Questions related to Energy Politics
I'm doing research on the performance efficiency of different oil companies in the world. It has come to my attention that many scholars use DEA Analysis to measure it. However, it is not clear which variable should be treated as an output or input, for instance, should revenue be considered an output? How about oil reserves? Choosing the wrong variable alters the results.
I am looking for data on solar levelized cost of energy. I have US data. I am looking for Europe from 2009-2014. Is there anything available on the public domain? Most of the IEA/IRENA reports seem to be reporting for just one year or two. I am looking for trend data.
I have a question of how to interpret my results:
I am estimating the effect of a set of determinants on the share of renewables in a countries energy supply (dependent variable).
I have a set of explanatory variable (GDP, commodity prices, energy dependence, public policies supporting renewables etc.). I use the natural logarithm of both dependent and independent variables. I do not take logs of dummy variables (for example Kyoto Protocol). However, the interpretation of the public policies supporting renewables variable is difficult because I constructed the variable following two different approaches:
First approach: Dummy variable (taking on the value 1 if a country has 10 or more policies in the given year)
Second approach: Equal-weighted policy index. If, for instance a policy comes into force in a respective country in 1993, then the policy index will equal to one in 1993, if an additional policy is introduced in 1995, the policy index variable will equal to two in 1995 and so on.
How are results interpreted for the second approach?
For example, PNG is a dedicated medium of the transport of natural gas based on already agreed upon import volumes, price mechanisms and long-term contractual arrangements among the supplier, transit and importer countries. However, LNG needs to be transported through marine ships and can be subject to many insecurities and uncertainties like pirate attacks, geopolitics.
The following factors had a strong influence on development of the competitive natural gas market: economic crisis an recession, Russia-Ukraine gas crises in 2008/2009 and 2014... as well as tight connection between oil and natural gas markets in determining natural gas prices.
Previous low prices and possibility of natural gas supply from the abundant sources located relatively close to the consumption area are no longer available. Due to more difficult conditions in force during the last years, the security of natural gas supply has become the central issue of the energy politics ...
The four BRICS countries currently account for 40 Percent population and population is one of main determining factors of energy use. Russia faces a decrease in population...
In Europe, the EU Commission and Parliament have in their recast of the Directive on Energy Performance of Building made "near zero energy buildings" the future target for the EU.
In their national definition of "near zero energy buildings" the Member State should reflect the national, regional or local conditions, and include a numeric indicator of primary energy use expressed in kWh/m2 per year.
I am going to run an open discussion session in my Department which will discuss the above question. I often wonder when scientists do provide some aspects of good news with respect to climate change how this could be utilised by politicians. One example is that politicians may use this to relax meeting emissions targets. Obviously in this example relaxing emission targets is something that should not happen but how much responsibility and care should scientists take in this kind of case? I am interested to know people's thoughts on this, or other considerations to highlight which I can bring into our discussion.