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Ethology - Science topic

The discipline pertaining to the study of animal behavior.
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Publications related to Ethology (3,180)
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Human organizations’ adoption of the paradigm of the Fourth Industrial Revolution is associated with the growth of techno-empowerment, which is the process of transferring autonomy in decision-making to intelligent machines. Particular persuasive strategies have been identified that may coax people to use intelligent devices but there is a substant...
Article
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Purpose Evidence that social difficulties promote the development and the maintenance of eating disorders (EDs) derive from self-reported data and only partially from experimental tasks. This study objectively assessed non-verbal behaviors of individuals with EDs in a psycho-social stress scenario. Methods Thirty-one women suffering from EDs (13 w...
Article
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A kutatás célja a tojóév hónap és a környezeti hőmérséklet (május: 20 ºC; július: 27 ºC) hatásának vizsgálata volt a strucctojás minőségi paramétereire és kémiai összetételére. A takarmány összetétele mindkét időszakban megegyezett. Az elemzésbe májusban öt, júliusban hat db tojást vontunk be, melyek ugyanazon telepről származtak. A vizsgált külső...
Article
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Nectar chemistry can influence the behavior of pollinators in ways that affect pollen transfer, yet basic questions about how nectar chemical diversity impacts plant-pollinator relationships remain unexplored. For example, plants’ capacity to produce neurotransmitters and endocrine disruptors may offer a means to manipulate pollinator behavior. We...
Poster
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The summer shoal is back in 2022! After a forced halt in the last two years, 2022 marks the return of the pioneer event gathering stakeholders in constructive dialogue around the welfare of fish. The Fishethogroup, fair-fish international and CCMAR are pleased to announce the IV Summer Shoal in Fish Ethology and Welfare 2022. In recent times, the...
Article
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Da intersubjetividade à empatia: em busca das raízes da cooperação RESUMO Com base nas evidências e reflexões encontradas na Psicologia do Desenvolvimento Humano, na Neurociência, na Psicologia Comparada e na Etologia, argumentamos que a cooperação é entendida como tão fundamental no processo de evolução das espécies que, para facilitá-la, a nature...
Article
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O bem-estar animal é um assunto amplamente discutido na cadeia de produção. Nesse contexto surge a etologia, que é a ciência que estuda o comportamento animal, colaborando para melhor entender o animal em seu sistema de produção. Os estudos comportamentais da população avícola iniciam em sua organização social na natureza, procurando estudar fenôme...
Chapter
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Los avances tecnológicos y científicos de la acuicultura y maricultura han permitido un crecimiento notable en estas actividades económicas a nivel global. Asimismo, este desarrollo ha impulsado que más especies, principalmente nativas, con potencial biológico, económico y nutricional, se cultiven de manera comercial; sin embargo, un factor limitan...
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While management and entrepreneurship scholars have displayed comfort in and receptivity towards anthropomorphizing organizations, technologies, and even algorithms, our field has not yet grappled with a mountain of empirical evidence gathered over decades of research in the natural sciences that non-humans may behave entrepreneurially. For reflect...
Conference Paper
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Domingo, Marzo 27, 2022 Página Principal  Ambiente  ¿Existen los derechos de la naturaleza? | Por: Alexander Martínez Rivillas* | Cuando se trata de asignar derechos a la naturaleza, la cosa se hace infinitamente enrevesada. Desde antiguo, los animismos del planeta han considerado que los animales o los árboles son meras envolturas de las almas h...
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Postures and movements have been one of the major modes of human expression for understanding and depicting organisms in their environment. In ethology, behavioral sequence analysis is a relevant method to describe animal behavior and to answer Tinbergen’s four questions testing the causes of development, mechanism, adaptation, and evolution of beh...
Book
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It is one of the few university textbooks written entirely by Italian authors, who have often dealt with examples of research carried out in Italy. It is also intended for a wider audience. For further details, including the index: Si tratta di uno dei pochi libri di testo universitari, ma destinato anche a un pubblico più vasto, scritto interame...
Article
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Resumen: Discuto dos interpretaciones de la posición del Wittgenstein tar-dío sobre la atribución de conceptos psicológicos referidos a capacidades y estados mentales a animales no humanos: el "enfoque de las habilidades" (Glock 2017) y el "enfoque del contextualismo de la forma de vida" (von Savigny 2016). Después aplico estas interpretaciones a l...
Article
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This study aimed to evaluate the effect of environmental enrichment on the thermoregulatory and behavioral responses of goats raised in semi-arid conditions. 12 Saanen goats lactating, aged between 2 and 4 years, clinically healthy with a mean body weight of 31.4 ± 1.65 kg and body condition score between 2.0 and 2.5 were used. The types of enriche...
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This paper considers the epistemic career of visual media in ethology in the mid‐20th century. Above all, ethologists claimed close contact with research animals and drew scientific evidence from these human‐animal communities, particularly in public relations. However, if we look into the toolboxes of comparative behavioral biologists, it becomes...
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Background Wheat is one of the main food for around 2 billion people worldwide. Among the biological stressors, Eurygaster integriceps Puton is a damaging insect in wheat and barley fields, which harms them both quantitatively (by overwintered adults) and qualitatively (by instar nymphs). The ovipositional and the new generation’s production contro...
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There are many syntheses on the role of animal behavior in understanding and mitigating conservation threats for wildlife. That body of work has inspired the development of a new discipline called conservation behavior. Yet, the majority of those synthetic papers focus on non-fish taxa such as birds and mammals. Many fish populations are subject to...
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We investigated whether nonreproductive social interactions may be rewarding for colonial, but not non-colonial, species. We found that the colonial spiny mouse (Acomys cahirinus) is significantly more gregarious, more prosocial, and less aggressive than its non-colonial relative, the Mongolian gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus). In an immediate early...
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As soon as ethology's status diminished in the early 1970s, it was confronted with two successor disciplines, sociobiology and behavioral ecology. They were able to challenge ethology because it no longer provided markers of strong disciplinarity such as theoretical coherence, leading figures and a clear identity. While behavioral ecology developed...
Article
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Nests of the primitively eusocial orchid bee Euglossa viridissima are generally founded by a solitary female but can be reactivated by female offspring, in the presence or absence of the mother. The population therefore exists of solitary and social nests that co‐occur in an area. A female can stay as a subordinate helper under a dominant femal...
Article
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The study was conducted at the Amazon Research Center CIMAZ - MACAGUAL of the University of Amazonia, Colombia, with a tropical rain forest climate (Af). The behavior of Bos taurus, Bos indicus, and Caqueteño Creole cattle, the animals were observed in paddocks with three levels of scattered tree cover density. The pasture was composed of Braquiari...
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David Lloyd George Noakes (1942–2020) was a remarkable man. He was a friend, mentor, professor, editor, and writer. Herein, his peer-reviewed and edited publications are compiled and synthesized to demonstrate his academic contributions. David generated more than 213 publications including nine books, 29 book sections, and 175 peer-reviewed article...
Conference Paper
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Bem-estar animal é um conceito para a melhoria da qualidade de vida dos animais. Ele se baseia nas cinco liberdades, que permitem aos animais não-humanos terem uma boa condição de manejo e saúde (OIE, 2022). Overall (2005) coloca que a saúde mental tem uma baixa aceitação no meio; apesar de ser real como a dor física, mas com poucos estudos veterin...
Article
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Although communication capabilities are displayed by many vertebrate groups, some repertoires are poorly known, such as the case of xenarthrans, particularly armadillos, for which vocalization as a source of communicating to others remains poorly understood and relies on punctual reports of sounds. Here we provide the first description of a behavio...
Article
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A avicultura, no Brasil, evoluiu muito nas últimas décadas, sendo ainda proeminente, contribuindo de maneira significativa para o agronegócio brasileiro. Um dos fatores importantes para o sucesso da produção avícola é o monitoramento e o controle eficiente do ambiente de criação, que colaboram para a promoção de maior nível de bem-estar para as ave...
Article
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UVOD Skolioza je opredeljena kot trirazsežna torzijska deformacija hrbtenice in trupa, ki povzroči lateralni odklon v frontalni rav-nini, aksialno rotacijo v horizontalni in spremembo fiziološkega sagitalnega profila (1). Strukturne skolioze moramo razlikovati od funkcionalnih, pri katerih do deformacije hrbtenice pride zaradi zunanjega vzroka (npr...
Poster
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Es fundamental que el personal dedicado a la crianza y manejo de especies ganaderas esté debidamente capacitado para el desarrollo de estas tareas basándose en la etología animal y bajo premisas de bienestar animal y seguridad laboral. Por medio de una regresión logística ordinal, se identificaron aquellas variables dependientes del animal con mayo...
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L'utilisation de l'animal dans nos sociétés se voit aujourd'hui bouleversée. De nombreuses personnalités ou associations critiquent la manière dont l'humain traite ses semblables non humains, que ce soit dans l'industrie agroalimentaire, les divertissements ou la recherche scientifique. Pour diminuer le nombre d'animaux dans la recherche ainsi que...
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This paper presents a Behavior Transfer System (BTS) to model the behavior patterns of dogs and make it possible to implement the behavior patterns on mobile robots. The system relies on an iSpace based measurement system and a deep learning prediction algorithm. With the help of the measurement system, ethological measurements can be automatized t...
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The genus Tidarren Chamberlin & Ivie, 1934 and the species Tidarren cuneolatum (Tullgren, 1910) are recorded for the first time from continental Europe. The main characteristics of both sexes, distribution, habitat and ethology are discussed. Cryptachaea amilcari Barrientos & Hernández-Corral, 2021 is proposed as a synonym of Tidarren cuneolatum....
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A brief review is given of the history of the Chair of Animal Physiology and Ethology at the University of Maribor, which celebrates 30 years of teaching and research in 2022. The focus of the research group has been the integration of the structure and function of insect sensory organs, insect vision, and biophysical, ethological and ecophysiologi...
Cover Page
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Ethology / Volume 128, issue 1.
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In 1973, the discipline of ethology came into its own when three of its most prominent practitioners—Konrad Lorenz, Nikolaas Tinbergen, and Karl von Frisch—jointly received the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine. Historians have shown how Lorenz and Tinbergen were central to the practical and theoretical innovations that came to define ethology...
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Tinbergen’s classic “On Aims and Methods of Ethology” (Zeitschrift für Tierpsychologie, 20, 1963) proposed four levels of explanation of behavior, which he thought would soon apply to humans. This paper discusses the need for multilevel explanation; Huxley and Mayr’s prior models, and others that followed; Tinbergen’s differences with Lorenz on “th...
Article
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PM2.5-related neurological and mental diseases, such as cognitive impairment and stroke, tend to cause disability. Six-week-old male C57BL/6 mice were divided into 6 groups and exposed to concentrated PM2.5 or filtered air for 2, 4, and 6 months, respectively. The neurobehavioral changes of mice were tested. The weight of the whole brain and olfact...
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Physical activity has been widely investigated in horses to elucidate locomotion characteristics and behavior. However, research in real environment of training stables is limited. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of training regimen on night time physical activity of racehorses. Physical activities of twenty animals were moni...
Article
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Background There is one queen in each honey bee, Apis mellifera L., colony under normal conditions. This queen performs egg laying and pheromonal control in the colony. All genetic characteristics of bee workers and drones depend on the queen. This reflects the importance of bee queen in the colony. In this review, behaviors of honey bee queens are...
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This work is an effort to philosophize about the scientific words we must use to describe behaviors. It was written as an essay thus it is left here for further development; the issue before us is an ethological one, it addresses the question: which words are the most convenient to use in rigorous behavioral studies in order to produce scientific k...
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What is the adequate terminology to talk about animal behaviour? Is terminology referring to mental or emotional states anthropomorphic and should therefore be prohibited or is it a necessary means to provide for an adequate description and should be encouraged? This question was vehemently discussed in the founding phase of Ethology as a scientifi...
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Resumen: Revisaremos algunos elementos relativos al problema de la mente como espejo de la naturaleza a la luz del campo de la etología cognitiva. Nos referimos a la cuestión gnoseológica clásica como espejo antropocéntrico. Nuestro objetivo es aproximarnos a la discusión del concepto de mente animal siguiendo la noción de continuidad evolutiva, en...
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This paper analyses the historical knowledge of marine ichthyology in Galicia through an interdisciplinary approach that integrates information from diverse sources of documented information. The history of ichthyology has evolved with the way humans relate to the natural world. The study of activities related to marine fish as an important source...
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Derrida developed his most famous reflections on Animality in the Seminars: The Beast & The Sovereign (2001-2003). My hypothesis is that there we can find Derrida’s explicit interest for the ethological debate and its development. Indeed, I will show how deconstruction and ethological science are strictly connected for many reasons. If the historic...
Conference Paper
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Introduzione: L'infezione periprotesica (IP) tardiva, a patogenesi ematogena costituisce una rara ma insidiosa causa di IP. Materiali e Metodi: Si descrive il caso di una donna di 80 anni con febbre (38°C) e deiscenza di ferita chirurgica in sede di pregressa PT anca destra, posizionata dieci anni prima. Presso altra sede venivano eseguiti moltepli...
Poster
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Multidisciplinary work between animal behaviour scientists and anatomists is essential to understand the functional anatomical changes that different species of primates have developed throughout the evolutionary history. According to this, the specific functional anatomy of the upper limb of nonhuman primates cannot be understood holistically with...
Book
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DESCRIPTION L'élaboration mentale (ou psychique) est un concept clef en psychologie, psychiatrie et psychothérapie. Elle est considérée comme essentielle à la régulation des affects, elle-même indispensable au bon développement de la personne. L'élaboration serait, de même, au coeur du processus thérapeutique, en permettant une réduction de l'angoi...
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The purpose of this work is to bring up-to-date about the spreading of Lucanus cervus, by recording its presence in more habitats in the Sibiu and Hunedoara counties as of 2020. The presence of this species and its study also in this year may be an important contribution to its monitoring and may be a datum point for the researchers who will tackle...
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RESUMO Estudos das emoções associadas ao bem-estar animal estão em ascensão e tem sido objeto de interesse em particular de estudiosos da etologia. A revisão aqui apresentada tem objetivou selecionar os principais estudos que focam nas motivações internas dos animais e que determinam suas escolhas realizadas. Altruísmo e cooperação entre animais, s...
Conference Paper
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Etologi merupakan cabang ilmu biologi yang khusus mempelajari mengenai pengetahuan tingkah laku hewan. Mempelajari tingkah laku hewan (etologi) ini dapat ditemukan untuk studi pada jenjang perguruan tinggi. Dewasa ini, teknologi telah berkembang hingga dapat digunakan untuk sarana media pembelajaran di bidang biologi. Studi ini bertujuan untuk mera...
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El artículo propone una interpretación de la teoría del Umwelt formulada por Jacob von Uexküll, en la que se desarrolla la posibilidad de estudiar lo que aquí se denomina la textura imaginal del mundo circundante de los animales, en tanto material que compone sus experiencias perceptuales, afectivas y motrices. Para ello, se defiende un realismo de...
Article
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La cuestión de la subjetividad animal concierne a la investigación filosófica y etológica por igual. En este ensayo he enfrentado al problema desde un enfoque etológico filosófico. Creo que es incorrecto atribuir subjetividad a la conciencia, por dos razones: 1. es una petición de principio que no explica la condición subjetiva; 2. No considera la...
Article
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A partir de la biología teórica de Jakob Von Uexküll, el artículo expone cómo una protoetología constituye la condición de posibilidad del diseño de trampas y de todas las prácticas de cacería; en qué sentido la liberación del comportamiento garantizan la fidelidad de la investigación etológica aplicada a los hábitos de consumo; que el concepto de...
Article
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To cope with the challenges presented by habitat degradation and loss, animals must often respond by adjusting physiological and behavioural mechanisms. Here we quantified physiological and behavioural traits—including body temperature and food consumption—of two mammals with differing thermoregulatory strategies in response to changes in climate a...
Article
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Fear and anxiety disorders are prevalent in dogs. Current interventions do not resolve adequately this common behavioural problem. This urges exploration of additional, effective interventions for fear and anxiety disorders in dogs. In humans, fear and anxiety disorders such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), are effectively treated by Eye M...
Conference Paper
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Malgré les progrès réalisés par les chercheurs pour améliorer les conditions expérimentales mobilisant des animaux sauvages ou des animaux en captivité, certains protocoles ou procédures entrainent encore un stress important pour les sujets. Au-delà des questions morales et éthiques que posent de telles contraintes, le stress engendré aux animaux p...
Chapter
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A tirania da tristeza em Deleuze Lucas Dilacerda Gilles Deleuze (1925-1995) apresenta os conceitos de tirano e de tirania em diversas variações ao longo da sua obra. Em 1955, no texto Instintos e instituições, Deleuze afirma que “a tirania é um regime onde há muitas leis e poucas instituições” . Em 1962, no texto Jean-Jacques Rousseau - Precursor...
Article
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Fear and anxiety disorders are prevalent in dogs. These disorders are not adequately resolved by current interventions, which urges exploration of additional interventions. In humans, fear and anxiety disorders such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), are effectively treated by Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR). EMDR is a n...
Article
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Impairment in the learning/memory behavior of bees is responsible for the massive disappearance of bee populations and its consequent agricultural economic losses. Such impairment might be because of o both pesticide exposure and pathogen infection, with a key contributor deformed wing virus (DWV). The present study found that sodium butyrate (NaB)...
Article
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Abstract Background Winter numbers of the northwest European population of Bewick’s Swans (Cygnus columbianus bewickii) declined recently by c. 40%. During the same period, numbers of two sympatric and ecologically-similar congeners, the Mute Swan (Cygnus olor) and Whooper Swan (Cygnus cygnus) showed increases or stability. It has been suggested th...
Article
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Ethology and behavioral ecology study the behavioral traits, behavior patterns and behavior mechanisms of animals, as well as the behavior strategies to adapt to environmental changes. Here, we briefly review some significant achievements of these two research fields over the past forty years in China by focusing specifically on mammalian taxa. The...
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2021) Adaptive foraging tactics of greater short-nosed fruit bats on a spiny shrub and its effect on seed dispersal. Journal of Ethology, 39: 353-361, https://doi.
Poster
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Patterned signs and signals in animal communication, Total Umwelten, zoosemiotics, biophysics of animal communication
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Zusammenfassung Bei landwirtschaftlich genutzten Tieren werden strafrechtlich relevante Leiden infolge einschränkender Haltungsbedingungen regelmäßig verkannt. Grund dafür ist insbesondere, dass erhebliche Leiden gar nicht geprüft werden und dass wissenschaftliche Erkenntnisse der Tierverhaltensforschung (Ethologie) außer Acht gelassen werden. Der...
Article
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Animal body size has important evolutionary implications. The wolf spider genus Schizocosa Chamberlin, 1904 has developed as a model for studies on courtship, with visual and vibratory signals receiving attention; however, body size has never been carefully evaluated. Although species of Schizocosa can be distinguished from their close relatives by...
Article
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Many factors can impact the advancement of scientific disciplines. In the study of animal behavior and cognition (i.e., Ethology), a lack of consensus about definitions or the emergence of some current events and inventions, among other aspects, may challenge the discipline’s grounds within the next decades. A collective metadisciplinary discussion...
Article
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The Annual Biosemiotic Achievement Award was established at the annual meeting of the International Society for Biosemiotic Studies (ISBS) in 2014, in conjunction with Springer and Biosemiotics . It seeks to recognize papers published in the journal that present novel and potentially important contributions to biosemiotic research, its scientific i...
Preprint
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During development, organisms interact with their natural habits while undergoing morphological changes, yet it remains unclear whether the interplay between developing systems and their environments impacts animal morphogenesis. Here, we use the cnidarian Nematostella vectensis as a developmental model to uncover a mechanistic link between organis...
Article
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In most male mammals, fitness is strongly shaped by competitive access to mates, a non-shareable resource. How, then, did selection favor the evolution of cooperative social bonds? We used behavioral and genetic data on wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) in Gombe National Park, Tanzania, to study the mechanisms by which male-male soc...
Article
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Resumo O texto apresenta resultados de pesquisa teórica realizada nos últimos anos acerca da importância da empatia para a comunicação e trata do que se pode considerar uma crise da empatia gerada por um século de comunicação de massas, propondo relações entre comunicação presencial e eletronicamente mediada e perda da propriocepção corporal fundam...
Article
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In this paper, I present an argument that quantitative behavioural analysis can be used in zoosemiotic studies to advance the field of biosemiotics. The premise is that signs and signals form patterns in space and time, which can be measured and analysed mathematically. Whole organism sign processing is an important component of the semiosphere, wi...
Article
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Many social animals interact jointly, but only humans experience a specific sense of obligation toward their co-participants, a joint commitment. However, joint commitment is not only a mental state but also a process that reveals itself in the coordination efforts deployed during entry and exit phases of joint action. Here, we investigated the pre...
Article
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La toxicidad por medicamentos causa elevada morbimortalidad, su presentación clínica es muy heterogénea y, en la mayoría de los casos, resulta imposible establecer certeramente el diagnóstico. Los patólogos juegan un rol fundamental en el reconocimiento y la descripción de los patrones histológicos que adopta, incorporando elementos tales como la g...
Article
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Las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación se han convertido en elementos clave para la construcción de un modelo de sociedad digital indispensable para la superación de los retos socioeconómicos planteados por la crisis sanitaria del coronavirus Covid-19. En estas coordenadas, es necesario reivindicar un concepto de competencia mediática...
Presentation
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Project Group 3: Cyberphilosophy, Design Hermeneutics and Design Phenomenology of Artificial Intelligence, Virtual Reality and Synergetic Cybernetics Independent Research Group in Dresden with PD Dr. Federica Buongiorno; Manja Büttner-Unger, Mag. Art.; Friederike Frenzel, M.A.; Professor Dr. Dr. Bernhard Irrgang External Cooperation with Prof. Dr...