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Publications related to Exercise Science (2,192)
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Article
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The possible links between attendance and grades in higher education has been well researched, though less so within blended learning, or within sport and exercise science (SES) cohorts. This study explored the relationships between attendance, online course activity time, and the grades of SES cohorts during blended learning, throughout the COVID-...
Article
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Entrustable professional activities (EPA) are commonly integrated within competency frameworks across many healthcare curricula but are less evident in the training of Sport and Exercise Scientists. Equipping graduates with the key knowledge, skills and professional attributes to complete practical tasks competently with minimal supervision in the...
Article
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Introduction Resistance training can induce skeletal muscle hypertrophy and strength gains, but is also associated with acute muscle damage, characterised by muscle soreness, impaired muscle function, and structural damage to muscle cell membranes and its components. These consequences can be detrimental to future exercise performance and dampen lo...
Article
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Female participation in regular sport activities has increased in recent years, yet their representation in sports and exercise science literature remains low. This can be partly attributed to the complexities associated with the menstrual cycle (MC). Despite these challenges, sport and exercise science studies should not ignore the effects of the...
Article
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Monitoring of the physiologic metric, respiratory frequency (RF), has been shown to be of value in health, disease, and exercise science. Both heart rate (HR) and variability (HRV), as represented by variation in RR interval timing, as well as analysis of ECG waveform variability, have shown potential in its measurement. Validation of RF accuracy u...
Article
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International Journal of Exercise Science 15(6): 1295-1305, 2022. Since the inclusion in the Olympic Games (2008), open swimming races have attracted greater media attention and, therefore, have a greater number of practitioners, especially in Brazil, an extremely favorable country for this sport. However, increasing reports of fatal incidents in o...
Article
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What benefit might emerge from connecting clinical neuroscience with microbiology and exercise science? What about the influence of the muscle-gut-brain (MGB) axis on mental health? The gut microbiota colonizes the intestinal tract and plays a pivotal role in digestion, production of vitamins and immune system development, but it is also able to ex...
Research Proposal
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We invite you to submit an application for SMART funding (up to six grants, $500 each). This award supports student research projects (e.g., pilot studies, master's theses, dissertations) that can incorporate the CRAVE scale (Cravings for Rest and Volitional Energy Expenditure) into a current or planned student research project. The CRAVE scale, re...
Article
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The current technological advances have pushed the quantification of exercise intensity to new era of physical exercise sciences. Monitoring physical exercise is essential in the process of planning, applying, and controlling loads for performance optimization and health. A lot of research studies applied various statistical approaches to estimate...
Article
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International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 1262-1273, 2022. Treadmills are utilized as a training tool to improve aerobic fitness, but precise understanding of intensity and the corresponding physiological strain is critical for optimizing exercise prescription and associated adaptations. Running on non-motorized, curved treadmills may result...
Article
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Introduction To improve the rigor of science, experimental evidence for scientific claims ideally needs to be replicated repeatedly with comparable analyses and new data to increase the collective confidence in the veracity of those claims. Large replication projects in psychology and cancer biology have evaluated the replicability of their fields...
Article
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Introduction Oncology guidelines recommend participation in cancer rehabilitation or exercise services (CR/ES) to optimize survivorship. Yet, connecting the right survivor, with the right CR/ES, at the right time remains a challenge. The Exercise in Cancer Evaluation and Decision Support (EXCEEDS) algorithm was developed to enhance CR/ES clinical d...
Article
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International Journal of Exercise Science 15(1): 1236-1245, 2022. Quasi-stiffness (joint stiffness) is often used to characterize leg properties during athletic and other activities and has been reported by a single slope of angle-moment curve. However, the joint angle-moment relationship of some relationship are not effectively represented by a si...
Article
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Different from the most popular thinking, the placebo effect is not a purely psychological phenomenon. A body of knowledge from multidisciplinary fields has shown that the expectation of a potential benefit when receiving a treatment induces a cascade of neurochemical-electrophysiological alterations in brain reward areas, including motor-related o...
Article
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Little is known about worldwide biomechanics instructors use of evidence-based teaching and introductory instruction format relative to the COVID-19 pandemic. International biomechanics instructors’ perspectives were surveyed on the introductory biomechanics instruction, active learning (AL), instructional quality standards, and instructional forma...
Article
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International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 1212-1221, 2022. There are limited data comparing the efficacy of resistance loads within the hypertrophy range for promoting muscular growth, particularly when similar training volumes are utilized. The purpose of this study was to determine if two similar volume-loads, utilizing different intensiti...
Article
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The common understanding that loaded lumbar flexion is a positional hazard and a possible cause for injury has recently been disputed by certain fractions of the manual medicine and exercise science community [1]. Although a polarizing subject, this case study set out to investigate the first hand subjective experience of loaded lumbar flexion on a...
Article
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The promotion of physical activity (PA) by health professionals is a key strategy to increase PA levels in the population. In this study, we investigated PA promotion, preparedness, and knowledge among university nursing and allied health students and staff, as well as PA resource usage within curricula, before and after an educational intervention...
Article
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International Journal of Exercise Science 15(6): 686-701, 2022. Montmorency Cherry Juice (MCJ) may improve acute exercise recovery by attenuating inflammation and oxidative stress. However, the anti-inflammatory effects of MCJ on monocyte responses following resistance exercise have not been explored. Seven resistance-trained males (age: 22.9 ± 4.1...
Article
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Exercise is an active means to improve the body’s immune function, resist disease invasion, and prolong life. Research data shows that healthy people who exercise regularly have better cellular and humoral immunity than ordinary people. Although physical exercise can strengthen the body, unscientific physical exercise can also cause harm to the bod...
Article
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This paper describes the physical activity guidelines published during the nineties, as was recommended by the various Associations and Organizations in the United States of America (ACSM, AAHPERD, CDCP, AHA, NIH). After an introduction, the concepts of health, well-being, quality of life, exercise sciences, physical activity, moderate physical act...
Article
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Human muscle tissue undergoes dynamic changes in gene expression during exercise, and the dynamics of these genes are correlated with muscle adaptation to exercise. A database of gene expression changes in human muscle before and after exercise was established for data mining. A web-based searchable database, Exe-muscle, was developed using microar...
Article
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International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 709-720, 2022. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of distinct resistance training frequencies with equated-volume conditions in morphological and functional adaptations of the patellar tendon. Twenty-seven recreationally resistance-trained subjects (men [n=17] and women [n=10...
Article
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International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 709-720, 2022. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of distinct resistance training frequencies with equated-volume conditions in morphological and functional adaptations of the patellar tendon. Twenty-seven recreationally resistance-trained subjects (men [n=17] and women [n=10...
Article
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International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 910-933, 2022. The regular practice of resistance training (RT) has been shown to induce relevant increases in both muscle strength and size. In order to maximize these adaptations, the proper manipulation of RT variables is warranted. In this sense, the aim of the present study was to review the ava...
Article
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International Journal of Exercise Science 15(6): 1040-1051, 2022. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of repeated-sprint training (RST) on vertical jump ability and aerobic power in college volleyball players. Nineteen male volleyball players, aged between 18-24 years, were randomized into the RST group (RST; n = 10) and control group (C...
Article
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International Journal of Exercise Science 15(6): 974-984, 2022. The purpose of this study was to determine if significant relationships exist between absolute and relative lower-body power and selected measures of speed among male and female collegiate basketball players. Archived performance testing data from 29 (male = 14; female = 15) NCAA divis...
Article
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International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): X-Y, 2022. The regular practice of resistance training (RT) has been shown to induce relevant increases in both muscle strength and size. In order to maximize these adaptations, the proper manipulation of RT variables is warranted. In this sense, the aim of the present study was to review the availab...
Article
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We have been amid unhealthy living and related chronic disease pandemics for several decades. These longstanding crises have troublingly synergized with the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The need to establish research priorities in response to COVID-19 can be used to address broad health and wellbeing, social and economic impacts fo...
Poster
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THE EFFECT OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING INTERNSHIP ON SELF-EFFICACY Mary Kate Feit, Elizabeth Mullin, Adam Feit Department of Exercise Science and Athletic Training, Springfield College, Springfield, MA BACKGROUND: Internships are used in the field of strength and conditioning to bridge the gap between academic learning and practical work experie...
Article
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International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 896-909, 2022. Previous research has provided evidence that aerobic HIIT exercise can induce important physiological adaptations and elicit improvements in health and fitness parameters. However, most of the research has taken place in a laboratory setting with specialized equipment and monitoring de...
Article
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En esta sección se publican los resúmenes en español de artículos que han sido publicados por investigadoras/es de universidades costarricenses en otras revistas en el mundo, con su debida referencia al trabajo original, y con una breve explicación de dónde se realizó la investigación. Los artículos originales han sido publicados en otros idiomas;...
Article
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Knudson. Keywords are important bibliometric tools for classifying, accessing, and summarizing research. Communication in and external recognition of kinesiology research may be limited by inconsistent use of terms. Citations to the top twenty Google Scholar (GS) Citations Profiles were retrieved for 20 kinesiology-related subject keywords used as...
Article
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The global health and wellness industry has an estimated value of US$4 trillion. Profits derive from heath club memberships, exercise classes, diets, supplements, alternative ‘therapies’, and thousands of other products and services that are purported to improve health, recovery, and/or sports performance. The industry has expanded at an alarming r...
Article
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International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 771-782, 2022. This study aimed to compare the effects of high-speed resistance training (HSRT) and low-speed resistance training (LSRT) in physical fitness, and functional performance in untrained older women. Twenty-four women (62.2 ± 2.7 years old) were allocated to the HSRT or LSRT groups. The HS...
Article
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International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 782-796, 2022. This study examined changes in maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) force following dominant (Dm) and nondominant (NDm) unilateral, handgrip isometric holds to failure (HTF) for the exercised ipsilateral (IPS) and non-exercised contralateral (CON) limbs and determined if ther...
Article
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International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 797-807, 2022 The aim of the present study was to compare the myoelectric activation and peak force (PF) between pullover (PO) and pulldown (PW) exercises in different shoulder joint positions during maximal isometric contractions (0º, 45º, 90º, 135º, and 180°). Fifteen young, healthy, resistance-tr...
Presentation
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What to expect from interventions in sport and exercise is very rarely a precise affair. Often the best we can do is make potential directional predictions due to some vague verbal theory regarding the proposed mechanism of action for the intervention. Rarely are we able to a priori deduce what to expect as a point or even interval prediction. This...
Article
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As the fields of kinesiology, exercise science, and human movement developed, the majority of the research focused on male physiology and extrapolated findings to females. In the medical sphere, basing practice on data developed in only males resulted in the removal of drugs from the market in the late 1990s due to severe side effects (some life-th...
Poster
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Seasonal changes by position in fat-free mass index in collegiate American football players Jennifer B. Fields, 1,2 Maddy Dunne, 1 Adam Feit, 1 Kyle Beyer, 3 Meghan K. Magee, 2,4 Margaret T.Jones, 2,5 Andrew R. Jagim 2,6 1 Exercise Science and Athletic Training, Springfield College, Springfield, MA 2 Patriot Performance Laboratory, Frank Pettrone...
Article
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The body of literature on tendinopathy management has come a long way in the last few decades and a variety of changes in the clinical approach have emerged from this research. One particular approach that shows promise has been called “heavy slow resistance” (HSR), and this has been the subject of investigation in a number of randomized controlled...
Article
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The energetics of cycling represents a well‐studied area of exercise science, yet there are still many questions that remain. Efficiency, broadly defined as the ratio of energy output to energy input, is one key metric that, despite its importance from both a scientific as well as performance perspective, is commonly misunderstood. There are many f...
Article
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Exercise under hypoxia and the physiological impact compared to normoxia or hypoxia has gained attention in the last decades. However, methodological quality assessment of articles in this area is lacking in the literature. Therefore, this article aimed to evaluate the methodologic quality of trials studying exercise under hypoxia. An electronic se...
Article
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Abstract Background The maximal rate of oxygen consumption (VO2max) is an important measure in exercise science as it is an indicator of cardiorespiratory fitness. Individual studies have identified central and peripheral adaptions to interval training that may underlie improvements in VO2max, but there is no compilation of results. Objective We a...
Article
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International Journal of Exercise Science 15(2): 760-770, 2022. The present study aimed to compare the exercise order of an acute bout of resistance exercise (RT) on acute thyroid hormonal responses. Eight (n = 8) healthy men were randomly separated into two experimental groups: A) the order from multi-to single-joint exercises (MJ-SJ) and B) the o...
Article
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International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 747-759, 2022. The purpose of the current investigation was to derive an equation that could predict Functional Threshold Power (FTP) from Graded Exercise Test (GxT) data. The FTP test has been demonstrated to represent the highest cycling power output that can be maintained in a quasi-steady state f...
Article
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Background Increased circulating endocannabinoids levels are typically associated with aerobic exercise. This phenomenon is associated with a “runner’s high,” a state of euphoria and well-being experienced after a long exercise. We will provide in this review a transparent and standardized methodology following the PRISMA-P and Cochrane Handbook fo...
Article
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RESUMEN Rojas-Valverde, D. (2022). Rol crítico del trabajo final de graduación en el proceso de formación investigativa del estudiantado de ciencias del movimiento humano. PENSAR EN MOVIMIENTO: Revista de Ciencias del Ejercicio y la Salud, 20(1), 1-9. Las prácticas científicas son un pilar en la formación de los profesionales de las Ciencias del Mo...
Article
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International Journal of Exercise Science 15(6): 676-685, 2022. The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the acute effects of different durations of the isometric forearm plank exercise (IFPE) on peak force, echo intensity, muscle thickness, and perception of effort in recreationally-trained participants. Fifteen resistance-trained parti...
Article
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International Journal of Exercise Science 15(7): 599-615, 2022. The anaerobic metabolism determination is complex and the applied methodologies present limitations. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of different calculations (MAOD vs. AOD) on the anaerobic contribution using the dynamic knee extension. Twenty-four male...
Article
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Our objective in this letter is initially to analyze the terminology related to one of the main trends in exercise science and practice and then to propose a term that could be deemed preferable considering the comprehensive approach of this type of training. Recently, from the 2000s onwards, a new exercise trend emerged worldwide, driven mainly by...
Book
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Various health disciplines have expressed a growing interest in personalized medicine in order to achieve better outcomes of medical interventions. The physiological responses to change are often characterized by substantial inter-individual variability both on Earth and even in Space. Such variability is frequently underplayed or ignored in most s...
Conference Paper
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BACKGROUND AND AIMS Intradialytic exercise (IDE) is recommended for HD patients. However, this recommendation is mostly based on research conducted under optimal instead of real-world conditions, limiting generalizability and its implementation into routine clinical care. This study aims to analyze implementation outcomes of IDE in real-world condi...
Poster
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Lower back pain (LBP) is the leading cause of worldwide disability-adjusted life years with an estimated prevalence of 84%. Adaptations of the thoracolumbar fascia, measured using ultrasound imaging (USI), have been associated with lower back pain [1]. Further studies of the thoracolumbar have found USI to be a reliable method to analyse morphology...
Conference Paper
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According to the ACSM, wearable technology is the number one fitness trend for 2022. Division III schools are the biggest participant in the NCAA. In terms of the number of student-athletes, soccer is the second most popular sport in the NCAA. This is a continuation of research whose initial findings were presented by Lecher et al. (2022) in the 20...
Article
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International Journal of Exercise Science 15(3): X-Y, 2022. The purpose of the present study was to assess performance and morphological acute responses to the tri-set (TRI) resistance-training system. In a random order, 18 subjects (years: 30.0 ± 5.6; weight: 81.8 ± 13.4 kg; height: 173 ± 6.2 cm; RT experience: 4.6 ± 1.7 years) performed 3 exercis...
Preprint
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Aim: To investigate the quality of reporting in abstracts of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) in the physical activity field, according to adherence to the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) for Abstracts (primary outcome), and to analyze the recommendations of the selected journals regarding the contents and structure of the abs...
Preprint
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Investigation of the firing behavior of spinal motor neurons (MNs) provides essential neuromuscular control information because MNs form the final common pathway in motor control. The MNs activated during leg movements in human infants and rodent locomotion, mainly controlled by the spinal central pattern generator (CPG), show highly synchronous fi...
Article
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Physical inactivity (PI) is a leading risk factor for global mortality worldwide, a major preventable cause of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and a socioeconomic burden for healthcare systems. Fortunately, evidence shows that exercise interventions delivered by qualified exercise science graduates is an effective way to reduce PI, prevent and tre...
Article
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International Journal of Exercise Science 15(3): 507-525, 2022. Pre-exhaustion (PE) is a popular resistance training strategy that involves performing a single-joint exercise followed by a multi-joint exercise with minimal recovery between the transition. This approach is widely used by bodybuilding athletes and resistance training (RT) enthusiasts...
Book
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APRESENTAÇÃO Nos últimos anos, alguns questionamentos nortearam a minha busca pelo conhecimento nas ciências do exercício e esporte. O exercício físico sempre é benéfico? O excesso de exercícios físicos entre atletas é uma realidade? Do que se trata o overtraining? Qual a diferença entre overtraining e overreaching? Deve-se evitar exercícios extrem...
Article
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Aim: Cardiovascular physiology learned by exercise science students is often quickly forgotten. We tested whether a state rotation model would help students to recall key principles of Cardiovascular Physiology (CV). Methods: Seventy-one undergraduate students enrolled in the Exercise Physiology Course at the School of Physical Education and Sport,...
Article
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International Journal of Exercise Science 15(6): 473-487, 2022. Over the last few years, researchers and sport scientists have expressed an increased interest in the effects of interlimb asymmetry on aspects of sport performance such as jumping, sprinting, and changing direction. This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic utility of three differen...
Article
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The value of heart rate variability (HRV) in the fields of health, disease, and exercise science has been established through numerous investigations. The typical mobile-based HRV device simply records interbeat intervals, without differentiation between noise or arrythmia as can be done with an electrocardiogram (ECG). The intent of this report is...
Article
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International Journal of Exercise Science 15(3): 330-340, 2022. This study examined the potential impact of BMI on physical function and lower-extremity muscle strength (leg extension and flexion peak torque) performance in active/trained older individuals. Sixty-four active/trained older individuals were enrolled, and later allocated to groups acc...
Article
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Background: Use of dietary supplements (DS) and muscle enhancing dietary supplements (MEDS) is frequent among students despite the lack of evidence of effects and health risks related to consumption. We need to increase our understanding of students' motivation, examine potential gender differences, and explore explanatory factors, to address prev...
Article
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As traditional education transitioned from face-to-face interactions to virtual learning during the COVID-19 pandemic, faculty and staff in dental hygiene, nursing, and exercise science programs placed students at the center of every educational decision and promoted stability in learning with their commitments to excellence in teaching and the del...