Science topics: Expeditions
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Expeditions - Science topic

Usually refers to planned scientific data-gathering excursions.
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Publications related to Expeditions (10,000)
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The aim of this chapter is to explore how the labour market in smart cities could be affected following a pandemic (or similar large-scale disruptions), the possible scenarios and what approaches to take given the different possible outcomes. The chapter discusses what labour market areas have been struck hardest during the COVID-19 pandemic, the r...
Article
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Although monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) have been shown to be extremely effective in treating a number of diseases, they often suffer from poor developability attributes, such as high viscosity and low solubility at elevated concentrations. Since experimental candidate screening is often materials and labor intensive, there is substantial interest in...
Article
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Background Melanoma is the most aggressive form of skin cancer, with a tendency to metastasise to any organ of the human body. While the most common body organs affected include liver, lungs, brain and soft tissues, spread to the gastrointestinal tract is not uncommon. In the bowel, it can present with a multitude of imaging appearances, more rarel...
Article
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Neuroblastoma (NB) is the most common extracranial solid tumor and the treatment efficacy of high-risk NB is unsatisfactory. γδT-cell-based adoptive cell transfer is a promising approach for high-risk NB treatment. Our previous study has revealed that γδT cells in NB patients exhibit a poor proliferation activity and a decreased anti-tumor capacity...
Article
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Background: Primary immunodeficiencies (PI), which include more than 450 single-gene inborn errors of immunity and may affect up to 1% of the population, are genetic disorders that impair the immune system. If not properly identified and treated, individuals with PI are subject to serious, prolonged, and sometimes life-threatening infections or au...
Article
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Sex and gender inclusion are crucial in bringing COVID-19 to an end and preventing the next pandemic. Despite this, almost all research studies on COVID-19 and clinical trials of vaccines do not include data on women. How can we combat the pandemic if half of the human population is left out of COVID-19 research? The life-long consequences of this...
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Background Dyspnea is one of the common symptoms patients present to the emergency department (ED). The broad spectrum of differentials often requires laboratory and radiological testing in addition to clinical evaluation, causing unnecessary delay. Point of care ultrasound (PoCUS) has shown promising results in accurately diagnosing patients with...
Article
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For more than 20 years, robotic bioreactor systems have facilitated the growth of tissue-engineered constructs using mechanical stimulation. However, we are still unable to produce functional grafts that can translate into clinical use. Humanoid robots offer the prospect of providing physiologically-relevant mechanical stimulation to grafts and imp...
Article
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Clinical trials during public health emergencies of novel medical products such as therapeutics and vaccines in resource-limited settings are daunting due to the limited capacity for regulatory assessment. Regulating clinical trials during the Ebola outbreak in Sierra Leone required expedited evaluation to identify medical products that could be pr...
Article
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Background Information about the specific regulatory environment of orphan drugs is scarce and inconsistent. Uncertainties surrounding the postmarketing long-term safety of orphan drugs remain. This study aimed to evaluate the labelling changes of orphan drugs and to identify postmarketing safety-associated approval factors. Methods This retrospec...
Article
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Highlights The chemical process of local oxidation–partial reduction–deep coupling for stibnite reduction of carbon dots (CDs) is revealed by in-situ high-temperature X-ray diffraction. Sb 2 S 3 @xCDs anode delivers high initial coulombic efficiency in lithium ion batteries (85.2%) and sodium ion batteries (82.9%), respectively. C–S bond influenced...
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The purpose of this review is to revisit recent results in the literature where quantum plasmas with arbitrary degeneracy degree are considered. This is different from a frequent approach, where completely degeneracy is assumed in dense plasmas. The general reasoning in the reviewed works is to take a numerical coefficient in from of the Bohm poten...
Article
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Background: A clinical ability to describe the response trajectory of patients receiving preventive migraine treatment could expedite and improve therapeutic management decisions. This post hoc analysis of the PROMISE-2 study evaluated the consistency and predictive power of Month 1 treatment response on later response in patients with chronic mig...
Article
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Background Over the past decade, a new class of drugs called CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) modulators have shown to be able to improve clinical outcomes in patient with Cystic Fibrosis. In this analysis, we have extensively reviewed the regulatory pathways and decisions adopted by FDA and EMA to speed up the development...
Article
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The success and dominance of plastic products used in modern society have improved the quality of life but come with extensive environmental consequences. As a result, the United Nations, European Union, and several industrialized countries have put forth goals and action plans to expedite the recycle and reuse of plastic wastes to minimize their r...
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Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the leading contributor to cancer-relevant deaths worldwide with severe incidence and mortality. An extensive body of evidence has demonstrated that lncRNA plays a critical role in the oncogenicity of CRC. Despite the oncogenic function of FAM201A in esophageal squamous cell cancer and non-small-cell lung cancer, the pote...
Article
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The AGILE trial compared ivosidenib and azacitidine versus azacitidine for IDH1-mutant acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in elderly patients who were ineligible to receive intensive chemotherapy. While the results of this trial appear encouraging, various concerns become evident from the study design and methodology. First, the AGILE trial did not use p...
Article
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Freezing of paraffin through a channel of air conditioning system was simulated in present study by means of finite volume approach. The sinusoidal air gaps have been imposed within the PCM (phase change material) zone. With inclusion of nanoparticles within RT28, the thermal features have been improved and for estimating the properties, single pha...
Conference Paper
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ntroduction: Deep neck space infections (DNSI) are a common ENT pathology with a high level of morbidity, mortality and associated healthcare costs. We aimed to establish a definite plan of the management of the deep neck space infection in order to improve the health care service provided for those patient who are presented with high critical cond...
Article
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To create new system for heat saving and producing required cool air for building, new air conditioning system has been offered with involving several circular pipes containing paraffin. The thermal properties of paraffin have been upgraded with scattering MWCNT nano-powders and to apply the efficacy in modeling, the new material properties have be...
Book
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To the extent that terrorist acts perpetrated by Muslims triggered the "war on terror," and to the extent that these acts result from a poor knowledge of Islam, the “war on terror” could be reduced by a “war on error," in particular by a “war" on errors in traditional exegesis and jurisprudence. For these two pursuits were affected by militant rend...
Preprint
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A short research note offering preliminary comments on some still outstanding queries which the editors of the recently published 'May We Be Spared To Meet On Earth" have highlighted relating to Francis Crozier, captain of HMS Terror and the Expedition’s Second, to whom command devolved upon the death of Sir John Franklin on 11 June 1847.
Article
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A week-long expedition of attempting microerosion dating of petroglyphs was conducted in Garze Tibet Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, and Yushu Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Qinghai Province, in western China in August 2019. Zoomorphic petroglyphs dominate the extensive rock art of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. A total of twelve petroglyph si...
Article
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Purpose This retrospective study aimed to analyze the relationship between the volume of the fractured and the normal orbit in patients with unilateral orbital fractures with and without indirect traumatic optic neuropathy (TON). Subjects Data of 25 patients with unilateral orbital fractures who underwent computer tomography between January 2016 a...
Article
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The background of the study is Tiki communication strategy in promoting services between goods that can be attract consumers to use the services of the company. This study aims to determine and analyze the communication strategy of Tiki Jakarta. Facebook instalation this type of research is qualitative descriptive research with interview method, ob...
Article
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A new expedition to São Tomé, in March 2022 as part of the São Tomé and Príncipe “Archipelago of Biodiversity” project, allowed the collection of Gynacantha cylindrata Karsch, 1891 during a night hunt, at the using a light trap.
Article
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Arctic sea ice is changing rapidly. Its retreat significantly impacts Arctic heat fluxes, ocean currents, and ecology, warranting the continuous monitoring and tracking of changes to sea ice extent and thickness. L-band (1.4 GHz) microwave radiometry can measure sea ice thickness for thin ice ≤1 m, depending on salinity and temperature. The sensiti...
Article
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The first two expeditions carried out in 2019, as part of the São Tomé and Príncipe «Archipelago of Biodiversity» project, enabled the collection of Zygonyx torridus (Kirby, 1889) and Agriocnemis zerafica Le Roi, 1915, new species for São Tome and Príncipe. It was only in October 2021 that a third expedition could be organized, allowing the discove...
Article
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This text proposes to contextualize and analyze the novel by Maria (Nenê) Macaggi (1913-2003), “ A mulher do garimpo: o romance no extremo sertão do Amazonas ” (The woman from the garimpo: the romance in the Amazon’s extreme backlands), published in 1976 by the Official Press of Manaus, drawing a parallel with the author’s biographical trajectory....
Article
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The tethered balloon-borne measurement system BELUGA (Balloon-bornE moduLar Utility for profilinG the lower Atmosphere) was deployed over the Arctic sea ice for 4 weeks in summer 2020 as part of the Multidisciplinary drifting Observatory for the Study of Arctic Climate expedition. Using BELUGA, vertical profiles of dynamic, thermodynamic, aerosol p...
Article
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Objective In the intermarginal split lamella with labial mucous membrane graft procedure to manage major trichiasis, the graft is usually sutured in the receptor bed using 6–0 polyglactin sutures. We aimed to compare the use of fibrin sealant to seal the graft to the receptor bed versus the conventional technique using sutures. Methods This is a r...
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A new species of symphurine tonguefish, Symphurus oxyrhynchus sp. nov., is described from two specimens captured in deep waters (718-852 m) off Taiwan and Japan. This new species is distinguished from congeners by the following combination of characters: predominant 1-2-2-1-2 pattern of interdigitation of dorsal pterygiophores and neural spines, 14...
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Interdisciplinary sensitivity takes into account the epistemic upheaval of the Anthropocene. However, the still fragmented academic organization between nature and society counteracts intellectual progress. The paper explores the possibilities of enhancing collaboration between biology and sociology by providing an empirical reflection of common me...
Article
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Vaccinations to prevent infectious diseases are given to target the body’s innate and adaptive immune systems. In most cases, the potency of a live virus vaccine (LVV) is the most critical measurement of efficacy, though in some cases the quantity of surface antigen on the virus is an equally critical quality attribute. Existing methods to measure...
Article
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Smartphones and their associated applications are used frequently by patients and clinicians alike. Despite the technology being widely accessible, their use to aid in rehabilitation is yet to be adopted. The SARS CoV-2 pandemic has presented an opportunity to expedite their integration given the difficulty patients currently have in accessing heal...
Article
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Detailed descriptions of theory, structure, and activities with causal links to specified outcomes of wilderness programs are lacking. Addressing this gap, the present qualitative study gives a thorough description of the development of the Wilderness programme for Adolescent and Young Adult (AYA) cancer survivors (WAYA). WAYA is adapted to the ind...
Article
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Contamination of agricultural soils with heavy metals present lethal consequences in terms of diverse ecological and environmental problems that entail entry of metal in food chain, soil deterioration, plant growth suppression, yield reduction and alteration in microbial community. Metal polluted soils have become a major concern for scientists aro...
Article
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Submarine groundwater discharge is increasingly recognized as an important component of the oceanic geochemical budget, but knowledge of the distribution of this phenomenon is limited. To date, reports of meteoric inputs to marine sediments are typically limited to shallow shelf and coastal environments, whereas contributions of freshwater along de...
Article
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Financial inclusion has done its best across the world to bring unbanked people to the mainstream of financial and banking services. However, the metamorphosis is slow and needs some shots in the arm. This paper attempts to explore ways to expedite the process of economic development of the poor through financial inclusion. A newer technology, Open...
Article
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The Amami-Sankaku Basin, located in the Philippine Sea, records approximately 50 million years of sediment accumulation and diagenesis of volcanic ash derived from the Kyushu-Palau and Kyushu-Ryukyu arcs. Analyses of porewater and sediment samples from the 1461-m core recovered at IODP Expedition 351, Site U1438, included major and trace elements,...
Conference Paper
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Described in 2012, « coralligenous atolls » are rings (diameter=25 m) composed of a coralligenous central core and a crown made of rhodoliths. Thousands exist in a unique place: a 4-km² area at -115 m in the Natural Marine Park of Cape Corse and Agriate (French Mediterranean) and outside the french exclusive economic zone. In summer 2021, the Gombe...
Article
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In recent years, harvest and cultivation of marine biological resources, including commercial seaweeds, has increased significantly. The task of this research was the ecological monitoring of commercial fucoid seaweeds beds in coastal waters of the Barents and White Seas. Data of seasonal supervision at stationary biological station and materials o...
Book
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This study examines how ritualized behaviors help crews on 19 polar expeditions from 1850 to 1950 cope with the disruptions, stress, and dangers they encountered. Three categories of crews are identified: failed, successful, and extremely successful crews. The investigation builds upon work employing structural ritualization theory. This book is n...
Article
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Clinical ethics consultants (CECs) work in complex environments ripe with multiple types of expectations. Significantly, some are due to the perspectives of professional colleagues and the patients and families with whom CECs consult and concern how CECs can, do, or should function, thus adding to the moral complexity faced by CECs in those particu...
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Purpose of Review Clinicians struggle to recognize shock in pediatric trauma patients because traditional markers used in adults (tachycardia and hypotension) are late findings in children. Once present, hypotension is indicative of a child in extremis and interventions, such as blood transfusion and hemorrhage control operation, may be too late to...
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This paper investigates how the COVID-19 pandemic influenced student perceptions of online learning. This study examines how did the COVID-19 pandemic and the first-time transition to online mode of instruction influence Sino-Foreign University student perceptions of online learning in terms of (1) academic dishonesty, (2) privacy and confidentiali...
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To reduce the reliance on fossil fuel, H2, as a clean fuel, has attracted substantial research and development activities in recent years. The traditional water splitting approach requires an applied bias of more than 1.5 V and the use of ion‐selective membranes to prevent the formation of a potentially explosive H2–O2 gas mixture, resulting in inc...
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Oncology relies heavily on the process of tumour detection. The broad computer vision issues of image augmentation, segmentation, and classification are of primary significance in medical imaging. Due to its excellent spatial resolution, quick imaging speed, and widespread availability, computed tomography (CT) is one of the most often utilised ima...
Article
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Regulatory activity concerning the management of existing bridges has recently been affected by updates, for instance, in Italy, which calls for a speedy and pragmatic approach based on new technologies such as building information modeling (BIM), when dealing with the survey and risk classification as well as the evaluation and monitoring of struc...
Preprint
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Anti-cancer therapies based on synthetic lethality (SL) exploit tumour vulnerabilities for treatment with reduced side effects. Since simultaneous loss-of-function of SL genes causes cell death, tumours with known gene disruptions can be treated by targeting SL partners. Computational selection of promising SL candidates amongst all gene combinatio...
Preprint
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As for the deployment of other energy sources, the deployment of green hydrogen (technologies) can effectively be improved by the help of artificial intelligence (AI), digital technologies, Internet of Things (IoT) and machine learning (ML). The digital technology enables the optimization and automation of systems through enhanced data management a...
Preprint
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Predictions and forecasts of machine learning models should take the form of probability distributions, aiming to increase the quantity of information communicated to end users. Although applications of probabilistic prediction and forecasting with machine learning models in academia and industry are becoming more frequent, related concepts and met...
Article
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This paper presents the architecture and features of RiskScape software. RiskScape is an open-source software with a flexible modelling engine for multi-hazard risk analysis. The RiskScape engine implements modeller-defined risk quantification workflows as 'model pipelines'. Model pipeline steps and functions analyse hazard, exposure, and vulnerabi...
Preprint
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The mosquito midgut is an important site for bloodmeal regulation while also acting as a primary site for pathogen exposure within the mosquito. Recent studies show that exposure to dehydrating conditions alters mosquito bloodfeeding behaviors as well as post-feeding regulation, likely altering how pathogens interact with the mosquito. Unfortunatel...
Article
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Vehicular Ad hoc Networks (VANETs) facilitate the timely dissemination of road traffic information, including early warnings related to road conditions, weather updates, traffic congestion and collisions. The information exchanged in VANETs is crucial for maintaining uninterrupted traffic flow, minimizing road mishaps, expediting emergency services...
Article
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This research study investigates the challenges and possibilities of online education in Bangladesh. Online education has always been the future but the Covid-19 pandemic has considerably expedited the inevitable transition from the traditional classroom medium to the online medium. This research study is significant because it proposes to elucidat...
Article
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Real-time extract transform load (ETL) is the integral part of increasing demand of faster business decisions targeting large number of modern applications. Multi-source unstructured data stream extraction and transformation using disk data in distributed environment are the building blocks of real-time ETL due to volume and velocity of data. There...
Article
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Predictions of cloud droplet activation in the late summertime (September) central Arctic Ocean are made using κ- Köhler theory with novel observations of the aerosol chemical composition from a high-resolution time-of-flight chemical ionization mass spectrometer with a filter inlet for gases and aerosols (FIGAERO-CIMS) and an aerosol mass spectrom...
Article
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During the Fatimid period, viziers were gaining power by using military force. For this reason, the viziers had important powers within the framework of the rights granted to them by the Tafviz vizierate, whose rules were laid down by political theologians in the Islamic world, especially by Mawardi. In this process, which started with Badr al-Jama...
Article
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Introduction Our previous pilot work suggests relational harm reduction strengthens relationships between people with HIV (PWH) who use drugs and their healthcare providers and improves HIV health outcomes. However, there is limited research examining ways that structural (eg, strategies like syringe service programmes) and/or relational (patient-p...
Conference Paper
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Overwhelming catastrophes on a global scale due to the major and essential crises of recent years, geopolitical, climatic and economic and health, which interact with each other, require changes in the way we respond and manage crises, with a holistic planning to immediately strengthen security, the functionality of infrastructures and by extension...
Preprint
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Comparing the output of general circulation models to observations is essential for assessing and improving the qua