Science topic

Energy-Generating Resources - Science topic

Natural sources from which power is obtained.
Filters
All publications are displayed by default. Use this filter to view only publications with full-texts.
Publications related to Energy-Generating Resources (2,022)
Sorted by most recent
Article
Full-text available
Countering the growing carbon emissions of the global economy is one of the cornerstones of the modern concept of sustainable development. While developed countries have been actively and willingly engaged in this struggle over the past decades, the question of how countries with substantial reserves of primary energy resources should be involved i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Energy is the mainstay of growth and development in Nigeria due to population outburst, industrialization, agricultural production and improving living standards. Nigeria is blessed with abundant primary energy resources enough to meet its present and future development requirement. With the recent initiatives on renewable energy coupled with the p...
Article
Full-text available
Wind energy production depends not only on wind speed but also on wind direction. Thus, predicting and estimating the wind direction for sites accurately will enhance measuring the wind energy potential. The uncertain nature of wind direction can be presented through probability distributions and Bayesian analysis can improve the modeling of the wi...
Article
Full-text available
Ireland has significantly increased its climate mitigation ambition, with a recent government commitment to reduce greenhouse gases by an average of 7 % yr−1 in the period to 2030 and a net-zero target for 2050, underpinned by a series of 5-year carbon budgets. Energy systems optimisation modelling (ESOM) is a widely used tool to inform pathways to...
Preprint
Full-text available
In the past years trend of microgrids is increasing very fast to reduce peak-hour costs. However, in these systems, third parties are still involved in selling surplus energy. This results in increased cost of energy and there are many operational and security barriers in such systems. These issues can be solved by the decentralized distributed sys...
Article
Full-text available
Lithuania's electricity sector has one of the EU's highest dependency rates, with about seventy percent of consumed electricity being generated abroad. This high rate was accentuated by the fact that until 2015 the dependency was on a sole country, namely the Russian Federation. With virtually no primary energy resources of its own, Lithuania progr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
E-Book of the 4th Bioenergy Studies Symposium 50 Abstract: Energy is at the center of the world's most critical environmental and economic development problems. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), the world's primary energy demand, which is 14 billion tons of oil equivalent (TOE), is expected to reach 20.3 billion TOE levels with an...
Article
Full-text available
We open an avenue for discussing how we can pave the way for compliance with existing regulations is a far-reaching factor for settling nuclear fusion technology. Based on a model of the Korean Fusion Demonstration Reactor (K-DEMO) with a target fusion power of 2.2 GW, we assess the intrinsic safety determinants of internal energy sources, the expe...
Chapter
Full-text available
Energy security is included in the idea of a state's national security, along with industrial, food, sociological, environmental, and sustainable development, information, cyber, economic, defence, and national order security, among other things. The ability of a state to collect resources internally and gain or keep access to external economic res...
Preprint
Full-text available
Planning the defossilization of energy systems by facilitating high penetration of renewables and maintaining access to abundant and affordable primary energy resources is a nontrivial multi-objective problem encompassing economic, technical, environmental, and social aspects. However, so far, most long-term policies to decrease the carbon footprin...
Article
Full-text available
Wind power is often recognized as one of the best clean energy solutions due to its widespread availability, low environmental impact, and great cost-effectiveness. The successful design of optimal wind power sites to create power is one of the most vital concerns in the exploitation of wind farms. Wind energy site selection is determined by the ru...
Article
Full-text available
Retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) is a specialized pigmented monolayer dedicated to retinal support and protection. Given the fact that photoreceptor outer segments are the primary energy resource of RPE metabolism, it follows that, when photoreceptor function is compromised, RPE cells are impaired and vice versa. In retinitis pigmentosa (RP), genet...
Article
Full-text available
Manufacturing and the further utilization of biogas is an efficient way of complementing or replacing primary energy resources. Ukraine has followed the global tendency to substitute fossil energy sources with renewable ones, which particularly includes biogas. Considering the experience of European countries, as well as the potential and needs of...
Article
Full-text available
For the last three decades, Uganda has lost considerable natural vegetation cover in the refugee settlements and buffer zones due to the high demand for wood fuel and timber. It is worthy to note that the supplies of wood fuel are more likely to dwindle in the near future. This study explored the determinants of harvested wood-fuel choices and thei...
Article
Full-text available
The energy products of oil and gas majors have contributed significantly to global greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) and planetary warming over the past century. Decarbonizing the global economy by mid-century to avoid dangerous climate change thus cannot occur without a profound transformation of their fossil fuel-based business models. Recently, sev...
Article
Full-text available
Distributed photovoltaic (PV) systems are growing rapidly owing to considerable reduction in PV panel prices, renewable energy supporting policies, and technological advancements in inverter and controller designs. The variability and non-dispatchability of PV energy generation affect the reliability and stability of the electricity grid, leading t...
Article
Full-text available
Ultra-fast charging infrastructures are gaining increasing interest thanks to their ability to reduce the charging-time of plug-in electric vehicles to values comparable to those of the refueling of traditional vehicles in gas stations. This is a consequence of the increasing rated power of both on-board batteries and charging equipment. On the oth...
Article
Full-text available
This study concentrates on the analysis of the oil and natural gas reserves of Iran, which hold a crucial role in the global energy market. A common method for the analysis and prediction of the production rates of nonrenewable reserves is used, namely, the Hubbert peak theory. The corresponding curves shed light on the energy policy and future gui...
Chapter
Full-text available
As global civilization advances at an unbelievable rate, energy consumption and environmental pollution are also rapidly increasing. Meanwhile, fossil fuels, which have been our primary energy resources for all this time, will only last for a few more decades. Consequently, the search for new, clean, renewable, and sustainable energy resources as s...
Article
Full-text available
The growth of the number of farm animals and poultry contributes to the growth of environmental problems. Recycling of animal waste will solve these problems, as well as obtain organic fertilizers and additional energy sources. The purpose of the research is to develop technological solutions that allow organic waste from agricultural production to...
Article
Full-text available
The increase in the cost of fuel and energy resource and the deterioration of the environment from the combustion of traditional fossil fuel, have led to a great interest in energy-saving technology by using secondary energy resources in the thermal energy of industrial, housing and communal services using heat pump units in Russia and abroad. This...
Article
Full-text available
At the macroeconomic level, the consumption of primary energy resources is a deterministic factor of economic development, which justifies the relevance and importance of introducing an appropriate mathematical model. Using the tools of data-driven dynamical systems and Hamiltonian mechanics, we determine the relationship between energy costs and t...
Article
Full-text available
Experimental studies of this article are aimed at solving the problem of reforming the housing and communal services of Russia through rational integration of non-traditional energy sources and secondary energy resources into the energy balance of buildings and structures. An important component of the work was the creation and development of indus...
Preprint
Full-text available
Ireland has significantly increased its climate mitigation ambition, with a recent government commitment to reduce greenhouse-gases by an average of 7 % per year in the period to 2030 and a “net-zero” target for 2050, underpinned by a series of five-year carbon budgets. Energy systems optimisation modelling (ESOM) is a widely-used tool to inform pa...
Article
Full-text available
The paper places emphasis on primary energy resources, their covariation, and their correlation with socioeconomic factors and aims to provide a systematic analysis of their development over time. The analysis uses evidence from European Union (EU) country-level data and is based on visual analytics techniques. Different results from the same terri...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The California Wind and Solar Generation During 2017 and 2018 staff paper provides a brief overview of the status of wind and solar generation in California during 2017 and 2018. The paper provides a summary of wind and solar energy generation resources within the state and the energy delivered to the electric grid. It supports the state policy tha...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of passive design is to respond to the external climate using primarily structural means to achieve a comfortable indoor climate. The use of building technology is an additional measure. This paper compares the demand for resources, primary energy, and thermal and air-hygienic comfort of passive and climate-unadapted designs to determine th...
Article
Full-text available
Improving the energy efficiency of thermal energy generation, transportation and consumption systems is one of the priority tasks of the modern development of the fuel and energy complex of Russia. The climatic conditions of Russia determine the heat supply systems as an energy-intensive industry that consumes up to 40% of the primary energy resour...
Article
Full-text available
Buildings especially heating systems consume a prodigious amount of energy. In this case, the heated exhaust air from the premises is simply thrown out into the external environment, into the street. In this work, such air is considered as a secondary energy resource formed from the internal loads of the room. The study of the dynamics of changes i...
Article
Full-text available
In the last few decades, the energy crisis has been one of the main concerns related to the lack of long-term petroleum-based reserves as primary energy resources. Biodiesel emerged as a promising alternative. Nowadays, it is produced from edible vegetable oil, thereby causing commodity prices and food security disruption. In this case, microalgae...
Article
Full-text available
As the world population and its dependency on energy is growing exponentially day by day, the existing energy generating resources are not enough to fulfill their needs. In the conventional grid system, most of the generated energy is wasted because of improper demand side management (DSM). This leads to a difficulty in keeping the equilibrium betw...
Article
Full-text available
In Jordan, there are many extensive challenges that the country faces against the national economy growth. This is mainly because Jordan has limited primary energy resources and imports more than 90% of natural gas and crude oil from neighboring countries which negatively affect its economy. However, the geographical location of Jordan is one of th...
Article
Full-text available
Smart Microgrid (MG) effectively contributes to supporting the electrical power systems as a whole and reducing the burden on the utility grid by the use of unconventional energy generation resources, in addition to backup Diesel Generators (DGs) for reliability increasing. In this paper, potential had been done on day-ahead scheduling of diesel ge...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this research is to study theoretical and practical aspects of the ecological and economic losses from the use of solid domestic waste (SDW) as energy resources in the heat power industry of Ukraine. The methodical approaches to evaluating the ecological and economic losses caused by solid domestic waste (SDW) comprise: the developed alg...
Article
Full-text available
The demand for primary energy resources has increased significantly due to the rapid growth of the global economy and increasing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Therefore, improving energy efficiency levels is essential for global energy, energy security, and environmental sustainability. In the context of the Asia-Pacific region, the study of ener...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to analyze the relationship between economic growth, primary energy consumption and logistics in Turkey during 1974-2019. Bayer-Hanck approach is used to assess the cointegration between variables. The empirical analysis confirms the presence of a long-run relationship between primary energy consumption, economic growth and...
Preprint
Full-text available
In Uzbekistan, the government plans to increase investment in rural housing and infrastructure. In 2021, under the state mortgage program, it is planning to build 45000 houses, which is twice more than last year, of which 12000 are in rural regions. Along with the projected growth in new construction, a corresponding increase in energy consumption...
Article
Full-text available
There is substantial literature devoted to the study of the dependence between energy production and economic development. At the same time, the long-standing discussion of the relationship between the gross domestic product and consumption of primary energy resources, numbering thousands of publications, eventually degenerated into a dispute about...
Article
Full-text available
The production of construction products is associated with energy and raw materials consumption, including those of natural origin. Their use is associated with the generation of a significant quantity of waste and the emission of greenhouse gases. Therefore, for the sustainable development of civilization, it is essential to reduce the environment...
Article
Full-text available
The article presents information about the appearance of steam and gas turbine engines in the fleet, the current state and prospects of their use. The information about the technical characteristics of marine gas turbine engines is given, the directions of their improvement are determined in order to expand their use in civil shipbuilding. It is sh...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study is to study the use of secondary energy resources (SER) as a tool to reduce the energy component of production costs. The paper discusses ways to reduce energy costs, one of which is the use of SER. The definition of SER has been clarified sources and directions of using SER have been identified. A technology is proposed f...
Article
Full-text available
In the early 1800s, the industrial revolution was powered by fossil fuel as the primary energy resource. As environmental degradation started to become felt, countries started moving towards reduced emissions and carbon-neutral footprints. Following this, India also began enormous strides in nurturing the tremendous potential of renewable energy. H...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study is to study the use of secondary energy resources (SER) as a tool to reduce the energy component of production costs. The paper discusses ways to reduce energy costs, one of which is the use of SER. The definition of SER has been clarified sources and directions of using SER have been identified. A technology is proposed f...
Article
Full-text available
It is estimated that about 1/4th of all greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions may be caused by the global food system. Reducing the GHG emissions from food production is a major challenge in the context of the projected growth of the world's population, which is increasing demand for food. In this context, the goal should be to achieve the lowest possible...
Article
Full-text available
The ongoing global climate change and the associated environmental degradation pose a threat to Europe and the rest of the world. Raw materials and energy are required to produce building materials, which are used for construction purposes. Resulting buildings and structures generate waste during construction, operation, and demolition, and they em...
Article
Full-text available
Nowadays, we face a series of global challenges, including the growing depletion of fossil energy, environmental pollution, and global warming. The replacement of coal, petroleum, and natural gas by secondary energy resources is vital for sustainable development. Hydrogen (H2) energy is considered the ultimate energy in the 21st century because of...
Presentation
Full-text available
LNG as a maritime fuel continues to grow globally as the primary energy resource (with the total number also including the cases of the so called “dual fuel” approach). This “growth” includes both new build vessels, as well as converted ones and barges. The International Maritime Organization has adopted the mandatory code of Safety for Ships using...
Article
Full-text available
The concept of low-carbon development involves several interrelated tasks: improving energy efficiency, using renewable energy, protecting and improving the quality of greenhouse gas sinks, limiting or reducing emissions, developing greenhouse gas absorption technologies, eliminating subsidies, and other methods of promoting environmentally destruc...
Article
Full-text available
This article substantiates the need to find and implement innovative tools to improve the efficiency of the domestic system for energy sector control. The authors determined that energy policy renewal should consider Ukraine’s commitments to transition to a carbon-neutral economy. The systematization of scientific achievements shows that one of the...
Article
Full-text available
Access to abundant and affordable primary energy resources has been recognised as an essential factor for the prosperity of human societies. To measure their quality, understood as the ease with which the energy system can extract and transform them into a form useful to society, the concept of energy return on investment (EROI) is widely used. Yet...
Chapter
Full-text available
Nowadays, the primary energy resources and existing water reserves in the world are gradually decreasing. Because of global warming and high consumption of energy and water, researches have focused on new technologies and methods which aim of optimum use of resources while applying functionalites to the material. When the energy and water consumpti...
Article
Full-text available
The development of markets for low-carbon energy sources requires reconsideration of issues related to extraction and use of oil and gas. Significant reserves of hydrocarbons are concentrated in Arctic territories, e.g., 30% of the world’s undiscovered natural gas reserves and 13% of oil. Associated petroleum gas, natural gas and gas condensate cou...
Article
Full-text available
The development of markets for low-carbon energy sources requires reconsideration of issues related to extraction and use of oil and gas. Significant reserves of hydrocarbons are concentrated in Arctic territories, e.g., 30% of the world’s undiscovered natural gas reserves and 13% of oil. Associated petroleum gas, natural gas and gas condensate cou...
Article
Full-text available
The authors test the hypothesis that there is a link between the consumption of non-renewable resources of the leading economies in the European region in terms of value-added industry and health. They performed a ranking correlation analysis on key indicators of population health and volumes of consumption of renewable and non-renewable resources...
Article
Full-text available
The subject at hand is the technology of integrated use of secondary combustible and thermal energy resources of oil refining and petrochemicals for power supply and heat supply of industrial and residential urban areas. Currently, combustible secondary energy resources in petrochemicals in through hydrocarbon gases are burned in smokeless flares a...
Article
Full-text available
The article deals with the problem of using secondary energy resources in the system of transportation and distribution of natural gas, and the possibility of generating electricity without burning fuel by reducing high-pressure natural gas at gas distribution stations. The analysis of the influence of the gas temperature at the entrance to the exp...
Article
Full-text available
The general topic of this paper is to study the possibilities of using renewable energy sources to supply urban consumers electricity, consumers located in areas affected by industrial restructuring. This carries out a comprehensive study on the possibilities of using renewable energy sources in the Motru Basin area. Moreover, creation a mix capabl...
Article
Full-text available
The article examines the current state and possibilities for development of the energy complex in Russia’s Asian regions (territories to the East of the Urals) under the constraints of the globally promoted energy transition agenda. The authors consider these issues mainly from the point of view of the extent to which the development of the energy...
Article
Full-text available
Coal is one of the main primary energy resources in South Africa. This energy carrier is also one of the primary indicators in the energy security of the country. This paper is aimed to examine coal consumption and environmental sustainability in South Africa by examining the role of financial development and globalization phenomena using a data se...
Article
Full-text available
The roof of a large-section roadway will usually undergo progressive deformation and failure under the action of deep surrounding rock stress. The large-section rectangular roadway is more prone to sudden roof caving accident under the weakly cemented formation condition, which poses great threats to operating personnel and mechanical equipment and...
Article
Full-text available
Nowadays, improving the efficiency of power plants by utilizing secondary energy resources is gaining more attention in the energy sector. In this paper, the combined cycle gas turbine (CCGT-420T) was considered, where exhaust heat from the main and auxiliary equipment is utilized, and sent to a water supply system through a closed-circuit heat exc...