Questions related to European Union
"Could you please share your background and experience in the retail industry, particularly in relation to AI technologies? What makes you an expert in this field?"
Value Co-creation (Theory of Value Co-creation):
"How do you see AI technologies enabling value co-creation between retailers and customers in the European Union? Can you provide specific examples?"
"What role do customers play in value co-creation when AI is implemented in retail services?"
"From a resource-based perspective, what are the key resources and capabilities that retailers need to effectively implement and leverage AI technologies?"
"How can retailers in the European Union build competitive advantage through AI-driven resources and capabilities?"
Diffusion of Innovations:
"How have you observed the diffusion of AI innovations within the retail sector in the European Union? What factors have contributed to the adoption or resistance of these technologies?"
"Can you share examples of how retailers have successfully adopted AI innovations to enhance their operations and customer experience?"
AI Concepts and Developments:
"Can you discuss the current developments in AI technology that are particularly relevant to the retail sector in the European Union?"
"How have these developments impacted the operational efficiency and customer personalization in retail?"
AI Applications in Retail:
"What are some innovative applications of AI in the retail sector, and how do they contribute to cost-effectiveness and value creation?"
"Can you provide examples of AI-driven services that have significantly improved customer engagement and loyalty in the European Union?"
Barriers and Enablers to AI Adoption:
"What are the main barriers to AI adoption in the retail industry in the European Union, and how can they be addressed?"
"Can you discuss any enablers that facilitate the successful implementation of AI in retail?"
Data Privacy and Ethics in AI:
"How do retailers address data privacy and ethical considerations when implementing AI technologies? Can you provide examples of best practices in this area within the European Union?"
Implications of AI in Retail:
"What are the implications of AI integration within retail management practices in the European Union? How does AI shape the future of retail business models?"
"What advice would you give to retailers looking to leverage AI for cost-effectiveness and value creation?"
"Is there anything else you would like to share or think is important for my research on the impact of AI on cost-effectiveness and value creation in the European Union's retail industry?"
Hi there, I am planning to conduct a research on 'Enhancing the generation of electricity from RES for stabilizing the energy market'. I am thinking to use 'energy trade index' for the EU countries in the model for different years to calculate the degree of energy market integration. Now, how can I get the dataset or from where can I get the dataset? Thanks in advance.
Think of the environmental sustainability problem the Brundtland Commission highlighted and documented in 1987(WCED) in “Our Common Future” as an environmental pollution production market problem, the consequence of a market failure that was always there and which has always been there embedded in the perfect traditional market thinking, but it was assumed away using environmental externality neutrality assumptions. A problem that can only be solved by internalizing the environmental cost of production in the pricing mechanism of the traditional market to shift it to green market pricing. Hence, only when we fix the root cause of the environmental pollution production problem, the environmentally distorted traditional market prices, we address the environmental pollution problem head on as when doing this we are making environmental pollution reduction a good business opportunity for green producers.
Since we have not fixed the root cause of the problem yet as there are no green markets in place today to transition green economies towards the environmentally clean economies; then this raises the question: Is the current traditional circular economy thinking push worse for the environment than the perfect traditional market economy thinking of Adam Smith that created the environmental problem in the first place?
If Yes, why? If, No, why not?
What do you think?
Social evonomic rights in the gorm of workless wage is accepted in EU and refugees are entitled.
However, the satisfaction of this right ad part of rights to sustained living equality or economic equality due to hostility in adopted country causes other inequalities duch as work contract inequality: some work and get reimbursed some get without work.
Isn"t this inequality a serious one given that the right to life costs state benefits is a non fundamental human right ?
Avoiding the shift from perfect traditional market thinking to perfect green market thinking since 2012 RIO +20 has created a deep green market paradigm shift knowledge gap.
Flipping perfect traditional market thinking to imperfect dwarf green market thinking since 2012 to avoid the shift to perfect green markets has created a deep dwarf green market paradigm flip knowledge gap too.
These knowledge gaps are apparently helping those researchers and institutions implementing development under permanent environmental market failure as well as confusing environmental stakeholders on proper place for action and protest as the responsibility of governments, of businesses and of consumers are changed, and even inversed depending on the market in question.
And this raises the question, green market paradigm shift knowledge gaps and dwarf green market paradigm flip knowledge gaps, are they academic tunneling/willful blindness push helpers?
What do you think?
A lot seems to be coming out in publications about the circular economy or sustainable development and the circular economy or circular economy and sustainability or circular economy, sustainable development and global warming...and so on.
All researchers and publications seems to have the same theme of directly or indirectly indicating that the broken circularity traditional market economy can be made circular by non-green market means; and hence, they advocate circularity without indicating where the circularity problem came from or comes from; hence, without indicating whether they are fixing a broken circularity problem or patching that broken circularity problem plus their circularity thoughts seem to be disconnected from the need to one day transition away from the pollution production based economies to the pollution free economies....
They seem to start with addressing the consequences of the broken circularity problem without any regards with respect to fixing the root cause of the broken circularity problem.
And this raises the question, Can you have a circular green economy without green markets? If No, why No? If Yes, why yes?
When addressing the socio-environmental challenges associated with the traditional economy mainstream researchers and organizations start from the point of view "Our current economy is linear” “ The economy of the future is circular”, taking the position that linearity is the root cause of sustainability problems, see for example: https://www.metabolic.nl/what-we-do/circular-economy/?gad=1&gclid=CjwKCAjwpJWoBhA8EiwAHZFzfoJkA5YMY6R6Crk_hIVmoam5SZZ8zjojNJOsh6PgMWygbt0t8LV8TRoCupMQAvD_BwE
They seem to be doing this without asking themselves the question, why is the current economy linear? Since when it has been linear? Could not be that the root cause of that linearity is the root cause of sustainability problems? If this was the case, then addressing linearity by going circular a la traditional market still leaves the root cause of the problem untouched and active.
And this raises the question: Is economy linearity the root cause of social, economic, and environmental challenges? If yes, why?. If not, why not?
What do you think?
There are still a huge number of direct and indirect subsidies to fossil fuels at all levels. Main reason is to sustain national industries and improve their competitiveness. In addition, it is deemed that low-income families should be supported for their Energy expanses. For these reasons, I think, governments are very reluctant to withdrawn subsidies. Maybe an EU directive could put all the Country subsidies at similia Level and improve fair competition in the EU market, releasing big financial amount for the renewables.
We could start from an harmonisation of the VAT in all member states.
Imaging there is an ongoing water leak coming down the ceiling of your business, you can either fix the water leak or you can patch it through management. Suppose all businesses have the same problem. All businesses together have a huge lobbying power.
Then you can look at the fixing solutions from the free market and non-free market point of view or from the science based and non-science based point of view or from the pollution reduction market and pollution management market point of view.
In other words, you would be dealing with the situation from the naked environmentalist and from the environmentalism with a mask point of view, where proper solutions compete with improper solutions, and improper solutions win.
Which raises the question: Can the solutions to the water leak dilemma be used to stress the solutions to the environmental pollution dilemma? And used to describe the supremacy of the improper solution?
What do you think?
I do not see other way out of this inmense crisis within the European Union. Neither MEDE, nor Eurobonds. From an overlapping generations perspective, with children and young people (who have probability quasi-zero of being infected) being forced to stop their lives and careers, we mid-age and mature people are the ones who must bear the cost of the COVID-crisis. And this means inflation (never debt). Therefore, direct monetization of aid for the shock and partial debt relief. And then, a re-europeization of the investment flows (yes, protectionism) with a strong industrial policy direction in mind.
I am conscious of the asymetric international effects of the shock within the european partners. But, either we together, and in the current generation, bear the whole cost in the form of inflation, or our legacy for future generations (within an already highly leveraged framework) is conmdemned to a Euro-collapse in 15 years. What do you think?
I have just published this paper about heritage interpretation and the use of virtual reality (VR) to digitise a World War II air raid shelter in Malta (EU).
Every time I work on the subject or read about it I ask myself the the question:
Will digital (digitisation) ever overtake the physical interpretation of heritage? Will we ever consider a digitised version of a place or artefact as good as the real thing?
What is your opinion on this? My paper gives an answer to this question, but it is the near future that I am looking at.
Europe ponders ‘no pay’ open-access plan
quote : The Council of the European Union has recommended a ‘no pay’ academic-publishing model in which neither readers nor authors are billed for academic papers. Critics say that the plan could usher in a state-defined system that might stymie academic freedom and abolish an industry without considering who would pay for the alternative. Supporters, such as the German Research Federation, say the principles would lower the barriers to participation in academic discourse. “There’s a recognition that we need to move beyond the [article processing charge] APC,” says publishing consultant Rob Johnson. “The question is: just how is that done?”
Ref: Nature Briefing , 5th June 2023, Reference: Council of the European Union forum conclusions
think that this situation constitutes a challenge for European countries to move towards liberation from dependence on the Russian oil market in particular, and on traditional energies in general, but the big problem is who is financing this transition??? Can alternative energies cover the huge market for conventional energies???
This can happen in countries that enjoy energy independence, such as the nordic countries, where they invest in the huge revenues from conventional energies exports to finance alternative energies projects. As for the rest of the countries, the question remains.............
On March 21, 2022 the EU endorsed the "Strategic Compass" a strategic document that provided a specific timeline for establishing a Rapid Deployment Capacity (RDC) of approximately 5.000 troops by 2025. On June 29, 2022 NATO also adopted its new Strategic Concept that encouraged the EU's autonomy. The same concept was promoted by the National Security Strategy of the US that was issued on October 12, 2022. Do you think that this actions will lead to the establishment of a EU Army? What parameters do you think that should be taken into consideration?
We are glad to invite you to submit papers and participate in the International Conference “Sustainable Development of European Smart Cities”, on 9th – 10th of JUNE 2023, IASI (Jean Monnet Project no. 20415-EPP-1-2020-1-RO-EPPJMO-MODULE, European Smart Cities for Sustainable Development (SmartEU), within the Erasmus+ Programme of the European Union).
We encourage papers that cover topics including (but not limited to):
●Green and smart technologies for Smart City;
●Smart Governance and Smart Democracy for EU citizens’ well-being;
●Smart People and Smart Working for a resilient European Union;
●Knowledge Management in Smart City Development;
●Heritage and cultural tourism;
●The role of emerging technologies in Smart Cities;
●Smart Cities Marketing;
●E-Society: online communication and collaboration;
● Cyberbullying and digital citizenship education.
For more information, please check our website: http://smarteu.uaic.ro/Pages/Start.aspx
Since 2016 we have come to see that liberal democracies under majority rule can lead to normal democratic outcomes/normal democratic movements; and extreme democratic outcomes/extreme exism movements like Brexit, Usexit/Trumpism, Brazilexit, Italianexit….and so on. We have come to see also that exism movements cannot be in power forever under majority rule and the independent rule of law based liberal democracies. As the world view of a normal liberal democracy is the inverse of the world view of the extreme liberal democracy, this leads to the question: Inverse reality and exism movements: How are they linked?
Any ideas? Please share your own views.
I am looking for statistical data of telework, part-time and other flexibile forms in EU regions and USA? Could you recommend me the best way, how to find it? (Eurostat statistical databases and traditional way are known for me).
1. European identity helps the EU to unite European peoples within the EU.
2. European identity is largely based on European values.
3. European values are a historical category (it means that it is always under transformation).
4. European values have became more diverse since EU enlargement.
What is the role of European values in the formation of European identity, if we take into account the abovementioned theses?
This year CEUR-WS.org publisher has changed the requirements to the authors of the papers to be submitted for the conference. As required by CEUR-WS.org, at least one author of the submission must have at least 5 papers listed in DBLP (https://ceur-ws.org/HOWTOSUBMIT.html#FAQ-DBLPFOOTPRINT). To check the number of your papers in DBLP, please, go to DBLP site: https://dblp.uni-trier.de/pid/77/11070.html.
If I 'd like to participate in CEUR-WS.org conference then I need to include in my author list another person that has 5 papers listed in DBLP but not made nothing for preparing the conference paper? I think that such requirements is the base of the corruption in the science world. Is it normal?
I think that in more case new author can give a better results as a person that have more than 5 papers in DBLP. This approach of CEUR-WS.org blocks the development of emerging and disruptive science areas.
Both, EU and UK worked intensively for many years to establish close collaborative links in academia and research.
Risk society is oftentimes used to investigate global risk that challenge our traditional societies and push them to move from being mostly concerned with the distribution of wealth into societies that are mostly preoccupied with the distribution of risks. Migration appears to be a challenge that most societies in today's world confront, but what appears is that societies in the Global North are not attempting to address the issue in terms of risk redistribution, but rather seek to outsource the whole challenge to other countries. For instance, the EU is outsourcing the challenge and risk of migration management to transit North African countries, which is the opposite of what Risk Society Theory predicts.
Imaging Adam Smith stating the theory of the perfect green market in 1776 instead of the theory of the perfect traditional market. This has current development implications in terms of current social, environmental and population issues. And this leads to the question: What are the main current negative implications of Adam Smith’s legacy? Why it turned out this way?
What do you think?
Please share your own ideas.
Can anyone help me know what I should expect as an acceptable range of endotoxin in EU/ml from my purified recombinant protein sample, purified using E.coli expression vector.
Whether reading the old Balassa’s foreseeing model of economic integration, the current stage of the EU would show as already ended, but reality is much different.
We`re seeking for someone with an access to air classification unit to process / sieve fine metallic powders? We`re willing to pay for this service and/or we offer authorship in the papers which arose from this research.
I am looking for datasets, including data about:
1. EU agricultural fields boundaries (or, at least on the individual EU country level)
2. EU soil organic carbon map (except FAO map)
3. EU Soil maps. Preferably large scale, up to 1:25,000, 1:50,000
4. Agro-Climatic Zone Map of EU countries
5. Crop data (crop history) linked to a particular field. (eg. farm X has 20 fields with corn in 2022)
6. Results of soil surveys (analyzes). Ideally - carbon content. If not, then at least the humus content.
Thank you for any information you can provide!
I'm working on an article for the Croatian magazine "Teaching History" about the status of History in compulsory education in the European Union. History teachers from the European Union member countries, please answer 5 simple questions. Details are at the link.
Still waiting for answers from:
Do the processes of unifying market, financial, economic, etc. structures on an international scale increase the economic, financial, energy, etc. security of the countries participating in this process?
Does the unification of market structures, an increase in standardization and homogenization of the functioning of economic and financial systems on an international scale, the removal of barriers to the cross-border flow of goods and production factors, the introduction of a common currency cause the acceleration of economic development, an increase in the level of economic and financial stability of the region composed of countries that thus increasingly cooperate with each other economically and not only economically?
An example of the unification of market structures, an increase in standardization and homogenization of the functioning of economic and financial systems on an international scale, the removal of barriers to the cross-border flow of goods and production factors, the introduction of a common currency is the European Union with its area of the common currency, the Euro. European integration includes international cooperation, unifying market structures, removing barriers to the cross-border flow of goods and production factors. A higher level of international economic and financial integration is the adoption of a common currency, e.g. the Euro currency. Poland, just after the system and economic transformation in 1989, because already in the early 1990s, adopted a plan to adjust the economy, financial systems, banking, legal regulations, institutional and organizational issues, etc. to the standards of the European Union, in order to join the EU structures . The central bank in Poland, ie the National Bank of Poland, adopted a strategic plan to combat the then hyperinflation, stabilize the economy and prepare and adjust the financial system, including the banking system, to European Union standards at the very beginning of the 1990s. This process was carried out efficiently and effectively. Poland joined the EU in May 2004. Thus, the aforementioned period of adjustments to the economy, financial systems, banking, legal regulations, institutional and organizational issues, etc., lasted over a decade. The unification of market structures, an increase in the standardization and homogenization of the functioning of economic and financial systems on an international scale, the removal of barriers to the cross-border flow of goods and production factors leads to the reduction of the costs of the implementation of these processes and thus the formation of pro-development impulses that automatically activate economic processes on unified, homogenized markets . As a consequence, economic growth can significantly accelerate and stimulate economic development in the entire region of shared market structures operating in countries that increasingly cooperate with each other. The above-mentioned Unification of market structures, the functioning of economic and financial systems on an international scale, the removal of barriers to the cross-border flow of goods and production factors are also key factors accelerating the processes of economic globalization, globalization of financial systems, etc. Unfortunately, the governments of some, few countries in Europe act as if they did not appreciate these values. For example, unfortunately, this is how the current PIS government of the country in which I operate has operated for 7 years. The plan for Poland to adopt the common currency, the Euro, was adopted at the end of the 1990s. This plan could be implemented a few years after Poland joined the European Union. Unfortunately, the global financial crisis of 2007-2009 caused problems which resulted in the postponement of this plan. However, when the financial markets stabilized after 2009, there could be a return to the implementation of the above-mentioned plan of introducing the Polish economy to the area of the common currency, Euro. However, the political options that took over the reign of power in Poland changed. The current government, which implements a populist economic policy consisting in increasing the scale of centralized state intervention, and finances new socio-economic programs mainly by increasing the public debt and printing the domestic currency PLN. Precisely because the largest socio-economic programs, including anti-crisis shields, which were used during the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic in the form of public financial aid consisting in providing non-repayable subsidies to companies and enterprises, were also based on the reprint of the national currency PLN. The result of the use of additional printing of domestic money during a pandemic on a historically record-high scale was the increase in inflation, which started almost from the beginning of 2021. As the printing of the domestic currency PLN and additional issues of treasury bonds, increasing the public debt are the key instruments for the current government to implement government economic programs, the current government does not want to implement the plan of introducing the Polish economy to the euro area, adopted over two decades ago. As a result, the risk of debt and financial liquidity in the public finance system of the state increases, and inflation continues to rise. Recently, the Central Statistical Office published data showing that in August 2022 inflation increased again and reached a record level of 16.1 percent. Producer inflation is still much higher than consumer inflation, which, combined with the growing interest rates on bank loans, contributes to the deepening economic slowdown, the symptoms of which appeared already in mid-2022. The above-mentioned negative processes, in line with macroeconomic forecasts, will cause a serious downturn in the economy in Poland in the following quarters and in 2023. Core inflation is estimated at around 10 percent. Core inflation is estimated by subtracting food, fuel and energy, i.e. the key factors of international influence, including the impact of the war in Ukraine, from total consumer inflation. As the core inflation generated by internal factors in Poland is much higher than in the European Union, the domestic economic policy, national public policy, public finance management by the government, domestic monetary policy of the politicized central bank, etc. politicized, centrally controlled, interventionist and monetarist, national socio-economic policy in Poland increasingly distances Poland from the plan of adopting the common currency and increases the risk of liquidity and debt of the public finance system of the state. Therefore, in the event of the emergence of another global economic and / or financial crisis in the future, the Polish economy may find itself in a more serious crisis compared to previous crises. Besides, continuing these considerations in order to answer the question: Do the processes of unifying market and financial structures, etc. on an international scale increase the economic and financial security of the countries participating in this process? - further threats that affect the economies and civilization of many countries, such as the currently developing energy crisis and the constantly growing long-term risk of a future climate crisis, can also be taken into account. Transnational economic integration in the European Union also applies to environmental and climate policy, which, unfortunately, also do not belong to the priorities of the current government in Poland. The process of pro-environmental and pro-climate transformation of the Polish economy, including the energy sector, has been slowed down for 7 years in Poland. The result is still a significant advantage of dirty combustion energy in the generation of electricity and heat in Poland. Energy production in Poland based on the combustion of mainly hard coal and other fossil fuels is still 3/4 of the total energy sector. It is also a result of ignoring the guidelines of the environmental and climate policy of the European Union in Poland for many years. Therefore, the level of energy security in the context of the current energy crisis has been significantly lowered by this type of national energy policy. I examined the issues of the above-mentioned standardization of market structures, the functioning of economic and financial systems on an international scale, the removal of barriers to the cross-border flow of goods and production factors, I examined these issues on the example of the adaptation of the banking system, including commercial banks, to European banking. I have included the results of my research on this issue in articles that were published on my profile of this Research Gate portal. Researchers and scientists studying analogous processes of adjusting market structures, financial systems, banking, etc., are invited to scientific cooperation.
In view of the above, I address the following research question to the Honorable Community of Researchers and Scientists:
Do the processes of unifying market, financial, economic, etc. structures on an international scale increase the economic, financial, energy, etc. security of the countries participating in this process?
What is your opinion on this topic?
I invite everyone to the discussion,
Thank you very much,
I would like to invited you to take our survey on the long-term impact of COVID-19 on stakeholder engagement in sustainability research!
In summer 2020, we have conducted a survey on “The impact of COVID-19 on stakeholder engagement in European energy and marine research” as part of the EU H2020 projects SENTINEL and PANDORA. We are now planning a follow-up survey and we would be very grateful if you would agree to support our research.
- Take the survey here: https://survey.iass-potsdam.de/index.php/358614?lang=en
- Share the survey for stakeholders with your stakeholders: https://survey.iass-potsdam.de/index.php/376499?lang=en
In our new study, we want to follow up on our own research and research by other scholars and investigate if COVID-19 will be a long-term disrupter of stakeholder engagement in sustainability research, by expanding the perspectives towards the stakeholders in research. We want to hear not only from researchers but also from stakeholders how they assess the online research process after two years, what online tools and formats should stay for which engagement objectives, and what learnings from the COVID-19 ‘disruption’ will be considered for new research project proposals on the side of researchers, and equally, what are wishes from stakeholders-side about their future ways of their engagement in research project. Thus, we have developed two survey: one survey for you/researchers and once survey to be taken by your stakeholders. We want projects to participate that started no later than January 2020 and ran at least until the end of 2020.
The survey follows the data protection standards and personal data will be not collected without your agreement.
We would highly appreciate your participation and the participation of your stakeholders in this survey. Please share the survey with your stakeholders.
Please do not hesitate to get in touch with us in case of any questions!
I am looking for a research question with regard to EU Green Bond Standard that will come into force somewhere next year, from a law & Economics/Finance approach. Anyone suggestions?
Currently, EU - US / Russia are continuing a system of business sanctions against each other, which has started in 2014 with EU sanctions. I was searching for historical examples of business sanctions and first thought of Napoleons "Kontinentalsperre" / ban of all english goods on the european market starting in 1806 and ending in 1812 with the lost war against Russia.
Modern business sanctions includes countries like Kuba and Iran, but are there other examples in the history of 19th century and early 20ths ?
What can be concluded regarding the effects ?
Is it necessary to European representative detail in DOC when the manufacture from out side the EU region. The product here I mentioned in not in the category of MD or IVD. Just use for food and water testing laboratory. Please clarify?
Under green market thinking there is no room for the concept of green pollution, but in the world of green market distortions like the world of dwarf green markets such a concept is possible as you can come up with alternative academic facts or alternative academic definitions or alternative academic principles.
As current event in the European Union shows that is the new wave that the business usual model is apparently going through by defining its way out without a golden end goal like clean markets…. https://www.reuters.com/business/sustainable-business/eu-parliament-vote-green-gas-nuclear-rules-2022-07-06/
And this raises the question, Does the distortions created by the 2012 green market paradigm shift avoidance move allows room for advancing the concept of GREEN POLLUTION? I think yes, what do you think?
If you would like to provide your own views on the question, then please. If your answer is Yes, please explain why you think so. If your answer is No, please explain why you think so.
EU institutions are currently revising climate and energy legislation to align with the new target of at least 55% net emissions reduction by 2030. As part of that work the European Commission proposes to increase the EU carbon sink removal capacity, with an annual target of 300 Million tonnes removal by 2030. How can that target best be shared amongst the 27 EU countries? They have very different areas of natural/semi-natural sinks, and also sinks with very different characteristics, from blanket bog, to estuaries, seagrass beds, agroforestry, pastures, croplands and, of course, highly diverse forest and scrub types and carbon absorption rates. In particular, I am interested in how these sinks will behave under predicted climate change impacts and especially, in vulnerable areas such as the Mediterranean (I work in Spain)
I am working on an assignment on EU governance, more specifically about multilevel governance in the European Union. I am familiar with the strategic-relational perspective of Bob Jessop and probably will use it on my assignment, however some additional literature or perspectives from a contemporary marxist point of view will be an interesting addition to my research.
Discussion closed, thanks
I guess that my question is one in a million, but I am looking to feed my Feedly (and my research as a result). I am interested in several domains and subdomains and thus looking for the best journals / newspapers/ magazines/ blogs/twitter profiles/twitter hashtags on :
1 International relations, in general,
2. EU Regional Policy,
Thus, please do not hesitate to recommend any point of information you deem worth of interest or even your own profiles.
Thank you very much in advance!
I know they give open and free reports, but its impossible to find them together in a dataset that would make sense. Not as statistics of countries assets in pension funds, but data on specific european pension funds. I tried to look on ecb.europa.eu and OECD, but data there does not make any sense
While the regulation of artificial intelligence (AI) is still at its infancy in the EU and the US, it is already becoming apparent that there are different approaches among countries on how to regulate AI. Does this mean that an international agreement will become necessary later on? What are the pros and cons of such an international regulatory approach?
In your opinion, it is right to take liquidation regulation in the EU, which accounts for around 7% of global emissions, towards carbon neutrality, with major issuers such as China and India continuing to produce extensively and the EU buying these products, so emissions are only move there ...?
I am currently investigating different standards related to IoT security. I am interested in EU-related or any International standards applicable to Security aspects of IoT devices. I came across a few standards and regulations like IEC 62443, ENISA, ETSI. But I would like to know more if there are any and also any published paper or article which has covered these things and evaluated using some metric.
Can anyone please let me know if there are any more standards (relevant to software updates and Embedded Linux based IoT in particular)?
Thanks in advance.
The standards for cold countries are very strict, like the EU and the ASTM standards, but these actually apply for tropical countries?
Currently, certain companies/sectors are obliged to participate in the EU ETS. While some companies don't fall into the scope of the EU ETS, I wonder if they can voluntarily participate by purchasing allowances from the compliance market, i.e. the compulsory market?
So far, I only found contradictory sources online.
I'm looking for referenceable information on the breakdown of buildings by primary structural support in the UK or EU e.g. Loadbearing walls of masonry, loadbearing panels, loadbearing frame and modular. Ideally also broken down for each year.
Now I am working on the Europeanization beyond the EU. According to Schimmelfennig and Sedelmeier (2020), External Incentives Model can be applicable. But my question is: How to define the effectiness (access) of the external Europeanization? What methods are useful?
Thank you in advance!
I am looking for a distributor of Vulcan XC-72 (Cabot inc.) in Europe. I tried to contact the main office in US via their web-site, but got no response for this moment.
Anyone has a contact for XC-72 distributor in EU?
Thanks in advance!
Any arguments for or against hypothetical membership of Ukraine in the European Union would be appreciated. These comments may be used to generate future research and discussion within the graduate EU studies at my University.
For a scoping review in the field of health professions education I want to search the WHO, UN, EU resources as well as hand-search resources of other international bodies or NGOs. I know that the WHO has the Library Database IRIS, how about the others? Exists any register of such resources?
Or, is there even some kind of "guide" or literature out there on how to tackle this systematical.
Any help will be greatly appreciated!
It is for the project: https://www.researchgate.net/project/The-use-of-international-cooperation-in-faculty-development-of-health-professions-education-a-rapid-scoping-review
Research Proposal STUDY PROTOCOL | The use of international cooperation in fac...
I need the relevant legislation on social work/ benefits for the disabled people for a comparative analysis accross EU Member States
Nowadays, research data can be published and uploaded in different repositories such as Zenodo, IEEE and Mendeley. Many national RTO and universities also offer this service. The procedure is very similar and in all cases a DOI is automatically assigned. The key question is which one is the most appropriate for engineering/process data and why according to the actual EU data regulation.
The EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is among the world’s toughest data protection laws. Under the GDPR, the EU’s data protection authorities can impose fines of up to up to €20 million (roughly $2,372,000), or 4 percent of worldwide turnover for the preceding financial year—whichever is higher.
Since the GDPR took effect in May 2018, we’ve seen over 800 fines issued across the European Economic Area (EEA) and the U.K. Enforcement started off somewhat slow. But between July 18, 2020, and July 18, 2021, there was a significant increase in the size and quantity of fines, with total penalties surging by around 113.5%. And that was before the record-breaking fine against Amazon—announced by the company in its July 30 earnings report—which dwarfed the cumulative total of all GDPR fines up until that date.
Top 10 fines so far:
- Amazon — €746 million
- Google – €50 million
- H&M — €35 million
- TIM – €27.8 million
- British Airways – €22 million
- Marriott – €20.4 million
- Wind — €17 million
- Vodafone Italia — €12.3 million
- Notebooksbilliger.de — €10.4 million
- Eni — €8.5 million
More details: https://www.tessian.com/blog/biggest-gdpr-fines-2020/
I am urgently looking for information on the amount [t] of waste from used photovoltaic panels and lithium batteries at the level of Poland, the EU and the world from 2019 with projections until 2050.
I am looking for publications, researches, surveys or expert opinions on the situation in regards to implementation of the TIR convention in the UK and EU, especially after Brexit ?
It is public open to see registered interest groups on EU Committee web site aiming to provide transparency of lobbying in EU. Is there similar source in US giving obvious lobbying transparency view?
I am doing a comparative LCA study between different roads in EU and I am looking for data related to machines used during (for instance: laying the pavement, etc.) the construction and maintenance phase of the road ( ex. per 1m2 or 1 km of road).
Hello! I am looking into a number of different recruitment companies, and the prices are pretty obnoxious. We are conducting an 8-week longitudinal study (fully online/remote) based on an intervention introduced at Time 0. Then, we have three follow-up evaluations at 2 weeks, 1 month, and 8 weeks. We will handle participant compensation ourselves, so we do not need a recruitment company to facilitate this. We plan to recruit around 120 participants from the US, UK, Canada, and some countries in the EU (English-speaking participants).
So far, User Interviews (https://www.userinterviews.com/) and Find Participants (https://www.findparticipants.com/) seem to be the most cost-effective options, but I am not sure about the extent to which both of these platforms enable longitudinal studies and communication with participants for the follow-up evaluations.
Can anyone recommend one of these over the other, or suggest other cost-effective recruitment services for a psychological research study?
Are there other (free) ways to recruit participants that you might recommend?
As of September 2021, when the new academic year starts, it is expected that there will be a decrease in EU students and applications, as well as academics and researchers.
What might the future look like for higher education in the UK? What might the complications/difficulties be? What can we expect and what might still be considered as a gap for further studies?
Few Member States could experience economic losses directly due to the endemic brucellosis in animals and people. For example, Greece presents the highest human brucellosis notification rate, probably underestimated, in absence of EU co-financed eradication programmes: male patients were found to be related to high-risk jobs and animal contact, aggravated by the concomitant COVID-19 pandemic that makes difficult to carry out a double battle, against Brucella and SARS-CoV-2.
One Health overlaps the EC Green Deal Plan and its relaunched Farm to Fork Strategy aimed at engaging consumers in the choice of local, healthy and sustainable products.
However, this model is unlikely to be adopted in areas where brucellosis persists and, consequently, the price of dairy products is not competitive due to the decrease of breeding yield.
Do you think that the inclusion of “Economic Health” in the One Health approach could lead appropriate initiatives aimed to achieve eradication (in territories economically unable to sustain the eradication cost) and the consequent alignment of EU policies One Health, Farm to Fork Strategy, EC Green Deal?