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Environmental Awareness - Science topic

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It is sort of funny how the world turns around. Four years ago when I started my PhD, I was asking 'environmentally active citizens', who take part in community energy and food sharing projects about, how do they think their initiatives relate to Climate Change. Most of the people could not directly connect to Climate Action. Often, it rarely made top 3 of the priorities of their initiatives
Now, four years later, everyone seems to be obsessed climate marches, climate strikes and other forms of peaceful protest.
It just leaves me with the questions of which type of action is more effective, taking small steps in improving your livelihood or marching in massive swarms? Surely, marches and mass protest are easier to be picked up by news and political agendas than small community projects but where is the silver lining?
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It was nice to take part in big marches, meet people and feel part of a "big family".
Now, it is time to help the planet by avoiding the use of fossil fuels and convince others to do the same. Start recycling and support others. You can bicycle to work, school or university and meet nice people on the way while doing so.
Eat well, because a healthy mind needs a healthy body.
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Losing lives  for covid-19 is sorrowful. It could be avoided. People do  participate and help spreading the virus  whether  intentionally or unintentionally  by violating rules. I'm astonished to see such violations. Most countries warned people and imposed fines as well as launched intensive mass media  to keep people at home  for a limited period of time  so as to stop spreading the virus. With all of those precautions,  we can see  those gatherings  without masks and physical distancing.  In your opinion,  what could motivate people to wear masks and do physical distancing? Any novel or creative ideas? 
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In my opinion, it is necessary to carry out a broad explanatory work among the population, to explain the tragic consequences of not wearing a mask. Sometimes a strict punishment or reward is also beneficial.
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These days, people are discussing about pro-environmental and protective notions in their life all over the world. It seems this level of consideration should be navigated to a sustainable path. What do you think about it?
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Totally agree to that, However sustaining sensitivity towards these issues after the pandemic remains to be seen...
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Dear all researchers,
I am Himasaikiran pursuing M.TECH in construction technology and management at VIT University of Vellore, India. I am doing thesis research on "Sustainable site management for green construction". The motive of this study is to illustrate a comparative study of green rating systems and enhancing sustainable site management for green construction which helps in better understanding for peoples's well-being and cognition. As a part of the research, I have prepared a short online questionnaire on measures. Here is a questionnaire that encompasses the measures extracted from the research that affects the quality of sustainable site management. I kindly ask you to take five minutes of your time and contribute to this project, which will help us in better understanding the need for sustainable site management. So please answer the questionnaire in the link below and forward this message to your honored collaborators who might be interested in assisting my research work. Please give your opinion about the effectiveness of each measure from 1 (No recommended) to 5 (strongly recommended). Your alliance is highly comprehended and I am anticipating your favorable response.
Thank you for your time. https://forms.gle/6xqbmmKCWX7GQkTB9
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What mechanism may be adopted to declare a wetland site as RAMSAR site? What are the attached benefits and liabilities for the host country.
There is any other organizations, supporting wetland related research and development?
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If I understand your question correctly, In the answer to the first part of your question, The Ramsar Convention has a number of standards for identifying international wetlands such as: Places of International Importance for the Conservation of Biodiversity. Criteria related to species and ecological communities,If you know Persian language, this link may be useful
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It seems to me that working memory (involving the episodic buffer AND some -- to all the types -- of the Memories) is constantly at work and is our very experience itself.
Thus, I cannot see how the Memories (with at least some of them always active, determining and "recording" experience -- which most prominently and significantly active, dependent on circumstances) can be considered something separate from our knowledge OR our knowing OR our awareness OR our conscious being (all those: inclusively), i.e. as ANYTHING ever considerable as separate from experience itself.
Correct? Seems to me such a dualism would be a most-major problem. (This may be the biggest and perhaps primary dualism of them all, in reality (phenomenologically), though the nature/nurture dualism may seem worse -- but the latter may be somehow related to the former and even may have to be somehow related.)
Yet, we do seem to talk about "them" (the Memories, usually called "memory") at times as just one aspect of who we are (we seeing ourselves somehow as more than that "one 'aspect'")(and "memory" as sometimes something to consider, and other times not), don't we? (BUT: Wouldn't this be delusion "incarnate"?)
In short, we never "just are" (nor are we in any other way): these mechanisms having capacities and capabilities are ALWAYS at "work" since we ARE biological beings, in every way (like other animals) and at all times.
The Memories are central to good psychology understanding (or progress) and to good science in this "realm". The other major consideration (to have any generally good understanding of our reality/animal reality) is innate-guidance of behavioral development (especially throughout ontogeny); and, the question becomes : how does the innate-guidance aspects of behavior emerge along with (or, actually: "in") our other behavior patterns?; the fact of the always-present Memories can be an indication of the "acceptable" integral nature of emerging innate-guidance and why "perceptual shifts" become by far the likely candidates for what they (innately-guided behavioral aspects), along with other relevant behavior patterns, look like and ARE (<- including the "automatic" nature of our reality due to the past developments of the Memories and those "bringing forward" the very nature of what a good part of our reality looks like and IS).
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Dear Brad,
Through the lens of functionalism, we can say that memory cannot be fully appreciated without understanding the context in which it was formed. This is not an easy question to explore; nevertheless, it is an important one. The nervous system, indeed the entire body, acts as an integrated whole. Therefore, memory must play an important role in maintaining the integrity of that whole. How memory was formed may implicitly or explicitly play a role in how and when it will be used. Context, hence, must play an important role.
This will be a meaningful dialogue to engage in and I hope to hear back from you. Please take a look at the meta-analytic study by Smith and Vela (2001), which I have attached so that we can use some shared language for future conversations.
Best wishes,
Micah
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Environmental education has been introduced as compulsory subject at all levels of education from primary to graduate (college) level but often it remains as a neglected one. We hardly find any subject teacher in secondary, higher secondary schools and colleges. The very purpose has often been compromised. It is not possible for any (non-subject) teacher to impart lessons on environmental studies to the students properly. In colleges this subject remains in letters, not in spirits. Its presence can only be limited to celebration of  World Environmental Day or plantation of some saplings. Environmental sensitization, awareness or beyond that real environmental education and environmental works cannot be possible through such studies. The subject itself cannot be prospered, not even the students of Environmental Science or Environmental Management cannot be moiovated and inspired to opt for those subject as carrier options if there remains ample scope for teachers/assistant professors' positions in schools and colleges..
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This question should be addressed to the authorities of the Government of India that are tasked with responsibility for education, including the Department of Higher Education in the Ministry of Human Resource Development. It may be of interest to know that, coincidentally, UNESCO has just published Education for Sustainable Development Goals: Learning Objectives (2017) in recognition of the hard truth that "[e]mbarking on the path of sustainable development will require a profound transformation of how we think and act. To create a more sustainable world and to engage with sustainability-related issues as described in the SDGs, individuals must become sustainability change-makers. They require the knowledge, skills, values and attitudes that empower them to contribute to sustainable development. Education, therefore, is crucial for the achievement of sustainable development."
UNESCO's excellent and timely publication identifies learning objectives across the SDGs as well as approaches to implementing learning for the SDGs through Education for Sustainable Development (the latter section deals with integrating ESD in policies, strategies, programs, curricula, textbooks, and teacher education; delivering ESD in the classroom and other learning settings; and assessing ESD learning outcomes and the quality of ESD programs. Some will now rightly ask about next steps so Churchill's wisdom comes to mind: "It is one thing to see the forward path and another to be able to take it. But it is better to have an ambitious plan than none at all."
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I met with the CEO of a very interesting company that provides ultrasonic scanning of piping along with a service where garnet is used to clean pipes and then a 3M product ScotchKote is applied to pipes all the way down to 3/4 to make them non corrosive. Just looking for any formal studies on this approach and it appears it could address the root of many issues from both a Municpal standpoint as well as individual buildings. 
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We conducted a study on acoustical methods for leak detection.  We have a conference paper published. A more comprehensive report should be out later this year.
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1 in 100 year floods are becoming common and are addressed reactively in most cases, with hard structures such as levees and dams. In many instances, it becomes evident later that these structures do not serve the purpose adequately. Ecological engineering might provide better solutions, especially because this method attempts flood mitigation in a proactive and more holistic manner.
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Several papers are published about the Blue Flag (BF) eco-label program. Many of them criticize it, mainly because BF reduce ecosystem health of beaches and dunes or because it is not really understood by tourist. At the other side, many researchers and the organizations promoting BF highlight its benefits to improve beach quality, with focus in water quality and environmental awareness.
Within these two perspectives, are Blue Flag eco-label god or bad for beach quality (sanitary, ecosystem and recreation)?
Two papers I recommend to read, in order to contextualize question:
Botero, C., Pereira, C., Tosic, M., Manjarrez, G. 2015. Design of an index for monitoring the environmental quality of tourist beaches from a holistic approach. Ocean & Coastal Management 108: 65-73 DOI 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2014.07.017 ISSN 0964-5691
Zielinski, S. Botero, C. 2015. Are eco-labels sustainable? Beach certification schemes in Latin America and the Caribbean. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 23:(10) 1550-1572. DOI: 10.1080/09669582.2015.1047376
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Hi Camilo¡
The BF tries to justify environmental quality, even when these areas have long lost their geomorphological and ecologic features
the beaches are not characterized for their naturalness; instead they show high levels of human influence and artificialization,  there is a lot of services for the bathers, but no real management and conservation of these fragile coastal systems.
The concession of Blue Flag award is strictly focused on services offered to the users of the beach, and they do not take in account environmental and ecological issues related to the behavior of beaches as natural and fragile systems
These kinds of awards should not be sold as eco-labels, but as quality labels of
services offered to the bathers in artificial and urban beaches
There is a paper related to spanish blue flag could be interesting to you: 
M. Mir-Gual, G.X. Pons*, J.A. Martín-Prieto, A. Rodríguez-Perea (2015): A critical view of the Blue Flag beaches in Spain using environmental variables. Ocean & Coastal Management 105: 106-115
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Models use data to predict weather patterns and floods. Is their a need within the UK to increase rain gauge spacial resolution to 0.5km and a temporal resolution to 1 minute for more accurate and reliable flood predictions? Does soil moisture content need to be monitored?
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Predicting rain and runoff, flooding is largely based on limited records, and in many instances you are not going everything you want.  Models will typically use all the data you can muster, and be wanting for more.  You need a combination of recording rain guage stations preferred and recording stream gauges and have an absolute minimum of 10 years record for any predictive capability or comparisons with the old data stations, however even 100 years is probably not enough for some things.  Consider the rainfall event we had in October near Charleston, SC.  Using the available data, we had the 1000 year event on the national forest, but as soon as we insert this data into the total and recalibrate, perhaps it may be the 500 year event.  Weather specialists do a reasonable good job now with their data and tools for predicting weather within the next few days, weeks or maybe as far as months, that is pushing it.  However, the predictive tools rely on spatial data, and a lot of it.  In areas with a lot of topographical relief, adding more rainguages can help coverage of individual storms or help locate areas that then to get more rain, but they are not necessarily going to improve prediction but may help with years of data.  Weather patterns shift, the jet stream shifts, you can have wet years, dry years, and individual event severity is dependent on a lot more than a truck load of data.  It is best to model and predict as best as we can, but identify the uncertainty and build infrastructure, homes, etc. accordingly.  If you are in the floodplain, elevate your structure above the 100 year or more elevation, and such as put your garage on the lower level and accept your car may or may not be flooded in your lifetime.  Most people don't have the information at all so that they can consider it as an option. 
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If you can't physically be in the environment you're learning about, would listening to it's sound recordings aid your learning?
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This is 2016. If it is important that you "experience" the environment and can't be there, at least be there virtually in both the auditory and visual domains. You can equip a manikin with microphones for binaural sound recording and with a camera for binocular video recording and then play them or stream them so that you can experience the environment for the duration of the recording or stream from the reference pointof the manikin. How tht would add to your learning about the environment would depend upon what you need to know. 
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We are trying to develop a pastoral code for managing communal rangelands in dryland systems. We would like to learn from success and failure of existing laws. I am aware of the Mauritania case, but any additional information is greatly appreciated. Best regards, Mounir
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and this:
Anything by Stephen Sanford or Management of Pastoral Development in the Third World
Manageing Induced Rural development by Jon Moris
Works by Ian Schoones (New Directions for Pastoral Development in Africa), Roy Benkhe, Carol Kervin
Works by Layne Coppock & Solomon Desta
Look at teh material from Jonathon Davies network
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What are the most current issues in motivating employees to make more pro-environmentally friendly (mainly energy-efficient) decisions at work? Could someone give examples of sustainable key performance indicators (KPIs) ?
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Can they use stairs to move between levels, and if so, do they?  Also, how do they commute to work - mechanical armchairs or active transport? Our bodies are the closest environment we inhabit - how we value our own physical well-being will be reflected in how we value other environments such as our workspace, organisational presence, civil behaviour and global environmental responsibility.
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Dear All,
The decline of water organisms arrived a level which threats our existence. McCaulay et al. (2015) prepared a fine paper describing this situation.
Have you experienced similar phenomena in marine ecosystems?
Are you satisfied with this deterioration?
What can you do as a teacher, researcher or a simple individual against these processes?
Marine defaunation: Animal loss in  the global ocean
Douglas J. McCauley,* Malin L. Pinsky, Stephen R. Palumbi, James A. Estes,
Francis H. Joyce, Robert R. Warner
Science 16 January 2015:    Vol. 347 no. 6219   DOI: 10.1126/science.1255641
Summary
“Marine defaunation, or human-caused animal loss in the oceans, emerged forcefully only hundreds of years ago, whereas terrestrial defaunation has been occurring far longer. Though humans have caused few global marine extinctions, we have profoundly affected marine wildlife, altering the functioning and provisioning of services in every ocean. Current ocean trends, coupled with terrestrial defaunation lessons, suggest that marine defaunation rates will rapidly intensify as human use of the oceans industrializes. Though protected areas are a powerful tool to harness ocean productivity, especially when designed with future climate in mind, additional management strategies will be required. Overall, habitat degradation is likely to intensify as a major driver of marine wildlife loss. Proactive intervention can avert a marine defaunation disaster of the magnitude observed on land.”
Why is marine wild life so essential for us?
“Marine defaunation is already affecting human well-beinginnumerouswaysbyimperilingfood
sustainability, increasing social conflict, impairing storm protection, and reducing flows of other ecosystem services (64,65). The most conspicuous service that marine fauna make to society is the contribution of their own bodies to global diets. Marine animals, primarily fishes, make up a large proportion of global protein intake, and this contribution is especially strong for impoverished coastal nations (66). According to the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), 40 times more wild animal biomass is harvested from the oceans than from land (67). Declines in this source of free-range marine food represent a major source of concern (65).”
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Dear Andras, I have been telling my students who will be future leaders of our society that they need to manage and solve the problems of our country including polluted rivers, open burning and haze, OVER FISHING (related to this question)., over dependence on foreign labor.  In my country, this link gives info about overfishing.
“Healthy marine habitats, through the effective protection and management of key areas, are vital for people’s food security, livelihoods, and economic stability. WWF welcomes this significant accomplishment of the Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs, Fisheries, and Food Security,” says Jackie Thomas, WWF Coral Triangle Programme Leader.
“With effective management and investment, these areas can help reduce pressure on fish stocks by preventing overfishing, destructive fishing, and habitat degradation—the very threats causing fish stocks to decline. They will lead, over time, to increases in fish populations, size, and biomass, allowing spillover to nearby fishing grounds,” adds Thomas.
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Referring to the definition introduced by Ajzen (1991) attitude can be measured via multiplying two values. Firstly is the individuals' beliefs about the consequences of the behavior and their evaluation about those consequences.
However in Value-Belief-Norm theory developed by Stern (1999) new construct was presented named Awareness of the Consequences. 
Which to wide extend showed to be similar to aforementioned construct in TPB.   
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Dear Florent,
Beforehand I would like to thank you for your answer and consideration.
Actually I had read that article a while ago and it was quite useful however, the ambiguity that I mentioned about difference between those constructs still remained to me.  
It is probably my problem about understanding the exact meaning of those constructs. I think I need to spend more time and read more about them.
Regards
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  Or a proxy for measuring the enforceability of environmental standards, laws, and regulations on cross-country basis, or in a specific country or region across time. Some variable that can be taken to measure the extent of environmental awareness/policy actions.   
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Dear Amany,
This is an interesting question indeed.
ISO 14001 is an International Standard of worldwide acceptance based on the concept that better environmental performance can be achieved when environmental aspects are systematically identified and managed, through pollution prevention, improved environmental performance and complying with applicable laws.
ISO 14001 specifies requirements for an environmental management system to enable an organization to develop and implement a policy and objectives which take into account legal requirements and information about significant environmental aspects.
Although legislation is not the same all over the world, some countries do support ISO 14001 certification more than others (e.g., by public programs or procurement) and there might be some variation on Certification Bodies criteria, I would suggest try to study if the number of ISO 14001 certified organizations by country and Industry sector can be used as a possible proxy for your work.
According to ISO Survey 2013 (www.iso.org/iso/iso-survey) until the end of December 2013, at least 301,647 ISO 14001:2004 certificates had been issued in 171 countries and there are indeed some differences to be remarked between countries.
I wish you the best.
Luis Fonseca
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Due to solid waste dumping yard, how many possibilities are there to affect the groundwater table to its nearby area. Why do we test the water pollution to the surrounding area due to dump yard?
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Attached is our state's sample protocol for sampling groundwater.  It requires monitoring wells at the periphery to sample.
You'll need to go through each section to understand what is required to get valid data.
Selecting the parameters you want to sample for depends on what the local concerns are. There's other literature out there for the constituents of Leachate (water that leaches contaminants from waste).
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Environmental awareness is a very serious issue globally. Looking at this, many countries made the the course 'Environmental Studies' compulsory in all streams, may it be art commerce, science, engineering, medical studies. But teenage students of this age (16 to 19) don't take the subject seriously, which defeats the sole motto of the awareness issue.
I wish to get suggestion from teaching and social fraternity to make this course more effective, more interactive, and more interesting so that students will study it seriously and inculcate good habits to preserve the environment.
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If i would me teaching them, i would say that imagine this classroom as our planet earth and ask each of them to burn a piece of paper one by one .On practicing this room will become smokey and then i will tell them how we are contribution in pollution and then tell them what kind of impact they are producing on the environment. then i will tell them to open the windows to blowout the smoke. soon the air of room will become fresh with fresh charge of air. then i will relate the opening of windows with the trees. hope u will like my idea.
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I have conducted limited research on the Causes of Climate Change starting with the 1997 Kyoto Conference and would be interested in any research done to examine or critique the adequacy of the Science used by the UN Panel on Climate Change to predict future global climate changes due to man-made causes.
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With reference to Fabrice Lambert. There is an exhaustive survey of the often claimed 97% here: http://www.friendsofscience.org/assets/documents/97_Consensus_Myth.pdf
One may not like the origin or purpose of the organisation behind the survey, but the statistics talks for itself.
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I have researched the relationship between environmental attitude and family environment, achievement and learning styles.
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We tried assessment of students knowledge and awareness of students regarding environmental issues.
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Car sharing systems are facing some problems to achieve success, on several places; while few others seem to succeed. Why does it happens. What are the main factor that you think can explain success or insuccess of such systems? Any clues considering previous studies?
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This may help:
Factors influencing car use for commuting and the intention to reduce it: A question of self-interest or morality?
Wokje Abrahamse, Linda Steg, Robert Gifford, Charles Vlek
Department of Psychology, University of Groningen, The Netherlands; Department of Psychology, University of Victoria, Canada
Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour 01/2009; DOI:10.1016/j.trf.2009.04.004
ABSTRACT Car use for commuting contributes to various environmental and traffic problems, such as pollution and congestion. Policies aimed at reducing commuter car use will be more effective when they target important determinants of car use and willingness to reduce it. This study examined whether variables reflecting self-interest (from the theory of planned behavior [Ajzen, I. (1985). From intentions to actions: A theory of planned behavior. In J. Kuhl & J. Beckmann (Eds.), Action control: From cognition to behavior (pp. 11–39). Berlin: Springer]) and variables reflecting moral considerations (from the norm-activation model [Schwartz, S. H. (1977). Normative influences on altruism. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.). Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 10, pp. 221–279). New York: Academic Press]) were able to explain self-reported car use for commuting and intentions to reduce it in a sample of Canadian office workers. Car use for commuting was mostly explained by variables related to individual outcomes (perceived behavioral control and attitudes) whereas the intention to reduce car use was mostly explained by variables related to morality (personal norms). The study also found that perceived behavioral control moderated the relation between personal norms and behavioral intentions: stronger personal norms were associated with stronger behavioral intentions, but only when perceived behavioral control was low. Some issues evoked by these results are discussed.
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Global discourses of sustainability and post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals tend to be based on the Brundtland definition (meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs) or focus on specifically environmental aspects. Indigenous communities seem to have very different worldviews e.g. deep interconnectedness of human beings, nature and spirit, and different understandings of time ('Dreamtime', connection to ancestors, responsibility to the seventh generation). If anyone is looking at the connection between indigenous values and sustainability indicators I would love to hear from you, especially if you can provide any references.
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Hi,
I work with a team of researchers developing, facilitating and negotiating quality of governance standards for multi-stakeholders in the sustainable development arena. We are trialling a participation methodology in Nepal, including Indigenous representatives.
Tim
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I would like to know the various pressures with significant impacts on our environment and their effects as well.
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Human population and Human consumption of oil, coal, and natural gas.
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I believe that the challenges ahead for human beings are environmental degradation, poverty and peace. In other words, we need to work on saving the Earth, alleviating poverty and establishing peace.
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I will add corruption to the list of challenges.