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Ecological Engineering - Science topic

Ideas and projects for preservation of ecological equilibrium and struggle against natural cataclysms.
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Publications related to Ecological Engineering (496)
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Article
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Plants are unable to flee from their predators, such as herbivores that may devour them. Plants can, however, rely on natural enemies of insect herbivores for protection in some circumstances. Other predatory and parasitic insects are among these natural adversaries. Habitat manipulation, often known as "Ecological Engineering," focuses on minimisi...
Article
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BackgroundsVegetation dynamics play a dominant role in the global carbon cycle and climate, especially in vulnerable karst ecosystem. Many studies have examined the past several decades changes in vegetation greenness and the associated with climate drivers. Yet, few studies have analyzed the vegetation change in global karst regions particularly i...
Article
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Global greening and its eco-environmental outcomes are getting mounting international focus. The important contribution of China to the global greening is highly appreciated. However, the basic driving forces are still elusive. The Loess Plateau (LP) and Three-River Source Region (TRSR) were chased as study areas in Northern China. The prior one re...
Article
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The Grootspruit valley bottom wetland in South Africa, due to the impact of acid mine drainage (AMD) from an abandoned coal mine, was severely degraded before ecologically engineered interventions, as a passive treatment process, in 2014. The surface water flow of the wetland was redirected using concrete structures to enlarge the surface area of t...
Article
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Ecological engineering is an agroecological approach to pest management that has been adopted by thousands of rice farmers in the Mekong Delta Region of Vietnam. Farmers adopted the intervention as part of a heuristic approach to developing the technology. This study assesses the knowledge, attitudes and practices related to ecological engineering...
Article
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Flooding is one of the leading challenges faced by delta cities in the world. Flood risk management using flood control infrastructure (FCI) is a popular solution to prevent flood damage; however, this is receiving enormous criticism due to its negative impacts on urban ecosystems. Recently, there have been new approaches to flood risk management t...
Research
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Ecological Engineering Conceptual Framework
Conference Paper
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International conference on “Integrated approaches towards sustainable management of environment for safe food-nutrition and improved health”© 2021 Organized by Department of Ecological Studies and International Centre for Ecological Engineering & Department of Food and Nutrition University of Kalyani in collaboration with Kochi University (Japan),...
Article
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Abstract Manganese is an undesirable element in tap water but is common in the groundwater. Several methods can be used for manganese removal, including adsorption. Mined rocks are commonly evaluated as adsorbents and it was the objective of this paper - to investigate the Ukrainian volcanic tuff and basaltic rock from the Ivanodolinsky quarry and...
Article
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Rice cultivation in North East India is organic by tradition; however, the recent outbreaks of the rice-swarming caterpillar, Spodoptera mauritia Boisduval, have compelled rice-farmers to use synthetic insecticides. The outbreak in 2016 affected more than 56,768 ha of winter rice in 28 districts of Assam. About 25,545–42,576 L insecticide was appli...
Article
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Ecological engineering (EE) involves the design and management of human systems based on ecological principles to maximize ecosystem services and minimize external inputs. Pest management strategies have been developed but farmer adoption is lacking and unsustainable. EE practices need to be socially acceptable and it requires shifts in social norm...
Article
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The evaluation of ecological restoration projects can provide support for further strengthening the efforts of ecological restoration work and implementing the strategic objectives of the ecological region. Considering the current problem of the single evaluation index, this study evaluated the implementation effect of ecological projects from diff...
Article
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There is a growing interest in transplanting corals onto the intertidal section of artificial coastal defences (e.g., seawalls) as an ecological engineering strategy to enhance biodiversity on urban shores. However, this inevitably results in exposure to the harsh environmental conditions associated with emersion (aerial exposure). Although the eff...
Article
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El incremento de las actividades humanas ha cambiado la hidrología de sistemas estuarinos y lagunares de zonas costeras, lo que ha generado la degradación de bosques de manglar. Por tanto, el objetivo del presente trabajo fue identificar y documentar la degradación de un área de manglar con daños estructurales, para lo cual se diseñó una propuesta...
Article
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Phenol is one of the main pollutants that have a serious impact on the environment and can even be very critical to human health. The biodegradation of phenol can be considered an increasingly important pollution control process. In this study, the degradation of phenol by Pseudomonas fredriksbergsis was investigated for the first time under differ...
Conference Paper
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Ecological Engineering has been increasingly used to recreate and restore ecosystems degraded by previous human activities, restoring natural processes by recovering suitable conditions for habitats and species of high conservation value, introducing ecosystem functions and services evaluation in water resources management. In this framework, the L...
Conference Paper
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The thesis is relevant to a problem of use space shooting and airborne techniques for hydrological survey of bridge passages. There has been developed a new valid approach to hydrological survey of bridge passages, based on use of remote Earth sounding methods, which are accomplished from an artificial satellite, an airplane or another aircraft. T...
Article
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Sediment is a universal issue that is generated in the river catchment and affects the river flow, reservoir capacity, hydropower generation and dam structure. This paper aims to present the result of experimentation in sediment load estimation using various machine learning algorithms as a powerful AI approach. The data was collected from eight lo...
Chapter
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This chapter examines the role of green infrastructure (GI) and ecological engineering (EE) in mitigating emerging urban environmental threats related to air, water, and soil pollution. The chapter delivers a best-evidence literature review on implementing solutions for mitigating three of the most important environmental threats: urban landfill si...
Article
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Overcoming Limitations of Ecology and Engineering in Addressing Society’s Challenges By providing an integrated, systems-approach to problem-solving that incorporates ecological principles in engineering design, ecological engineering addresses, many of the limitations of Ecology and Engineering needed to work out how people and nature can benefici...
Article
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In the past decades, the search for a more sustainable way of global development has increased in importance in international politics and economy. A driving force is the continuing degradation of the environment in many areas of the world, often caused or accelerated by population growth and climate change. Sustainable development is seen as key a...
Article
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As the global population continues to soar and the number of inhabitants in cities climbs ever higher, sustainable development strategies are urgently needed to prevent catastrophic ecological decline in our urban environments. Understanding anthropogenic threats is the first step towards conservation: Jochen Hack, Professor of Ecological Enginee...
Article
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INTRODUCTION L e projet Brie Eau est un véritable défi. Celui de rassembler un groupe d'acteurs très différents, avec des questionnements variés autour d'un problème concret celui de la protection de la qualité de l'eau dans un ter-ritoire agricole fortement spécialisé en production céréalière, avec pour objectif de pro-duire des réponses durables...
Article
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Waste management requires a reliable waste generation, and the generation of waste and the amount of waste estimated based on facts are factors that can influence it. Ways to reduce environmental impacts on waste management include planned prevention by processing methods based on waste features that are processed at designated locations. Factors s...
Article
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This article describes about the importance of Ecological Engineering
Conference Paper
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Landslides claim many lives and cause high financial losses in mountainous regions around the world every year. Especially in high mountain regions, the landslide risk is likely to increase further in the coming years due to the thawing of permafrost soils and the associated activation of slope dynamics. However, a higher landslide risk is also exp...
Article
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El ámbito de este trabajo es la ‘ingeniería ecológica’ (Mitsch 1993): un enfoque cooperativo con el sistema planetario de soporte de la vida para gestionar y restaurar ecosistemas, apoyado en: 1) un aporte mínimo de energía exógena, comparado con fuentes naturales de energía, 2) profunda raíz ecológica de las tecnologías aplicadas, basadas en cómo...
Chapter
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Restauración ecológica de humedales protegidos usando métodos de ingeniería ecológica en la ciudad de Bogotá (Colombia). Se emplearon áreas asimilables a lagunas Facultativas y Humedales para tratamiento de flujo libre (FS) para el humedal Jaboque y estanque de estabilización y humedal para tratamiento de flujo subsuperficial (HF) para el humedal...
Technical Report
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2021 and potassium (K) in BtCr were recorded significantly higher compared to Bt, SlTr, and Sl. However, a comparison among Bt, SlTr, and Sl revealed that organic C, N, P, and K were highest in Bt, followed by SlTr, and least in Sl. Castor and Cow Pea Yield Crop yield was recorded quite variable during different years as a consequence of drought, h...
Preprint
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Backgrounds Vegetation dynamic plays a dominant role in the global carbon cycle and climate, especially in vulnerable karst ecosystem. Many studies have examined past several decades changes in vegetation greenness and the associated with climate drivers. Yet, few studies have analyzed the vegetation change in global karst regions particularly in t...
Article
Full-text available
Ecological engineering (EE) was employed for developing strategies for stabilizing eroded muddy coasts (EMCs). However, there was a limited analysis of these EE strategies with respect to design, performance, and lessons learned. This study employed a critical review for addressing the limitations. There were four EE models designed with different...
Chapter
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The 120 countries have committed to set the UNCCD sustainable development goal on achieving the land degradation neutrality by 2030 including India. The target has to be accomplished in a synergistic and cost-effective manner in accordance with countries' specific national contexts and development priorities. Globally, the ravine landscapes are con...
Chapter
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The 120 countries have committed to set the UNCCD sustainable development goal on achieving the land degradation neutrality by 2030 including India. The target has to be accomplished in a synergistic and cost-effective manner in accordance with countries’ specific national contexts and development priorities. Globally, the ravine landscapes are con...
Article
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In recent decades, the vegetation of the Sanjiangyuan region has undergone a series of changes under the influence of climate change, and ecological restoration projects have been implemented. In this paper, we analyze the spatiotemporal dynamics of vegetation in this region using the satellite-retrieved normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI...
Chapter
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The construction of routes and roads is a subject of interest, since it impacts the environment, fragments the landscape, affects animal and plant populations, and promotes the invasion of alien species. Its construction affects the geomorphology and vegetation cover creating environments different from the original ones. The objective of the work...
Book
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Resumen El siguiente texto es un aporte a la literatura sobre la adopción de techos verdes, Green Roof, mediante un estudio bibliométrico, así mismo, se reconoce que la producción científica de alta calidad medida a través de las publicaciones, tiene un alto impacto para las comunidades científicas que estén interesadas en las tendencias mundiales...
Article
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Whilst the demand for nutritious and sustainable seafood is increasing, fishing yields are declining due to overfishing and climate change. The inshore aquaculture of marine molluscs-e.g., the suspension-feeding cockle Cerastoderma edule for NW Europe-might be an alternative practice if cost-effective and nature-based technology enhances growth and...
Article
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On July 5, 2017, record heavy rains occurred in Asakura City in Fukuoka Prefecture and Hita City in Oita Prefecture, causing serious damage to 41 dead and missing persons. In the event of a disaster, the Ecology and Civil Engineering Society formed a disaster investigation team consisting of members from various fields, such as ecology, river engin...
Book
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Ecological engineering encompasses all techniques and processes for solving socioeconomic and/or environmental problems through the use of living organisms or other materials of biological or non-biological origin. Four technical approaches may be adopted: ecological restoration, ecological improvement or rehabilitation, creation and protection.Thi...
Article
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The present investigation was aimed at enhancing the quality and productivity of barley by the fertilizer and chitosan application. The field experiments were conducted in the northern region of Jordan, under the rain fed conditions in the main growing seasons of 2014/2015 and 2015/2016. The experiment was conducted in a well-designed split-plot ha...
Article
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Que la Agroecología sea la alternativa agrícola del presente y del futuro mucho tiene que ver con el hecho de que ha sido una realidad histórica para un gran número de pueblos indígenas y campesinos alrededor del mundo. Propongo que dentro del creciente proceso de hibridación académica o recombinación interdisciplinaria que está experimentando la A...
Article
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As an ecological engineering project, artificial upwelling can enhance seaweed growth in the oligotrophic sea area by lifting bottom water, which is rich in nutrients, to the surface and thereby increase coastal carbon sequestration. Generally, engineering projects producing artificial upwelling occur far away from land and are self-powered using o...
Book
Ideologies of Environmental Engineering is planned for a development in initial environmental engineering for sophomore- or junior-level scholars. This manuscript runs a circumstantial in important knowledge and engineering ideologies of environmental engineering for scholars who may or may not become environmental engineers. Ideologies spaces more...
Article
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Biodiversity is one measure of ecosystem balance, so that biodiversity is important to know the condition of the ecosystem in the fields. A high diversity index shows the high stability of the ecosystem because the food webs formed are more complex. The purpose of this study was to obtain information about the diversity of insects in the paddy ecos...
Thesis
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La première partie de ce rapport présente les différentes activités de la société ETUVO et décrit les travaux réalisés durant le stage. Le programme du stage était composé de trois parties : la revue de l’ensemble des baux commerciaux d’ETUVO avec l’objectif de développer des recommandations pour les baux futurs ; l’analyse d’une situation de litig...
Article
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Evidências emergentes mais recentes motivam para a necessidade de um "paradigma de sustentabilidade regenerativa" que entrelaçam os sistemas humanos em uma parceria cocriativa com a natureza; visando aplicar um conjunto de práticas de projeto e engenharia ecológica no seu desenvolvimento narrativo, modificando o ambiente urbano de acordo com as exi...
Chapter
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A successful pest management is based on a thorough knowledge of the target pest's life cycle, and its ecological and behavioural interactions with its environment and natural controlling factors. Ecological engineering has recently emerged as a paradigm for considering pest management approaches based on cultural practices and informed by ecologic...
Article
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Gravel extraction and upstream damming caused profound effects on the estuary of the Lima river (NW Portugal) which was reflected by the collapse of banks, leading further to the destruction of riparian vegetation. This led to consequences such as a progressive negative impact on the preservation of salt marshes over several decades of this protect...
Article
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Dans les années 1960, le concept de génie écologique a été théorisé par Howard Odum, qui a montré la possibilité de contrôler les trajectoires évolutives des écosystèmes en influant sur leurs dynamiques naturelles. Depuis, les définitions de ce concept ont évolué et la discipline s’est diversifiée, comptant actuellement pas moins de 15 domaines d’a...
Article
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The metropolitan regions, especially in developing countries, have experienced rapid population growth due to the absorption of economic immigrants, which have had destructive effects on change in land use environment in the past decades. The current planning process of land use makes it necessary to identify the future pattern of land use on the b...
Poster
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O processo de urbanização da população mundial implica em uma crescente competição por água para abastecimento urbano entre as cidades e outros setores usuários de água presentes nas mesmas bacias hidrográficas; • As bacias hidrográficas passam cada vez mais a ser entendidas como sistemas de produção de água que precisam ser planejadas em longo pra...
Conference Paper
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RESUMO-Dada a crise hídrica em escalada global, as bacias hidrográficas que abastecem os mananciais das cidades são cada vez mais vistas como sistemas de produção de água. Nesses sistemas, a disponibilidade e a qualidade de água podem ser melhoradas com o desenvolvimento de soluções baseadas na natureza (SBN). Tais soluções inspiram-se ou usam proc...
Article
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Preface: This is an updated version of a review written by the author in April 2018 at the request of The Friends of the Everglades, an NGO based in Miami, Florida, on a plan developed primarily by the South Florida Water Management District (SFWMD) to mitigate coastal pollution that has resulted from discharges from Lake Okeechobee to the Gulf of...
Article
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Le réaménagement qui suit l'exploitation des mines est l'occasion d'expérimentations importantes en matière de génie écologique. Sur l'île de Milos, en Grèce, un travail conjoint entre l'exploitant et les scientifiques permet une meilleure compréhension du fonctionnement des écosystèmes pour assurer la restauration de sites miniers en contexte médi...
Chapter
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Human population growth and accelerating coastal development have been the drivers for unprecedented construction of artificial structures along shorelines globally. Construction has been recently amplified by societal responses to reduce flood and erosion risks from rising sea levels and more extreme storms resulting from climate change. Such stru...
Article
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Vegetation is known to be sensitive to both climate change and anthropogenic disturbance in the karst region. However, the relationship between an abrupt change in vegetation and its driving factors is unclear at multiple timescales. Based on the non-parametric Mann-Kendall test and the ensemble empirical mode decomposition (EEMD) method, the abrup...
Article
Full-text available
Preface This is an updated version of a review written by the author in April 2018 at the request of The Friends of the Everglades, an NGO based in Miami, Florida, on a plan developed primarily by the South Florida Water Management District (SFWMD) to mitigate coastal pollution that has resulted from discharges from Lake Okeechobee to the Gulf of M...
Article
Full-text available
Basées sur l'utilisation des effets compétitifs des végétaux indigènes, les techniques de génie écologique visent à la fois le contrôle du développement des renouées asiatiques et la restauration d'une communauté végétale diversifiée dans les zones envahies. Ces méthodes alternatives intéressent de plus en plus de gestionnaires. Cet article s'intér...
Article
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The Liuchuan River is an urban river in Taichung City of Taiwan. It was been affected by the pollution of domestic sewage and commercial wastewater for many years, resulting in the degeneration of water quality in rivers. Because of the hard bank revetment along the coast, the urban blue ribbon are unable to interact with residents. In order to imp...
Article
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China is now accelerating the development of an ecological engineering for carbon sequestration in coastal mariculture environments to cope with climate change. Artificial upwelling as the ecological engineering can mix surface water with bottom water and bring rich nutrients to the euphotic zone, enhance seaweed growth in the oligotrophic sea area...
Article
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La Société Botanique d’Alsace, en collaboration avec l’Herbier de l’Université de Strasbourg, anime le recensement des Herbiers de France pour la région Alsace. Cette note a pour but de décrire deux herbiers récemment inventoriés. Lors de récoltes de plantes, dans la forêt de la Robertsau, pour l’herbier qui doit être réalisé dans le cadre de l’Uni...