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Entrepreneurship Development - Science topic

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In your country, does the state support SME entrepreneurs in order to reduce the scale of potential company bankruptcies that are likely to occur in the context of rising energy prices?
There are reports in the media of various governmental, financial support solutions for SME entrepreneurs, subsidy programmes for the purchase costs of more expensive fuel and electricity. Such interventionist measures by the government are being implemented in order to limit the scale of potential company bankruptcy, which will probably occur in connection with rising energy prices. The key objective of this type of anti-crisis, interventionist economic policy is to limit the scale of the economic downturn, increase in unemployment, decrease in production, decrease in tax revenue to the state budget, etc., which will probably appear in the following quarters in connection with the continuing high inflation, growing prices of fuels, electricity and other production factors, which constitute a significant part of the costs of the processes of producing goods and offering services by economic entities. Since such governmental programmes for supporting entrepreneurship are financed from the funds of the state finance system, an important factor limiting the scale of their application is the level of indebtedness of the state finance system, the governmental practices carried out in terms of adding money and introducing additional amounts of uncovered money into the economy, as well as the level of inflation. However, in the context of current policy, the issue of limiting the projected rise in unemployment and the downturn in the economy can be considered a priority.
What is your opinion on this subject?
Please reply,
I invite you all to discuss,
Thank you very much,
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Yes, we do in Thailand. SMEs are composed of about 98% of total businesses in Thailand. Thai government has a number of units established to help support SMEs especially during the COVID situation. The government has done a number of funding projects to help them but there are always some limits of help provided that they have to help themselves too.
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What is the role of local government units in terms of activating entrepreneurship and innovation, in terms of developing cooperation with local business, supporting the development of cooperation and clusters of companies cooperating with other entities, stimulating economic development in the municipal area, in the region?
In the context of the forecast decline in the economic activity of companies and enterprises in the coming quarters, the projected downturn in the national and regional economy, the decline in production and investment, the increase in unemployment and the current economic problems associated with high inflation, the importance of activating entrepreneurship and innovation of economic entities is growing. Within the framework of the interventionist, anti-crisis, Keynesian socio-economic policy, the government and central government agencies carry out programmes to activate entrepreneurship and innovativeness of economic entities, including companies and enterprises of the SME sector using specific financial instruments of fiscal, budgetary, sectoral policies, etc. On the other hand, a particularly important role in the activation of entrepreneurship and innovativeness of business entities of the SME sector operating in the area of the local economy of the municipality is also played by local government units. Local self-governments play an important role in terms of activating entrepreneurship and innovation, in terms of developing cooperation with local business, supporting the development of cooperation and clusters of companies cooperating with other entities, stimulating economic development in the area of the municipality, in the region. Effectively and efficiently conducted by local governments in this regard can significantly reduce the scale of downturn development in the local economy. When many units of local self-government efficiently activate economic processes, entrepreneurship and innovativeness, then the whole national economy goes through an economic crisis, recession, downturn more smoothly. As a result, the scale of the increase in unemployment and economic downturn is lower.
What do you think about this subject?
Please reply,
I invite you all to discuss,
Thank you very much,
Warm regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Role of local governments in the development and promotion of SMEs is a very interesting area for research and policy developments. Jorge Morales Pedraza the points you have raised are very relevant ones as well. Besides the seven points, the local governments also act as catalysts for promotion of innovations, especially, frugal innovations, which thereby enable the SMEs to explore commercial avenues for product development, marketing and trade, leading to value creation and and the well being of all those engaged into the SME related activities. The pandemic Coivd-19 give a further fillip to the local SMEs to expand their horizons with support from the local governments in many ways.
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If you were managing a startup fund and had USD 1 billion to invest, what kind of business ventures would you fund?
What kind of startups would you co-found? What types of industries, themes, business development goals would you financially support if you were managing a fund investing in startups?
In which business fields of operating or start-ups would you financially support and develop?
What do you think?
Please reply,
I invite you all to discuss,
Thank you very much,
Greetings,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Irrespective of the industry (or sector or theme), investors favor star-ups that :
  • Make clear the passion, commitment, and integrity of the founders;
  • Suggest that the market opportunity being addressed (and so the potential for the company) will grow;
  • Demonstrate a well thought-out business plan and evidence early progress toward its accomplishment;
  • Embody interesting technology or intellectual property;
  • Are appropriately valued, with reasonable terms; and
  • Offer the promise that additional rounds of startup funding can be raised if continuing progress is made.
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My question is in the context of entrepreneurship development among students, especially in developing countries
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I followed the emergence and consolidation of the Bio-Rio Foundation, of pioneering business incubators in Brazil, and was able to grasp the importance of such tools for the development of entrepreneurship.
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Activation of entrepreneurship and innovation is essential for effective socio-economic development of the national economy.
Failure in entrepreneurship in the context of entire markets, sectors, the whole society, the entire economy is a negative effect of taking risks in the situation of starting a business and running a business.
This is the price of few, spectacular business successes. Therefore, it should not be reduced due to the existence of investment risk. Investment risk should be examined, analyzed, measured and hedged, for example, in the form of maintaining established, estimated financial provisions for the situation of potential loss of financial liquidity. An entrepreneur should take risks, accept a certain level of investment risk, measured and hedged risk.
Entrepreneurship should be supported by both public sector institutions and through private investment funds that finance the development of innovative startups. In modern knowledge-based economies, the state through central and through local government public institutions should support the development of entrepreneurship and innovation.
In view of the above, the current question is: Should the state support the development of entrepreneurship and innovation?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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I also think that.
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The situation in underdeveloped economies (or as termed by the United Nations "Least Developed Countries") is that education barely provides the corporate sector with a qualified workforce.
In developed economies, Entrepreneurship is oriented as a course or degree targeting individuals aiming to acquire the skills required for undertaking entrepreneurial activities. However, in underdeveloped economies, individuals join universities for education for the purpose of securing a job opportunity.
Now, what could the best course of action be?
Could orienting Entrepreneurship as a degree pay off in creating future entrepreneurs in such economies? is it benefitable and contributary?
Or is it better to orient Entrepreneurship through subjects in the curricula rather than establish a track dedicated for entrepreneurship ending with a Batchelor's Degree in Entreprneeurship?
Thank you in advance for your input.
Mugaahed
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Very good question Mugaahed Abdu Kaid Saleh , I wonder what happens if one looks at it from the perspective of Observation vs Necessity.
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Can the activation of innovation and entrepreneurship be an important factor in defending the domestic economy against the forecasted, progressive slowdown in economic growth in the global economy in 2019?
Does the activation of economic processes through the development of pro-development innovation policy programs, activation of innovation and entrepreneurship can be an important factor in defending the national economy against a progressive slowdown in economic growth in the global economy and against the risk of a recession in the domestic economy that could occur through cross-border trade and international capital flows?
The importance of this question is important especially for countries with an open economy with a large share of cross-border trade and the growing share of globalization processes. In addition, this question is valid in the context of the projected slowdown in economic growth in many countries in 2019.
In view of the above, I am asking you the following question:
Can the activation of innovation and entrepreneurship be an important factor in defending the domestic economy against the forecasted, progressive slowdown in economic growth in the global economy in 2019?
Please reply
Best wishes
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With the appearance of a new variant of the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus called Omicron at the end of November 2021, a key question has arisen: Can a new, mutant coronavirus be completely resistant to the vaccines used so far? Research is ongoing. The answer to this question will soon be known. When considering various scenarios for the future development of the situation, a negative scenario cannot be ruled out. And what if the new variant of the coronavirus can be completely resistant to the vaccines used so far. Can lockdowns be introduced on companies and enterprises operating in specific industries and sectors of the economy as part of the application of systemic anti-pandemic security instruments? And if so, to what extent will anti-crisis, interventionist anti-crisis measures be applied in order to counteract another wave of economic downturn? What instruments of entrepreneurship activation can be used? What do you think about it?
I invite everyone to the discussion,
Thank you very much,
Best regards,
Dariusz
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Academic incubators of innovation and entrepreneurship are developed at universities to support innovation and entrepreneurship of students. Incubators are also a supplement to the educational program in the field of activating the innovation and entrepreneurship of students. Incubators sometimes also perform functions or cooperate with a career office for students. Career offices collect employment offers and organize internships for students through cooperation with companies and institutions that employ or give practice to students.
Sometimes academic incubators of innovation and entrepreneurship also cooperate with various institutions and companies in which students find employment or take apprenticeships. In addition, academic incubators of innovation and entrepreneurship, cooperating with various institutions and companies, enable the establishment of clusters of innovation, in which various economic entities, public institutions, scientific institutes and universities cooperate with each other. In this way, the possibilities of entrepreneurship development and generation of innovative solutions in assumed and developed research projects and startups are increasing.
Sometimes, also with the innovation cluster or business incubator, financial institutions cooperate, primarily banks offering financial support in the form of preferential loans for developing innovative startups. However, at the early stage of the establishment of business activity by students and organizations, the most important role is provided by substantive support in the field of advising on the formal and legal issues and accounting service of the university, lecturers and employees of the academic entrepreneurship incubator.
Do you agree with my opinion on this matter?
In view of the above, I am asking you the following question:
What is the role of academic business incubators?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Dear Roberto - Minadeo,
Yes. I, too, believe, like you, that academic business incubators are an important source of social and business innovation and entrepreneurship.
Thank you, Regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Dear all!
I hope you had a wonderful weekend. At the moment Im in the later stages of planning a hopefully good quantitative article in entrepreneurship. I will use connections in the industry (to do the dirty work of actually convincing people to participate )where Im active and my question is, what do you deem to be an acceptable sample size for a questionnaire about decision making, connecting into other areas?
It is a relatively small business community in our country so sample size can not be 1000, if yes there must be a discussion about expanding the geographical area.I know what the literature says but what is your experience regarding minimum sample size in different level journals. No need to say Im a qualitative researcher seeking to make an excursion into enemy territory :-)
Thank you so much for your input in advance.
Best wishes Henrik
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Dear Henrik,
For such quantitative size of survey as You want the best thing is to use Paniott formula. Please, take a glance on Paniott formula on Google.
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What should be the economic policy for supporting the development of entrepreneurship and innovation?
Should an active, Keynesian and interventionist policy be used to increase spending from the state budget on the development of entrepreneurship support programs and innovativeness of business entities?
However, should neo-classical economics expenditures from the public finance system for programs supporting entrepreneurship and innovation of business entities be small, according to the concept in which the essence of entrepreneurship and innovation lies in its self-acting objective initiation, organization and development?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Dear Badar Latif,
Yes, during the economic crisis caused in 2020 by the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic, the importance of improving interventionist, anti-crisis state aid instruments, one of the goals of which is to support the development of entrepreneurship and innovation, prevent the rise in unemployment and the development of economic recession.
Thank you very much,
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Locally operating business entities should be promoted by chambers of commerce.
Entrepreneurship and innovation should be supported by central and local government units of public administration.
In addition, investment funds should co-finance innovative investment projects characterized by a high level of innovation.
However, in the education system, the issue of promoting local entrepreneurship of innovation may be taken into account, indicating the high level of significance of this issue for the economic development of the local self-government economy as well as in the context of the national economy.
In view of the above, the current question is: How to support and activate innovation and entrepreneurship?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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Dear Phil Barbonis,
I'm in a hurry to answer. Well, the above-mentioned chambers of commerce are created by entrepreneurs running companies and enterprises operating within specific industries and sectors of the economy. In chambers of commerce, entrepreneurs are associated in order to jointly work out solutions to specific economic problems, develop new solutions and innovations, develop ways and methods of more effective implementation of innovations and ways of solving economic problems, and then submit these proposals to parliamentary circles, parliamentary teams of politicians and experts lobbying specific solutions. This is how a large part of the national and regional chambers of commerce in the country in which I operate operate. In individual countries, there are different chambers of commerce, they have different statutory goals, and have different functions and organizational culture. Maybe this results in a different interpretation of the role and importance of chambers of commerce in my and your statements.
Best wishes,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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I am trying to frame the idea of resilience from sen's capability approach in the area of entrepreneurship.
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Yes i Think
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How can the social security system and the tax burden of business activities affect entrepreneurship and innovation on a national basis?
In my opinion, entrepreneurship develops effectively and becomes more and more competitive if the state creates the right conditions for entrepreneurs. First of all, low tax burden and low costs of contributions to the social insurance system. Contributions to the social security system should be adapted to the situation of running a business and the level of income.
On the other hand, there are countries in which the very fact of establishing a business entails the need to pay taxes and high premiums for the social security system even when real economic activity is not carried out and / or does not bring any or very low income and no profits. Such unfriendly tax and business activity systems operate in some countries.
Paradoxically, in some countries, taxes and contributions to the social security system, mainly micro-enterprises, are most heavily burdened with taxes. Paradoxically, micro-enterprises are often the source of new business solutions, innovations, start-up startups, and they are the source of entrepreneurship.
In some countries, the contributions paid by entrepreneurs to micro-enterprises for the social insurance system are fully voluntary and this has not led to a collapse and crisis in the state's public finance system in these countries. Some of the countries in which these contributions are voluntary are rich, developed countries in which entrepreneurship and innovation are effectively developing.
On the other hand, those countries in which these contributions to the social insurance system are compulsory and regardless of the economic situation, regardless of the generated profits, earnings and whether they actually conduct business activity in real terms, the public finance situation is not the best. What do you think about it? What is your opinion on this matter?
In the context of the above issues, I am asking you the following question:
How can the social security system and the tax burden of business activities affect entrepreneurship and innovation on a national basis?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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The SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic in 2020 caused an economic recession in many countries. The scale of unemployment increased, the level of economic activity in many companies decreased, mainly in companies from the service sectors. Therefore, the governments of individual countries have used interventionist anti-crisis programs. As part of anti-crisis, interventionist and pro-development programs of socio-economic policy, including fiscal policy in individual countries, in order to limit the scale of unemployment growth, activate entrepreneurship, pull the economy out of the recession and the economic crisis caused in 2020 by the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic (Covid- 19) fiscal systems are modified, including the reduction of some types of taxes.
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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For achieving the collective objectives of entrepreneurship development & education, it is very essential that the faculty associated with Higher Educational Institutions and Universities know the goals of Entrepreneurship Development and Education and act accordingly.
Measuring and offering specific training and guidelines to faculty is crucial to make the entrepreneurship development and education process started by the state and central Govt. more effective:
This project creates an instrument (Measurement tool) that helps in estimating the university faculty readiness for entrepreneurship development and education.
There is a lack of relevant studies in this context particularly for a measurement tool specifically designed for accessing the readiness of university faculty and also there is the slackness of other related tools that could improve teachers’ readiness and development as entrepreneurship educators.
We wish to make this project a basis for the future development of a measurement tool and system for accessing entrepreneurship readiness and education activities from the teachers’ perspective as an entrepreneurship educator by understanding the teacher’s reflections on entrepreneurship education, focusing especially on the IDEA, PRACTICE, and MOTIVATION, UNDERSTANDING.
A reflective literature review on entrepreneurship tells suggests that there are very limited versions of specific information tools for measuring the faculty readiness for entrepreneurship. This project develops a measurement instrument to estimate the readiness for entrepreneurship of University faculty for PERPETUATION and development of the Entrepreneurial Ecosystem
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Hermann Gruenwald, I don't think so. I started my career as an entrepreneur and then moved on to learn technology and then decided to share my learnings and now I hvteach Entrepreneurship
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Greetings!
I hope you all are keeping safe. I am delighted to share this very small questionnaire (10 questions) as part of my research work on Entrepreneurship Development titled - ENTREPRENEURSHIP READINESS MEASURING TOOL FOR SPREADING THE ENTREPRENEURSHIP AWARENESS & EDUCATION AMONGST FACULTIES OF PRIVATE UNIVERSITIES IN UTTAR PRADESH.
I request you to kindly share and extend your valuable insights by answering the questions.
I further assure you that the information provided will be solely used for the purpose of my research with sincere confidentiality.
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done
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Are research and development programs for research centers cooperating with enterprises and other entities in clusters in order to activate entrepreneurship and innovation of business entities in your countries?
In recent years, cooperation programs for research and R & D centers with enterprises have been developed in some countries to activate entrepreneurship and innovation of business entities.
Because in developed countries information, innovations, new technologies and entrepreneurship are considered as one of the most important factors of the country's economic development and, as a consequence, also economic growth measured, for example, by the Gross Domestic Product in subsequent years.
In addition, research and research and implementation works are conducted in these themes, which further underline the high level of significance of innovation, new technologies and entrepreneurship in contemporary national economies.
Clusters are created within which enterprises undertake cooperation with other business entities, with scientific, research and implementation centers, universities, public sector institutions to exchange experiences, transfer knowledge, run and develop joint research and implementation projects, including innovative technological and process solutions, research, organizational and other.
In connection with the above, I am asking you the following question: Are research and development programs of research centers with enterprises and other entities in clusters conducted in your countries aimed at activating entrepreneurship and innovation of business entities?
Please, answer, comments,
I invite you to the discussion,
Thank you very much,
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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A very relevant discussion I must say. In India, the Government and various private academic institutions, as well as research centres, are partnering to develop business incubation hubs and start-up encouragements for researchers working in frontier areas of various fields. However, there is still a lot of scope for improvement in motivation, intent, plan and awareness about research to start-up transitions and entrepreneurship.
The following links can be accessed for detailed knowledge about various start-up schemes and funding in India:
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There are many articles distinguishing between Small Businesses Vs Startups . Apart from major differences such as access to resources and scale at they desire to operate, I believe there are many common areas of business that each can learn from the other. Though the goals of Small Business could be very different from a typical Start-Up, are there any lessons and or key takeaways for a small Business owners from Tech Startups?  For Eg: What a local gourmet-Cup Cake maker can learn from any of the Food Startups ? 
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Agree with Chinaza Godswill Awuchi
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How can entrepreneurship and innovation be stimulated to develop in the framework of improvement of pro-development socio-economic policy?
What are the main barriers to the development of innovation and entrepreneurship in your country and what should be improved in pro-innovation economic policy?
What should be changed in economic policy to reduce barriers to entrepreneurship and innovation?
In many developed countries, the main barriers to innovation are high labor costs, high taxes and parapositive contributions under the public finance system.
Are these barriers to the development of innovation and entrepreneurship in your country similar or different?
Please reply
Best wishes
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SMEs are the engine of the economy. These companies need more attention.
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I studied a number of research papers on "Knowledge Entrepreneurship". However, most of the researchers conducted qualitative research. Kindly, suggest me any quantitative research on Knowledge Entrepreneurship. Moreover, recommend the developed scale for Knowledge Entrepreneurship.
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Dear,Nida ji
Knowledge management and entrepreneurship
David B. Audretsch, Maksim Belitski, […]Erik E. Lehmann
International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal volume 16, pages373–385(2020)Cite this article
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Dear researchers and colleagues,
I hope you are well and in good health.
I wanted to design an individual-level interview protocol for refugee entrepreneurs and eco-system agents (e.g.., government agencies, investors, financial institutions, local development agencies, etc.)
I appreciate it if you can help me with related literature.
Many thanks
Hasan Ghura
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In his book "Ripples from the Zambezi" he describes a bottom-up approach for fostering entrepreneurship that is able to vitalize communities. I'd like to see independent proof of that claim.
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Hi Sally Curtis I have stopped looking. I am now looking at less grassroot initiative than what Ernesto Sirolli proposes, though I still think he is on the right track to first ask the "clients" what they want in order to ensure impact. The 2019 economy Nobel price to Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo and Michael Kremer for their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty is the perfect signal for all developmental activities out there.
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Dear all,
Social entrepreneurship could be one of the career options for fresh graduate students. However, the primary goal of social entrepreneurship is to create a social value for society, meaning that generating exorbitant money (for the owners of social enterprises) is not its primary agenda. Hence, social entrepreneurship may not be a favorable career option for all students. So, how can minimizing students goal from profit orientation to slowly social orientation?
Thanks in advance.
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Dear Abdo Hasan Al-Harasi, An amazing question that is not easy to answer. In my opinion, during the studies, during the educational process, students should be explained the essence and positive aspects of social entrepreneurship. Within the subject of Entrepreneurship, one should indicate the important role of social entrepreneurship in the context of activating economic growth in the social market economy. It is necessary to indicate the essence and significance of social economic entities, the importance of social aspects in business, corporate social responsibility, environmental social responsibility, etc. as important factors in the development of modern, contemporary developing economies. During their studies, students should learn and complete internships in social enterprises, where human capital is one of the most important production factors. Students should learn about examples of companies developing as startups within social entrepreneurship. Many examples of this type of companies function in technological industries, new Internet media, innovative technologies, research companies operating in marketing, consulting companies operating in support services for human capital development, etc. In addition, students should be indicated the support system from state institutions for business development, startups developed as part of social entrepreneurship, including the system of financial grants and startup funds offered by public institutions, agencies of the ministries of economy and entrepreneurship, and other institutions and economic entities. In addition, the university should develop cooperation with this type of business entities, startup funds, government agencies for business support, chambers of commerce in order to develop the offer of academic business incubators so that students receive support during their studies in the event of a desire to establish their own company, create a startup, a company operating, among others . as part of social entrepreneurship.
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Management theory was for long dominated by Causation, (just think about Kotler, in other words Planning, Implementing and follow up.) a different theory that has gained momentum in the last years ( Even if it was first launched in 2001 by Saras D Sarasvathy) is the theory of effectuation that is means driven instead of ends driven. I studied those theories quite extensively but found that when it comes to effectuation there is still no consensus, in other words the theory is not yet mature, something that is in my view a bit odd since the theory is 20 years old just about. Why do you think it has taken such a long time for this theory to mature? my second question. What is the relevance of Kotlers Marketing Management today? Still relevant or? Your thoughts?
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Both causation (Kotler) and effectuation (Sarasvathy) are very relevant, when it comes to understand marketing management. Advancing research into cognitive biases of managerial marketing process requires a better behavioral understanding of bounded rationality and intuitive reasoning.
In this sense, marketing is much more a (open loop) process than a (closed loop) system, in terms of behavioral interplay between prospective client and offered product in all the bazaars of life.
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I would like to combine the GEM (Global Entrepreneurship Monitor) dataset (observations from 2002-2015) with the GLOBE Phase 2 aggregated observations (study from 2004 - Entrepreneurial culture). My question is now whether it would be correct to extrapolate the GLOBE observation for the missing years or not.
If this is not possible, I could only use all observations from the GEM dataset for 2004 only.
Thank you very much for your help!
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Too risky.
Many things are changing in the "culture" and "societal values" in such a long period (2008 crisis, Arab spring, wars, populisms, ...) in order to neglect them and just extrapolating the situation of 2004 till 2015.
I hope to have been helpful
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I am willing to start my PhD research analysis once I finish collecting the data, and I've been asked to prepare a proposal data analysis.
My research is about the determinants of entrepreneurial spirit and my data is mainly qualitative so i am not sure which statistical analysis to use for my results? Any ideas ? Thank you
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I feel depending on your data set you can go for Parametric and Non parametric statistics. Sample size also matter while using any staistical tool. Qualtative data can be converted to quantitative data for using inferential statistics. So, lot of options are there in Para and Non parametric stat. I am also agree with Dr.Wilfred Omwansa Orori and Dr. Joseph Chukwuma.
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My PhD topic is related to "College education and entrepreneurship development". Suggest me which theory I can use in this regard. Thank you.
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Alvarez, S., & Barney, J. (2000). Entrepreneurial capabilities - A resource-based view. In G. D. Meyer & K. A. Heppard (Eds.), Entrepreneurship a strategy - Competing on the entrepreneurial edge (pp. 63-81). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Bhidé, A. v. (1994). How entrepreneurs craft strategies that work. Harvard Business Review, 72, 150-163.
Birch, D. L. (1979). The job generation process. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Borch, O. J., Huse, M., & Senneseth, K. (1999). Resource configuration, competitive strategies, and corporate entrepreneurship: an empirical examination of small firms. Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, 24(1), 49-70.
Borko, H., (1968), Information science: what is it? American documentation, Washington, v. 19, n. 1, p. 3-5.
Bryman, Alan, (2000), Research Methods and Organization Studies, Unwin Hyman
Carree, M. A., & Thurik, A. R. (2000). The impact of entrepreneurship on economic growth. In D. B. Audretsch & Z. J. Acs (Eds.), Handbook of Entrepreneurship (pp. 437-471). Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Covin, J. G., & Miles, M. P. (1999). Corporate entrepreneurship and the pursuit of competitive advantage. Entrepreneurship Theory & Practice, 23(3), 47-63.
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The enterprise sector of SMEs generates the majority of output of entire economies. To a large extent, therefore, the economic situation in the entire national economy depends on the economic and financial condition of economic entities in this sector.
The aim of activating economic processes is necessary to create and develop instruments of state intervention, thanks to which it is possible to effectively stimulate entrepreneurship and innovation of economic entities of the SME sector.
In view of the above, I would like to ask you: What are the instruments of state intervention in your countries to stimulate entrepreneurship and innovation in enterprises in the SME sector?
Please, answer, comments.
I invite you to the discussion.
Dear Friends and Colleagues of RG
The issues of the importance of innovativeness and entrepreneurship in economic development are described in the publication:
I invite you to discussion and cooperation.
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Hello, Sir
In my country, the state provides only loans.
Thank you
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What Factors contribute to the development of entrepreneurship?
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An environment that supports entrepreneurship should include access to four critical elements: funding, mentors, networks, and education. Funding often comes from friends and family and for many ventures that is all that is needed. However, for a growing number of technology ventures some type of outside investment is needed the de-risk the venture. Mentors are critical to helping founders develop a viable strategy and market approach and serve as a sounding board for ideation. Networks provide access to a wide variety of valuable insights from peers, successful entrepreneurs, functional or technical experts and investors. Finally, access to education support the growth of stable enterprises by helping founders better prepare for activities associated with regulatory compliance, accounting, digital presence, marketing, etc.
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There are four primary issues concerning the employment of graduates in Malaysia. The issue of rising unemployment among graduates; a mismatch between the abilities of graduates and the necessities of employment; the suitable of graduate job and the shrinkage of job in public and private sector. Therefore, researchers looks at the youth entrepreneurship development in Malaysia which to examines and identifies the entrepreneurial characteristics and skills for transformation and improvement in the delivery of entrepreneurship
programs.
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My interest is to showcase the enhancement of entrepreneurship development through MNC contributions
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You can study the link between corporate entrepreneurship and innovation in multinational firms. A recent paper on this topic is published in Strategic Management Journal:
Boone, C., Lokshin, B., Guenter, H., & Belderbos, R. 2019. Top management team nationality diversity, corporate entrepreneurship, and innovation in multinational firms. Strategic Management Journal, 40(2): 277-302.
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I am trying to find / establisch a link between Service Business Development (SBD) and Entrepreneurial Ecosystem (EE).
In my researsch i want to prove that the EE take place under a SBD strategy or following Business Model to develop regions or cities.
i would be more than happy to read your thoughts and ideas.
Thanks !
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The entrepreneurial ecosystem is fundamental or main, to favor business development, much better if considered under a regional development system, applicable to the characteristics of the region in particular.
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What kind of innovative start-ups are financed through crowdfunding?
Please reply
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Crowdfunding is one of the newer ways of funding a startup(s). So, some entrepreneurs put up a detailed description of their businesses on a crowdfunding platform. They mention the goals of their businesses, plans for making profits, how much funding they need and for what reasons and then consumers can read about the business(es) and give money if they like the ideas. Anyone can contribute money toward helping a business that they really believe in. Actually, we can say that there are some business ideas that are perfect for crowdfunding: Original tech gadgets; Independent books; Home cooking tools; Local Service businesses; Unique home inventions and etc.
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It is believed that incubators can contribute much in innovation and enterprise creation. however, their impact towards the achievement of these objectives is too variable from country to country and from region to region. So my question is, what is their developmental progress(be it evolutionary or revolutionary in the timeline), the impact on a country social and economic development (may be on empirical investigation basis) and the total number of incubators in the world?
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TBI are strategically used by emerging market countries like India, China and the Phillipines, with heavy funding impact. I do think it is a good seed strategy for startups and most of the money will not be wasted, i.e. the money-burn-rate always signals the degree of inexperience.
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How relatively easy or difficult is it to transition and move informal entrepreneurs to formal entrepreneurs?
What is required?
What is the best approach, or what approach would you follow?
What forms of education are required?
What is the likely timespan and resources required?
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meaning what? are you saying some informal entrepreneurs will find it hard, difficult, or impossible to transition to formal entrepreneurs, because of both/ either internal or external factors (context)?
Dieter Bögenhold , i think you are also perhaps suggesting one should differentiate among informal entrepreneurs, those who are truly keen and serious to transition to formal entrepreneurs. how would one do this?
would determination not be enough to negate context?
there is an entrepreneurial dichotomy of helping (holding hand) vs leaving alone (make it yourself). i suppose middle ground is best.
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If you were to teach entrepreneurship in levels or stages, how would you do this?
How many stages or levels would you have, and what would you teach at each stage or level?
What would be very easy, basic, skills and knowledge that can be easily taught and transferred in very little time?
Similarly, what would be intermediate and then advanced skills and knowledge to teach and transfer?
And what would you deem the entry requirements or prerequisites of your levels to be, as a reflection of the level and what is taught at the particular level?
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Stages:
1. Imparting subject knowledge
2. Practical implementation through incubation centers
3. Actual Business (Facilitation and Guidance)
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what are typical development levels or stages of creativity?
Many things, fields, etc have development stages or levels. Leadership is a good example. The individual goes through certain stages in and as part of development of his leadership competency.
It is typical to refer to stages in the context of expertise.
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We should always be ready to expect the unexpected.
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While entrepreneurship is spoken of as a catalyst for economic activity, what empirical evidence does the relationship between entrepreneurship and development show?
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Strongly agree, Dariusz Prokopowicz but always bearing in mind that the period to evaluate the relationship, especially if we take into account the development of entrepreneurial spirit in nascent companies, should be medium and long term, taking even decades.
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How much education and knowledge does the entrepreneur need?
This is referring to common/ ordinary entrepreneurs - the average entrepreneur - and not "lucky stars" or "fly by nights".
At the same time, it also does not refer to "wannabe" or "going nowhere" entrepreneurs.
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If we restrict the question to now much education in entrepreneurship an entrepreneur needs, a large amount of formal education is not required. The skills necessary to succeed can be learned informally. In Silicon Valley, there are lots of organizations that support the entrepreneurial ecosystem such as the Silicon Valley Forum, that hosts educational seminars, networking events with investors, and connects entrepreneurs with mentors.
In my own experience, as mentioned in a previous post, to a question posed by Brian, the academic training as part of an MBA program is wholly inadequate. It focuses on the wrong things. In your typical course it is structured around writing the various sections of the business plan, culminating as a business plan as a capstone project. That is of minor importance compared to other aspects like navigating business registration, raising money (the professor tells you that the business plan is a plan, when it in fact is a sales document for raising money), real estate transactions, HR issues, insurance, managing cash flow (guerrilla finance), negotiating.
Were I teaching in a business school, I would be using lots of guest lecturers, veterans of startup companies to tell their stories, especially their failures, so that the students can benefit from the entrepreneur's mistakes. This is so superior to doing packaged case studies, which really just prepare MBAs for case study interviews, useful in itself, but produces what we call at Cisco 'MBA weenies'. They don't actually know very much and lack appreciation for subtlety and detail.
One of the big weaknesses of business school for teaching entrepreneurship is that the skills you learn in business school actually discourages entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurs need to have an erroneous estimate of the probability of success to undertake the venture in the first place. (For this reason, every investor knows that the finance plan in a business plan is an optimistic fiction.) Were you to act as a rational economic actor, you would never undertake the venture in the first place. All that financial modeling you do in the required finance class in an AACSB accredited MBA is not very useful. Nor in accounting do they teach you the guerrilla finance tactics to stay alive when you have a new product and no customers.
To recap, formal schooling is not that valuable, but informal education and mentoring is invaluable. I learned more in lunch time conversations with Don Massaro (Shugart Associates, Xerox, Metaphor, Silicon Gaming, Reconnex) than I ever could have learned in school.
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What kind of scientific research dominate in the field of Activation of innovation and entrepreneurship?
Please, provide your suggestions for a question, problem or research thesis in the issues: Activation of innovation and entrepreneurship.
Please reply.
I invite you to the discussion
Best wishes
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In view of the above, it is also important to include in the above discussion also the following issue:
How do ecological innovations co-create the implementation of sustainable pro-ecological economic development?
In the coming years, humanity should carry out pro-ecological reforms of the classic energy based on the burning of minerals by converting it into environmentally friendly energy based on renewable energy sources. It should be possible to allocate as much as possible to this environmentally-friendly transformation of the energy industry because what will be realized in this matter over the next dozen or so years depends on the pace of the progressive and accelerating process of greenhouse gas emissions and global warming. Ecological innovations developed primarily in the field of new technologies of renewable energy sources are helpful in the process of proecological energy transformation.
Thanks to ecological innovations, the scope and possibilities of implementing sustainable ecological development are increasing. In connection with the progressing global warming process, it is necessary to develop eco-innovations in the field of renewable energy development, improvement of sorting techniques, recycling, electromobility, organic farming, plastic reduction from packaging and conversion of plastics to biodegradable materials, etc.
In this way, through the development of ecological innovations and their implementation on an industrial scale, it is possible to implement sustainable pro-ecological economic development in modern economies. This is a key challenge for humanity in the 21st century. It is a challenge to the necessary and possibly quick implementation in the coming years.
Do you agree with my opinion on this matter?
In view of the above, I am asking you the following question:
How do ecological innovations co-create the implementation of sustainable pro-ecological economic development?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Currently, higher education plays an important role in developing entrepreneurship among students. However, there are various didactic methods, thanks to which the entrepreneurship among students is stimulated and improved. What didactic methods are used to stimulate and develop entrepreneurship among students is conditioned by many factors related to the type, organization and functioning of a specific university, prevailing in the country standards of the teaching and higher education system, developed and implemented educational programs and financial resources, as well as a system of financial support for the development of innovative start-ups and other business ventures set up by students, the specificity of functioning and development of university incubators and accelerators of entrepreneurship and innovation.
Do you agree with my opinion on this matter?
In view of the above, I am asking you the following question:
What solutions are used in your country in your country?
How can teaching entrepreneurship and innovation be developed at universities?
How can incubators of entrepreneurship and innovation be developed at universities?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Entrepreneurship is one of the key competences, and its' basic definition is ''turns ideas into action''. Each learning outcome/teaching goal that enables students to ''turn ideas into action'' is a part of ent. learning.
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Once you have the idea for an innovative startup, what are the barriers to setting up and developing innovative startups? Are these limited by the source of external financing? Is there no institutional support from the state? Is this related to the significance scale of the issue of activating entrepreneurship and innovation as an important part of pro-development economic policy?
Most startups after 1 - 2 years of functioning cease to function or announce financial bankruptcy and fall out of the market on which they operate. What are the main determinants that lead to this? Are they just wrong strategic decisions of the management of these business entities or other factors?
Do you agree with my opinion on this matter?
In view of the above, I am asking you the following question:
What are the barriers to setting up and developing innovative startups?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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There are variables that exist in an entrepreneurial ecosystem and their interplay creates and environment conducive for entrepreneurship to develop and grow. Isenberg's has proposed a model that illustrates these variables, but it is not known if there exists a certain 'configuration of variables' that optimizes their impact on the entrepreneurial ecosystem? and if does exist, does it change at different levels within an economy i.e. country, city or cluster?
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Dear Dr. Azam Pasha,
Dr. Davidson's book entitled "Researching Entrepreneurship" will help you about variables and levels of analysis in entrepreneurship.
Pleas find attached file.
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I conducted a qualitative study on entrepreneurship and sustainable growth. I'm looking for a tool to do a follow up quantitative study that measures the relationship between the entrepreneur's characteristics and growth. I'm looking for a validated tool that I could use (preferably free) in this study.
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Honestly speaking, if you want to get a validated questionnaire, you must have a good control over past literatures. You may also follow some guidlines to make your questionnaire more valid
1. Do pretest
2. Do pilot test (It is totally different from pretest)
3. You may run EFA to check the poor factor loading (less than .6) and delete those items.
4. Again prepare the questionnaire with those items which confirm good loaded factors.
5. Distribute the questionnaire to get your expected data.
6. Now, run individual CFA and check your data.
Hopefully, you will get better result!!!!
Thanks.
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The way of development in the economic, social and cultural fields in the information society passes through the combination of qualified person, qualified enterprise, qualified society and even qualified world in our global environment. In this context, the qualified person is the sine qua non of success. Being qualified means not only the feature to do a job in the best way (in terms of technical), but also the moral and moral values (ethics) of the person. In this sense, which technical, moral and ethical values should a digital entrepreneur have? How are these values gained?
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The digital entrepreneur should have ability to maximize the usage of media social that give big impact on business online and offline . And of course the integrity part of the value should remain intact
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Activation of innovativeness and entrepreneurship of economic processes, especially in the field of stimulating the business activity of enterprises from the SME sector is the key issue of potential improvement of the economic growth rate of the country, increase in employment, production, investments, income, etc.
Activation of innovation and entrepreneurship of economic processes is also one of the key determinants of pro-development, counter-cyclical, interventionist economic policy.
In connection with the above, I am asking you the following question:
In your opinion, what are the most effective instruments for activating innovation and entrepreneurship in economic processes?
Please reply
Best wishes
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Activating innovation requires that an environment that encourages recreative thinking, sustainability of the business idea. There is need to build a network of groups for synergy building and information sharing. There is also a need to mentor the entrepreneurial disposition of the individual so that he can muster motivation
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One of the reviewers of the manuscript I'm working on with my colleagues, requires from us to present Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) data separate for opportunity driven entrepreneurship and necessity driven entrepreneurship, also to compare them for developed and underdeveloped countries.
From my point of understanding of reviewer's demands, I have lots of questions, but the few of them are the main.
First of all, is there in GEM the outlook of opportunity driven entrepreneurship and necessity driven entrepreneurship - the data separate for opportunity and necessity driven entrepreneurship?
If it's not a case, if there is no separate outlook of opportunity and necessity driven entrepreneurship, is it necessary for me to derivate (or integrate, or...) the information from the other data? Which the data I must use? How to do that (derivation, integration...), to perform this?
After that, is there a general outlook of (the data separate for) opportunity driven entrepreneurship and necessity driven entrepreneurship, that points to the developed and underdeveloped economies (the developed and underdeveloped countries)? Or the outlook of data which I could use to compare the developed and underdeveloped countries in this situation?
If it's not a case, is it necessary for me to find the information on opportunity driven and necessity entrepreneurship (if available?) for each country separately (let's say SEE countries vs developed countries in Europe), and then integrate (or derivate, or...) them for some further analysis? In that case, how can I perform this process?
I'm very appreciate for any help I can get. Thanks.
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Thanks Dragan, I meant Serbia, but the Chrome corrected as "Siberia" when I misspelled "Serbia".
Recently the GEM published a report that includes the answer of your question (https://www.gemconsortium.org/about/news/62). The page has the pdf file for 2017/2018 period, and it summarizes the all data of GEM monitor. Your question is about TEA (Total early-stage entrepreneurial activity) that indicator has also motivation of entrepreneurs on the basis of opportunity and necessity. Table 5 of pages 112-113 of the rapor tells about "Ranking of Entrepreneurial Motivation for TEA by Region". Of course the table has not been consisted by developed/undeveloped countries but on the basis of region. That means you should analysis yourself using the GEM data as I did for Syria and Turkey (http://betadergi.com/jeim/yonetim/icerik/makaleler/99-published.pdf, page 40, Turkish).
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What instruments of activating innovation and entrepreneurship are used in your country and what is the effectiveness of using these instruments?
Are innovation and entrepreneurship significantly increasing in your country as a result of the application of specific instruments for activating innovation and entrepreneurship?
Effectively developed innovation and entrepreneurship should translate into improved growth and economic development.
Therefore, in many developed countries, the state develops programs to support entrepreneurship and innovation.
However, various instruments are used to activate innovation and entrepreneurship in individual countries.
In addition, taking into account the diversified level of economic development and the unequal conditions for the development of enterprises, the effectiveness of applying specific instruments for the activation of innovation and entrepreneurship in individual countries may also be uneven.
Has any of you conducted research in this area?
I am asking for links to scientific publications in which the results of research on the above issues have been presented.
Therefore, I am asking you the following questions:
What instruments of activating innovation and entrepreneurship are used in your country and what is the effectiveness of using these instruments?
Are innovation and entrepreneurship significantly increasing in your country as a result of the application of specific instruments for activating innovation and entrepreneurship?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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Worried about the unemployed youth, Govt. of India is trying to push the youth towards entrepreneurship as jobs created are few and far between. I am a strong advocate of and believe in "Entrepreneurship without innovation has no root and innovation without entrepreneurship has no fruit" (Quote from my book Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation).
A wide spectrum of new programmes and opportunities to nurture innovation have been created by the Government of India across a number of sectors; Atal Incubation Center being one of the great initiative for Innovation and Entrepreneurship..
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Barriers to the development of entrepreneurship and innovation can be many. In particular countries this issue looks different. For example, in some developing countries the main barrier is the lack of start-up financing programs from loan funds and public sector subsidies. while in some developed countries the main barriers include high labor costs, high taxes, high competition, etc. In order for the country to develop, in order to record high economic growth of a given economy, these barriers to entrepreneurship and innovation should be reduced, reduced and removed. In each country, certain small or large barriers to the development of entrepreneurship and innovation can be identified. if they are small or large it can also be a relative issue. In order to accurately diagnose them, it is necessary to carry out multi-criteria comparative analyzes in which, on the basis of precisely selected and developed measures, objective comparative studies of determinants of development and barriers to entrepreneurship and innovation of particular countries were carried out. Based on the results of these studies, it would be clear that barriers to entrepreneurship and innovation should first be reduced and removed. The issue of reducing these barriers is particularly important in today's emerging knowledge-based economies, in which the fourth technological revolution has already been diagnosed and identified as Industry 4.0. I do not think that at present there is no country where the high level of significance of this problem would not be recognized.
In view of the above, the current question is: Barriers to the development of entrepreneurship and innovation in current knowledge-based economies?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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One of the important factors activating entrepreneurship and innovation is the inclusion of these issues in the curriculum at schools and universities. In this way, one of the developmental barriers can be reduced.
Education is one of the most important determinants of ensuring the country's economic development. It is also one of the forms of public goods, one of the social security categories for which the state is responsible for ensuring and financing at a given basic level. In addition, education in a modern, knowledge-based society, ie in contemporary developed economies, is becoming more and more important. In such economies, education shapes one of the most important factors of production, ie knowledge, information, technology, innovations and entrepreneurship.
I invite you to the discussion
Best wishes
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I found it insightful and relevant for SA. below is the Abstract
ABSTRACT
This paper investigates the less than acceptable performance of rural entrepreneurship development
programmes in the state of Rajasthan (India). A case study method of research was deployed seeking
feedback of participants of three entrepreneurship development programmes. Feedback was obtained
from two audiences- those who completed the programme and those who either did not attend the
programme or dropped out at some stage. Investigation resulted into identification of several areas of
inadequate performance- choice and deployment of faculty, course material, expectations of the
participants, timing, delivery and focus of the programme. Authors
recommend a major shift in delivery
of these programmes. In place of a fixed duration one-off programme, authors suggest institutionalizing
an entrepreneurship development process. The study departs from earlier studies those suggest some
disparate improvements against the immediate problems identified. The paper strongly argues a radical
rethink in delivery of the contents as part of continuous ongoing hierarchical process.
(4) (PDF) Entrepreneurship Development: Programme or Process. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/265241698_Entrepreneurship_Development_Programme_or_Process [accessed
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In my opinion, the role of activating innovativeness and implementing new technologies in the industry is important for the effective economic development of the country and supports the sustainable development of the national economy.
In sustainable socio-economic development of the national economy, one of the most important issues is the activation of innovation and entrepreneurship in order to stimulate the development of business entities, especially those companies that based their business model on the implementation of new technologies, innovations, patents, including technical and engineering technology solutions, production, logistics, IT, process, management, etc. Therefore, the role of engineers is very large in such organized development of the national economy oriented in economic policy on socio-economic development with particular emphasis on the activation of innovation and supporting the development of companies that their business model rely on new technologies, including engineering technologies.
I invite you to the discussion
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It definitely contributes to the activation of an economy, here's a case study of economic growth related to innovation:
Even if that analysis is true, there has to be public policy in place to make sure the development is indeed sustainable, because certain models that aim to activate innovation may do so in a way that can privilege short term financial return over sustainable long term economic growth, which is obviously noxious for the main objective.
Another point that's important is that the actual policies that support the activation of innovation and specifically, of entrepreneurship, go in line of supporting the process of integration into the economy so there's a contribution to the economy. Certain countries (like mine) can have what are called "penalties to entrepreneurs", in the form of, for example, heavy taxing. Certain tax reforms or other public policies can be a huge burden to entrepreneurship, privileging big companies over startups, leading more often to bankruptcy than to an actual contribution to the national economy.
Proper activation of innovation can definitely contribute to sustainable development of a country, but there has to be a proper public policy framework behind said activation in order to align the interests of innovators and the economy. Public policy can make or break an activation of innovation and entrepreneurship.
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We would like to get some citations for the screening process. I have already read a lot of litterature, but as of right now it seems like private funded incubators do a lot more of screening before engaging in a start-up.
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Kristian Thode, see my paper on VC
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Are there research and development programs in your countries for cooperation between territorial self-governments and enterprises to activate entrepreneurship and innovation of business entities?
In recent years, cooperation programs of territorial self-governments with enterprises have been developed in some countries to activate entrepreneurship and innovativeness of business entities.
Because in developed countries information, innovations, new technologies and entrepreneurship are considered as one of the most important factors of the country's economic development and, as a consequence, also economic growth measured, for example, by the Gross Domestic Product in subsequent years.
In addition, research and research and implementation works are conducted in these themes, which further underline the high level of significance of innovation, new technologies and entrepreneurship in contemporary national economies.
In connection with the above, I would like to ask you the following question: Are there research and development programs in your countries for cooperation between territorial self-governments and enterprises to activate entrepreneurship and innovation of business entities?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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Yes in Brazil, I've coordinated several programs to stimulate entrepreneurship and innovation. In the last 17 years we have carried out several programs to strengthen innovative entrepreneurship, especially in the areas of IT, health, agribusiness. Currently, the region where I worked, Southern Brazil, is recognized as one of the main centers of technology and innovation of the country having an integrated system of innovation, which brings together companies, universities, support entities, financial agents and government.
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Project Title: “Up-grade the Legal Framework and Policy instruments aiming to generate supportive climate to encourage science based companies”
Today the rise of a new pattern of Science Companies based on technological innovation (renewable energy, internet, medicine, IT etc ) may require new institutional innovation and organizational forms, legal measures and public policies to adapt to the challenges created by these changes.
Through a comparative research of Legal Framework and Policy instruments grounded on participating countries, Norway, Iceland, Lichtenstein and Romania, we intend to elaborate 3 key Studies as follow:
1. Science Based Companies Entrepreneurship
2. Female Entrepreneurship
3. Disadvantage Communities Entrepreneurship
Best practices will be delivered as a training material to Local Governments representatives in order to create cross-border learning about the mechanisms to support the entrepreneurship development.
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I think the following paper would be helpful in this regard:
A framework for addressing and measuring entrepreneurship
N Ahmad, A Hoffmann - 2008 - papers.ssrn.com
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Guidance For Request for scientific and support resources for the design and implementation of the thesis of the PhD in Entrepreneurship in Development Trend
can you help me to subject :
design of a model for promoting young entrepreneurial activities based on coaching ?
for P.hd Thesis.
thanks.
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i see i am acting as your supervisor now. are you allowed an external supervisor? are you with a business school, or with a commerce faculty?
you focus a lot on the mentor himself. although i do not see anything wrong with this, the route i would take is to focus a lot more on what the mentor should do (train/ teach). according to me, this is what defines whether a mentor is good or bad. a successful mentor may be bad, because he has limited scope in terms of training others.
i would do so through by looking at the necessary/ sufficient factors of entrepreneurship. in this regard, i would build on 1) resources (networking), 2) psyche, 3) personal development, 4) social capital, 5) skills, 6) creativity, 7) acumen, 8) leadership, 9) knowledge. the study would then determine which factors are necessary and which are sufficient, and their interaction among each other
this focuses a lot more on what the entrepreneur needs (to be trained). the vantage point is different than focusing on the mentor
perhaps you want to consider writing your PhD through a succession of short papers.
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Hello Researches.
I am currently working on my MSc final dissertation in Innovation and Marketing and the focus is on the State contribution to the Green Industrial revolution and the consequent competitive advantage for the firms.
Could you please suggest me some scientific literature supporting this topic?
I have already found some authors dealing with the theoretical framework on the managerial side (such as Mazzucato, Koundate, Samaritani, Polanyi, Sen, Sukhdev and Grant) but I have a lack of knowledge on the strictly scientific side.
Also an advise on other relevant authors in the managerial field would be very useful.
Thank you in advance.
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I'd like to thank all of you for your comments and suggestions. As I get deeper into this topic, everything is becoming more and more exciting!
I'll keep my project updated as much as possible and, if you are interested in it, I will eventually upload my thesis.
Kind regards
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Could EO affect entrepreneurial intention in university students? 
I am conducting a research that connects Entrepreneurial Orientation and Entrepreneurial Intention. Please, some literature linking both constructs?
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I'm familiar with the data of GEM and I'm able to collaborate in research papers/projects using GEM data.
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Thanks Amir. I know the gem and I can use the gem data for further analysis. I'm seeking people who work on  project, paper or a book chapter on GEM data. I want to collaborate with them on their research projects. 
Thanks for adding your papers. 
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I was involved in some early planning discussions about the arts entrepreneurship research lab. Please let me know if you're interested in collaborating further.
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Hi Linda, Kiley Arroyo and I are leading this project. We have just kicked it off and are focusing on a literature review. We will be in touch soon to get your advice.
Tom Johnson
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I am looking for Scientist/Institutes, working on development of biosensors to guide and collaborate with us 
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Dear sir, I want develop a biosensor for assessment of age of rice. on this topic i am searching for expertise person or relevant institutions working on this area to guide me. 
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Hello,
I would like to receive papers, dissertation on this subject. Related form of institution like community-based enterprise, social enterprise owned by the poor, etc are welcome. 
Thanks
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Attached is very detailed documentation about the start and growth of a community based organisation for and by black people in South Africa. It is part of this book:  
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I'm wondering whether or not there is any research on the pitfall of premature scaling of entrepreneurial or corporate innovation initiatives. There has been the Startup Genome Report, but I'm struggling with finding new insights. Thank you!
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I believe there are some good insights into this issue from an old article by David Korten on successful development programmes (attached). What these programmes shared was a pathway consisting of three distinct stages: learning to be effective first, then learning to be efficient, and only then learning to achieve impact through upscaling. Many initiatives don't seem to realise that they have not yet exhausted the learning in stage 1 and 2, and already trying to scale up. That is a recipe for failure. I guess it happens because of lack of awareness of these stages as well as pressures to demonstrate impact (whether that be social impact or profit).
Other useful insights might be provided by the concept of the Minimum Viable Project.
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I am interested in entrepreneurs and their entrepreneurial skills, entrepreneurial finance etc. and planning to build a research proposal related to this. So, if there is any database with information about all the entrepreneurial activities and entrepreneurs that will help me with my research work. I am interested in UK and USA mostly.
thanks.
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Hi,
You should look at:
Its could be help full. They collect entrepreneurship data from all over the world!
Good look!
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Thanks to all for the great insights. I'm still in the reading phase and your suggestions has given me more perspective. I would really like to contact you all some more to share my progress.
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I am looking for previous papers that researched this topic
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You can have a look at following publications
Giosan, C.; Holtom, B.; Watson, M. (2005) "Antecedents to job embeddedness: The role of individual, organizational and market factors." Journal of Organizational Psychology, 5, 31-44.
Debjani Ghosh, L. Gurunathan (2015), "Job Embeddedness: A Ten-year Literature Review and Proposed Guidelines" Global Business Review, 16 (5) 856 - 866
 Routray, P and  Gosh, D. (2013) "Job Embeddedness: An Exploratory study in selected Banking Industry in India" British Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences,
  8 (2) 7-18
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