Science topic

Epidemiology and Public Health - Science topic

Identifying patterns of health and disease among populations.
Questions related to Epidemiology and Public Health
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research to measure haealth status of human population participatory disease surveillance (a key portion of participatory epidemiology) which is based on participatory appraisal very effective method.
express your views on the topic concerned.
thanks
Dr. Muhammad Idrees Khan
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Dr. Idrees. If you have number of objects (for example, a number of people are living in district. Or number of people who visited a hospital). If you have a percent of this people who have registering infection then I can calculate confidential intervals of probability of a meeting of the infected object. For example, number of people in district are 25. The number of infected people is 1. The potential latent cases of infection can be 4. But it is a simple example. If you can send to me some data I try to calculate it.
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i m biotechnologist...
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im an epidmiologist in Indonesia
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The world is facing crisis of poor sanitation not having access to improved sanitation
What could be key issues to address poor access to improved sanitation?
What could be potential issues for research to fill the gap in sanitation?
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I support the comments of Samantha G that government fail to develop "Community-friently and sustainable" startegies and policy for improved sanitation particularly in scnario of Rapid Urbanization. I further add that in most developing countries policies are there but the main issue is "Implementation" of these policies and strategies.
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The impact of Vaccines on the Global Economy and their Ecological Aspects is a subject that I propose, in parallel with other topics to discuss here. We should look at it from their manufacture process, cost of research and development to their delivery, and outcomes / results.
It is a public health protection process but it has tow aspects attached to it
1) the Economic
2) the Ecologic
Are any other aspects that we can consider to evaluate the roll of the vaccines?
What about the possible negative impact upon public health as the time goes by, side effects of unknown nature ?
Adrian Toader-Williams
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hello everyone,
the mutations occur by their own. no organism WISH to mutate.
most of the mutant organism do not survive.
but the mutant survivors, however less have something positive, that makes them fitter in there environment. THAT'S WHY THEY SURVIVE.
thus every mutation we see has something which makes the organism better in one or more aspects.
error are intrinsic with the molecular events, they are not common to be seen in large organisms like us or even eukaryotes because they have good mechanism to rectify the errors and the statistical probability of the mutations manifested in large organism like ours is very very very less.
the ambient environment of microbes is simpler i.e. governed by just chemicals directly. this is not the case with large organisms with complex surroundings.
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I am going to conduct research on public private partnership approach in sanitation. If any body in this group has expertise inthis area, please kindly share with me
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Krishna,
I am not an expert in the public-private partnership approach to sanitation. However, I am interested in the development of water-sparing low cost ways of collecting human solid waste and urine and utilizing the material as a fertilizer resource.
I live in the United States where potable water is routinely used to flush human waste into septic systems or to centralized treatment plants. A separating toilet, some storage containers and a vermicomposting arrangement effectively eliminates the need for expensive sewage disposal systems.
In developing countries, private sector involvement in rural sanitation is concentrated in on-site methods such as pit latrines, septic tanks and cesspools. My "alternative" essentially waterless system retains human waste for on-site soil enrichment [1] and can be adapted to suite the needs of communities as well. In addition, this method utilizes food waste eliminating the need for frequent garbage collection. [2]
Is this the kind of information you're looking for?
Dave Brown
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effect of silica, iron,magnesium, calcium, boron inexcess or in deficient on human health if consumed for long period of time.
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join me to discuss on public health and cardiothoracic surgery.
.PROFESSOR DANIELS HAYFORD.
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For healthcare graduate students, please check out our conference scholarship opportunities. See the Call for Papers at www.ashburninstitute.org. We have extended the dealine for you.
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I wish to learn bit more on these fascinating topics from fellow members
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I'm a layman. My interest is nutritional controversies as they relate to the chronic inflammatory diseases and public health strategies aimed at reducing the incidence of obesity and chronic disease.
If I were to attend an institution that awards a degree in public health I would choose Colorado State University http://www.thepaleodiet.com/aboutus/profile.shtml
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Muhammad Riaz Ahmad
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this is wrire for hospital u use the cluster sampling
 In cluster sampling the units sampled are chosen in clusters
 The population is divided into clusters, and some of these are then chosen at random. Within each cluster units are then chosen by simple random sampling or some other method
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I am a public health consultant interested in research and development activities
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Dr.Thakor I will be happy to know about your program and if i can be associated somewhere.
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Hi everyone. I am a blood bank guy. I am interested in viral hepatitis.
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Dear Adil,
I would like to know what you want to know about Hepatitis?
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The rather deterministic terms "social determinants" confuses some people. It has come to be accepted as a useful label for failure of health strategies to improve chronic disease outcomes. Not only that. It points to the crucial role of poverty and lack of economic development as prime causes of chronic health problems. The issues that it raises have been treated cursorily by 'medicalised' health systems.
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Some say we have lot of evidence for the problems related to the social determinants of health, but that there’s not as much evidence around the solutions to these problems. What do you say to that?
I would say we do have evidence but it’s not the evidence of ‘we’ve got a new treatment for leukemia, so we did it in a trial against the old treatment of leukemia and we showed the new one didn’t work any better than the old one or it did work better.’ That’s how doctors who treat leukemia function, and it’s the right way to function. But I would say we have good evidence that tells us what’s likely to make a difference.
For example?
That spending on social protection mitigates the impact of unemployment on suicide. So government social protection policies suggests that unemployment will have a less disastrous impact on suicide levels. (Another) very pragmatic, very prosaic example: if you subsidize public transport for older people, they move around more, they remain more socially connected. We can’t show an impact of subsidies to public transport for older people and mortality but other studies have shown that social isolation kills older people, so putting that chain of reasoning together, subsidized public transport that allows older people to be more socially connected and social connections relate to mental health, physical health, and indeed survival in older people. And what we’ve shown is that there’s a social gradient in older people in degree of social connectedness.
How do you get people to remember that the social determinants are important in austerity Britain?
We have to keep up the conversation. We just produced a report, which was commissioned by four London borough by the Health Inequality Network in London about the impact of the recession and the policies on the health inequalities of Londoners. So we’ve done it, we hope it’ll influence policy of this health inequality network, of these local authorities in London, saying what the impact is on employment, on housing, and how that’s likely to impact on health inequalities. So we keep packaging the science to show the likely impact, and then work with local governments that are interested
Recruiting participants for an online study
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Some like it hot! Win an Amazon coupon in a temperature-study (10 min.) I’m searching for participants for my short and interesting online study. Thanks for your participation! http://ww3.unipark.de/uc/01/ Reward: Win an Amazon coupon Duration: max. 10 min. Best regards, Antje
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Taken. Thanks for the invitation. Good luck. Veeranki
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Hello there,
I would like to join this group as an area of common interest.
Thanks and Regards,
Dr Preetha Anil
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I agree with Dr Chowdhury and would offer the following additions to tobacco smoking as potential environmental/lifestyle risk factors for oral cancers.
1. excess alcohol consumption
2. malnutrition esp wrt micronutrient deficiencies like folate and vitamin B12
3. ingestion of food or water contaminated with environmental toxins like malathion
These would probably all interact with genetic polymorphisms in DNA repair genes or those involved with C1 metabolism to increase risk.
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it sounds good n new field to look upon...........
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bacterial proteins are very diverse and is an intense area of research.Outer membrane proteins in gram negative bacteria in nosocomial infections are among the aggressive virulence factors.
it gets more exciting to work with them while studying immune system.I couldnt work on this aspect of pathogenesis in Urinary Tract Infections coz of lack of funds and time restricted my study.Looking forward if can get a chance to look into this.
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A PhD student working on conjugate vaccines against typhoid
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Mr Salman, we have licensed a clinical grade slot of Vi-rEPA conjugate typhoid vaccine from NIH for bridging studies in mice and eventual commercialisaton. Pls, let me know if there are things we can do together
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I am currently designing a masters in this program and would like to receive help/ideas on courses to provide.
Also we are sponsoring an international healthcare management conference in St. Louis in conjunction with Washington University. International graduate students are eligible for transportation and housing scholarhips. See www.ashburninstitute.info for the call for papers.
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i suggest these courses:
comparative healthcare systems
reasearch methods
biostatistics
health economics
stategic management and planning
healthcare system in the country(which is taught)
healthcare evaluation
seminar
thesis
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Epidemiology ,Sociology and Health Inequality (PhD)
in Italy
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Hi Mr. harun inequality is one of my intrested subjects
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We are offering scholarships to grad students to participate in an international conference in St. Louis this April. Go to Ashburn Institute. org and see call for papers.
Also I am doing nonprofit work in Uganda and interested in helping a medical clinic there. We are training personnel to use the internet for research.
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Please send your cv to rbrtfrnt@aol.com.
Thanks
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Dear members.
You are invited to participate in a Global Research Project. Credits will be given to ALL PARTICIPANTS.
Subject: Economy / Ecology interaction , the Non- Monetary values.
Soon on the group will be debated issues of Global Interest that we encourage to participate, to contribute as well.
Proper credit will be given on the upcoming volume based on your participation, sugestions, ideas. Articles, as the time comes, will also be collected from the authors interested to publish or to be cited.
Ecology & Economics and Non-Monetary Values. The Roll of States and Governments
See you on the group! - See perhaps your contributions as well.
Thanks!
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Please give us more clarification. Are you leaning toward specific research projects or a periodical with accumulation of research, articles, and opinions to be published.
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I am the new and first professor in Occupational Medicine at the U of Brunei. Likew to meet colleagues in my field or Public Health
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Depending upon the project idea, I can probably join in a research. Please let me know details.
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hello my colleges
i would like to join your group and share with you your research activities
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ok
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I am trying to find information about dementia/alzheimer's research and treatment in Hungary and if possible, some doctors specialising in same. If anyone out there knows doctors in Hungary who specialise or have a major interest in the subject please let me know.
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How does the virus know that it does need to mutate or is it just random? Are there known internal factors within the living organism are the direct cause for mutations?
Why does a substitution in nucleotide base pairs take place?
Or perhaps non living mater that is near by as part of the life support medium of the living organism?
I’ve been asking myself for a long time and perhaps many others still are interested in the Virus mutation mechanisms, more like the factors that produce such event(s). Here, also as branching out the question, I propose to discuss about the biological transmutation of elements phenomenon.
Enzymes suffer transformations, modifications, mutate. Viruses do mutate.
There are mechanisms, the internal or some external clocks and / or some physical events with chemical reactions implications that take place I believe.
Are isotopic activities possible factors to trigger virus mutations? Is it the same for enzymes?
Perhaps we should look at it closer to be able to identify not only possible triggers but also to better understand the mechanisms that mutations take place in their complexity.
Or perhaps we have a combination of isotopic activity and other activities that interact?
If any isotopic activity is involved, what are the isotopes we may talk about or have under observation? What are the atoms we may look closer at?
What is known, proved or at least of hypothetical nature in this area of concern?
I hope I made myself understood as is not really my line of specialty.
Thanks to all members in advance and perhaps we can work something out, a research project may be borne out of this as team work? It is multidisciplinary complex subject that perhaps is worthwhile to try to unveil.
Adrian Toader-Williams
Recruiting participants for an online study
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5 answers
Some like it hot! Win an Amazon coupon in a temperature-study (10 min.) I’m searching for participants for my short and interesting online study. Thanks for your participation! http://ww3.unipark.de/uc/01/ Reward: Win an Amazon coupon Duration: max. 10 min. Best regards, Antje
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Dear Adrian, thank you very much for this comment! I sent you a message with a longer description of the survey. But for all who are interested here the short one: I always told the truth about my study, but I sent a short description of the study, so that nobody is overwhelmed by so much information. The purpose of this study is to develop a new questionnaire about temperature-related well-being. This is the first step (construction of the WellTempScale). I select from these many items those which are reliable. So the “WellTempScale”, which is main part of the survey, is the most important for me. But as usual in psychological studies, I need some control items, for example outdoor temperature, humidity, light etc. Though, for answering the WellTempScale participants have to be indoors (and yes, estimate outdoor temperature once). Kind regards, Antje
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The need to control and or prevent this health harzard is truely the only way to go !
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Public health also has an area called health education and health promotion that deals with information given to the individual or group and the community.informed facts of healthy leaving to promote good health and prevent sickness or diseases, allowing the individual to select a healthy living and longlife e.g facts on weightcontrol, smoking ceassation, good diet, rest and sleep,excercises(keepfit), an area of preventive health rather than curative health.
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Hi friends,
i am doing my dissertation on children with severe underweight in an urban area of India.like to have a brief inputs on gaps in managing this problem in India either by experience or from literature.essentially i am focusing on the Integrated child development services program of India.
Thank you
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In deed, a very important (however largely unaddressed) area of population research. I remember reading a report based on Kenya, where urban poor children actually had worse nutritional status and health outcomes compared to those in rural areas...
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Hello,
I will be happy if someone could comment on drinking alcohol while breastfeeding. Thanks
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well friend.. that is the old story tale.. it was thought that alcohol will stimulate the lactation. But scientifically it was proven, that two hormones (prolactin and oxtocin) which stimulates lactation will get imbalanced and produce a low quality milk. This is just practiced in olden days ..actually it is avoided now.. even a women takes..alcohol she must wait for a hour and half to let all the alcohol get out of her body. Even if the beer contains 0.5% alcohol, then only 2% out of it will be absorbed. This will get removed soon... by the urinary system..
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Dear members, please Join the interdisciplinary group: Ecology & Economics and Non-Monetary Values. The Role of States and Governments
TO JOIN go to THE LINK:
I am certain that your contribution to the group would be greatly appreciated.
Thanks!
Adrian TW
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hi, i have last 3 years data on dengue fever can any please guied me in writing an artical
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What kind of data? Prevalence or molecular stuff?
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intervertebral disk
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This is issues of ergonomics at work.
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I am Dr. Taha Ianm, new at Research gate BUT not at research the very basic and neccessary asset of human to get informed about life around.
I have aroung 1o years of experience in research araes, (5 in Epidemiological and 5 years in Clinical research areas), in multiple sectors of Pakistan.
I will be keen to knowing the updates of fellow researchers or personnels involved in this grounds of medical and health as well social sciences.
Regards to all, at Research gate!
Dr. Taha Inam
Manager, Clinical & Bioequivlence Study
Karachi, Pakistan
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I have been working on malaria and other vector-borne diseases (VBDs) in Pakistan and abroad. I have an intesive experience of working on water quality (ground & surface water sources) & impacts on human health. I have more than 20 publications on malaria and other VBDs.
I am also FOCAL PERSOn for development of National Guidelines for VBDs control, strategic documents (PC-I, Strategic Planning) for country. All documents are available at ResaerchGate in my profile.
It would be my great pleasure if I can help you in any filed.
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I have 40 years of research experience in this terrain starting with the classic 1971 NHIS survey which pioneered the Gallaudet Hearing Ability Scale, the only valid measure of the inability to hear and understand speech. Use of subjective self-report questions in 18 federal databases always lead to mis-estimating the number of deaf and hard of hearing persons. Among all published estimates 95% are inaccurate, due to many reasons such as shoddy literature reviews and pretense of expertise.
These mis-estimates mislead program managers, policy makers, and consumer advocates needing accurate information on target groups to best plan, budget, and staff services during a time of harsh economic demands.
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Yes, John, I do agree with you and we must on it more and more.
May it involve the companies who are doing the clincial research on Medical Devices (Life Sciences companeis on Medical Devices). Should you recommned these companeis at their FDA approved studies, to work on this area of Deaf, and Deaf-Blind people? We should work together to haev the technology built for this population!
Just suggest.
Reagrds to Sameera and Luis too to giev their valuable input at yoru preciosu work.
Dr. Taha Inam
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to determine the incidence of mental health in the country(fiji)
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Fukushima can happen anywhere. In India there are 7 nuclear facilities and 20 commercial reactors. Independent studies are not available. I am proposing that we form a group around this theme.
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I think Padmanabham rightly said that "it can happened anywhere" where there are such facilities are present. In Pakistan which is also a nuclear power but no studies are available. Therefore the proposal for development a Group aroud this theme is tame-taking step which must be ecouraged.
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team work at the international level.
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DEAR MR BARCLAY
WHEN I WAS A MEDICAL STUDENT 1976, I WOULD NEVER DREAM ABOUT THE STEAM CELLS APPLICATIONS IN THE TREATMENT AND RECOVERY OF SPINAL CORD INJURY PATIENTS, THAT THEY WERE PARALIZES AND WITH THE IMPLANTATIONS OF STEM CELLS AT THE INJURY SITE SO CALL JACQUES ZONE, THOSE PATIENTS WERE ABLE TO MOVE AND SOME TO WALK.
ANSWERING YOUR QUESTION YOU AND ME CAN DREAM AMD OWERS GRANDSONS AND GRANDOUTHERS WILL TESTIFY PERHAPS BRAIN TRANSPLANTS,
BEST REGARDS, AND PLEASE KEEP ON DREAMING AND SMILING;\
EMILIO JACQUES JR,MD FICS
International Online Medical Council (IOMC) Conference
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IOMC conference is one of the most innovative conferences which has been increasingly welcomed by medical & healthcare experts, researchers, professionals, students, and professors from around the world. http://www.researchgate.net/event/International_Online_Medical_Council_IOMC_Conference/
Journal of Pakistan Medical Students
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1 answer
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Is it only for "Medical Students"
International Online Medical Council (IOMC) Conference
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IOMC conference is one of the most innovative conferences which has been increasingly welcomed by medical & healthcare experts, researchers, professionals, students, and professors from around the world. http://www.researchgate.net/event/International_Online_Medical_Council_IOMC_Conference/
International Online Medical Council (IOMC) Conference
Question
IOMC conference is one of the most innovative conferences which has been increasingly welcomed by medical & healthcare experts, researchers, professionals, students, and professors from around the world. http://www.researchgate.net/event/International_Online_Medical_Council_IOMC_Conference/
International Online Medical Council (IOMC) Conference
Question
IOMC conference is one of the most innovative conferences which has been increasingly welcomed by medical & healthcare experts, researchers, professionals, students, and professors from around the world. http://www.researchgate.net/event/International_Online_Medical_Council_IOMC_Conference/
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I am looking for the Post Doctoral fellowship in Medical Anthropology. Hi, fellow resaercher could you help out. Presently I am working on the Epilepsy and dementia. In case of epilepsy running a small project-investigating the impact of Treatment in Rural setting and their day to day to life in the North Indian distrcits.
FREE “Nature Methods” MAGAZINE Subscription
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World Yellow Pages- Higher Studies
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This is a useful directory, thanks for the info.
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USAMV Cluj-Napoca is the first in Romania to promote the NON-SMOKING CAMPUS.
I ask you to help me to PROMOTE A NON-SMOKING POLICY ON YOUR UNIVERSITY CAMPUS. You are a student, professor, in the senate, please lets VOTE FOR NON SMOKING ON CAMPUS. PROHIBIT SMOKING on campus.
No special places for smoking. No special treatment for smokers.
We can’t construct professionals without educating citizens. Life needs to be protected. Public health needs protection.
We should promote Life and Health. Besides the Human Condition positive results, we reduce resources consumption resulting to a positive Global Economy, to a Sustainable Development and furthermore to overall Ecological Protection.
Please see the article attached available in Files folder of this group.
FILE NAME: USAMV Newsletter 21 tipar Cluj Napoca - Romania - Feb 2011 - cut version- Stop Smoking by ATW see pg15
ARTICLE TITLE:
STOP FUMATULUI LA USAMV CLUJ-NAPOCA, în UNIVERSITĂŢILE din ROMÂNIA şi ORIUNDE în LUME
Pentru o Românie şi o dezvoltare durabilă
EN ) Stop Smoking within USAMV Cluj-Napoca and All Romanian University campuses and Anywhere in the World – for a Sustainable Romania and Development
We can not build one way and destruct the other ways. Education must be sustainable only this way we can hope for sustainable developments, for economic stability and environmental protection.
The article is in Romanian language and is attached to the file folder (please see page 15 of the publication).
The English abstract is enclosed here:
ABSTRACT:
The article is in Romanian language and it marks the beginning of Stop Smoking campaign within the University campuses in Romania, starting with the University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca. It encourages students and professors to stop smoking on the campus and anywhere. The essential purpose of an educational institution, of a university is to prepare professionals. USAMV Cluj-Napoca being a Life Sciences University has a more accentuated obligation not to only research Life Sciences but also to protect Human Life and its Human Condition. Healthy professionals are a better, sustainable investment.
Stopping smoking assures public health, reduces public expenditures and wasted natural resources. Therefore, smoking has a huge negative impact upon the Global Ecological and Economical problems given the inter-dependence of resources and of the negative outcomes of tobacco consumption. The article is also an invitation to observe 31-st of May as the „Make Every Day World No Tobacco Day” initiated recently by the World Health Organization (WHO). The article calls for initiating in Romania such campaign and the 31-st of May to be a day to celebrate the success.
To mention sadly, it is very difficult to lunch an initiative in Romania.
The article in essence, using Romanian language says: Recent, Organizaţia Mondială a Sănătăţii (WHO), a declarat 31 Mai a fi ziua Mondială împotriva fumatului. Numită „FĂ FIECARE ZI ZIUA MONDIALĂ FĂRĂ TUTUN,.” USAMV Cluj-Napoca poate pre-întâmpina ziua de 31 mai dând un exemplu în rândul universităţilor din România.
I invite readers (and members of this group) to take a stand and send to the University an email or even better a paper letter via regular / registered mail and express your point of view. It is a beginning of a major project and I need any possible support from allover the World and from Romania as well.
It is not a domestic concern; it is not a National concern. It has a Global Impact as the borders that divide us are just symbolic.
Thank you,
Adrian Toader-Williams
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Whats your university email address? Please make a reference to the person, rather than an university. Just an advertisement/marketing like this does not work. Not to discourage you, but please send formal emails whom you think can contribute to this. There are many global leaders and researchers who have contributed a lot in the field of tobacco and no smoking campuses.
mens health
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i'm happy to join this group. http://bit.ly/e6wwc4
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have any one the protocole of attenuated schizont and DNA vaccine production? if any one have then plz share with me. as I have dire need of it plz.
dr. Khan
Journal of Pakistan Medical Students
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IS THE “PRESENT DEFINITION, DIAGNOSIS & TREATMENT OF FEVER”
REFLECTS ONLY A PART OF FEVER?
Contemporary fever definition refers to just an elevation in body temperature. So the diagnosis of fever is limited to measuring temperature with thermometers and treating of fever completes with heat reduction methods. Based on this approach, can it give a satisfactory explanation to the following questions about fever?
• As we are aware, there will be more heat on the body during fever. But when we cover our body with a non-conductor of heat, like blankets during fever, we feel comfortable. (By exposed to sun light for some time, it can increase the body temperature. If we cover our body with a blanket, we will feel discomfort.) Why?
• During fever the body heat increases, but our body is involved in many heat increasing activities like, increased heart beat, shivering, etc. Why?
• Why the symptoms like fatigueness of mind and body, lack of appetite, lack of taste for food, decrease in motion, dislike of cold items, etc. are common in almost all fever patients?
As the current fever definition, diagnosis and treatment covers only a part of fever-“temperature”, none of the above questions can be answered. So we should have to rethink/analyse the fever definition, diagnosis and treatment.
• Fever is not just a mere increase in temperature. In some fever there is no increment in temperature at all (e.g.: Inner fever). There may not be any increment in temperature in the beginning and ending days of fever. The Increment in temperature is just a part of the fever.
• Fever consists of increased temperature, fatigue to mind and body, shivering of muscles, reduced appetite, reluctance to cold items, liking of warmth by covering the body, reduced motion, indigestion, etc.
• When we correlate and compare the definition, diagnosis and treatment of fever, with the *rudimentary knowledge, we can find that there is no scientific base. It necessitates comprehensive approach to the fever. After observation and practice for a long time, we have developed a fever definition, diagnosis and treatments, which can explain all queries related with fever. It correlates the messages from our body, matching with scientific approach and our traditional/conservative knowledge.
So we can arrive at a new definition for fever. “When the body or its parts are affected with some fatigue, it undergoes a self defence mechanism that allows it to take rest and prevent the heat from further deterioration”.
(To prevent loss of heat from the body, heat is kept in different planes. It can be understood in a simple manner as the inner heat and the outer heat. The internal heat of the body or a part of it may decrease due to physiological, mental and circumstantial reasons. For maintaining proper health, a certain level of heat is mandatory. If the heat decreases than a certain level, it is fatal for the organ or the body and there is a threat for even life. So when we lose heat, body will watch it till a limit and then will initiate its life saving act. To avoid further loss from the existing heat of the body, rest is necessary. Body achieves rest, by making many difficulties for the normal functioning).
* “Our understanding of the neural basis of thermoregulation and fever is still rudimentary. The role of fever in the defence reaction is not clear. paracetamol may cause fever” (Page 159,160, 170)
Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapeutics. R.S. Satoskar, - Revised xix Edition.
.
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@Yacob: I do not understand what you mean in your synopsis by re-defining ‘fever’. But you must understand that fever is just a symptom/sign complex (synonyms include running temperature, pyrexia or hyper-pyrexia), and not a syndrome.
Different illnesses or disease conditions manifest with fever as a symptom/sign alongside numerous other symptoms. As you mentioned; increasing heart beats, shivering, cold chills & rigor) etc. Even with what is termed ‘pyrexia of unknown origin’ it is because the cause is not known yet, and does not mean that the fever is the disease. Soon with appropriate investigations and evaluations the aetiology can be deciphered and patient treated accordingly.
You asked why there are other associated symptoms (if am right): Yes the molecular basis of diseases or pathology do explain these situations i.e. tumour necrosis factor, interleukins etc.
In summary, fever (high body temperature as defined) is not a disease condition but a symptom/sign complex. It does not need to be re-defined rather well understood.
I hope the above puts some light across.
Hi
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Alan ur always welcome
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I intend to work on the proposed project title "Epidemiological investigation of Newcastle Disease and Avian Influenza Disease in rural poultry".
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I'm doing epidemiological research on air pollutants and health. We used a cross-sectional model. Our goal is to describe the prevalence of severe respiratory disease in 4 groups:
1. 2 groups of children 6 to 14 years, quines live in neighborhoods near the ports of coal
2. A group of children 6 to 14 who lives near the road where coal is transported
3. A group ofchildren 6 to 14 who lives in neighborhood not exposed to anything like that
At the same time we had to measure air quality in those places.
And finally we want to use information obout medical diagnoses of chronic respiratory diseases in elderly people living in the same neighborhoods where are groups of children.
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what kind of help do you in conducting your research:
do you need some links for literature review, methodology....
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.
This link may help you:
(webbib0607+OR+webbib0708+OR+webbib0809+OR+webbib0910)
+and+(disease+OR+diseases)&hl=en&rlz=1T4DAUS_enUS314US314&filter=0>
A shorter URL for the above link:
Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
Net-Gold
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Twitter: davidpdillard
Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
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Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
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Question
How does injuries become an environmental menace?
Rural Medicine Research
Question
2 answers
Hi! I'm a new member in this group. I'd like to get collaboration with whom interested and doing rural medicine research.
Relevant answer
Answer
Hi, Yes please do contact me regarding rural medicine research. I am doing a lot of this in rural India. Dr.R.Rajkumar
Question
1 answer
Any standardized testing procedures for estimating injuries from joint damage. Looking for recognized sources or methods to help estimate functional losses.
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Answer
Check out medal.org. You may find something on it. It contains standard instruments and questionnaires for various surveys with the references for each of them
Question
2 answers
I need help keeping the misuse of epidemiology from distorting factors in legal claims. An expert will site an epidemiological association to suggest a tight association for a single person. Can I use the S.E.M. of the dependent variable to show the low predictive power when applied to an individual?
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Answer
It depends on how that expert states the epidemiological association. Most often, I think, it will be expressed as a relative risk. If that is the case with your situation, then an SEM is inappropriate because "SEM" stands for "standard error of the mean". The logarithm of a relative risk has a standard error: see the Wikipedia article, for example (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Relative_risk).
More generally, take a look at the underlying mathematical model that the expert is employing, and see whether it can be used to generate a probability when applied to an individual. A biostatistician should be able to help if you are unsure what the underlying model is.
Best of luck,
Loren Cobb
Question
9 answers
Hello everyone...
Good to see like minded people on the board discussing public health. I belong to a developing country where public health training is in a nascent stage. So, I keep looking for online courses where I can upgrade my skills. I came across one such course by John Hopkins, which I would like to share with the group. The link is http://globaltobaccocontrol.org/. You can register for the course free of cost and the content is quite good. It would be particularly useful to the guys dealing with dental public health. If anyone knows other good online courses, kindly let me know....
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In addition to courses, it may also be of value to have access to sources online about public health and in that direction, I have these research guides that I have compiled on the web:
TEMPLE UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES SUBJECT GUIDES:
DISABILITIES
TEMPLE UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES SUBJECT GUIDES:
Kinesiology
Sources Appropriate for Research and Learning in Kinesiology,
Biomechanics, Exercise Physiology, Physical Fitness and Related Areas
.
TEMPLE UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES SUBJECT GUIDES:
MEDICAL SUBJECT GUIDES: Public Health
This Guide Provides Sources in the Subject Areas of
Public Health and Health Administration
.
TEMPLE UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES SUBJECT GUIDES:
MEDICAL SUBJECT GUIDES: Public Health
HEALTH CARE REFORM
.
TEMPLE UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES SUBJECT GUIDES:
MEDICAL SUBJECT GUIDES:
INFLUENZA SUBJECT GUIDE
I also have these links to resource content shared on the discussion group Net-Gold:
HEALTH
HEALTH ADDICTIONS
HEALTH ADMINISTRATION
HEALTH ALLIED HEALTH
HEALTH ALTERNATIVE
HEALTH ASSESSMENT
HEALTH BEAUTY GROOMING AND COSMETOLOGY
HEALTH CARE
HEALTH CARE COSTS
HEALTH CARE LONG TERM
NURSING HOMES
HEALTH CARE REFORM
HEALTH CARE STATISTICS
HEALTH EDUCATION
HEALTH INSURANCE
HEALTH LAW
HEALTH MENTAL HEALTH
PATIENT EDUCATION
HEALTH PHYSIOLOGY
HEALTH PUBLIC HEALTH
HEALTH PUBLICATIONS
HEALTH REPRODUCTIVE
HEALTH SAFETY
HEALTH STATISTICS
HEALTH TOXICOLOGY TOXIC HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES MATERIAL
WELLNESS
HEALTH WOMEN
MEDICAL
MEDICAL ALLIED HEALTH
MEDICAL ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE
MEDICAL ANATOMY
MEDICAL ANESTHESIOLOGY
MEDICAL CARE AND CAREGIVERS
MEDICAL CERTIFICATION AND LICENSING
MEDICAL CHEMICAL EXPOSURE
MEDICAL CHEST LUNGS HEART THORACIC
MEDICAL CHILD BIRTH
MEDICAL CHIROPRACTIC
MEDICAL COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE
MEDICAL COMPUTER APPLICATIONS
MEDICAL CONDITIONS
MEDICAL COSTS
MEDICAL DEATH AND DYING
MEDICAL DENTISTRY
MEDICAL DERMATOLOGY
MEDICAL DEVICES
MEDICAL DIAGNOSIS
MEDICAL DIGESTIVE SYSTEM STOMACH INTESTINES
MEDICAL DISEASES
MEDICAL DOCUMENTS
MEDICAL EARS AND HEARING
MEDICAL EDUCATION
MEDICAL EMERGENCY
MEDICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY
MEDICAL ENDOSCOPY
MEDICAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
MEDICAL EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES
MEDICAL ETHICS
MEDICAL EVIDENCE BASED MEDICINE
MEDICAL EXAMINATION MEASUREMENT AND ASSESSMENT
MEDICAL EYES AND VISION
MEDICAL FAMILY
MEDICAL FORENSIC
MEDICAL GASTROENTEROLOGY
MEDICAL GASTROINTESTINAL
MEDICAL GENETICS
MEDICAL HEADACHES
MEDICAL HEALTH CARE WORKERS
MEDICAL HEART AND CARDIOVASCULAR
MEDICAL HEPATOLOGY
MEDICAL HISTORY
MEDICAL HOSPITAL
MEDICAL HOSPITAL CARE
MEDICAL HOSPITAL EVALUATIONS AND REVIEWS
MEDICAL IMAGES
MEDICAL IMAGING
MEDICAL INJURIES
MEDICAL INSURANCE
MEDICAL INSURANCE MEDICAID
MEDICAL INSURANCE MEDICARE
MEDICAL KIDNEYS AND NEPHROLOGY
MEDICAL LAW
MEDICAL LONG TERM CARE
MEDICAL LUNG
MEDICAL MALPRACTICE
MEDICAL MARKETING
MEDICAL NEONATAL
MEDICAL NEUROLOGY AND NEUROSCIENCE
MEDICAL NEWS
MEDICAL NURSES
MEDICAL NURSING
MEDICAL OPTOMETRY AND THE EYES
MEDICAL ORGAN DONATION
MEDICAL ORGANIZATIONS
MEDICAL ORTHOPAEDICS
MEDICAL ORTHOPEDIC
MEDICAL OSTEOPATHIC
MEDICAL PAIN
MEDICAL PARASITES
MEDICAL PATHOLOGY
MEDICAL PATIENTS
PATIENT EDUCATION
MEDICAL PEDIATRIC AND CHILDREN
MEDICAL PERIODICALS
PHARMACY PHARMACEUTICAL
PHYSICIANS
MEDICAL PODIATRY
MEDICAL POISON
MEDICAL PRACTICE
MEDICAL PREGNANCY
MEDICAL PUBLICATIONS
MEDICAL QUACKERY
MEDICAL RADIOLOGY
MEDICAL RECORDS
MEDICAL REFERENCE
MEDICAL REGIMENS
MEDICAL REHABILITATION
MEDICAL REPRODUCTIVE
MEDICAL RESEARCH
MEDICAL RESOURCES
MEDICAL RHEUMATOLOGY
MEDICAL SAFETY
MEDICAL SPINE
MEDICAL STANDARDS
MEDICAL STATISTICS
MEDICAL SUPPORT GROUPS
MEDICAL SURGERY
MEDICAL SYMPTOMS
MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY
MEDICAL TERMINAL ILLNESS
MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY
MEDICAL TESTS
MEDICAL TOXICOLOGY
MEDICAL TRAUMA
MEDICAL TRAUMA BRAIN
MEDICAL TREATMENT
MEDICAL VACCINATION
MEDICAL IMMUNIZATION
MEDICAL VETERINARY
MEDICAL VISION OPHTHALMOLOGY EYESIGHT
MEDICAL WRITING
MEDICINE HEART
MEDICINE HISTORY
Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
Net-Gold
General Internet & Print Resources
COUNTRIES
EMPLOYMENT
TOURISM
DISABILITIES
INDOOR GARDENING
Educator-Gold
K12ADMINLIFE
RUSSELL CONWELL CENTER SUBJECT GUIDE
THE COLLEGE LEARNING CENTER
Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold
Net-Gold Membership Required to View Photos
Twitter: davidpdillard
Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
Tooth decay, worlds most common disease
Question
Prevention of tooth decay is easy. Like fissure sealants, block food from being trapped inside pits and fissures on chewing surfaces where 80% of cavities occur to prevent acid demineralisation. Chew fibre like celery after eating to help saliva dilute carbohydrate like sugar, neutralise acid a d remineralise demineralised tooth
Question
1 answer
i m working on early detection of oral cancer caused by HPV
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Answer
HI, I am a postgraduate student in community medicine from Gujarat. How frequent is the association between oral cancer and HPV ?
Question
How safe is the life of a fever patient
in the hands of a physician
When fever is there, more heat is there on the body, Is n ’t it?
As there is more heat on the body during fever, if we cover our body with non-conductor of heat like blankets, it will cause discomfort. Is n’ t it?
As we are aware, there will be more heat on the body during fever. But when we cover our body with non-conductor of heat like blankets, during fever, we feel very comfort. Why we are not feeling discomfort?
During summer, as the outside heat increases, body feels discomfort. If we cover our body with a blanket during summer, we will feel discomfort. But when we do same during fever, we are comfortable. Why?
When the heat increase, during fever, our body is involved in heat increasing activities like, increased heart beat, shivering, etc
Why don‘t we feel like eating ice- cream when we have fever?
Why the symptoms of almost all fever patients are in common?
To find out answer for these questions, we have to understand why fever is coming to our body and what is happening during we cover our body with a blanket. If we can find out the answers to the above questions, we can very well understand the, ‘physics of fever
The physicians do not know much about the termo regulation of fever.They are still in rudimentary knowledge only.So there is no scientific base for their argument that the heat during fever has to driven out and their heat reduction methods.
“Our understanding of the neural basis of thermoregulation and fever is still rudimentary. The role of fever in the defence reaction is not clear. paracetamol may cause fever”
Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapeutics.R.S.Satoskar, S.D.Bhandarkar,Nirmala,N.Rege-Revised xixEdition.Page159, 160,163,170
In this session, we will discuss about the basic understanding of physicians related with fever. Here we take the Hypothalamus misunderstanding theory, theory which asks to remove the heat generated in fever and the Germs theory. This paper was presented/selected in Indian Science Congress2008-The Physics of fever –the real science of fever, Indian Science Congress 2009 Dehydration for fever –a new remedy based on true science, Indian Science Congress 2010-1. A rethinking about sponging as a treatment for fever,2.Blanketing -a new method to support fever treatment, World Ayurveda congress2006....., .if you are interested please contact
K. M. Yacob (Chief Physician).
Marma Health Centre,kalyani Towers
Deshabhimani, P.O.Kaloor,Ernakulam (Dt),
Kerala.Pincode-682017
Phone: 0484-2345818,.Mob: 9847094788
Question
1 answer
Hi am doing research on Mental health Status of female sex workers and the role of social determinants in Mumbai, India, am looking for suitable opportunity in the field of public health if anyone can guide me it will be of great help.
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really its a great task, may greatly helpfull for the rehabilitation of those who do it for income due to poverty.
target the population, calculate sample size, develop a questionnare about their mental level and mental staisfaction, then conduct a survey among the study population, in last tabulate your data statistically and interpritt the results and conclusion.
you can also conduct an other research work as a cross sectional discriptive stdy to ennumerate various deterninants for sexxuallyu transmitted diseases among these people,
very nice my dear, I really aooreciate your researh idea.
Muhammad Idrees Khan
Question
Hi, Does anyone have a access to link of any epidemiological research paper critique?
Question
6 answers
Hi. Good day to every one. I am working on a tribal group in India.
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so what?
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2 answers
HAPPY NEW YEAR TO EVERY ONE.
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Happy new year to all the budding scientists. Have a blast & make a discovery.........
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3 answers
HAPPY NEW YEAR TO EVERY ONE.
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Happy New Year to all the colligues
Dr.Mushtaque Memon
Question
1 answer
I am an epidemiologist with a small consulting firm in North Carolina. I am looking for public health researchers interested in collaboration. You can visit our web site at www.hermesllc.com
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I am keen in the Epidemiology of zoonoses,EBM of interventions and diganostic test accuracies in zoonoses.
Question
3 answers
I am Masters in public Health from Pakistan, I am currently working on Maternal, Neonatal and Child Health in the province of Sindh, Pakistan I want to share the Public Health Issues around the world related to reproductive Health. Any Association regarding Public Health in the world I wish to be the member of that.
Dr. Mushtaque Memon
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Salam all ,
Presently i'm pursueing my master in occupational health. my thesis project on health status of foreign workers at the primary care level. any members in this group would like to contribute to this program are most welcome.
Thank you,
wan azman
Question
Dear Vldamir
my research area is consisting upon 27 Ucs while my total populations of the sampling frams are cvas under.
Human = 0.5M people approx. Cattle = 101006
Buffalo = 83395 Sheep = 10200 Goat = 70053
so plz calculate at least sampliong units but plz tell me hoe can i estimate sample size. mail me the statisticak formula plz.
best wishes.
Dr. Muhammad Idrees Khan
or mail me at my personal mail ID drkhan84@gmail.com
Question
I have been looking at the possibility for a global database for scientists, doctors and veterinarians to
work against as journal with information of diseases and treatment but not data of the individual patient as that should be cept by the clinic and patient on a USB memory card. This would be able to give a screan vy of up to date epidemic diseases and there spreding around the globe.
Question
1 answer
Hi,
My focus would be among EBM for emerging and re-emerging diseases,Diagnostic test accuracies,Health Policies etc.I look forward to interact with similar research focussed scientists.
Regards,
asokan
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I think EBM is only truly possible if information becomes available to all at no cost or a reduced cost, the developing countries will always lag behind
Question
11 answers
Opportunities in Epidemiology.
Hi All,
My name is William Guy. I am a specialist recruiter in Epidemiology and Public Health.
I am currently working on a number of varied roles in different locations. I would be great to speak to as many of you as possible- if you are actively looking or simply seeing whats out there in the market. I am currently working on the following positions.
- Senior Epidemiologist- Switzerland.
- Senior Epidemiologist- Paris
- Epidemiological manager - Lyon
- Epidemiologist- London.
Please get in contact today either on william.guy@secpharma.com or by 0044 207 255 6665.
Best Regards
Will
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Dear Will,
Thanks for the information. I am a parasitologist/entomologist. If you have any openings in that area please do post it for us. I'm currently in University of Bristol on a 6months Commonwealth Fellowship. Dr Onyinye Ukpai
Question
as today emmerging zoonotic diseases getting popularity as pandemics, as bird flu. angue fever, and swine flu. surveillance and tracing back of these health ailments is the need of the day for health improvement projects. So any one have intesions to conduct a research work on these diseases at various aspects.
Dr. Muhammad Idrees Khan.
Question
5 answers
another question arises specially for microbiologest that rabbies is communicable zoonotic disease of all homeothermic animals, but why rabbies virus does not affect poikelothermic animals, while second concerning question is upto date have any observed a rabide bird or not?
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Answer
Poiklothermic animals alter the temperature depending on the environment- at that temp rabies virus cannot survive. Similarly birds normal temp is 104 and rabies virus cannot survive and multiply in the bird to produce disease
Question
3 answers
Dear friends
Hi
I have a question about RCT(Randomized control trial)studies:what do we do in this study if we have pepole or patient lost to follow up?
Thanks.
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Answer
for preventing the problem, taking addresses and phones of relatives of participants is useful.
but for "treating" the problem, u should do "attrition analysis", i. e. comparing characteristics of the attrited (= lost-to-follow) vs followed participants to show that there is not any significant difference between the two ... hopefully ;)
Question
1 answer
Dear Colleagues,
I write to you in my role as Editor-in-Chief of “Archives of Clinical Microbiology”. Archives of Clinical Microbiology is a new peer-reviewed online hybrid journal with rapid publication of articles in all fields and areas of microbiology and infectious diseases, edited by iMedPub.
I would like to invite you and/or your colleagues to submit an Original Research Article, Review, Short Report, Commentary or Case Report to be considered by peer-review for publication.
The published version of your article will be immediately placed in freely accessible full-text repositories. This complies with the NIH Public Access Policy and the Wellcome Trust Open Access Policy.
There are a number of benefits of submitting your research to the journal:
Rapid peer review and publication
The journal offers fast, thorough peer review and rapid publication, aiming to return a first decision within four weeks. We also publish all articles immediately upon acceptance, a service offered by few other publishers. On the day of acceptance articles will receive their final citation details, and the article details will be sent to PubMed. The accepted version of the manuscript will be replaced with a fully formatted PDF and XML version shortly thereafter.
Open access
Authors have the option to make their articles freely accessible to anyone worldwide by paying the Article Processing Charges. Otherwise articles remain accessible through subscription only (free for authors).
Articles published in the journal open access format are immediately available online, for all to read, use and distribute without charge. Open access raises the visibility of your research, and a number of independent studies have found that research articles published in open access journals are twice as likely to be cited as those published in traditional, subscription journals. All articles are indexed in PubMed Central shortly after publication, complying with the open access policies of many funders including the NIH, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and Wellcome Trust.
For the following three issues we are offering a free of charge article per issue that would be published in the open access section. The selection of article will be done (after peer review) by highly qualified committee that will look on the completeness and the innovation of the accepted articles.
High visibility among researchers in the field
Publishing in Archives of Clinical Microbiology ensures high visibility for your work.
If you choose to publish your work as an open access content, an article-processing charge will be required after peer review (payable on acceptance). iMedPub offers various discounts on the article-processing charge, and if the submitting author's organization is an iMedPub Journals Member, the cost of the article processing charge is covered in full or in part by the membership.
Archives of Clinical Microbiology is now accepting submissions. Submit your manuscript via our online submission system. For more information about the journal, contact info@imedpub.com. We do hope you are interested in submitting to Archives of Clinical Microbiology. We look forward to receiving your next manuscript.
Best regards,
Ahmed S Attia, Ph.D.
Department of Microbiology and Immunology
Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University.
Editor-in-Chief
Archives of Clinical Microbiology
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Call for papers (Free Journal Publication | Free Article Publication | Free Paper Publication)
Dear Researcher/ Academicians
Kindly visit at www.isroset.org and publish your original research word with free of cost.
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Question
6 answers
I have been undertaken a research work the genetic aspect of HIV and AIDS and i stumbled on a way we could eradicate the disease from the world. If you are interested, you could send me a text on +2348024017124 or send me an email on PRECIOUSIYI@yahoo.com
I am in desperate need of a partner.
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Answer
Dear Colleague,
As far to begin with Research on HIV I guess you have chosen a difficult area.First becoz the virus is highly mutating and has variety of antigenic factors involved which keep on changing.There has been lot of data collected from previous studies and we have been unsuccessful in creating a vaccine.If I am not wrong a few years ago I came across an article where it was suggested that the virus will adapt itself to human Immune system in few decades so the disease will be self limiting but i am not very sure how?
As far as genetics involving HIV is concerned its a complicated area to work with, and lot of effort may be involved in it beginning from the epidemiology of the disease till the clinical trials in vivo.
Still I appreciate your courage to begin your plans to work on this.
Regards
Mehvish
Question
4 answers
i have done a short scientific study in dipping tobacco users is there anybody who can help me publish that in a journal.thanku
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Answer
Am sorry for the late reply.the moist snuff in western countries has an equivalent product in india which is not moist and is termed to be dipping tobacco.users dip these snuff in the vestibule of their mouth...
Question
2 answers
It is my pleasure to have colleagues to discuss
Epidemiology and Public Health.
Dr. Iyad Omer
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Me too
Question
4 answers
I am interested in epidemiological study of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Nigeria, particularly in North-central zone, parts of which the disease has been found to be endemic. Colleagues should kindly send to me characterization techniques usable in Nigeria with a low level of technological advancement.
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what is verification bias ?
Question
1 answer
Does anyone know of any studies done on body disassociation in obese patients? Thank you
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please subscribe journal of obsesity from Nature.you will find lot of info.
Question
5 answers
Can anybody tell me how to calculate wealth index with a software like SPSS?
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is this the study u want to do only on the basis of statistics..please go trhough the recent articals from International Journal of Infectious diseases from Elsvier.They have lot of papers based on your quary.
Regards
Mehvish
Question
8 answers
is there any benefit for the mass treatment
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Potential Benefits of Treatment of H.pylori
PEPTIC ULCER DISEASE
In a meta-analysis of 34 studies of patients with duodenal ulcers, H. pylori eradication plus antisecretory therapy was superior to an antisecretory drug alone for healing of the ulcer (number needed to treat [NNT] = 14). One-time H. pylori eradication was just as effective as long-term antisecretory therapy in preventing duodenal ulcer recurrence and was much more effective than no treatment.
In a meta-analysis of 13 studies of patients with gastric ulcers, there was no statistically significant difference between H. pylori eradication therapy plus antisecretory drugs and antisecretory drugs alone for healing. However, gastric ulcer recurrence was significantly less likely following H. pylori eradication when compared with no treatment in nine of the studies (NNT = 4). Four trials reported on symptom resolution at four to six weeks, but the diversity of the study designs made it difficult to draw any conclusions about the superiority of eradication therapy versus antisecretory therapy alone.
Eradication therapy has been reviewed and compared with antisecretory therapy specifically for the prevention of recurrent bleeding from peptic ulcer. In patients taking long-term antisecretory drugs after the initial treatment of an ulcer, rebleeding was less common in those who also received H. pylori eradication therapy (1.6 percent versus 5.6 percent, NNT = 25). Thus, H. pylori eradication therapy is recommended to prevent rebleeding in patients with peptic ulcer.
In summary, H. pylori eradication significantly reduces the risk of ulcer recurrence and rebleeding and is less expensive than chronic antisecretory therapy. Continuing antisecretory maintenance therapy for more than two weeks following antibiotic treatment is unnecessary after H. pylori eradication unless patients have concomitant GERD.  2005 evidence-based guideline from the University of Michigan provides a useful algorithm and is consistent with these recommendations (http://cme.med.umich.edu/pdf/guideline/PUD05.pdf).
NONULCER DYSPEPSIA
At best, H. pylori eradication provides a small and highly variable symptomatic benefit in patients with nonulcer dyspepsia. Although a meta-analysis of 10 studies failed to demonstrate an improvement in symptoms with eradication therapy, an updated systematic review of 17 trials revealed a small but statistically significant benefit (NNT = 18). The American College of Gastroenterology suggests an empiric trial of acid suppression with a proton pump inhibitor for four to eight weeks as an option for initial treatment of dyspepsia in areas with a low prevalence of H. pylori infection.
GERD
Testing and treating for H. pylori in patients with GERD has not been shown to improve symptoms. In guidelines published in November 2005, the American College of Gastroenterology does not mention testing or treating for H. pylori in the diagnosis and treatment of GERD.
GASTRIC CANCER PREVENTION
H. pylori has been identified as a group 1 carcinogen by the World Health Organization and is associated with the development of gastric cancer. The risk of developing gastric cancer is increased by three to six times in infected persons. A meta-analysis of 51 studies revealed a decrease in mucosal inflammation and possible improvement in gastric mucosal atrophy when H. pylori is eradicated. In a Japanese study with a mean follow-up of 3.4 years, investigators found that patients with documented gastric ulcer had a decreased likelihood of developing gastric cancer after eradication therapy. The results of a small randomized controlled trial involving healthy patients suggest that those treated for H. pylori infection had a lower incidence of preneoplastic findings on endoscopy after one year. However, preliminary results from large trials with follow-up extending to seven years demonstrate no difference in the rates of gastric cancer among patients who underwent H. pylori eradication therapy.
In the absence of guidelines or good-quality clinical trials, eradication of H. pylori purely to prevent gastric cancer in otherwise asymptomatic patients is not recommended.
Question
3 answers
Hi, I Godwin. I'm planning a study to investigate the trend of amplitude of accommodation among Ghanaians aged between 6 - 80 years. Anyone with some suggestions.
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what kind of study design will it be? prospective, retrospective, cross-sectional or what?
Question
2 answers
Hi,
I am starting to explore better ways to use ResearchGate, not just for my benefit but to do something of value for others.
I will start posting some links to various papers, publications, presentations, and briefs, as well as joining in to different discussions.
I am looking for networking, and collaboration, and work (job(s)).
Certainly I am open to sharing ideas, critiques, comments, views, and helping others. To
me, everything does require an attitude of synergy and symbiosis in order for us to
succeed, as scientists, as people.
FYI, if anyone is interested, I just wrote up this summary:
These are URLs about me, some of what I am doing, including past, and also including
things that are "orthogonal" and obviously more directed at surviving in a "non-friendly
ecosystem" as far as science and especially exploratory and non-mainstream
("non-major-institutional/corporate") R&D.
---------------------------
---------------------------------
and just about my background, http://tetradyn.com/professormd
I can do some things pro bono and voluntary, as part of a team, etc., to help advance the
general interests and causes of good research, solid science, improved education, and
better public understanding.
However, I also seek (need) work: part-time, temporary, full-time of course, in US and/or
anywhere in the world.
Best regards,
Martin D
+1-757-847-5511
+1-202-415-7295 cell
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Hai friend I like your approach, I am a statistician. I want to take in this research. if you have a data, kindly send it to me. I will provide the statistical analysis report.
Kind Regards,
R.Meenakshi
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Hi
this is Meenakshi. I llike to join in this group, because to upadte my knowldge of statistics in Research field.
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I'm just joining the group, with the intention of building my capacity in the field of epidemiology and public health
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Finding it difficult to understand the difference between 'prevalence' and Incidence. Any help is welcome.
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Incidence is the rate of new (or newly diagnosed) cases of the disease. It is generally reported as the number of new cases occurring within a period of time (e.g., per month, per year). It is more meaningful when the incidence rate is reported as a fraction of the population at risk of developing the disease (e.g., per 100,000 or per million population). Obviously, the accuracy of incidence data depends upon the accuracy of diagnosis and reporting of the disease. In some cases (including ESRD) it may be more appropriate to report the rate of treatment of new cases since these are known, whereas the actual incidence of untreated cases is not. Incidence rates can be further categorized according to different subsets of the population – e.g., by gender, by racial origin, by age group or by diagnostic category. while Prevalence is the actual number of cases alive, with the disease either during a period of time (period prevalence) or at a particular date in time (point prevalence). Period prevalence provides the better measure of the disease load since it includes all new cases and all deaths between two dates, whereas point prevalence only counts those alive on a particular date.
Prevalence is also most meaningfully reported as the number of cases as a fraction of the total population at risk and can be further categorized according to different subsets of the population.
The relationship between incidence and prevalence depends greatly on the natural history of the disease state being reported. In the case of an influenza epidemic, the incidence may be high but not contribute to much growth of prevalence because of the high, spontaneous rate of disease resolution. In the case of a disease that has a low (or zero) cure rate, but where maintenance treatment permits sustained survival, then incidence contributes to continuous growth of prevalence. In such cases, the limitation on prevalence growth is the mortality which occurs in the population. Obviously, prevalence will continue to grow until mortality equals or exceeds the incidence rate.
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I like to join with the discussion on epidemiology and public health in developing countries perspective
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I''d like to join this discussion as an epidemiologist from a developing country.
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As am a microbiologist,I wuld like 2 support this n wold like 2 work upon this
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Though I am not an epidemiologist- I am a Physiologist but I do research in Heavy metal toxicities. I think environmental health is an important field which need to be discussed more in expert forum.
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Dear Members,
Currently I'am working on molecular epidemiology of Cryptococcus gattii, an important human pathogen. this yeast causes life-threatening infection of the pulmonary and central nervous systems in hosts with normal immunity and traditionally has been considered to be restricted geographically to tropical and subtropical climates.
To date, for reasons that are not yet fully understood, C. gattii has acquired the ability to adapt to new climatic and geographic conditions, such as those existing in Canada, where this yeast has unexpectedly emerged as a primary pathogen causing, since 1999, infections mostly in immunocompetent individuals. Moreover, during the past years, several clinical autochthonous cases have also been described of patients who live in Mediterranean countries showing that this fungus is more widespread than was previously thought. However no environmental studies have been conducted to evaluate the diffusion of this yeast in these geographical areas.
To this day, after twenty years of investigations our laboratory isolated this fungus in Reggio Calabria, southern Italy (from Eucalyptus camaldulensis trees) that emphasize the observed global expansion of this pathogenic yeast.
I therefore invite all those who live in the Mediterranean area to start a collaboration with my laboratory to perform an important environmental study about the spread of this yeast.
I believe that this effort to determine the ecology and population dynamics of C. gattii in Europe might detect a different reality than that currently known regarding the epidemiology of this species.
You can simply participate in the study by sending me the environmental samples (Eucalyptus camaldulensis debris, including leaves and barks) from your country or if you are able you can recover this yeast from these samples in your lab by using conventional phenotypic methods and than share the results.
I hope many of you will participate in this study.
Anyone interested can contact me at oromeo@unime.it for further details.
I think it will be a wonderful (and productive) experience working with you.
Best Regards
Orazio Romeo
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I am ready to join in your group. Basically I am a Biostatistician. I like to be in All types of lifescience research.
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interested in hygienic standars followed in farms and in emerging zoonoticdsease
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any one interested could share their views
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currently i m pursuing MD in community medicine from kolkata. i m very much interested in cancer epidemiology. would u give me some suggestions regarding that?
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I wonder if you are interested in environmental influences on cancer, eg. rubber from tyres being breathed in etc. Or are you interested in the symptoms of people who are shown to have cancer? Or are you interested in germ-cell related cancer developing early or later in life? Or vegetarians vs. meat-eaters?
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I am really failling to identify specific of, and the influence mental health?
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How do i amplify a gene from Aspergillus for over expression of a protease
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I am new for the site and also for the group. I would like to appreciate the person who come with the idea to create this site and let us connect and share our ideas and feelings. I am a medical student and wanted to do some research to help me towards my residency in future. I live in Indianapolis, IN. I have worked in a microbiology lab for three years. I have a diploma in Business, a diploma in Chemical and bio science and a 4 year degree in Applied Chemistry. Please feel free to leave me any comment, advice or idea how i can get a temporary research position in Indiana, or any other state. Thank you
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Hey guys,Ive recently concluded a study on the awareness of breast cancer and breast selfexamination among secondary school students in Western Uganda.Does anyone know of any upcoming epidemiological conferences and how I can go about its publication?
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I'm an epidemiologist from Yemen,and happy to jointhis group.
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I'm an epidemiologist from Yemen,and happy to be a member of this group.
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i am happy to belong to this group
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HI friends, I am working on occupational health of Painters and workers related to asbestos mining and miling in India. I wolud like to hear from any body who works in the similar field.
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thanx for valuable information regard N. Nayak