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Economic Development - Science topic

Mobilization of human, financial, capital, physical and or natural resources to generate goods and services.
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Publications related to Economic Development (10,000)
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Abstract: This paper addresses the main issues of Technopreneur, knowledge and digital economy and their possible role in economic de-velopment in Palestine. Human capital is a main pillar for knowledge economy, in addition to other pillars like appropriate infrastructure and policies. In general, Palestine has limited natural resources. However, i...
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In the modern world, the stock market plays a crucial role in the country’s economic development and is amongst the most versatile sectors in the country’s financial system. It provides a platform for investors to trade shares, bonds, and debentures and allows the companies to raise the much-required funds to boost their business. In this way, the...
Article
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The influence of external debt on the environment is a rising issue in the rapidly developing climate crisis. This study analyzes the relationship between carbon dioxide emissions per capita, gross domestic product per capita and ecological footprint per capita by applying an autoregressive distributed lag model for the Republic of Turkey. Accordin...
Article
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Foreign aid is one source of physical capital accumulation in Ethiopia. It is also a main media of government revenue in meeting increasing trends of government expenditure. To investigate the impact of foreign aid flow on economic growth, various empirical studies were conducted, but they came up with mixed result. This leads to raise question of...
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This article teases out the ramifications of artificial intelligence (AI) use in the credit analysis process by banks and other financing institutions. The unique features of AI models, coupled with the expansion of computing power, make new sources of information (big data) available for creditworthiness assessments. Combined, the use of AI and bi...
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Energy policy affects the functioning of the economic and financial systems of countries worldwide. This paper provides a theoretical overview of the economy-energy nexus and discusses the particular cases of the energy policy dynamics amid the sustainability goals. This paper integrates multiple perspectives on the energy-economy nexus, with a par...
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A R T I C L E I N F O Keywords: Prophet model ICEEMDAN Multi-model optimization error correction DM test Model confidence set trimming A B S T R A C T Nonferrous metals are the basic materials and key strategic reserve resources for national economic development. The fluctuation of metal prices seriously affects the development of modern industry a...
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In this paper, we assess the role of investment in research and development (R&D) and economic policy uncertainty (EPU) in Sri Lanka’s economic growth experience. We do this by first determining which endogenous growth theories best explain the evolution of total factor productivity (TFP) in the country. Using historical time series data (1980–2018...
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While digital finance and renewable energy consumption (REC) are two timely issues, it remains unclear whether the former affects the latter, especially in developing economies. This paper examines the impact of digital finance on China’s REC between 2011 and 2018 and explores the underlying mechanisms. Results show that digital finance, along with...
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With the formation of urban agglomerations, economic zones, and metropolitan areas, the supporting role of the regional logistics industry in economic development is becoming increasingly prominent. It is of great significance to study the spatiotemporal evolution and the coordinated development of regional logistics networks to realize regional in...
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The spatial pattern and mechanism of human flow are of great significance for urban planning, economic development, transportation planning and so on. In this study, we used cell phone location data to represent the human flow network in Guangdong Province, China, using the 21 cities in Guangdong as “nodes” and the human flow intensity among them a...
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Economic evaluations of public health interventions to prevent malaria should consider the adoption of wider perspectives and the inclusion of non-health impacts, particularly economic development outcomes, such as education. This is especially relevant in malaria elimination settings and in the context of the current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic.
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The spatial inequilibrium phenomenon is apparent during China's rapid urbanization in the past four decades. As the fertility rate decreases and the population ages, this phenomenon will become more critical. To accurately forecast the future economic development of China, it is necessary to quantify the attractiveness of individual cities. This st...
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Corruption has a significant impact on economic growth, democracy, and inequality. It has sever consequences at the human level. Public procurement, where public resources are used to purchase goods or services from the private sector, are particularly susceptible to corrupt practices. However, government turnover may bring significant changes in t...
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Energy, which is one of the most basic inputs needed by countries in economic development and growth processes, maintains its importance, in parallel with the increasing world population historically. Supply of security in energy has been a frequently discussed problem in the literature due to the fact that especially energy crises have caused seri...
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The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) initiated by Chinese government could be regarded as a systematic framework for promoting economic cooperation and development among the countries along the Belt and Road and China. This paper attempts to analyze economic and environmental performance in 61 developing countries along Belt and Road. An additive tot...
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We define coevolution in innovative economic systems, as a key driver operating among interactive realms within an evolving complex system, in such a way that the respective innovation, replication and selection domain-specific mechanisms become mutually co-determined in a dynamic sense. We hereby develop the concept, and refer to formal implementa...
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Is a Global Economic Recession Looming? Kalim Siddiqui I. Introduction The International Monetary Fund (IMF) in its latest assessment of the world economy has downgraded prospects for economic growth and also expects higher inflation. The IMF Report (2022) notes: “Global growth is projected to slow from an estimated 6.1 percent in 2021 to 3.6 perce...
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Bangalore is experiencing unprecedented rapid urbanisation and sprawl in recent times due to unrealistic concentrated developmental activities with impetus on industrialisation for the economic development of the region. This has led to large scale land cover changes with serious environmental degradation, posing serious challenges to the decision...
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Real estate price growth affects credit risk for several reasons: it provides input for economic forecasts as it’s closely tied to economic growth; when used as collateral by banks, rising real estate prices may decrease both expected and actual losses; and banks may become less risk averse in lending practices in the presence of rising property pr...
Conference Paper
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Understanding economic development and designing government policies requires accurate and timely measurements of socioeconomic activities. In this paper, we show how to leverage city structural information and urban imagery like satellite images and street view images to accurately predict multi-level socioeconomic indicators. Our framework consis...
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Air pollution in the aviation industry is becoming increasingly severe worldwide, along with rapid economic development. Therefore, it is significant to pay close attention to airlines worldwide. Usually, the airlines contain passenger transportation and freight transportation on the operating move. This paper proposes a parallel range adjusted mea...
Preprint
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Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) played critical roles in both developed and developing countries' economic mobility. These new and small technology-based ventures (STBVs) employ technology graduates and have the potential to spur economic development in Davao City. Nonetheless, given the difficulties encountered by some technical entrepre...
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The development processes from the post-war era to the present day have privileged an economic growth path that has considered the area between Augusta and Siracusa as a uniform and white paper on which to write on. This model has generated negative externalities whose steep increase could only be made tolerable by the sudden and substantial per ca...
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In this study, the effects of relationships between homeland and the Scientific Turkish Diaspora in Germany on the possibility of reverse brain drain and intellectual reverse brain drain are examined through the data obtained from 466 Turkish and/or Turkish scientists. According to the findings, the relationships of the scientists in the diaspora w...
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The technological transformation experienced during the transition to the knowledge economy has made it necessary to increase the employment of R&D personnel and the export of high-tech products for countries that want to gain competitive advantage. This study was conducted to investigate the impact of the share of R&D personnel and researchers and...
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This paper aims at empirical determination of long-run relationship among saving, capital formation and economic growth, using time series data from 1960 to 2019 and time-series methods. The results show unidirectional causality between saving, capital formation and economic growth. It is found that investment has a positive and significant impact...
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El objetivo de este artículo es realizar una aproximación desde una revisión sistemática de la literatura sobre los determinantes del crecimiento económico desde un enfoque de ciclo virtuoso kaldoriano enfocado en los países fundadores de la Alianza del Pacífico y la Asociación de Naciones del Sudeste Asiático a través de bases de datos como Web of...
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Las micro, pequeñas y medianas empresas, Pymes, tienen particular importancia para las economías nacionales, no solo por sus aportaciones a la producción y distribución de bienes y servicios, sino por la flexibilidad de adaptarse a los cambios tecnológicos. Representan un excelente medio para impulsar el desarrollo económico y una mejor distribució...
Conference Paper
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In the context of the global economy, the spread of COVID-19 has made macro-economic determinants, such as the extent of the decline in the economic growth and the specifics of the postcrisis economic recovery, coronavirus shocks, and Coronomic tax regulations, particularly relevant. The coronavirus causes a triple economic shock: a demand shock, a...
Article
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Based on annual data for 31 emerging and developing economies in the period 2000–2020, this paper explores the impact of global economic policy uncertainty on episodes of extreme international capital inflows. Following previous researches, we identify episodes of surges and stops. The results show that the global economic policy uncertainty can si...
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Hydroclimatic change across China has received considerable attention due to its vital significance for regional ecosystem stability and economic development, yet the spatiotemporal dynamics of its nonlinear trends and complexity have not been fully understood. Herein, the spatiotemporal evolution of Dai’s self-calibrating Palmer drought severity i...
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This study aims to assess the nonlinear effect of economic freedom on economic growth using a sample of 35 emerging and developing countries over the period 1996-2018. To this end, the threshold regression approach of Hansen (1999, 2000) has been deployed. The panel threshold analysis provides evidence of significant nonlinear relationship between...
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The online food delivery industry has great potential for development in China. As a new type of service industry, online food delivery has changed with time and China's economic development. Therefore, understanding customer needs and requests requires constant updating. Only by better understanding the needs of customers can more targeted suggest...
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In the era of digital economy, the impact of innovation resources on high-quality economic growth has become increasingly prominent. There are many researches on the influencing factors of innovation performance. The purpose of this study is to explore the factors that affect the innovation performance of high-end manufacturing clusters in China ba...
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This paper provides a theoretical rationale for the simultaneous use of repression and democratic institutions by a non-democratic government, as is often observed in reality. We find that economic development has different impacts on the levels of repression and democracy, depending on whether it appears in the form of rises in income or in educat...
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Crude oil is one of the most important inputs for production activities, and an increase in its price has a crucial effect on economic growth both in developing and developed countries and Somalia is not an exception. To this end, this undertaking models the asymmetric impact of crude oil price on economic growth in Somalia using the nonlinear Auto...
Preprint
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In this research, sustainability in the combustion process in the sugar industry is evaluated through the application of multi-criteria decision analysis. The methodologies analyzed were the TOPSIS method and the analytical hierarchy process (AHP), both are based on the development of three balances (energy, exergetic and emergetic) for the differe...
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China’s economic development has shifted from a high-speed growth stage to a high-quality development stage, which promotes the sustainable economic development of the Yangtze River (YR) and also improves the response capacity of the YR basin’s resilience system to floods. Flood resilience (FR) is not only just the achievement of high-quality econo...
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The growing social inequalities, and the depletion of natural resources and the appearance of poverty, unemployment and illiteracy, are all signs indicate to the failure to achieve the objectives of economic development, especially in developing countries, which had long been working to follow models imported from developed countries, which vary of...
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In recent years, with the rapid economic development, the development speed of all walks of life has entered a new level, and the power industry has also developed rapidly. Driven by market demand, China’s power transmission range and power transmission capacity will enter a new level. At the same time, the problems brought about by the development...
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Valorisation is one of the two functions used by institutions in the transmission of cultural heritage in Italy. While valorisation is a polysemic concept with an uncertain use and wide-ranging implications, the relationships that have been forged between protection, management, realisation, and valorisation are the subject of a controversy that is...
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The digital economy has great potential to sustain China’s high-quality economic growth and substantially strengthen urban innovation capacity. This paper developed a digital economy index using city-level data from China and measured the level of urban innovation with patents per capita. We used a spatial econometric model to explore the spatial i...
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Environmental regulation is an effective environmental policy tool, which can balance the interests of the government, enterprises, and the public and can effectively address the internalization of environmental externalities. The digital economy has emerged as a brand-new force for the advancement of high-quality economic development. In order to...
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Economic growth is considered to be the most important factor for achieving a lower level of poverty, but burgeoning inequality could affect poverty reduction adversely. This article decomposes the change in both rural and urban poverty into what can be termed as ‘growth effect’ and ‘distribution effect’ for twenty major Indian states during India’...
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The study aims at highlighting the effect of European aid on the Palestinian economy in the aftermath of the Oslo agreement. Further, it shows the size and nature of this aid, and how it can be affected by the dominant economic, and political situation. It also highlights some ideas on external and internal obstacles hindering an ideal use of the a...
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The Yellow River Basin is an energy-rich area. The low-carbon development of the Yellow River Basin is one of the ways to achieve ecological protection and high-quality development. Based on panel data from 2007 to 2019, the dynamic and static carbon emission efficiencies of 98 cities in the Yellow River Basin were calculated using the Undesirable...
Chapter
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Atmospheric deposition is the main input route of some elements in soil. Heavy metals in the deposition matter have a significant impact on soil environmental quality. Taking Binzhou Economic Development Zone of Shandong Province as the investigation area, this paper studied the effects of heavy metal deposition on soil environmental quality were s...
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Green and low-carbon transition is one of the most important developments for the oil and gas industry. It is of great significance to the realization of carbon peak and carbon neutrality in the energy sector, and it plays very important role in addressing global climate change issues and the realization of sustainable social and economic developme...
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The relationship between military spending and economic growth has been a hot issue in defense economics for decades, but the empirical results have not been consistent. Considering the “learning by doing” effect of military spending and knowledge creation of R&D department, this paper takes the endogenous growth model as the framework, and, throug...
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During the current global COVID-19 crisis Taiwan has portrayed itself as both an example for other countries to follow and as a country willing to assist others in their own efforts with the virus. Taiwan has also renewed efforts to participate in the World Health Organization (WHO), an organisation from which it is currently excluded. Although som...
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El ecoturismo ha cobrado principal relevancia durante los últimos años por ser una opción para recrear la cultura, preservar las tradiciones y conservar el medio ambiente; además se considera una estrategia de desarrollo económico para combatir la pobreza y la desigualdad en las comunidades rurales del estado de Oaxaca. Por ello, el objetivo del ar...
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The economic growth in the new normal is no longer limited to the total amount and scale of economic growth in the traditional and neoclassical periods, but has changed to “quality” and “development” under the dual requirements of historical changes and tasks of the times. The quality of regional economic growth is an important part of the quality...
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Nearly 6 million workers support the multi-billion-dollar digital economy as one of the fastest-growing sectors in the U.S. labor market. Middle-skill jobs in the digital economy sector that pay higher wages and do not require a bachelor’s degree are underrepresented people of intersectional marginalized identities. This exploratory study builds up...
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The development zone is an important institutional form of industrial spatial organization in China’s economic transformation and is an essential growth pole of urban economic development. Based on the county-level panel data of Guangxi from 2005 to 2017, this study contributes to the discussion by exploring the effects of development zones on econ...
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In the context of the increasingly severe global carbon emission crisis, smoothly reducing emissions without affecting economic development and the continuous improvement of people’s living standards has become an important problem facing China, the country with the largest carbon emissions in the world. From the perspective of intensive land use (...
Research Proposal
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After the end of World War II, Italy experienced rapid economic growth in just a few decades due to its rapid transformation and greatly improved productivity.I will choose the appropriate measure indicator of the productivity. Furthermore, it will plot the graph of the change of productivity in recent year and give the possible reasons in the conc...
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Education plays an instrumental role in the economic development and income generation of any nation. It has the ability to increase productivity in many ways, including by enabling workers to perform existing tasks more quickly, by facilitating the transfer of knowledge about new information, products, and technologies, and by enhancing the abilit...
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In this paper, we build a model based on the notion of green development that may be used to assess a three-dimensional ecological footprint. We design it by calculating two indicators, namely, footprint size and footprint depth. We perform quantitative research on ecological sustainable development. Based on our results, from 2010 to 2020, the per...