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Economics of Education - Science topic

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I would like to thank Nury Ariani Wulansari's research team for citing my research paper "Job Satisfaction and Employee's #Self-Schema at Workplace: A Literature Review" in their presentation at International Conference on Economics, Business, and Economics Education 2019.  I believe it can be an outstanding professional movement to consider #staff requirements and attitudes regarding the job and prepare a convenient atmosphere, the Nury research team also thought. 
Also, I would like to know your opinion regarding staff job satisfaction. Which factors are imperative for an organization and staff to have a dynamic work environment with high outcomes?
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Dear Darren, thank you for your view. I do agree with your points.
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I am considering as research an estimate of the equilibrium between supply and demand of pedagogical training, considering how the government makes a decision to offer (or not) pedagogical training to teachers, and, concomitantly, how is the decision making of teachers in participate (or not) in pedagogical training. I thought about doing this using game theory, but I'm not sure what kind of model I should use, or what I should consider to determine that model. Has anyone worked with something similar and could give me any suggestions?
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Dear Carmem Fruhauf de Oliveira,
Your research idea is very interesting. I am sharing my thoughts on it. As mentioned in your question, I consider a game between the government and a potential teacher and it proceeds as follows.
Suppose the government arranges for training and the teachers decide to participate. Now the government must choose the amount of investment. This will create a level of teaching skill which, along with teacher's effort, will become input to produce a particular quality of a good, say 'teaching'. This good will have public good characteristics for the students. On the other hand, a teacher will get a fixed income but only after completion of the training period i.e. in future period. So he will discount his future utility to obtain utility in the present period. But if he does not participate in training, he can still get a job (may be as a contractual teacher) instantaneously but at a lower salary and will produce a low quality public good.
If the government does not invest in training then it will spend that amount in some other development projects which will yield some level of social benefits. In that situation, if a teacher opts for teaching job he will get a lower salary (compared to what he would be getting as a trained teacher) and will produce an inferior quality of the public good (teaching service).
The government, being a social planner, will take decision through maximizing social welfare which will include the payoffs of all the agents, whereas, a teacher will decide by maximizing his own utility.
This is merely a draft of what I thought. You can build a model considering suitable functions and solve it.
With regards,
Tilak Sanyal
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I am an independent researcher in the field of economics of education. need guidance the sources ( like website, forum ) to find the independent research projects.
Thanks
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Hi everyone!
I´m writing my bachelors thesis and originally wanted to study the effect of tuition fees on socioeconomic/intergenerational mobility. I couldn´t find any suitable theory so I´ll have to figure out a new subject.
I´v now thought about the following themes and would be extremely thankful for recommendations on theory or another interesting subject/viewpoint.
  • The effect of an additional year of schooling on intergenerational mobility; the relations theory and actualization during years 19XX-20XX. (I`ve found a dataset for mobility and would like to use STATA or R for the empirical chapters)
  • The effect of compulsory secondary/upper secondary education on intergenerational mobility
  • Interrupted work careers and subsequent earnings; gender earnings gap
  • The obligations/binding nature of unemployment benefits and its effect on the employment rate( comparing Finland, Switzerland, Sweden, USA, Denmark. Obligations on a scale from 1-5)
I`ve studied each subject, but am most familiar with economics of education and social/socioeconomic/intergenerational -mobility.
Stay safe!
Br,
Koskelo Sara
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Thank you for your question. Not finding a "suitable theory" doesn't mean that you have to change your topic. Just start with the empirical part and then figure out the theory on the fly. For a Bachelor thesis this should suffice.
Good luck!
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Or have suggestions on the methods that could be used for such a evaluation.
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Hi Dr. Miroslav
Evaluation of public support programs in education is a broad field. In the US, for instance, they include evaluation of federal programs like school improvement grants. Besides, there are state-level evaluation studies. Among them, evaluations of school voucher programs are worth to look because a growing body of studies has focused on the impact of those programs for the last two decades. Below are two examples that you may want to look at:
Waddington, R. J., & Berends, M. (2018). Impact of the Indiana Choice Scholarship Program: Achievement effects for students in upper elementary and middle school. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 37(4), 783-808.
Chakrabarti, R. (2013). Do vouchers lead to sorting under random private school selection? Evidence from the Milwaukee voucher program. Economics of Education Review, 34, 191-218.
I`d suggest you look at the Journal of Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis for a wide range of education topics.
Best
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Globalization of education tends to be tied with workforce (at least in the Ph.)
Now i am wondering how does the society propagate capitalistic ideas? Does the educational system play a part in normalizing capitalism?
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Each soldier has a marshal's cane injured. Napoleon Bonaparte So do people without culture, who believe that capitalist society will facilitate their enrichment. A beautiful dream.
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As an economist and secondary education economics professor interested in education and labor economics I want to understand the phenomena of skill development in both the educational system (with an special focus on secondary and higher education) and the workplace, and their interactions.
This knowledge will be useful to improve educational and job-market related policies.
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Dear Carlos Cercós-Pérez ,
Just a short email to inform you that I read an interesting book on your topic. It is the book: Brenda Judge, Patrick Jones and Elaine McCreery (2009) Critical Thinking Skills for Education Students, published by Learning Matters Ltd.
I think that the book gives you the basic knowledge about relationship higher education and skills.
I hope I have been of some help,
Yours sincerely,
Andrija
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Voice of Customer (VOC) is vital while improving the quality of any product or process. At Higher education level, students are the main customer to decide the quality of education. Are the institutions providing importance to their students views while improving quality?
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Some additional papers on the same topic, which are avaliable are:
Z. A. Al-Hemyari, and A. Al-Humairi (2017). Quality Teaching of Private HEIs: Comparative Study based on Students’ Perceptions and Expectations. Int. J. of Quality and Innovation, Vol. 3, Nos. 2/3/4, pp. 209-228 (Inderscience).
Al-Hemyari and S. Al-Balushi (2017). Students’ Perceptions and Expectations in Quality Teaching of Private HEIs: Comparative Study. 4th OQNHE Conference 2017, Muscat, pp.1-14.
Z. A. Al-Hemyari and A. M. Al-Sarmi (2015). Standards, benchmarks and qualitative indicators to enhance the institution’s activities and performance: Surveys and data analysis. International Journal of Knowledge-Based Organizations (IJKBO), 5 (4), pp.38-62
Regards,
Zuhair
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having a discrete variable will affect it's distribution, so is it appropriate to assume it is continuous especially there will be problem in the interpretation of the results?
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Hello Heba,
The quick answer is yes, you can use linear regression for such a dependent variable. But, there are things to consider.
Think of a linear probability model with two outcomes (0 or 1). Although a major drawback of such a model is its predicted probabilities (i.e., greater than 1 or less than 0), it is much easier to deal with endogeneity issues when using a linear model. As such, if you are looking to make causal inferences (i.e., zero mean assumption), but have endogeneity issues, a linear problem is a bit easier to tackle. If you take a look at marginal effects of logit or probit and compare to the beta estimates of the linear model, they should be similar. This is telling you that the effect of the variable is approximately the same with either modeling framework.
Ultimately, it comes down to what you trying to do: predict or make causal inference by dealing with endogeneity.
Best,
Jason
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Actually we are investigating on how the number of enrolled university students affect the local economic development of a region.
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Colleagues, try to look at this information in the official statistics of the ministry of education.
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I need the sintaxis required for that macro, in order to proceed.
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Please refer to the website
You will see all the necessary steps such as
GET FILE =‘C:\PISA\DATA2006\All.sav’.EXE
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I am thinking of doing research using econometrics model to calculate Returns to Education. If there is any article/literature/books available as reference, I would love to receive a link.
Thanks
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Respected Nirmal Aryal,
Here is attached paper, i hope so it will help you...
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This is actually the initial longitudinal study to be conducted with bio-feedback. The purpose for the research is to see best practices of of breaking the cycle of incarceration in at risk families; what is the best time to do intervention of pregnant women who are incarcerated or facing incarceration; what is the method of  proposed interventions'; should the intervention include pre/post release programs to include parenting classes, home economics, educational support, healthcare, mental healthcare, and is so what should be the time limit to show the change. The study also proposes that each of us are what are parents are at the time of conception. From gestation to birth the babies in uteri are constantly being impacted by the mothers bio-rhythms as a natural phenomenon with pregnancy. We submit that the biorhythms of incarcerated women or those facing incarceration can through the subjective transfer of those interventions mentioned above impact a generation to break the cycle of incarceration.              
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Hello Silvana, That paper is one of the best at distilling the science of risk and resilience. That working group is working toward disseminating this research to estanlish evidence based early childhood policies and funding I'm glad you found the link helpful. The site has some incredible resouces, videos,policy briefs etc.  Best Rose
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Increasingly educational systems are turning to market practices to improve efficiency. I was wondering what quantitative variables have been used to measure the market environment in which these practices (i.e. school choice) take place? There seems to be a decent amount on higher education but I am interested primarily in primary/secondary education.
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William,
One study used one independent variable (charter or traditional school) and five dependent variables (mathematics exit-level TAKS scores, English exit-level TAKS scores, attendance rates, dropout rates, and expenditures per pupil).
Kind regards,
Janet
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Studies concerning these students or graduates of the RN-BSN program have been done in developed countries and the findings have informed curriculum reviews. Increased student satisfaction in the program has been associated with flexibility, independent adult learning, faculty support, financial aid, an online program etc.
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Hi Joy, not sure this answers your question, but I'll start off the discussion. Anecdotally, students in our BSN programs with low income tend to build their career toward a nursing degree; moving from Unregulated Care Worker, through Licensed Practical Nurse to RN. This reference might be a start...Donald Snook, "Predicting academic success for low -income students in an urban Licensed Practical Nursing (LPN) program" (January 1, 1997). Dissertations available from ProQuest. Paper AAI9810577. http://repository.upenn.edu/dissertations/AAI9810577
The BSN programs in our province strive for distributed learning to communities which would otherwise not have access to nursing education, whether that be because leaving home is personally or economically inviable (family commitments, distance to facilities and cost of living).
Information about student success and program attributes is collected every year for review and evaluation - these are public documents in our institutions.
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Apart from the trial and error method, which is the computer program one can use?
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Walter,
Thank you. I am trying to use the excel program developed by you. However, the data non availability in details may need to develop the excel tables differently. I am sending a excel sheet to you by email.
I look forward for your comments.
Thank you for the details about your book on "Higher Learning, Greater Good". I will try to get it.
Best regards,
Geetha
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I'm especially interested in empirical results, possibly quantitative research. Numerous articles discuss the logical connection between the finance and governance of higher education and a country's economic growth (e.g. OECD Higher Education at a Glance, researches at Bruegel by Aghion et al., Jacobs & Ploeg), but just few of these can justify the direction and the scale of causation.
What is the effect of extra higher education public spending on economic growth? Controlling for other development indicators, how does the proportion of higher edu. degree population affect growth? How can we measure the indirect effect of higher education on economic development (i.e. "production" of intellectuals, development of political culture, innovation as positive externalities)?
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Dear Ezter, good morning and thank you so much for posting this question. I think we should have a dichotomy between the rich countries and the developing ones. For the rich nations with high human development index, higher education lever or at least maintains the intellectual growth, technological and even social one. Unfortunately, in developing countries (I say, excuse me, for my beloved country, Brazil), where there are huge valleys that separate the very rich minority of the majority poor and uneducated, enslaved by stock welfare, I am fully convinced that the primary and secondary education are fundamentally more important for the formation of a solid nation, strong, self-sufficient and independent of "vote buying" on the part of politicians, who do not want a nation closely informed and able to criticize and also self criticize to do more and better choices. It is my humble opinion and contribution. Unfortunately I wish it could be different, very different, and I do my best to make it happen. Sincerely, Vinicius Pedrazzi.
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Human capital theory suggests that there is a direct relationship between the level of education and income, under this premise, the OECD encourages countries to invest in education to reduce existing wage disparities. However, for developing countries the effects of spending on education tend to be oscillatory. That's when the question arises about whether developing countries should substantially increase the level of spending on education, if so, it would be advisable to do so at all levels?
Finally, it is possible to reach an optimal level of spending on education, which maximize the benefits of society? if so, under what arguments would be valid
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Check out papers by Clark, Lawson, and Gwartney. Also check out the Journal of Private Enterprise.