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Publications related to Egocentrism (9,051)
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Relatively little is known about the relations between psychopathic traits and interpersonally-directed versus organizationally-directed workplace behaviors despite the implications of these traits for maladaptive (e.g., bullying, harassing, white-collar crime, slacking) and adaptive (e.g., improving the workplace, supporting others) workplace beha...
Article
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Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) health campaigns invite women to talk with their provider, partner, and peers about PrEP, though they do not offer specific guidance about who and how to engage. This study uses egocentric network methods in a sample of women at risk for HIV to understand what characteristics of women (egos), their networks, and netw...
Article
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Although psychopathic personality has been described as a syndrome comprising three or four distinct personality domains, there is still no firm consensus regarding which traits constitute the core features of psychopathy. The present study conducted a network analysis to examine the network structure of psychopathy as operationalized by the Levens...
Article
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The present study aimed to identify meaningful subtypes of psychopathy among Chinese female offenders. A Latent Profile Analysis (LPA) based on the scores of the Levenson Self-Report Psychopathic Scale was performed in a sample of Chinese female prisoners (N = 279, M age = 45.43, SD = 8.62). The LPA yielded three profiles: “low psychopathy group” (...
Preprint
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When comparing themselves with others, people often perceive their own actions and behaviour favourably. This phenomenon is often categorised as a bias of attribution, with favourable self-evaluation resulting from differing explanations of one's own behaviour and that of others. However, studies on availability biases offer an alternative explanat...
Article
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As we move through an environment, we update positions of our body relative to other objects, even when some objects temporarily or permanently leave our field of view-this ability is termed egocentric spatial updating and plays an important role in everyday life. Still, our knowledge about its representation in the brain is still scarce, with prev...
Article
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Various lifestyle factors, including diet, physical activity, and sleep, have been studied in the context of children’s health. However, how these lifestyle factors contribute to the development of cognitive abilities, including spatial cognition, remains vastly understudied. One landmark in spatial cognitive development occurs between 2.5 and 3 ye...
Article
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The degree to which people take advice, and the factors that influence advice-taking, are of broad interest to laypersons, professionals, and policy-makers. This meta-analysis on 346 effect sizes from 129 independent datasets ( N = 17, 296) assessed the weight of advice in the judge-advisor system paradigm, as well as the influence of sample and ta...
Preprint
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In this paper, we present the first transformer-based model to address the challenging problem of egocentric gaze estimation. We observe that the connection between the global scene context and local visual information is vital for localizing the gaze fixation from egocentric video frames. To this end, we design the transformer encoder to embed the...
Article
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The COVID-19 related U.S.-Mexico border-crossing restrictions disrupted social networks and HIV harm reduction services among people who inject drugs (PWID) in San Diego and Tijuana. We assessed associations of descriptive network norms on PWID’s HIV vulnerability during this period. Between 10/2020 and 10/2021, 399 PWID completed a behavioral and...
Article
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Level-2 visual perspective taking (VPT) refers to the ability to understand that other people may see objects differently. Using the number verification task, previous studies have found egocentric and altercentric biases in level-2 VPT. However, the cognitive mechanism of these biases is still unclear. Thus, the present study used the adapted nega...
Article
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Distances are commonly underperceived in virtual reality (VR), and this finding has been documented repeatedly over more than two decades of research. Yet, there is evidence that perceived distance is more accurate in modern compared to older head-mounted displays (HMDs). This meta-analysis of 131 studies describes egocentric distance perception ac...
Article
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Spatial navigation impairments in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) have been suggested to underlie patients experiencing spatial disorientation. Though many studies have highlighted navigation impairments for AD patients in virtual reality (VR) environments, the extent to which these impairments predict a patient’s risk for spatial disorientation in the re...
Article
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This paper argues for a moderate form of essentialism about indexical thought (also known as de se, first-person, or egocentric thought). According to this moderate essentialism, there is a significant category of intentional action that necessarily involves indexical thought. This category of action is navigation, that is, intentionally moving fro...
Article
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The Viennese psychiatrist Rudolf Allers was one of the principal authors that studied character and contributed to understanding its development and education, including the neurotic character. His psychological observations were based on his own clinical experience, his individual psychology, phenomenological and existential philosophies, and, abo...
Article
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During navigation, humans mainly rely on egocentric and allocentric spatial strategies, two different frames of reference working together to build a coherent representation of the environment. Spatial memory deficits during navigation have been repeatedly reported in patients with vestibular disorders. However, little is known about how vestibular...
Article
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Background The triangle completion test has been used to assess egocentric wayfinding for decades, yet there is little information on its reliability. We developed a virtual reality (VR) based test and investigated whether either test of spatial navigation was reliable.Objective To examine test-retest reliability of the real-world and VR triangle c...
Article
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Evidence-based algorithms can improve both lay and professional judgements and decisions, yet they remain underutilised. Research on advice taking established that humans tend to discount advice-especially when it contradicts their own judgement ("egocentric advice discounting")-but this can be mitigated by knowledge about the advisor's past perfor...
Preprint
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To anticipate how a human would act in the future, it is essential to understand the human intention since it guides the human towards a certain goal. In this paper, we propose a hierarchical architecture which assumes a sequence of human action (low-level) can be driven from the human intention (high-level). Based on this, we deal with Long-Term A...
Article
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Recent research has asserted that self-prioritization is an inescapable facet of mental life, but is this viewpoint correct? Acknowledging the flexibility of social-cognitive functioning, here we considered the extent to which mindfulness-based meditation-an intervention known to reduce egocentric responding-attenuates self-bias. Across two experim...
Poster
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Identifying transdiagnostic socio-cognitive profiles across 4 clinical populations o Distinct profiles of perspective-takers found in healthy participants 1,2. o Socio-cognitive impairments and interpersonal difficulties are frequently observed in various mental disorders 4-5. o But inconsistent findings: possibly due to overreliance on single-scor...
Conference Paper
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Future automated vehicles may be equipped with external human-machine interfaces (eHMIs) capable of signaling whether pedestrians can cross the road. Industry and academia have proposed a variety of eHMIs featuring a text message. An eHMI message can refer to the action to be performed by the pedestrian (egocentric message) or the automated vehicle...
Preprint
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This report describes our submission called "TarHeels" for the Ego4D: Object State Change Classification Challenge. We use a transformer-based video recognition model and leverage the Divided Space-Time Attention mechanism for classifying object state change in egocentric videos. Our submission achieves the second-best performance in the challenge....
Preprint
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We implemented Video Swin Transformer as a base architecture for the tasks of Point-of-No-Return temporal localization and Object State Change Classification. Our method achieved competitive performance on both challenges.
Article
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Numerical magnitude information is assumed to be spatially represented in the form of a mental number line defined with respect to a body-centred, egocentric frame of reference. In this context, spatial language skills such as mastery of verbal descriptions of spatial position (e.g., in front of, behind, to the right/left) have been proposed to be...
Article
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Background Falls in older adults are a critical public health problem. As a means to assess fall risks, free-living digital biomarkers (FLDBs), including spatiotemporal gait measures, drawn from wearable inertial measurement unit (IMU) data have been investigated to identify those at high risk. Although gait-related FLDBs can be impacted by intrins...
Preprint
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Procedure learning involves identifying the key-steps and determining their logical order to perform a task. Existing approaches commonly use third-person videos for learning the procedure, making the manipulated object small in appearance and often occluded by the actor, leading to significant errors. In contrast, we observe that videos obtained f...
Article
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Visual systems exploit temporal continuity principles to achieve stable spatial perception, manifested as the serial dependence and central tendency effects. These effects are posited to reflect a smoothing process whereby past and present information integrates over time to decrease noise and stabilize perception. Meanwhile, the basic spatial coor...
Preprint
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Observing the actions of others triggers, in our brain, an internal and automatic simulation of its unfolding in time. Here, we investigated whether the instantaneous internal representation of an observed action is modulated by the point of view under which an action is observed and the stimulus type. To this end, we motion captured the elliptical...
Article
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“Justify, do not punish, but call evil evil”, F.M. Dostoevsky urged. Novels and journalism of Dostoevsky are a kind of a genealogy of evil. In the Bible, the ability to distinguish between Good and evil and, as a сonsequence, the ability to feel shame, mark the birth of consciousness and the beginning of human history. With the recognition of evil,...
Article
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We investigate the impact of farmers’ egocentric information network on technical efficiency and its distribution in the network, using observational data of 600 farmers from northern Ghana. We exploit community detection algorithms to endogenously identify homogeneous network communities with known structures to account for spatial heterogeneity,...
Conference Paper
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Abstrakt: V príspevku prezentujeme výsledky výskumu zameraného na zistenie vekových a medzipohlavných rozdielov v produkcii rizikového správania v dospievaní. Výskumnými nástrojmi boli dotazníky: Výskyt rizikového správania v adolescentnom veku (VRSA; Čerešník, 2013; pôvodná verzia: Výskyt rizikového chování u adolescentů; Dolejš & Skopal, 2013) a...
Preprint
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Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) is ubiquitous in robotic research. It provides posture information for robots to realize balance and navigation. However, humans and animals can perceive the movement of their bodies in the environment without precise orientation or position values. This interaction inherently involves a fast feedback loop between pe...
Article
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In a recent paper, ‘Peripersonal perception in action’ (Synthese, 2018), Frédérique de Vignemont tackles the problem of defining what is peculiar to the visual perception of objects falling within the peripersonal space of the observer, i.e. the space immediately surrounding the body, and which is commonly described as the space in which action tak...
Article
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Narcissists over-estimate their ability to read social cues, misunderstand how others perceive them, and lack perspective-taking abilities. Thus, people high on narcissism might feel more transparent toward others (i.e., felt transparency) than people low on narcissism. But is this the case? We performed a pre-registered mixed-design online study (...
Article
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To achieve the 2030 goal of ending the HIV epidemic, we must consider social network- along with individual-level factors related to HIV prevention among young Black women (YBW). This cross-sectional study examined egocentric social network- and individual-level data of 180 YBW aged 18–24. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to study...
Article
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This study aims to show how supporting new business formation could promote the emergence of new ties in the knowledge network. Stimulating start-ups is conducive to the innovation system and economic development, however, we show how it has additional beneficial effects by the increasing the density of the innovation network. An innovation network...
Article
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Recent literature recognises the importance of situating social networks in spatial context. Yet, the spatial analysis of personal networks has often been limited to examining residential distances between actors. While distance is a central characteristic of social relationships, it is a poor indicator for understanding the intricacies of the geog...
Preprint
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Affordance-centric Question-driven Task Completion for Egocentric Assistant(AQTC) is a novel task which helps AI assistant learn from instructional videos and scripts and guide the user step-by-step. In this paper, we deal with the AQTC via a two-stage Function-centric approach, which consists of Question2Function Module to ground the question with...
Article
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This discussion paper supplements our two theoretical contributions previously published in this journal on the geometric nature of visual space. We first show here how our Riemannian formulation explains the recent experimental finding (published in this special issue on size constancy) that, contrary to conclusions from past work, vergence does n...
Preprint
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Spatial awareness is often intentional, arising from our deliberate actions. While at other times it emerges from unexpected changes in the scene. To navigate the landscape, animals must differentiate the spatial features generated by their actions from stimuli that originate externally. To reveal the neural basis of this ability, we examined the m...
Article
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Phubbing among undergraduate has become an area of increasing research interest in recent years. In recent years, studies on phubbing have increased. However, no empirical study has deal with the mediating effect of fear of missing out (FoMO) on the relationship between dark triad and phubbing. The dark triad refers to three personality traits: Mac...
Article
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The use of landmarks for navigation develops throughout childhood. Here, we examined the developmental trajectory of egocentric and allocentric navigation based on landmark information in an on-screen virtual environment in 39 5–6-year-olds, 43 7–8-year-olds, and 41 9–10-year-olds. We assessed both categorical performance, indicating the notion of...
Preprint
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In this paper, we evaluate state-of-the-art OCR methods on Egocentric data. We annotate text in EPIC-KITCHENS images, and demonstrate that existing OCR methods struggle with rotated text, which is frequently observed on objects being handled. We introduce a simple rotate-and-merge procedure which can be applied to pre-trained OCR models that halves...
Preprint
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Color-based two-hand 3D pose estimation in the global coordinate system is essential in many applications. However, there are very few datasets dedicated to this task and no existing dataset supports estimation in a non-laboratory environment. This is largely attributed to the sophisticated data collection process required for 3D hand pose annotati...
Article
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Psychological time is a complex concept. We examined how male inmates (N = 32) experience selected aspects of time. The study focused on the experience of the present and how it is related to the past and the future. To explore how time is experienced, we referred to spatial metaphors that conceptualize time in simpler categories based on spatial r...
Preprint
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Video-Language Pretraining (VLP), aiming to learn transferable representation to advance a wide range of video-text downstream tasks, has recently received increasing attention. Dominant works that achieve strong performance rely on large-scale, 3rd-person video-text datasets, such as HowTo100M. In this work, we exploit the recently released Ego4D...
Article
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Background Hepatitis C (HCV) infection has been rising in the suburban and rural USA, mainly via injection-based transmission. Injection and sexual networks are recognized as an important element in fostering and preventing risky behavior; however, the role of social support networks has received somewhat less attention. Methods Using baseline dat...
Article
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Our article examines market segments within the broader category of individual donors to charity and cause related organizations. This is an area of research in which considerable conflicting results have been produced. In our study, we find that while similarities between these segments exist along demographic factors and donation behaviour (e.g.,...
Article
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A dataset consisting of whole-brain fMRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging)/MEG (magnetoencephalography) images, eye tracking files, and behavioral records from healthy adult human participants when they performed a spatial-memory paradigm in a virtual environment was collected to investigate the neural representation of the cognitive map defi...
Article
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The social softness illusion (i.e., the tendency to perceive another person's skin as softer than our own) is thought to promote the sharing of social-emotional experiences because of the rewarding properties of receiving and giving social affective touch. Here we investigated whether the ability to distinguish someone else’s body from our own modu...
Article
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Background Spatial navigation impairment is a promising cognitive marker of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) that can reflect the underlying pathology. Objectives We assessed spatial navigation performance in AD biomarker positive older adults with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (AD aMCI) vs. those AD biomarker negative (non-AD aMCI), and examined ass...
Article
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Background This study aimed to investigate how social networks are associated with cognitive function in the middle-aged and elderly Korean population. Methods A total of 7,704 individuals over the age of 50 were included from the baseline recruitment of the Cardiovascular and Metabolic Diseases Etiology Research Center cohort from the years 2013...
Article
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Biological evolution has led to more and more complex organisms, including humans with highly developed brains. This has facilitated adaptation to changing circumstances through conscious self-monitoring, allowing individuals to learn from experiences and to form cultural entities. More recently, a paralimbic brain network instrumental in self-awar...
Article
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In discussing the obligation to love everyone, Mary Astell (1666–1731) recognizes and responds to what I call the theocentric challenge: if humans are required to love God entirely, then they cannot fulfill the second requirement to love their neighbor. In exploring how Astell responds to this challenge, I argue that Astell is an astute metaphysici...
Article
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Following insights by Pierre Hadot, I suggest that although explicit discussions of practices of breath control and other psychosomatic techniques of contemplative attention management are conspicuously absent in early Greek thought, there are some signs that analogous practices did exist, perhaps as early as Socrates. The combined evidence of Aris...
Article
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The current study aimed to investigate whether each of the personality disorder traits should be considered central and/or peripheral in non-Western populations, and the comorbidity between psychopathy and anxiety and depression. A network analysis approach was operationalized by three self-report psychopathy measures as well as anxiety and depress...
Chapter
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Advertising narratives mostly use narcissistic discourses while appealing to the self of today's people to provide identification and transfer between the consumer and the brand. The study focuses on advertisements that promise to complete the lack of spiritual structure that the consumer's ego needs and desires based on a narcissistic narrative. T...
Chapter
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Despite few overt references to the Second Plague Pandemic (1348-1840), The Canterbury Tales (c.1387-1400) offer a compelling psychogram of a diverse community processing massive demographic shifts in the wake of recurrent epidemic waves. Building on Boccaccio’s The Decameron (1349-52), which tells of a group of noblemen escaping plague-stricken Fl...
Article
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The immersive virtual environment is a very powerful tool, but its applications are limited if the cognitive performance of the users cannot replicate the results achieved in the real environment. This empirical investigation assessed the awareness of linear dimension in the virtual environment through a commercial omnidirectional treadmill and hea...
Article
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Social networks of socially disadvantaged individuals can help them in coping with everyday life and avoiding social exclusion. At the same time, social ties also have the power to bind an individual to their disadvantageous situation, perpetuating the risks of social exclusion. One mechanism through which ties can be established are "foci": extra-...
Thesis
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This dissertation investigated how honor and dignity cultural logics were related to why people choose to forgive or not forgive and how that choice was associated with one’s well-being and relationship quality. Few studies examined why people forgive or do not, and even fewer used diverse samples or examined cultural values. In addition, forgivene...