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Publications related to Experimental Psychology (5,287)
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Preprint
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One of the most common statistical analyses in experimental psychology concerns the comparison of two means using the frequentist t-test. However, frequentist t-tests do not quantify evidence and require various assumption tests. Recently popularized Bayesian t-tests do quantify evidence, but these were developed for scenarios where the two populat...
Chapter
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This book chapter outlines different facets of Human-Centered Design, which evolved over half a century. These facets have different foundational influences that lead to design by, with, and for people. Designing for people, including Ergonomics and Human Factors and Interactions Design, originated from early developments in experimental psychology...
Book
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This book explores the dynamics of international negotiations from the perspectives of researchers and practical negotiators. Reinforcing the idea that the study of negotiation is not merely an academic endeavor, the essays reflect the author’s lifetime experiences as a negotiation researcher and provider of analytical support to international nego...
Conference Paper
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This essay explores various storylines knotted to and woven around a wooden inlay puzzle of a rooster (educational toy) and a climbing frame (play sculpture) shaped in the form of a toucan – artistic designs we initially attributed to the Swiss artist Pierre Küenzi. Conceived as an open-ended travelogue that allows readers to embark on an explorati...
Preprint
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In the next decade, social robots will be implemented in many public spaces to provide services to humans. We question the properties of these social robots to afford acceptance and spontaneous emotional interactions. More specifically, in the present study, we report the effects of idle motion frequency in a robot on emotional contagion in a face-...
Article
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Previous studies have suggested positive effects of mindfulness on inhibitory control (stopping behaviour). However, scarce previous studies suggest the relationship may depend on context. We provide first evidence that inhibitory control is challenged when perceiving attractive faces, especially when being mindful. Specifically, we investigated th...
Chapter
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El capítulo de libro describe un programa de intervención que se opera en el aula por el profesorado. El programa de intervención fue desarrollado para aulas Mexicanas, por lo que se basa en el Plan y Programa de estudios de la Secretaria de Educación Pública, además se específica las características del programa al tener bases científicos de la ps...
Article
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Recently, it has been suggested that the mnemonic information that underlies recognition decisions changes when participants are asked to indicate whether a test stimulus is new rather than old (Brainerd et al., 2021, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory, and Cognition , advance online publication). However, some observations that ha...
Article
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Resumo: O prese nte estudo teve como objetivo geral investigar o legado do laboratório de psicologia na for-mação de professores na Escola Normal implantado no Ceará, na década de 1920, e seus rebatimentos na for-mação de professores até os dias atuais. A partir do método da pesquisa documental, descreve-se a existência do Laboratório de Psicologia...
Article
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Retail store prices are frequently set to either a just-below (e.g., $1.99) or rounded to (e.g., $2.00) integer levels. Previous studies proposed two price-perception effects that may underly such psychological pricing strategies. First, the left-digit effect (LDE) assumes consumers read prices left-to-right. Cognitive limitations let consumers ove...
Article
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Due to pandemic-imposed restrictions on lab-based research, we have recently witnessed a flourishing of online studies in experimental psychology, based on the collection of fine behavioral measures such as reaction times (RTs) and accuracy. However, it remains unclear whether participants’ alerting levels may have a different impact on behavioral...
Article
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Individual differences in the magnitude of semantic priming effects are associated with executive functions (EF). Striatal dopamine has been shown to be associated with EF as well as impulsivity and could therefore be associated with differences in the magnitude of semantic priming. We investigated n = 155 individuals in an unmasked as well as in a...
Article
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Ivane S. Beritashvili's doctrine of image-driven behavior was established in the late 1920s and finally extended in his books in English (1965; 1971). It bears a strong resemblance to the concepts of purposive behavior and "cognitive maps" developed in parallel by Edward C. Tolman (1932; 1948) and significantly anticipated respective modern concept...
Article
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The year 2021 marked the centenary of the death of the Valencian scientist Luis Simarro Lacabra (1851-1921), a pioneering figure in Spanish neurohistology, who had a great influence on Spanish neuroscience throughout the last third of the 19th century and the first third of the 20th century. One hundred years after his death, several circumstances...
Article
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Este artículo busca retomar y describir, a partir de las fuentes originales, las implicaciones metodológicas, éticas y clínicas que tuvo el experimento de John B. Watson y Rosalie Rayner, publicado hace un siglo (1920) en Journal of Experimental Psychology. Se detalla el estudio experimental, incluyendo sus antecedentes, la descripción del procedim...
Article
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Conflict and conflict adaptation are well-studied phenomena in experimental psychology. Standard tasks investigating causes and outcomes of conflict during information processing include the Stroop, the Flanker and the Simon task. Interestingly, recent research efforts have moved toward investigating whether conflict in one task domain influences i...
Experiment Findings
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In the first part of the experiment, participants were requested to learn three Japanese Kanji signs by heart: eye,mouth and mountain. In the next step, participants saw a single message on the screen that contained a translation of a Kanji sign into their native language. They had to answer whether they considered the translation of the Kanji sign...
Article
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Georges Cuisenaire, teacher and then director of the municipal primary schools in Thuin, in the French-speaking region of Belgium (Wallonia), was the creator of the rods or numbers in color, didactic material for chil-dren's mathematics education spread all over the world since the 1950s and still in use today. In 1935 he presented an experimental...
Article
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This study is, largely, a systematic review that identifies and synthesizes research data from different resources with the aim of drawing conclusions about the effect of co-speech gestures on learning a foreign language (FL). We used PubMed and PubMed Central as the databases for our search; we narrowed the search mainly to experimental psychology...
Article
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In 2010 Genevieve Bell named spirituality as one of the three “most underexplored areas of HCI research” [2] . Two and a half years later, I began a PhD programme to make a contribution to increasing that exploration. I started by analysing the gap between HCI research and iOS App Store offerings, then speculating with my supervisor about some chal...
Article
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This study links certain Aristotelian anthropological notions with numerous re- cent psychological studies. The central themes are the relations between desires and behaviour, strongly conditioned by behaviourism in American experimental psychol- ogy. Some experiments with laboratory animals have shown evidence of a perceptual and behavioural bread...
Article
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As time plays a fundamental role in our social activities, scholars have studied temporal perception since the earliest days of experimental psychology. Since the 1960s, the ubiquity of color has been driving research on the potential effects of the colors red and blue on temporal perception and on its underlying mechanism. However, the results hav...
Preprint
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The recent incursion of experimental psychology into the arena of cognitive neuroscience has brought attention back to its conceptual foundations. As we embark on more multidisciplinary enterprises, some authors have called to rethink the taxonomy of psychology and cognitive neuroscience in order to build stronger theories. While some claim that, c...
Article
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Experimental psychology’s recent shift toward low-effort, high-volume methods (e.g., self-reports, online studies) and away from the more effortful study of naturalistic behavior raises concerns about the ecological validity of findings from these fields, concerns that have become particularly apparent in the field of moral psychology. To help addr...
Article
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This article provides an interdisciplinary and intersectional analysis of sex robots and/as sexual fantasy. I demonstrate that sexual fantasy is a highly complex and salient vector of analysis for any discussion of love and sex with robots. First, I introduce contemporary North American sex robots and offer a brief sketch of their ontology as relat...
Article
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The article addresses aspects of the connections between Wilhelm Wundt and Lithuania. It is introduced by briefly mentioning facts known from previous research about Lithuanians who studied at Wundt’s Institute of Experimental Psychology at Leipzig, and those who chose Wundt’s work as the object of their research. In the main part of the article, f...
Article
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Nest-building behaviour in birds may be particularly relevant to investigating the evolution of physical cognition, as nest building engages cognitive mechanisms for the use and manipulation of materials. We hypothesized that nest-building ecology may be related to physical cognitive abilities. To test our hypothesis, we used zebra finches, which h...
Article
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Resumo Um falso reconhecimento de uma pessoa pode levar à condenação de um inocente. Um método efetivo de diminuir o falso reconhecimento é por meio do alinhamento, procedimento no qual o suspeito é apresentado em conjunto com outras pessoas - fillers (não suspeitos similares ao suspeito). Em um experimento foi comparado o desempenho de testemunhas...
Article
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In immersive Virtual Reality (VR), your brain can trick you into believing that your virtual hands are your real hands. Manipulating the representation of the body, namely the avatar, is a potentially powerful tool for the design of innovative interactive systems in VR. In this study, we investigated interactive behavior in VR by using the methods...
Article
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Prime numbers have been attracting the interest of scientists since the first formulation of Euclid’s theorem in 300 B.C. Nowadays, physicists and mathematicians continue to formulate new theorems about prime numbers, trying to comprehensively explain their articulated properties. However, evidence from biology and experimental psychology suggest t...
Conference Paper
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Página Principal  Movimientos  Informados, fanáticos y " etados", a propósito de la psicología política del colombiano | Por: Alexander Martínez Rivillas* | En Colombia casi no nos ocupamos de la psicología política, quizás por el desplazamiento sistemático de la psicología experimental y de la psicología clínica de los campus universitarios. El...
Article
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Background Policy regulations of ethically controversial genetic technologies should, on the one hand, be based on ethical principles. On the other hand, they should be socially acceptable to ensure implementation. In addition, they should align with ethical theory. Yet to date we lack a reliable and valid scale to measure the relevant ethical judg...
Article
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This is an article review published on 'Sur le Spectre' of: Nader, A. M., Tullo, D., Bouchard, V., Degré-Pelletier, J., Bertone, A., Dawson, M., & Soulières, I. (2021). Category learning in autism: Are some situations better than others?. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.
Poster
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Some authors report fast forgetting in early Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) (1), others do not (2). Slamecka and McElree (3), in a series of experiments using memory for words, showed that in healthy volunteers the degree of initial learning affected the intercepts but not the slopes of forgetting curves. Within Slamecka and McElree’s experimental design...
Article
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Remembering an experienced event in a coherent manner requires the binding of the event’s constituent elements. Such binding effects manifest as a stochastic dependency of the retrieval of event elements. Several approaches for modeling these dependencies have been proposed. We compare the contingency-based approach by Horner & Burgess ( Journal of...
Article
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Gustatory (GD) and olfactory (OD) dysfunctions are the most frequent neurological manifestations of COVID-19. We used mental imagery as an experimental psychological paradigm to access olfactory and gustatory brain representations in 80 Italian COVID-19 adult patients (68.75% reported both OD and GD). COVID-19 patients with OD + GD have a significa...
Article
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Intrusive memories of trauma are recurrent distressing sensory-perceptual impressions of the traumatic event that enter consciousness spontaneously and unwanted. They often contain the worst moment/s (‘hotspots’) of the trauma memory and have primarily been studied in clinical populations after real trauma. Intrusive memories can also be studied us...
Article
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Nel presente volume, intitolato La speciale psicopedagogia di Vygotskij, Giusi Antonia Toto, ricercatrice in Psicologia Sperimentale presso l'Università di Foggia, ripercorre l'evoluzione del pensiero di Lev Vygotskij, che ha portato al concepimento della nota teoria socioculturale secondo cui lo sviluppo cognitivo è influenzato dalle interazioni c...
Article
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Electroencephalography is an excellent tool for assessing neurobiological and neurotransmission dysfunction. Event-related potentials (ERPs) are a simple, non-invasive method of studying neurophysiology. ERPs reflect complex activity of neural networks to blame for discriminative behavior of people and recognition of novel stimuli. They are defined...
Presentation
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The history of twentieth-century American psychology is sometimes portrayed as a tale of behaviorism's growth and decline. While historians debate about the theoretical and social causes that influenced the development of experimental psychology, there is universal agreement about behaviorism's growth and (later) decline between around 1920 and 197...
Article
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Attention control is often examined behaviorally by measuring task performance and self-reported mind wandering. However, recent studies have also used pupillometry to measure task engagement versus task disengagement/mind wandering. In the current study, we investigated participants' ability to engage versus relax attention control in anticipation...
Article
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The present study aimed to investigate discrimination against transsexuals. A experimental study was carried out that consisted in the presentation of a fictitious news about photos of a person that were leaked according to the victim’s gender assigned at birth (male vs. female), their sexual orientation and gender identity (heterosexual vs. homose...
Article
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In this commentary, I argue that a research method solely focused on subjective data collection (phenomenological method) generates a vague and generic interpretation within the framework of the 5E theory, being unable to establish a clear and direct correspondence between subjective experience and their embodiment. For a more fruitful enactive ana...
Book
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Sumário Introdução Cronologia 1. Helmholtz e o espírito científico (1895) 2. A psicologia científica (1897) 3. Os postulados de uma psicologia estrutural (1898) 4. Psicologia estrutural e funcional (1899) 5. Prolegômenos para um estudo da introspecção (1912) 5.1. O estado atual 5.2. Diferenças evidentes no significado de “introspecção” 5.3. Result...
Article
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Die runden Geburtstage und die Todestage berühmter Personen regen an, sich an die Biographien zu erin-nern und nach der bleibenden, vielleicht auch abnehmenden oder neu verstandenen Gültigkeit des Werks zu fragen. So gab es ein Kant-Jahr (2004), ein Freud-Jahr (2006), ein Leibniz-Jahr (2016) und ein Brentano-Jahr (2017).-Was ist rückblickend über d...
Article
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Adult language users can infer the meaning of a previously unfamiliar word from a single exposure to this word in a semantically and thematically constrained context, henceforth, predictive context (Borovsky et al., 2010 Cognition, 116(2), 289-296; Borovsky et al., 2012 Language Learning and Development, 8(3), 278-302). Children use predictive cont...
Article
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This article investigates a scientific study of children conducted by Maria Lacerda de Moura from 1908 to 1921, and covers this educator's trajectory in the city of Barbacena, the site of her writing, scholarship, and dissemination of her ideas on experimental psychology. Important sources for this research were her request to the Minas Gerais stat...
Article
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Animacy effects in memory correspond to the observation that animates (e.g., cow) are remembered better than inanimates (e.g., pencil). Although the ultimate explanation of these effects seems to be well-documented, clear evidence that would support one or other of the proximate explanations of animacy effects has proven difficult to obtain. Here,...
Article
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Social robotics is an emerging field that is expected to grow rapidly in the near future. In fact, it is increasingly more frequent to have robots that operate in close proximity with humans or even collaborate with them in joint tasks. In this context, the investigation of how to endow a humanoid robot with social behavioral skills typical of huma...
Preprint
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Sustained attention is frequently assessed using either objective behavioral measures, such as reaction-time variability during a task, or subjective self-report measures, such as rates of task-unrelated thought (TUT) during a task. The current studies examined whether the individual-difference overlap in these measures provides a more construct va...
Article
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The present paper proposes a new application of the prediction of human behavior using TOPSIS as an appropriate tool for data optimization. Our hypothesis was that the analysis of the candidates with this method was influenced by the change of their behavior. We found that the behavior change could occur in more than one time span when the behavior...
Poster
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À la suite du confinement lié à la pandémie de la COVID-19, plusieurs recherches ont dû abandonner leurs méthodes de collectes de données au profit d’études en ligne apportant alors des méthodes relativement nouvelles dont la fiabilité est peu connue. Malgré des avantages tels que la facilité de collecter de plus grands échantillons, il existe auss...
Article
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The number of web-based studies in experimental psychology has been growing tremendously throughout the last few years. However, a straightforward web-based implementation does not exist for all types of experimental paradigms. In the current paper, we focus on how vertical response movements—which play a crucial role in spatial cognition and langu...
Article
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Research on language processing requires language-specific norms of pictorial and linguistic experimental stimuli across different psycholinguistic variables. Such normative data have not yet been collected for Lebanese Arabic (LA), an Arabic dialect. Arabic languages are characterized by diglossia: while modern standard Arabic is their common mean...
Article
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Background Disentangling the impact of social media use on well-being is a priority for psychological research. Numerous studies suggest that active social media use (ASMU) enhances well-being, whereas passive social media use (PSMU) undermines it. However, such research has conducted group-level analyses, potentially obscuring individual differenc...
Article
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When humans perform a task, it has been shown that elements of this task, like stimulus (e.g., target and distractor) and response, are bound together into a common episodic representation called stimulus–response episode (or event file ). Recently, the context, a completely task-irrelevant stimulus, was found to be integrated into an episode as we...
Article
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Funding to support students with dyslexia in post-compulsory education is under pressure and more efficient assessments may offset some of this shortfall. We tested potential tasks for screening dyslexia: recall of adjective-noun, compared to noun-adjective, pairings (syntax) and recall of high versus low frequency letter pairings (bigrams). Studen...
Book
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In the manual the "Experimental psychology" is considered as the independent scientific discipline wich is developing a theory, methods and practice of psychological research. The methodological bases of psychological research are analyzed detaily, classification and the characteristic of empirical methods are stated and schematically presented. Th...
Article
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The article is devoted to the 150th anniversary of the outstanding scientist of the XX century A. A. Krogius (1871–1933), who was at the origin of Russian experimental psychology and pedology in the early 1900s, the founder of Russian typhlopsychology. Krogius was a European-famous psychologist and worked for 12 years (1919–1931) at the Saratov Uni...
Presentation
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Abstract. The Sense of Ownership (SoO) and the Sense of Agency (SoA) are two components of bodily Self-Consciousness. The SoO is the feeling that our body belongs to us (Gallagher, 2000), while the SoA is the experience of executing and controlling an action (Moore et al., 2012). SoO and SoA can occur independently and show mutual reinforcement (Ka...
Article
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This article presents an introduction to Ludwig Binswanger’s Comments on Hermann Rorschach’s Psychodiagnostik, published in the International Journal of Psychoanalysis in 1923, after Rorschach’s death in 1922. Binswanger, one of the most distinguished psychiatrists of the twentieth century and a close professional colleague and compatriot in the Sw...
Article
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Complex problem solving is a high level cognitive task of the human brain, which has been studied over the last decade. Tower of London (TOL) is a game that has been widely used to study complex problem solving. In this paper, we aim to explore the underlying cognitive network structure among anatomical regions of complex problem solving and its su...
Article
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Note: This paper only elaborates my own theoretical viewpoint behind an experimental work currently in progress. Based on this theoretical framework, I formulated a project proposal that might test the culture-appraisal-interaction model of emotion reactivity. I was subsequently awarded the Newton International Fellowship by the British Academy in...
Article
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In experimental psychology and other applications, researchers will often have numerous datafiles (e.g., one for each participant) that need to be joined together into one larger dataset before data analyses. Many experimental software programs, including some increasingly popular ones (e.g., PsychoPy or OpenSesame), do not include data merging fun...
Article
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Purpose Equity research in experimental psychology reveals investors' overreactions to bad news events. This study of asymmetric price structures in equity markets investigates whether such behavior predicts stock returns in an emerging market of India. Design/methodology/approach The research decomposes Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) Sensex returns...
Conference Paper
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This paper examines the meaning and evidential role of reports of introspection in cognitive psychology. 1 A theory of scientific introspection aims to detail the nature, scope and limits of reports of subjective experience in science. Introspective reports best function as experimental data when combined with objective methods of stimulus control...
Preprint
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Randomized control trials (RCTs) have been the gold standard to evaluate the effectiveness of a program, policy, or treatment on an outcome of interest. However, many RCTs assume that study participants are willing to share their (potentially sensitive) data, specifically their response to treatment. This assumption, while trivial at first, is beco...
Article
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The article presents a study devoted to the study of cognitive dysfunctions in patients with schizophrenia and endogenous depression in their relationship with the functioning of the magnocellular and parvocellular systems. Mismatch in the work of neural systems leads to violations of the integrity of visual perception and to a violation of the sel...
Article
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This study investigated teachers’ monitoring and regulation of students’ learning from texts. According to the cue-utilization framework (Koriat, in Journal of Experimental Psychology, 126, 349–370, 1997), monitoring accuracy depends on how predictive the information (or cues) that teachers use to make monitoring judgments actually is for students’...
Article
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The article analyzes the factors influencing the formation of non-psychotic mental disorders (NPD) in students of higher education institutions.The purpose of the study is to analyze the factors influencing the formation of non psychotic mental disorders in students of higher education.Material and methods. We analyzed the results of a survey of 12...