Science topics: EconEconomic History
Science topic

Economic History - Science topic

Explore the latest publications in Economic History, and find Economic History experts.
Filters
All publications are displayed by default. Use this filter to view only publications with full-texts.
Publications related to Economic History (10,000)
Sorted by most recent
Chapter
Full-text available
It is about the economic history of the Bassa Nge People with a limelight on continuity and change from precolonial to the near present.
Article
Full-text available
When people ask me, as they often do, to recommend a single-volume overview of American economic history, I always feel stumped. Sometimes I suggest textbooks in the field, sadly all out of date at this writing, and sometimes monographs that cover specific periods or topics. Now, finally, I have a good answer. I can recommend Jonathan Levy's Ages o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The paper is built upon the general understanding that the Marshall Plan played a crucial role in the reconstruction of Europe after the Second World War. Architecture and urbanism were very important in this respect. A starting point for the paper is the identification of certain key players regarding the connection between the politics of the Mar...
Research
Full-text available
he Alexander Gorchakov Public Diplomacy Fund is a Russian government-controlled non-governmental organisation tasked with developing and disseminating pro-Kremlin foreign policy narratives, both within the country and among foreign audiences. The Fund allocates grants for projects of young professionals in international relations, political science...
Article
Full-text available
This is a tale of two institutions - Planning Commission that had 65 years life and Niti Aayog since 2015. These two are institutions that had Prime Minister of India as their Chair. They play a key role in India's growth story that took India to the fifth largest economy though with a low per capita of $2200 and persisting inequality. This contrib...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter discusses weighing equipment in pre-literate Bronze Age Europe (c. 2300-800 BC) as a material correlate of market exchange. The argument is introduced by a comparative overview of the function of weight systems in the Bronze Age of the Ancient Near East; the evidence suggests that the existence of prices and currencies is a requisite f...
Thesis
Full-text available
Diversos estudos foram realizados acerca do processo de endividamento do Estado no Brasil, mas poucos pesquisadores dedicaram-se a estudar seu papel de credor no sistema interestatal capitalista. Em 1850, no contexto da Guerra contra Oribe e Rosas, o Brasil tornou-se credor do governo que estava sitiado em Montevidéu. Essa relação creditícia que pa...
Article
Full-text available
Studies of Cape Town in the nineteenth century are fairly extensive, and represent a concerted effort on the part of scholars to reconstruct the past of the city. I This work, in contributing to the social and economic history of the town, has cast male figures as its actors, or based its findings only on the activities of men. This is the case, fo...
Article
Full-text available
This review commences with three very important recent works that raise an important question: how is it possible that we should have to wait until 2021 to have works devoted to these fundamental subjects? First, Athens is, for better or worse, at the very centre of what we understand and practise as Greek history; yet there are hardly any books th...
Article
Full-text available
Ésta es una revisión crítico-reveladora y hermenéutica sobre el papel de la Escuela de Salamanca en el nacimiento de la Economía moderna, por lo que debería ser conocida como Escuela Española de Economía (EEE). Se trata de un estudio de Economía Política y Hacienda Pública, además de Historia Económica y de Pensamiento Social, que combina diversos...
Preprint
Full-text available
Assessment of pre-service teachers’ pedagogical preparedness to teach their minor subjects has received no attention in the teacher education literature. This study therefore assesses pre-service geography teachers’ pedagogical competence in their minor subjects, which included Political Science, Economics, History, and Economics. Pedagogical compe...
Article
Full-text available
For most of Canadian economic history, French-Canadians (who composed more than a quarter of the country’s population) had living standards inferior to those of English-Canadians. This was true even within the province of Quebec, where the French-Canadians constituted a majority. Today, no significant gap remains in Quebec. Surprisingly however, th...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates the structural transformation associated with the ‘twin transition’ of decarbonisation and digitalisation in European economies by placing it in a broader historical perspective. With this in mind, this paper analyses the long run trends in energy intensity and communication intensity since 1850. The evidence indicates that...
Article
Full-text available
Economic historians have used GDP and its backwards projections to quantify economic growth and the process of early globalisation from year 1 CE to the present day. This has generated a lively debate concerning which methodologies are the most accurate for quantitative history and which data are most reliable. In addition, whilst an overwhelming a...
Article
Full-text available
Why did France experience the demographic transition first? This question remains one of the greatest puzzles of economics, demography, and economic history. The French pattern is hard to reconcile with elucidations of the process as found in other countries. The present analysis goes back to the roots of the process and offers novel ways of explai...
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides an introduction to this Special Issue of Development Southern Africa that evaluates the impact of COVID-19 in South Africa, one year into the pandemic. All of the papers use evidence from the National Income Dynamics Study – Coronavirus Rapid Mobile Survey (NIDS-CRAM), a five-wave longitudinal survey conducted from April 2020 to...
Article
Full-text available
z Osmanlı sosyal ve ekonomik tarihi incelemelerinde araştırmacılar tarafından sık kullanılan arşiv dokümanlarından biri de muhallefât/tereke kayıtlarıdır. Araştırmacılar tarafından çeşitli açılardan değerlendirmeye tabi tutulan muhallefât kayıtlarında, ölen kişinin kişisel yaşantısı, aile yapıları hakkında bilgiler bulunabileceği gibi, hayatları bo...
Article
Full-text available
The political and economic history of the Vijayanagar empire, Vijayanagar fort in the Kurnool district and Regional Forts, and the development of fort in the Vijayanagar period in the respective domain. How fort help for military and other purposes. Understand the fort of the Kurnool district and Regional Fort's historical study, and the present st...
Preprint
Full-text available
The economic cost of populism is high. This paper finds that when a populist executive rules alongside a populist majority in the legislature, this reduces a country's growth rate of real Per Capita Income by 3.7% below its trend, a phenomenon that spans over a 12-year period before returning to the pre-populist equilibrium. We also outline the mec...
Article
Full-text available
The capitalism and slavery debate is among the most significant in world historiography. This essay suggests that its main perspectives still use nation-based approaches and employ analytical categories of classical and neoclassical economics that obscure the very notion of capital. As a result, the material relations of slavery are reduced to the...
Article
Full-text available
The paper provides an examination of interwar Latvia’s national accounts, checking their usability for estimating interwar economic growth performance. According to the authoritative account of Roses and Wolf [(2010). Aggregate growth, 1913–1950. In S. Broadberry, & K. H. O’Rourke (Eds.), The Cambridge economic history of modern Europe, vol 2. 1870...
Article
Full-text available
In the aftermath of recent crisis, national governments across the global south increasingly see state ownership and control of finance as a vital public policy tool. What explains variation in state control of finance in the wake of crisis? Interventionist policies can elicit disinvestment or exit threats from private financial actors if they limi...
Article
Full-text available
Joint production is a term with a long history in economics, encompassing a variety of ubiquitous production types that usually generate both main products as well as desirable and undesirable byproducts. However, studies in economic history show that important phenomena subsumed under this term were largely ignored by the theories of general econo...
Article
Full-text available
Resumo: A economia alemã sob o nazismo foi caracterizada por Arendt, em Origens do totalitarismo, como não utilitária e padecendo de “esbanjadora incompetência”. A partir desses traços peculiares, o presente artigo procura reunir evidência sobre a irracionalidade da economia nazista, com base em recente literatura da história econômica do período,...
Article
Full-text available
The pandemic-induced economic crisis has seen a massive increase in savings as households could not spend their income. The last time that consumers were seriously rationed was during the Second World War. This article models the behaviour of households during the War years and its immediate aftermath in Ireland, Sweden, the US and UK. Savings were...
Article
Full-text available
A resenha aborda a obra de Malu Gaspar, "A Organização: a Odebrecht e o esquema de corrupção que chocou o mundo". Além de percorrer a obra e suas contribuições, tentamos realizar uma reflexão acerca das diferenças e aproximações entre o jornalismo econômico com os métodos da História econômica e História de empresas.
Preprint
Full-text available
Economic history is integral to the study of economics and economies. Besides providing students with a valuable long-run perspective on the modern world, the field also helps them to better understand the contingency of economic theory. Despite a newfound interest in economic history among economists, teaching and learning in economic history at u...
Thesis
Full-text available
Agribusiness, in its networked complexes and complexes of systems expressed in the current corporate food regime, has strengthened even more as a hegemonic model of territorial development in Brazil in this neoliberal phase of capitalism. The Small Farmers Movement (MPA) has been building and experiencing another model of territorial development: t...
Chapter
Full-text available
A central question of economic history since the nineteenth century has been why capitalist development (often identified with the transformations of modernity) took place in Western Europe and not elsewhere especially in China and Islamic lands which experienced early commercial expansion and the beginnings of industrial development. This question...
Article
Full-text available
For centuries, the world’s tropical regions have been poorer than the temperate-zone countries. Does tropicality make the struggle for economic development harder? What do people caught up in the struggle do? The paper defines ‘tropicality’ as the combination of aridity and seasonal rainfall, and in turn, high inter- and intra-year variability in m...
Article
Full-text available
In the Bronze Age Mediterranean, trade was a key mechanism that defined the era’s political, social, and economic dynamism. This paper reviews recent methodological and empirical developments in the study of trade in the Bronze Age eastern Mediterranean, with a focus on the Late Bronze Age. The complexity of the relevant evidence presents nontrivia...
Chapter
Full-text available
On the medieval Baltic Rim, foreign merchants staying in town for their trade were usually called “guests.” This linguistic connection between otherwise very different languages raises the question of whether, and how far, the medieval coastal societies around the Baltic Sea may have shared common conceptions of trade hospitality and securitization...
Article
Full-text available
Many mainstream schools of economics argue that work is a burden, while nonmainstream schools argue that this might not be entirely true. This paper aims to reconcile this difference by suggesting that individuals will balance income and leisure only after the fixed expense for their current living standard is met. Three applications show that the...
Article
Full-text available
We argue that institutions are bundles that involve trade-offs in the government's ability to provide public goods that affect public health. We hypothesize that the institutions underlying economic freedom affect the mix of diseases by reducing diseases of poverty relative to diseases of commerce (those associated with free movement of people, suc...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Frank P. Ramsey myth is described very well in the following paragraph from a B. Bateman article .Bateman has been spreading this myth since 1985 . Consider the following assessment made by Bateman in 2016 of Ramsey’s 1922 Cambridge Magazine review: “Ramsey’s most noticed achievement (to date) by historians of economic thought is probably the...
Article
Full-text available
The study investigates the conflict between India and Pakistan over Kashmir as a manifestation of a disagreement between the two countries and emphasizes the factors that are required for the state to act independently, including international law perspective, economic history, natural resource production, geography, and culture. According to the f...
Preprint
Full-text available
This article intends to formalize and trace harmonic co-development of human civilization with the nature, taking into account natural heterogeneity of initial conditions on the Earth. It combines elements of ecology, anthropology and economic history and continues previous work of Yegorov in this direction. There were several bifurcations in the t...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter reviews the ethnographic and political histories of Tibet as well as contemporary academic literature on state-led development and social disempowerment in China’s Tibet Autonomous Region. Situating the analysis across the Tibetan Plateau regions of U-Tsang, Ngari, and the Northern Changtang grasslands, we use frameworks of critical ge...
Article
Full-text available
We find ourselves . . . in a vicious eddy of American economic history. Our fortunes as an occupational group have, for a hundred years, been closely bound to the evolution of industrial capitalism, for reasons I tried to analyze in English in America. Because our society expresses its values through the market, a sudden change in the market makes...
Chapter
Full-text available
There is an old adage as known by everyone. “To understand today, one needs to know the past well”. Therefore, in order to understand today’s Turkey’s economic history, one should know the heritage of economic conditions that Turkey had been given. Economic heritage has the roots of economic circumstances during the Ottoman Empire. Economic circums...
Article
Full-text available
El texto recorre los aportes fundamentales de Jorge Gelman a la historia económica argentina, desde sus estudios sobre el mundo rural hasta los últimos desarrollados sobre la desigualdad.
Book
Full-text available
(518 páginas) // PALAVRAS-CHAVE: família Anjos, atitudes económicas, burguesia, comércio, diversificação, elites, história económica, história social, indústria têxtil, Liberalismo, mobilidade social, Regeneração, século XIX. // RESUMO E ESTRUTURA DO TEXTO: São três os principais objectivos deste estudo, que abrange os anos de 1804 a 1909. Primeiro...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The precariousness of work in Brazil and Rio de Janeiro, like other geographic spaces, is a legacy of the transformations of the capitalist system that began in the last quarter of the 20th century that gave rise to the current flexible-neoliberal arrangement (MEDEIROS JUNIOR, 2019; HARVEY). , 2002), and with it the productive restructuring and sub...
Book
Full-text available
Die archäologische Fundstätte Mont Lassois, nahe Vix in Burgund, befindet sich etwa 6 km nördlich von Châtillon-sur-Seine. Die Siedlung auf dem Berg und am Fuß gilt als Beispiel für einen sogenannten Fürstensitz der Hallstattzeit. Im Faunenmaterial aus dem Bereich Les Renards, am östlichen Fuß des Zentralortes, gelang ein früher Nachweis für den Im...
Book
Full-text available
The central importance of the Early Iron Age and the Early Archaic for social transformation processes in ancient Greece has long been appreciated. In contrast, recent research is increasingly turning away from the idea of an overly linear and uniform development towards “the polis”. Instead, considerable regional variability has been identified as...
Chapter
Full-text available
Se presenta un proyecto colaborativo de sostenibilización curricular que tiene como objetivo principal incorporar los Objetivos del Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS) en la asignatura de Historia Económica. La iniciativa forma parte de las acciones de innovación y mejora de la docencia en la Universidad de Murcia. Denominado “ODSesiones de Historia Económ...
Chapter
Full-text available
Este trabajo aborda la dinámica intergeneracional de la familia de los estudiantes matriculados en la asignatura de Historia Económica como observatorio analítico de los cambios socioeconómicos del último siglo. Es una experiencia modesta, pero alentadora para el profesor y el alumnado, que se ha desarrollado en las clases prácticas y en algunas de...
Article
Full-text available
İktisat tarihinde, Orta Çağ'da Avrupa'da şehirlerin yeniden ortaya çıkışı tartışmasında, çeşitli argümanlar ileri sürülse de üzerinde uzlaşılmış bir teori yoktur. Bu çalışmada Orta Çağ Avrupası'nda feodal dönemde şehirlerin ortaya çıkışı konusu iktisat tarihi perspektifinden ele alınmaktadır. H. Pirenne'in bu gelişmenin ticaretin canlanmasıyla şeki...
Article
Full-text available
The article aims to test the new institutional theories of public choice and political markets for our analysis of the empirical evidence collected by the research literature on the realized and unrealized projects of the digital systems development for support of decision-making by the state management of the economy in the late USSR (mid-1950s –...
Research
Full-text available
Since its independence in 1947, India has been famed as the world's largest secular state and democracy, by adopting multiculturalism that includes various languages, religions, and ethnic groups. However, this atmosphere in the country began to change in 2014 when the Hindu nationalist party-Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) came to power with an over...
Article
Full-text available
A long-standing item of interest in Canadian economic history is the “agricultural crisis” that apparently plagued the large colony of Quebec during the first half of the nineteenth century. One particularly resilient explanation of the crisis claims that cultural conservatism made the colony’s French-Canadian population reluctant to embrace modern...
Article
Full-text available
Se presenta y analiza por vez primera el manuscrito completo del informe sobre la geología y minería de Santo Domingo, que realizó Manuel Fernández de Castro en 1861, cuando estaba destinado en la inspección de minas de Cuba. El trabajo se articuló en torno a diez recorridos por la mitad oriental de Santo Domingo. La memoria fue redactada en 1862,...
Preprint
Full-text available
This chapter reviews ethnographic and political histories of Tibet as well as contemporary academic literature on state-led development and social disempowerment in China’s Tibet Autonomous Region. Situating the analysis across the Tibetan Plateau regions of U-Tsang, Ngari, and the northern Changtang grasslands, we use frameworks of critical geopol...
Chapter
Full-text available
Este artículo analiza el desarrollo de Cuba desde una perspectiva económica y global. Estas dos perspectivas están directamente relacionadas entre sí. Discutimos primero el desarrollo histórico, la Revolución Cubana, la cooperación con la Unión Soviética y los aspectos del comercio bilateral. En este contexto, también discutimos la cooperación econ...
Article
Full-text available
Economic history is marked by many events that revived the debate on the role of monetary policy and the exchange rate regime. The abandonment of national barriers, the interdependence of international financial markets, the repetition and contagion of financial crises, have led to a reconsideration of the choice of exchange rate regimes and the cl...
Article
Full-text available
Recent empirical studies on the division of labor in modern cities indicate a complex web of relationships between sectoral specialization of cities and their productivity on one hand and sectoral diversification and resilience on the other. Emerging scholarly consensus suggests that ancient urbanism has more in common with modern urban development...
Article
Full-text available
Academic citation and social attention measure different dimensions of the impact of research results. Both measures do not correlate with each other, and they are influenced by many factors. Among these factors are the field of research, the type of access, and co-authorship. In this study, the increase in the impact due to co-authorship in scient...
Preprint
Full-text available
Academic citation and social attention measure different dimensions of the impact of research results. Both measures do not correlate with each other, and they are influenced by many factors. Among these factors are the field of research, the type of access, and co-authorship. In this study, the increase in the impact due to co-authorship in scient...
Presentation
Full-text available
Introdução O debate sobre a inserção do Estado na economia sucinta algumas questões, tais como: a intervenção do governo na economia é recente? Por que o governo existe? Quais são os objetivos que a intervenção estatal procura revolver? Por que os governos agem ativamente na economia? Por que o mercado não oferece todos os bens e serviços necessári...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The reforms in the 19 th century were some of the most important facts in Ottoman history. The reforms affected the political, economic, and social areas. Also, the reforms were seen as necessary for the industrialization experience of the empire. In the century, decline and modernization could be seen at the same time in the Ottoman Empire. Accord...
Chapter
Full-text available
Part of the contents of the course of Economic History is the study of economic policies throughout history. The objective of this practice was to use the national political contingency as a motivating tool for the students. To get this objective, a comparison was made between the speeches of the presidents of the United States FD. Roosevelt, JF Ke...
Book
Full-text available
Deciphering the European Investment Bank: History, Politics, and Economics examines the European Investment Bank (EIB), the European Union’s financial institution and the largest lender and borrower among the International Financial Institutions. Since its establishment in 1958, the EIB has developed without becoming front-page news and remained h...
Article
Full-text available
Among all statistics, government statistics plays an extremely important role in socioeconomic activities, while the continuous changes of external factors bring new challenges to government statistics and have a great impact on the quality of statistics. With the rapid development of the economy and the maturity of the market economy system, the d...
Book
Full-text available
Deciphering the European Investment Bank: History, Politics and Economics examines the European Investment Bank (EIB), the European Union’s financial institution and the largest lender and borrower among the International Financial Institutions. Since its establishment in 1958, the EIB has developed without becoming front-page news and has remaine...
Article
Full-text available
Since 1800, there have been enormous changes in mechanical technologies farmers use and in the relative contributions of human and animal muscles and machines to farm work. We develop a database from 1800 to 2012 of on-farm physical work in world agriculture from muscles and machines. We do so to analyze how on-farm physical work has contributed to...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we examine the consequences of populist government for long-term economic growth and development. To this end, we estimate the long-term growth impact of the Juan Péron's political rule in Argentina, which led to a comprehensive overhaul of the institutional framework laid by the Argentine founding fathers in the 1853 Constitution. O...
Book
Full-text available
Pensar a economia colonial brasileira é quase um esforço coletivo de autoanálise, de busca das causas originais de alguns dos nossos males presentes. Seja sob o signo da externalidade constitutiva ou da presença marcante da acumulação interna, as interpretações amplas, antigas e recentes, tentam captar a unidade em meio à multiplicidade temporal e...
Book
Full-text available
Este livro reúne pesquisadores de várias gerações para analisar o período mais transformador da nossa história econômica. A partir dos anos de 1930 o desenvolvimento tardio do capitalismo se acelerou, deslocando o eixo da acumulação da agroexportação para o mercado interno industrial; internalizando e integrando mercado de trabalho; concentrando re...
Book
Full-text available
Olhar para essa bela coletânea, tão representativa da riqueza do campo da história econômica hoje é reconhecer a fecundidade desse espaço de fronteira. Seja na articulação entre os vários “canteiros da história”, seja na interface promovida entre as ciências sociais, o lugar da boa história econômica tem sido sempre o de lembrar a importância da vi...
Chapter
Full-text available
No último andar de um luxuoso prédio de escritórios no centro financeiro de Lisboa, a CEO de uma das maiores empresas portuguesa de energia, a Sra. G.H., estava prestes a começar uma reunião do Conselho de Acionistas. G.H. estava ansiosa para convencer o Conselho a investir em linhas de transmissão no Brasil, mas sabia que isso não seria uma tarefa...
Article
Full-text available
In this article we illustrate what the contours of “Cliophysics” are. The term was coined by the “Cliometrics and Complexity” (CAC) team, composed of economists and physicists, and hosted by the Complex Systems Institute of ENS Lyon (IXXI). Cliophysics consists in the application of methodological tools from Complexity and Econophysics to the field...
Article
Full-text available
The Cairo Genizah is well known as a repository for hundreds of thousands of manuscripts that the Jewish residents of Fustat (Old Cairo) produced and consumed in the premodern period. Foreign "collectors" acquired most of these manuscripts for European libraries in the second half of the nineteenth century, with the majority arriving at the Cambrid...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of various income and employment approaches that have been popular throughout economic history, with a focus on linking and delinking aspects of income and employment in the Indian economy. Methods: The semi-log quadratic model was used for the trends of income and employment across the...
Article
Full-text available
This article shows that the descriptions of Southeast Asian geography contained in Ming and Qing Chinese sources that used observations collected from contemporary mariners reflect the structure of the maritime trading networks in the region. It examines several Chinese textual studies of Southeast Asia, navigational rutters, and maps, and uses geo...
Article
Full-text available
Castilla y Leon's fields and plateau have always been best known for their cereal crops. Yet vineyards have also sprung up along the Duero River valley at the same time as the winemaking industry began building wine presses and wineries. Wine growing has had a significant impact on the economic, social and cultural history of the Duero's towns and...
Article
Full-text available
In der Wirtschaftsgeschichte gab es immer wieder Phänomene – Anomalien –, die als unvereinbar mit der herrschenden Ökonomik erschienen. Wenn dies dennoch bis heute zu keinem Paradigmenwechsel in der Dogmengeschichte der Wirtschaftswissenschaften führte, so zeigt sich hierin die besondere Resilienz des herrschenden Paradigmas. In diesem Artikel geht...
Chapter
Full-text available
Banks are a repository country's financial, institutional, and economic history. It determines a country's financial, economic, and institutional quality. Excellent banking systems ensure economic growth and international trade. The global north has built banking systems while the global south is developing. As the global south develops, particular...
Article
Full-text available
In the fields of geology, economics, history, cultural studies, and ecology, tourism can be the basis for proper planning, for sustainable tourism management, and for economic development. The Dasht-e Lut is one of the most significant desert areas in Iran due to its exemplary desert patterns and world-famous landscapes, such as the kaluts and nebk...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen: La historia económica de Ecuador durante finales del siglo XIX e inicios del siglo XX está fuertemente ligada a la exportación de cacao a mercados internacionales. Este "boom" generó transformaciones sociales, económicas, políticas y culturales que marcaron el devenir del país. Uno de estos cambios está asociado a la aparición de una nueva...
Article
Full-text available
The ancient settlement of Henchir Bourgou/Djerba (Tunisia) has been the focus of joint research by the Tunisian Institut National du Patrimoine (INP) and the German Archaeological Institute (DAI) since 2017. The article summarizes the results of a first sondage in the centre of the settlement area. The sequence of layers and the building features f...
Article
Full-text available
This article investigates how regional supply chains support the Western Balkans' economic growth. It first identifies the role of the cefta free trade agreement in expanding the size of the local market and opening up regional trading opportunities. It recounts how the larger market and specific industrial policies have attracted foreign direct in...
Preprint
Full-text available
Nowcasting can play a key role in giving policymakers timelier insight to data published with a significant time lag, such as final GDP figures. Currently, there are a plethora of methodologies and approaches for practitioners to choose from. However, there lacks a comprehensive comparison of these disparate approaches in terms of predictive perfor...
Article
Full-text available
The distribution of the black rat (Rattus rattus) has been heavily influenced by its association with humans. The dispersal history of this non-native commensal rodent across Europe, however, remains poorly understood, and different introductions may have occurred during the Roman and medieval periods. Here, in order to reconstruct the population h...