Science topics: Engineering
Engineering - Science topic
This research group is created with an intention of making an interaction among the research scholars, professors, scientists, engineers & technologists working in the field of Engineering, so that today’s novel ideas can become reality of tomorrow and these all can be implemented in a more constructive manner for the welfare of whole mankind
Questions related to Engineering
Would you happen to know the word/concept properly?
Do you understand the language (word/concept) correctly?
Can you properly develop any cultural, scientific, or cognitive field?
Can you add new innovative areas?
The answers are based on our discoveries of more than 50 innovation keys, more than 100 new facts per concept, and answering more than 300 questions about any word, language, or field.
The answer to all questions is NO.
We must learn the word/concept properly! (Fayad's Unified Concept Engineering (F-UCE))
We must understand the language (word/concept) correctly! (Fayad's Unified & Stable Linguistic Engineering (F-ULE))
We must correctly develop any cultural, scientific, or knowledge field (Fayad's Unified Domain Knowledge (F-UDK) that allows adding recent innovative areas.
The major problem prevent acceptance of new technologies are multiple, including.
(Thousands of questions without clear answers)
1. Intellectual and cognitive growth has been relatively halted
2. Terrible inflation in all areas
3. The hollow argument in the same field and the argument between the domains
4. Clinging to the old domains of the owners of the same field and not allowing modern innovations and their innovators
5. Hegemony by countries, entities, bodies, institutions, and individuals that influence many things in our lives and our cultural, cognitive, scientific, and ideological lives, and so on.
6. Personalization, including immorality, strengthens interest in proper roles, which is the most important, and our need for appropriate knowledge of the correct positions, person, word/concept, and field. Adhering to the gangs' occupation against the innovators, their beliefs, their identity, and where they came from
7. Although there are standard and evaluative methods, we urgently need other, more accurate, professional means of innovation and their roles.
8. Not knowing the genuine innovations, their value, and their importance created turmoil in word/concept, language, and field.
8. Research is limited to the elite of people, countries, institutions, and certain entities, opening the door to corruption and ruin for humanity.
9. The terrible failure of the vast majority of human beings, bodies, institutions, and states in most areas that pertain to each of them (there is no prosperous country 100 out of 100, and there are individuals, bodies, institutions, and states that fail 100 out of 100).
I will ask frank questions without turning around to get acquainted with the latest innovations and knowledge, to know the word/concept and understand the language, which is the mother of sciences, so that we can develop all fields and add final and actual solutions to all our problems, God willing.
I will prove that the word/concept has a mighty cognitive, cultural, and economic power. It will achieve considerable gains in all fields and create opportunities for Any words/concepts, languages, areas, and terrible numbers of people, bodies, institutions, and countries.
Invitation to all individuals, Groups, Organizations, and others:
I would like you to cooperate with me in
1. To write books about those mentioned reasons
2. Research and write in the word/concepts that interest you and any language you like or a field you know with the knowledge of an expert with only one condition that you are a science student and the door is open to anyone who has regained success and excellence
We can write any word in more than 5,000 pages of innovations and new information (We already started with 4,000 words/concepts.) The new field is called Unified Concept Engineering.)
We are writing the language (Unified and Fixed Language Engineering) in more than 12 volumes, and each book has 5,000 pages of innovations and new information (We have already started. In 3 books)
We can write any field (Unified Field Engineering) in more than ten volumes, and each book has 5 thousand pages of innovations and new information (We already started with a few). We are working on a few flagship magazines and Journals)
3. Conducting seminars, interviews, and television episodes about these innovations in the word/concept, language, and field of knowledge
4. Developing existing fields and adding new ones requires the assistance of more than one person, organization, institution, and country.
We plan other things according to how and how much cooperation we will get.
If you are interested, Leave a message for me.
Hello, What physical value do you think is interesting to compare my car static torsional stiffness (kN·m/degree) values with? The volume of the car? the mass ? its length? or something else ? looking for correlations. If you have any interesting graphic suggestions and tell me why. Thank you.
Journal of Studies in Science and Engineering (JOSSE) has been publishing for less than two years and has already made significant strides in science and morality journey. The most recent accomplishment of JOSSE is DOAJ indexing. I'd want to take this opportunity to thank the editorial board and all of the authors for their dedication, support, and hard work in helping JOSSE reach this point. It is also a fantastic accomplishment for writers whose papers were published in JOSSE because all of them are now indexed in DOAJ.
The next stage for JOSSE is to enter to Scopus and Web of Science, which Scopus has already rated as being 100% ready for when JOSSE turns 2 years old in September 2023.
To maintain the quality and the advancement at this stage, JOSSE requests qualified Editors, Reviewers, and quality papers.
Examples of how to increase the contact surface area of the bottom area? Thank you.
Hi, I am not a material engineer and I am curious about whether the regular crystallization of a material makes it more strong or more fractile in comparison to irregular structures such as amorf in glass? Or changing regular zones orientation makes it harder?
Now a days, core subjects in Engineering such as electrical, electronics, chemical, mechanical and civil apart from computer science are getting least priority for option. These days everything is controlled, operated and done by software based instead going manually or making decision collectively. Most people are depending on what computer says to follow or understand in several fields. Will this continue or in what way does other subjects may or shall occupy a prominent position or importance on par with computer science?
I recently received invitations to contribute an article to the current issue of the Journal of Brilliant Engineering (BEN) and Chemistry and Biochemistry. Can anyone with experience or knowledge about these journals confirm their originality?
I am interested in purchasing a non-intrusive flow meter for measuring the flow rates for different fluids circling inside enclosed pipes. I've seen the ultrasonic flow meters as a possible solution.
Can anyone recomend me some manufacturers and/or links ?
Do obstacles in a channel change the regime from laminar to turbulent while the Reynolds number is under 2300 (approximately 1000)?
Please introduce related studies.
Note that I have already this book, "Reverse Engineering an industrial perspective by Vinesh Raja and Kiran J. Fernandes"
In the past two decades, many robust structural reliability methods have been presented that we may not even have heard their name. For a reliability researcher, it is very difficult to read all manuscripts, write their code and properly examine their efficiency/accuracy. On the other hand, it seems that some efficient/robust ones are being forgotten.
The purpose of this discussion is to create a space for the exchange of experience and expression of reliability researchers' views/opinions about the structural reliability methods. I hope this could help us to save time and learn more.
Suppose that you have a real-world structural reliability problem without any information about its limit state function, geometry of the performance function and the safety level of the problem (i.e. the performance function can be estimated by a finite element method-based software).
Among the existing reliability methods, which one is your choice? Why?
Let us discuss this. Share your experiences to help others.
#specialissue #CallforPapers The open-access journal 《Computer Systems Science and Engineering》 (ISSN 0267-6192) is pleased to announce that we have launched a new Special Issue entitled "Advances of Transfer Learning to Enhance Complex Systems." Given the depth of your expertise in this field, I would like to cordially invite you to contribute an article to the Special Issue. For more information on the issue, please visit the Special Issue website at https://www.techscience.com/csse/special_detail/enhance-complex-systems
Please can you help confirm if this publication exists:
Mahamadu, A. M., & Stansbury, J. (2014). Maintenance management strategy for effective maintenance of offshore oil and gas facilities. Journal of Quality in Maintenance Engineering, 20(2), 105-123.
Is it a good journal "Jilin Daxue Xuebao (Gongxueban)/Journal of Jilin University (Engineering and Technology Edition)"?
The construction industry is a major contributor to global carbon emissions and environmental degradation. In recent years, there has been a growing interest in adopting sustainable practices in the built environment. Based on recent research studies, what are some of the most promising sustainable practices being implemented in the construction industry?
Prompt engineering is the art/science of designing prompts to be input to AI to get better responses and help solve problems. The AI prompts used by Propmt Enginnering in the existing AI tools now are written mostly in English to leverage AI power. So in the era of AI, the english language may shaddow all the other langages. what do you think about it ?
I am a mechanical engineer and want to know why does asphalt crack and what are the techniques to fix it, what are the preventive actions that may be taken to eliminate such phenomena.
I have seen some researchers who publish 4 to 5 articles per year but only in high impact factor journals (IF > 7.5) as well as many others who publish 20 to 30 articles per year inluding both the Q1, Q2, Q3 and Q4 journals as well as book chapters.
However, I would like to know the metrics on which a scientist is being recognised by his/her university to be qualified to receive grants and to become a Professor?
The responses are welcomed.
Green roofs are becoming increasingly popular among researchers, engineers and related construction stakeholders to mitigate food crisis, Urban heat island effect, rainfall scarcity and enhancement of thermal comfort in urban ecosystems. Substrate is the most important component of a green roof. Our research team has carried out an extended systematic review regarding all the types of green roof research in the past 50 years and published a research article in Frontiers in Built Environment:
In your perspective, apart from the fields mentioned in our research article (link given above),
What are the scopes available within green roof substrates-related research for future studies? Are there any justifications for the choice?
This is one of our works based on analysing the viability of ammonia recovery and removal from manures extracted from dairy farm. These kinds of approaches could be sustainable solutions for mitigating air pollution as well as could be utilised into sustainable energy productions.
What are some of the alternative measures could be used to recover ammonia from the animal manures those are practiced around world in domestic and industrial phases?
The above of our two research articles are two of our important efforts on how to conserve the soil and use it for the enhancement of reforestation to mitigate climate change impacts such as Urban Heat Island, loss of endemic species, scarcity of water and greenhouse gas emissions which are the leading concerns in urban built environment. Our articles have addressed a way to achieve the sustainable development goals such as SDG6, SDG12 and SDG 13.
Soil resources are most critical prerequisites those need to be conserved, utilized and given back to the earth to enhance the sustainable existence of living organisms. Current technological trends are mostly focusing on mining the soil resources and fulfilling the human needs using anthropogenic activities. This trend needs to revisit, addressed the research gaps and more interests need to be shown by researchers and stakeholders to enhance the optimum usage of soil resources with minimal harmful effects to nature.
I request the researchers to provide your opinions in this regard. Thank you.
International Conference on Engineering Fluid-Structure Interaction - ICEFSI'23
You have until 31 May to submit your abstracts related to these topics:
• Computational methods and numerical modeling • Experimental and measurement techniques • Aero elasticity • Biomechanical Engineering • Renewable energy • Civil, Hydrolic, Mechanical and Marine Engineering
Find the participation details in the call for papers below. 👇
📅 See you from 13 to 15 November in Bejaia, Algeria.
More information: https://lnkd.in/dbHmuRYm
I want to simulate mixing two fluids with different inlets and velocities in COMSOL. I used "Laminar Flow" and "Transport of Diluted Species" physics to do it, and my problem is that I cannot select both fluids for my domain. I have two fluids and one domain for mixing. How can I do it? Should I use "Multiphase Flow" physic?
Weather forecast has utmost importance in Aviation, Ship routing, safety measures, planning and designing of structures, urban areas, offshore maintenance, natural resources, coastal areas, Agriculture, pollutants management and in many more weather applications in world wide.
Many publishers and journals displays their average review time on their websites. However, the IEEE and ACM journals do not display this information. Any of you have this information?
How do you think artificial intelligence can affect medicine in real world. There are many science-fiction dreams in this regard!
but how about real-life in the next 2-3 decades!?
I could not find any template for this journal which stated that it should be doubled column. Any help?
Sustainability Development Goals (SDGs) are designated to conserve the natural resources, biodiversity and to transfer a liveable ecosystem for the future generation by implementing various objectives in interdisciplinary fields.
However, are the world countries have achieved their desired success in implementing SDGs? If not, what are the prime reasons for those drawbacks?
Economists and Industrial Engineering folks
I'll be teaching Engineering Economics to our Electrical and Computer Engineering students this Spring, after a three years break.
Please advise me on the topics/concepts/examples you believe should be stressed on, or any other issues.
لطفا اگر توصیهای در رابطه با ارایه بهتر و سودمندتر درس اقتصاد مهندسی برای دانشجویان مهندسی برق و کامپیوتر دارید، با ما در میان بگذارید.
#engineering #economics #engineeringeconomics #teaching #kntu #alirezafereidunian #isosg #feasibilitystudy #economicanalysis
Trying to mitigate early-age fractures in concrete buildings is crucial for ensuring adequate durability, minimising potential strength loss, and lowering maintenance costs. Because these cracks challenge the residential comfort and the aesthetic appearances of buildings.
So, what are the alternative measures adapted to mitigate arly-age cracks in the construction industry?
Does anyone know an analytical relationship for computing mixing Reynolds number for a power law fluid ?
I was able to find an approximation, or a modified Reynolds number but I would like to know whether the scientific community uses it in research and/ or industrial applications.
Extended Reality (XR) includes AR, VR etc.
Dead Sea of Jordan has its own novelty by prevailing as the only natural waterbody of earth with viability to float. Although there are several inland water bodies like Caspian Sea and Black Sea, what is the main reason for the unusual salinity of Dead Sea? Is the origin of Dead Sea - A scientific marvel or myth?
If the comprehensive answer is found, it would help the several branches of science.
How can I calculate ANOVA table for the quadratic model by Python?
I want to calculathe a table like the one I uploaded in the image.
I am an undergraduate student doing a thesis regarding slope stability analysis using PLAXIS 2D. My study area is at Kajang, Malaysia. I only assumed the phreatic water level because I don't have any borehole data. I have already done the model but I have questions regarding my model:
1. Is the water level that I have marked and assumed logical? (40 m above flat land)
2. What does the legend on the right represent, and is it the FOS? (The FOS that I obtained from the model is 1.780 as shown in the picture below)
3. Is the part that I have marked in the picture the critical slip surface (Picture 3)?
Thank you in advance for your help.
I have prepared an article that performs a literature review on the concept of Digital Twin. Since the doctoral program in which I am is a program based on the compendium of publications, it is necessary that all the articles that I do are published in a journal that appears in the latest list published by the Journal Citation Reports (SCI and / or SSCI) or SCOPUS. In addition, at least one of them must be in the first or second quartile of its category. Therefore, I would like to try to get this article published in one that is in the Q1 quartile, so that I can take this burden off my shoulders. For now I have found the following:
- IEEE Access: Telecommunications – Scie, Computer Science, Information Systems – Scie (Q1); Engineering, Electrical & Electronic – Scie (Q2).
- ACM Computing Surveys: Computer Science, Theory & Methods – Scie (Q1).
- Expert Systems with Applications: Operations Research & Management Science – Scie (Q1); Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence – Scie (Q1); Engineering, Electrical & Electronic – Scie (Q1).
- Future Generation Computer Systems: Computer Science, Theory & Methods – Scie (Q1).
- Engineering Applications Of Artificial Intelligence: Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence – Scie (Q1); Engineering, Electrical & Electronic – Scie (Q1); Engineering, Multidisciplinary – Scie (Q1); Automation & Control Systems – Scie (Q1).
- Artificial Intelligence: Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence – Scie (Q1).
- Journal of Computational Science: Computer Science, Interdisciplinary Applications – Scie (Q2); Computer Science, Theory & Methods – Scie (Q1).
- Advances in Engineering Software: Computer Science, Interdisciplinary Applications – Scie (Q2); Computer Science, Software Engineering – Scie (Q1); Engineering, Multidisciplinary – Scie (Q1).
- Decision Support Systems: Operations Research & Management Science – Scie (Q1); Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence – Scie (Q1); Computer Science, Information Systems – Scie (Q1).
- Information and Software Technology: Computer Science, Software Engineering – Scie (Q1); Computer Science, Information Systems – Scie (Q2).
- Journal of Industrial Information Integration: Computer Science, Interdisciplinary Applications – Scie (Q1); Engineering, Industrial – Scie (Q1).
- Journal of Network and Computer Applications: Computer Science, Interdisciplinary Applications – Scie (Q1); Computer Science, Hardware & Architecture – Scie (Q1); Computer Science, Software Engineering – Scie (Q1).
- Applied Sciences: Chemistry, Multidisciplinary – Scie (Q3); Materials Science, Multidisciplinary – Scie (Q3); Physics, Applied – Scie (Q2); Engineering, Multidisciplinary – Scie (Q2).
- Future Internet: Computer Science, Information Systems (Q2).
- Applied System Innovation: Telecommunications – Esci (Q3); Computer Science, Information Systems – Esci (Q3); Engineering, Electrical & Electronic – Esci (Q3).
Does anyone have a recommendation for any other? Is it advisable to avoid generic journals? The more categories the journals deal with, the better?
Thank you very much in advance.
How to write formally within the context of mathematics that: "given two series S1 and S2 and they are subtracted each other coming from a proved identity that is true and the result of this subtraction is a known finite number (real number) (which is valid) the two series S1 and S2 are convergent necessarily because the difference could not be divergent as it would contradict the result of convergence? I need that definition within a pure mathematical scenario ( I am engineer).
" Given S1- S2 = c , if c is a finite and real number, and the expression S1-S2 = c comes from a valid deduction, then, S1 and S2 are both convergent as mandatory."
Somebody kindly send template of World Journal of Engineering.
Systems Engineering (SE), Digital Engineering (DE) and Mission Engineering (ME) are three distinct approaches to designing and developing complicated systems. We are just now seeing the three approaches starting to be employed simultaneously. They are mutually supportive and when used together, can dramatically shorten development schedules and shorten timelines. Intuitively, I believe 1+1=1+5. But I want to quantify the result. Are there any close parallels in other industries, where I can use an existing formula that takes into consideration how many areas of mutual support exist, how much time and money is saved by each engineering approach operating alone, etc. I have reviewed 20 years of research involving financial synergy in business mergers and acquisitions and the medical synergy of combining different drugs and the combined effects that can be achieved. But neither of these seems to be a close parallel to my engineering-triad challenge.
Has anyone studied this? If not, is there parallel research that I can draw from? I want to write a paper on this topic. Thanks, in advance.
International Journal of Advanced Technology and Engineering Exploration (IJATEE) ISSN (Print):2394-5443, (Online):2394-7454 is scopus indexed JOURNAL
I am having some project ideas. I like to convert into reserch proposal and apply for sponsored project.
Please tell me the way to apply for sponsored project like DST, DRDO sponsorship.
Lockdowns due to the COVID pandemic in last three years (2020-22) has played a significant role in the widespread of online based classrooms using applications like Zoom, MS teams, Webex and Google Meet. While substantial amount of the students were happy to complete their semester classes in due time without getting hampered by the lockdowns, thanks to the online based classrooms, there are also notable amount of students and parents who were complained regarding the online based classrooms that they have drastically distracted the academic performance of students.
Overall, I would like to leave it as an open-ended question. Dear researchers, what you think regarding the online based classroom? Is it an advantage for students or a disadvantage?
I like to do my Ph.D in mechanical engineering. My first option is Deemed to be University in India. And the Deemed to be university is approved by the University grands commission.
But some people are telling, studying in Deemed to be university is not valid. And telling you are not able to get a job in foreign countties.
Please clarify my doubt.
A project I'm working on has now been turned into a paper, but I'm not sure what the difference is between these two terms. Considering my college is also organizing an event, I'd love to present it there.
I need a low electron density alloy for a project. I am an electrical engineer, so I would be very grateful if someone with metallurgy background (or any relevant background) can help me to find a good material with this property.
Many thanks in advance
I have been using the ARG2 rheometer and conducting an Oscillatory amplitude using citrated whole blood. But I have never been able to get an LVR. Has anyone tried doing this and successfully had an LVR?
Dear respected colleagues,
I am grateful for your kind support in the following matter.
I want to register as a Chartered Engineer (CEng) at (IMechE). However, my BACHELOR and MASTER degrees in Iraq, which most probably they are not accredited by IMechE and Engineering Council’s academic requirements for registration (UK). I am not sure about that.
I checked the following webpages from IMechE:
However, I have not received a clear picture regarding to the membership as a CEng at IMechE for a mechanical engineer whose education background (bachelor and master) from Iraqi universities.
My question is: anybody from Iraqi education background, Iranian, Syrian, East Asian or from any other country education background [that not accredited by IMechE and Engineering Council’s academic requirements for registration (UK)] EVER APPLIED FOR CEng membership at IMechE? and obtained membership at IMechE as a CEng?
I am very thankful if anybody experienced the similar situation and GOT MEMBERSHIP AT IMechE to share his/her experience here or email me at ((((((firstname.lastname@example.org))))))).
Thank you very much for your kind cooperation and great support.
When I try to perform the following calculation, Python gives the wrong answer.
I have attached a photo of the answer.
What are the differences between shop drawings and builder works drawings, and what are the differences between them?
As their name clearly states; shop drawings are drawings produced by the shop; ie. as an example when a client buys an equipment for installation the shop produces drawings; called shop drawings; for the subcontractor to implement.
Builder works drawings; as their name implements also; are drawings produced by the builder or subcontractor who is responsible for executing works. Builders use builder work drawings on site.
The shop drawings; produced and used by the by contractor engineers based on design drawings; details are based on standard specifications and tender requirements. On the other hand builder works drawings are produced by the subcontractor based on shop drawings, and used by his engineers and builders, builder works drawings are based on the details of equipment the subcontractor is planning to install; and must with shop drawings details.
The consultant compares shop drawings with approved design drawings, and work on site with shop drawings for final approval.
Hello, researchers, Is the World Journal of Engineering and Technology a reputable journal?
My graduation project is about LEED Buildings, so I want to know which software should I use? and which one is more used for Engineers who work in this field?
I am now a technical engineer of a company. I am interested in image processing and signal processing. When I read literature in my spare time, sometimes I cannot understand the methods or formulas used in the literature. What methods can I use to solve my problem?
In recent years, there has been development of some innovative construction technologies that are changing the way we build. There are many new technologies that will have a significant impact on the future of the construction industry.
Today, construction companies are able to complete projects more quickly and efficiently than ever before. There are new technologies in demand for the future that will help with accuracy, sustainability and faster construction.
Based on your point of view, what are the types of construction that can be used in future?
I have submitted my research article to Environment, Development and Sustainability (Springer) 3 weeks ago. It took five days for getting the "Editor assigned" status after my submission and still it remains as same for more than 2 weeks. The article has not yet been sent for review yet.
Could anybody suggest me that,
1) Is it a normal case of being in "Editor Assigned" status for more than 2 weeks?
2) how long it takes in Springer journals for an article to be sent for review?
I would like to welcome your responses.
I would like to know if "IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering" is indexed in Scopus database or not ?
Hope you are doing well!
What are the best books in Materials Science and Engineering (Basics and Advanced)? Moreover, what are the best skills (or materials topic related) that materials scientists have to develop and to acquire?
Thanks in advance
Is there an index that includes the mixing index and pressure drop for micromixers?
For example, for heat exchangers and heat sinks, there is an index that includes heat transfer performance and hydraulic performance, which is presented below:
The purpose of these indexes is to create a general criterion to check the devices' overall performance and investigate the parameters' impact.
Is there an index that includes mixing performance and hydraulic performance for micromixers?
Please Suggest any Unpaid Scopus indexed Journals for Fast track publication ( in 2 Months) for Computer Science and Engineering related areas
I've been searching for them on NIST and Engineering toolbox and every other type of site, but I can't seem to find them anywhere...
Hello experts, Seniors, and fellows, kindly help me on this.
USA lose trillions of treated drinking water annually (ASCE, 2017) and similar problems are highly observed in many urban water supply systems as well. In case of water distribution system there are several methodologies to find leakages such as using SONAR, sensors and UV rays. However, what would be the best alternative method in your suggestions to find the leakages quickly and effectively?
My paper was accepted for a paper presentation under this conference:
International Conference on Law and Political Science(ICLPS)
Date: 18th - 19th November, 2019
Venue of Meeting Presentation: Embassy Suites Los Angeles- International Airport South
Address: 1440 East Imperial Avenue, El Segundo, CA 90245, United States of America
This conference was managed by International Institute of Engineers and RESEARCHERS (IIER) with website address
IS THIS A LEGITIMATE?
Finding the seismic pressure is an important parameter to quantify the damages on structures during large earthquakes. Since soil force equilibrium in wedge approach can be used in site conditions there are no finite methods for laboratory experiments to study the seismic earth pressure behavior. A simple demonstration in this research area would help many students to understand its basic concept with good insight.
I‘m currently a master student and studying Software Design and Engineering and looking for master thesis topics in the field of Microservices. I‘m not sure actually about the current topics for research in this domain and I need your help.
I'm solving nonlinear second order equation by using finite difference method . finally for calculating value at any desired node, knowing three preceding nodes is required however by knowing boundary condition just one of these nodes becomes obvious and still knowing two other values is necessary. it must be noted there are plenty of guesses for values of these nodes which lead to compatible response.
In a discussion, with an acquaintance, we found out that research is highest form of learning _
Important notes from the discussion are as follows :
- Manner in which a teacher (speaker) passes ( visual, textual, audio-Video, experimental demonstration etc.) on the information to the target audience.
Effective teaching is expressing the information based on the target audience, and not the teachers.
Manner in which a person is accustomed (trained) to given set of skills and it's practice (application) , does not matter, who is the individual.
Manner in which we teach ourselves the available information, train ourselves to identify the flaws in proper understanding of information, present the possible solution ( experimental, mathematical etc.) , based on our skillset.
Do you agree?
How can I import 2D sketches from CATIA into COMSOL Multiphysics?
The formats that COMSOL reads in 2D geometry are not available in CATIA.