Questions related to Epidemiology and Public Health
TB is transmitted through the air. The droplet nuclei generated when a sputum positive pulmonary TB patients coughs, mixes in the air and are carried to a susceptible person in the vicinity or by air currents to longer distances. Sputum Negative TB patients may also contribute in transmission of infection to a smaller extent. Now my concern is that, "Can housefly provides an additional epidemiological link to spread TB infection in the community?"
Could you please suggest some public health, psychological and behaviour science journals, considering the following criteria:
1) Scopus indexed
2) No APC (or at least research4life opportunity)
4) Real fast processing
NB: Impact Factor and Quartile - don't matter!
Do you have any methodology used to measure population exposure to outdoor PM2.5? I have temporal PM2.5 data and have a set of area wise census population data. In addition, I will have sample based socio-economic and health data too. How do I measure population at risk or their exposure?
Do you know a website to search for freelance collaborators in statistical analysis (SPSS, EQS, fuzzy, etc...)?
I live in a community where dog meat is a delicacy. I wish to assess the KAP of people involved in the activity of dog meat processing and those who consume the meat with regards to dog bite and rabies exposure. I wish to adopt a Cross Sectional descriptive survey with structured questionnaire in my approach as well as non formal face to face interview of targeted audience of the community. At the end of the study, I intend to carry out public enlightenment activities to educate the communities involved on dog bites, rabies and best health practices to adopt to avoid exposure to rabies infection. Your contributions will go a long way in enriching my study. Looking forward to your responses.
I am using ENA/WHO anthro analyser for plotting nutrition Z score normal distribution curves but each plot with reference WHO curve is plotted seperately. For eg: 1st graph is WHZ scores at baseline status with WHO ref curve and 2nd graph is WHZ scores at endline status. I want to show curves of both baseline and endline with WHO reference curve in same plot. I have tried but apart from minitab I couldnt find others but minitab cant plot WHO reference curve simultaneously.
Pls suggest tutorial for this plot.
Last week we have read a lot of "dramatic" news about this virus.
Is this problem really serious or it is just dramatization by some journalists?
In recent research (pdf attached is below) we found that patients with a low educational level became adapted to the prosthesis less frequently.
This was a cross-sectional study. The patients were identified by primary healthcare teams.
The inclusion criterion was that these should be patients who underwent major lower-limb amputations of any etiology. Associations between sociodemographic and clinical variables and the adaptation to lower-limb prostheses were assessed.
We examined 149 patients. Adaptation to the prosthesis occurred in 40% (60/149) of them, but only 62% (37/60) of these were using it.
Adaptation occurred more often among male patients (P = 0.017) and among those who had a higher educational level (P = 0.013), with a longer time since amputation (P = 0.049) and when the etiology was trauma (P = 0.003).
The result from logistic regression analysis showed that only patients with low education (P = 0.031) were significantly associated with a lower frequency of adaptation to prostheses.
What's your opinion and experience about this?
I know usually because of rare diseases, people are usually interested to use more controls, but in case of an epidemic the number of disease is more and recruiting cases are feasible.
For example 2000 of cases and 1000 of control
The Burnout Syndrome stems from the chronic emotional stress experienced by the worker, characterized by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and low personal accomplishment.
Our research assessed the prevalence of Burnout Syndrome and associated factors related with Primary Care Network Health worker, usinge Maslach Inventory for Burnout.
Average age was 44.9 years, most nurses, women, married with children and graduate. The prevalence of Burnout Syndrome was 10.8%, associated factors were younger age, excessive hours of work and job dissatisfaction.
These findings suggest the importance of adopting preventive and interventional measures for a better working environment.
What is your opinion and experience about this?
"Journal of Aging and Long-Term Care (JALTC)" aims to foster new scholarship contributions that address theoretical, clinical and practical issues related to aging and long-term care.
With abundant evidence in the literature that many health afflictions result from toxicant exposures, and with published NHANES data from CDC that most people have bioaccumulated numerous persistent toxicants within their body, why are medical students not taught about clinical toxicology and approaches to investigate and treat toxicant-related health problems?
First EVER Trauma Program Manager Course to be held at FRENCH LICK, Indiana, a RURAL venue, in conjunction with the annual Indiana Rural Health Association summer conference. Bring a friend and come on down to the country to network and build bridges which may last a lifetime and which might aid in the developing knowledge that we ALL bleed red, and we ALL have the same needs for injury prevention and trauma care.
This might seem simple, but I want to make sure I'm doing my analysis correctly. I know very little about using Stata and all the different functions. I'm analyzing the relationship between housing risk factors and poor birth outcomes, while looking at food security and race as effect modifiers.
Here are my variables:
Housing instability: ordinal scale from 1-12 (independent)
Birth outcomes (dependent) -
1. preterm birth - PTB (binary)
2. small for gestational age - SGA (binary)
3. low birth weight - LBW (binary)
Food insecurity (binary - effect modifier)
Race (binary - confounding variable)
Here's the code I've been using:
logistic PTB i.Housing Food Race
(tried this code for each birth outcome)
I want to make sure my input is describing the right interactions between my variables. Any help is appreciated!
i am research scholar and need help in modelling.
i want to check the impact of child care practices on child disease (for example fever) and the impact of disease on child's nutritional level. can i do this in one model, or can use some other statistical/econometric model to capture this impact.
During off the season/winter season, what should be our best strategies for dengue vector control to prevent from next epidemic season? I think Integrated vector management (IVM) strategies should be used round the year. We should continuously use ovitraps to check for seasonal trends, increase or decrease in vector population so that timely use of conventional control methods could be applied. Ovicides like bleach and some botanical extracts might be beneficial. But kindly share your ideas and experiences?
Does anyone know when 5-year age bands were first introduced, and the rationale for their use.
Indeed why are 1, 2, 3, 4-year age bands not used?
Also is anyone aware of research to show that 5-year age bands may be unhelpful when antigenic original sin is behind population counts for deaths or admissions?
I am writing a book and in it, I mention the epidemiological triangle (sometimes called the public health or infectious disease triad). Where did the formulation come from? Who first described it? The references I have found are not informative but it is clearly a very old idea. I am aware that the idea as applied to animal health was formulated in 1974 by an eminent fisheries biologist, Stanislas F. Snieszko (1902 – 1984) to apply to fish diseases. However, I am sure that there must be earlier versions for human health. So far I have been unable to find them.
Suppose I have a Questionnaire for a Stress assessment that contains 30 questions, each question has 5 answers (0- no stress, 1-mild stress, 2- moderate , 3-High stress, 4- Severe stress). The Total score of the 30 question varies from 0 - 120.
How we can categories the Total score (the range of total score is 0-120) into mild , moderate and severe? Which cut off s should l take for mild, moderate and severe?
Malnutrition, specially under-nutrition has been strongly linked with tuberculosis among children. However, there is scarcity of literature and guidelines in this area. I am trying to develop screening and referral guidelines for childhood tuberculosis among malnourished children which can be used by different cadres of health workers in Nepal.
Epidemiology, Public Health and Health Protection are the major fields of my interest
We do know that Zika virus is causing a pandemic problem that causes microcephaly on newborns. Now upon looking at several websites regarding zika virus, there are certain ways to stop the spread but also dangerous like using Ribavirin which inhibits the synthesis of viral RNA but small dosage can cause birth defects as well as to cause . Will there be a way to find out what other receptors or is there any other receptors it carry other than the E glycoprotein which also carries the function of cell to cell communication on this enveloped virus?
How do CDC and OHSA differ in controlling infectious and contagious diseases--e.g., MERS, Tuberculous-- and safety at hospitals? And through what avenues do they cooperate each other in normal and emergency situations? Please give me your experience, thoughts or relevant sources of information. Thanks.
WHO Oral Health Surveys, 2013 (Page 91)mentioned that cytomegalovrius is to be recorded in the list of oral manifestations. The form is a questionnaire that is to be recorded by an oral physician.
Although it is understood that, oral lesions related to cytomegalovirus are documented in HIV infections. How would one diagnose Cytomegalovirus at the clinical level in the absence of laboratory diagnosis.?
This is a bit silly question. How to calculate "average'' age-adjusted mortality rate for 15-year period of time if I have age-adjusted mortality rate for every specific year? Second question is "average'' age-specified mortality rate based on annual number of death in that age group. # Deaths in age group is know, but population in age group varies year-to-year. Should I used average number of deaths (total number divided by number of years) and compare with population in the middle of the observed period of time?
Thanks for answering.
Annals of Internal Medicine published today a very interesting paper introducing the "E-value" as a way of assessing robustness of Relative Risk, Odds Ratios, Hazard Ratios etc which may change how we interpret and present these statistics. I'd like to hear the opinion of statisticians?
If anyone want to play with the E-value I've attached a calculator
Some websites such as CDC center for diseases control and prevention offers a section called The Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR). Therefore, I want any suggestions for other websites provided the same ?
As per literature search, I found that most of the systematic reviews on corticosteroid therapy in prevention of pre-term birth complications are conducted in high economic countries. I am interested to do a systematic review on corticosteroid therapy in prevention of pre-term birth complications in middle and low economic countries, where there is a high infant mortality rate due to pre term delivery. Iam completely new to this concept. Your contribution, suggestions and support is required to design, conduct and publish this study. I hope any one who are expertise in this area can help me.
This past Friday I launched a request for involvement of Wayne State University, Detroit to take a lead in a program that I will write the test plan, then step aside, that is intent on matching society's "gold", the elder, with youth. Why are the youth in a juvenile prison, substance abuse is a safe starting point. I wish to "bcc" you on progress, then, see what happens. My personal goal is my own mental health hospital. In parallel I am writing another paper "Attention/Awareness", the abstract will be on my dhcook.net web site by the end of this week. Beyond (and don't ask me how) I now have connectivity into ASAM (American Society Addiction Medicine), a research group that operates from within the U. S. Dept. of Justice, then a big bunch of law firms.
There is some evidence that anti-HIV antibodies can destroy infected cells by binding to HIV envelope on the cell surface and activating NK cells, monocytes, macrophages, etc. via their Fc receptors.
I do intend to carry out a pilot test on the efficiency of barn owl Tyto alba to reduce rodent infestation in urban affected tropical zones. I would like to know the most challenging factors faced by anyone who ever had done such project. Give advice and share the results, please. Many thanks.
I am wondering if I could get published article or any possible scientific explanation about the possibility of rabies virus transmission with contamination of open wound with saliva of rabid animal/ or dog.
Journal of the Indian botanical society 43 (3) 1964 - pag. 466
Can anyone provide me this article? I'm working on an article about Pseudopithyella right now
Thanks in advance
I am environmental and public health specialist with specialized training in neglected tropical diseases.
I have been working on educating school children on ways avoiding infestation by oncercerca-volvulus.
I am interest to be part of this project as a project staff.
I shall be happy to hear from you.
Suppose you want to do an outcome research or progress of patients from a certain disease such as HIV or Tuberculosis. So you wanted to conduct a secondary data analysis on HIV/Care, Tuberculosis or any other disease related patient data. You request an anonymized data from a hospital, insurance provider, or research organization which has collected the data from a certain patient cohort. Then, you received a dataset which is 5 to 10 years or more years older. Due to the reason that the company which has been owning the data was not legally allowed to share the data 5 or 10 years ago, you couldn't access the data timely.
How much can this data be used in research? Can the findings from analyzing this data be used to reflect the conditions of the disease in the current patients?
Currently writing a research paper on if dengue, a disease transmitted by mosquitoes, is more common due to urbanization of human populations. I believe an effective and accurate spatial analysis technique will help my research because it will allow me to track and record the areas that are affected by dengue.
Currently working on a research that aims to relate ecology and epidemiology information in identifying factors that promote the emergence of leptospirosis in order to improve disease surveillance and preventive actions.
Is there any formula or calculator for measuring sample size in rare disease? especially if the researcher work in a medical center for this rare disease with nearly half of country cases
It will be interesting to know the scope of your work - are you including children in your study population? Is it a retrospective review, a prospective or cross-sectional study; is it hospital or community-based?
How much detail was provided? Where was the information made public e.g website, paper?
Related to a cross sectional and/or intervention study.
These are a prenatal and high risk OB settings. Women attend their prenatal care and weight, nutritional assessment is done during the first weeks of prenatal care. Should this women have high risk OB issues such as gestational diabetes, overweight, smoking, other medical issues such as thyroid, protein s deficiency, etc.
Hi, I am trying to use modelling to determine epidemiology of Potato Leafroll virus and Potato Virus Y.
I was trying to find the following three:
1) Normally accepted healthy potato mortality
2) PLRV-infected potato mortality
3) PVY-infected potato mortality
Could anybody recommend me a helpful article?
The global burden of cancer is becoming high in particular double burden in the developing country. I wish to propose a project on cervical cancer in Africa but I need a collaboration and facilitation. In this case can We get a fund to tackle cervical cancer in Africa? do you have some sponsoring organization?
Nikola Bradic MD
Clinic of Anesthesiology, Resuscitation and Intensive Care Medicine
Department of Cardiovascular Anesthesiology and Cardiac Intensive Medicine
University Hospital Dubrava
10000 Zagreb, Croatia
I am currently enrolled in a data analysis class. I need to get a clinical trial type data set that is related to Malaria study or some other infectious disease to use for practise. I need to find a free data set that meets the above specification.
About The Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE)statement
what is the possible score range of STROBE checklist? is there any cutoff score to define good or bad
Does anyone know of research/estimates/projections of the numbers of people worldwide who take either insulin or non-insulin glucose lowering drugs, or both? I am aware of major sources, such as the latest IDF Diabetes Atlas and WHO Global Report on Diabetes, which do not provide such information.
In systematic reviews, there are some registered trials, but the trails are not completed. Should we include them or cite them in the review?
if somebody from a country belonging to Nagoya Protocol implementation, can he/she collect plants from the original country then to study them outside the original country?
Which type of studies require special permission from the original country?
Is it sufficient to add a scientist from the original country on the published works?
I have conducted an RCT and I am sending it to a journal. I have calculated the hazard ratio, but I am not sure how to write down the findings of hazard ratio.
Please help .
I am working on vaccines supply chain and I need assistance from someone who is experienced in IR.
I am seeking for the best strategies to improve the supply chain and how to implement the strategies.
If you are, kindly indicate and I will send you the area I need help with.
The degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process and understand basic oral health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions that is the core of oral health literacy, would like to know how and through what modalities they are carried out around the globe, please share you insights.
I have seen some promising study results using naltrexone doses of 0.25 to 0.5 mg. daily in conjunction with opioid tapers. I have several patients who are interested to try this, but I fear precipitating withdrawal.
For a history of Portland Oregon's successful campaign to block the spread of San Francisco's plague epidemic in 1907. The then-recent proof that the vector was fleas primarily, rats only secondarily, must have optimized anti-plague tactics.
USAMV Cluj-Napoca is the first in Romania to promote the NON-SMOKING CAMPUS.
I ask you to help me to PROMOTE A NON-SMOKING POLICY ON YOUR UNIVERSITY CAMPUS. You are a student, professor, in the senate, please lets VOTE FOR NON SMOKING ON CAMPUS. PROHIBIT SMOKING on campus.
No special places for smoking. No special treatment for smokers.
We can’t construct professionals without educating citizens. Life needs to be protected. Public health needs protection.
We should promote Life and Health. Besides the Human Condition positive results, we reduce resources consumption resulting to a positive Global Economy, to a Sustainable Development and furthermore to overall Ecological Protection.
Please see the article attached available in Files folder of this group.
FILE NAME: USAMV Newsletter 21 tipar Cluj Napoca - Romania - Feb 2011 - cut version- Stop Smoking by ATW see pg15
STOP FUMATULUI LA USAMV CLUJ-NAPOCA, în UNIVERSITĂŢILE din ROMÂNIA şi ORIUNDE în LUME
Pentru o Românie şi o dezvoltare durabilă
EN ) Stop Smoking within USAMV Cluj-Napoca and All Romanian University campuses and Anywhere in the World – for a Sustainable Romania and Development
We can not build one way and destruct the other ways. Education must be sustainable only this way we can hope for sustainable developments, for economic stability and environmental protection.
The article is in Romanian language and is attached to the file folder (please see page 15 of the publication).
The English abstract is enclosed here:
The article is in Romanian language and it marks the beginning of Stop Smoking campaign within the University campuses in Romania, starting with the University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca. It encourages students and professors to stop smoking on the campus and anywhere. The essential purpose of an educational institution, of a university is to prepare professionals. USAMV Cluj-Napoca being a Life Sciences University has a more accentuated obligation not to only research Life Sciences but also to protect Human Life and its Human Condition. Healthy professionals are a better, sustainable investment.
Stopping smoking assures public health, reduces public expenditures and wasted natural resources. Therefore, smoking has a huge negative impact upon the Global Ecological and Economical problems given the inter-dependence of resources and of the negative outcomes of tobacco consumption. The article is also an invitation to observe 31-st of May as the „Make Every Day World No Tobacco Day” initiated recently by the World Health Organization (WHO). The article calls for initiating in Romania such campaign and the 31-st of May to be a day to celebrate the success.
To mention sadly, it is very difficult to lunch an initiative in Romania.
The article in essence, using Romanian language says: Recent, Organizaţia Mondială a Sănătăţii (WHO), a declarat 31 Mai a fi ziua Mondială împotriva fumatului. Numită „FĂ FIECARE ZI ZIUA MONDIALĂ FĂRĂ TUTUN,.” USAMV Cluj-Napoca poate pre-întâmpina ziua de 31 mai dând un exemplu în rândul universităţilor din România.
I invite readers (and members of this group) to take a stand and send to the University an email or even better a paper letter via regular / registered mail and express your point of view. It is a beginning of a major project and I need any possible support from allover the World and from Romania as well.
It is not a domestic concern; it is not a National concern. It has a Global Impact as the borders that divide us are just symbolic.
What informs the choice of indicator and to what extent does it affect the overall outcomes of a project?