Science topic

Environmental Studies - Science topic

Explore the latest questions and answers in Environmental Studies, and find Environmental Studies experts.
Questions related to Environmental Studies
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
6 answers
Dear Experts,
Although I have started to learn some techniques related to meta-analysis article, I am not sure what are the key principles or tips about choosing topics. I humbly invite experts to discuss topics about meta-analysis in social science. What are the principles researchers should know before start writing? What are the tips in choosing topic (how to choose a meaningful topic that can make contribution)? What is the potential of meta-analysis in future scholarship development and theoretical contribution?
Best regards,
Thanks
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Siwei Sun,
Take a look at some auxiliary info:
How do you tell if a paper is a meta-analysis?
Within the Publication Type search box, scroll down until you see Meta-Analysis. High light Meta-Analysis by clicking on it, and then continue scrolling until you see “Systematic Review.” Hold down the “Ctrl” key on a PC, or the "Command" key on a Mac and click “Systematic Review”.
How many studies do you need for a meta-analysis?
two studies
Finally, the authors take up the question "How many studies do you need to do a meta-analysis?" and show that, given the need for a conclusion, the answer is "two studies," because all other synthesis techniques are less transparent and/or are less likely to be valid.
What data do I need for a meta-analysis?
The two summary statistics commonly used for meta-analysis of continuous data are the mean difference (MD) and the standardized mean difference (SMD). Other options are available, such as the ratio of means.
When would researchers choose to conduct a meta-analysis?
If we are working with a fixed-effect model, then it makes sense to perform a meta- analysis as soon as we have two studies, since a summary based on two or more studies yields a more precise estimate of the true effect than either study alone.
_____
_____
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
10 answers
It seems that 'the social sciences' has a clearly defined core of disciplines - sociology, politics, anthropology - but is rather fuzzy at the edges. I'm trying to get my head around the concept, recognising that it is fluid and fluctuates historically. I wonder if the humanities, in so far as they study human society, are also social sciences? Are history of science and philosophy of science also social sciences? And does the opposition between 'social sciences' and 'natural sciences' hold since the natural sciences involve socially and culturally situated activities? In addition, interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary fields such as environmental studies and pandemic studies seem to transcend these categories. I would love to hear your views.
Relevant answer
Answer
Social sciences entail individuals' life stories and their interactions with other individuals. Definitely, social sciences can include sociology, anthropology, and political sciences, among others but, the key points are how individuals' ideologies can be measured scientifically. Thus, social scientists ask questions and information gathered from specific individuals, to generalize specific subjects they have in mind.
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
30 answers
Research within the environmental science is pretty interesting and practical in nature. The journals focusing on environmental studies often have very high impact factor compared to other journals in social sciences. What is the secret?
Relevant answer
Answer
You are most welcome dear Mohammad Razib Hossain
Wish you the best always.
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
4 answers
With continued cutbacks in funding for undergraduate education as well as increasing overheads, we're struggling to maintain the course quality. A lot of time by the teaching staff is being spent on correcting classic, written exams.
Relevant answer
Answer
I think this can be done by making a variety of questions that contain substantive paragraphs of various kinds, as well as article paragraphs of various kinds
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
9 answers
looking to investigate how context affect/influence the practice of SEA.
Relevant answer
Answer
see:
Fischer, T. B.2005. Having an impact? – Context elements for effective SEA application in transport policy, plan and programme making, Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management 7(3): 407-432.
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
11 answers
Hello,
I am wondering if anyone can conduct an ESIA study or does it have to be a person with specific credentials. Does it also have to be certified. If yes, what certifications are available.
Thanks a lot!
Relevant answer
Answer
EIA includes a chapter on Socioeconomics which covers baseline, impact and mitigation due to the project. The Management Plan of EIA is supposed to include the actions desired to improve social status around the project when it comes up.
SIA, similar to EIA is different from 'Socioeconomics' in the sense that it is a detailed evaluation of social status both current, impact due to proposed activity, suggested mitigation as well. More importantly, the management plan here should be elaborate addressing specific action by the project authorities.
Both the exercises goes through the 'Country's Regulation' process prior to approval of the said activity.
There are EIA consultants who include Socioeconomics expert in their team to take care of EIA requirement. However, there are special agencies like, Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS), India who specialise in SIA.
Hope this meets your requirement.
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
6 answers
Dear friends
I would like to ask you about the most reliable and reputable bibliographic indices and databases in your field.
For me as a biomedical researcher, the Pubmed database is the best database to search for an article. Can you give me the best database in for example: Environmental studies, Agriculture, Astronomy, Geology, Materials, chemistry, etc..
I have a presentation and I want to give practical examples to the audients.
Thank you very much
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Omer, for using both of these websites, you should sign in via your institution in advance, otherwise they do not provide you with any search options. The following discussion is concerning your problem with Scopus and can help you to solve it.
The following webpage is the sign in page of Web of Science but as I told you, you should log in through your institution panel.
Good luck!
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
45 answers
Planet Earth inclusive of humanity is facing the unprecedented twin crisis of global warming and climate change which are impacting all systems and sectors transgressing all boundaries. There are two main approaches: mitigation and adaptation. Mitigation for preventing greenhouse gases to build up in the atmosphere by curtailing its release at the source as well as by enhancing GHG sink. The second strategy involves measures for living with the climatic changes. A balanced mix of multiprong measures is to be taken from individual to institutional levels, from local, regional to global scale.
All the researchers, thinkers and RG friends are invited to take part in this important discussion with your insightful views and useful literature about the state of the art of mitigation and adaptive strategies - both traditional ecological knowledge and modern tools and technologies.
Relevant answer
Answer
14 May MMXXI
This thinking was already stated forty years ago and no one heeded the warning.
Now, we are to believe we can alter the horrific course we have chosen for our planet!
Stop dreaming.
Cordially...
ASJ
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
32 answers
We know the importance of a healthy environment, and we should take all the possible measures to keep our environment healthy. Environmental education and protection are crucial for the benefit of both the environment and humans. What should be our thoughts on this in the next phase of COVID-19 pandemic destruction?
Relevant answer
Answer
Environmental education is a process that allows individuals to explore environmental issues, engage in problem solving, and take action to improve the environment. Means that environmental education is a sustainable way of environmental protection.
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
18 answers
Waste management and recycling from my view point is given very little attention in Nigeria. I went online to check list of Waste management companies in Port Harcourt where I reside and I was very disappointed. Why is this so? Is Waste management an irrelevant subject in Environmental Studies?
Relevant answer
Answer
Challenges in waste management - Nigeria are mentioned herewith in the link
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
6 answers
There is always a dynamic balance in nature, be it homeostasis in local ecosystem to the grand scale of global homeostasis. Human is interfering with the working of nature and tending to destabilizing the feedback systems. Still it can maintain the balance and resistance and resilience stability within limits. By to what extent? We have now some  estimates of certain tipping points. Does it tell the whole story? Does it take into account all the aspects of nature's structural integrity and functional diversity and stability?
Relevant answer
Answer
each one depend on the other
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
5 answers
What is the possible impact of artificial Island development on the environment?
Relevant answer
Answer
1. It hampers the local ecosystem.
2. Noise produced by the developmental works, thereby disturbs the natural habitat of aquatic organisms (Marine mammals).
3. Severe pollution will occur due to human activities.
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
16 answers
Many researcher it is recommended usage of WQPs and WQIs coupled with GIS technologies for improving comprehension of general water quality issues, communicating water quality status and illustrating the need for protective practices.
As in attachment below:
All comments are respect
Relevant answer
Answer
Yes GIS is very important for not only visualizing the water quality values in respect to their geographic context rather it is very precious tool for spatial distribution of parameters and variables.
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
8 answers
Dear researchers
I am interesting by " Numerical modelling for environmental studies" and I am looking for documentations, online courses ...I am at a beginner level so I don't know from where I can start?
I will be grateful to you if you could help me
Thank you
Relevant answer
Answer
You can follow this following book: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK233615/
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
2 answers
The de facto slogan of modern industrial man is "Heat, beat and treat" or "take, make and throw". But Mother Nature do everything in the other way, following the sustainability principles. We can borrow the ideas, be inspired and emulated by her, can collect the pearls of wisdom and reflect them in our life - in all spheres, personal, social, industrial.
Please elucidate the master principles of Nature and her "trade secrets" and discuss how we can adopt and adapt them in our sustainability journey.
Relevant answer
Answer
Agreed. Keep Mother Nature clean and happy, from the air to the sea and of course the land. Then in turn, we live Happily.
"Live, Love & Learn. Keeping Mother Happy makes Life Happy."
- Roots -
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
16 answers
Keenly looking suggestions about the prospect and challenges of scientific study in Heritage, Indigeneity and Folklore Studies (HIFS) at the educational institution around the world.
Relevant answer
Answer
Contrary to what we're taught, tradition is not a static thing. Times change, generations change, and what we know changes. The most stable aspect of any tradition may be its ability to change, making it able to accommodate changing times, changing generations and changing information. Otherwise, no matter how old and once revered, a tradition can disappear like a magician's bouquet, to resurface if--and only if--it becomes timely and relevant again.
If this were not true, we would all still be sacrificing animals on hilltops to reach the ears of our various gods; on the other hand, we can retain a tradition by reinterpreting it. Eighty years ago the majority of people in the USA believed that the story of Adam and Eve was the natural history of the world. Some still do. But the mainstream no longer does, and has retained the tradition by reinterpreting it as an allegory, or poetry, about the beginning of time and the fate of mortals. Where we locate the sacred realm (in the celestial dome or the womb of the earth), our aesthetics, assumptions, aspirations and animosities will shape every aspect of our expressive behavior, and every mark we leave on earth.
We have to trust people to recreate the past, interpret the present and shape the future in their own best interest--no outsider knows better what that is. To best respect tradition, we have to stand back and watch it change, and seek in those changes, the spirit and mentality of the people who generate, modify and maintain these traditions over time, free of molestation from those who purport to know better than they.
Its only when powerful outsiders interfere in the process of a peoples' own strategic and creative changes in tradition, or try to take over; to guide, shape, change, or prevent change in tradition, that harm is done. Instead, stand by. Watch. And learn. Speak out when powerful interests try to take over a peoples' traditions to suit their own interests and agendas. Then let life happen, let tradition adjust, and learn what we can from the changes. Some things will inevitably be lost, yes--but some will always be gained. Watching and learning would be us at our most respectful and creative. If it seems an imperfect solution, its still most likely the best we can do.
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
6 answers
Probiotics are working of life (living organisms, esp. bacteria) for life, by life and in life's suitable niche. They favour friends and ward off enemies, boosts immunity, maintain balance of the microbiome in gut. We can find its wide applications in the field of aquaculture.
You all please present probiotics' application in diverse fields of environmental management in tackling pollutants and toxicants. Discuss in detail and share relevant resources about how they act to fulfill the goal
Relevant answer
Answer
Probiotics are very useful in all fields of research. it is proven that some species of lactobacillus bacteria have the potential to absorb heavy metals from the water and make it useful. in addition to cleansing and purification of water, there are many practical applications of these probiotics in aquaculture and phytoremediation. probiotics are also involved in sanitizing the hospital surfaces and disinfecting them.
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
6 answers
Just curious to know your views on Candidatus Phyla.
Metagenomic sequencing reveals very high abundance of Candidatus Phyla (more than 50%). Tried searching articles but not getting prominent answers.
What does it indicate about that environment?
Have you all seen such dominance of these Phyla in any environment? Have you all come across any such environmental studies?
Share your experiences and knowledge about this group.
I am really interested about this topic.
keywords: metagenome, microbiome, phylum
Relevant answer
Answer
Bruno Andrade No I did not use any other softwares. I have used MG-RAST, however, did not use it's classification data.
Since, you are computational biologists, can I ask you for a favour?
I actually use nanopore for sequencing. From past few months, I was looking to assemble genomes from long metagenomic reads generated in nanopore sequencing.
Can you suggest me tools/workflow/articles, which might be useful in assembling nanopore metagenomic reads in to high quality MAGs.
I have not come across any studies that solely uses nanopore sequenced reads (only illumina or hybrid)
It would be of great help.
Thanks in advance !!!!
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
37 answers
Climate change, including global warming, are some of the biggest challenges facing humankind today. Human activities are mostly responsible for global warming because of their role in increasing greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and fluorocarbons), a heat trapper in the atmosphere. Among the mentioned gases, carbon dioxide is most devastating in terms of the global warming scenario. The Earth’s surface temperature has warmed in the last 100 years, and there is no credible hypothesis for this, other than the net effect of greenhouse gases (especially CO2).
Keeping the average rise of global temperature below 2oC (whereas concentration level CO2, lower than 550ppm) has become the focus of international efforts formed notable in the Copenhagen climate change conference (2009). And indeed, since then, we are seeing the room to tackle the global warming issue by promoting a dialogue based on policies and strategies, including adaptation, mitigation, and sustainable growth perception through the use of renewable resources for the well-being of humanity. The former statement on tackling the climate is reasonably fine and considered as the sustainable way to handle the global warming issue. But you might have noticed that there are several shortcomings in the way (for example- the world political leaders cum the policy makers have their own probable constraints and visualization) of sustainable growth based on policies and strategies. We cannot rely idea which country is doing good and which is not in holding the promise to curb CO2 and including many other such concomitant factors associated with policy making.
Keeping this as a base I suggest if we may share our views on the possible scientific approach to reduce dangerous anthropogenic (CO2) in the atmosphere other than that based on policies and strategies encompassing adaptation, mitigation, and sustainable growth (an incessant constructive growth) through the use of renewable resources. May you all please think about it and write down the likely scientific possibilities (a way to handle the problem scientifically rather than policy making) and suggestions to curb CO2.
Happy World Environment Day (05 June).
Best wishes,
Vaid, B. H.
Relevant answer
Answer
*Surely, this will be @ co2 release but not co2 impede; if not executed in controlled necessarily framework line.*
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
8 answers
- Give me the free charge Pubications of Scopus indexed journals related to Environmental Studies or Environmental Science without opening one by one of the journals?
- Would you please mention the free journals of publications that published more than 4-6 times/year?
- would you please mention the journals that publised regularly and can be seen anytime the website?
Relevant answer
Answer
Easiest process is:
  • Go to Google Scholar and search for what you are interested in
  • Many of the papers that subsequently appear have links to downloadable pdfs
  • Nearly all the rest have abstracts with authors' emails
  • Nearly all authors will send you a copy of their paper ... they are mostly pleased that someone is interested in their work.
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
3 answers
3. Are there any ethical rules for environmental studies at the international level? If so, I would like to have these documents.
Relevant answer
Answer
It must be ethical rules for the environ, too. It is a part of the spectrum of our life.
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
23 answers
Dear Researches,
I am wondering if you can help me please and if you know good journals that indexed in Scopus and publish review papers with short time as I need it for one of my master students. I will be very thankful if the journal give us the first acceptance within short time let us say couple of weeks or so.
Best wishes,
Dr. Zainab Talib AL-Sharify
PhD chemical engineering
Lecturer at Environmental Engineering department
University of Al-Mustansiriya, Baghdad, Iraq
Academic visitor Chemical Engineering
University of Birmingham, United Kingdom.
Editor Journal of Engineering and Sustainable Development
Editor: Journal of Environmental Studies (JES
(Iraq) 009647740584539
Relevant answer
Answer
Environmental Science & Technology
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
6 answers
Please who has the statutory instruments and sectoral guidelines (of any country) for the following procedures: Environmental impact assessment, Health impact assessment, Social impact assessment, Strategic environmental assessment, Renewable energy and Biophysical EIA? Thanks.
Relevant answer
Peter, if you are asking for these materials in respect of the Nigerian EIA, go the Federal Ministry of Environment website at https://ead.gov.ng/environmental-guidelines-revision/ and downloag these stratutory instruments etc.
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
2 answers
I am a professor and researcher in the field of environmental studies from Tabriz University of Iran. Recently, a contract between Iran and Germany has been signed for a joint research project. Based on this, I have prepared a research proposal regarding the environmental impacts of drying Lake Urmia in Iran. Given that one of the conditions for this joint project is the collaboration of German and Iranian scholars, I will be grateful if a researcher from one of the universities in Germany decides to work with me. She/he could kindly announce this to me, and that the rest of the process will be done afterwards.
Thanks
Relevant answer
Answer
Thanks very much.
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
3 answers
Please can i get research proposal sample for Masters of art in geography and environmental studies specially on urban povert
Relevant answer
Answer
You would be wise to look at the work of artist Flora Parrott who is undertaking a PhD at Royal Holloway under Professor Harriet Hawkins who is a geographer. Their work together is a great example of how the two disciplines collide.
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
33 answers
In your opinion and based on your experiences, what is the best programming language for environmental studies and modeling (e.g. climatology, hydrology, etc.)?
Relevant answer
Answer
I'd say Python and R. Python when you wanna deal with hydrological models (e.g. CMF a very flexible, open source model). R is very useful with long term time series and you can work in several dimensions (time + 3D spatial data).
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
4 answers
I am working on environmental babaseline studies on a soil creep environment in Nigeria. I am dividing the work into 3
1- Geotechnical analysis of the soil
2-- Application of hazard and vulnerability analysis on this hazards prone area
3- The environmental and socioeconomic impacts on the residents
Please I need scientific directions on how to go about it.
Thanks
Relevant answer
Answer
Hi Johnson, this paper on research gate would provide some underpins to your research. https://www.researchgate.net/.../230504947_Soil_creep_Problems_raised_by_a_23_year...
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
4 answers
lemnology studies.
heavy metal studies
bacteriology studies
Relevant answer
Answer
Hi, definitely,
Seasonal Variations of Some Ecological Parameters in
Tigris River Water at Baghdad Region, Iraq
doi:10.4236/jwarp.2011.34033
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
3 answers
As I am writing the chapters of a book manuscript, I am interested in getting feedback of each chapter. This book is on the three environmental movements of India--chipko, NBA (Narmada Bacchao Andolan) and Navdanya. I am writing the second chapter right now on the NBA and I am interested in getting feedback on this chapter. My Ph.D is in Philosophy and my research interest is in the interdisciplinary area of environmental studies, women's studies and peace studies. Thnaks.
Relevant answer
Answer
Thanks to both of you for your response. I am not ready with the draft of the chapter yet but will be ready in another 2 - 3 weeks and will upload it, as you suggest, Roland.
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
3 answers
I am interested in environmental studies, such as air quality and vehicle emission modeling, so I want to be more involve in QGIS applications focus on these topics.
Relevant answer
Answer
Both topics you mention are mostly observable as continous phenomena at the earth's surface, ranging over wide areas. It is therefore hard to model their presence as discretized vector objects. Therefore, raster data is probably the better choice for a data model in your analyses.
In order to detect, measure or model air quality or pollution, remote sensing imagery could be one starting point. A very nice interface between QGIS and remote sensing is the semi-automatic classification plugin (SCP) developed by Luca Congedo: https://www.researchgate.net/project/Semi-Automatic-Classification-Plugin
It is integrated as an external plugin and offers numerous tools do search, download, process and classify satellite imagery. It has an excellent homepage with manuals, tutorials and videos which help you to learn how to use it: https://fromgistors.blogspot.com/p/semi-automatic-classification-plugin.html
Additonally, you can ask specific questions and discuss ideas with other users in a facebook group in case you are stuck at a certain point: https://www.facebook.com/groups/SemiAutomaticClassificationPlugin/
As for data, medium resolution imagery such as MODIS or Sentinel-3 offer images at high temporal invervals (up to daily) and the respective wavelengths which are revealing information on air quality.
See this overview of NASA on remote sensing and air parameters: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/earth-observation-data/near-real-time/hazards-and-disasters/air-quality.
There are already many studies showing the potential of these data regarding air quality:
Once you have prepared your data on air quality, the TUFLOW plugin for QGIS might be interesting to you:
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
4 answers
I am recent graduate from lund university environmental studies and sustainability science masters program and I moved back to Accra over the summer, starting work at a start up sustainability consultancy. We involve ourselves with projects from renewable energy to waste management across the urban environ. For me personally I want to build a working and smart green economy in Accra which utilizes the resources available and finds innovative ways to bu on the system currently operating. understanding green urban projects like your own is hopefully what will be my bread and butter.
hope to hear from you soon.
Relevant answer
Answer
Thank you!
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
6 answers
If we put restraint in resource exploitation/use and consumerism from personal to industrial level and local to global scale we will be able to shrink our ecological footprint and can be able to manage natural resource crunch and pollution problem and would be able to live sustainably. Let's take a pledge to tread lightly on  the Earth and mother Nature.
Relevant answer
Answer
it would be nice, if we could create a world, where small is beautiful, but reality is often different. This would be great mainly for social considerations of small countries, who have increasing difficulties to cope with globalization. Not sure, if small economies / small production is environmentally more friendly. Modern factories that have huge outputs often have low environmental impacts per produced item, meaning there is also something like environmental economies of scale, even in China…..
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
4 answers
Metal nanoparticles are showing promise in tackling different problems in different domains of environment. How they can be used in aquatic ecosystems? What are different likely interactions? What may the possible toxic effects on different ecosystem components (planktons, bacteria, macrophytes and fish)? How can we track the ecotoxicological linkages? How could we manage metal nanoparticles for positive (beneficial) uses and avert the adverse/untoward consequences?
RG friends and researchers you all are welcome to participate and help to promote a sustained brainstorming on pros and cons of apllyting metal nanoparticles in aquatic systems like, ponds, lakes, rivers, etc.  
Relevant answer
Answer
The best review article on "Nanoparticles in aquatic systems". I hope this review addresses most of your questions. Here is the link to access the paper.
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
4913 answers
Sustainability and sustainable development are the catch phrases and centre-stage of all discussion in the arena of economic, environmental, social, educational activities and what not! Sustainability is the nature or property of something being sustained or that runs in perpetuity remaining same (may be dynamic stability!). On the other hand sustainable development is the development that meets the needs of the presents without compromising the ability of the future generations to meet their needs. SD satisfies the triple bottom lines (TBL) of environmental protection, economic development and social security. SD is always for people, planet and prosperity (3P), in other words, it's for environment (protection), economy (prosperity) and (social) equity (3E).
Relevant answer
Answer
This is a very interesting and important question. Sustainability seems such a  self-understandable word, yet it is usually used only to conceal one's true intentions.
For example, sustainable use of paper. Is it better to collect old paper polluting the air with trucks and then use strong chemicals and consume energy to purify and make a new (low quality!) paper and then do all this over again until the whole Earth is polluted, OR to plant trees for paper, burn old paper (and get the energy from it) and let those trees to breathe in the CO2 generated by burning the old paper in exactly the same amount required to replace old paper with new? Even a fool can see that the strategy that is counter to usually promoted "sustainable" one is in fact more sustainable.  But industry has more interest in scenario with more trucks, more gas and chemical consumption and more useless job openings to spend public money and employ politicians' families, godfathers and friends.
So I think "sustainability" is a just a buzzword that decision-makers use to excuse just any politics they want to put forward (good or bad). The word itself is often used just  as a decoration, without any true meaning. In this situation it makes little sense to define the word properly....
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
47 answers
Agricultural productivity is undoubtedly being affected by global warming and climate change. The rise in carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, associated temperature rise and rainfall have physiological effects on plant/crop growth and yield. One cannot consider single factor's effect on productivity. The interactive effects of carbondioxide enrichment, temperature rise, rainfall, soil nutrients are very complex and hard to simulate and anticipate the impacts. Again it varies from rabi to kharif, C3 to C4 plants, tropical to temperate, region to region, soil to soil, and many others. Further there are direct and indirect impacts. The issue gets more complex while considering the indirect effects of varied soil quality/nutrient status, decomsotion/mineralization, evapouration, salinization/alkalization along with the incidence and intensity of pests and pathogens which find the changing climate regime favourable for them. Coastal areas will face double jeopardy. Salt water intrusion may pose the conventional crop production before a big question! Freshwater sources will also be affected. Salinization Naturally, to ensure food security a reality the climate resilient adaptation strategies needs to be holistic and integrative in nature  taking due consideration of all of the above issues.  
Please participate in this very significant and thought-provoking brainstorming event on RG platform and contribute with your thoughts, information and knowledge, which is the ultimate resource to tackle the impending crisis.
Relevant answer
Answer
The question is far to complex to answer generally. An answer needs to specify the location, the kind of crops, and a lot more. CC is not always a challenge, at times increasing CO2 and temperatures can even improve conditions for crop growth. There has been plenty of research done on this. Also plenty of publications that provide overviews and syntheses (e.g. the IPCC reports, which direct also to relevant research).
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
10 answers
With lot of subjectivity on BD and uncertainty associated Impact Assessment methods, is their a 'most credible and reliable' method that can be easily applied for a habitat to quantify BD or perhaps loss of BD?
Relevant answer
Answer
Anjuji,
We are using habitat model and risk analysis for BD assessment in EIA. However, quantitative assessment of habitat biodiversity in practices. We use indexes of biodiversity for Species biodiversity and GIS, mathematical modeling for habitat BD. Statistical tools like t test ANNOVA, probability and correlation etc. are  best to assess biodiversity
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
18 answers
Take a stand and justify with logic and literature
Relevant answer
Answer
Sustainable development is an imprecise concept. In my book "On People and Machines"  (Amazon/Kindle) I wrote the following paragraph in that regard.
Sustainable behaviour is described as the one that meets the needs of the present people, without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs (in Dusek, p. 195). This description looks nice, but it uses elusive concepts, such as "needs" (the present and the future ones) and "compromising the abilities", so that it does not say much. It has been said that sustainable development must "balance and integrate ... social well-being, economic prosperity and environmental protection for the benefit of present and future generations" (in Lovelock, p. 3). This is not a precise discourse; it is difficult to give a precise definition of sustainable development, and without reasonable behaviour no definition will help us much. ... It seems that only a series of catastrophic events of large proportions could make people and humanity change their behaviour. A slow deterioration of climate conditions will not be enough.
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
3 answers
I am trying to compare different social assessment methods including social impact assessment (SIA), social return on investment and (SROI) and social life cycle assessment (S-LCA). If someone can help to provide some good papers to understand the critique of all these three methods.
Thanks
Relevant answer
Answer
We recently published an article in Health Promotion International which examined a bunch of SROI and SAA (Social Accounting and Audit) reports. There is a full literature review in that paper from which you can glean additional references:
Macaulay, B., Roy, M. J., Donaldson, C., Teasdale, S., & Kay, A. (2017). Conceptualizing the Health and Well-Being Impacts of Social Enterprise: A UK-Based Study. Health Promotion International. https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/dax009
There is some nice critique of SROI and social impact analysis generally by Malin Arvidson and various colleagues, including by Fergus (Lyon) and Kelly (Hall):
Arvidson, M., & Lyon, F. (2014). Social Impact Measurement and Non-profit Organisations: Compliance, Resistance, and Promotion. VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, 25(4), 869–886. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11266-013-9373-6
Arvidson, M., Lyon, F., McKay, S., & Moro, D. (2013). Valuing the Social? The Nature and Controversies of Measuring Social Return on Investment (SROI). Voluntary Sector Review, 4(1), 3–18.
Hall, K., & Arvidson, M. (2014). How Do We Know If Social Enterprise Works? Tools for Assessing Social Enterprise Performance. In S. Denny & F. Seddon (Eds.), Social Enterprise: Accountability and Evaluation around the World (pp. 141–159). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.
I think my good friend Prof Barraket (above) also has a chapter in the latter book, so it might be a useful investment.
Hope this helps!
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
7 answers
To tackle the increasing problems of draw down, depredation and degradation (pollution) of environmental resources we are trying to promote green products, green processes, green technologies, green industry. More importantly we are sensitizing people to adopt green lifestyle, green culture and green consumerism to shrink our ecological footprint and to make a peace with our Mother planet Earth. But it's easier said than done! How 'green' is green enough? How good is good enough? Please elucidate with informative thoughts, insights and illustrative inputs.
Relevant answer
Answer
Moving from environmental economics to ecological economics and strong sustainability gives a glimpse about how green we need to go and thereby need to transform our current economic system rather than treating symptoms with the same thinking we applied to create these problems in the first place. Rather than aiming at "good enough" we should first acknowledge "enough is enough" and that consumerism wont be the panacea
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
3 answers
 The multifaceted environmental challenges of resource degradation and drawdown facing humanity in the twenty first century demand a holistic, "win-win" problem solving approach by adopting down-to-earth solutions for achieving sustainable development that would satisfy the triple bottom line of 3P (people, planet and prosperity) or TBL of 3E (environment, economy and equity). We are now discovering that not all environmental problems are solvable by conventional technological means and within foreseeable nonrenewable energy limits. Employing conventional "end-of-the pipe" pollution clean-up approaches, in many ways, we are offering "temporary bandage" to ecological/environmental wounds or playing a “shell game” with pollution, solving one problem only to create another. The emerging discipline of Ecological Engineering or Ecotechnology is a paradigm shift - a response to the growing need for engineering practice for human welfare while at the same time protecting the natural environment and restoring the "bodily functions" of nature to ensure sustained flow of ecosystem goods and services. By definition, Ecological Engineering is the design of sustainable ecosystems that integrate human society with its natural environment for the benefit of both. It evolves out of an overdue alliance between engineering and ecology. With its root in ecology, this field has now matured to the point where it needs to have a prescriptive—rather than just a descriptive role to play in restoring existing disturbed or degraded ecosystems as well as designing and developing new sustainable ecosystems.  Naturally, it offers an opportunity for an acid test of our ecological understanding.
Relevant answer
Answer
I think that the text at the link below will help with the theoretical approach of your research:
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
8 answers
Mother Nature has developed all life forms, processes, methods, tools, techniques, algorithms that are time-tested and developed as a result of experiments, trials and optimization in her grand laboratory. There is no pollution, no waste, no energy crisis, no material crunch in Nature. She can offer the principles of sustainability, efficiency, sufficiency and solutions to all sorts of environmental problems that humanity is facing now and years to come.  
I expect an enriching and insightful exchange of ideas and informative resources from RG friends and researchers.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Dr kumar
we need to move beyond talking about the environment, as this leads people to experience themselves and Earth as two separate entities and to see the planet in terms only of what it can do for them.
Change is possible only if there is a recognition that people and planet are ultimately one and the same.
"You carry Mother Earth within you,"
"She is not outside of you. Mother Earth is not just your environment.
"In that insight of inter-being, it is possible to have real communication with the Earth.
In that kind of relationship you have enough love, strength and awakening in order to change your life.
"Changing is not just changing the things outside of us. First of all we need the right view that transcends all notions including of being and non-being, creator and creature, mind and spirit. That kind of insight is crucial for transformation and healing.
"The earth are two separate entities, the Earth is only the environment. You are in the center  and you want to do something for the Earth in order for you to survive. That is a dualistic way of seeing.
"So to breathe in and be aware of your body and look deeply into it and realise you are the Earth and your consciousness is also the consciousness of the earth. Not to cut the tree not to pollute the water".
The practice of mindfulness helps us to touch Mother Earth inside of the body and this practice can help heal people. So the healing of the people should go together with the healing of the Earth and this is the insight and it is possible for anyone to practice.
Best regards
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
20 answers
Instead of living within the annual interest that biophysical wealth of Nature gives us, we are using up our natural capital. We are taking more resources than Nature/Earth can provide and  throwing more wastes and pollutants than that Nature can metabolize and assimilate. What are the impacts? What future is waiting for us? What should we do for restoring our ecological balance sheet?
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Dr Kumar
There is no doubt today that a major dimension of the present multidimensional crisis, which extends to the economic, political, cultural and general social level, is the ecological crisis.  The upsetting of ecological systems, the widespread pollution, the threat to renewable resources, as well as the running out of non-renewable resources and, in general, the rapid downgrading of the environment and the quality of life have made the ecological implications of economic growth manifestly apparent in the past  years.
By contrast to the focus on wild places, relatively little attention has been paid to the built environment, although this is the one in which most people spend most of their time.Ecosystem destruction is already happening.
Humans destroy ecosystems. Our lifestyle creates pollution and we overuse our natural resources. Today,  We build roads, hunt animals, cut down trees destroying forests and just litter the planet . We waste resources that are not infinite and will soon run out, if we continue our practice.
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
4 answers
No string of my thought or personal clue is provided. Feel free to share your views and thoughts.
Relevant answer
Answer
Humanities are influence by the planets so to say planets play an important part where humanity join with the nature.It is a fact that humanities cannot ignore planets as all the 7 major planets have its influence all humanity both in the positive & negative traits .
With this humanities cannot afford to close their eyes on the nature as nature is Omni present & quite often planets & nature go hand in hand .
Human beings have to understand the influence of planets & nature initially as an observed but with the influence they have to take a right course of action so as to receive favorable environment both of planets & nature.
This is my personal opinion 
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
1 answer
est ce y a t il une mesure des indices boursiers des marchés islamiques
Relevant answer
Answer
Please write your  question in English.
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
17 answers
Dear researchers,
I am conducting a study on investigation the recyclable fraction of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW).We investigated the recyclable fractions of MSW such as PET, glass, metals, cardboard, and etc. which economic or cost-benefit analysis can be conducted to better present our findings?
I would greatly appreciate if dear researchers in the field of solid waste management could provide me with any advice or insight on this endeavor.
 
Regards,
 Ata
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Ata, 
You can consider using "Life Cycle Cost" analysis. There are also plenty of software to carry out the analysis, you can try out OpenLCA, SimaPro, or Gabi, They are mainly to conduct life cycle assessment, but these software can also calculate life cycle cost. 
Hope it helps.
Cheers,
Jimmy
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
6 answers
Open your head, heart and mind and share your thoughts on whether the carbon-based civilization is the root cause of major environmental woos and pathological symptoms of the ailing planetary health. How can we make a transition from carbon excess/ build up to carbon neutrality.
Relevant answer
Answer
No.  Carbon based civilization is not the root cause of our environmental problems; rather it is one of the symptoms.  We over-consume everything, including the environment's ability to absorb our wastes. 
We will begin to transition to low carbon after the majority of the fossil carbon has been burned - around 2060.  It will be hard - the last great transition of equal scale was the transition between horse to car.  That caused (directly or indirectly) the First World War, the Roaring 20s, the Great Depression, and to some smaller extent, the 2nd World War.  The transition from Carbon to something else will be worse, in that almost all economies will be tied directly to carbon, and the rate of change away from carbon will be greater than what many (most?) economies can adapt to.  No one will be able to provide a hand-up for those that have fallen, because all will be teetering.
The actions we take now, even if just for the excuse of Climate Change Adaptation, will soften the blow to some extent, but have no way to prevent it.  But we also have the same problem coming from soil loss, collapse of fisheries, drinking water quality and quantity, etc.  Over-consumption has forced us to have a seriously reduced rate of consumption in the future.  We can choose now what that will look like - what we will choose to do without.  If we fail to choose, the choice will be made for us.
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
8 answers
Environmental education has been introduced as compulsory subject at all levels of education from primary to graduate (college) level but often it remains as a neglected one. We hardly find any subject teacher in secondary, higher secondary schools and colleges. The very purpose has often been compromised. It is not possible for any (non-subject) teacher to impart lessons on environmental studies to the students properly. In colleges this subject remains in letters, not in spirits. Its presence can only be limited to celebration of  World Environmental Day or plantation of some saplings. Environmental sensitization, awareness or beyond that real environmental education and environmental works cannot be possible through such studies. The subject itself cannot be prospered, not even the students of Environmental Science or Environmental Management cannot be moiovated and inspired to opt for those subject as carrier options if there remains ample scope for teachers/assistant professors' positions in schools and colleges..
Relevant answer
Answer
This question should be addressed to the authorities of the Government of India that are tasked with responsibility for education, including the Department of Higher Education in the Ministry of Human Resource Development. It may be of interest to know that, coincidentally, UNESCO has just published Education for Sustainable Development Goals: Learning Objectives (2017) in recognition of the hard truth that "[e]mbarking on the path of sustainable development will require a profound transformation of how we think and act. To create a more sustainable world and to engage with sustainability-related issues as described in the SDGs, individuals must become sustainability change-makers. They require the knowledge, skills, values and attitudes that empower them to contribute to sustainable development. Education, therefore, is crucial for the achievement of sustainable development."
UNESCO's excellent and timely publication identifies learning objectives across the SDGs as well as approaches to implementing learning for the SDGs through Education for Sustainable Development (the latter section deals with integrating ESD in policies, strategies, programs, curricula, textbooks, and teacher education; delivering ESD in the classroom and other learning settings; and assessing ESD learning outcomes and the quality of ESD programs. Some will now rightly ask about next steps so Churchill's wisdom comes to mind: "It is one thing to see the forward path and another to be able to take it. But it is better to have an ambitious plan than none at all."
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
9 answers
Increased urbanization is claiming green spaces in one hand and its air, water, soil is polluted more day by day. Wastes generated are mounting at an exponential rate. Practically some cities have turned into concrete jungles,heat islands and pollution hot spot leaving little room for biodiversity. It is not an ecologically sustainable development! But we can reverse the trend by tackling pollution    problem  through urban forestry with selected plant species that would be home to hoard of biodiversity. Green urban areas would be more biodiversity-rich, aesthetically pleasing and comfortable to live in and it would be ecologically smart too.
Relevant answer
Answer
Aegle marmelos (Rutaceae), Albizia lebbeck (Fabaceae), Azadirachta indica (Meliaceae), Cassia fistula (Fabaceae), Dalbergia sissoo (Fabaceae)Delonix regia (Fabaceae), Ficus lacor (Moraceae), Ficus benghalensis (Moraceae), Ficus religiosa (Moraceae), Gmelina arborea (Lamiaceae), Millettia pinnata (Fabaceae), Polyalthia longifolia (Annonaceae) and Tamarindus indicus (Fabaceae).
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
3 answers
We are planning on developing a project on potential use of fly ash generated from thermal power plants. It has both a number of potentials and pitfalls for use in aquaculture. There is risk of a number of environmental risks especially heavy metal contamination. It used in fish pond there will be risk of transfer of contaminants along the food chain. How the project's aim and objectives can be drawn, the technical design and work plan can be made. Above all, how the pre-application treatment of fly ash can be thought for removal and inactivation of heavy metals and other toxic contaminants. 
Relevant answer
Answer
Interesting discussion...
Fly ash leachate induces  stress in freshwater fish Channa punctata (Bloch). Source : Environ Int. 2004 Sep;30(7):933-8.DOI:10.1016/j.envint.2004.03.00
 
Abstract : Oxidative stress inducing potential of fly ash leachate (FAL) was studied in a freshwater fish, Channa punctata (Bloch). Fish were exposed to fly ash leachate for 24 h and lipid peroxidation (LPO) was studied as a marker of oxidative stress. Catalase (CAT), glutathione S-transferase (GST) activities and levels of reduced glutathione (GSH) were also estimated in the exposed fish. FAL (1 ml/l) induced LPO in all the organs and most prominent response was in the gill. It also caused induction of enzymes and glutathione. Liver showed highest level of induction of enzyme activities. The results of this study demonstrate that fly ash constituents have potential to induce oxidative stress in fish and gills are the most vulnerable organs. It is also suggested that in case of exposure to FAL, along with LPO antioxidant defense is also activated to counteract the reactive oxygen species (ROS) at least partly in the initial stages of exposure.
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
3 answers
Can anyone please suggest me some of the suitable SCI (Science Citation Index) Journals, which publishes paper rapidly pertinent to "Distribution of Heavy Metals and Contamination Assessment in the Water Environment of Coal Mining Area”. 
Relevant answer
Answer
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
6 answers
Redox state and prevailing ambiance influence heavy metal inactivation and detoxification as well as transformation of nutrients (C, N & P) in soil and aquatic environment
Relevant answer
Answer
Most of the studies have been done with regard to biochar originated from plant biomass. Application of biochar , especially in acid soils has proven more beneficial than alkaline soils.  hoever , there are  pressing documents to prove that biochars are equally effective in alkaline soils as well . Application of biochar invariably improves the adsorptive capacity of soils through enhancement of CEC of soils, therefore , better NUE can very well be anticipated. If it is acidic soils , it brings an improvement of soil pH , thereby ,  brings  conspicuous imprvoments in soil fertility plus biological soil properties as well. but , the most distinctive advantage of biochar as an physical amendment is the  provision of carbon contributing handsomely towards the non-labile fraction of soil SOC, as the carbon from biochar has maximum residence time compared to ant other form of organic residues including the organic manures... 
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
13 answers
The study aims to identify the main obstacles that prevent people from acting more environmental-friendly and therefore reducing their individual footprint.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Franziska
Calculating individual ecological footprints, in my view, is very difficult, because of the cultural and contextual differences to which people are submitted to, or living through. I am not sure whther such type of caluclation would clarify your query: identify obstacles that prevent people to act ecofriendly. Sudies of sustainability in education, mainly in higher education, have highlighted that there is a huge gap between knowldedge about sustainability and action towards a sustainable society. People know and are aware of their own harmful behaviour as consumer that impact the environment, but it seems it does not change the way they act. There are Social Theories as Planned Behaviour Theory, for instance, that seem able to help to investigate this subject in details. I am sorry, but I do not believe that calculation, as first approach, will help to understand obstacles for people do not act in ecofriendly way. I think it is more valuable to try to investigate the reflective gap between knowing and acting when it relates to sustainable action. Please, see Azjen work (Attempt Theory, Azjen, you can find several papers in acaademic data bases, and in Google Scholar). Kind regards.
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
8 answers
Does anyone have any suggestions or open softwares that can determine the thermal conductivity of gas mixtures, such as natural gas and air or methane and air?
Relevant answer
Answer
An idea is to use the Maxwell equation. You can read this
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
4 answers
 Could anyone please help me to access those references related to the term? Thank you very much for your support!
Relevant answer
Answer
Please see my paper on Ecotourism for Sustainable Forest Management in Sri Lanka
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
5 answers
Models use data to predict weather patterns and floods. Is their a need within the UK to increase rain gauge spacial resolution to 0.5km and a temporal resolution to 1 minute for more accurate and reliable flood predictions? Does soil moisture content need to be monitored?
Relevant answer
Answer
Predicting rain and runoff, flooding is largely based on limited records, and in many instances you are not going everything you want.  Models will typically use all the data you can muster, and be wanting for more.  You need a combination of recording rain guage stations preferred and recording stream gauges and have an absolute minimum of 10 years record for any predictive capability or comparisons with the old data stations, however even 100 years is probably not enough for some things.  Consider the rainfall event we had in October near Charleston, SC.  Using the available data, we had the 1000 year event on the national forest, but as soon as we insert this data into the total and recalibrate, perhaps it may be the 500 year event.  Weather specialists do a reasonable good job now with their data and tools for predicting weather within the next few days, weeks or maybe as far as months, that is pushing it.  However, the predictive tools rely on spatial data, and a lot of it.  In areas with a lot of topographical relief, adding more rainguages can help coverage of individual storms or help locate areas that then to get more rain, but they are not necessarily going to improve prediction but may help with years of data.  Weather patterns shift, the jet stream shifts, you can have wet years, dry years, and individual event severity is dependent on a lot more than a truck load of data.  It is best to model and predict as best as we can, but identify the uncertainty and build infrastructure, homes, etc. accordingly.  If you are in the floodplain, elevate your structure above the 100 year or more elevation, and such as put your garage on the lower level and accept your car may or may not be flooded in your lifetime.  Most people don't have the information at all so that they can consider it as an option. 
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
1 answer
If you can't physically be in the environment you're learning about, would listening to it's sound recordings aid your learning?
Relevant answer
Answer
This is 2016. If it is important that you "experience" the environment and can't be there, at least be there virtually in both the auditory and visual domains. You can equip a manikin with microphones for binaural sound recording and with a camera for binocular video recording and then play them or stream them so that you can experience the environment for the duration of the recording or stream from the reference pointof the manikin. How tht would add to your learning about the environment would depend upon what you need to know. 
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
3 answers
I know that for calculating the environmental factor three parameters fractional covalence (fc), bond volume polarizability (αb) and presented charge (Q) are used. But I don't know how to calculate these three parameters?
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Kenneth Sir... I don't have example for another compound but I have one example of ZnWO4.
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
6 answers
I am looking for MFA-studies making inventories/estimations of the amounts of hibernating (i.e. not in-use) e-products in people's homes. My specific interest lies with survey/questionnaire-based bottom-up studies (preferably on rare earth metals). Recommendations on how to engage with this methods-wise are also greatly appreciated, i.e. what to think of when designing a questionnaire, pitfalls in making the quantitative estimations and so on.
I know of a few already (see below), but please provide me with more!
• Chan, M. Hibernating Copper in Connecticut Residences and Corporations. Master’s Thesis, School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT, 2004.
• Lin, C., (2008) "A model using home appliance ownership data to evaluate recycling policy performance" Resources, Conservation and Recycling 52 1322-1328.
• Milovantseva, N., and Saphores, J-D. (2012) “Time bomb or hidden treasure? Characteristics of junk TVs and of the US households who store them”, Waste Management 33(3) 519-529.
• Murakami, S., Oshugi, H., Murakami-Suzuki, R., Mukaida, A., Tsujimura, H. (2009) “Average lifespan of mobile phones in in-use and hibernating stocks in Japan”, Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, Japan 5(1) 139-145. In Japanese.
• Ongondo, F.O., and Williams, I.D. (2011) "Greening Academia: Use and disposal of mobile phones among university students" Waste Management 31 1617-1634.
• Saphores, J-D. M., Nixon, H., Ogunseitan, O.A., Shapiro, A.A. (2009) ”How much e-waste is there in US basements and attics? Results from a national survey. Journal of Environmental Management 90(11) 3322-3331.
Relevant answer
Answer
Electrical and electronic waste: a global environmental problem
2007 25: 307Waste Manag Res
Balakrishnan Ramesh Babu, Anand Kuber Parande and Chiya Ahmed Basha
 
DOI: 10.1177/0734242X07076941
Avraam Karagiannidis, George Perkoulidis, Agis Papadopoulos
Nicolas Moussiopoulos, Thomas Tsatsarelis. Characteristics of wastes from electric and electronic equipment in Greece: results of a field
survey. Waste Manage Res 2005: 23: 381–388
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
6 answers
Quantitative method that takes into account the component of the landscape?
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Mr. Djamel,
could you please be a bit more specific. What is your study aimed at so that a more profound and focused answer can be given ? Is your project centered around landslides, inundation, soil erosion or anything like that ? Based upon your supplementary announcements I think you will get a tailor-made piece of advice.
Best regards
Harald G. Dill
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
9 answers
I got my PhD in energy engineering, but I did quite a bit of environmental studies research on the side. I think about things differently than most people, and question conventional wisdom. I have dozens of ideas for papers that I think could get significant attention on topics like ecological footprint, economics of CO2 reduction, water, transportation, urban planning, food, waste, animal welfare, and biodiversity. But I don’t have enough time to do them myself, so I am looking for an environmental studies collaborator. Does anyone know someone like this?
Relevant answer
Answer
Hello Dr David
It is very interesting to look on the topics. I am currently working on understanding forest biophysical parameters using synthetic aperture radar. I am interested in studying more about ecological footprint and economics of CO2 reduction. Hope we could speak more and work out further.
Mohamed Musthafa
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
13 answers
I am working on a literature review of current DSS or tools used in land use decision making. So I'm keen to hear about any DSS/tools used or developed around the world to help with making land use decisions, focusing on economics, environmental benefits/risks, social benefits/risks, cultural factors, etc.
Relevant answer
Answer
Hi Stefania - It might also be useful to ask how the DSS/tools researchers are mentioning have been implemented? Have stakeholders been involved in the development/testing process? see also 
Valls-Donderis, P., Ray, D., Peace, A., Stewart, A., Lawrence, A. and Galiana, F. 2013 Participatory development of decision support systems: which features of the process lead to improved uptake and better outcomes? Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02827581.2013.837950.
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
2 answers
I am currently interested in undertaking research on bio-remediation with the Niger Delta as a case study. I seek expert opinions on innovative techniques to tackle the source of environmental degradation and pollution in the Niger Delta.
Relevant answer
Answer
Hi.
With respect to oil pollution in the water bodies, you can check out the attached paper and some related studies on the use of microorganisms (bioremediation) in concert with dispersants.
I hope this answer helps.
All the best.
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
9 answers
VFA are short chain fatty acids which acts as a good substrate for many applications.
Relevant answer
Answer
Ion resin exchange can be used IF AND ONLY IF you can extract the proteins before the ion resin as the proteins foul the resin. There is another approach you might want to explore. It has been developed by Prime Separations where it selectively extracts the targeted molecule using the same technology as chromatography but on a continuous sheet. Their website is PrimeSeparations.com. In our anaerobic process we are generating several VFA's I am assuming your process also has multiple acids to deal with.
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
6 answers
Searching for articles is very critical sometimes using Google, yahoo, etc. I used to have a free access to more than 50 databases via my University account but now as I finished school I lost the free access. I need to have such flexible and free access to articles, specialized in ecology and environmental studies. Can anyone suggest a site I can use to access articular for free? I know some websites offer such access but only for universities or academic institution, in this case I can register for my institution.
Relevant answer
Answer
This is a widespread issue for conservation practitioners. There's no such comprehensive database, as pointed out Google Scholar is the only one for searching. There's a list of open access journals here: http://asianelephantresource.webs.com/research-publications
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
12 answers
Approved quality assessment tools for cross sectional study in systematic review
Relevant answer
Answer
I think STROBE mainly looks at the quality of reporting and at best is a surrogate for methodological quality.
Both studies mentioned above do not look at assessing methodological quality of observational or cross-sectional studies for the purpose of a systematic review.
Moja et. al. reviewed the type of methodological quality in a number of systematic reviews but looking at the article a distinction between observational and interventional studies is not found (probably the reason for Jadad score being most common tool).
Seo et. al. simply looked at methodological quality of meta-analyses and systematic reviews so is not pertinent to the current question.
Sanderson et. al. as mentioned by Ian highlights the lack of a rigorous and validated tool for assessment of observational studies.
I find the 'Risk of Bias' assessment tool provided in Review Manager (Available free from Cochrane Collaboration website) the most practical tool for assessment of studies, especially if there are some observational studies in addition to RCTs. This tool simply assesses different aspects of a study for potential bias. The following aspects are scored..
- Allocation (selection bias)  
- Blinding (performance bias and detection bias)  
- Incomplete outcome data (attrition bias)  
- Selective reporting (reporting bias)  
- Other potential sources of bias
It is important to note that no software will be able to find out Bias in a study. The researcher has to develop skills to identify potential sources of bias in the article.
kind regards, raza
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
9 answers
Have designed an underground parking but above it is a park with vegetation and walkways that should not be polluted.
Flue gas dispersion have modeled and demonstrated decreased their concentration.
Relevant answer
Answer
Yep model are just conceptualization of complex scenerios, often are sinplistic than the actual situation Igresias is correct if the parking lot exist measurements should be done even for any model you are going to use for verification.
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
3 answers
I'm carrying out a comparative study on crude oil and bitumen. I have conducted analysis on the physical properties but I need some info on the heavy metal concentration of both. Any raw data will be highly appreciated.
Relevant answer
Answer
That's a fairly broad question - it will depend very much on the source of the oil and the metals you are interested in. What are the sources of bitumen and oil that you are looking at ?
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
7 answers
I ask in regard to strict species egalitarianism where one believes that all species are equal, as compared to enacting policies (that foster a respect for nature) that act as if all species are equal while perhaps not believing that all species are in fact equal.
Relevant answer
Answer
Many strains of Christian ecotheology hold animals in esteem as having their own relationship to God, while still considering human beings as special due to the incarnation and the imago dei. Their perspective is not egalitarian. Humans remain unique because they are 1) made in the image of God (whatever they hold that to mean) and 2) because God chose to become a human being (if they have an incarnational theology) rather than a duck or a goat or something (although how they would ever establish that as a fact rather than as a tenet of faith remains a question).
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
2 answers
In my research, I need some documentation concerning the environment and environmental education.
Relevant answer
Answer
Thank you very much!
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
2 answers
The research is about to check the absorbed heat or temperature decrease below a tree. Different trees will be analyzed to compose suggestions to use in urbanization.
Relevant answer
Answer
Thank you Emmanouil, I know that this is a difficult matter to measure.. but, if I could get some results ...I think that is possible to create a list with the best species in order to help to get the right tree for reurbanization.. tks.
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
4 answers
My research topic is about calculating the environmental impact from electronic waste landfill compared with recycling.
Relevant answer
Answer
Well,Thank you for your great idea in literatures above, I appreciate that,and I going to read .so, I saw a lot of literature citation your reseach,it is the great oppurtunities to receive this kind from you.
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
12 answers
A recent essay in the NY Times on the subject (see link) inspired the question....
Relevant answer
Answer
Bill - I also asked a similar question on researchgate (https://www.researchgate.net/post/What_are_the_novels_that_best_explore_or_provide_visions_of_positive_sustainable_futures), about what were the novels that best explored sustainable futures and got similar answers.
Years ago I set up a website of novels that had ecological themes at McGill, but it doesn't seem to be still online, but some of those books way be interesting.
None of the books centered on struggles for sustainability - but a few explored issues around sustainability.
I think one of the more interesting writers writing about the future is American science fiction writer turned design guru Bruce Sterling.
Several of his books directly engage with environmental or sustainability issues. In particular: Islands in the Net, Distraction, Heavy Weather, & Holy Fire.
Islands in the Net is 80s science fiction about terrorists, drones, and globalization.
Distraction is about social ADHD, the internet in a future in which there is no coordinated attempt to solve environmental problems and the US is a mess.
Heavy Weather is about climate change via storm chasers.
Holy Fire is more about art and aging in a Paul Gilding "great disruption" future.
Of these I think Holy Fire and Distraction are the most interesting. Islands in the Net is dated, but a very different vision of the future of the 80s than Blade Runner or Gibson's Neuromancer.
Sterling is neither as scientific nor as serious as KS Robinson. He also approaches the future from different ideological starting points that KSR's green-left american vison.
For more on the books see here:
US science fiction writer David Brin's Earth provides a US techno-libertarian vision of sustainable development.
Other well written semi-ecological & semi-sustainable development oriented books
In the Palm of Darkness: by Mayra Montero - on Haiti & extinction
A Dream Like Mine by M.T. Kelly - canadian logging & first nations. The book was made into a movie - "clearcut" & won canada's gov general award]
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
4 answers
Based on the environmental damages that are occurring throughout our globe at the present time, caused by natural phenomena and influenced by human activities, the question arises: is it time to study atmospheric chemistry?
Relevant answer
Answer
Atomspheric chemistry is a broad aspect in science which study has been into existence, although, practically the effect of the study has not helped in solving the recent global problems like in the case of climate change. I will like to recommend that practical measures should be put in place in course of study to help minimize the effect of anthropogenic activities
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
6 answers
In Table 2 there are bolded some priority substances, e.g. Hexachlorobenzene and Alachlor i.e. proposed for excluding from the Pollution Reduction Programme for the Slovak Republic.
Relevant answer
Answer
The difference is that priority substances are relevant for the EU and the substance are identified at the national level. Relevant substances are identified at national level, according to various criteria, for example: use, monitoring, discharge… criteria have been described as well in the article. Measures and authorisation process at the national level can be made more stringent, it depends on the national legislation.
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
12 answers
I am interested in comparing levels of interdisciplinarity and transdisciplinarity in various disciplines and epistemic cultures that are engaged in environmental research. I plan to do surveys and I was wondering if there are existing instruments out there that measure an individual's aptitude for or values associated with interdisciplinarity or transdisciplinarity. If not, then I think it would be an excellent opportunity for us to develop one. I plan to survey graduate students and faculty from various disciplines and institutions in North America and Asia, who do some research work related to the environment and sustainable development.
Relevant answer
Answer
The capacity to engage in interdisciplinary/transdisciplinary scholarship at a level that both truly honors the valuable insights to be found in various fields and disciplines while maintaining an educated critical stance requires the development of specific skills and knowledge. One cannot really engage in inter- and transdisciplinary scholarship without coming to understand what scholars in the various fields and disciplines of interest understand.
But there is more to it than simply reading the literature - and here is where I believe you can find instruments that may be helpful. The capacity to engage in scholarship at the level of skill and knowledge that allows one to be truly inter- and transdisciplinary requires the capacity to see and honor other perspectives. We know through decades of good research that the capacity to see multiple perspectives in a manner which truly understands them and honors them while holding a different perspective oneself, or a meta-perspective that includes them all, is developmentally-mediated. It is not something that can be accomplished simply by sheer concerted effort, unless one is developmentally ready.
If you look particularly to the constructive developmental stream of research and theory in the field of adult development (Jane Loevinger, Lawrence Kohlberg, Robert Kegan, Bill Torbert, Susanne Cook-Greuter, Michael Commons & Francis Richards, Theo Dawson & Zach Stein, William Joiner & Stephen Josephs to name an illustrious few), you will find a lot of empirical evidence to support the argument that it is only at the latest emerging stages of adult meaning making where such multi-perspective taking is a stable capacity. After all, if one sees the world as objectively existing “out there,” and one’s own culture is unquestionably taken as “truth,” characteristic of adult conventional or formal stages of meaning making, at what level can one be expected to engage disciplines that hold that reality is socially constructed? Some people are better equipped through development to hold multiple perspectives, even perspectives at complete odds with one’s own.
There are validated instruments based on good solid research that can identify whether one is capable of such multi-perspective taking. Cook-Greuter offers the SCTi-MAP assessment, a sentence completion instrument that is perhaps the most widely used, well researched, and validated instrument of this type. But there are also good instruments available that have been developed by Bill Torbert, Robert Kegan, Theo Dawson, and Michael Commons that you may find of interest.
You can find papers by Barrett Brown on the internet that detail the research he did with very late stage sustainability leaders that you may find of interest. He used the SCTi-MAP assessment with these leaders. Here is a link to one of his papers:
  • asked a question related to Environmental Studies
Question
2 answers
Environmental Biotechnology
Relevant answer
Answer
Metal ions means it can be any of the metal with its specific properties,
Metalloids means the metal available with different forms and both have different physical and chemical properties and xenobiotics can be defined as --it is intermediate metabolites of a chemical compounds.