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Publications related to Epidemiology (10,000)
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This study proposes a neoM.O.N.S.T.E.R.S. - mutating/mutagenic ontological narratives in spacetime echoing realistic situations - epidemiology to explicate zombies in/and contemporary India. Acknowledgement: This article is a part of a project that has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under...
Article
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Genome sequenced samples from cancer patients helped identify roles of different mutation types and enabled targeted therapy development. However, critical questions like what are the gene mutation rates among the patients? or what genes are most commonly mutated, pan-cancer? have only been recently answered. Here, we highlight this recent advance.
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Chronic inflammation drives proliferative responses, hence increasing cellular multiplication with the consequent risk of malignant transformation. Autoimmune responses against self-antigens drive chronic inflammation but may also enhance cancer immunosurveillance with the consequent reduction of tumor incidence and progression. These notions, whic...
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Background COVID toes or chilblain-like skin lesions have been widely reported during COVID-19 pandemic. Most cases were described in patients with negative microbiological tests for SARS-CoV-2, therefore the possible relationship with SARS-CoV-2 infection, as well as with the nowadays broadly available mRNA-based vaccination, has not been fully el...
Article
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Temporal graphs represent interactions between entities over the time. These interactions may be direct (a contact between two nodes at some time instant), or indirect, through sequences of contacts called temporal paths (journeys). Deciding whether an entity can reach another through a journey is useful for various applications in communication ne...
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The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in nosocomial transmission of COVID-19 within hospitals and other healthcare settings such as residential homes and primary care settings. Here, we discuss how a 5G network can be used to reduce such infections. Wen et al. discuss how implementing a 5G network in hospitals can be used to reduce nosocomial infectio...
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Background In 2013, PEDV was introduced in the United States (U.S.) and rapidly spread across the country. Here we describe the occurrence of PEDV in the growing pig herd of one large U.S. production system through an active surveillance set in place between October 2019 and November 2020 designed to assess disease status upon placement into the gr...
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The hepatitis C virus is hitherto a tremendous threat to human beings, but many researchers have analyzed mathematical models for hepatitis C virus transmission dynamics only in the deterministic case. Stochasticity plays an immense role in pathology and epidemiology. Hence, the main theme of this article is to investigate a stochastic epidemic hep...
Article
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In this paper, we solve the Cauchy problem for a hyperbolic system of first-order PDEs defined on a certain Banach space X. The system has a special semilinear structure because, on the one hand, the evolution law can be expressed as the sum of a linear unbounded operator and a nonlinear Lipschitz function but, on the other hand, the nonlinear pert...
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I propose an approach that expands philosophical views of scientific change, on the basis of an analysis of contemporary biomedical research and recent developments in the philosophy of scientific change. Focusing on the establishment of the exposome in epidemiology as a case study and the role of data as a context for contrasting views on change,...
Preprint
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During my experience as an author, peer reviewer, and editor in the course of COVID-19, I have encountered-and committed-various types of errors related to the interpretation and use of statistical measures and tests. Primarily concerning sciences such as epidemiology, infodemiology, and public health, the evidence used to inform a conclusion carri...
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The coronavirus pandemic of 2019 has already exerted an enormous impact. For over a year, the worldwide pandemic has ravaged the whole globe, with approximately 250 million verified human infection cases and a mortality rate surpassing 4 million. While the genetic makeup of the related pathogen (SARS-CoV-2) was identified, many unknown facets remai...
Poster
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Dear Colleagues, Characterizing the epidemiology of infectious diseases requires a proper understanding of the interplay between micro-organisms, such as viruses and bacteria, and the immune response. Given the limited available data on emerging infectious diseases, mathematical modelling remains a crucial tool used not only to gain insights into...
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Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic in Africa, many epidemiological or anthropological studies have been published. However, few studies have yet been conducted to understand the implementation of State interventions to fight the COVID-19 pandemic. In Senegal, the national response plan was planned before the country experienced its first...
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ldew isa serious disease of pepper caus�ing leaf shedding and resulting in low yield and poor quality of produce. Thirty-six accessions of local hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) were evaluated for re�sistance to powdery mildew (Leveillula taurica). Evalu�ation was performed under natural infection conditions in two locations (Nesheshiba and Abu Hara...
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The article discusses modern approaches and features of management, as well as predicting the risk of complications in patients with cardiac arrhythmias, in particular, atrial fibrillation, and the potential of using conservative and interventional treatment methods for heart failure (HF), taking into account updates and achievements in clinical pr...
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Antecedentes El término Epidemiología, desde siglos pasados ha sido fuente de discusión sobre el origen de esta disciplina, para el público lego, la Epidemiología evoca una disciplina médica que se ocupa de enfermedades a gran escala. Objetivo Realizar una revisión sistemática sobre origen de la Epidemiología, de la antigüedad a nuestros días. Mate...
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The SARS-CoV-2 outbreak has already affected more than 555 million people, and 6.3 million people have died. Due to its high infectivity, it is crucial to track SARS-CoV-2 outbreaks early to prevent the spread of infection. Wastewater monitoring appears to be a powerful and effective tool for managing epidemiological situations. Due to emerging mut...
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Essere giovani vuol dire tenere aperto l'oblò della speranza, anche quando il mare è cattivo e il cielo si è stancato di essere azzurro Bob Dylan (1985) Riassunto Il disturbo Anancastico di Personalità nella nosografia attuale è inserito all'interno del Disturbo Ossessivo Compulsivo. Il presente contributo parte dall'inquadramento diagnostico e la...
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Recently, many studies have shown that microRNAs (miRNAs) in extracellular bioliquids are strongly associated with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and its complications. The article presents issues related to the occurrence of subarachnoid hemorrhage (epidemiology, symptoms, differential diagnosis, examination, and treatment of the patient) and a rev...
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Therapeutic options for bacteremia caused by carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales (CRE) OXA-48-type are limited. The objective of this study was to analyze clinical success of CAZ-AVI compared with best available therapy (BAT) in patients with Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase-producing OXA-48-type bacteremia (CRKp-OXA-48). We conducted a retros...
Poster
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INTRODUZIONE Un'analisi geografica della mortalità descrive la distribuzione della stessa in una popolazione nello spazio e nel tempo, per differenti cause di decesso in uno specifico ambito geografico di riferimento. Essa consente di cogliere variazioni nella distribuzione della mortalità in aree diverse di un territorio preso in esame e di descri...
Article
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The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of herd size on stillbirth and dystocia rates; the relationships between herd size, calving season, parity, and gestation length in Japanese Black cattle were also explored. Data were collected for 41,184 calvings from 15,512 animals on 905 farms between 2006 and 2010. In this study, herds w...
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Introduction Life-space and frailty are closely linked to health-related quality of life and understanding their inter-relationship could indicate potential intervention targets for improving quality of life. We set out to examine the relationship between frailty and life-space and their relative impact on quality of life measures. Methods Using c...
Preprint
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In this brief, we present a summary of the update published on August 03, 2022, by the World Health Organization -WHO- about the SARS-CoV-2 variants and COVID-19 cases around the world, a summary of the CDC COVID Data Tracker Weekly Review published on August 05, 2022, and a comparison in the prevalence of Omicron sub-lineages from July 13 to Augus...
Article
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Background: The aim was to investigate inferences of statistically significant test results among persons with more or less statistical education and research experience. Methods: A total of 75 doctoral students and 64 statisticians/epidemiologist responded to a web questionnaire about inferences of statistically significant findings. Participants...
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Giant epidermal cysts, which have a diameter of ≥5 cm, have rarely been reported. Giant epidermal cysts that have multiple lobules are referred to as multilocular giant epidermal cysts. This study aims to establish the epidemiological characteristics and statistically determine the significance of lobulation in giant epidermal cysts. Data on 19 pat...
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Lupus nephritis (LN) is the most common organ lesion in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), developing in 4050% of patients. Due to immunosuppressive therapy, the survival of patients with SLE has increased significantly over the past 50 years, and the proportion of severe kidney damage in the death structure has decreased. However, LN relapses and...
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The widespread COVID-19 conspiracy theories are a problem in dealing with the pandemic, as their proponents tend not to adhere to public health regulations. The aim of this study was to analyse the relationships between religious fundamentalism, delusions, compliance with public health regulations, and religion-related conspiracy beliefs about the...
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Background: Despite the relatively high incidence of phalangeal fractures, there is an imperfect understanding of the epidemiology and anatomical distribution of these fractures. This study describes the patient characteristics, anatomic distribution, and detailed fracture patterns of phalangeal fractures among a large adult cohort in the United S...
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For the past 30 years, scholars across the fields of epidemiology, education, psychology, and numerous other fields have worked to develop interventions designed to reduce risk and enhance protection to prevent mental, emotional, and behavioral problems across the lifespan. This article presents a series of next steps that leverage this foundationa...
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In this research paper work, we developed a mathematical model for tuberculosis (TB). Disease was formulated and rigorously analyzed. The model subdivided into six compartments. The model has equilibria; the diseases-free equilibrium. The equilibrium states were obtained and analyzed for their stability relatively to the effective reproduction numb...
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We provide a game-theoretical epidemiological model for the COVID-19 pandemic that takes into account that: (1) asymptomatic individuals can be contagious, (2) contagion is behavior-dependent, (3) behavior is determined by a game that depends on beliefs and social interactions, (4) there can be systematic biases in the perceptions and beliefs about...
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Background: The association between vitamin D and weight gain remains controversial due to important limitations in the studies. We investigated the relationship between vitamin D levels and 5 and 10 years of weight and waist circumference change in a population-based prospective cohort study. Methods: Prospective study including participants aged...
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Purpose Nationwide analyses are required to optimise and tailor activities to control future COVID-19 waves of resurgence continent-wide. We compared epidemiological and clinical outcomes of the four COVID-19 waves in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Methods This retrospective descriptive epidemiological analysis included data from the nati...
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As COVID-19 continues to spread across the globe, governments all over the world have been finding ways of mitigating the pandemic. Various measures including lockdown and social distancing have been enacted to curb the spread of the virus. While the epidemiological trends of the disease have received considerable attention, the economic impacts of...
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Parental management has an important role in preventing problematic smartphone use among adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This study aimed to examine the parental factors (e.g., demographics, depressive symptoms and parenting styles) and adolescent factors (e.g., demographics, ADHD and oppositional defiant disorder...
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Background Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the major and most common opportunistic infection complicating lung transplant (LTX). The aim of this study was to analyse the epidemiological aspects of CMV infection in lung transplant patients subject to a pre-emptive anti-CMV approach and to study the impact of this infection on lung transplant outcome, in te...
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Carrier screening for autosomal recessive variants has become a cornerstone of community and public health genetics. While the first carrier screening programs were confined to conditions with relatively high prevalence, and hence well-known carrier frequency, the number of candidate genes has increased greatly since the advent of high-throughput D...
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Congenital upper limb deficiency care and management have undergone drastic changes over the past 50 years. Given the low incidence of this defect nationwide, this case report adds to the existing database to analyze the etiological investigations, descriptive epidemiology, and trend detection. We present a case of a 2-month-old male child with con...
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Background Early onset colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence is rising under age 50, with a birth cohort effect for increasing incidence among individuals born 1950 and later. It is unclear whether increasing incidence trends will confer increased risk beyond age 50, the previously most commonly recommended age to initiate screening, when screening ava...
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From an epidemiological perspective, the COVID-19 pandemic is a public health crisis. From an economic perspective, it is an externality and a social cost. Strikingly, almost all economic policy to address the infection externality has been formulated within a Pigovian analysis of implicit taxes and subsidies directed by a social planner drawing on...
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COVID-19 has caused almost 770,000 deaths in the United States by November 2021. The nighttime light (NTL), representing the intensity of human activities, may reflect the degree of human contacts and therefore the intensity of COVID-19 transmission. This study intended to assess the associations between NTL differences and COVID-19 incidence and m...
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Background: During the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, the importance of epidemiologists and epidemiology as a science is becoming clear. An epidemiologist leads the team that deals with health emergencies and pandemics. Whatever type of epidemiologist they are, they must have specific competencies, skills, functions, and ethics.
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Objectives To provide epidemiological data for cricket injuries in New Zealand. Methods A retrospective analytical review using epidemiological cricket data obtained from the national Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) for 2005–2016. Injury incidence was calculated per 1000 participants. Results There were 86 562 injuries (77 212 males and 9...
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Objectives . SARS-CoV-2 vaccination has shown reduced infection severity; however, the reinfection frequency amongst unvaccinated, partially vaccinated and fully vaccinated remains unclear. This study aims to elucidate the rates and associated factors for such occurrences. Methods . This retrospective epidemiological report included 1362 COVID-19...
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The aim of our study was to describe the epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of the most complex pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma (PGL) cases, including pheochromocytoma/PGL during pregnancy, in cyanotic congenital heart diseases (CCHDs), and metastatic pheochromocytoma. The English and Spanish literature was thoroughly evaluated searching for...
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Pathogen transmission depends on host density, mobility and contact. These components emerge from host and pathogen movements that themselves arise through interactions with the surrounding environment. The environment, the emergent host and pathogen movements, and the subsequent patterns of density, mobility and contact form an ‘epidemiological la...
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The emergence of acute, severe non hepA-E hepatitis of unknown etiology (ASHUE) has attracted global concern owing to the very young age of the patients and its unknown etiology. Although this condition has been linked to several possible causes, including viral infection, drugs and/or toxin exposure, the exact cause remains unknown; this makes tre...
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More than 61,000 persons below the age of 18 are living on the streets in the Greater Accra region in Ghana. Street children is a hidden vulnerable population and a global public health issue in the world, but little is known about their mental health and health needs, and mechanisms that contribute to their poor health. With a lack of mental healt...
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Resumo Objetivo: Comparar indicadores de cuidado assistencial em adultos com diagnóstico médico de diabetes mellitus (DM) no Brasil em 2013 e 2019, e analisar esses indicadores, em 2019, segundo características sociodemográficas. Métodos: Estudo transversal com dados da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde de 2013 e 2019. Foram avaliados os indicadores de cu...
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Syeda Sakina Zehra, Zoha Jahangir, Aleena Batool Karachi Medical and Dental College, Karachi, PakistanCorrespondence: Syeda Sakina Zehra, B-136, Block – 13, Federal B. Area, Karachi, Pakistan, Tel +92 3322609216, Email szehra362@gmail.com
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Background: Increased body mass may predispose children to a greater risk for radial head subluxation (RHS). Recent studies in the literature have reported a plateau in obesity prevalence among infants and toddlers. This study sought to examine recent epidemiological trends in RHS incidence from 2004 to 2018 using the National Electronic Injury Su...
Chapter
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Descrição do perfil epidemiológico dos acidentes por animais peçonhentos ocorridos na cidade de Cáceres-Mato Grosso. Realizar um levantamento epidemiológico descritivo dos casos de acidentes ocasionados por animais peçonhentos registrados entre os meses de janeiro de 2009 a dezembro 2019, no município de Cáceres no Estado de Mato Grosso. Foram noti...
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Arthropods’ vectors—those of a large variety of families, including Culicidae, Simuliidae, Psychodidae, Ixodidae, Agarsidae, Pulicidae, Glossinidae, Reduviidae, and Tabanidae (Akhoundi et al [...]
Preprint
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We consider a multi-species reaction-diffusion system that arises in epidemiology to describe the spread of several strains, or variants, of a disease in a population. Our model is a natural spatial, multi-species, extension of the classical SIR model of Kermack and McKendrick. First, we study the long-time behavior of the solutions and show that t...
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More than 8% of the global population is affected by a rare disease and >50% affected are children (30% of whom will die before 5 years). There are 6,000-8,000 classified rare diseases-80% are genetically based-with less than 500 FDA approved treatments (or <5% have therapies) available to treat them. Lack of standard definition and community-based...
Preprint
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The aim of this research is to examine the main risk factors, determinants and their influence on the prevalence of Diabetes Type 2 in England based on contemporary epidemiological data. Descriptive statistics and quantitative analysis of secondary routine data collected by NHS Digital, National Health Survey, Public Health England- Public Health P...
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New local linear estimators are proposed for a wide class of nonparametric regression models. The estimators are uniformly consistent regardless of satisfying traditional conditions of dependence of design elements. The estimators are the solutions of a specially weighted least-squares method. The design can be fixed or random and does not need to...
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Objective This study aimed to identify and project the epidemiological trends and the burden of lung cancer in China. Methods We extracted incidence, mortality, disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) and age-standardized rates of lung cancer in China, between 1990 and 2019, from the Global Burden of Disease Study (2019). The estimated annual perce...
Preprint
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In this brief, we present a summary of the update published on July 20, 2022, by the World Health Organization -WHO- about the SARS-CoV-2 variants and COVID-19 cases around the world, a summary of the CDC COVID Data Tracker Weekly Review published on July 22, 2022, and a comparison in the prevalence of Omicron sub-lineages from June 15 to July 22,...