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Environmental Economics - Science topic

Environmental economics is a subfield of economics concerned with environmental issues.
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Publications related to Environmental Economics (10,000)
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The aim of this Special Issue is to identify challenges and solutions for energy economics and sustainability. It will cover papers on complex topics dealing with: The research, development, and implementation of energy economics and sustainability, including energy systems and environmental policy; The development of regionally adapted sustainable...
Article
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As an alternative to the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) method 22866, a method for the field measurement of spray drift was developed in the Department of Agricultural, Forestry and Environmental Economics and Engineering of the University of Turin, Italy. This new method, termed “test bench,” can be applied for wind condition...
Poster
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Sustainability is a three-dimensional concept that includes environmental, economic, and social aspects. Real world problems in the context of sustainability are related to uncertainty and vagueness. Soft computing and computer aided simulation techniques can handle the ambiguity and pronounce sustainable and optimal solutions to these complex real...
Book
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Contributing to a better understanding of contemporary issues of environmental sustainability from a historical perspective, this book provides a cohesive and cogent account of the history of ecological economic thought. The work unearths a diverse set of ideas within a Western and Slavic context, from the Renaissance and the Enlightenment to the l...
Article
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Plasmodium knowlesi malaria infection in humans has been reported throughout southeast Asia. The communities at risk are those living in areas where Macaque monkeys and Anopheles mosquito are present. Zoonotic malaria control is challenging due to the presence of the reservoir host and the possibility of human-vector-human transmission. Current con...
Article
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Purpose: This study describes an empirical study demonstrating the application of circular economy (CE) to respond to an urgent call to reduce plastic waste by utilizing waste from the furniture industry.Design/methodology/approach: this study employed the measurements of environmental impacts of plastic and wood-based toothbrushes using a life cyc...
Article
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This study discusses microgrid (µgrd) planning using small hydro, solar and diesel resources for 100 offgrid houses in Nigeria. The work introduces the technical, environmental, economic and policy (TEEP) analysis approach. The technical aspect considers the component sizing, electricity generated, unmet demand (ud), loss of power probability (LOPP...
Article
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Climate change is undermining the mental and physical health of global populations, but the question of how it is affecting substance-use behaviors has not been systematically examined. In this narrative synthesis, we find that climate change could increase harmful substance use worldwide through at least five pathways: psychosocial stress arising...
Article
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Performance indicators are rapidly becoming popular in performance assessment of water supply systems (WSSs) for finding the weaknesses and solving them. The selection and use of the key performance indicators (KPIs) for WSSs need the consideration of the regional and local conditions. Moreover, analyzing the results of the assessment requires a cl...
Article
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The influx of Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development and the COP 21 has necessitated the need for a paradigm shift in traditional consumption and production to reflect a balance between environmental safety, social justice and profitability. The Ghanaian Petroleum Industry is predominately fossil fuel–based with higher level of carbon and methane...
Chapter
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We live in a world of complex epidemiological, environmental, economic, political social processes and apparently their full-scale interdisciplinary mathematical and computer modeling, the only way to qualitative and quantitative predictive zoning of the consequences of these events. Using the example of mathematical modeling in the social sphere (...
Article
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With the accelerating process of climate change, long-term exposure to extreme temperatures could threaten individuals’ physical health, especially for the vulnerable population. This paper aims to investigate the long-term effects of extreme temperature exposure on the health of the elderly in the context of climate change and aging. Different fro...
Article
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The emissions of polluting gases due to the consumption of fossil fuels in power plants have caused that in addition to operating costs, minimizing the amount of pollution in power plants is also given special attention. In this study, the hybrid firefly algorithm (FA) and genetic algorithm are used to solve the problem of environmental economic di...
Article
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Using natural rocks as alternative cutting tool material poses a possibility to meet actual environmental, economic and geopolitical challenges. The present state of knowledge, however, is not sufficient to allow a knowledge-based design of the tool grinding process of cutting tools made of rock. For this reason, this study presents an investigatio...
Article
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High food waste values have been reported in university canteens in different countries. This study aims to evaluate food waste related to the consumption stage in a Portuguese university canteen and its environmental, economic, and nutritional impact. Data collection was performed at a Portuguese university with about 7000 students. Food waste (le...
Article
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Retail stores are among the building typologies with the highest consumption of natural resources. However, studies regarding the development of Building Sustainability Assessment methods for retail buildings are missing, despite their environmental, economic, and social importance. This study intends to address this gap in knowledge by (i) develop...
Thesis
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Background. Covid-19 has affected almost all areas of public policy. The European Union has activated funding programs and instruments to respond to the crisis triggered by Covid-19 and become resilient. Additionally, interest in education for sustainable development and climate change has increased in recent years (Wals, 2009; Anderson, 2012)....
Article
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The rapid development of e-commerce and the prosperity of express delivery has brought great convenience to people’s life. However, the environmental and social problems caused by express delivery packaging (EDP) have not been well understood yet. It has become an important issue to coordinate the economic, environmental, and social development goa...
Article
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As organizações tem adotado um novo estilo de gestão e divulgação de suas práticas sustentáveis para seus públicos de interesse, combinando eficiência econômica, responsabilidade social e ambiental, para serem percebidas como legítimas na sociedade. O objetivo da pesquisa foi analisar como duas empresas de grande porte do COREDE Missões/RS divulgam...
Article
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Aquaculture is one of the protein production activities with the most significant potential for global development. It is one of the fastest growing in recent years, mainly because of its efficiency in transforming feed into meat. However, the increase in aquaculture production raises some concerns, especially regarding the proper use of natural re...
Article
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A Liquidambar formosana plantation is a kind of fast-grown forest in the subtropical region, providing a variety of ecosystem services such as superior wood, carbon fixation and oxygen release, and biodiversity maintenance. However, the ecological service function value of Liquidambar formosana plantations is not clear. To gain insights into the ch...
Article
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A complex method developed to assess quality within a proposed framework and at a certain scope of measurement for circular economy (CE) quality indicators is presented. This was used to compare three different scenarios for municipal waste management systems: 1—incineration; 2—recycling and reuse of separated municipal waste and the transformation...
Preprint
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This qualitative study proposes an intersectional focus as a research methodology for analysing the targets of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), which describe situations of inequality and inequity in access, use, and as rights, through a holistic, intersectional focus. Its aim is to identify the dimensions underpinning the concept of inequa...
Article
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Water scarcity is one of the main challenges facing countries in arid or semi- arid zones. As an example, Egypt needs to deal with both insufficient quantity and quality of water for residents. Here, we propose actions and policies to promote an integrated water management approach to respond to water challenges in Egypt. Based on a literature revi...
Article
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Brownfields are an important part of urban land resources. Strengthening the governance and redevelopment of brownfields is significant to environmental protection, high-quality urban development and sustainable development. However, due to the complexity and harmfulness of brownfield pollution, the hasty, untimely, and blind development can cause...
Conference Paper
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Waste to energy technologies is considered a viable solution for global warming's sustainability. Several such systems have been developed to produce power from different waste energy sources. However, the main objective of this study is to identify the amount of waste produced in a typical pharmaceutical industry and thereby categorize the wastes...
Article
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O presente artigo visa analisar o contexto e os fundamentos jurídicos para aplicação do Programa de Pagamento de Serviço Ambientais nas Terras Indígenas como instrumento indutor de preservação do meio ambiente e concretizador do Princípio da Dignidade Humana. A nova Lei n.º 14.119/2021 que institui a Política Nacional de Pagamento por Serviços Ambi...
Article
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In the recent upsurge in environmental concerns, business sustainability has become more prominent than ever. Organizations worldwide are expected to function sustainably, causing the least negative impact on the environment and promoting harmony among the firm, environment, and society. Most firms report their actions related to sustainability in...
Article
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The environment is a natural capital that supports all forms of business transactions and is a decisive factor in the economics of the construction Industry. Cement is a vital material used for building and construction works in contemporary society. Therefore, by virtue of its importance in the building and construction industry, its pricing and m...
Article
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Although a clear definition of energy poverty has not been reported in the scientific literature or in general energy directives, this condition affects about 10% of European people. During the last three years, the COVID-19 pandemic combined with the increase in energy bill costs due to energy conflicts has determined the increment of energy pover...
Article
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This study aims to analyze the balance and coordination during green and sustainable development and estimates the evolution track of the green development system from 2010–2019. The projection pursuit model (PPM), as well as the system gray prediction model GM (1, N) and other measurement methods, were used to construct an evaluation system accoun...
Chapter
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Productivity gains and minimum environmental impacts is the new challenge faced by enterprises, industries, and researchers. Mechanical machining is one of the widely used techniques in manufacturing. So, it's important to accurately and effectively estimate and optimize the overall ecological and economic footprint. Since, cutting energy and machi...
Preprint
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Groundwater quality management is challenging due to the fate and transport of multiple pollutants in the porous media, extensive polluters, and late aquifer responses to pollution reduction practices. Water quality trading (WQT) is a regionally incentive-based strategy for self monitoring and groundwater quality improvement. This study evaluates t...
Chapter
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Supply chain disruptions in energy management negatively impact businesses’ performance. In its seventh objective, sustainable development tries to guarantee that all people have access to inexpensive, dependable, sustainable, and contemporary energy. However, many people worldwide suffer from energy supply chain disruption. For example, the 2019 W...
Conference Paper
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Some environmental, economic, and social problems have arisen during the COVID-19 pandemic. These effects have forced people to use natural and artificial resources more effectively and efficiently. In addition, although the pandemic affects more than one sector, the construction sector is one of the sectors most affected by these conditions. The g...
Article
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The richness and diversity of landscapes and natural environments are subject to strong human pressures. As one of the components of sustainable development, the preservation of the natural heritage is of great interest, particularly in solving environmental, economic, social, cultural and educational problems. Nowadays, the national park has becom...
Article
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Citizen participation has become one of the pillars of good governance in order to achieve sustainable local development. This is what the World Bank's contribution in Algeria has been aimed at, through the Precarious Habitat Resorption Program (P.H.R), by adopting the pattern of popular participation among its priorities to change the deterioratin...
Article
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Dispersed low-density development–“urban sprawl”–has many detrimental environmental, economic, and social consequences. Sprawl leads to higher greenhouse-gas emissions and poses an increasing threat to the long-term availability of many vital ecosystem services. Therefore, urban sprawl is in stark contradiction to the principles of sustainable land...
Article
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Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs), the most popular and widely used Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology due to their proven accuracy and efficiency in control, estimation, optimization, decision making, forecasting, and many other applications, can be employed to achieve faster sustainable development of construction industry. The study present...
Article
Full-text available
The richness and diversity of landscapes and natural environments are subject to strong human pressures. As one of the components of sustainable development, the preservation of the natural heritage is of great interest, particularly in solving environmental, economic, social, cultural and educational problems. Nowadays, the national park has becom...
Article
Full-text available
Information on urban built-up infrastructure is essential to understand the role of cities in shaping environmental, economic, and social outcomes. The lack of data on built-up heights over large areas has limited our ability to characterize urban infrastructure and its spatial variations across the world. Here, we developed a global atlas of urban...
Article
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Major economies, such as the United States, European Union (EU), Japan, and China have enacted Circular Economy Promotion Laws (CEPLs) to promote the development of the recycling industry. The Urban Mining Pilot Policy (UMPP) is an essential provision of the CEPL in China, which promotes a circular economy and environmentally friendly industries an...
Article
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Purpose - Covid-19 pandemic have raised serious health concerns, work disruptions and job loss. Thus, Nigeria's Covid-19 challenges can hinder project performance in the construction sector. By integrating the principle of sustainable construction, it can minimise the environmental and socioeconomic impact of Covid-19. This research therefore aims...
Conference Paper
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Empirical models have been developed in this study to predict water quality parameters, with the intention of demonstrating both benefits and the viability of using Landsat 8 spectral images to estimate water quality parameters in one main of the Iraqi Rivers, it is the Tigris River. The study area was along the part of the Tigris River which is lo...
Article
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The aim of this study was to conduct a sustainability impact assessment (SIA) on a wooden multi-storey building and compare this to an equivalent reinforced concrete building using ToSIA (Tool for Sustainability Impact Assessment). The SIA considered the material flows and processes along the respective supply chains in Finland and included environ...
Article
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Landslides can have serious environmental, economic, and social consequences. Using artificial neural networks (ANN) to map these landslides is becoming more frequent every year, being one of the most reliable methods for this. Among the prime influences on the generated maps, sample areas are significantly interesting, since they directly influenc...
Article
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Over the past several decades numbers of environmental, economic and social issues are rapidly treating the suitability of the humans on the Earth. Many organizations are transforming their business models into a Circular Economy (CE) model because conventional linear economy cannot be sustainable without recycled components and must therefore be r...
Article
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Sustainable development can be an element of tourism success if its principles are included in the process of strategic tourism development planning, and if such a concept is one of the strategic development goals. The paper analyzes the impact of the perception of the local population and visitors and their satisfaction with the development of tou...
Article
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With the rapid urbanization, smart city concept is becoming popular day by day. One of the major elements of the smart city is its transportation system. To make the traffic management system better different technologies have been used in different developed countries. However, the scenario is different in many developing countries. They have to f...
Article
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In an era of climate and biodiversity crises, ecosystem rehabilitation is critical to the ongoing wellbeing of humans and the environment. Coastal ecosystem rehabilitation is particularly important, as these ecosystems sequester large quantities of carbon (known in marine ecosystems as “blue carbon”) thereby mitigating climate change effects while...
Article
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This study uses an input-output model to analyze the wastewater, waste gas, and solid waste emissions in Guangdong’s industrial exports from 2004 to 2015; the Logarithmic Mean Divisia Index (LMDI) is used to analyze the factors influencing such pollution. The results reveal that embodied emissions of waste gas and solid waste in Guangdong’s export...
Article
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The concept of green building has gradually formed with the increase in public awareness of environmental protection, which also covers a wide range of elements. The green building is the fundamental platform of sustainable development. This review paper provides solutions for the multi-dimensional and balanced development of green building. Since...
Article
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The System of Environmental Economic Accounting - Ecosystem Accounting (SEEA EA) provides a framework for quantifying and valuing ecosystem services that is consistent with the System of National Accounts (SNA). As such, monetary estimates for ecosystem services are required to be measured as exchange values. The environmental economics literature...
Article
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The world needs more than double its current agricultural productivity by 2050 to produce enough food and feed, as well as to provide feedstock for the bioeconomy. These future increases will not only need to be sustainable but also need to compromise the nutritional quality, and ideally also need to decrease greenhouse gas emissions and increase c...
Article
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A sustainable university must educate its academic collaborators and its interest groups, focusing on the key dimensions, such as economic growth, respect for the environment and carrying out energy saving measures, and efficiency and reuse of resources. The aim of this research is to show the tendencies of postgraduate courses in the training of h...
Article
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We investigate the effects of resetting mechanisms when valuing the future in economic terms through the discount function. Discounting is specially significant in addressing environmental problems and in evaluating the sense of urgency to act today to prevent or mitigate future losses due to climate change effects and other disasters. Poissonian r...
Article
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Experience tourism in the midst of nature, the appreciation of healthy food, which allows to appreciate, taste and experience the moment becomes the motto for the beginning of a new era. The objective of this study was to identify which actions are necessary to internalize the SDGs in the resumption of tourism activities after the pandemic. The ana...
Article
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The purpose of this study is to explore the adoption of innovation in the aquaculture sector through the Awareness Knowledge Adoption Implementation Effectiveness (AKAIE) sequence. The AKAIE is an extension of the Awareness Knowledge Adoption Product (AKAP) model in order to better investigate the post‐adoption phases. Using the ‘Implementation’ an...
Article
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Denitrifying bioreactors (DNBRs) are widely used to reduce excess nitrate from agricultural drainage. Their performance depends on the physical and chemical properties of the substrate. Common substrate types have been partly reviewed in previous studies. However, few studies have attempted to determine a generalized pattern for the role of substra...
Chapter
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Decommissioning obsolete oil platforms in the upcoming decades in Qatar, through a complete removal, will imply a major loss of the fouling biodiversity and associated ecosystem functions and services. The rig-to-reef approach, successfully implemented in other seas of the world, provides an attractive alternative to the complete removal by reefing...
Article
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The necessity of energy equilibrium in industrial building stock must be addressed at design level in order to optimise use of materials without jeopardising the functional outcome. To do so effectively, the designer should incorporate a light use vs availability balance that will harness as much natural light resources as possible without creating...
Article
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Peri-urban agrifood systems are often subject to urban pressure and other territorial factors, which justifies a detailed study and analysis from multiple points of view. The main objec