Science topic

Ethnobotany - Science topic

Ethnobotany is the scientific study of the relationships that exist between people and plants. Ethnobotanists aim to document, describe and explain complex relationships between cultures and (uses of) plants, focusing primarily on how plants are used, managed and perceived across human societies. This includes use for food, clothing, currency, ritual, medicine, dye, construction, cosmetics and more.
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Publications related to Ethnobotany (7,282)
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Research
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The study was conducted to investigate the anatomical and histochemical characteristics of the leaf, stem, and bark of G. senegalensis, by using light and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). The analysis revealed the presence of pitted xylem vessels, fibers, stone cells, starch, various types of trichomes, and calcium oxalate cryst...
Article
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Knowledge on the seaweeds of eastern Sorsogon in the Philippines is uneven. Not only is eastern Sorsogon among the areas of high seaweed diversity but locals there have interacted with seaweeds for ages. Despite seaweeds' assumed importance to Sorsoganon, ethnobotanical records are missing. In this study, we documented the traditional knowledge on...
Preprint
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Since the first colonial encounter, Indigenous people have shared their unique systems of knowledge with colonial actors. Yet, their roles in colonial research and their contributions to Western science remain both obscured by the careers of their collaborators and segmented by the bounds of the disciplines they helped advance. This article is an a...
Article
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Background Despite the fact that ethnobotanical studies have been conducted in various parts of Ethiopia, compared with the existence of the multitude and diverse ethnic groups and their associated traditional knowledge, the studies are not comprehensive enough for all the localities and communities in the country. This is also true for the Hamar c...
Article
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Background Native potatoes are Andean tubers of great historical, social, food, genetic and nutritional importance, and they contribute significantly to food security by supplementing the household diet and also providing alternative income. Even when their cultivation and consumption imply great benefits, their use and local preservation depend to...
Article
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Background and aims: Palms (Arecaceae) are one of the most conspicuous elements of Northeast Argentina (NEA), occupying a central place in the landscapes and worldviews (M´bya, family farmers). The objective of this work is to survey the diversity of palms, uses, valuations and management practices of palms and palm groves recorded in documentary s...
Article
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This paper aims to assess the area of ethnoecology within funding provided by the São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) to projects and events in order to discuss the importance of this area for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and the opportunity to advance this area of knowledge, The paper presents a retrospective analysis of...
Article
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Cough refers to a powerful explosive expiration that clears the tracheobronchial tract of fluids and foreign materials. Given the high frequency of cough in both children and adults, the goal of this review paper was to document the plants used to cure and relieve cough in traditional culture and ethnobotany. The issues arising from the use of trad...
Article
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The geographical and ecological features of Transylvania enable the wide ethnobotanical use of pine species. The aim of this study was to survey the current ethnomedicinal and other traditional use of pine species of Hungarian-speaking ethnic groups in Transylvania and to compare them with earlier reports performed in Transylvania and from other co...
Article
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Background Almost from the very beginning of human existence, man has been interacting with plants. Throughout human history, plants have provided humans with basic needs such as sustenance, firewood, livestock feed, and wood. The world has approximately 3 million vascular plants. The treatment of primary health problems is provided primarily by tr...
Article
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Tetraclinis articulata (Vahl) Masters, commonly known as Sandarac tree and Araâr, is the only species representing the genus Tetraclinis Masters. The plant has been extensively used for medicinal, artistic, and ritual purposes since its first recorded use in 1800 B.C. Recently, a full range of ethnobotanical investigations has been undertaken to do...
Chapter
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This study documents the Mazahua ecological knowledge of plants, their nomenclature and classification, and their role in subsistence of people in a village of the Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve, Mexico. We registered 213 useful plant species within the territory studied. Prunus serotina, Rubus liebmannii, and Crataegus mexicana were the main...
Article
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Realizou-se a caracterização das Plantas Alimentícias Não Convencionais (PANC) encontradas no bairro São Francisco, município de Itaiçaba, Estado do Ceará, e para isso, buscou-se realizar o levantamento das PANC e compreender o conhecimento dos moradores sobre a utilização dessas plantas na alimentação. A coleta de dados ocorreu através de observaç...
Article
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The Trentino-South Tyrol region is a special statute region of northeastern Italy. This territory is of particular interest for its morphology, flourishing vegetation, and history, having been a meeting area among different civilizations. Hence, Trentino is characterized by an ethnic plurality and a rich ethnobotanical knowledge, even if the availa...
Article
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Globally, indigenous knowledge (IK) has been shown to be a critical factor in economic growth and sustainable development and is as important as scientific knowledge. However, when it comes to the African narrative, IK research still seems to fall short, even with the great recognition and interest it is attracting. IK has always been underprivileg...
Article
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In ethnobotany, the availability hypothesis predicts that plants that are abundant and easily accessible to people are more likely to be medicinal than not. By protecting species diversity away from people, protected areas (PAs) may act as a limiting factor to a sustainable development of traditional knowledge concerning medicinal uses, and in so d...
Article
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When we launched Ethnobiology and Conservation (EC) ten years ago, we were moved by the spirit of enthusiasm for the growth that ethnobiology had been experiencing (Alves and Albuquerque 2012). Despite the challenges clearly identified with the task of creating a new open-access journal, it was exciting. Since the creation of EC, we have sought to...
Article
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Traditional knowledge of medicinal plants and their uses has been well documented in Bulgaria in the past. However, we know little about the contemporary traditional application of medicinal plants. Rhodopes Mountain is an ethnobotanically poorly studied region. This region is suitable for conducting field research in ethnobotany for several reason...
Article
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Notes on Ethnobotany *This text is a revised version of one of the chapters of a book I recently published in portuguese (Albuquerque 2022) entitled Learning Ethnobiology. Abstract In this note, I construct a narrative that defends the interdisciplinary aspect of ethnobiology based on my experience as ethnobiologist. While I point out the criticism...
Article
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This study is the first ethnobotanical survey investigating the biodiversity of medicinal plants in the small Songo city (Northern Angola), as well as the indigenous knowledge related to the use of plant resources in healthcare by the local population. The study aims to document and help preserve and pass on this invaluable heritage to future gener...
Article
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The genus Phagnalon Cass., included within the Asteraceae family, has a wide distribution, expanding from Macaronesia in the West to the Himalayas in the East, from S. France and N. Italy to Ethiopia and Arabian Peninsula. Various species of Phagnalon have been used in the popular medicine of several countries as medicinal herbs and food. This lite...
Article
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Zanthoxylum acanthopodium DC. is a widely used traditional medicinal plant to treat fever, flu, stomachache, traumatic injury, and mosquito bite in tropical and subtropical Asia. This study aimed to investigate the antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, and larvicidal activities of its fruit essential oil. The essential oil sample from China (EO...
Article
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The popularly known Kazharchi Kai (Tamil), Caesalpinia bonduc L. (Fam: Caesalpiniaceae) is a traditional medicinal plant widely distributed in India which finds use as a therapeutic in indigenous systems of medicine such as Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Homoeopathy is a herbal remedy for treating of various ailments. The plant has been reported for i...
Article
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Tropical forests support a diversity of plants. Many of them are threatened, emphasising that their shared use by people and wildlife may benefit their conservation. Litt forests of southeast Madagascar, home to seven threatened lemur species, provide the Antanosy people with natural resources. In the early 2000s, protected areas were established i...
Article
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The aim of this article is the study of the botanical material in the fillings of 54 coffin pillows from Catholic and Protestant burials dated to the 17th-18/19th centuries, collected during the investigation of 15 church crypts in different regions of Poland, and consideration of the role of the plants used for this purpose. In a large part of the...
Article
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Changes in people’s dependence on the resources of the immediate natural environment and in the ways in which information is transmitted may result in the loss of some of the traditional knowledge of plants and their uses. In order to investigate and preserve this knowledge, a comprehensive ethnobotanical study was carried out in a little-studied e...
Article
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Background: Since the dawn of time, Moroccans have used medicinal plants as a popular remedy to treat a wide range of human and cattle health issues. Nonetheless, very little research has been conducted in the past to record and disseminate indigenous ethnopharmacological knowledge adequately. This study was conducted in the Rif and attempted to id...
Article
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Background Aboriginal peoples have occupied the island continent of Australia for millennia. Over 500 different clan groups or nations with distinctive cultures, beliefs, and languages have learnt to live sustainably and harmoniously with nature. They have developed an intimate and profound relationship with the environment, and their use of native...
Research
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Concerted efforts are required to keep cul- tural identity alive, and to document and make the traditional knowledge of a particular region and/or an ethnic group available to the wider audience. Such an effort by the editors of this book, Paniagua-Zambrana and Bussmann, has brought together tremendous amount of information on the ethnobotany of...
Article
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Introduction In recent years, research on wild edible plant resources has become increasingly popular. The Hassan Nature Reserve is a multiethnic area mainly composed of people belonging to the Han, Hui, and Mongolian groups. The utilization of edible wild plant resources in this area is extremely high. However, with the advancement of urbanization...
Preprint
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The quest for sustainable health, environmental protection and conservation of beneficial organisms makes the use of biopesticides a desirable option. This research aimed to identify botanicals used in the management of farm and household pest in Plateau State, Nigeria. A cross sectional study was carried out using semi-structured questionnaires an...
Article
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Over the centuries, wild plants have constituted the main food ingredients and traditional medicine in rural communities. In the last decades, thousands of ethnobotanical studies have been conducted, with the aim of documenting the traditional knowledge on wild and cultivated plants both for food and therapeutic purposes. In the present work, 75 pu...
Book
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In 2022, the 19th IWGP conference in České Budějovice offered the results of archaeobotanical research on a global scale at a time characterized in our field as a time of integration of many special methods and collaborating disciplines. The Abstract Book offers primary information on topics and results. The scope of archaeobotanical research today...
Article
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Northern Italy is an area particularly suitable for the cultivation of different crops. It used to be characterized by a high agrobiodiversity. However, it is estimated that over the last decades, this area experienced a genetic erosion of more than 90%, resulting in the loss of many traditional plant genetic resources (PGR). Nevertheless, recent s...
Article
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The nomadic behavior of Roma people has allowed their cultural interaction with people from different continents. Brazil has received Roma immigrants since its colonization, and there are currently more than 800,000 Roma people among the Brazilian population. This article describes the ethnobotanical knowledge of two Calon families (Alves and Danta...
Article
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Plant foraging is an important human ecological phenomenon being studied by a number of contemporary ethnobiologists as well as by a few social anthropologists among rural communities and, more recently, in urban environments. The sustainability dimension of foraging is, however, largely unexplored. We analyse a few case studies from recent field r...
Article
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Resumen Se identificaron numerosas entidades vegetales referidas como vulnerarios y para el tratamiento de las afecciones superficiales que se mencionan en la “Materia Médica Misionera” (M.M.M.), atribuida al jesuita Pedro de Montenegro fechada en 1710. Se detallan los empleos terapéuticos de cada una de ellas en atención al contexto médico históri...
Article
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Halophytes have long been used for medicinal purposes. However, for many decades, their use was entirely empirical, with virtually no knowledge of the bioactive compounds underlying the different applications. In recent decades, the growing problem of antibiotic resistance triggered the research on alternative antimicrobial approaches, and halophyt...
Article
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Morocco has a rich plant biodiversity and an ancient ethnobotanical knowledge influenced by the ethnic diversity of the Moroccan population. This heritage has been preserved from generation to generation by traditional herbalists. In this study, data were collected via a survey of herbalists based on the direct interview technique. Questions addres...
Article
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Morus alba Linn. is a plant with varieties of phytochemicals and commonly known as Mulberry tree or Nuni (in Assamese). Mulberry is a perennial and woody plant, belongs to the family Moraceae consider as a native plant of China. In Assam, the leaves of mulberry tree are out most important in horticulture department for feeding purpose. A literature...
Article
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Background: Indigenous people residing in rural parts of the country still use medicinal herbs to cure diseases and injuries and possess inherent knowledge of their preparation and uses. However, contemporarily, this knowledge is less being practiced and is waning along with the introduction of modern pharmaceuticals. Objective: A survey research w...
Article
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Pteridophytes, ethnobotany, distribution, IVI
Article
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This paper presents findings from the Recipes for Resilience project, an international, in-terdisciplinary collaboration between Caribbean and UK scholars of history, geography, anthropology , cultural studies, development studies, ethnobotany, and climate-risk studies, and the research partners, the Caribbean Youth Environment Network. The purpose...
Article
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Background: Cannabis has a very extensive history of its uses as a medicinal plant that likely dates back more than two millennia. This review was envisioned to provide a brief summary on ethnobotany, phytochemistry, medicinal uses and some biological activities of Cannabis (hemp) with emphasis on its legalization and regulation in Pakistan. Metho...
Article
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Background Measures of the importance of medicinal plants have long been used in ethnobotany and ethnobiology to understand the influence of social-ecological system factors in the formation of individuals’ differential knowledge and use. However, there is still a gap in empirical studies that seek to understand the temporal aspects of this process...
Article
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This study is an ethnobotanical survey conducted in the Limpopo Province (South Africa) with the goal of collecting detailed information about the cultural significance of indigenous plants in human culture. Three hundred and forty semi-structured interviews with traditional health practitioners and community members knowledgeable about plant use y...
Article
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Lamiaceae comprises widely distributed medicinal and aromatic plants, many of which are traditionally used in European countries. The current study aimed to document Lamiaceae taxa used in rural Bulgaria (Southeast Europe) and to explore the related local knowledge and cultural practices that influence their utilization for various purposes. Field...
Article
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Considering the broad potential of the genus Cymbopogon, here we present a systematic literature survey on it’s antimicrobial potential. This is a review, articles from the Scielo and PubMed platforms. The articles surveyed were published between 2015 and 2020, with the theme of microbiology, including ethnobotanical studies, literature reviews, in...
Article
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Abstrak Masyarakat lokal etnis Batak di Sumatra Utara masih menggunakan tumbuhan dalam pengobatan tradisional. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui jenis tumbuhan yang dimanfaatkan dan manfaat tumbuhan obat oleh masyarakat etnis Batak Mandailing di Desa Tanjung Julu Kecamatan Mandailing Natal. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan pendekatan etnobot...
Chapter
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The Sonerileae are a pantropical clade that comprises 1080 species (44 genera) typically occupying shaded and humid habitats in forests. This group is morphologically diverse, including herbs, shrubs, and treelets with 3–6-merous flowers, isomorphic or dimorphic stamens, various connective appendages, and fruits as berries or capsules. The diagnost...
Article
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Skimmia anquetilia N.P. Taylor and Airy Shaw (Rutaceae) is a perennial, aromatic, gregarious wild ornamental shrub native to the Western Himalaya. The plant is used in the traditional medicinal system to treat copious health conditions like rheumatism, fever, inflammation, headache, influenza, body-ache, clearing of the nose, diabetes, lowering the...
Article
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A comparison of the conservation practices associated with the management of the family agricultural production system called the Trau Misak garden and the Patchocona garden is presented. in the indigenous peoples of the Tontotuna Reservation, Municipality of Totoró-Cauca-Colombia and the Tsotsil people, Municipality of Chamula-Chiapas-México, resp...
Article
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Cholistan Desert is a sandy desert located in southern Punjab, Pakistan. The area is rich in more than 64 medicinal plants among 138 plant species. It is noteworthy that this remote desert lacks modern health care facilities and its inhabitants are dependent on locally-available plant species for the treatment of acute and chronic illnesses. Medici...
Article
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Introduction: Ethiopia is recognized as one of the richest biodiversity in Africa. The present review aimed to compile relevant information on medicinal plants traditionally used to manage urogenital diseases in Ethiopia. Methods: Different literatures published specifically on ethnobotanical use of medicinal plants in scientific journals, books, t...
Article
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Abstrak. Pembelajaran biologi tidak selalu bersumber dari pembelajaran kelas. Belajar dari alam merupakan cara lain mempelajari sumber daya alam di sekitar. Etnobotani merupakan cabang ilmu biologi yang memungkinkan seseorang atau masyarakat etnis menggunakan tumbuhan di alam untuk keperluan manusia. Studi-studi yang relevan terkait dengan etnobota...
Article
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Species of the genus Miconia are used in traditional medicine for the treatment of diseases, such as pain, throat infections, fever, and cold, and they used as depuratives, diuretics, and sedatives. This work reviewed studies carried out with Miconia species, highlighting its ethnomedicinal uses and pharmacological and phytochemical potential. This...
Article
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is review is aimed at assessing and compiling the di erent ethnomedicinal studies in di erent parts of Ethiopia used to treat respiratory diseases. e data were collected from di erent published research papers through searching the web sources such as PubMed, Science Direct, Google Scholar, and other related websites. e important search terminologi...
Article
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In this new era of Mediterranean Botany, the editorial team opened the possibility of submitting manuscripts for evaluation to the ethnobotany/ethnopharmacology section of the journal. We present a compendium of the minimum standards that manuscripts based in field research should comply in order to positively pass to the review process, as a minim...
Article
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Cancer is the second cause of death in the world and is foreseen to be responsible for about 16 million deaths in 2040. Approximately, 60% of the drugs used to treat cancer are of natural origin. Besides the extensive use of some of these drugs in therapies, such as those derived from the genus Taxus, a significant number of plants have revealed th...
Preprint
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Theory by Garfinkel's Harold(Ethnomethodology) Garfinkel's had given the theory of ethnomethodology to the field of sociology. His studies in Ethnomethodology are admirable. From the analogy of word ethnobotany, ethno psychology and ethno music he proposed the word ethnomethodology. He was searching on group of people in 1994 when he coined the wor...