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Hi,
I am looking for a research question with regard to EU Green Bond Standard that will come into force somewhere next year, from a law & Economics/Finance approach. Anyone suggestions?
Thanks!
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I am interested in
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I am looking for statistical data of telework, part-time and other flexibile forms in EU regions and USA? Could you recommend me the best way, how to find it? (Eurostat statistical databases and traditional way are known for me).
Thank YOU!
Matus
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Unfortunately, I can't help you, because it's not a topic I master. Thank you!
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Under green market thinking there is no room for the concept of green pollution, but in the world of green market distortions like the world of dwarf green markets such a concept is possible as you can come up with alternative academic facts or alternative academic definitions or alternative academic principles.
As current event in the European Union shows that is the new wave that the business usual model is apparently going through by defining its way out without a golden end goal like clean markets…. https://www.reuters.com/business/sustainable-business/eu-parliament-vote-green-gas-nuclear-rules-2022-07-06/
And this raises the question, Does the distortions created by the 2012 green market paradigm shift avoidance move allows room for advancing the concept of GREEN POLLUTION? I think yes, what do you think?
If you would like to provide your own views on the question, then please. If your answer is Yes, please explain why you think so. If your answer is No, please explain why you think so.
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Dear Lucio,
Unfortunately, the realities of environmental policy do not coincide 100 per cent with the need to urgently carry out a pro-environmental transformation of the classic brown growth, linear economy of excess to a sustainable, green, zero-carbon zero-growth and closed loop economy. We know that this is urgent and necessary in order to save as much of the biodiversity of the planet's natural ecosystems as possible and to reduce the scale of the climate catastrophe that, due to the progressive process of global warming, may occur very soon, as at the end of the current 21st century or even slightly earlier. This is what the latest IPCC reports indicate. The political reality of environmental policy is unfortunately determined by various factors, mainly economic, financial, political, including the issue of energy security, international trade in fossil fuels, charges for atmospheric CO2 emissions, lobbying by large energy companies, and so on. In the European Union, too, environmental policy is determined by many factors, i.e. determinants not only of the issue of protecting the climate, biosphere and biodiversity of the planet in terms of the next few decades, but also many issues of current politics and economics. On 6.7.2022, a vote was held in the European Parliament on the question of whether gas- and nuclear-based energy can be included among renewable energy sources. The European Parliament resolved, i.e. passed a resolution, that yes. However, it was clear before the vote that the distribution of votes for and against would be very even. Few votes could prevail for one side or the other. This has happened more than once in politics. However, nowadays, due to the war in Ukraine and the need to accelerate the process of pro-environmental transformation of the economy, including the pro-environmental transformation of the energy sector, the development of renewable and emission-free energy sources, the importance of environmental policy in the issue of energy development is growing. However, on the other hand, it is not possible to build many large-scale solar, wind, hydrogen, hydro, fusion-based, geothermal and possibly nuclear power plants in one year to replace all fossil-fired electricity and heat generation plants. Therefore, it was felt that a transition period of several years was necessary, during which power plants generating energy on the basis of low-carbon energy sources, i.e. natural gas and nuclear power, could be built and developed. Consequently, this kind of low-carbon energy is formally classified as so-called renewable energy sources. Of course, we know that renewable energy sources defined in this way are not emission-free energy sources. Therefore, the transitional period that is being introduced in connection with the potential occurrence of an energy crisis in the coming months and years should be followed by energy generation exclusively from renewable and emission-free energy sources. How serious a problem this is is shown by many current examples from the current situation of the energy sector. For example, in the country where I am operating now (8.7.2022), there has been media coverage of failures in 2 power plants. As a result, prices for energy generated from fossil combustion quickly went up on the energy exchanges. In contrast, the prices of energy generated from emission-free sources such as wind and solar power are currently at their lowest. Unfortunately, the government in my country has not taken these issues into account for 7 years, the fossil-burning power industry has been subsidised from the state finance system, the development of renewable energy has been deliberately slowed down and today still 3/4 of energy is produced from fossil burning. As a result, electricity in Poland is one of the most expensive for citizens, air quality one of the worst in Europe and, in addition, the risk of an energy crisis continues to grow. The EU's environmental and energy policy is being pursued in such a way as to reconcile various strategic objectives, such as, on the one hand, the need for an urgent pro-environmental transformation of the energy sector in order to save the climate, biosphere and biodiversity of the planet and, on the other, the issue of energy security. Unfortunately, in my country, environmental and energy policy is not being conducted strategically, i.e. with long-term, multi-annual planning, but with current political considerations. Short-term planning therefore dominates according to colloquial sayings: "somehow it will be done" and "let's hope for the next elections" (parliamentary elections, which in my country are already to be held in the autumn of 2023). In addition, the emerging symptoms of the projected slowdown in economic growth, and possibly also the recession and stagflation that may occur in 2023, may constitute significant barriers to the smooth and rapid implementation of the pro-environmental transformation of the economy, including the pro-environmental transformation of the energy sector. A particularly significant crisis factor is steadily rising and already double-digit inflation. In many countries, the prices of many products and services are rising from month to month. Citizens with the lowest incomes are most negatively affected by price increases. For example, price increases for tourism services in Poland in 2022 relative to 2021 averaged 17 per cent and were among the highest in Europe. Only Bulgaria had a higher increase. The smallest increases were in Malta, Italy and Spain. In Poland, the highest increases in tourism services were at the Baltic Sea and in the mountains, while the lowest were in Masuria. In addition, food prices have been rising rapidly for a year. Fossil fuel prices have also been rising rapidly since the start of the war in Ukraine. The prices of real estate have stopped rising due to a decrease in the number of people willing to buy a flat or house, which is linked to a decrease in the creditworthiness of the majority of citizens in 2022, which is a result of commercial banks raising their lending rates. In recent months, the prices of production factors have also been rising rapidly. In June in Poland, consumer inflation stood at 15.6 per cent and, calculated as full, cumulative inflation, was one of the highest in Europe. By contrast, producer inflation, which determines the average level of growth in the prices of production factors, was almost 10 per cent higher than consumer inflation. This means continued strong inflationary pressure for the coming months. On the other hand, production growth is slowing down in Q2 FY2022, the PMI is declining rapidly, and there are increasing signs of a slowdown in economic growth forecast for the next quarters and for 2023. There is a growing risk of recession and stagflation in many countries in 2023. The aforementioned economic problems stemming from previous socioeconomic policy mistakes made since the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic will be important factors slowing down the smooth and rapid implementation of the pro-environmental transformation of the economy, including the pro-environmental transformation of the energy sector, in the coming quarters and years.
Best regards,
Dariusz
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I am working on an assignment on EU governance, more specifically about multilevel governance in the European Union. I am familiar with the strategic-relational perspective of Bob Jessop and probably will use it on my assignment, however some additional literature or perspectives from a contemporary marxist point of view will be an interesting addition to my research.
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I know they give open and free reports, but its impossible to find them together in a dataset that would make sense. Not as statistics of countries assets in pension funds, but data on specific european pension funds. I tried to look on ecb.europa.eu and OECD, but data there does not make any sense
Thank you!
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Total assets of euro area pension funds increased to €3,347 billion in the fourth quarter of 2021, from €3,252 billion in the third quarter of 2021. Investment fund shares accounted for 46.1% of the pension funds sector's total assets in the fourth quarter of 2021. https://www.ecb.europa.eu/press/pr/stats/pension_fund_statistics/html/ecb.pfs2021q4~81dd3a433c.en.html#:~:text=Total%20assets%20of%20euro%20area%20pension%20funds%20increased%20to%20%E2%82%AC,the%20fourth%20quarter%20of%202021.
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While the regulation of artificial intelligence (AI) is still at its infancy in the EU and the US, it is already becoming apparent that there are different approaches among countries on how to regulate AI. Does this mean that an international agreement will become necessary later on? What are the pros and cons of such an international regulatory approach?
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The advantages of this organization are to give ideas to all countries about how to legislate this issue in their internal laws and ways to address the obstacles that face this issue. From one country to another, and the conclusion of such agreements may negatively affect these differences in ideas, cultures and social customs and tries to unify them, contrary to the desire of the behaviour of the members of those countries.
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Hello All,
I am currently investigating different standards related to IoT security. I am interested in EU-related or any International standards applicable to Security aspects of IoT devices. I came across a few standards and regulations like IEC 62443, ENISA, ETSI. But I would like to know more if there are any and also any published paper or article which has covered these things and evaluated using some metric.
Can anyone please let me know if there are any more standards (relevant to software updates and Embedded Linux based IoT in particular)?
Thanks in advance.
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The standards for cold countries are very strict, like the EU and the ASTM standards, but these actually apply for tropical countries?
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In the case of Cuba, as you know, there is no standard at all. Each country or region should develop or select one standard to be implemented. The selection of the ASTM 6751 or EN 14214 is not possible in our context, If finally, we decide to produce biodiesel for generalization, we have to deal with the development of a national standard, adequate to the technology for its use, the lab tech for its quality control, the transportation technologies to be used but the blending range.
A milestone!!!
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Any good source of Ostrinia nubilalis (European corn borer), preferably pupae, in or shipping to EU?
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Hi Mark,
I found this article. I do not know if they still rear Ostrinia.
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Currently, certain companies/sectors are obliged to participate in the EU ETS. While some companies don't fall into the scope of the EU ETS, I wonder if they can voluntarily participate by purchasing allowances from the compliance market, i.e. the compulsory market?
So far, I only found contradictory sources online.
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سؤال جيد كنت أتمنى الاجابة لكنه ليس ضمن تخصصي
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EU institutions are currently revising climate and energy legislation to align with the new target of at least 55% net emissions reduction by 2030. As part of that work the European Commission proposes to increase the EU carbon sink removal capacity, with an annual target of 300 Million tonnes removal by 2030. How can that target best be shared amongst the 27 EU countries? They have very different areas of natural/semi-natural sinks, and also sinks with very different characteristics, from blanket bog, to estuaries, seagrass beds, agroforestry, pastures, croplands and, of course, highly diverse forest and scrub types and carbon absorption rates. In particular, I am interested in how these sinks will behave under predicted climate change impacts and especially, in vulnerable areas such as the Mediterranean (I work in Spain)
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Planting new trees and improving forest health through thinning and prescribed burning are some of the ways to increase forest carbon in the long run. Harvesting and regenerating forests can also result in net carbon sequestration in wood products and new forest growth.
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I'm looking for referenceable information on the breakdown of buildings by primary structural support in the UK or EU e.g. Loadbearing walls of masonry, loadbearing panels, loadbearing frame and modular. Ideally also broken down for each year.
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Now I am working on the Europeanization beyond the EU. According to Schimmelfennig and Sedelmeier (2020), External Incentives Model can be applicable. But my question is: How to define the effectiness (access) of the external Europeanization? What methods are useful?
Thank you in advance!
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Dear Vladyslav Butenko . See the following useful link:
••Miró, J. European integration, social democratic Europeanism and the competitiveness discourse: a neo-Poulantzian approach to discursive policy analysis. Palgrave Commun 3, 17060 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1057/palcomms.2017.60
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Dear collegues,
I am looking for a distributor of Vulcan XC-72 (Cabot inc.) in Europe. I tried to contact the main office in US via their web-site, but got no response for this moment.
Anyone has a contact for XC-72 distributor in EU?
Thanks in advance!
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Thank you very much, Anurag! So, did you manage to contact them? Because I tried to contact them, but no response for ca. 1 week.
I'll try again anyway.
All the best,
Sergey
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Some EU environmental measures are beginning to damage the well-being and economy of member states. Where is the border between greenery and the well-being and rights of the population?
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@Lall B.Ramrattan tnks for your opinion.
Best regards
Ladislav
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Any arguments for or against hypothetical membership of Ukraine in the European Union would be appreciated. These comments may be used to generate future research and discussion within the graduate EU studies at my University.
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EU policy towards Ukraine and Russia remains a status-quo, regardless of critical voices pleading for changing EU’s policy towards Russia, especially in Germany. On the contrary, the EU emphasizes European unity, maintaining the sanction regime against Russia by upholding diplomatic channels at the same time and supporting the Ukrainian policy of territorial integrity. Its far-reaching association agreement with Ukraine has become operative. In the eyes of the EU, Russia alone represents the guilty party of the conflict.
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Hello
I guess that my question is one in a million, but I am looking to feed my Feedly (and my research as a result). I am interested in several domains and subdomains and thus looking for the best journals / newspapers/ magazines/ blogs/twitter profiles/twitter hashtags on :
1 International relations, in general, but also :
  • Paradiplomacy,
  • US foreign policy,
  • African news,
2. EU Regional Policy, in general, but also :
  • EU territorial cooperation
  • EU urban policy
  • Multilevelgovernance, europeanisation
Thus, please do not hesitate to recommend any point of information you deem worth of interest or even your own profiles.
Thank you very much in advance!
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Dear Tamara,
In some of my publications, I have described the process of adjusting the standards for the functioning of market structures, legal norms, the structure and operation of individual markets, industries and sectors of the economy, including adjusting the domestic financial system to the standards of the European Union. I have described the issues of adjustment processes to EU standards on the example of the country in which I operate. The aforementioned adaptation process began with the socio-economic changes in 1989, i.e. right after the system transformation. I studied the aforementioned adjustment process mainly on the example of the domestic banking system, which since the beginning of the 1990s was adjusted to the standards of functioning of banking and financial systems in the EU. Thanks to the conducted adjustment processes, the country was able to enter the structure of common EU markets, which happened in 2004. Thanks to these adjustment processes, the functioning of the domestic banking system was significantly modernized. The aforementioned adjustment process is also interpreted as an important factor in accelerating the processes of globalization of financial markets, a factor in increasing the standardization and unification of financial systems. I have described these issues in several of my articles and chapters of academic textbooks that are posted on my Research Gate profile.
Best regards,
Dariusz
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What are the main areas of EU influence? Why? How can we say that in a given geographical area the EU is acting as an International actor?
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For a scoping review in the field of health professions education I want to search the WHO, UN, EU resources as well as hand-search resources of other international bodies or NGOs. I know that the WHO has the Library Database IRIS, how about the others? Exists any register of such resources?
Or, is there even some kind of "guide" or literature out there on how to tackle this systematical.
Any help will be greatly appreciated!
------------------------------------------------
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Dear Carsten Weerth you are very right and DANKE for your input. I hoped somebody out there has already mapped more or less the resources of the international bodies. But as you said where would be otherwise the novelty :)
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I need the relevant legislation on social work/ benefits for the disabled people for a comparative analysis accross EU Member States
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In your opinion, it is right to take liquidation regulation in the EU, which accounts for around 7% of global emissions, towards carbon neutrality, with major issuers such as China and India continuing to produce extensively and the EU buying these products, so emissions are only move there ...?
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@ Sura Maqsoud... but this is still just in the frame of plans....
Best regards
Ladislav
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Nowadays, research data can be published and uploaded in different repositories such as Zenodo, IEEE and Mendeley. Many national RTO and universities also offer this service. The procedure is very similar and in all cases a DOI is automatically assigned. The key question is which one is the most appropriate for engineering/process data and why according to the actual EU data regulation.
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The Best (FREE) Data Repositories for Aspiring Data Scientists
Data is Plural. ...
Data World. ...
Google Data Set Search. ...
Kaggle. ...
Makeover Monday. ...
r/datasets/ ...
UCI Machine Learning Repository. ...
United States Government.
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Can the fuel station crisis in Britain be considered an inevitable result of Britain's exit from the European Union? Or as a result of current changes in the global energy market?
Can the crisis extend to other countries?
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Dea
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Ye
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Both, EU and UK worked intensively for many years to establish close collaborative links in academia and research.
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Ever since the UK’s decision to leave the European Union, observers have been keeping an eye on data on the movement of academics out of the country to see if there is any evidence of a “Brexit” effect, with EU scholars leaving for universities on the continent. But it seems that concerns about future funding and restricted opportunities have also led to some British academics deciding to take the plunge and move to institutions elsewhere in Europe...
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The EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is among the world’s toughest data protection laws. Under the GDPR, the EU’s data protection authorities can impose fines of up to up to €20 million (roughly $2,372,000), or 4 percent of worldwide turnover for the preceding financial year—whichever is higher.
Since the GDPR took effect in May 2018, we’ve seen over 800 fines issued across the European Economic Area (EEA) and the U.K. Enforcement started off somewhat slow. But between July 18, 2020, and July 18, 2021, there was a significant increase in the size and quantity of fines, with total penalties surging by around 113.5%. And that was before the record-breaking fine against Amazon—announced by the company in its July 30 earnings report—which dwarfed the cumulative total of all GDPR fines up until that date.
Top 10 fines so far:
  1. Amazon — €746 million
  2. Google – €50 million
  3. H&M — €35 million
  4. TIM – €27.8 million
  5. British Airways – €22 million
  6. Marriott – €20.4 million
  7. Wind — €17 million
  8. Vodafone Italia — €12.3 million
  9. Notebooksbilliger.de — €10.4 million
  10. Eni — €8.5 million
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Dear Mr. Sekulovic!
You pointed to an important issue. There might be a need for studies depicting the context and impact of this regulation package:
1) Karen Yeung, Lee A. Bygrave (2021). Demystifying the modernized European data protection regime: Cross-disciplinary insights from legal and regulatory governance scholarship, Regulation & Governance Early View, 04 May 2021, Open access:
2) Hallinan D. (2021) Biobank Oversight and Sanctions Under the General Data Protection Regulation. In: Slokenberga S., Tzortzatou O., Reichel J. (eds) GDPR and Biobanking. Law, Governance and Technology Series, vol 43. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-49388-2_8 Available at:
3) Ilse Heine (2021). 3 Years Later: An Analysis of GDPR Enforcement, Center for Strategic & International Studies, Sept., 13, 2021, Free access: https://www.csis.org/blogs/strategic-technologies-blog/3-years-later-analysis-gdpr-enforcement
Yours sincerely, Bulcsu Szekely
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I am urgently looking for information on the amount [t] of waste from used photovoltaic panels and lithium batteries at the level of Poland, the EU and the world from 2019 with projections until 2050.
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I am looking for publications, researches, surveys or expert opinions on the situation in regards to implementation of the TIR convention in the UK and EU, especially after Brexit ?
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What has changed? TIR Convention has longstanding experience and perfectly work
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It is public open to see registered interest groups on EU Committee web site aiming to provide transparency of lobbying in EU. Is there similar source in US giving obvious lobbying transparency view?
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I am doing a comparative LCA study between different roads in EU and I am looking for data related to machines used during (for instance: laying the pavement, etc.) the construction and maintenance phase of the road ( ex. per 1m2 or 1 km of road).
Thanks!!
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For LCA, i have been used various softwares such as SimaPro, GaBi and OpenLCA. You can get different datasets.
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Hello! I am looking into a number of different recruitment companies, and the prices are pretty obnoxious. We are conducting an 8-week longitudinal study (fully online/remote) based on an intervention introduced at Time 0. Then, we have three follow-up evaluations at 2 weeks, 1 month, and 8 weeks. We will handle participant compensation ourselves, so we do not need a recruitment company to facilitate this. We plan to recruit around 120 participants from the US, UK, Canada, and some countries in the EU (English-speaking participants).
So far, User Interviews (https://www.userinterviews.com/) and Find Participants (https://www.findparticipants.com/) seem to be the most cost-effective options, but I am not sure about the extent to which both of these platforms enable longitudinal studies and communication with participants for the follow-up evaluations.
Can anyone recommend one of these over the other, or suggest other cost-effective recruitment services for a psychological research study?
Are there other (free) ways to recruit participants that you might recommend?
Thank you.
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Dear Lynda Joy Gerry I hope this can on some kind of help due to the topic of tests and recruitment. All the best and welcome back. Stefan L
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As of September 2021, when the new academic year starts, it is expected that there will be a decrease in EU students and applications, as well as academics and researchers.
What might the future look like for higher education in the UK? What might the complications/difficulties be? What can we expect and what might still be considered as a gap for further studies?
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The United Kingdom is also a member of the European Higher Education Area. I think it would be interesting to review how higher education will be left with brexit as there are many agreements that are part of the EHEA.
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Few Member States could experience economic losses directly due to the endemic brucellosis in animals and people. For example, Greece presents the highest human brucellosis notification rate, probably underestimated, in absence of EU co-financed eradication programmes: male patients were found to be related to high-risk jobs and animal contact, aggravated by the concomitant COVID-19 pandemic that makes difficult to carry out a double battle, against Brucella and SARS-CoV-2.
One Health overlaps the EC Green Deal Plan and its relaunched Farm to Fork Strategy aimed at engaging consumers in the choice of local, healthy and sustainable products.
However, this model is unlikely to be adopted in areas where brucellosis persists and, consequently, the price of dairy products is not competitive due to the decrease of breeding yield.
Do you think that the inclusion of “Economic Health” in the One Health approach could lead appropriate initiatives aimed to achieve eradication (in territories economically unable to sustain the eradication cost) and the consequent alignment of EU policies One Health, Farm to Fork Strategy, EC Green Deal?
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I would like to add, that such diseases are notifiable, they are economically debilitating diseases for countries, not only because of losses in production but because of the costs spent on medical care and treatments, whether at the human or veterinary level, in addition to the losses that the country is exposed to due to the stop exports and the losses that breeders are exposed to because their work is affected by these diseases...So, certainly, we need a systematic and careful examination of the problems faced in promoting health for all by applying the economic theories of consumer, product, and social choices, which aim to understand the behavior of individuals, health care providers, public and private organizations, and governments in making the decision.
In fact, I think that the pandemic should help in that because its impact was on the whole world and not on a specific country or continent...Therefore, it should encourage cooperative measures and strategies not only at the level of countries but also at the level of continents to confront the economic crisis. ... My sincere gratitude, Doctor.
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How do you evaluate the European Union's position on Refugees? Is the EU fair enough? Can irregular migration be prevented?
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Economic and financial crises, military crises and the growing climate crisis occurring in developing countries and the lowest income countries, advancing unfavorable climate changes and the effects of these climate changes, such as the more and more frequent droughts and pest infestations on farmlands, drying out wells, and soil sterilization, the decline in the biodiversity of natural ecosystems, etc., are key factors that will result in an increasing scale of international population migration. Therefore, it is necessary to develop social welfare systems for refugees, support in adapting to new realities, develop social solidarity, accept and tolerate other cultures and value systems, etc.
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Hi
I need to know the limits of pH, TSS, BOD, COD, temperature, and other effluent characteristics for direct discharge into water bodies in the US and European Union standards.
Any help in this regard is appreciated.
Thank you.
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Hi. I suggest for you the following report that could help you:
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I wonder if there is any data platform that provides data regarding the shared mobility, e.g. use of car sharing, ride hailing, etc. for the EU member states, for free.
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Hello
I would like to calculate the MFN tariffs of the products and aggregate them into sectors. The MFN tariffs are referenced to be available from the below link.
The EU’s current MFN tariffs are available online from the World Integrated Trade Solution tariffs database, https://wits.worldbank.org/
Could anyone please advise, on the best method/tool to do this ?
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There's another database that could be better: https://www.macmap.org/en/query/customs-duties
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The European Union consists of 27 states that aim to integrate around a perfect idea, especially the "Unity in Diversity" principle. The Union has recently lost the UK. How will the pace of the Millennium Age affect the European Union's enlargement policy? What kind of future awaits the EU in terms of integration, which is going through really tough times such as the September 11 attacks, the scope of the Greater Middle East Project and the ensuing wave of instability and migration, the Euro Crisis, the EU's biggest enlargement, Brexit, the Covid-19 Pandemic ... ? It would be very valuable to evaluate the dimensions of Belarus, Ukraine, Serbia and Montenegro with the EU skeptics in the current members. Thank you.
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I think that the EU will not accept new members for a few years. The main reason for this is EU enlargement takes place when it does not face any major economic or political problems. Presently the EU is confronted with both type of problems. Although EU country leaders voted and approved 750 billion Euros to fight Covid 19 these funds are not available yet to be spent as all countries legislations and Constitutional court(s) (Germany ) must also approved. The BREXIT was a huge set back for European integration. Big problem is Hungary and Poland who do not abide with EU policies in certain areas that the vast majority of the other 25 countries are in agreement as the two countries are considered autocratic. As for the possible candidate countries EU is cautious to accept countries that will create more tension with Russia (Ukraine and Belarus). As for the remaining candidate countries EU will abide strictly with the Acceptance Copenhagen Criteria that require" the candidate state has the institutions to preserve democratic governance and human rights and has a functioning market economy."
I think EU will not accept another country similar to Hungary and Poland. Following the recent developments in the UK particularly the unwillingness of Scotland and possibly Northern Ireland to exit EU, it is possible that another referendum in the UK will reverse the BREXIT. Thus UK will be reapplying for EU membership as this will be the only way for UK to remain united. I hope this helps.
George K Zestos
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The European Union is where the world's most peaceful democracies live today. In addition, the member states of the Union are living a future that will bring prosperity through their common values. However, member states take their own military security in the context of external borders. How do you think this situation affects the Union's acting in integrity? The USA has many military bases in the most peaceful lands of the world. Especially the bases in Germany are noteworthy. Recently, the military presence of the USA, which has been concentrated especially in Greece, is at the forefront. It should also be noted the military deployment of the USA on the border of the former Soviet Union. How would you evaluate the US presence on the eastern border of the European Union? Is the European Union incapable of taking defense measures in integrity? Are member states showing weaknesses in their own defense measures? Should the deployment of the US be seen here only against Russia and in good faith? What path should the European Union follow in foreign policy formulation and defense in the future?
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The EU spends 40 percent on weapons resources singled out by the US, though the European population surpasses the US by more than 50 percent. In addition, European foreign policies do not without the involvement of three major European forces - Great Britain, Germany, and France - to which other smaller ones must join EU member states. Europe also exerts its influence globally through Transatlantic Partnership, NATO, which is not reduced only to EU-America bilateral relations, a politics is also essential neighborhoods and expansions. The success of the European Union has shown it is also mentioned in cross-border agreements and strategic partnerships with the United States and countries and from the BRIC group (Brazil, Russia, India, China), i.e., cooperation in areas such as energy security and human rights. With that, The EU also supports regional integration in Africa, Latin America, and Southeast Asia. The EU encourages global dialogue, 50 percent of the UN budget for development comes from European sources, and the EU is present in global development negotiations and forums like the G8 and G20.
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I am working on characterizing the gold tailings from an abandoned mine to test their potential hazard to the environment and the adjacent community
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Dear Zibisani Bagai many thanks for your interesting technical question. I think it will be easy to search the general internet for soil quality standards issued by the WHO or the EU. The question if gold tailings from an abandoned mine present a hazard to the environment and the neighboring community is certainly very interesting and important. In this context I can suggest to you the following relevant article entitled:
The environmental impact of gold mines: pollution by heavy metals
This article is freely available as public full text on RG.
Also please see this paper which can also be freely downloaded as pdf file:
Mine tailings influencing soil contamination by potentially toxic elements
I also suggest that you use the "Search" function of RG to find and access other potentially useful articles on this topic.
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We are looking for a suitable alternative antifoam for a biotechnology process (GMO, E. Coli), product quality food, product for EU market. We know, that we cannot remove the antifoam during DSP part. The antifoam remains in final product. What antifoam should we test to be in compliance with EU quality requirements?
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( ex: t-sirt, complet,....)
can you help me????
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Suggest you skim issues of Textile Outlook International published in UK.
Best wishes
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I would like to know if you had studied outside the EU and would like to work in the EU, should you be getting an approval or equivalence from any board or authority?
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Depends on several factors, mostly on the EU country where you would like to work and the type of your education. First of all, your higher education institution you studied abroad has to be certified/accredited within your country. If it is some private university without national or international accreditation, your diploma will not be recognized in the EU. In case your university is accredited, you will have to find that country's national ENIC-NARIC office, which is in charge of foreign diploma recognition. After their procedure, your diploma could be recognized in order to work in the specific country of the EU. In case you want your diploma to be recognized for the purpose of education (like a postdoctoral degree), universities are usually in charge of that.
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Hi everyone, as humanity we go through a great test. Almost all international flights were cancelled. EU closed all its doors. Governments warn their citizens not to go out onto the streets.
How do you spend time in these days? How do you support your resilience? and How do you help others to have a good mental health?
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Work from home, supervise online schooling, household chores etc. I remain grounded through meditation, exercise and spending time with family.
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I believe the EU is not utilizing its capacities and tools to coerce Ankara to get back to rule of law and normalcy. What are the reasons of this approach?
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Turkey has leverage - immigrants. If the borders open then the EU is doomed, at least that is how the EU sees it. Turkey has an important role in the middle east - from the security perspective. They keep extremists and terrorists out of the EU - The Gate. So, the conclusion is 'yeah you are bad, but we need you.'
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In 2011, EU has adopted the Framework for the quality of services of general interest (SGI). It guarantee access to the main services for all citizens. Now, the question arises: Whether certain number of EU citizens is actually discriminated?
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The organisation of SGI, the financing, access (and its conditions incl. co-payments by the user) still depend on the rules of the respective member state.
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INSPIRE (EU SDI) antecedents and the history of its development.
Do yo know if there any article or information sources where is possible to obtain and understand the development of INSPIRE (EU SDI) since its beginnings?
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Gabriel Asato , I recommend for you this report:
I hope it will help you and will be useful
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I a looking to confirm or falsify the often made claim that the period from 1970-1985 was the "dark age" in EEC legislation. For this it would be useful to have a numerical comparison..., ideally also within that period.
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very good question
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According to the EC plan, the Health Union should be constructed through regulations: by choosing from the start this path, instead of pushing for a change in the EU treaties, isn't hampering down it future capabilities?
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To be honest, I haven't really followed that project, and thus rather have more related questions than an answer. One may ask whether this will a) prioritise health in the EU over other world regions (problematic, as we see in times of pandemics) and b) how these EU regulations will relate to the International Health Regulations (IHR): will they be more ambitious?
The supposed bias or ineffectiveness of the WHO is not necessarily the main question here, I believe: The Regional Office of WHO in Copenhagen deals with health issues in Europe and could potentially have a separate approach from other regional offices.
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The compatibility of DLT-based applications with the GDPR has been reviewed in the past years, but the conclusions were in general not very sharp. Often, scholars underscored the fact that compatibility or lack thereof can only be assessed on a case-by-case basis. This is at least the conclusion I drew in my article on the matter, available at :
.Yet, I wonder if, with the recent developments in technology and applications, and with the better understanding of how the GDPR is implemented, time has come for a renewed assessment of the relationship between the two. Are there ways to make DLT applications a priori GDPR compatible? if so, how? Or, to the contrary, are DLT a priori not meeting the GDPR requirements? and if so why and what should be fixed when it comes to concrete use cases?
Many thanks for a lively discussion.
Christian Pauletto
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It's definitely tricky, as you have two opposing principles:
1) What happens on the blockchain, stays on the blockchain
2) The GDPR "right to be forgotten"
This implies that you can certainly never place any form of personal information on a blockchain, but only links to or hashes of such information. However, this in turn breaks another principle, namely that you should never sign something you don't know the content of. What happend if the information that is pointed to changes? Is it possible to perform a birthday attack on the hash by preparing two different messages with the same hash?
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Hi, I'm currently writing a bachelor's thesis regarding space policy-making in the EU. I concluded that the existence of external actors in Europe undermines the global actor status of the EU. The EU suffers from the institutional conflict of interest among different disparate institutional actors within the EU.
Could you share your thoughts on the topic and some sources i could look into for a more detailed analyses of the matter?
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Wouldn't this increase Europe's significance as an actor in space policy-making? EU nations, with the exception of France, don't have proper Space programs or particular interest in them besides military satellites. The ESA gives Europe a sort of legimitacy/voice( and funds for it) rather than USA and Russia monopoly
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What factors brought the euro value of the GBP from 1.5 euro in 2004 to 1.06 euro today?
A -41% loss, of the British Pound, that's a lot.
How could this happen?
Is it a cause a consequence of Brexit?
Does it reveal a weakness of the British Economy versus the Eurozone?
Is it an opportunity of increased competitiveness of UK, to export goods and services becoming cheaper if produced in the UK than in the Eurozone (UK vs Eurozone, comparable to Mexico vs USA?)
Your views?
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Teething problems are bound to occur soon after Brexit and I am not particularly worried by the weakness of the GB pound against the Euro.. Given the fact that billions of GB pounds have recently been negotiated and generated by the UK in new world economies, that the FTSE has gone up by 9 notches recently, that new world markets are currently being negotiated in New Zealand, the USA, Australia and the Pacific countries I am confident that the GB pound will recover handsomely. A word of caution. I am not an economist and do not profess expertise in high finance. The view expressed above is a layman's view based on what facts he knows of.
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Could you recommend me some articles about the exceptions and limitations of copyright in EU digital education?
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Sorry.. don't know
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The collapse of the British currency since the campaign for the Referendum on the Exit from the European Union, in 2015, when it was exchanged as 1GBP for 1.43 euro at its peak value then, has happened, with 1GBP buying roughly 1 euro now, after the failure of the UK to find an agreement with the EU [1].
Is it not an ideal time for the UK to join the euro-zone?
Were it to do this, it would clean its slate at once, rejoining the EU, and escaping the irrevocable recession if not depression the Bank of England says it is doomed to face with BREXIT, further aggravated by the Economic Crisis caused by Covid19, and job losses yet accelerating.
Were it do do this, it would join the "Recovery Package" opportunity and commitment, a New Deal of Europe of a magnitude not seen since the USA's New Deal of President Roosevelt.
Will the UK instead enter an era of splendid isolation and slow descent from among the Top Economies, as Spain centuries ago, when it was caught in the illusion of America's gold [2], and stopped developing its economic activities in new sectors?
Will we observe "retro-colonisation" of UK by:
-India (see Tata owner of Jaguar Landrover, the brand of cars which Her Majesty the Queen used to drive on her estates),
-China (nuclear investment in power production, jointly with French investors)?
-others? Russian investment in London real estate is significant, e.g....
Which economic scenarios do you envisage for the GBP and the British Economy?
A bright future, which has been promised, or an era of hardship as the post-World-War2-UK ?
References
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Edward, thanks for this input. Is it what you genuinely believe or an official statement required to be politically correct?
Brexit is about control:
-border and anti-immigration measures
*students charged 21 000 GBP/year not allowed to work afterwards, they go elsewhere
*trained health professionals who staffed 30% of medically qualified positions, not coming any more. Health sector understaffed
*business innovators (like Marks, Polish cofounder of M&S) or technology domain creators (like Marconi, Italian, who gave UK a headstart in radiocommunication lasting to this day with 5G) would go to Berlin in 2021
-currency control
Germany has successfully re-unified, giving up its Deutsche Mark, joining euro, helping Greece restart
The EU has a strong relaunch package for all its members
The Bank of England controls the currency of an island... Cup of tea?
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The question is chaotic yet very relevant. Why would a country hate its own government?. A good example to note from the elections of May 2020 where countries in Europe send their representatives to EU. A number of far right parties and others who didn't believe in the EU principles got a large share of votes. Countries like Greece, Moldova and Bulgaria have among the least government popularity percent's. There are others too, outside of EU-Saudi Arabia for one, Pakistan , Israel, Jamaica, and even PRC (though they haver no elections). Its important that the governments woke up to the fact that people ultimately determine the direction of the governments-and its people who will ultimately decide how can government stay in power-with or without the use of force.
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Its true; in true democracy, people are powerful and can topple the government through election. In dictatorship, it is the other way around. The controlling junta prefers the pursuit of their own interest over the needs of the ruled society.
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Not yet answered
Anyone having experience on BankFocus? I'm trying to find users guide/tutorials on downloading data for multiple countries and multiple years from BankFocus but it only gives last available year data; that is, only 2019. I'm trying to download data for European union banking market but unable to secure multi year data for the 27 countries, although I have full access to the database.
I would be grateful for your guidance and positive response.
With best regards,
Syed Sadaqat Ali Shah,
Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing
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I got it. Thank you all for your responses. I can now download required data with convenience.
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Dear Colleagues,
I am thinking about applying for ECR Consolidator Grant (I am 9 years after receiving my PhD). I have checked the web page of the scheme and I would be very interested in your experience with this funding (or other type of ERC grants). There is five months until the deadline, is it enough? How do you recommend to start the process? (contact the host institution, make a short draft, etc?)
Thank you very much for your recommendations!
Best
Matúš
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Hi
i have not applied for such ERC grants...no experience..but i think its great option as well as opportunity to work with a national level researcher... to come up with a great purpose for both upliftment of onself and upliftment of our organization...
GREAT IF I WILL GET SUCH AN OPPORTUNITY....
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In academic and professional level.
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With the term Health Law, I mean Public Health Law, Medical Law and other subgenres. The question refers to academic and professional fields.
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With the term Health Law, I mean Public Health Law, Medical Law and other subgenres. The question refers to academic and professional fields.
… Read more
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So far I have not managed to find a solid overview of Hungary's EU policies. Most of the literature talks solely about Fidesz and it's 'different' approach to the EU. How has Fidesz since 2010 and other governments before that substantively approached the European Union?
Any suggestions welcome!
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Dear Tibor Hargitai,
The following two texts might be helpful when it comes to more recent developments (though not if you want information about the negotiations in the last couple of weeks):
1) Vachudova (2020), Ethnopopulism and Democratic Backsliding in Central Europe. East European Politics
2) Sitter & Bakke (2019) Democratic Backsliding in the European Union. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics
Best,
Florian
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How can we explain with neo-functionalism the migration challenges that the European Union faces since 2015 and the impact of the migration challenges
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Dear Reema Al-Tawil,
There was recently a special issue in the Journal of European Public Policy which examined how European integration theories can be applied in the current context and to better understand current crises. One of the articles is linked below, perhaps this or the other articles in the special issue are helpful.
All the best, Florian
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Education is on standstill, The youths are protesting for their rights to live (#EndSARS, #EndPoliceBrutality, #EndTheKillings, #......), Universities are closed because of poor funding by the government, many things are awfully wrong in the country. So, how long will it take for the United Nation or European Union (if possible) to intervene in the activities of any nation that is under siege?
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What kind of intervention do you expect?
Nothing contained in the UN Charter authorize the United Nations to intervene in matters which are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of any state. If Nigeria wants to close its Universities I do think that is within its jurisdiction.
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Hello,
I know they do exist (Beck, Hubrich and Marcellino, 2009), so if you were working with data on annual regional cpi/ inflation data for Germany, Spain, UK or Italy - please provide a link, attach a file, etc. My dataset starts in 2003.
Thanks!
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Dear researchers,
The COVID-19 pandemic has large societal and economic impacts, from which also different stakeholders involved in EU H2020 energy projects are affected. With this survey, we would like to find out how the crisis affects the stakeholder engagement activities of current energy AND marine research projects.
This survey is aimed at researchers responsible for stakeholder engagement - be it project coordinators, or other partners who perform stakeholder activities in your research project.
Completing this survey will take you around 15 minutes. Your answers will be greatly appreciated, and collected information will only be used for the purpose of the research project and will be treated anonymously. By participating in this survey, you agree to our data protection standards (see GDPR Disclaimer for further info). Your answers will enable us to understand the current situation of stakeholder engagement during the COVID-19 pandemic. You will thus contribute to helping existing and future EU projects to tackle this challenge.
This survey is conducted as a cooperation between the EU H2020 projects SENTINEL (energy science) and PANDORA (fisheries science). We personally want to thank you for supporting our research!
Do not hesitate to get in touch if you have any questions regarding this survey or our study.
Warm regards from the SENTINEL and PANDORA project!
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Completed
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Hello everyone,
I am searching for legislation regarding the legal limits of furosine in milk but I have found so far only information regarding Italy. Are you aware of other EU and not EU countries setting maximum levels in milk or other commodities?
Thanks a lot!
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@ Sonia Colicchia, nice question.
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Hello!
I am working on the statistical analysis part of a manuscript and I would like to know how do I reference my source which was Eurostat's database: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/health/health-care/data/database
Thanks!
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Dear Guido,
One way is bookmark and use the link but generally the links used to be too big, you can make an internal reference to a text or table/graph caption. Please do share if you found other ways in the meantime.
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Financial Guarantees are a financial deposit to be provided to the state by the mining operator to ensure that the closure cost are not transferred to the society. In the European Union the main regulatory framework are the Extractive Waste Directive 2006/21/EC and the Environmental Liability Directive 2004/35/EC. Are there available any reports, experiences or case studies on the determination and calculation approach of financial guarantees inside and outside of Europe ? Thank you in advance !
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No bother at all. A draft was discussed in a stakeholder workshop with EC and member states representatives in June 2020, and will be available latest at the end of the year.
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The rationale and the description are quite clearly recognizable in the question per se...
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The EU's values, institutions, and the effectiveness of the single market are a model for other regions around the world. I wonder if values alone are sufficient in a cut-throat world, spanning an assertive China, lackluster growth, and divergent foreign policy views with the U.S. Whilst the EU's institutions and its transition towards a greener economy will benefit its economies over the long run, it must contend with the "enforceability" of its values that underpins global rules-based order. Greater EU assertion on issues like China and Huawei could be sticking points in its relationship with the U.S., but its approach to China has been exemplary; branding is a strategic rival even as it continues to advocate greater openness and market access. In other for European values to thrive, its soft power via foreign aid and economic cooperation will more readily serve as an anchor for the global economy.
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Last weekend millions of Poles went to the ballots to vote in the presidential election. The election was in many ways a crossroad for Poland, will Poland go down the road of liberalism or continue down the road of conservatism and nationalism? Will Poland rejoin the European family of nations or will they be the travel companion of Hungary on a path towards further nationalism and isolation?
The implications of this elections are many and most of them are related to issues such as the future relation to the EU, the independence of the judiciary, independence of the press and in the long run, perhaps even the future of Polish democracy. I wrote an article on the subject that was published and syndicated in news outlets across Africa and the Middle East and I will share it with you, in case you are not familiar with the subject, I received many comments and questions from readers so I thought it might be an interesting debate. The article can be found here.:
What are your thoughts about the future of Poland, the EU and the issues laid out here in this text? The words is free..at least for now.
Best wishes Henrik
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Unfortunately, some are doing everything to steal European identity. Such threads are obliging Poland and other countries to draw the specifed and private identity .
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Governments are addressing the COVID crisis by means of a substantial fiscal expansion, often supported also by monetary policy. Even if the crisis is temporary, this will likely result in considerable increases in debt to GDP ratios. In your view, will this entail restrictive policies in the medium term? And will interest rates stay very low even in the longer run?
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As part of socio-economic anti-crisis policies, interventionist budgetary, fiscal, monetary, etc. policies implemented in order to activate economic growth and quickly recover the economy from the economic crisis caused by the SARS-CoV-2 Coronavirus pandemic (Covid-19 disease causing) so-called Anti-crisis shields. In some countries, due to the use of high-budget Anti-Crisis Shields, the level of public debt will increase to the maximum security thresholds of the public finance system and sometimes also in terms of credit and systemic security in commercially operating financial systems, including banking systems. Therefore, if similar economic crises would be repeated in subsequent years, unfortunately the possibilities of financing subsequent similar Anti-Crisis Shields will be much more limited than those currently launched and implemented in the months March - June 2020. This issue concerns many countries, including also some countries in the European Union and other regions of the world.
Greetings,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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This question is in the context of illegal migration Routes to EU by African Youth;
Border management Policies: Pre and Post- COVID-19
EU border management Agency Role
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Following
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So much is in a flux right now, the level of uncertainty is high and there is a constant battle between narratives. What is your opinion; when will our economies start to recover? Many businesses are in deep crisis, like airlines, reaturants and the whole travel industry. What are your thoughts?
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Normalizing the global health crisis will take 1-2 years (acute measures); stabilizing the economy back will take 3-5 years. This is a war-like control szenario, in terms of mathematical and physical modelling.
EU recovery will be chronically slower, because of stronger state interventionist storms, e.g. monetary union into debt union.
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I do not see other way out of this inmense crisis within the European Union. Neither MEDE, nor Eurobonds. From an overlapping generations perspective, with children and young people (who have probability quasi-zero of being infected) being forced to stop their lives and careers, we mid-age and mature people are the ones who must bear the cost of the COVID-crisis. And this means inflation (never debt). Therefore, direct monetization of aid for the shock and partial debt relief. And then, a re-europeization of the investment flows (yes, protectionism) with a strong industrial policy direction in mind.
I am conscious of the asymetric international effects of the shock within the european partners. But, either we together, and in the current generation, bear the whole cost in the form of inflation, or our legacy for future generations (within an already highly leveraged framework) is conmdemned to a Euro-collapse in 15 years. What do you think?
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Well, Europe is better placed with institutional systems and strategies to recover from the COVID-19 (Chinese Virus). Africa with its maximally corrupt politicians are worst of, and in a frightening position. All over the world, efforts must be made for China to pay for this global danger. And Europe and America should be at the front of taming China and recouping compensations from China. This is one major way of protecting European youths and future generations from future bio-terrorism, or techo-science oppression. Africa must learn this.
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Covid 19 seem to be an huge crisis factor for the economy of several country .
Im looking data for a first evaluation on EU and USA economy for to understand the best action for fight this impact .
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It reduces the economic impact of the main industries due to irregular operation in compliance with the lockdown.
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What is the fate of the European Union in the after-krona?
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Within the EU, a person is considered at risk of poverty (RoP) if the person's income is less than 60% of the median income of the population the person is living in. The risk of poverty is determined by the income distribution.
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why median?, cause it lower than mean?. and why income become proverty variable?, why not consumption
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To bring in SDG goals a shift to common household data base by breaking silos will transform to bring in EU o Human Resource
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للأسف هناك هناك نقص في البيانات
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Hello!
Is it possible to extract the .tiff file into .csv? Such as weather data, from http://worldclim.org/current, I want to get the value of each point, especially for the EU region. I tried using ArcTool conversion (raster to ASCII) but seems they did not separate the points by region.
Thanks
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Thanks! I managed to use R, using rasterToPoint. But this helps too. Thanks!
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