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Environmental Sustainability - Science topic

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Questions related to Environmental Sustainability
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I think No, What do you think?
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Buen dia Jesus!
Your answer is not directly related to the question.
However, concious consumer and environmentally friendly agents of change in the 60s, 70s, 80s, 90s, and 2000s forced society and business and governments towards Rio +20 and shift to green market thinking under green economies and green growth... After the celebration they assimilated most conscious consumers through sustainable development washing and they assimilated environmentally friendly agents of change with Jobs and they went the way of dwarf green markets economics currently being called climate change economics
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Those who read the 1987 Brundtland Commission Report know that it was about sustainable development solutions to the social and environmental sustainability issues embedded in the traditional market model due to the assumption of social and environmental externality neutrality that had led to social problems(poverty, over population) and environmental problems(Pollution, environmental degradation) that the commission highlighted as the reason for the need to go, not half way from business as usual, but away from business as usual, and they gave us the definition of sustainable development, not of sustainability…..
But look at the UN related page below and its content:
“ Sustainability
Sustainable development requires an integrated approach that takes into consideration environmental concerns along with economic development.
In 1987, the United Nations Brundtland Commission defined sustainability as “meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” Today, there are almost 140 developing countries in the world seeking ways of meeting their development needs, but with the increasing threat of climate change, concrete efforts must be made to ensure development today does not negatively affect future generations.
The Sustainable Development Goals form the framework for improving the lives of populations around the world and mitigating the hazardous man-made effects of climate change. SDG 13: Climate Action, calls for integrating measures to prevent climate change within development frameworks. SDG 14: Life Below Water, and SDG 15: Life on Land, also call for more sustainable practices in using the earth’s natural resources. “
See we know, a) sustainability(optimization based) is not sustainable development (maximization based); b) The commission gave us a definition of sustainable development and not of sustainability as they saw the social and environmental issues created by the traditional market in terms of sustainable development thinking; c) that is why we have sustainable development goals, NOT sustainability goals.
We know the sustainability model is different than the sustainable development model and according to the model inconsistency principle sustainability and sustainable development can not be equated or defined one as the other or the other as the one.
But the UN defines sustainability as sustainable development there, a scientific inconsistency as it violates the theory-practice consistency principle.
Which raises the question, Do defining sustainability as sustainable development requires alternative academic facts? If yes, Why?
I think YES, what do you think?
Feel free to provide your own view when answering the question.
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Dear friends, here sharing article you may find interested in good faith and in line somehow with the theory around the question at hand from paradigm shift avoidance point of view
Sustainability thought 170: What happens to the Thomas Kuhn’s paradigm evolution loop under willful academic blindness? What are the implications of this?
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Carbon markets have become popular, locally and nationally, including in Canada as a way to address carbon pollution. And this raises the question, are carbon price based markets green markets? Why?
I think no, what do you think?
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They are not green markets because they are not cleared by a green market price, they are environmental externality management based markets.
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Population dynamics is usually linked to system stability. For example, over population is linked to system unsustainability, and possible system collapse through overshooting behavior like ecological overshoot. Population dynamics is rarely linked to market pricing structures as markets are usually presented as supply and demand interactions consistent with their price structures. But market price structures can be seen as linked to the nature of the population they serve. Hence, population dynamics appears to be the connection between market price structure and system stability.
And this raises the question, Is population dynamics the link between market pricing and system stability? I think yes, what do you think?
Please, feel free to share your comments, Yes and why you think is Yes or No, and why you think is No.
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Dariusz, the way you try to share your material is not helpful for sharing ideas ...you say Yes, In will leave it there.
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When you look at discussions about human population, whether from the overpopulation point of view in particular or population dynamics view in general, they lead to policy actions and recommendations that appear to be independent of the traditional market structure structure(price, consumption, and production) that supports them, but the nature of markets seems to shape the nature of the population and population dynamics they encourage.
And this raises the relevant question once and for all:
Is the nature of human population dynamics dependent or independent of the nature of the traditional market structure dynamics that serves them?
I think that the nature of the population and its dynamics is dependent of the nature of the markets that serves them as they shape their nature, what do you think?
Are they independent? Yes or No, and why do you think so?
Are they dependent? Yes or No, and why do you think so?
What do you think?
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Dear Lucio,
I too believe that what you have described as the nature of human population dynamics is dependent on the nature of the dynamics of the traditional market structure that serves them. Well, in the short term (months and quarters) it is citizens who adjust their functioning to seasonal changes in the level of production, income, purchases made etc. In the medium term (several to sometimes a dozen years), changes in the rate of economic growth that take place as part of business cycles translate into changes in citizens' income and consumption levels, and this then influences citizens' decisions to start a family and have children. On the other hand, in the longer term (from several years to several decades), the long-term economic processes, the changing sectoral and industry structure of the economy, the significantly changing level of economic development, production, income, etc., translate into significant changes in the living standards of citizens and the prevailing purchasing, housing and living standards. Subsequently, these significant changes in the economic processes taking place, in economic development, including the public products and services offered by the state (education, health care, public utilities, social assistance) and consequently also in the living standards of citizens largely determine the fertility rate, housing standards, the product and service structure of purchases made, the length of the average life expectancy of citizens, possibly also the process of population ageing and other changes in the social structure. Consequently, there are correlations between economic development and structural changes realised in the medium and long term in markets and economic sectors and changes in citizens' living standards, changes in consumption standards, living conditions, economic decisions made, fertility levels, citizens' life expectancy, social processes, etc.
Regards,
Dariusz
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Any ideas? What do you think?
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Dear Lucio,
In my opinion, the economics of climate change and the economics of a perfect green market are reconcilable, but only in theory. I have described this in my articles. Unfortunately, from theory to reality is a very big gap in this field. For the time being, the process of carrying out a full pro-environmental transformation of the classic growth, brown, linear economy of excess to a sustainable, green, zero-carbon zero-growth and closed loop economy to create a zero-carbon economy, to halt the progressive process of global warming, to halt the over-consumption of natural resources, to halt the increase in environmental pollution is not possible with the current political, economic, financial, social, etc. realities. Therefore, in reality, the economics of climate change and the economics of a perfect green market are incompatible, despite the fact that it has been theoretically described how this can be achieved.
Thank you very much,
Best regards,
Dariusz
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Post everything you know about ferrock and ferrock concrete
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Dr David Stone
The History of Ferrock Ferrock was actually invented by accident in the early 2000s. Dr David Stone, the founder of Iron Shell Media Technologies and former University of Arizona PhD student, was researching ways to prevent iron from rusting and hardening when he accidentally created Ferrock.
Iron Shell, LLC
Iron Shell is a start-up material science company founded in 2012 which produces Ferrock, an environmentally friendly cement substitute utilizing waste steel dust. This technology is carbon-negative, absorbs environmental toxins, and has substantial structural advantages over traditional cement.
David Stone Founder and CTO at Iron Shell Material Technologies
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Many studies on climate change and environmental sustainability have established a positive relationship between population size and environmental pressure. Is it, however possible for the population growth of neighbouring countries to cause a decline in CO2 emissions in a country, taking the spatial relationship among countries into consideration?
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Yes, of course, Nigeria for example. In one of my research on the synergy impact between climate change, energy consumption and ecological degradation on the economic growth of Nigeria. Indicates an inverse influence of the population growth to environmental (ecological) degradation via the CO2 emission effect
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Under green market thinking there is no room for the concept of green pollution, but in the world of green market distortions like the world of dwarf green markets such a concept is possible as you can come up with alternative academic facts or alternative academic definitions or alternative academic principles.
As current event in the European Union shows that is the new wave that the business usual model is apparently going through by defining its way out without a golden end goal like clean markets…. https://www.reuters.com/business/sustainable-business/eu-parliament-vote-green-gas-nuclear-rules-2022-07-06/
And this raises the question, Does the distortions created by the 2012 green market paradigm shift avoidance move allows room for advancing the concept of GREEN POLLUTION? I think yes, what do you think?
If you would like to provide your own views on the question, then please. If your answer is Yes, please explain why you think so. If your answer is No, please explain why you think so.
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Dear Lucio,
Unfortunately, the realities of environmental policy do not coincide 100 per cent with the need to urgently carry out a pro-environmental transformation of the classic brown growth, linear economy of excess to a sustainable, green, zero-carbon zero-growth and closed loop economy. We know that this is urgent and necessary in order to save as much of the biodiversity of the planet's natural ecosystems as possible and to reduce the scale of the climate catastrophe that, due to the progressive process of global warming, may occur very soon, as at the end of the current 21st century or even slightly earlier. This is what the latest IPCC reports indicate. The political reality of environmental policy is unfortunately determined by various factors, mainly economic, financial, political, including the issue of energy security, international trade in fossil fuels, charges for atmospheric CO2 emissions, lobbying by large energy companies, and so on. In the European Union, too, environmental policy is determined by many factors, i.e. determinants not only of the issue of protecting the climate, biosphere and biodiversity of the planet in terms of the next few decades, but also many issues of current politics and economics. On 6.7.2022, a vote was held in the European Parliament on the question of whether gas- and nuclear-based energy can be included among renewable energy sources. The European Parliament resolved, i.e. passed a resolution, that yes. However, it was clear before the vote that the distribution of votes for and against would be very even. Few votes could prevail for one side or the other. This has happened more than once in politics. However, nowadays, due to the war in Ukraine and the need to accelerate the process of pro-environmental transformation of the economy, including the pro-environmental transformation of the energy sector, the development of renewable and emission-free energy sources, the importance of environmental policy in the issue of energy development is growing. However, on the other hand, it is not possible to build many large-scale solar, wind, hydrogen, hydro, fusion-based, geothermal and possibly nuclear power plants in one year to replace all fossil-fired electricity and heat generation plants. Therefore, it was felt that a transition period of several years was necessary, during which power plants generating energy on the basis of low-carbon energy sources, i.e. natural gas and nuclear power, could be built and developed. Consequently, this kind of low-carbon energy is formally classified as so-called renewable energy sources. Of course, we know that renewable energy sources defined in this way are not emission-free energy sources. Therefore, the transitional period that is being introduced in connection with the potential occurrence of an energy crisis in the coming months and years should be followed by energy generation exclusively from renewable and emission-free energy sources. How serious a problem this is is shown by many current examples from the current situation of the energy sector. For example, in the country where I am operating now (8.7.2022), there has been media coverage of failures in 2 power plants. As a result, prices for energy generated from fossil combustion quickly went up on the energy exchanges. In contrast, the prices of energy generated from emission-free sources such as wind and solar power are currently at their lowest. Unfortunately, the government in my country has not taken these issues into account for 7 years, the fossil-burning power industry has been subsidised from the state finance system, the development of renewable energy has been deliberately slowed down and today still 3/4 of energy is produced from fossil burning. As a result, electricity in Poland is one of the most expensive for citizens, air quality one of the worst in Europe and, in addition, the risk of an energy crisis continues to grow. The EU's environmental and energy policy is being pursued in such a way as to reconcile various strategic objectives, such as, on the one hand, the need for an urgent pro-environmental transformation of the energy sector in order to save the climate, biosphere and biodiversity of the planet and, on the other, the issue of energy security. Unfortunately, in my country, environmental and energy policy is not being conducted strategically, i.e. with long-term, multi-annual planning, but with current political considerations. Short-term planning therefore dominates according to colloquial sayings: "somehow it will be done" and "let's hope for the next elections" (parliamentary elections, which in my country are already to be held in the autumn of 2023). In addition, the emerging symptoms of the projected slowdown in economic growth, and possibly also the recession and stagflation that may occur in 2023, may constitute significant barriers to the smooth and rapid implementation of the pro-environmental transformation of the economy, including the pro-environmental transformation of the energy sector. A particularly significant crisis factor is steadily rising and already double-digit inflation. In many countries, the prices of many products and services are rising from month to month. Citizens with the lowest incomes are most negatively affected by price increases. For example, price increases for tourism services in Poland in 2022 relative to 2021 averaged 17 per cent and were among the highest in Europe. Only Bulgaria had a higher increase. The smallest increases were in Malta, Italy and Spain. In Poland, the highest increases in tourism services were at the Baltic Sea and in the mountains, while the lowest were in Masuria. In addition, food prices have been rising rapidly for a year. Fossil fuel prices have also been rising rapidly since the start of the war in Ukraine. The prices of real estate have stopped rising due to a decrease in the number of people willing to buy a flat or house, which is linked to a decrease in the creditworthiness of the majority of citizens in 2022, which is a result of commercial banks raising their lending rates. In recent months, the prices of production factors have also been rising rapidly. In June in Poland, consumer inflation stood at 15.6 per cent and, calculated as full, cumulative inflation, was one of the highest in Europe. By contrast, producer inflation, which determines the average level of growth in the prices of production factors, was almost 10 per cent higher than consumer inflation. This means continued strong inflationary pressure for the coming months. On the other hand, production growth is slowing down in Q2 FY2022, the PMI is declining rapidly, and there are increasing signs of a slowdown in economic growth forecast for the next quarters and for 2023. There is a growing risk of recession and stagflation in many countries in 2023. The aforementioned economic problems stemming from previous socioeconomic policy mistakes made since the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic will be important factors slowing down the smooth and rapid implementation of the pro-environmental transformation of the economy, including the pro-environmental transformation of the energy sector, in the coming quarters and years.
Best regards,
Dariusz
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The goal of shifting from pollution based markets to clean markets is affected by going green markets and by going dwarf green markets in opposing ways.
The working of green markets moves away from pollution based markets and it tends towards clean markets while the working of dwarf green markets stays far away from clean markets and very close to pollution based markets.
Which raises the question, What are the clean market consequences of green market paradigm shift avoidance?
What do you think?
Please try to answer the question first, and then make any comments you think are appropriate.
And I will reply.
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Dear Lucio,
Answering your question, I say that in my opinion the scale of avoiding the green market paradigm by companies and enterprises is still very large in the country where I operate. Many commercially operating companies and enterprises, if they are not forced by legal norms or if their clients still have a low level of pro-environmental transformation, still ignore the paradigms of the green market, they ignore the principles of ecological social responsibility, the principles of business ethics, green economy, sustainable development goals. On the other hand, some companies, corporations, banks and other financial institutions promote themselves in advertising spots as green and meeting specific goals of sustainable development. This is not always true. Usually, the scale of the transformation of business from classic to green is small and in advertising campaigns certain economic entities present themselves as fully green and implement on a large scale the goals of sustainable development. However, a more serious problem is that this type of misleading customers, citizens, this type of unreliable advertising campaigns and brand promotion campaigns as well as product and / or service offers are also used by government-controlled state-owned companies and some public institutions. The negative effect of such situations is misleading customers and citizens who, when buying products and / or services of a specific company, bank, enterprise, etc., assume that they are buying a green offer from an entity that pursues sustainable development goals and runs a green business, which often does not. is truthful. In addition, companies and enterprises use non-returnable financial subsidies for the implementation of pro-environmental economic ventures, for the creation and implementation of new eco-innovations, new green technologies, etc. However, there is no system of precise determination of what is green innovation and new green technology and what is not. Often, these subsidies are granted to companies and enterprises that fictitiously implement green economic ventures or the scale of pro-environmental business is negligible. On the other hand, there is a lack of financial resources for carrying out a systemic pro-environmental transformation of the economy, for the construction of new power plants generating electricity and / or heat from renewable and emission-free energy sources, for the development of electromobility, for the development of sustainable ecological agriculture, for afforestation of civilization degraded areas, for technology improvement. recycling and creating biodegradable substitutes for plastics, etc.
Best regards,
Dariusz
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Hi,
I am trying to model the effect of consumers' preference for sustainably produced goods on aggregate employment.
I am trying to build an SFC model with two sectors, one sustainable and one non-sustainable.
Now I need references of papers that have done something similar, modeling the economy in two sectors using the SFC model.
Thanks in advance.
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To whom it may concern,
Giraud and Grasselli have a paper that divides the household sector into two (workers and investors).
Kim and Lavoie have a paper that divides the productive sector into two (firms that produce capital goods and firms that produce consumer goods). This one is present in Silvia María Franco Anaya 's work with a good rating.
TianXi Cao has a paper that divides the productive sector (production of luxury goods and production of basic goods) and the household sector (workers in the luxury goods sector and workers in the basic goods sector). The author also makes an interesting discussion of dividing the economy into two sectors.
My main interest is in papers that divide the productive sector in two.
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I would like to benefit from your academic and research experiences in the field of civil engineering. I would like to study a master's and doctorate degree in geotechnical engineering. Is this specialization recommended for the future from an academic and research point of view, and is there a specialty within the field of civil engineering that is recommended or preferred to study a master’s and a doctorate in it?
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soil structure interaction
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Do construction professionals (especially construction managers, project managers and quantity surveyors) need environmental sustainability competencies?
Looking at how the construction activities affect the environment and yes we have environmental engineers but wouldn't it be good to have construction professionals that are also aware of the environmental impacts/issues, especially during the construction, operation and demolition phases.
Assistance will be appreciated.
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Bontle Chabaesele The construction industry contributes nearly 1 billion tonnes of waste every year and also contributes to about 37% of CO2 emissions. Sustainability, Green construction, Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA) and minimizing the impact are the norms of the day and these cannot be called needed knowledge areas anymore. Now these need to be the core requirements for construction professionals
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Those familiar with Kuhn’s ideas on the evolution of scientific thought know or should know that what is normal science today may not be normal science tomorrow as normal science tomorrow if resulting from paradigm shifts that address the abnormalities of old paradigms that lead it into crises would be inconsistent with normal science today…..
Kuhn’s loop on how science evolves is based on the idea of honest academic thinking and discourse that in the end leads to paradigm change and to the growth of scientific thought….
But what if the loop of the growth of knowledge is plagued by willful academic blindness and silence….an aspect that apparently escaped Kuhn’s imagination…..
Which leads to the question, What happens to the scientific revolution loop a la Thomas Kuhn under willful academic blindness? Any ideas!
Feel free to share your own ideas
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Lucio Muñoz : Thanks for your kind response to my comment. I must tell you that I am a decades-long, severe and antagonistic critic of modern official theoretical physics and cosmology; both in and out of RG. One of my forums in RG on Einstein’s theories of relativity was closed down by an exceptional ruling of the RG management after it ran for a year and a half and attracted many physicists from around the world. I can see that someone totally unknown to me, made a collage of my comments in that forum and posted it online at the following link:
But I understand that your question in this forum is not directed to persons like me (which is rather an exception), but of course, is very relevant in the face of the present crisis of credibility of modern scientific theories and the existing paradigm. I definitely welcome your efforts in this forum.
I must also say that I do not doubt the intellectual honesty of Kuhn; but in my opinion it was a naïve exercise; because it did not consider the harsh realities of society of conflicting interest groups as I discussed in my comment above. But Karl Popper in my opinion, was definitely an opportunist and trickster – a turncoat “Marxists”, used and promoted by British imperial authority on the one hand to bestow “scientific” benediction on the esoteric theories of relativity by Albert Einstein, making those Kosher (because such theories cannot be falsified and by default are established as objective truth!). On the other hand, used as a “determinist” in the polemic on quantum uncertainty and in the ideological conflict and geopolitical rivalry of the time.
Best regards.
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How has Africa’s colonial past affected Africa? Africa has vast mineral, agricultural resources including good weather so why is it poor?
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Hello, yes, because no, Africa is a vast region full of important resources in the world. It has not been ineffective, but for a true economy, liberalism is not the only answer
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I am nursing the idea of conducting a research on this
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Thank you
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It is a challenge to include not only price as the main criterian to establish the best option among different contracts. it is important to change the decision from price restriction to sustainability view, in which not only the price, then the cost of doing the work or service for the public authorities is important. Moreover, the social sustainability and environmental sustainability are at least as much important than economical results. Then, it will be important to include those social aspects that could improve the social back when public authorities buy products or paid services. It is at least a 14% GDP in Europe; then, the inclusion of sustainaiblity as a root for making decisions is one of the key factor to obtain a sustainaible economy.
What do you think?
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Ways to start or enhance your sustainability purchasing...
  • Find Allies in your Organization.
  • Tap Into Key Resources.
  • Draft a Policy Statement and Make a Plan.
  • Start a Sustainability Conversation with Current Suppliers.
  • Find Ways to Use Less of What You Already Have.
  • Choose New Suppliers Committed to Sustainability.
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The volume of organic waste is growing exponentially, and in most countries, it's left untreated which is leading to tragic consequences for local and global environments. Agriculture, animal farming, food industries, and cities all produce organic waste on a regular basis. Organic waste could be recycled into fertilizers, but current processes are unsustainable, inefficient, and frequently involve the use of hazardous chemicals, which have their own environmental consequences. What would be the best way to transform organic waste into a sustainable and effective fertilizer with the least significant impact on the environment?
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Hi Wissam, I think there are two approaches to treating organic waste to convert it into fertilizer depending on the waste composition. If the waste N content is high (animal protein) directly convert to fertilizer using common composting techniques, if not first feed to an anaerobic digester and collect the methane and use it as a fuel. The waste generated from the digester is a fertilizer.
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Circular Economy and Triple Bottom line are two main tools in achieving sustainable development goals. But many academics, professionals and stakeholders are finding difficult to distinguish the difference between them and also fail to interconnect them. In this aspect, how they are inter related in terms of construction industry and technological applications?
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The Built Environment sector consumes a substantial portion of non‐renewable energy and prompts the emission of a significant amount of CO2; contributing approximately 39% of the annual global CO2. A third of the usage of total energy and CO2 emissions is a result of the Construction Sector in the developed and developing nations.
The Smartcrusher is a classic example of Circular economy by Netherlands Circular, 2018. Concrete is strong enough to last for centuries. But every kilogram of cement produces one kilogram of CO2 emissions. This means that today’s concrete and cement industry emits about three times as much CO2 as all aircraft combined. Crushed pieces of concrete can now only be used as low-grade gravel replacements. SmartCrusher is a device that separates the unused cement stone from the concrete rubble. It also produces residual flows of good quality sand and gravel. The cement stone can be used directly in concrete production and thus saves cement and CO2 emissions. With SmartCrusher, 50% of the world’s largest concrete construction flow can be made circular. The revenue model shows that the investment can be recouped within 1.5 years and that the price of concrete is halved. And that without including CO2 pricing
In the category of PROFIT, the price of concrete is halved, allowing more headroom for profit. There is ample savings from less waste and Carbon Tax.
In the category PLANET, the impact of CO2 emissions is the rise in global temperatures that result in shrinking changes of water supplies, changes in weather patterns and increase in sea levels; among others. By reducing emissions these consequences of global warming are curbed.
PEOPLE are better off with less CO2 emissions. Air pollution from construction has a direct effect on construction workers’ health, and the health of citizens near construction sites. As an example, the UK’s Health and Safety Executive has found that over 200 construction workers die yearly prematurely from diseases caused by exposure to diesel fumes (Bellona, 2019). There is no safe amount of air pollution, which means that the less air pollution we can have, the safer it will be for construction workers, and citizens exposed to construction sites.
*The triple bottom line is a business concept that posits firms should commit to measuring their social and environmental impact—in addition to their financial performance—rather than solely focusing on generating profit, or the standard “bottom line.” It can be broken down into “three Ps”: profit, people, and the planet
*A circular economy is "a model of production and consumption, which involves sharing, leasing, reusing, repairing, refurbishing and recycling existing materials and products as long as possible."
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I really appreciate every answer because this project is going to be my Master Degree Thesis.
I have already studied a lot of softwares, such as: Ecolizer, openLCA, GaBi, SimaPro, Ecochain and Umberto, and many databases: Eco-invent, US LCI, ELCD, Environmental footprint and BioEnergieDAT.
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Beatriz Lopo Teixeira Muchas gracias!!
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In 2050, our global population is projected to reach 9.8 billion, with 68% of us living in urban cities. In order to feed this massive population, we will need to increase our agricultural output by 70% over current levels. Just to put this number into perspective, we will need to grow more food in the next 35 to 40 years than the previous 10,000 years combined.
The agricultural industry is called upon to innovate and play an increasingly vital role to feed the world in the future.
Your thoughts and views are invited, in light of the role to be played by vertical farming/ indoor urban farming.
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Visit also the following useful RG link:
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Hello everyone,
I am trying to model the process stage (Gate to Gate) of FDM on SimaPro. I understand that I need to decide upon my inputs and outputs as well as system boundary before doing that. I am trying to do this properly and was wondering if anyone can advise more on this methodology (i.e., how to decide upon the values for the raw material input and electricity?, etc...).
Any response is very much appreciated. Thank you.
Useful Article: Methodology for systematic analysis and improvement of manufacturing unit process life-cycle inventory (UPLCI) —CO2PE! initiative (cooperative effort on process emissions in manufacturing). Part 1: Methodology description.
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For FDM SimaPro modelling in gate-to-gate first you should have clear system boundaries based on the research scope. I would like to suggest the following research articles for in-depth study:
Hope them helps you
Best regards,
Shuraik
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Cement has been in human use throughout history, and due to its binding nature, it is regarded as the backbone of the construction industry. A recent edition of the journal Nano Energy published the results from major breakthrough research conducted by engineers from Incheon National University, Kyung Hee University, and Korea University. The researchers have invented a cement-based composite (CBC) that can be used in concrete to develop electrical properties without affecting its structural performance. But what if cement could be used to generate electricity?
Any ideas from researchers?
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While many businesses are aiming for net-zero goals, do we have sound evidence that net-zero farming is possible or has already been achieved?
Examples, sources.
Thanks
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Also check please the following useful link: https://www.agdaily.com/insights/net-zero-mean-farmers-ranchers/
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As a byproduct I obtatin glycerol from transesterification reaction. I currently expecting to developed a handsanitizer from crude glycerol. My question is how I can develope a handsanitizer from crude glycerol?
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Kindly see also the following useful link: https://www.wired.com/story/how-to-make-hand-sanitizer/
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Please help! I'm looking for respondents to take this less than 5 minute survey on industry 4.0 and sustainability, it's for my master's thesis. Thanks so much, feel free to share the link with others as well! :) https://lnkd.in/eRPHiGqW #sustainability #share #help #innovation
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Done, would be interesting to see the results.
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At what time scale should we consider the priority measures to be implemented in order to ensure the protection of natural resources and guarantee their sustainability? (i) direct and urgent measures associated with the modes of exploitation and development of resources ; (ii) indirect and very long-term implications of Climate Change on the potential of resources. Has everything been done on (i) to decree that it is urgent to tackle (ii) head-on with all its uncertainties, particularly with regard to time scales involved, incompatible with the scales of concrete actions?
Is it absurd to assume, like for the evolution of species and their adaptations to natural changes of all kinds, that adaptations and resilience to the effects of climate change should readjust themselves, to changes in natural conditions, which by definition are very slow and loaded with uncertainties?
Moral: what are the urgent actions for scientists, decision-makers, actors, and active civil societies, and on what issues should scientific, technical, and financial resources should be concentrated?
I would be glad to exchange ideas on this important matter. To start the discussion, I will begin by giving some examples from Tunisia (ranked among the countries that suffer the most from lack of water).
Example 1- On the adaptation of Tunisian olive groves to bioclimatic conditions: The olive tree has been cultivated in Tunisia since Roman times under different bioclimatic conditions in exclusively rainfed groves: in the south with less than 250 mm of rainfall and in the north with more than 600 mm [1]. Apart from the different olive tree species in each of the regions, it is clear that the density of olive trees is strictly correlated with rainfall, ranging from 16 olive trees per hectare in the South to nearly a hundred olive trees per hectare in the North; so that it is possible to faithfully superimpose the density map of olive trees on the map of isohyets. Empirically, over millennia and outside of any protocol or procedure, the peasants have naturally adapted to the natural conditions of the environment and it is difficult to imagine that things can be otherwise.
Example 2- On floods and hydraulic disorders: Indigenous, Carthaginian, Roman, and Muslim cities were, without exception, located high up, sheltered from flooding (they were unfortunately not immune to drought). The centrifugal developments of urban agglomerations during the last century have reached flood zones. The transformation of watersheds and the artificialization of the water cycle have increased the concentration of flows so that flooding has become a national plague. What are the urgent actions: (i) to rethink territory development and planning for better resilience to flooding or (ii) tackle the impact of climate change on the frequencies of floods, admittedly real but at much larger time scales which escapes the scales of concrete actions.
Example 3- On groundwater overexploitation and aquifers depletion: Most of the groundwater is subjected to disastrous overexploitation leading to drawdowns and irreversible degradation of water quality. Some aquifers are withdrawn at more than 250% of the average recharge rate and the oases of the South draw on very weakly renewable “fossil” aquifers to produce dates sold at prices ranging between $ 1 and $ 3 (approximately 8 m3 of water are required to produce 1 kg of dates) [2]. Coastal aquifers in the Cap-Bon region are used in the production of citrus fruits sold at less than $ 1 per kg. The aquifers are stressed to such an extent that marine intrusion has, in some cases, resulted in definitive depletion of the resource. If the decision-makers and the scientific community do not put urgently all their human and material resources and all the scientific and technical means, to solve this nagging problem; well, the time needed to define and put in place measures of resilience and adaptation to the hypothetical effects of Climate Change on groundwater recharge will be more than enough for the squandering of these resources to be total and definitive as it is already the case of certain coastal aquifers.
[1](5) (PDF) Alleviating water scarcity by optimizing "Green Virtual-Water": the case of Tunisia (researchgate.net)
[2](4) National Water Security, Case Study of an Arid Country: Tunisia | Request PDF (researchgate.net).
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Investment into resilience can align with sustainable development goals, improving quality of life, stimulating the economy, and protecting the environment while safeguarding areas against the onset of climate change. Resilience is the ability of a system to absorb, withstand and bounce back after an adverse event. https://www.eesi.org/topics/adaptation-resilience/description
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Think about it, science is supposed to be an open environment, one where if ideas are shown to be lacking or inappropriate or wrong, they are either improved or discarded. A system where if assumptions about reality turned out to be wrong, it will shift to catch up with the actual, now new reality leaving the previous reality/previous knowledge behind. That would be consistent with the thinking of Popper and Kuhn.
That was the expectation after the 1987 Brundtland commission said business as usual model has not worked as the assumptions on which it has been based were wrong, and that was the expectation after 2012 RIO + 20 when the UNCSD commission said to go green market, green growth and green economy was the shift to go….to internalize the wrong environmental externality assumption found in the business as usual model...
If that science expectation does not happen and invalid ideas and/or previous paradigm ideas are used to address the new reality, which by now everyone knows or should know is a reality not consistent with those previous ideas, is that still science or is this now an ideology?.
Which raises the question, at what point science, in general or economics in particular, becomes an ideology?
What do you think? Please express your view through answering this question.
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Dear Lucio Muñoz , let me bring in my simple point that economics is still not a science, but a profession, based on certain accounts and accounting methods of society. Even medicine is not a science, but more a science-based practice of empirical evidences via testing procedures. With respect to natural and exact science, I need to mention that the basic assumptions of biological evolution, physical thermodynamics and mathematical information theory are contradictory.
The ideological trap for scientific research and researchers is based on the financial decision: which research and researcher gets funded? Most scientific research is funded by government grants , companies doing research and development, and non-profit foundations; in a perfect world, money wouldn't matter — all scientific studies (regardless of funding source) would be completely objective.
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Great moments in science: Einstein discovers that time is actually money.
Gary Larson
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Dear Scholars and Researchers,
I need to prepare reduced graphene oxide (rGO) from graphene oxide (GO) powder at room temperature. This rGO along with TiO2 will be applied on the textile surface.
Q1. In chemical reduction methods, to avoid toxic hydrazine, sodium borohydride (NaBH4), ascorbic acid (Vitamin C:VC) and hydroiodic acid (HI) can be used as a substitute reducing agent. Which one will be more environmentally sustainable and effective in a colloidal solution?
Q2. If I follow photocatalyst reduction techniques in the presence of TiO2 in water, -OH group on TiO2 can interact with the R-COOH group of GO and rGO can be obtained. At this point, some researchers additionally incorporated reducing agents. What is the consequence of that? Do we still need to add a reducing agent?
Thanks in advance.
#Graphene #TiO2 #Graphene Oxide #Metallurgy #Textile
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Dear Mohammad Mamunur Rashid, please have a look at the following RG thread and the references therein. My Regards
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Data science is a growing field of technology in present context. There have been notable applications of data science in electronic engineering, nanotechnology, mechanical engineering and artificial intelligence. What kind of future scopes available for data science at civil engineering aspects in the field of structural analysis, structural design, geotechnical engineering, hydrological engineering, environmental engineering and sustainable engineering?
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Many scholars have written about the strengths and weaknesses of the 17 SDGs. What is your opinion?
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Actually, an SDG for energy should ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern forms of energy for all, which in turn could alleviate poverty, improve health and wellbeing, and mitigate climate change. Realising these multiple benefits requires that countries tailor SDGs to different national contexts
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Dear colleagues,
I would like to request your collaboration to take part in the survey, available at the links: (EN): https://lnkd.in/djVdWne (IT): https://lnkd.in/dnvK3eJ (PT-BR): https://lnkd.in/dVGWmHv This questionnaire is part of the project aiming to analyze the transition from a linear economy to a circular economy, comparing developed and developing countries, at a macro level (nations, regions, cities). The project is a partnership between the University of Brasilia (Brazil), coordinated by Professor Patricia Guarnieri and the University of Bologna (Italy), coordinated by Professor Augusto Bianchini.
Your participation is very important to us. Please share with your network! Sincerely,
Patricia Guarnieri, Dr. Professor and Researcher Faculty of Economics, Business Administration, Accounting and Public Policies Management (FACE/UnB) - http://www.adm.unb.br/ University of Brasilia - UnB -  http://www.unb.br/ ORCID : http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5298-5348
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The transition to a circular economy is not uniform and varies depending on a series of factors such as the degree of industrialization, the level of technological development, the availability of qualified human resources and access to financing, among others.
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Hi for everyone,
I would like to do a Life Cycle Assessment comparison for teak timbers from various geographical locations. Could you please share with me any data that you have for carbon footprint on timber with their corresponding information?
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Please have a look at enclosed PDF..
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We hear about environmental problems or social problems or socio-environmental problems associated with business as usual, problems being exacerbated currently by over population pressures and overshooting pressures. Hence, all those problems and pressures seem to be associated with non-optimal market conditions in practice, but conditions that are assumed to be optimal in theory, hinting towards a practice-theory inconsistency problem.
And this raises the question, Is the destruction of full optimality at the heart of system unsustainability problems? I think yes, what do you think?
Note: Moving away from full optimality thinking is what is meant here when saying "the destruction of full optimality".
Please, feel free to express your own views on the question, Yes, and why you think so? No, and why you think so?
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Dear Lucio
What I tried to say is that, in my view it is characteristic to the sustainability-related discussion in economics to disregard the factor time when talking about pricing and equillibrium.
Regards
Michael
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The use of Concrete and Steel in the construction field has compromised the environmental sustainability which makes the SDGs almost impossible to achieve. Discuss.
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The use of natural products is an alternative for the control of pathogens associated with seeds, with the advantage of cost reduction and absence of environmental impact caused by pesticides.
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UN agencies, governments, international organizations like FAO and World Bank, academic institutions and so on appear to be talking about green economies and green growth yet they are not implementing green markets as the environmental cost of production is not yet internalized.  They are promoting non-green market approaches like carbon pricing or cap and trade, can green economy and green growth exist outside green markets? I think "No", what do you think?
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From a systemic point of view, Green Markets are one of finalities of Green Economy. So, there is a two-way relationship between the both concepts, Green Market is created and enhanced by Green Economy, and this latest could not be implemented without Green Market. By other words, Green Market is a sub-system for Green Economy. - Anouar.
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Bitcoin mining requires large computing power and therefore large amounts of electricity. Most of the electricity used by Bitcoin miners around the world comes from fossil fuel power plants. This leads to global carbon emissions and environmental pollution. In November 2021, the Cambridge Centre for Alternative Finance estimated that Bitcoin’s annualized power consumption is 115 TWh, which is almost as large as the annual electricity consumption of Poland – a country with 38 million citizens. Given the large and growing environmental concerns across the world and the planned actions of the United Nations Climate Change Conference, is the long-term outlook for Bitcoin applications negative? Is Bitcoin cursed with its inherent ‘proof of work’ and mining mechanism? Are the long-term external costs of the Bitcoin ecosystem too large as compared with the potential benefits offered by this cryptocurrency? Is the demise of Bitcoin inevitable in the long term? Can ways be found whereby Bitcoin’s negative environmental impact might be significantly reduced?
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Is there any research out there which someone tried to identify potential similarities of the tourist behaviour by a country in terms of sustainability?
For example, the Russians respect this but not this, the scandinavians mostly do this when in holiday and goes on...
I did a quick search in Google scholar but researchers doesnt seem to divide the tourists for simplier subjects than this. I understand that some countries are too big to have similarities but am asking if this idea have ever implement in some way.
Should this lead to a potential research about sustainability educations in each country?
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I follow this topic.
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I'm looking for information on home value data in the neighborhood of Chelsea, NYC for a survey of the impacts of green gentrification in the region brought about by High Line Park. Contributions in this regard are very welcome.
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Zillow may be a useful source for current values. Depending on your timeframe, tax assessment records -- generally available for free -- can be useful, but they have a large amount of lag. Hence the reason to tap Zillow or similar for recent data. But Zillow is labor-intensive, requires looking up individual addresses. Zillow & assessor files also give you housing characteristics that you will need. Economics journals contain numerous studies of impacts on property values, eg, of firearm injury/crime rates, noise, pollution. Many are fraught with problems. Read some of the studies & critiques before deciding to proceed.
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Hello fellow researchers,
for my final thesis I want to examine if sustainability is a new status symbol and if yes, how strong it is and it's differences to luxury goods (and also if a luxury good is not "green" does this circumstance reduce it's symbolic power?).
Unfortunenately, I cannot find any studies in the past that examine status symbolism. More precisely, I need a scale or a model that measuers status perception or status symbolism (of any obejct).
Does someone has an idea where I can find such scale/model, or can someone post a study that uses or developed such scale/model?
I am thankful for every help.
Greetings from Germany :)
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Which energy source you prefer for cooking, considering sustainable future? And why?
Electricity, Solar Energy, Wind Energy, Biomass Energy, Gas/Propane/Heating Oil, kerosene, methanol, ethanol and plant oil, etc. or any other.
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Coal based power plants are one of the cheapest and more effective instruments to produce electricity. Many developed countries have already applied this plants and had the benefit from it. Although some of the countries have now stopped using coal based plants because of the negative impact being created towards the nature.
At present, many developing countries specifically in Asian and African region, are choosing Coal to produce more electricity as the demand is at the highest peak; even though a huge environmental degradation is happening due to these circumstances.
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Coal is cheapest source of energy production, if we use new technology for removal of the pollution
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I am doing my masters in energy systems engineering, and I am looking for topics to do my thesis on; are there any suggestions?
I am interested in renewable energy.
PS: I have done my bachelor in mechanical engineering.
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Alternative and Renewable energy, solar, wind and geothermal power, brining down prices in the process about free of cost and highly demand world wide is.
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As we know the problem of floods and water logging are increasing day by day especially in India and other Asian countries, and recently we saw many floods in the Indian subcontinent. Similar conditions took place in Wuhan but the Concept of Sponge City was a game changer. In Maharashtra (India) similar conditions arised this monsoon and I wanted to check that can a similar concept like sponge city be implemented in Maharashtra for sustainable flood management. So, if anyone can guide me on how to approach this project it would be a great help, looking forward to get answers.
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Some cities flood due the abundance of impermeable surfaces, roofs, compacted soils, etc. And the design of the city has open areas, where water could be transported, stored, used as wetlands, ponds, or possibly large more natural freshwater aquariums, etc. And permeable surfaces may infiltrate more water into soils. However, in cities with high building density including in the floodplain, with utilities embedded into the roads, a major reworking of the city might be needed. There May be opportunities to design in features to help better manage water or flooding, or retrofit structures by raising on piles, etc. Channelization and levees, dams, etc. as mentioned in Sponge City design can help, but best to have appropriate engineering and hydrology design, and even these best efforts can sometimes fail. Stream type, sediment sources, geology, flood zones, etc. need to be assessed. Urban areas within large basins would be more difficult as compared to smaller watersheds. I have mentioned before, especially in areas subject to cyclonic massive storms to consider using an envelop curve to plot the extreme flows of all gauging stations, and who is to know relative to climate change, whether this might be enough to address the potential for local severity. The practicality beyond the engineering, geology, geomorphology, hydrology, etc. also depends on costs and willingness of public to accept potentially some massive changes, and manage an urban area with more water, higher water table, potential for water quality issues, stability, etc. In the right circumstances, the Sponge City approach looks promising, but may not be the best approach for every circumstance, and that is why a review of conditions, limits, options May lead toward a properly funded and designed feasibility study.
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Papers applied to the pig and poultry sectors are much appreciated.
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have seen people who raise chicken above a fish pond. The chicken droppings feed the fish and the fish feed the chicken and the farmer can sell both the fish and chicken to improve his economic situation.
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In the computer modeling and simulation of floatovoltaic systems in marine environments or freshwater reservoirs, a floating PV photovoltaic array performance model and simulation need to characterize the FSPV or FPV irrigation reservoir water evaporation benefits in sustainability assessment for sustainable development energy projects. Quantifying evaporative water-saving is a key project viability metric in a techno-economic model for FPV hydropower hybrid performance models for hydroelectric facilities, or to estimate floating PV array operating temperature or floating PV module internal cell temperature changes in comparative studies for floating FPV and ground-mounted PV or GPV.
Computer estimation of evaporation from a water surface of a water basin or wastewater basin is often calculated in Matlab or Python through mathematical evaporation models, by using parameters such as solar radiation, air temperature, humidity, water temperature, wind velocity, etc. While various applications and modifications of the Penman method, Penman-Monteith equations or Priestley-Taylor evaporation rates are used to predict or determine evapotranspiration rates in various solar water pond cover configurations, and PV floater design types as a sustainability indicator.
However, most water surface modeling or reservoir evaporation methodologies seem to be based on average daily solar irradiation rates, meaning real-time simulation model predictions need to be adapted to account for more instantaneous hour-to-hour solar irradiation data model inputs, ambient temperature variations, wind variations, airmass, relative humidity, water temperature or weather prediction data obtained from remote sensing and weather prediction data.
In a recent publication (link below) on environmental impact assessment of floating solar PV, we propose a method to time-normalize the hourly predictions of floating solar PV evaporation rates in a water-energy-land-food nexus metric, but would like to know from researchers and scientists if literature is available to discuss other scientific data engineering options for hour-to-hour or even-minute-to-minute evaporation rate estimations on open water surfaces as a means to quantify the evaporation savings of an FPV prototype in a real-time simulation model:
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Excellent question flagged here. Would be eager to know more.
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Hello,
I am wondering about the possibility of exporting data from SimaPro to GaBi and back again. Does the database used in SimaPro have to be the same as what's available in GaBi??
Thanks in advance!
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si creo que es facil en breve le facilitare un folleto para recomendarselo, Saludos
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Can ecological sustainability increase the attractiveness of a region, especially regarding the moving decisions of skilled migrants?
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Yes, ecological sustainability can increase the attractiveness of a region. Skilled migrants can be influenced by ES. But Economical Sustainability can more influenced than Ecological Sustainability.
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I've been searching for indonesian (especially java island) native species of crops & vegetables that can be applied for agroforestry on slope with high level of canopy shadding.
So I will appreciate if I can have some recommendation from someone with botanical experts.
Thank you.
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I think these papers help
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Dated: 10-June-2020.
Perhaps!
Prefatory, it may be, because this year the radiations and greenhouse gases interaction feedback processes on different timescale (one of the main factor in monsoon dynamics) which makes the monsoon predictability erratic is not expected to add much uncertainty in the prediction system due to the substantial reduction in the greenhouse gas emissions. Implies, may be an upper hand for potential predictive models in the line. Recall that model ability to predict the SW monsoon is higher with initial conditions been used for the month of Feb., March, April (this years these are main lockdown month in the world when atmosphere is not invaded by atmospheric gases) than months closer to the SW monsoon. On other side, can be also be test bed for the models have near accurate long rage forecasting tendency with early months (as mentioned above) initial conditions.
Over all it may be also be manifested that NATURE can be predicted correctly if it is not disturbed. BUT if we keep on disturbing it then predictability may not be that easy and precise.
If yes, then "Commendations" to the accurate predictability of the monsoon system will be higher this year, I think. Good! This may also considered because of Nature natural tendency is higher this year apart from having well resolved and improved interannual and climate systems predictability aspects in the modelling systems, etc...
Nature is in NATURAL swing. Enjoy and try to be safe! But we should also be ready for the monsoon system predictability in the times to come or years to come when emissions will again be dumped in the earth system. It will certainly obstruct the prediction realities. Consistency is the accuracy in the prediction should be addressed responsibly.
What’s your take on that!
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I think yes.
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Dear colleagues,
I would like to create a repository with documents, reports and scientific articles that speak about COVID-19 and Circular Economy. The aim is to try to draw future potential scenario, defining research questions and in general have a panoramic on the phenomenon.
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Yes, the proposal of issues for the creation of a repository with documents, reports and scientific articles on the issues of the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic and the circular economy is a very good idea. The issue of connecting the key issues of the Coronavirus pandemic and the circular economy is an important and developmental topic. The Coronavirus pandemic, due to the economic recession triggered in 2020, created the conditions for the pro-environmental transformation of the classic growth, brown economy of excess into a sustainable, green, zero-emission economy of zero growth and a closed loop. Restrictions in the provision of services caused by the introduction of lockdowns and recommended home quarantine, the decline in production caused by intermittent international supply and supply chains, etc. occurred most strongly during the first wave of the pandemic. A significant reduction in the scale of economic activity in many companies and enterprises in the second quarter of 2020 also resulted in a reduction in the level of environmental pollution and in some economic areas and urban agglomerations. During this period, reductions in greenhouse gas emissions could also be recorded. However, the scale of the decline in environmental pollution and greenhouse gas emissions was too short-lived and too small to slow the global warming process. Therefore, during the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic, there were opportunities to significantly accelerate the process of pro-environmental transformation of the economy, increase the scale of implementation of sustainable development goals in companies and enterprises, increase the level of general social pro-environmental awareness of citizens, carry out a pro-ecological transformation of the sector energy, development of electromobility, etc. However, as part of the interventionist, anti-crisis public aid programs for companies and enterprises launched from March 2020, pro-environmental objectives were not taken into account. As part of the anti-crisis state interventionism, and costly programs of financial support for business with funds from the state finance system, the pro-environmental state intervention has been forgotten. Therefore, the anti-crisis measures of the socio-economic policy ignored threats to the development of civilization that are even greater than the pandemic, which are the accelerating process of global warming and the growing risk of a global climate catastrophe in the next several dozen years. During the pandemic, many companies and enterprises decided to carry out recovery and development restructuring processes, improve the economic efficiency of their business, optimize the use of limited resources, etc. Unfortunately, due to the lack of pro-environmental state intervention, few business entities decided to take real steps in the field of pro-environmental reforms. Some companies, enterprises and financial institutions, noticing the growing pro-environmental awareness of society, add the issues of sustainability, implementation of the goals of sustainable development, pro-ecological, green economic activity, environmental social responsibility, principles of circular economy to advertising campaigns presenting the entity's product and service offer and promoting the mission and strategy companies, enterprises, financial institutions, etc. However, the scale of actually implemented pro-environmental activities in business is often much smaller than the image of these activities presented in advertising campaigns. Therefore, during the pandemic, there were opportunities for an interventionist, pro-environmental transformation of the classical economy into a sustainable circular economy. The possibilities that arose in this matter during the Coronavirus pandemic, unfortunately, have not been used.
Best wishes,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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I am doing a comparative LCA study between different roads in EU and I am looking for data related to machines used during (for instance: laying the pavement, etc.) the construction and maintenance phase of the road ( ex. per 1m2 or 1 km of road).
Thanks!!
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For LCA, i have been used various softwares such as SimaPro, GaBi and OpenLCA. You can get different datasets.
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I'm looking for any smart villages aplications in your country. I'm interested in examples that involve the enviroment, agricultural, society and technology. I would be grateful for any input.
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Hello Professor Slawomir,
Kindly find this from Kenya
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What are the side-effects of drinking bottled or RO water for the long-term , say 10-20 years of time. How to escape or avoid with such challenges scientifically ?
What are Health effects ?
How it effects sustainability ?
Is there any study on growth impacts ?
What about energy and environment ?
Can we replace it with rain water harvesting ?
What is the use of waste water generated ?
How it impacts the ecology and environment ?
How it impacts the water table and local economy ?
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El agua es muy importante para la vida, pero de hecho se están investigando posibles efectos secundarios. Es cierto que al hervir el agua esta hace una base blanca en el fondo llamada magnesia que es perjudicial para el organismo humano.
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environmental sustainability can be achieved by controlling oxidation and reduction reaction in soil that release different gasses in the environemnt.
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I feel you may get some notion here
Agricultura 16: No 1-2: 35-42(2019) https://doi.org/10.18690/agricultura.16.1-2.35-42.2019
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In English:
I am part of a research group focused on the study of teaching methods aimed at fostering sustainable societies. For the future we aim to focus on some core issues that we believe are fundamental for the advancement of these forms of education in Brazil and worldwide, namely: Discuss the relationships between environmental education, sustainability education and citizenship education and try to identify the similarities and differences of their proposals. Our initial hypothesis is that citizenship education perhaps satisfactorily embraces the postulates and principles of the other two pedagogies and can thus be understood as one of the most holistic and comprehensive forms of human education. What do you think?
Em português:
Faço parte de um grupo de pesquisa focado no estudo de formas de ensino voltadas ao fomento de sociedades sustentáveis. Para o futuro almejamos enfocar algumas questões centrais que acreditamos ser fundamentais para o avanço dessas formas de ensino no Brasil e no mundo, quais sejam: Discutir as relações entre a educação ambiental, a educação para a sustentabilidade e a educação para a cidadania e tentar identificar as similaridades e diferenças de suas propostas. A nossa hipótese inicial é de que a educação para a cidadania talvez abarque satisfatoriamente os postulados e princípios das outras duas pedagogias e assim pudesse ser compreendida como uma das formas de educação humana mais holística e abrangente. O que você acha?
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Environmental education, environmental education, education on the principles and goals of sustainable development, education on the pro-environmental transformation of the classic economy towards a sustainable, green circular economy concerns closely related and overlapping or complementary issues. On the other hand, pro-environmental civic education, shaping the general social pro-ecological awareness, social pro-environmental responsibility is a derivative of environmental education and social media campaigns organized by non-governmental institutions, government agencies, ministries of the environment, social organizations, social associations of citizens, enterprises, companies, etc. Moreover, more and more companies, enterprises, corporations, financial institutions add to their mission and development strategy the implementation of specific sustainable development goals. Then, in advertising campaigns, by presenting their product and service offers, they also indicate pro-environmental aspects that have been added to the long-term mission and development strategy defined for the perspective.
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Are there any standard analytical methods for CS2 detection at such high concentrations?
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I think you can use air server – thermal desorber – gas chromatography – sulfur chemiluminescence detector (AS-TD-GC-SCD). With this analytical method, samples can be collected directly to sample bags and TD auto-sampling method can be setup to collect different volume of sample from the sampling bag. For high concentration sample analysis, the system should be flushed properly after each analysis to avoid contamination.
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There seems to be interest in circular economy thinking of the type production-consumption-externality such as produce-use-recycle or firm-consumer-pollution cost, which means this thinking is still business as usual thinking, but with a plus.
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The Brundtland commission (1987) wanted us to go beyond business as usual to properly address the environmental crisis, which Rio plus 20 conference (UNCSD 2012) took to be to shift to green economy thinking, which would lead us to think that by this time end of 2019 those heavily involved in RIO + 20 2012 should have by now a sound and accepted idea of circular green market economy thinking....But that seems not to be the case.. .and curiosity in my mind is why not?
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It looks to me that academic attention since 2012 has been misplaced and given to a non-green circular process, which raises the question posted above: Circular economy thinking vrs circular green economy thinking, which type of thinking should be now the priority, if not the rule in the face of the environmental crisis?
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What do you think? I am interested in the views/ideas of the participants not on views/ideas of third parties.
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Wish an excellent new year to all!
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Green Circular Economy.
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How to develop environmental indicators that farmers can practically use to assess the benefits of reducing nitrogen fertilisation?
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Nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) is just one indicator.
Environmental sustainability requires a combination of multiple indicators to make a reasonable evaluation.
It takes at least 3 years of field trials to show how good the effect of reducing nitrogen fertilisation is.
In addition to NUE, the main evaluation indicators mainly include whether the yield and quality of crops have declined during these years? Has the soil's nitrogen supply capacity been exhausted?
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The importance of making conscious efforts towards successfully integrating and the adopting the CE model by every nation across globe cannot be over-emphasized.
From the Covid-19 perspective, the pandemic brought about several changes which affected most nations of the world particularly countries that depends solely on the importation of raw material for production. Several manufacturing companies folded up while others had to downsize their workers due to unsustainability. However, countries & firms which already adopted the CE model (reusing, remanufactiring and recycling) thrived better.
What are your thoughts about the CE model and how has the adoption of this business model contributed positively or negatively to homes, firms or countries most especially during the pandemic.
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Hi Busayomi,
Circular Economy is certainly a powerful model that can support a transition towards a sustainable state. However, it is important to recognize that CE is not the goal in itself. Instead, it is a means to achieve sustainability. As such, CE strategies can help moving towards sustainability, when applied in the right contexts and in the right way, but it is not always the optimal solution. For example, it is sometimes better to completely re-think a product or solution or to substitute a certain material, instead of only thriving for circularity in socio-technical systems. You may want to look at the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD), see link below, which highlights the importance of a long-term strategic perspective based on backcasting from basic principles for sustainability. The use of CE strategies can then be guided to make sure that they are applied in a way that really contributes to sustainable development.
Here is the link to one central paper:
Hope that is helpful.
Take care.
Jesko
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Dear All Researchers and Engineers,
We are organizing an International Symposium on Construction Resources for Environmentally Sustainable Technologies (CREST) during 10-12 March, 2020. On behalf of the chairman Prof. Hemanta Hazarika, we would like to invite all those interested in participating in the event. Please send your abstracts and papers, which will be published by Springer.
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Hi dear Divyesh.
Today, the growing need of society for buildings and housing, the need to use new building systems and materials to increase the speed of construction, lightening, increase useful life and earthquake resistance of buildings has become more and more. In this regard, upgrading the scientific and professional level of the engineering community and familiarity with new systems and building materials in order to apply these systems, is inevitable. Solving problems such as long construction time, low useful life or high cost of construction of buildings in the housing sector requires the provision of solutions for practical use of new building systems and new building materials to reduce weight, reduce construction time, more durability and ultimately reduce costs. Is run. These measures are considered essential for sustainable development. Also, in the long run, these efforts will reduce the waste of construction materials and consequently meet environmental needs, optimize construction, increase housing production and achieve optimal operating conditions. On the other hand, such developments will lead to the expansion of infrastructure investments in the housing sector, especially by the private sector, which will help governments achieve their housing goals.
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This is the main inquiry question for my PhD studies. I'm asking it with the geographic particularity because of the need for ecoliteracy to be sensitive to bioregions and cultural differences. Your ideas are welcome!
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Teeka Bhattarai Children do learn from doing. Children love to do real and meaningful things. Children like to do things that might make a difference. John Dewey and Evelyn Dewey mentions Marietta Johnson in their book "Schools of To-morrow". This is a very old book (1915) with great ideas that seem new even today. You will find it free online. Also the book they recommend, "Thirty years with an idea" written by Mariette Johnson, have ideas that would suit your thinking.
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I have life cycle impact categories data based on ReCiPe method but I am wondering if it is possible to use the characterization factor somehow to convert the data according to CML.
Thanks!
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ReCiPe, a method developed in 2008 between universities is to transform long list of life cycle inventory into limited number of indicator scores. These indicator scores express relative severity on environmental impact category. It is determined at two levels – 18 midpoint indicators and 3 endpoint indicators. Each of them include factors to three cultural perspectives – Individualist; Hierarchist and Eglitarian (long term). The major disadvantage of this method is that it does not include future impacts as it is presumed to be already incorporated.
CML 2001 restricts quantitative modelling to early stages in the cause-effect chain to limit uncertainties. Results are grouped in midpoint categories according to common mechanisms (e.g. climate change) or commonly accepted groupings (e.g. ecotoxicity). CML 2001 is developed by the Institute of Environmental Sciences, Leiden University, Normalisation factors for CML 2001 are available for EU and the World. The normalisation factors are calculated via total substance emissions and characterisation factors per substance, and are hence following the substance level updates as described.
Since the objectives and factors considered are different, it will not be wise to convert as it would lose the entire theme of interpretation.
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Banks can play a significant role in sustainability development towards setting the target of sustainable finance roadmap to lead the transformation towards a sustainable green economy by achieving the transition to net-zero carbon emission and drive an environmentally sustainable green economy.
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By providing banking facilities to the businesses which ensure the ecological sustainability and do not damage the environment.
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Hello,
I am wondering if anyone can conduct an ESIA study or does it have to be a person with specific credentials. Does it also have to be certified. If yes, what certifications are available.
Thanks a lot!
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EIA includes a chapter on Socioeconomics which covers baseline, impact and mitigation due to the project. The Management Plan of EIA is supposed to include the actions desired to improve social status around the project when it comes up.
SIA, similar to EIA is different from 'Socioeconomics' in the sense that it is a detailed evaluation of social status both current, impact due to proposed activity, suggested mitigation as well. More importantly, the management plan here should be elaborate addressing specific action by the project authorities.
Both the exercises goes through the 'Country's Regulation' process prior to approval of the said activity.
There are EIA consultants who include Socioeconomics expert in their team to take care of EIA requirement. However, there are special agencies like, Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS), India who specialise in SIA.
Hope this meets your requirement.
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Planet Earth inclusive of humanity is facing the unprecedented twin crisis of global warming and climate change which are impacting all systems and sectors transgressing all boundaries. There are two main approaches: mitigation and adaptation. Mitigation for preventing greenhouse gases to build up in the atmosphere by curtailing its release at the source as well as by enhancing GHG sink. The second strategy involves measures for living with the climatic changes. A balanced mix of multiprong measures is to be taken from individual to institutional levels, from local, regional to global scale.
All the researchers, thinkers and RG friends are invited to take part in this important discussion with your insightful views and useful literature about the state of the art of mitigation and adaptive strategies - both traditional ecological knowledge and modern tools and technologies.
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14 May MMXXI
This thinking was already stated forty years ago and no one heeded the warning.
Now, we are to believe we can alter the horrific course we have chosen for our planet!
Stop dreaming.
Cordially...
ASJ
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Despite green market thinking being here formally since 2012 Rio +20 conference finding a definition of a true green market is hard to find even in major publications dealing with green growth and green economies…the term green market a kind of disappeared as we moved towards an environmentally friendly world after 2012, and because it was left unattended in development and economic thinking circles this has led since then to confusion and misused of the term.
Many forms of environmentally friendly markets are called green markets, when they are not. For example, a Google search of what is a green market leads to the following definition in Wikipedia:
--The term "green market" refers to the fact that the resold goods are put back into productive use, which is the most environmentally friendly use of used or discontinued products--
But that is a definition of one type of environmentally friendly market, but that is not the definition of a green market. And this lead to the questions, what is a green market? What is not a green market?. Please feel free to comment, what do you think a green market is and/or what it is not; and why?
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In my modest opinion, green markets are markets where products and services that are less harmful to the environment or derived from the sustainable use of natural resources are traded. They are specialized in the use of goods and services that promote the sustainable use and conservation of natural resources. These markets Colombia has great potential due to its large amount of resources that can be used in a sustainable way and the possibilities of environmental improvement in different sectors.
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Even here in Canada they are saying that climate action is a science based action as a promoting slogan for change, but if science based climate action is implemented through non-science based markets is not that a problem?.  UNCSD 2012 / Rio +20 in the Future We Want formalized a paradigm shift from the traditional market to green markets/green growth/green economy but instead of moving towards creating green markets by internalizing the environmental externality in the price mechanism of the traditional market to shift to green markets they are fast moving into creating carbon pricing based markets to continue treating environmental issues as they were in the traditional market still as externalities….
Carbon pricing based markets are dwarf green markets as they do not reflect perfect green market theory and they are unconnected to the green market price….Does not a science based climate action requires a science based market?. If yes, carbon pricing is not the way to go as they are not green markets and we are supposed to have shifted towards green markets in 2012, why are we going that way? Does the shift to green markets in 2012 made the scientific method and perfect green market theory irrelevant?
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I believe that this publication that I put for your consideration is very up-to-date and pertinent in the context of this discussion. I recommend it.
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Think about it just for a positive exchange of ideas, shifting to a world under green markets leaves the traditional market knowledge base behind creating green market paradigm shift knowledge gaps in need of fixing or of new ideas, and this includes the concept of economic efficiency a la pareto. And this leads to the question, why is Pareto efficient in traditional markets neither green Pareto inefficient in green markets? Any ideas/thoughts?
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In my modest perception, Pareto's Law describes that with only 20 percent of the overall effort, 80 percent of the performance can be achieved. At 80 percent work, the remaining 20 percent success takes the most effort. That is why it is also known as the 80/20 Rule. Pareto's law in a perfectly pro-ecological economy, in a totally sustainable economy formed according to the concept of green and circular economy, either they do not work at all or they work in a very limited way.
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Dated: 24-June-2020
Why “roadblocks are often been overlooked by forecasters” before moving to the “prediction system (PS)”? Can it (PS) be considered a sustainable in the long term?
Now a days most of the forecasting agencies in India are busy in giving seasonal weather forecast (regional) including extremes and making it instantly available on the net. Many are in race of launching new portal to do so without comprehension of the predictability charade. Mostly been done using numerical modelling systems without exploring (disclosing) the some main factor which are essentially are the roadblocks in predictability.
I think, correcting spatial bias via embedded station data network should not only be the focus, though it will be a help but not sustainable solution. Why main problem lies been often overlooked before moving to PS? For example- intraseasonal variability (main roadblock to the predictability) is not well resolved in GFS forecasting model (or alike other models) and these oftenly used by the forecaster as an input data to their chosen prediction model. My question is, if unresolved or inadequate in specific sense (exam.- not having tendency to reproduce intraseasonal signals) inputs goes into the main predictive model then how sustainable will be the forecast in the long run. I feel, to do any less may result in prediction unsustainable. Surely, it may results in few right prediction and leads to self-acclaimed commendations but in longer run chances of failure in prediction will be higher. In terse, these prediction will have no substantial value in the long term.
For example – in a year when these charade processes will be predominant, forecast will be failure and it leads to socio-economic loss and setback to forecasting organizations. In general it will then, as usual, follow with post-mortem which will again highlights the need in the improvement of microphysics, intraseasonal signals variability, lead lag relationship, issues associated to AWS, standards rules or norms, installations, implementations policies, and money etc. aspects and in some cases probably leads to blame game to defend the failure. Remember, these reasoning to defend the prediction sometimes makes other agency competitive and robust. Healthy criticism can substitute constructiveness. I think, scientific failure must be constructively accepted to explore afresh scientific causes behind instead politicization.
If such things continue then it will be followed with actions such as --- Despondent with exiting forecast, Govt. decided to search for new options, leaving or updating the existing.
I think, Obliviousness should not a substitute for decisive forecasting. Forecasters must ensure that all roadblock are properly addressed or informed properly to tackle forecasting related failures and contingency. The truth must not left to postmortem and implications of the words.
Best,
Vaid, B. H.
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In 2012 we moved from traditional market thinking to green market thinking, but we are still trying to address the environmental crisis from outside green market thinking. What about for example, perfect green market competition?....Has anybody thought about it?. I have.
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Dear Lucio,
This topic will probably always be relevant, at least for the next several dozen years. Some kind of precursor concepts of what you called green market thinking and I refer to it as a green social market economy or a sustainable green circular economy appeared earlier, at the end of the 20th century, but it was ignored. Only in the last few years, the topic of sustainable, green circular economy has become one of the important topics undertaken not only by scientists and researchers, but also it is a topic of debates and discussions in the context of the development of applied environmental policies, adapting enterprises to the principles of pro-ecological policy, to increasing the possibilities of achieving the goals of sustainable development, implementing green technologies and eco-innovations. However, these large-scale processes will not be self-realized as an objective process. It is necessary to increase the scale of pro-environmental state interventionism. Enterprises without external pressure will not decide on their own pro-ecological reforms and green transformations, because it involves additional costs and / or investments and a change in the profile of the product and service offer addressed to citizens. Therefore, the pro-environmental, general social awareness of citizens must also increase, so that pro-ecological offers are chosen more often than non-ecological ones. Unfortunately, the opposite is usually the case, as green product and / or service offers tend to be more expensive than non-green ones. It should be otherwise. For the opposite to be the case, it is necessary to increase the scale of pro-environmental state interventionism. In view of the above, a pro-social and pro-environmental economic system defined as a green social market economy or a sustainable, circular green economy will not be created by itself in the process of objective development of market structures. It is necessary to constantly and gradually increase the scale of pro-ecological state interventionism and the general social pro-environmental awareness of citizens.
Greetings, Have a nice day, Stay healthy!
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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If there are sustainability gaps, then there are market illusions as well as broken circular economic structures.
Hence there is a market illusion associated with red socialism/Karl Marx and with pure capitalism/Adam Smith as each of these models has specific sustainability gaps embedded in them.
Can you see these market illusions, the red socialism market illusion and the pure capitalism market illusion?
Please provide your own views on the question, I will appreciate that.
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Dear Lucio,
Yes, in its pure form, 100%. in terms of both models, neither of them ever existed and never really exists. There was and there is no real economy that would be 100 percent. socialist (according to the theory of Karol Marx) and there is no real economy that would be 100 percent market economy (according to Adam Smith's theory). while the currently existing economies mostly represent different formulas of the model of the social market economy as a mixed economy, i.e. containing specific private and public sectors related to each other in various configurations, market issues with central planning, market structures and public institutions, commercial economic entities and shaped and the socio-economic pol