetation that varies according to its distribution and relationship wi...
Article
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Objective: The ethno-botanical assessment aims to explore and gather the medicinally aromatic foliages used by local traditional healers at Molamalai Hill, Karur district of Tamil Nadu, India. Materials and Methods: With the assist of medicine-men, elderly people and local traditional healers, the field investigation was conceded out through semi-s...
Article
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Background/Purpose: Diabetes is a metabolic disease characterised by chronic hyperglycaemia, with disturbance of carbohydrate, lipid and protein metabolism, resulting from a defect in insulin secretion and/or action. The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) estimated in 2017 that 425 million people were living with diabetes worldwide. It is esti...
Article
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The pea leaf weevil, Sitona lineatus Linnaeus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), is an invasive pest of field pea, Pisum sativum Linnaeus, and faba bean, Vicia faba Linnaeus (Fabaceae). Larvae feed on leguminous root nodules and associated Rhizobium leguminosarum Frank (Rhizobiacea) nitrogen-fixing bacteria. Larval feeding causes economic damage, but the...
Article
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The objective of the study was to test the Meyer model in the management of four plant communities located in the district of Magude in the province of Maputo. In the study were established in total 163 rectangular plots of 100X20m, in each plot was measured the DBH 10cm of all trees. Were sampled 4243 woody individuals in all stands, which are dis...
Article
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Pterodon pubescens and P. emarginatus (Leguminosae) are native medicinal plants of Brazil. Extractivism due to its therapeutic properties threatens populations of both species. Studies of genetic diversity is a way to reason the use and promote conservation. We developed microsatellite markers for P. pubescens and transferred them to P. emarginatus...
Article
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Floristic studies of aquatic plants and flora associated with aquatic ecosystems carried out in the Neotropical region have demonstrated the predominance and co-occurrence of the same plant families under different climatic conditions. One way to interpret this co-occurrence of groups with non-random patterns in assemblages is to understand their p...
Conference Paper
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A utilização de espécies florestais nativas é fundamental para a recuperação de áreas desmatadas e à regularização das áreas de preservação permanente (APP) e reserva legal (RL). Dentre as principais causas da degradação de florestas nativas, encontram-se a pressão causada pela agricultura. Outro fator para o desmatamento é que espécies nativas, ho...
Article
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The parasitism of Acanthoscelides macrophthalmus (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae, Bruchinae) by the parasitoid Horismenus abnormicaulis (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) is described for the first time. We harvested 90 Leucaena leucocephala (Fabaceae, Mimosoideae) fruit pods, in June 2019 on the campus of the Federal University of Lavras in the municipality of...
Article
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La producción agrícola proporciona alimento para el sector pecuario y debe ser orgánica para que no altere el clima. El objetivo de la investigación fue revisar información científica referente a la producción agrícola, que es importante para el sector pecuario que en conjunto generan sustentabilidad, ya que representa alrededor del 25% de la PEA,...
Article
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This study investigates the effects of soil contamination by nickel and lead on some enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants in addition to the nitrate reductase (NR) enzyme activity for Gleditsia triacanthos, Leucaena leucocephala, and Robinia pseudoacacia plant species. The results of this study show a significant increase in peroxidase enzyme a...
Article
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For the first time, a review of gall midges-inquilines, developing together with gall-formers, among which gall midges dominate is provided. In the world, 197 species of gall midges of 41 genera have been identified, in the galls of which 177 species of inquiline gall midges from 27 genera have been found. They are found on plants of 243 species of...
Article
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Genista etnensis is a remarkable and well-known tree endemic to Sicily, Sardinia, and Corsica (Mediterranean Basin). Nevertheless, its morphological variability and its native status throughout its range need to be further investigated. In this study, we aim to clarify some aspects of this infraspecific variability by molecular means. Sequences of...
Article
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In Mexico, there are barely any studies that estimate the cost of germplasm conservation especially that carried out ex situ. The objective of this study was to analyze the collection and storage costs (CSC) of seeds of some native tree species that have social and economic importance in Mexico. Information on the importance of native trees was obt...
Preprint
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Our current study was conducted in Zijje Maryam Church forest, Ethiopia, to explore woody species composition, structure, regeneration status, and anthropogenic disturbances inside the sacred groves. The aforementioned information for adequate conservation and management of the church forest is not well documented. Fifteen main quadrats each having...
Article
Full-text available
An ethnobotanical study on plants used for indigenous traditional management of insects pests by people in Maharashtra was conducted to document the information particularly associated with the use as insecticide and pesticide potential of plants. In this study, following areas from the Maharastra were worked out, Ratnagiri, Raigad and Sindhudurg o...
Article
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Crop rotation with species diversification contributes to the control of pests, diseases and weeds and improves soil fertility and conservation, which can lead to increased profitability in grain production systems. The objectives of this study were to determine whether grain production systems that employ crop rotation with species diversification...