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Ecosystem Ecology - Science topic

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Publications related to Ecosystem Ecology (165)
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Article
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Overfishing and pollution have led to marine habitat degradation, and as a result, marine fisheries are now in decline. Consequently, there is a real need to enhance marine ecosystems while halting the decline of fish stocks and boosting artisanal fishing. Under these circumstances, artificial reefs (ARs) have emerged as a promising option. Neverth...
Book
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The book Floristic Study of Arid Ecosystem: Ecology and Phytosociology focuses on biodiversity, ecology and taxonomy of plant diversity of altitudinal hill gradient environment viz. Kachchh Arid Ecosystem, Western Gujarat, India, with special emphasis on conservation and management of rare, endangered and threatened (RET) taxa. It encompasses the i...
Article
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Les bactériophages tiennent une place prépondérante dans le monde vivant. Du point de vue épistémologique, ils participent à la compréhension du vivant via trois aspects fondamentaux : (i) les mécanismes moléculaires les plus intimes du fonctionnement des infections virales et de celui des cellules elles-mêmes (biologie moléculaire) ; (ii) le fonct...
Article
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The aim of this study was to investigate the efficiency of the recycling education integrated with ecology course in terms of gifted students’ environmental attitudes, recycling knowledge and conceptual understanding about ecology. In the study, weak experimental design was used. Recycling Education Program (REP) was prepared which is integrated in...
Article
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Это русский вариант статьи, которая опубликована на английском языке в журнале Russian Journal of Ecosystem Ecology: Evstigneev O. I., Korotkova N.V.. Features of undergrowth development in eastern european forests // Russian Journal of Ecosystem Ecology. – 2019. – Vol. 4 (2). – DOI 10.21685/2500-0578-2019-2-3. Изучено развитие подроста 13 видов де...
Poster
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Los Humedales son ecosistemas muy completos y dinámicos, en el presente trabajo se determina un análisis cualitativo de los factores dentro del sistema ecológico tomando como prioridad a la ornitofauna en los Humedales de Puerto Viejo, ubicado en el distrito de San Antonio y Chilca, provincia de Cañete, departamento de Lima, durante los meses de ju...
Article
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The aim of this study is to evaluate the Ecosystem Ecology and Current Environmental Problems unit according to Bloom's Program-Based Assessment Model. The research was a descriptive survey model aimed at learning the opinions of teachers and students on the curriculum. The opinions of the students who participated in the research were collected th...
Article
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Это русский вариант статьи, которая опубликована на английском языке: Evstigneev O.I. Ontogenetic scales of relation of trees to light (on the example of Eastern European forests) // Russian Journal of Ecosystem Ecology – 2018. – Vol. 3 (3). – P. 1–18. – DOI 10.21685/2500-0578-2018-3-3. Разработаны шкалы теневыносливости, светолюбия и диапазонов св...
Book
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The extremophiles are those microorganisms thriving under extreme conditions where no other living being will have any chance to survive. The Eurasian zone examples of extreme habitats are those presenting high temperatures, such as hot springs, or those with high salt concentrations, such as salines and hypersaline lakes. The study of extremop...
Article
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Ecosystem budgets of water and elements can be difficult to estimate and are often unreplicated, making it challenging to provide confidence in estimates of ecosystem pools and fluxes. We conducted a survey to learn about current practices in reporting uncertainties in precipitation, streamflow, soils, and vegetation. Uncertainty derives from natur...
Chapter
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Grazing systems, grass-like vegetation interacting with their large mammal grazers, are important globally, where estimates of their potential extent (depending on classifications) range from 30 to 70 percent of the terrestrial land surface and show a major presence on five continents. In grasslands and savanna ecosystems, the grazing energy channe...
Book
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This book explores various aspects of thermophilic and halophilic microbes from Eurasian ecosystems, which have proved to offer a unique reservoir of genetic diversity and biological source of extremophiles. It also covers the biotechnological uses of extremophiles, and their potential use in agricultural and industrial applications. The topics add...
Article
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Outbreaks of predatory crown-of-thorns seastars (COTS) can devastate coral reef ecosystems, yet some corals possess mutualistic guardian crabs that defend against COTS attacks. However, guarded corals do not always survive COTS outbreaks, with the ecological mechanisms sealing the fate of these corals during COTS infestations remaining unknown. In...
Article
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Outbreaks of predatory crown-of-thorns seastars (COTS) can devastate coral reef ecosystems, yet some corals possess mutualistic guardian crabs that defend against COTS attacks. However, guarded corals do not always survive COTS outbreaks, with the ecological mechanisms sealing the fate of these corals during COTS infestations remaining unknown. In...
Article
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Predator–prey relationships are a central component of community dynamics. Classic approaches have tried to understand and predict these relationships in terms of consumptive interactions between predator and prey species, but characterizing the interaction this way is insufficient to predict the complexity and context dependency inherent in predat...
Chapter
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Vermetid mollusks form reefs that protect coasts from erosion, regulate sediment transport, serve as carbon sinks, and provide habitat for many fish and invertebrates. This biogenic habitat is found in tropical, sub-tropical, and warm-temperate coastal areas, such as Bermuda, oceanic islands in Brazil, and Hawaii, several locations within the Carib...
Article
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Global change is altering oceanic temperature, salinity, pH, and oxygen concentration, directly and indirectly influencing marine microbial food web structure and function. As microbes represent >90% of the ocean’s biomass and are major drivers of biogeochemical cycles, understanding their responses to such changes is fundamental for predicting the...
Article
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Metacommunity theory has provided many insights into the general problem of local versus regional control of species diversity and relative abundance. The metacommunity framework has been extended from competitive interactions to whole food webs that can be described as spatial networks of interaction networks. Trophic metacommunity theory greatly...
Article
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One of the most important scientific problems about which we are profoundly ignorant is how ecosystem processes change as populations evolve. These changes in ecosystem processes are propelled by evolutionary changes in organism traits and in turn may exert additional selection pressures on the evolving populations. Understanding these feedbacks be...
Article
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The current study highlights the distribution pattern of juniper dwarf mistletoe (Arceuthobium oxycedri), a semi-parasite of the Eastern prickly juniper (Juniperus deltoides), in Crimea. A. oxycedri has considerably narrower range in Crimea as compared to its principal host and its ubiquitous distribution is rather sporadic. Nature observations cha...
Book
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International Journal of Ecosystems and Ecology Sciences (IJEES) is endorsed by Hysen Mankolli Professor, Ecologist, Plainfield, Illinois, USA and Environment and Health Association, Tirana, Albania. The goal of the IJEES is to bring together researchers and scientists with interests in the quality of the ecosystems research results, theories, tech...
Article
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Sustainability is a key challenge for humanity in the 21st century. Ecosystem services—the benefits that people derive from nature and natural capital—is a concept often used to help explain human reliance on nature and frame the decisions we make in terms of the ongoing value of nature to human wellbeing. Yet ecosystem service science has not alwa...
Article
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A growing literature is reporting on how the terrestrial carbon cycle is experiencing year-to-year variability because of climate anomalies and trends caused by global change. As CO 2 concentration records in the atmosphere exceed 50 years and as satellite records reach over 30 years in length, we are becoming better able to address carbon cycle va...
Article
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In an era of increasingly multidisciplinary science, it is essential to identify the frontiers as well as the core of an inherently holistic discipline: ecosystem ecology. To achieve this, we led a series of town hall events at multiple scientific-society meetings over a two-year period followed by a workshop with a diverse set of ecosystem scienti...
Article
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Это русский вариант статьи, которая опубликована на английском языке: Evstigneev O.I., Korotkov V.N. Ontogenetic stages of trees: an overview // Russian Journal of Ecosystem Ecology. – 2016. – Vol. 1 (2). – P. 1-31. – DOI: 10.21685/2500-0578-2016-2-1. Статья, опираясь на концепцию биологического возраста растений, разработанную российскими учеными,...
Article
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In this study we tested an alternative method for collecting mosquito larvae called the sweep net catch method and compared its efficiency to that of the traditional dip method. The two methods were compared in various water bodies within Kruger National Park and Lapalala Wilderness area, South Africa. The sweep net catch method performed 5 times b...
Article
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Most streams receive substantial inputs of allochthonous organic material in the form of leaves and twigs (CPOM, coarse particulate organic matter). Mechanical and biological processing converts this into fine particulate organic matter (FPOM). Other sources of particles include flocculated dissolved matter and soil particles. Fungi are known to pl...
Chapter
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Vermetid mollusks form reefs that protect coasts from erosion, regulate sediment transport, serve as carbon sinks, and provide habitat for many fish and invertebrates. This biogenic habitat is found in tropical, sub-tropical, and warm-temperate coastal areas, such as Bermuda, oceanic islands in Brazil, and Hawaii, several locations within the Carib...
Article
Full-text available
http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1807-1384.2015v12n2p141 La urbanización global y masiva de los territorios es el más importante fenómeno ecológico de la actualidad. Los estándares de crecimiento urbano son determinantes para la conservación de la diversidad biológica, y asimismo para el grado de calidad de vida de las poblaciones urbanas. Contrariamente...
Article
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An increased understanding of the current and potential future impacts of climate change has significantly influenced conservation in practice in recent years. Climate change has necessitated a shift toward longer planning time horizons, moving baselines, and evolving conservation goals and targets. This shift has resulted in new perspectives on, a...
Article
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Growing concerns about the environmental consequences of chemically based pest control strategies have precipitated a call for the development of integrated, ecologically based pest management programs. Carabid or ground beetles (Coleoptera:Carabidae) are an important group of natural enemies of common agricultural pests such as aphids, slugs, and...
Article
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The western cherry fruit fly, Rhagoletis indifferens Curran (Diptera: Tephritidae), is an endemic herbivore of bitter cherry, Prunus emarginata (Douglas ex Hooker) Eaton, but ∼100 years ago established on earlier-fruiting domesticated sweet cherry, Prunus avium (L.) L. Here, we determined if eclosion times of adult R. indifferens from sweet and bit...
Article
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Nonmanaged plants occurring along forest edges and in suburban settings were sampled for brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Stål), in North Carolina (NC) and Virginia (VA) over the course of three growing seasons. Commercial soybeans (Glycine max), an attractive cultivated host, were also sampled in 2014 in NC and in VA from 2010-2014....
Article
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Despite the applied importance of necrophilous histerid beetles, their communities and habitat preferences had not been characterized in the Iberian Peninsula. The current article describes the composition of those communities in seven types of natural habitats along a bioclimatical gradient in central Spain, describing and discussing the habitat p...
Article
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Moths exhibit different levels of fidelity to habitat, and some taxa are considered as bioindicators for conservation because they respond to habitat quality, environmental change, and vegetation types. In this study, we verified the effect of two phytophysiognomies of the Cerrado, savanna and forest, on the diversity distribution of moths of Erebi...
Article
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The effects of production practices on the relative abundance of springtails (Collembola) in irrigated cotton fields of northern New South Wales (NSW) were studied over 2 yr to examine effects of farm management on these decomposer organisms. Pitfall trapping and soil core extraction was undertaken in both pseudoreplicated plots within whole fields...
Article
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Termites are major plant decomposers in tropical forest ecosystems, but their cryptic nature poses an obstacle for studying their ecological roles in depth. In the current study, we quantified climatic and geographic information of 137 termite collection sites in the Kenting National Park, Taiwan, and described the ecological niches and assemblage...
Article
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Demand for agricultural production systems that are both economically viable and environmentally conscious continues to increase. In recent years, reduced tillage systems, and grass and pasture rotations have been investigated to help maintain or improve soil quality, increase crop yield, and decrease labor requirements for production. However, doc...
Article
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The cerambycid beetle, Phoracantha semipunctata F., was introduced into California in the mid-1980s and killed large numbers of Eucalyptus host trees. The populations of the borer declined to very low levels in the mid-1990s following the establishment of the congener, Phoracantha recurva Newman, and the intentional introduction of the egg parasito...
Article
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Parasitism of ants that nest in rotting wood by eucharitid wasps was studied in order to examine whether habitat and season influence ant parasitism, vegetation complexity and agrochemical use correlate with ant parasitism, and whether specific local and landscape features of agricultural landscapes correlate with changes in ant parasitism. In a co...
Article
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Soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merrill, flowers can be a source of nectar and pollen for honey bees, Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera: Apidae), wild social and solitary bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea), and flower-visiting flies (Diptera). Our objectives were to describe the pollinator community in soybean fields, determine which sampling method is most approp...
Chapter
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Microbiome or microbial diversity is the dominant component of the Earth’s biodiversity. Though present everywhere, the abundance of microbiome varies across different habitats depending on prevailing environmental and biogeographic conditions. Microbiome possesses a central role in general ecosystem ecology in addition to having tremendous applica...
Article
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When honeybees are presented with a colour discrimination task, they tend to choose swiftly and accurately when objects are presented in the ventral part of their frontal visual field. In contrast, poor performance is observed when objects appear in the dorsal part. Here we investigate if this asymmetry is caused by fixed search patterns or if bees...
Article
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Research on biological invasions has increased rapidly over the past 30 years, generating numerous explanations of how species become invasive. While the mechanisms of invasive species establishment are well studied, the mechanisms driving abundance patterns (i.e. patterns of population density and population size) remain poorly understood. It is a...
Article
Full-text available
When honeybees are presented with a colour discrimination task, they tend to choose swiftly and accurately when objects are presented in the ventral part of their frontal visual field. In contrast, poor performance is observed when objects appear in the dorsal part. Here we investigate if this asymmetry is caused by fixed search patterns or if bees...
Article
Full-text available
The reproductive assurance hypothesis states that self-incompatible female plants must produce twice the number of seeds relative to their self-compatible hermaphroditic counterparts to persist in gynodioecious populations. This is a viable life-history strategy, provided that pollination rates are sufficiently high. However, reduced pollination ra...
Article
Full-text available
Research on biological invasions has increased rapidly over the past 30 years, generating numerous explanations of how species become invasive. While the mechanisms of invasive species establishment are well studied, the mechanisms driving abundance patterns (i.e. patterns of population density) remain poorly understood. Invasive species typically...
Article
17 KEY DISCOVERIES, INNOVATIONS in some areas of ecology, environmental sciences, biology (selected). Key words in various languages: German, Japanese, Spanish, Chinese, Italian, Polish, Czech, Turkish, Ukrainian, French, Slovak, Arabic, et al. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/260297085 https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259868034_17...
Article
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http://www.frontiersin.org/Journal/FullText.aspx?s=634&name=marine_ecosystem_ecology&ART_DOI=10.3389/fmars.2014.00001&utm_source=Email_to_authors_&utm_medium=Email&utm_content=T1_11.5e1_author&utm_campaign=Email_publication&journalName=Frontiers_in_Marine_Science&id=79270
Article
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Coral bleaching caused by rising sea temperature is a primary cause of coral reef degradation. However, bleaching patterns often show significant spatial variability, therefore identifying locations where local conditions may provide thermal refuges is a high conservation priority. Coral bleaching mortality often diminishes with increasing depth, b...
Article
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Recycling projects play an essential role in the resolution of such problems through reducing waste or enabling to reuse out-of-order materials in our possession that we may tend to describe as garbage and ultimately through minimization of energy, cost, and time as well as conservation of natural resources. Considering the contributions of recycli...
Article
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Coral bleaching caused by rising sea temperature is a primary cause of coral reef degradation. However, bleaching patterns often show significant spatial variability, therefore identifying locations where local conditions may provide thermal refuges is a high conservation priority. Coral bleaching mortality often diminishes with increasing depth, b...
Article
Full-text available
Between March-May 2013 a massive Salpa maxima bloom was recorded by a citizen science study along the Ionian and Adriatic coast of the Salento peninsula (Italy). Citizen records were substantiated with field inspections along the coast and during an oceanographic campaign in the Otranto Channel. Salps clogged nets, impairing fishing activities alon...
Article
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Natural history is based on observations, whereas modern ecology is mostly based on experiments aimed at testing hypotheses, either in the field or in a computer. Furthermore, experiments often reveal generalities that are taken as norms. Ecology, however, is a historical discipline and history is driven by both regularities (deriving from norms) a...
Article
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Naïve Cotesia vestalis wasps, parasitoids of diamondback moth (DBM) larvae, are attracted to a synthetic blend (Blend A) of host-induced plant volatiles composed of sabinene, n-heptanal, α-pinene, and ( Z)-3-hexenyl acetate, in a ratio of 1.8:1.3:2.0:3.0. We studied whether qualitative (adding ( R)-limonene: Blend B) or quantitative changes (changi...
Article
Full-text available
Naïve Cotesia vestalis wasps, parasitoids of diamondback moth (DBM) larvae, are attracted to a synthetic blend (Blend A) of host-induced plant volatiles composed of sabinene, n-heptanal, α-pinene, and (Z)-3-hexenyl acetate, in a ratio of 1.8:1.3:2.0:3.0. We studied whether qualitative (adding (R)-limonene: Blend B) or quantitative changes (changing...