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Selenium (Se) is an essential trace element for humans and animals. The human body mainly acquires Se from plant foods, especially cereal grains. Rice is the staple food for more than half of the world's population. Increasing the Se concentration of rice grains can increase the average human dietary Se intake. This review summarizes recent progres...
Article
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Background The phenomenon of codon usage bias is known to exist in many genomes and is mainly determined by mutation and selection. Codon usage bias analysis is a suitable strategy for identifying the principal evolutionary driving forces in different organisms. Sunflower ( Helianthus annuus L.) is an annual crop that is cultivated worldwide as orn...
Research Proposal
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Dear Colleagues, Food products are increasingly recognized as important for usage of antibiotics, resulting in the residues of veterinary drugs, the transfer of antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ARB), and antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and its genes (ARGs) through unexplained mechanisms which represent a public health threat to the general population...
Cover Page
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Dear colleagues, as guest editors we are pleased to invite you to contribute to a Special Issue "Phytochemicals of Edible Plants: Berry Polyphenols Research, Applications and Health Benefits" for the journal of Plants | An Open Access Journal from MDPI. For further information about this Special Issue, please see: https://www.mdpi.com/journal/plan...
Article
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Traditional agricultural practices enhanced nutritional content in plant food measurably but biofortification augments bio-availability of food with beneficial components using different techniques to provide a continuing and sustainable strategy. Fortification is the practice of deliberately increasing the content of an essential micronutrient...
Article
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The prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) have achieved initial results, but the number of CVDs patients will increase rapidly in the next 10 years. Atherosclerosis (AS) is a significant risk factor for CVDs. The impact of lifestyle and daily diet varies considerably between different countries and continents and has been shown...
Article
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Air pollution connected to smelter activity can significantly deteriorate the quality of soil due to the precipitation of rain or simple deposition of the air particulates into the ground. Hence, in this study, we focused on the analysis of the soil which can inform us about the general state of the environment in the area and the possible health h...
Article
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Burdock (Arctium lappa L) root is eaten as a vegetable in many countries and used as an ethnomedicine because of its various pharmacological effects. The objective of this study was to investigate the underlying mechanisms of ethanolic extract of root from Arctium lappa L root (ALE) to lose weight and regulate lipid metabolism. The results showed t...
Article
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Soybean (Glycine max) is a superior plant food known as the miracle golden bean due to its treasure trove of inexpensive and superior protein to high-priced meat protein. Tofu is typically thought of as a salt or acid-coagulated water-based gel containing soy lipids and proteins trapped within its gel networks. Sprouted tofu is easier to digest and...
Article
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The Rafflesiaceae family consists of three genera of parasitic plants-Rafflesia, Rhizanthes, and Sapria-with purported ethnobotanical and ethnomedicinal properties. In this study, the inhibitory properties of 21 characterized metabolites associated with Rafflesia and Sapria were tested against eight proteins linked to human diseases-including seven...
Article
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Cichorium spinosum L. is a perennial wild edible plant that is usually found near the coasts of the Mediterranean basin. In the present study, we evaluated the effect of the fertilization regime on the growth and chemical profile of pot-grown C. spinosum plants, as well as the effect of extraction protocol (aqueous and hydroethanolic extracts on bi...
Article
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The researchers investigated the efficiency of several disinfectants in reducing coliforms and Escherichia coli rates on carrots and lettuce, as well as using ANN to calculate the bacteria on the edible plants. Fresh greens leaves are cleaned and dried in sterile water. Vaccinated leafy greens vegetables were immersed in a vessel and treated with c...
Article
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Dyslipidemia is an independent risk factor of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), which lead to the high mortality, disability, and medical expenses in the worldwide. Based on the previous researches, the improvement of dyslipidemia could efficiently prevent the occurrence and progress of cardiovascular diseases. Medicinal and edible plants (MEPs) are...
Article
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In many rural farming societies, wild plant foods (WPFs) continue to play an important role in everyday diets as well as in coping with hunger during food shortages. However, WPF collection and consumption may pose challenges to biodiversity conservation efforts (e.g., in protected areas), and some “famine foods,” foods not typically eaten under no...
Article
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In Amazonian foodplains, manioc four is the main plant food product and source of income for local populations. In the context of climate change, extreme fooding is more frequent and intense, making it difcult to cultivate and process manioc. As local knowledge is dynamic and fundamental to adapt in critical times, we studied local techniques for...
Article
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Lead stands as a food contaminant through its accumulation in consumed plants. In this study, the effects of lead (II) chloride (PbCl2) and its levels of uptake on morphological and phytochemical responses of fenugreek were assessed to evaluate its tolerance and safety for human consumption. Results revealed that PbCl2 (50–2000 mg L−1) did not affe...
Article
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Flavonoids are a group of food polyphenols that are delivered to the human body with plant foods. In recent years, these substances have attracted the attention of researchers due to their effectiveness in preventing a wide variety of diseases, including neurodegenerative, oncological, autoimmune, and cardiovascular. Similar pathologies may also oc...
Article
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Hyperkalemia is a major concern in chronic kidney disease and in end-stage renal disease, representing a predictor of hospitalization and mortality. To prevent and treat hyperkalemia, dietary management is of great clinical interest. Currently, the growing use of plant-based diets causes an increasing concern about potassium load in renal patients....
Article
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Cynara scolymus L. (Family: Compositae) or artichoke is a nutritious edible plant widely used for its hepatoprotective effect. Crude extracts of flower, bract, and stem were prepared and evaluated for their in vitro antioxidant activity and phenolic content. The flower crude extract exhibited the highest phenolic content (74.29 mg GAE/gm) as well a...
Article
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Benzylamine is a natural molecule present in food and edible plants, capable of activating hexose uptake and inhibiting lipolysis in human fat cells. These effects are dependent on its oxidation by amine oxidases present in adipocytes, and on the subsequent hydrogen peroxide production, known to exhibit insulin-like actions. Virtually, other substr...
Article
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Metabolic syndrome has become a major health problem which may lead to cardiovascular diseases. In a previous work we have proved the cardiovascular protective effect of two plant food mixtures in rats. So, the present work was established to study the cardiovascular protective effect of consumption of balady bread containing the two plant food mix...
Article
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BACKGROUND: Tribals have developed their tradition of the food system by using native plants having nutritional as well as medicinal values. Different parts of wild edible plants are consumed by them in various forms such as curry, pickles, fried, etc. Such knowledge is applied to cope with starvation and survive in unfavorable conditions. But this...
Article
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Plant infections cause many kinds of microbial pathogens at seedling stage to post-harvest time, as almost all plants are naturally contaminated with fungi in the field, during drying, processing, transportation, and later storage. The study of associated fungal pathogens on infected edible parts of wild edible plants of Bidar district selected six...
Preprint
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The phytophagous spider mites Tetranychus kanzawai and Tetranychus urticae can be as small as <0.5 mm; thus, they are often incidentally consumed along with food plant leaves by voracious lepidopteran larvae (hereafter, ‘caterpillars’). Therefore, the ability to avoid such intraguild predation should confer a selective advantage to mites. We experi...
Article
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In the last two decades, human life expectancy has increased by about 10 years, but this has not been accompanied by a corresponding increase in healthy lifespan. Aging is associated with a wide range of human disorders, including cancer, diabetes, and cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases. Delaying the aging of organs or tissues and improv...
Book
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Željeli smo istražiti u kojoj mjeri današnje stanovništvo poznaje samoniklo jestivo bilje što raste na otoku, kojih se starinskih recepata Zlarinke sjećaju iz prošlih vremena te pripremaju li se još uvijek neka jela od samoniklog bilja. Težište je bilo upravo na mješavini od nekoliko (često i više od desetak) različitih biljaka koje se zajedno beru...
Article
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Portulaca oleracea Linn. (P. oleracea L.) has recently gained attention as a functional food due to the chemical composition of this plant regarding bioactive compounds. The special attention to the use of P. oleracea as an ingredient in functional food products is also due to the promotion of sustainable food. It is an unconventional food plant, a...
Article
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Electronic waste (e-waste) recycling releases mercury (Hg) into the environment, though to our knowledge Hg levels at such sites have yet to be examined on a worldwide basis. A systematic review of scientific studies was conducted to extract, analyze, and synthesize data on Hg levels in e-waste products, environments near recycling sites, and in pe...
Article
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The present article deals with the checklist of aphids (Aphididae: Homoptera) and their food plants belonging to 6 families (Amaranthaceae, Basellaceae, Caryophyllaceae, Nyctaginaceae, Plumbaginaceae, and Portulacaceae) of the order Caryophyllales; and 2 families (Loranthaceae and Santalaceae) of the order Santalales. The plants belonging to the fa...
Article
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Ginkgo biloba has gained increasing attention owing to its remarkable effects against cardiovascular disease. However, the role of G. biloba in hepatic lipid metabolism disorders in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) combined with non‐alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and its underlying mechanisms have not been elucidated. Here, the effective ingr...
Article
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In the 1960s and 1970s, two copper-smelting sites (Sites 2 and 30) and a cultic place (the ‘Hathor Shrine’, Site 200) were excavated by Beno Rothenberg’s ‘Arabah Expedition’ in the Timna Valley. They yielded rich archaeobotanical assemblages, most of which were never published. These data provide a rare opportunity to reconstruct plant food aspects...
Preprint
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Complex geological events such as mountain uplift affect how, when, and where species originate and go extinct, but measuring those effects is a longstanding challenge. The Andes arose through a series of complex geological processes over the past c. 100 million years, impacting the evolution of regional biota by creating barriers to gene flow, ope...
Article
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Oxalate, a compound produced by many edible plants and as a terminal metabolite in the liver of mammals, is a toxin that has a detrimental role to human health. Humans and other mammals do possess enzymatic systems to degrade oxalate. Moreover, numerous oxalate-degrading bacteria reside in the mammalian gut and, thus, provide an important function...
Article
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Potentilla anserina L. is an important traditional Chinese medicinal herb and edible plant with a long usage history. As an indispensable sustainable resource, it has various pharmacological functions and active ingredients. Here, we report its complete chloroplast (cp) genome for the first time. The complete chloroplast genome of Potentilla anseri...
Article
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The progressive decline of bone mass and the deterioration of bone microarchitecture are hallmarks of the bone aging. The resulting increase in bone fragility is the leading cause of bone fractures, a major cause of disability. As the frontline pharmacological treatments for osteoporosis suffer from low patients’ adherence and occasional side effec...
Article
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Hawthorn (Crataegus) is a plant of the Rosaceae family and is widely grown throughout the world as one of the medicinal and edible plants, known as the “nutritious fruit” due to its richness in bioactive substances. Preparations derived from it are used in the formulation of dietary supplements, functional foods, and pharmaceutical products. Rich i...
Poster
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The Meinit community utilized wild edible plants widely for various purposes, mainly as food, household healthcare, and market value. However, the indigenous knowledge associated with the use of plants is significantly degraded by human and climate variability. The study aims to document the traditional knowledge about wild edible plant species (WE...
Article
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Bayberry leaves proanthocyanidins (BLPs) were distributed in natural plant food, considered to have the potential for metabolic syndrome. In this study, we raised Drosophila melanogaster on high sugar diet (HSD) from the egg stage to induce hyperglycemia, and the ameliorative effect of BLPs was assessed based on this model. Phenotypical, biochemica...
Article
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Cadmium (Cd) is a toxic heavy metal that can cause severe health issues if ingested. Certain varieties of rice can accumulate high levels of the metal in edible tissues thereby transferring the toxin into the food chain. As chemical analogs, interactions between the essential mineral zinc and the toxic heavy metal cadmium play an important role in...
Chapter
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Uncountable organizations and people are working on food security; still, in every corner of the world people are facing food problems. Inside our forest, number of food plants is available yet many are to be discovered and explored. Yam species are such unexplored food plants abundantly available in forests. They have food and medicinal values. Ke...
Article
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Penthorum chinense Pursh (PCP), a medicinal and edible plant, is widely used in many clinical liver diseases. Oxidative stress and autophagy impairment play crucial roles in the pathophysiology of alcoholic liver disease (ALD). Therefore, the aim of this study was to elucidate the mechanism of PCP in attenuating ethanol-induced liver injury. The li...
Article
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Amaranthaceae Juss. family encompasses many edible plants with prominent biological activity. This investigation tested the bioactive properties of ethanolic and methanolic extract of three well-known species: spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.), chard (Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris), and orache (Atriplex hortensis L.) through the determination of to...
Conference Paper
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Aflatoxins are one of the most toxic secondary metabolites which made from polyketide produced by fungal species such as Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus parasiticus, Aspergillus niminus. These modes of fungal usually infects grains including wheat, walnut, corn, cotton, peanuts and tree nuts by cousing different side effects like hepatoxicity, tera...
Technical Report
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During 2020-2021, the government of Ireland in line with international recommendations imposed the closure of non-essential trades, services, and commerce. Food plant factories, meat processing plants among others were deemed essential and remained open. During that time, many workers were exposed to outbreaks in their workplaces. Some of the quest...
Article
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Theobromine is mainly found in plant foods, such as tea; the primary source of theobromine is the seeds of the Theobroma cacao tree. Theobromine is an alkaloid belonging to the methylxanthine class of drugs, and it is similar to theophylline and caffeine. Theobromine is known for its efficacy and role in health and disorder prevention. We evaluated...
Conference Paper
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Banana producing in Turkey has increased for the last two decades because of expanding covered production to tackle with unsuitable weather conditions present in open field production. A weed survey was carried out in covered and open field banana productions in the Mediterranean region of Turkey in 2021–2022. 68 species from 25 families were recor...
Article
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Allium ursinum and poisonous adulterants Convallaria majalis and Arum maculatum were used as a model for detection of adulterants in edible plant. A. ursinum samples were spiked with C. majalis and A. maculatum to mimic adulteration. Metabolomic fingerprinting of all samples was performed using 1H NMR spectroscopy, and the resulting data sets were...
Article
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Common ice plant (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L.) is a novel edible plant with a succulent and savory flavor. The plants display prominent epidermal bladder cells (EBCs) on the surface of the leaves that store water and sodium chloride (NaCl). The plants have high nutritional value and are adapted to saline soils. Previous research has determined...
Article
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Litsea coreana var. lanuginose is a perennial, indeciduous, and broad-leaved tree used as an essential medicinal and edible plant. In addition, this species is well-known for its leaves are rich in aromatic oil. In this study, we firstly assembled and characterized the complete chloroplast genome of L. coreana var. lanuginose using Illumina pair-en...
Article
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For centuries, naturalists from the Global North have traveled southwards to collect specimens of species from regions where there were many. The legacy of this is that the large natural history collections and the biodiverse regions of the world are often distant from one another. The unique and often disappearing species and ecosystems in these r...
Article
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Cucurbita ficifolia is an edible plant whose fruits have hypoglycemic, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant activities. Fermentation might improve these properties. This research aims to perform and characterize its fermentation in native and induced conditions with Lactobacillus plantarum (Lp) and evaluate its antioxidant activity and effect on glyc...
Article
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The genus Rinaca Walker 1855 was established with the type species Caligula simla (Westwood 1847) from Simlah (=Shimla), India. Rinaca lindia (Moore 1865) was first reported from northeast, India. During the present study, two specimens of Rinaca lindia (Moore 1865) were collected from the Babareshi region of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), India, after a...
Article
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The use of agro-industrial waste biomass to preserve or restore the soil fertility represents a model of circular economy in the crop treatments, replacing the use of nonrenewable raw products in conventional agriculture. However, the pollution risks embedded in this waste use cannot be neglected. In this paper, the olive oil mill sludge (OOMS) was...
Article
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Food self-sufficiency is a government program that has been actively promoted so that our country, Nigeria, can achieve food independence. Nigeria is an agricultural country with rainy and dry seasons. In the rainy season, food plants usually do not need to be watered, while in the dry season, the plants must be watered regularly according to th...
Article
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Türkiye represents one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots, containing over 11,000 species of plants, with an estimated 10% being edible. Wild food plants, especially in rural areas, are collected and eaten or sold in local markets, complementing people’s diets, and represent a source of additional income for foraging households. Yet, the use of w...