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Article
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Freelisting is a widely-used ethnographic data elicitation and analysis technique that can help researchers quickly and systematically collect and quantify qualitative cultural data. The paper discusses the value of freelisting for IS researchers who conduct qualitative and/or quantitative research. Specifically, the paper provides an overview of f...
Conference Paper
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Ethnographic fieldwork has become a common method in CSCW research for understanding places and people. Recent technological developments have expanded opportunities for ethnographic fieldwork by teams by enhancing recording and management of field data and facilitating collaboration among researchers. In this research, we examine the implications...
Article
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CONTEXT Worldwide farmer managed irrigation systems have provided crops for food, feed and the market for centuries. From high mountain environments to river valleys and deltas, in all continents people have organized to construct, use, maintain, transform and sustain irrigated agro-ecosystems. In this context it is important to better understand h...
Chapter
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The chapter argues for a people-oriented perspective to social innovation, viewing that as the only genuine way to ensure equality in research relations and the legitimacy and sustainability of change processes. It follows that such an approach holds the promise of critically reflective intellectual work, something often claimed by researchers and...
Chapter
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We consider how current inclusion discourses match the Danish (and Nordic) ideals of equal access to welfare. Reflecting critically on policies and intervention in theory, and on what is going on in practice, gives insight into the day-to-day experiences of both migrants and volunteers, which acknowledges the many transcultural activities going on...
Article
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Digital technologies allow knowledge workers to work from multiple locations in both urban and rural areas, creating urban–rural linkages. Information and communication technologies (ICTs) play a critical role. We used a novel mixed-methods approach to combine quantitative data from laptop and smartphone tracking with qualitative data from ethnogra...
Article
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This paper focuses on the 2011 ‘squares movement’ in Greece to enquire into the importance of (popular) sovereignty for mobilized individuals in relation to representation and crisis. We draw on tools of political theory and discourse analysis, adopt a ‘bottom up’ ethnographic perspective, and incorporate insights from social movement studies and t...
Article
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Obesity in early adolescents is a public health concern and presents a risk for poor health outcomes later in life. Early adolescents’ beliefs and behaviours of physical activity and healthy eating are not well understood. The purpose of this ethnographic inquiry was to explore the physical activity and healthy eating beliefs and behaviours of earl...
Article
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The 'turi-turian' folklore is assumed to be a bedtime story for children. Folklore has an essential message as an implied message for the reader or listener. Folklore is the ethnic creativity of traditional communities that maintains the culture and is firm in living traditions that are passed down from generation to generation. This study aims to...
Article
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The rate of cervical cancer among Canadian Inuit women is higher than the national average. To date, early detection remains the best strategy for reducing the incidence of cervical cancer and its consequences. Thus, the aim of this study was to explore the barriers and facilitators in implementing human papillomavirus (HPV) self-sampling as a prim...
Article
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The aim of the research is to look into the agency of women in Ethiopia’s Integrated Functional Adult Education program. The researcher’s perspective is guided by the constructivist approach paradigm in this study. To finish the study, the researcher uses a qualitative technique and an ethnographic case study design. The data was collected from lea...
Article
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Effective, low-cost clinical interventions to improve facility-based care during childbirth are critical to reduce maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity in low-resource settings. While health interventions for low- and lower-middle-income countries are often developed and implemented top-down, needs and circumstances vary greatly across lo...
Chapter
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When I grow up, I hope to write a book half as good as Power Struggles. Its narrative is elegant, engaging, accessible. Its insights will keep you thinking long after you read the last page. Power Struggles is that rare book: scholarly without being scholastic; intimately ethnographic without losing sight of the Big Picture; politically committed w...
Article
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The growing waste volume is an acute issue on the circular economy agenda and consumers play a key role by sorting recyclable materials from residual waste. In the literature, the experience of inconvenience is recurrently identified as a main barrier to sorting. Modeling inconvenience as the effort required for sorting, these studies suggest adjus...
Article
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Lower state courts are the focus of both international and national access to justice policies and programs but remain understudied in Uganda. Drawing on 3 years of ethnographically informed research on citizen engagement with a busy magistrates' court in post‐war northern Uganda, we show the diverse reasons why citizens appeal to the rule‐of‐law i...
Article
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Over the years, the conceptualisation of problem solving as a transferable skill has led to the emergence of various constructs and framings. While the models and the defined stages of problem solving are similar across the available research studies, some have warned that the context in which problems are defined and solved matters and cannot be o...
Article
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Localisation, as it aims to shift power in the humanitarian system, will involve the increased inclusion of local faith actors, those national and local faith-affiliated groups and organisations that are often first, and last, responders in crises and have been responding in humanitarian contexts for many years, but often in parallel to humanitaria...
Article
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Ecological anthropology in China has a history of more than 70 years, and can be divided into four stages. The first stage was in the 1950s, which began with China’s identification of minzu and socio-historical surveys of ethnic minorities. This stage was characterized by refinement and application of the Economic-Cultural Type theory from Soviet e...
Article
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There is evidence of the perception that business is not doing enough to address societal problems. As a result, some companies have used corporate activism to demonstrate their support for causes and position themselves on specific issues. These positioning efforts are at the heart of public relations activities with the potential to create change...
Article
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Hunting and gathering, which date back to the Middle Pleistocene, are the oldest sources of sustenance. Practically, these hunting and gathering societies have gradually expanded their settlements and culture across the country. The present paper attempts a qualitative ethnographical study on the ongoing life of the Nir Sikaris which is one of the...
Article
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Background In this “Advancing simulation practice” article, we offer an expose of the involvement of real patients in Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCEs), inviting educators who traditionally involve solely SPs in their summative OSCEs to consider the practice. The need for standardisation in summative assessments can make educators...
Article
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This paper asks, through a digital ethnographic approach, how everyday domestic material culture creates translocal (dis)connectedness between the UK and Finland. I apply a 'translocal assemblage' analytic, where the focus is on the (dis)connectedness that is generated through everyday materialities across temporal, spatial, sociocultural and perso...
Article
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Background Lower limb venous disease can cause significant pain, loss of mobility, and can be detrimental to an individual’s quality of life. Manifestations of venous disease often pose a substantially negative impact on patients and place a high demand on finite healthcare resources. Whilst this problem is internationally recognised, most research...
Article
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Verbatim-word for word-is assumed to be a text that faithfully captures and represents a discursive event that took place in time and space, which would otherwise be ephemeral and unrepeatable. In modern societies, verbatim stands in for durable indexicality and materializes the social epistemology of evidence, accountability, and authenticity. Tod...
Article
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The application of competitive market policies in different national contexts has turned the geographical, economic and social characteristics of school location into an object of market value. This has potentially positive or negative effects on rural school-teachers’ discourses and practices on family and community involvement. Using a meta-ethno...
Article
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The ethnographic study shows tensions and conflicts that HRM professionals are exposed to during organizational change processes. They result from the fact that those responsible for HRM devote themselves to several projects at the same time, both short-term and long-term and of strategic nature. The study shows how HRM practitioners make change po...
Article
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This article analyzes the role of Munduruku indigenous community health workers (CHW) with the expansion of biomedical services as part of state presence and territorial control in Brazil. Centuries of interethnic contacts among the Munduruku have resulted in a plurality of health practices. Since 1999, Primary services have increased significantly...
Article
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The understanding of what ethnography looks like, and its purpose, is continuously evolving. COVID-19 posed a significant challenge to ethnographers, particularly those working in health-related research. Researchers have developed alternative forms of ethnography to overcome some of these challenges; we developed the Mobile Instant Messaging Ethno...
Article
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Increased international attention paid to research-based education has resulted in various national initiatives to exploit research in education. However, this poses challenges for school professionals. Based on an ethnographic single case study in a Swedish educational setting, this article investigates how national policy on research-based educat...
Article
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In this article, I describe the dilemmas of working as a physician-ethnographer within the Rikers Island jail healthcare system before and at the beginning of the COVID-19 epidemic in April 2020. The Rikers Island jail system in New York City has been in the national spotlight as a space of violence, trauma, and death amidst calls to decarcerate by...
Preprint
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The need for AI systems to provide explanations for their behaviour is now widely recognised as key to their adoption. In this paper, we examine the problem of trustworthy AI and explore what delivering this means in practice, with a focus on healthcare applications. Work in this area typically treats trustworthy AI as a problem of Human-Computer I...
Article
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The field of this research is the area of Thrace in Greece, in which people from various ethnic groups coexist for almost a century. Most of these ethnic groups moved to the area, after voluntary migrations in 1923. The newcomers were classified as "refugees" and were treated hostilely by the locals. One of these ethnic groups that was treated host...
Article
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This research aims to describe and analyze the factors cause children to drop out of school in Tanailandu Village, Mawasangka Sub-District, Buton Tengah Regency of Southeast Sulawesi Province. The method used in this research is a qualitative case study with an ethnographic approach. The results of the study showed that the factors cause the childr...
Article
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Although a common German sociological methodology, the documentary method has rarely been received outside the German-speaking region or in the field of criminology in general. Additionally, while ethnographic semantics is a recognized means of analysis in the field of ethnography, it is less known in criminological research. This paper proposes th...
Article
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Purpose This research article presents an exploratory case study of the sociotechnical landscape of BookTok, and how young people use it to connect with others around the books they love, or those they love to hate. By observing the interplay between young people, books, and the technology (TikTok) that connects them, this study aims to explore how...
Article
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This research aims to describe and analyze the wedding custom procedures of Wawonii people in Waworope Village, Wawonii Utara Sub-District, Konawe Islands Regency, Southeast Sulawesi Province. The theory used to analyze the data in this research is theory of Structural Functionalism put forward by Brown (1955). According to the researchers, this th...
Article
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This essay is an ethnographic account of a volunteer, anonymous hotline of physicians and advanced practice providers who offer medical advice and guidance to those who are taking medications on their own to end their pregnancies. Attending to the phenomenology of caring on the Hotline reveals a new form of medical expertise at play, which we call...
Article
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Studies of cultural transmission—whether approached by archaeological or ethnographic means—have made great strides in identifying formal teaching and learning arrangements, which in turn can be closely aligned with models of social learning. While novices and apprentices are often in focus in such studies, younger children and their engagement wit...
Article
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Argentine, Chilean, and Uruguayan hinchas (soccer or football supporters) cheer for their teams primarily through contrafacta of popular music. Until recently, chants were mainly composed in stadiums and other physical spaces of fan socialization. However, the increasing dominance of the messaging app WhatsApp has altered these sociomusical relatio...
Article
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This paper explores the understudied topic of international student sojourners' emotional intercultural competence in higher education by analysing Chinese postgraduate students' experiences of managing their emotions evoked during intercultural communication at a British university. Through ethnographic interviews, this study examines how students...
Article
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HCI tends to treat the humble office computer as a solved problem, yet most office workers still experience frustration when IT helpdesks need to be called. Why does this apparently "solved" problem persist? The software/hard-ware stack on a standard enterprise computer involves an astounding variety of possible drivers and application versions tha...
Chapter
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Based on testimonies by victims of sexual violence and their relatives, published in various sources like ethnographic accounts, chronicles, reportages, and films, this essay aims to understand how it is possible to define Mexican State as a Feminicidal State, as feminist protesters cried in different demonstrations in 2019. From the covering of cr...
Poster
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Ethnographic digressions emerge here and there in a variety of works of other genres, such as in tragedies, comedies, epigrams, orations, philosophical treatises, and even in epistolography. The analysis of the multiple contexts of ethnographic topics is a field of research that can still yield new results. Therefore, the aim of this panel is to or...
Article
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This qualitative study focuses on Grade 6 students’ possibilities to engage in disciplinary writing practices in history teaching in a school located in a socially disadvantaged and linguistically diverse area. The aim is to contribute knowledge about how students negotiate different literacy expectations in the teaching. The researcher used ethnog...
Chapter
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This chapter fuses critical institutionalism and literary analysis, along with autobiographical autoethnographic anecdotes, to formulate an account of absurdity in the English public sector. The lesser-known work of the renowned Polish satirist Sławomir Mrożek ‘Chocolates for the Director’ (original: Czekoladki dla Prezesa) is explored and utilized...
Preprint
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Building on but extending the critiques of concepts of development and migration and development, this article offers a political economic analysis of dispossessive “growth and development.” It speaks to contemporary crises including displacement that are actuated by the interlinked processes of physical mobility and downward social mobility. The a...
Article
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There is a paucity of recent research on direct water quantity measurement for personal and domestic hygiene. We aimed to measure the water quantity used for personal and domestic hygiene and to explore the reasons and determinants for variation of water usage. We conducted this study from September 2014 to June 2016 in a low-income urban community...
Article
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This article explores how twelve practitioners of a contemporary Western Śākta community relate to Devī, experience Her presence in their lives, embody Her through the practice of deity yoga, and find their manner of relating to self, others, and the world transformed by it. The narratives were obtained via semi-structured interviews and thus incre...
Chapter
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The southern parts of Palestine, as an intercontinental transit region for various kingdoms throughout the history of the Ancient Near East, constituted an open space through which migrants, armies and merchants moved along the international route between Egypt and Greater Syria. Two-way population movements between the southern parts of Palestine’...
Chapter
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Arabic Toponymy around Ashkelon: The Village of Hamama as a Case Study The village of Hamama, situated between the cities of Ashdod and Ashkelon, was the second largest village, in both its territory and the number of its inhabitants, in the Gaza sub-district during the British Mandate period. The article surveys and discusses the Arab toponymy of...
Article
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This study aimed to understand the “school failure” in a public elementary school in the city of Vitória, ES, Brazil, submitted to the quantifying evaluation policy. The research was carried out in a school that obtained the lowest result in the Brazilian Basic Education Development Index (Índice de Desenvolvimento da Educação Básica - IDEB) in the...
Article
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Background Young people with diabetes experience poor clinical and psychosocial outcomes, and consider the health service ill-equipped in meeting their needs. Improvements, including alternative consulting approaches, are required to improve care quality and patient engagement. We examined how group-based, outpatient diabetes consultations might be...
Article
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This paper uses a novel approach to compensate for inherent sampling biases and to compare the age profiles of two ancient Maya sacrificial assemblages to expectations from a model life table for traditional horticultural populations. It seeks to statistically rule out the possibility that either site is accumulated due to a standard mortality proc...
Article
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More than three decades ago, several countries undertook the commitment to develop inclusive education systems based on the postulates of "Education for All", promoted by international organizations. Mexico was no exception, and although its policies have been gradual, the construction of inclusive schools has become a central issue, which is a cha...
Article
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Quintan Wiktorowicz’s typology and other methods of classification developed by other scholars from his approach have been the most popular when studying Salafism. However, such typologies, especially when examining Salafism in non-Middle Eastern and minority contexts, have their shortcomings. The first main problem with current typologies is that...
Article
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Background In this paper we explore how staff involved with infection prevention managed the emerging COVID-19 crisis in the context of scarcity of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), focussing specifically on the (re)writing of guidelines. We conceptualize guidelines as ‘mediating devices’ as they translate between evidence and clinical practice,...
Article
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As participatory integration policies proliferate in Europe, it has become urgent to examine how the relational techniques of government they deploy condition migrants' membership in their host societies. This article forges an interactive and intersectional approach to the analysis of integration policies with the intent of laying bare the complex...
Article
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The traditional games of kaili children, nogarata, nomaca, and gunrece, are formed from socio-cultural processes influenced by the spirit of Islam. His paradigm of play shifted from the sacred and mystical to the educational and Islamic paradigm that positioned traditional games as a vehicle for educating and shaping morals. The purpose of this stu...
Article
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Based on the authors’ ethnographies in the fields of taiji, ballet, and yoga, this article outlines and reflects the theoretical and empirical scope of what we mean by “ethnomethodological ethnography.” Ethnomethodology and Conversation Analysis (EM/CA) have been juxtaposed and pit against various forms of ethnography and vice versa—for example, by...
Article
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Agrobiodiversity is a promising nature-based solution in the pursuit of sustainable agriculture. In wine-growing systems, commercial pressure and varietal regulations have narrowed agrobiodiversity in vineyards despite higher diversity being an important buffer against the effects of climate change. If drivers of grape diversity change are well-und...
Article
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The various ecosystems of the Carpathian Mountains spanning Europe, are a rich refuge for culturally important, endemic plant species as well as large carnivores. These biologically diverse landscapes are a principal source of subsistence to 16 million people, including various ethnographic groups. This paper focuses on a case study involving Hutsu...
Article
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Central to the police role and function are the inter- and extra-institutional demands for “knowledge” on crime and frontline policing. However, this subject has failed to generate the required empirical attention. The current study thus draws on Ericson and Haggerty’s conceptualization of police as “knowledge workers” to reveal the extent to which...
Article
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Background In 2016–18, a large measles outbreak occurred in Romania identified by pockets of sub-optimally vaccinated population groups in the country. The aim of the current study was to gain insight into barriers and drivers from the experience of measles vaccination from the perspectives of caregivers and their providers. Methods Data were coll...
Article
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From the sixteenth century onwards, the Jesuit educational model, as well as the method of evangelization propounded by the same religious Order, have been relying on the mastery of certain rhetorical techniques and, notably, in strong linguistic competency. This contribution examines how the Jesuits in modern Shanghai understood and put into appli...
Article
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Whether ethnoarcheological models of hunter-gatherer mobility, landscape use, and structuration of the inhabited space are relevant to the archeology of Neandertals and the Middle Paleolithic remains controversial. The thin lenses of hearth-associated stone tools and faunal remains excavated in sub-complex AS5 of Cueva Antón (Murcia, Spain) signifi...
Article
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Harvey Whitehouse offers a complex and stimulating theory of rituals that bind people together and propagate via affiliative imitation. The Ritual Animal argues that fundamental problems of group cooperation can be solved by causally opaque and goal-demoted behaviors which produce arbitrary cultural conventions, honest signals of membership, and co...
Article
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Most academic studies and public debates about transnational adoption prioritise the experiences of adoptive parents and the voices of professionals, but the perspectives and voices of birth families are rarely heard. I address this shortcoming through a critical analysis of the transnational adoption system by exploring the narratives and experien...
Thesis
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This thesis engages ethnographically with actors whose practices constitute contemporary Swedish universities and who pose and respond to everyday questions of ethics and multilingualism. In contradistinction to the discursively monolingual horizon of contemporary academia, the thesis thinks questions of language differently, contributing to the gr...
Article
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Export paintings that depict local images of one’s country with the purpose of being sold to foreign customers emerged in China and Korea in the late eighteenth and late nineteenth centuries, respectively, when the countries opened their ports to Europe and America. Given this historical context, the conventional understanding of export paintings o...
Article
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This paper offers an ethnographic case study of a UK-based engineering company in the aftermath of its acquisition, focusing in particular on its R&D unit. The Lab struggled to maintain its practice-based work in an institutional environment that emphasised the pursuit of external goods. We use this case to develop two arguments. Firstly, we illust...
Article
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This article ethnographically analyses the phenomenon of agrochemical spraying in rural school contexts of the Argentine Humid Pampas. The analysis is guided by a Gramscian approach and is based on fieldwork carried out in the southeastern region of the province of Córdoba (Argentina). On analyzing the daily experiences of these teachers with pesti...
Article
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It is increasingly common for advocates for LGBTQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer) workspace benefits and protections to argue for equitable treatment by utilizing the ‘business case’, or the argument that fostering a diverse and inclusive workspace promotes positive economic outcomes for multinational corporations (MNCs). Utilizing thi...
Article
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There have been acknowledgments of the potential impact of the physical setting on how children behave in several contexts. School as an environment, where children spend most of their time throughout the year, can affect how they behave in certain situations. Bullying has been highlighted as one of the most prevailing problems occurring in schools...
Article
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Objectives: This study aimed at identifying the content of implicit messages conveyed by female teachers to their female students. Methods: The ethnographic qualitative approach was used to achieve the goals of the study. Fifteen audio recorded class sessions of four teachers teaching the 9 th or 10 th grades at a certain public school were observe...
Article
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Background Many people living with dementia eventually require care services and spend the remainder of their lives in long-term care (LTC) homes. Yet, many residents with dementia do not receive coordinated, quality palliative care. The stigma associated with dementia leads to an assumption that people living in the advanced stages of dementia are...
Article
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Since its discovery in the 1970s, the rich rock art assemblage of Alta, Northern Norway, has been increasingly examined and interpreted. Central to the interpretations are topics such as ritual, circumpolar cosmology, landscapes and communication. The interpretative frame of reference has grown steadily, while discussions and disagreements have bee...
Article
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The “woke movement” is now under fire globally. Seeking to right social injustice and battle racism, the woke movement has laudable intentions, but its implementation can exacerbate social inequalities. In the case of Canada, a social movement seeks to ferret out “Pretendians” or those White individuals deemed to be falsely assuming, and thus appro...
Article
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Equating maritime anthropology to the ethnography of fishing communities has driven researchers to neglect certain subjects (and objects) such as traditional shipbuilding communities. It has also limited the array of sources of information. Few anthropological studies have focused on traditional boat building, while these practices are heading towa...
Article
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This paper reflects on some Arabic terms, previously noted by scholars, of small‐scale monument types, which have a symbolic and semantic conflation of ‘cooking fire’ and ‘permanent occupation’, such as raḍfa, jamara, ʾaṯfiya and rabaʿa. The paper discusses more terms that confirm this conflation and widen it to include the concept of tribal protec...
Article
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Ethnographic reflections on the short story by A. Volos "Local man"
Article
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This article draws on an ongoing research project that seeks to document ethnographically everyday Jewish life in Finland today. Based on the framework of vernacular religion, it approaches religion “as it is lived” (Primiano 1995) and analyses the many expressions and experiences of rules in day-to-day Jewish life as part of complex interactions b...
Article
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Rules concerning romantic relationships and sex—what we term ‘purity rules’—are central to Pentecostalism in Uganda. In public church arenas, the born-again variant of the rules laid down during Uganda’s ‘ABC’ response to HIV/AIDS — ‘abstain till marriage and be faithful once you marry’—are presented as clear and non-negotiable. Yet in church membe...
Article
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Classic ethnographic studies focusing on traditional chieftaincy in Ghana, West Africa, have revolved around issues such as succession rules, installation rituals, or competition for positions of power. However, becoming and being a chief in a predominantly Christian society, like present-day Ghana, has raised new kinds of concerns. Many churches,...
Article
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OPEN ACCESS VIA DOI Global imaginaries of middle-