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Emergency Medical Care - Science topic

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Publications related to Emergency Medical Care (424)
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Article
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Background and objective. Critical care transport (CCT) involves the movement of critically ill patients between healthcare facilities. South Africa (SA), like other low- to middle-income countries, has a relative shortage of ICU beds, making CCT an inevitability. In SA, CCTs are mostly done by emergency care practitioners; however, it is unclear h...
Article
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Introduction: A burn affects the structure and function of almost every organ including the liver. Material and Methods: This study received approval from Samarkand Centre of Emergency Medical Care (RCSUMA), Uzbekistan. The research program included complex treatment and examination of 82 patients with IIIAB-IV (deep burns) degree burns from 30% to...
Article
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Abstract: Hand burns take significant place in the structure of thermic injuries of different body parts. Restorative treatment of patients with hand burns is very difficult as far as the hand is anatomically complex and very important working organ and also it is an open part of the body. We analyzed the results of treatment of 31 patients with li...
Article
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The application of artificial intelligence (AI) has provided new capabilities to develop advanced medical monitoring sensors for detection of clinical conditions of low circulating blood volume such as hemorrhage. The purpose of this study was to compare for the first time the discriminative ability of two machine learning (ML) algorithms based on...
Article
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Zusammenfassung Hintergrund und Fragestellung Steigende Anforderungen an Dokumentation und sektorenübergreifende Kommunikation führen zu vermehrtem organisatorischem Aufwand im Notarzt- und Rettungsdienst. Die Verwendung digitaler Informationssysteme im präklinischen Einsatz kann sowohl dazu beitragen, Einsatzkräfte bei diesen Aufgaben zu unterstü...
Preprint
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Background: The present study aims to elucidate the applicability of electric vertical takeoff and landing (eVTOL) aircraft that dispatch only a doctor to provide a solution to the operational challenges of utilizing a helicopter to transport a doctor to the patient/s, with such physician-staffed emergency medical helicopters being known as doctor...
Article
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Objetivo: Describir las vivencias en función de la percepción, estrategias de afrontamiento y consecuencias del personal del Servicio de Atención Médica de Urgencia (SAMU) ante la muerte. Metodología: Se realizaron entrevistas en profundidad a tres paramédicos, tres conductores de ambulancia y tres reanimadores. Para el análisis de la información s...
Article
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Background Post-apartheid, South Africa adopted an inclusive education system that was intended to be free of unfair discrimination. This qualitative study examines the experiences and perceptions of racial discrimination between Emergency Medical Care (EMC) students, clinical mentors, and patients within an Emergency Medical Service (EMS) during c...
Article
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Importance The Family Connects (FC) program, a community-wide nurse home visiting program for newborns, has been shown to provide benefits for children and families through the first 2 years of life. Potential longer-term outcomes for child well-being remain unknown. Objective To determine the effect of randomization to FC on child maltreatment in...
Article
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Introduction The Bachelor of Health Sciences Degree in Emergency Medical Care (BEMC) is a unique program in that students operate in both emergency care and rescue contexts, unlike international paramedic degree programs which focus only on emergency care. The learning activities associated with the rescue content are physically strenuous and there...
Article
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Aim To assess the impact of the Summit on Financial Markets and the World Economy held in Osaka City, Japan (G20 Osaka Summit) on the emergency medical services (EMS) system. Methods This study used the ORION database with its population‐based registry of emergency patients comprising both ambulance and in‐hospital records in Osaka Prefecture, Japa...
Article
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Background: There has been an increase in the use of clinical simulations as instructional tools in healthcare education. This is because of their role in ensuring patients’ safety and quality-care provision. Aim: This study investigated the paramedic students’ satisfaction and self-confidence in the clinical simulation of an emergency medical car...
Article
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Aim of stud y Study of hospital results of emergency carotid endarterectomy (CEE) and carotid angioplasty with stenting (CAS) in the acute period of acute cerebrovascular accident (ACVA). MATERIAL AND METHODS From January 2008 to August 2020, the study included 615 patients with hemodynamically significant stenosis of the internal carotid arteries...
Article
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Background: Emergency medical care starts with airway assessment and intervention management. Endotracheal intubation is the definitive airway management in the emergency department (ED) for patients requiring a definitive airway. Successful first pass is recommended as the main objective of emergency intubation. There exists no published research...
Preprint
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Introduction: Post-apartheid, South Africa adopted an inclusive education system that was intended to be free of unfair discrimination. This qualitative study examines the experiences and perceptions of racial discrimination between Emergency Medical Care (EMC) students, clinical mentors, and patients within an Emergency Medical Service (EMS) durin...
Article
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Although many efforts have been made to prevent death from acute myocardial infarction (MI) by quick revascularization therapy and use of mechanical circulation support devices, and to prevent the occurrence of acute MI by optimal medical therapy, acute MI is still a leading cause of death worldwide. Because the majority of fatal MI cases occur out...
Article
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Introduction; Sports medicine is a clinical subspecialty that deals with the examination, monitoring, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of injuries that occur during sports events, training and physical activities in pre-hospital settings. Managing dramatic situations with minor and multiple injuries is a challenge that requires a quick approach...
Article
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Health care and protection is one of the fundamental human rights, which apply to all people of the world. Life and health threats can occur at any place and time, both at times of peace and security and at times of emergencies of any kind. In many cases, provision of urgent medical care creates a time strain. Emergency medical care in the Slovak R...
Article
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Background: Ethiopia has fairly good coverage but very low utilization of health care services. Emergency medical care services require fast, correct and curious services to clients as they present with acute problems. In Ethiopia and Gondar in particular, the quality of emergency medical care has not been studied. The main aim of this study was to...
Article
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The endangering factors from the professional activity of the medical teams working at CEMC to be more comprehensively studied, analyzed and summarized. Preliminary interviews were conducted with medical professionals working at CEMC. On this basis, a questionnaire was developed, surveying through a sociological method the opinion of medical profes...
Article
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წარმოდგენილ ნაშრომში გთავაზობთ, გადაუდებელი სამედიცინო მომსახურების საჭიროებისას ინფორმირებულ თანხმობასთან დაკავშირებული საკითხების მარეგულირებელი სამართლებრივი ნორმების, სასამართლო და საერთაშორისო გამოცდილების ანალიზს. ინფორმირებული თანხმობის მიღების პროცედურის ურთიერთმიმართების საკითხს პაციენტის უფლებასთან დროულად მიიღოს გადაუდებელი სამედიცინო მო...
Preprint
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Background A significant decrease in the number of cases of emergency medical care during the first phase of the Corona pandemic has been reported from various regions of the world. Due to the lack of or delayed use of medical assistance, particularly in the case of time-critical clinical pictures (myocardial infarction, stroke), a corona collatera...
Article
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Defining molecules with high prognostic value for predicting the course and outcomes of life-threatening sepsis, severe injuries, vascular accidents remains an urgent problem in emergency medicine. One of the promising candidate biomarkers of emergency states and critical illness is the content of extracellular DNA (exDNA) in blood plasma. The purp...
Article
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With an increasingly diverse student body entering South African higher education, student preferences regarding teaching methods may vary, and may influence and be influenced by learning styles and personal circumstances. We used a cross-sectional survey, delivered via electronic questionnaire, to describe the characteristics and teaching preferen...
Article
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Emergency medical care in palliative patients during the COVID-19 pandemic, it is important to provide a consistent treatment for stable patients that should be consistent with the goals and benefits, the perspective of these patients, but avoiding palliative patients with a poor prognosis that is unlikely to survive. Cancer is the second leading c...
Article
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Background: In February 2020, the disease caused by the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), was classified as a pandemic. In the pediatric population, coronavirus disease (COVID)-19 has a reported mortality of less than 6% in complicated cases; however, the clinical characteristics and severity are not the same as those presented in the adult populati...
Article
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Forensic medicine focuses on the areas in which medicine and human behavior interface with the law. Violence and crime is escalating at alarming rates around the world and is affecting people of all ages &has become a serious public health problem. Health care professionals involved in the initial response to these victims, in the emergency departm...
Article
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Abstract This research demonstrates the relationship between situational access to emergency medical care and assault lethality, by comparing attempted and completed murders in Greater London, England, over a five-year period (N = 1512 victims). Access to emergency care was operationalised using the time taken to contact emergency services, the dis...
Article
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Cold injury remains one of the most complex and actual problems of emergency medicine. Frosting injuries are also observed in the regions with warm climate particularly in Uzbekistan able - bodies men suffer most often, 85-90% of them are admitted in the condition of alcohol intoxication. A retrospective review was performed of patients admitted to...
Article
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Firearms injuries are a major public health problem in Kosovo. Injuries from firearms injuries are those caused by any firearm (cartridge, Cannonball) and from the special properties war, mine explosive grenades, and other subjects. Epidemiology of the use of firearms in males ranges corresponding 1.9 per 100,000 population, while for women 0.3 per...
Preprint
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Background: Emergency medical care for critically ill patients varies between different emergency departments (ED) and health care systems, while resuscitation of trauma patients is always performed within the ED. In many ED critically ill patients are treated and stabilized while in many German ED they are transferred to intensive care units (ICU)...
Preprint
Full-text available
With an increasingly diverse student body entering South African higher education, student preferences regarding teaching methods may vary, and may influence and be influenced by learning styles and personal circumstances. We used a cross-sectional survey, delivered via electronic questionnaire, to describe the characteristics and teaching preferen...
Article
Full-text available
In the United States (US), the lifetime incidence of incarceration is 6.6%, exceeding that of any other nation. Compared to the general US population, incarcerated individuals are disproportionally affected by chronic health conditions, mental illness, and substance use disorders. Barriers to accessing medical care are common in correctional facili...
Article
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Background: Secondary fracture prevention services (FLS) have been established around the world during several last years. However, due to the differences of medical care organization in different regions, it is difficult to offer a unified approach of the structure and separate components of such services, which could be used everywhere. It is rec...
Article
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Objective: To assess the prevalence, nature of trauma, reason(s) behind these trauma and first-aid care provided during transportation to hospital in Karachi Pakistan. Study also presents the framework of a national trauma registry and comparatively analyzes data between other registries. Method: This cross sectional observational / descriptive stu...
Article
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Significant decrease in death rates from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) can be achieved by developing and implementing an integrated program of administrative interventions focused on improvements in the provision of the first aid and emergency medical care. However, both identification of the foreground and reasonable components of the prog...
Article
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Background. While student enrolment has increased in the South African (SA) higher education system, the undergraduate throughput rate has been abysmal. Consequently, the literature has largely focused on the negative discourse of understanding the hindrance of student success in higher education. Objectives. To take a positive discourse viewpoint...
Article
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The article provides a situational task with a detailed solution, reflecting the principles and procedure for the provision of emergency medical care outside a medical organization during a technogenic emergency (explosion followed by a fire) with several victims. This type of educational technology is applicable both during practical exercises wit...
Article
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A relationship exists between the emergency patient death rate and factors such as the failure to access a patient’s critical data and the time it takes to arrive at hospitals. The ability for Paramedics to access a patient’s complete picture of emergency-relevant medical data is critical and can significantly reduce the annual mortality rate. Toda...
Chapter
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This Book Chapter talks about the recently adopted Policy on Emergency Medical Care for Wounded Persons in Road Accidents, in light with the case of 'Syed Saifuddin Kamal and Bangladesh Legal Aid and Services Trust (BLAST) Vs. Bangladesh and Others' decided by the High Court Division of the Supreme Court of Bangladesh.
Article
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Introduction: Studies have reported that emergency medical care practitioners (EMCPs) encounter challenges when attending to psychiatric emergencies. The EMC provider's ability to understand, assess and manage psychiatric emergencies has been reported to be poor due to limited knowledge and insufficient training. In South Africa (SA), little is kn...
Article
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Журнал им. Н.В. Склифосовского Неотложная медицинская помощь. 2019; 8(2): 186–193. BACKGROuND The term “burnout” was originally developed by the psychologist Herbert Freudenberg (Germany, USA) in the seventies of the last century. Then another psychologist, Christina Maslach was a co-author of the Maslach Burnout Inventory, which was adapted to dif...
Article
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p> Background South Africa is one of the few countries to produce emergency care graduates in Africa. However, a large number of these graduates are emigrating from Africa. Although academic success has been studied in various contexts in Africa, none have looked into the Bachelor of Emergency Medical Care (BEMC). Maximising academic success in th...
Article
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Material and methods. The work is based on the results of retrospective analysis of data from the examination and treatment of 77 patients who were in the Center for Surgery of the Liver and Pancreas of the City Clinical Hospital of Emergency Medical Care in 2005–2017. Results. The article presents our analysis of the results of surgical treatment...
Article
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Objectives Ever since the passage of the Texas Freestanding Emergency Medical Care Facility Licensing Act in 2009, freestanding Emergency Departments (FrEDs) have spread throughout Texas. This study aims to determine whether the entry of FrEDs has been associated with less congestion in hospital-based EDs. Methods The dependent variables of intere...
Article
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Background . Diagnostic mistakes due to incomplete examination of patients are the leading cause of death. The prevalence of such mistakes and their association with treatment outcomes in our country remain uninvestigated. Objective . Our aim was to study the frequency of recording vital and laboratory parameters and its relationship with death in...
Article
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Emergency medical care is one of the core tasks of modern medical systems, including treatment and rescue, medical referral, and intensive care. Regional medical collaboration is an effective way to solve the exchange and sharing of medical resources among medical institutions. It is of great significance to optimize the allocation of medical and h...
Conference Paper
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Purpose: This paper explores the diversity of characteristics and academic needs of the learner body within the Bachelor of Emergency Medical Care degree. Problem: The characteristics of the learner body have not been explicitly described, though the learner body appears to be diverse and have differing life experiences and academic needs. This po...
Article
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The article characterizes the beginning of emergency medicine in Belarus in the end of XIX — beginning of XX cc. Physician`s night duties and ambulance services formation and role in healthcare were analyzed.
Conference Paper
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The learner diversity within the Bachelor of Emergency Medical Care at the Cape Peninsula University of Technology has not been described, save for narrow institutional research. This 4-year professional degree has an NQF 8 exit level. The EMS is inherently diverse and attracts individuals with differing interests and educational expectations. Lear...
Article
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Ancient Greek civilization is one of the oldest civilizations in the history of time. Present modern civilization is grateful to Greek contribution in different sector especially in medical science. Their mythology and knowledge of medical practice keep profound contribution to medical science e.g. Rod of Hermes or Caduceus (the rod has two snakes...
Conference Paper
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Objective To assess the prevalence, nature of trauma, reason(s) behind these trauma and first-aid care provided during transportation to hospital in Karachi Pakistan. Study also presents the framework of a national trauma registry and comparatively analyzes data between other registries. Method This cross sectional observational/descriptive study...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND Emergency medical services prove to be the backbone of a healthcare system for efficient management of emergencies. The quality of care is dependent on the training of healthcare professionals and proper infrastructure to deal with such emergencies.These services can only be effective if the general population has enough knowledge of the...
Article
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Resumen: El objetivo fue analizar la oportunidad de la atención médica de emergencias (tiempo transcurrido desde que ocurrió la lesión hasta el primer contacto con el Sistema Médico de Emergencias -SME) y su relación con distintas consecuencias negativas en salud, en pacientes con lesiones causadas por el tránsito, atendidos en dos hospitales de Mé...
Article
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Emergency medical care (trauma and non-traumatic emergencies) is an important yet ignored public health concern in India. It is one of the fastest growing economies and the Information Technology hub of the world, yet it is struggling to provide quality healthcare to its citizens. We present our concept Emergency Medical Care-Quality, Access, Cost...
Presentation
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Emergency medical care is not a luxury for rich countries or rich individuals in poor countries. Healthcare staff are critical to the delivery of high quality care to patients. All healthcare systems, however they are financed or organised, need adequate numbers of well-trained staff to meet the needs of their populations. And as populations age an...
Chapter
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Emergency care is a critical area of medicine whose outcomes are influenced by the time, availability and accuracy of contextual information. In addition, the success of emergency-care depends on the quality and accuracy of the information received during the emergency call and data collected during the emergency transportation. The success of a fo...
Article
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The objective: To analyze cases of Fournier’s Gangrene (FG) in urological and surgical departments of the Lviv City Hospital for Emergency Medical Care and Lviv Regional Clinical Hospital; to discuss the main principles of diagnostics and treatment of FG. Materials and methods. Retrospective and prospective analysis of 21 cases of FG in urological...
Article
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Introduction: Prehospital Emergency Medical Care (EMC) is a critical service in disaster management. The aim of this study was to explore the challenges of prehospital Emergency Medical Services (EMS) during disaster response in Iran. Methods: A qualitative study was conducted from April 2015 to March 2017. Data were collected through in-depth, se...
Article
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According to data of the World Health Organization, about 20 % of people in the world die because of the lack of qualified medical care at the pre-hospital stage, which determines the increasing role of emergency medical care (EMC) in the health care system. That is why provision of affordable, timely and effective medical care services in Ukraine...
Article
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Introduction Treating patients suffering from major trauma at the site of the incident represents a professional challenge for emergency medical staff. OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of the causes of major trauma treated by the Municipal Institute for Emergency Medical Care Belgrade (EMC). Methods Retrospective analysis of 554 medical report...
Article
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Background. Every 2 years, the incidence of endocrine pathology increased by 23–30 %. During the diagnostic search, 25–30 % of patients with endocrine disorders appear to have 2 to 4 combined surgical diseases. The number of simultaneous surgical interventions in this group of patients remains at the level of 1.5–6 %. The purpose of the study was t...
Article
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Background: Almost 20 years ago, the frequencies of severe hypoglycemia requiring emergency medical treatment were reported in people with types 1 and 2 diabetes in the Tayside region of Scotland. With subsequent improvements in the treatment of diabetes, concurrent with changes in the provision of emergency medical care, a decline in the frequenc...
Article
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The objective: to determine the level of knowledge and skills in the direction of medicine «Emergency medical care and disaster medicine» by conducting questionnaires of postgraduate training physicians. Patients and methods. A poll of 417 postgraduate training physicians was conducted using the methodology of group written questionnaires on a 3-p...
Article
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The work of a hospital’s medical staff is safety critical and often occurs under severe time constraints. To provide timely and effective cognitive support to medical teams working in such contexts, guidelines in the form of best practice workflows for healthcare have been developed by medical organizations. However, the high cognitive load imposed...
Article
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Teamwork and effective communication have been identified as key principles in Crisis Resource Management (CRM) in the context of emergency care medicine. The aim of CRM is to ultimately improve patient safety and prevent at-risk situations or events. These principles optimise patient safety and benefits. Pre-hospital emergency care in Qatar is pro...
Article
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Using a mixed-methods design, this study examines the prevalence of women’s rape by someone other than an intimate partner in Mexico, women’s formal help-seeking strategies and their access to emergency healthcare in state attorney agencies. 18 out of every 10,000 Mexican women were raped during 2011. Only 8.37% of them sought help in law-enforceme...
Article
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ABC om Förmaksflimmer på akuten Förmaksflimmer drabbar mer än 3 procent av Sveriges vuxna befolkning [1]. Detta gör förmaksflimmer till ett vanligt tillstånd på akutmottagningen, dit patien-terna kommer med olika symtom som andfåddhet, hjärtklappning, trötthet, bröstsmärta eller oroskäns-la. Vid tromboembolisering till hjärnan kan patienten drabbas...
Article
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The aim is to study and develop some prognostic criteria for the clinical outcome of acute coronary syndrome into myocardial infarction based on immunomarkers. Materials and methods. Are presented the results of examination of 85 patients admitted to the infarction department of the Republican Clinical Hospital of the Center for Specialized Emergen...
Article
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Background. Incorporation of death risk factors in case of urgent pathology in children remains a matter of argument. Objective. Our aim was to determine death predictors in children hospitalized in emergency. Methods. In a retrospective cohort study, we analyzed the data of inpatient's medical records (form 003/u) of resuscitation patients aged 0-...