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Drinking Water - Science topic

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Publications related to Drinking Water (10,000)
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Article
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Water is one of the most important natural resources without which humans cannot survive. Although efforts have been geared toward ensuring an adequate water supply, potable water shortages continue to persist. This paper, therefore, analyses water demand at a local scale to enhance policymakers’ ability to make informed decisions on water demand m...
Article
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Pigs are sensitive to high environmental temperature due to difficulties in eliminating excess body heat. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of ambient temperature on growth performances, carcass traits and meat quality of pigs. This trial was carried out at the Experimental Center of Livestock at Sunchon National University,...
Article
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Background Antibiotics and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) threaten ecological sustainability and human health, especially the drinking water sources of the Douhe Reservoir, which have critical significance amid their direct use by people and the ecological hub of flora and fauna. Although antibiotics and ARGs pollution in reservoirs have been r...
Article
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High fructose corn syrup (HFCS)-associated health problems have raised concerns. We investigated the effects of HFCS-containing drinking water on body fat, intestinal microbiota structure of mice, and the relationships between them. HFCS drinking water significantly increased body fat content and altered the intestinal microbiome. The Christensenel...
Article
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Contrast media are essential for diagnostic and interventional procedures. Iodinated contrast media are the most commonly used agents, with CT requiring the largest overall quantities. Data show that these iodinated contrast media are found in sewage water, surface water and drinking water in many regions in the world. Because standard drinking wat...
Article
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Drinking water quality remains a persistent challenge across regional and remote Australia. We reviewed public reporting by 177 utilities and conducted a national assessment of reported exceedances against the health-based and aesthetic guideline values of the Australian Drinking Water Guidelines (ADWG). Four definitions of a basic level of drinkin...
Article
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Experimental investigations of an air gap membrane distillation (AGMD) unit were carried out to study the energy-saving by heat recovery. The spiral air gap membrane module in the water desalination unit was used. The unit was configured to operate in two novel arrangements and designed to minimize the loss of heat within the drains which maximize...
Article
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Construction industry around the world has been experiencing a tremendous growth pattern year by year with a major development. Thus it makes today's construction very expensive. Modern concretes almost possess additives, either in the mineral form or chemical form. Particularly chemical admixtures such as water reducers and set controllers are inv...
Article
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Nuclear energy is an important alternative energy source to non-renewable fossil fuels. Nevertheless, the nuclear contamination associated with nuclear activities and wastes is a formidable concern worldwide. Uranium is one of the most commonly used and discharged radionuclides, and hexavalent uranium [U(VI)] has significant mobility owing to its g...
Article
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Drinking water has been supplied to the city of Douala since 1983 from the groundwater from the Massoumbou catchment field. The growth of population in the urban city leads to the development of novel groundwater resources. Several wells have been drilled by the National Company in charge of water in the area. However, the drawdown has dropped off...
Article
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Monitoring of tritium concentration in tap water is an essential tool to determine the effective dose received from tap water. Liquid scintillation counting (LSC) is a widely used technique for determining tritium in water. Due to the very low activity of tritium in tap water, its detection requires a high-efficiency LSC with the lowest minimum det...
Article
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Efficient enrichment of aliphatic bioamines is still a challenge due to their high polarity. In this work, a novel electromembrane extraction method co-modified with quantum dots, bis(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate and trioctyl phosphate (QDs-DEHP-TEHP@EME), was firstly developed for purification and enrichment of four typical aliphatic bioamines, and the...
Technical Report
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Demandas de agua para poblaciones Material elaborado con fines docentes por: Dr. Luis E. Mora. M. CIDIAT. Mérida-Venezuela. El siguiente material se elabora con fines didácticos para Estudiantes del sector Agua Potable y Saneamiento (APyS-WASH). Revisa aspectos referentes a demandas de agua potable y busca orientar la discusion de los estudiantes...
Article
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We describe 10 bones from a sub-adult individual of the extinct diminutive pronghorn Capromeryx furcifer from Tequixquiac in the State of Mexico, Mexico which exhibit bony pathologies. We develop criteria for the recognition of fluorosis based on both gross visual examination and radiography. Positive findings for skeletal fluorosis were found in 8...
Article
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The frequency of extreme weather events, including floods, storms, droughts, extreme temperatures, and wildfires, has intensified globally over recent decades due to climate change, affecting human society profoundly. Among all the impacts of these extreme weather events, the consequences to our reliable water supply have gained increasing attentio...
Article
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Patient satisfaction reflects the quality and effectiveness of healthcare. Healthcare services have become more patient-centric in today's era as patients are viewed as active consumers of healthcare services rather than passive recipients. Measuring patient satisfaction level has become an objective criterion for defining the effectiveness of thes...
Article
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Drinking water is one of the basic needs of life and essential for survival of all living things. Elemental profile, pH and hardness of rain water collected under zinc roofing sheet and open air was determined. The rain water was collected in the month of July and August in Kano metropolis. The results reveals that rain water contains elements such...
Article
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River Yamuna is one of the most sacred major tributaries of river Ganga. This study aimed to assess the level of heavy metals in monsoon and non-monsoon season in river Yamuna in Uttar Pradesh, India and to assess the possible source of contamination and its associated health risk. Except for iron (Fe), the mean levels of all metals were within dri...
Article
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Modern solutions in water distribution systems are based on monitoring the quality and quantity of drinking water. Identifying the volume of water consumption is the main element of the tools embedded in water demand forecasting (WDF) systems. The crucial element in forecasting is the influence of random factors on the identification of water consu...
Conference Paper
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Three alternative materials are suggested to use in the wet cooling tower as a replacement to the standard plastic packing (PL). These are reed plants (RP), drinking water bottlenecks (WB), and chicken feathers (CF). Results show that increasing the airflow rate leads to an improvement in thermal performance together with an increase in pressure dr...
Article
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Governments in developing countries face financial constraints to ensure supply of clean drinking water. They may benefit from increasing water charges for those who are be willing to pay little extra in lieu of their demand for improvement in water quality and service. To check the plausibility of this proposal, we investigated drinking water supp...
Article
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Environmental issues and lack of drinking water had forced researchers to find some alternatives to wastewater treatment. In this work, degradation of dye (Reactive Red 198: RR198) and pharmaceutical (tetracycline) was studied using MIL-53(Fe) and MIL-100(Fe). Catalysts were synthesized and characterized by XRD, SEM, and FT-IR analyses. Effect of p...
Article
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In most volcanic areas, the population considers the use of bottled waters as a healthier and safer option. This study aimed to (i) assess the fluoride concentrations in tap and bottled water consumed on São Miguel Island, (ii) confirm the accuracy of the labeling of fluoride levels on bottled water, and (iii) assess the fluoride daily intake and r...
Article
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The editorial focuses on four major themes contextualized in a virtual GeoHealth workshop that occurred from June 14 to 16, 2021. Topics in that workshop included drinking water and chronic chemical exposure, environmental injustice, public health and drinking water policy, and the fate, transport, and human impact of aqueous contaminants in the co...
Article
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Objective. The aim of this study was to compare the concentration of iodine in drinking water in the same or different seasons of the year in Brazilian macroregions. Method. Water samples were collected from the Basic Health Units of eight municipalities that make up the different Brazilian macroregions and the Federal District. Sample collection t...
Research
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Es conocido que una de las principales cusas de enfermedades transmisibles son causadas por la ingesta, inhalación y contacto de entre otras sustancias, del agua; muchas veces el consumo de este elemento de la naturaleza, vital para nuestra supervivencia como humanos, se realiza en formas poco recomendables, esto propiciado por una falta de higiene...
Article
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For some time now, there has been an increased proliferation of sachet packaged water sold in almost all sale points, even in the streets. With its doubtful quality, it becomes important to carry out a study on the bacteriological examination of those sachets of drinking water in the city of Garoua. 200 samples were collected for the bacteriologica...
Article
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This research attempts to find a new approach for the removal of arsenic (As) from drinking water by developing a novel solution. To the author’s knowledge, iron-loaded activated carbons (Fe-AC) have not been previously applied for the removal of As in a synergistic process using ozonation and catalytic ozonation processes. The As was investigated...
Conference Paper
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This experiment was conducted in the poultry field of the Department of Animal Production College of Agriculture Al-Qasim Green University for " the period 1/10 /2021 to 4/11/2021 The study aimed to add different levels of Chenopodium quinoa seed " powder to the diet and vitamin C to the drinking water to know the best levels of quinoa seed powder...
Article
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Clear-cutting removes a stand cover suddenly, thus impacting soil-surface conditions by the expected increase in the humus breakdown rate, due to the addition of more precipitation and solar radiation. The impacts of removing a forest were studied at a site with deep sandy soils dominated by Scots pine, where three treatments, including a stand lef...
Article
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Fluoride (F) is abundantly present on Earth and plays a beneficial role in human health. However, exposure to high doses of F can be a risk, mainly in endemic fluorosis regions. In light of this, we investigated the effects of F exposure during the intrauterine and postnatal periods of rats, in doses similar to those recommended in drinking water a...
Article
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Evaluating environmental water quality means to assess and protect the environment against unfriendly impacts from various organic impurities emerging from industrial emissions and those released during harvesting. Potential risks related with release of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), pesticides and pharmaceuticals (PhAcs), and personal c...
Article
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Ensuring water availability for agriculture and drinking water supply in semi-arid mountainous regions requires control of factors influencing groundwater availability. In most cases, the population draws its water needs from the alluvial aquifers close to villages that are already limited and influenced by current climatic change. In addition, the...
Article
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Water is required by all living organisms and is used for drinking, irrigation, and industry, among other things. Every individual and community must have access to potable water; as a result, water must be stored in order to supply water, which is then used for domestic purposes. This paper reviews the research varied out in elevated service reser...
Article
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z Yoksullukla mücadele etmede başarılı olmak için yoksulluğun iyi şekilde tanımlanmış olması, yoksulluk ölçüm kriterlerinin iyi belirlenmiş olması gerekmektedir. Özellikle son zamanlarda yapılan çalışmalarda, yoksulluk sadece gelir yetersizliği olarak tanımlanmamakta, yoksulluk çok boyutlu bir sorun olarak tanımlanmaktadır. Yoksulluk göstergeleri ü...
Article
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It is hypothesized that environmental contamination by per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) defines a separate planetary boundary and that this boundary has been exceeded. This hypothesis is tested by comparing the levels of four selected perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) (i.e., perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), p...
Article
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This paper proposes a framework for weighting priority for the multidimensional domains of slum development from the viewpoint of residents. The weights estimated by our framework can be interpreted as marginal utility, and multiplying satisfaction scores in each domain of development by these weights yields residents' utility from slum development...
Thesis
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As per the climatic classification of Koppen the Barmer district lies in steppe (BShw) type of classification which is essentially a semi-arid region. Here rainfall is very scarce and it receives a meagre rainfall of 25-30 cm annually. Most of the rainfall is concentrated in monsoon season and rest of the months barely receive any amount of rainfal...
Article
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The Rosetta Branch is one of Egypt’s most important Nile River branches, providing freshwater to multiple cities. However, its water quality has been deteriorating, with various wastes containing high loads of heavy metals being discharged into its body of water. Seasonally, water and sediment samples and two native aquatic plants (Ceratophyllum de...
Article
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Single-use plastic waste have become ubiquitous in the natural environment globally. In Ghana, the drinking water sector has become heavily dependent on packaged water in the form of sachet and bottled water. This has resulted in increased generation of single-use plastic waste littered in the natural environment. Waste sachets, though still major...
Article
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The natural gross radioactivity concentrations in drinking water collected from the Reyhanlı District, Hatay, were measured. The gross alpha/beta radioactivity levels were measured in August 2021. A proportional counter was used to determine gross alpha/beta radioactivity levels in drinking waters. The activity levels of gross alpha/beta in drinkin...
Article
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This systematic review aims to identify the sources of exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), portioning, and human health risk assessment in Iran. The literature was searched in the international databases of Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, and the national databases of SID and MagIran up to November 14, 2020. Among all 153...
Article
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Objective: There is still no consensus on the impact of using solar disinfection (SODIS) to reduce the prevalence of waterborne gastrointestinal diseases. The reported reduction in diarrhea prevalence among SODIS users has been attributed to the consumption of water free of viable pathogens. However, it has also been suggested that ingestion of SO...
Article
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Objective The objective of the study was to assess the effects of water deprivation on the burden of gastrointestinal nematodes in Nguni does. Methods A survey was piloted on goat keepers in households where water was scarce (n = 143) and where it was available throughout the year (n = 142). In a controlled experiment, feed intake (ADFI), body con...
Article
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Disinfection is an essential process for drinking water supplies resulting in the formation of unintended disinfection by-products (DBPs), many of which are potentially toxic and are known as the possible or probable human carcinogens. As of now, 100⁺ DBPs were characterized while about 600⁺ others can be formed in the supply water. To protect the...
Article
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Background and objectives Diarrhoea is a preventable and treatable faecal-oral disease. Despite significant inputs from the health and non-health sector in the treatment and prevention of diarrhoea, it remains a significant contributor to under-five-years children mortality and exerts profound effects on their growth and development. Bacteriophage...
Article
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The development of students’ argumentation competence is one of the major aims of science education and everyday problems, such as decisions on the consumption of tap water or bottled water, which may be suitable contexts to encourage it. Citizens consider of interest certain controversies associated with the bottled water consumption as an alterna...
Article
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The Canary Islands have a water culture tied to the exploitation of their groundwater by means of wells and water galleries. However, the growth of tourism, the increase in the local population and the development of agriculture have led to the emergence of new ways of obtaining water, such as the desalination of seawater. The presence of these des...
Article
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Urbanization leads to changes in the natural state of the environment, including changes in natural aquatic habitats within urbanized zones. In the present study, the impact of urbanization on the water quality of urban streams, which are important sources of drinking water and recreational areas for the urban population, was investigated along two...
Article
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This preliminary study highlights the vulnerability of water resources to mercury (Hg) contamination in the northern Indian plains, the global hotspot of atmospheric Hg emission. The total dissolved Hg in the river, lake and groundwater samples ranged from 5 to 1414 ng/L (n = 13). The dissolved Hg concentration increased by two orders of magnitude...
Article
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Saltwater intrusion in the Changjiang Estuary occurs in winter and dry season, which may affect drinking water supply in Shanghai. An atypical saltwater intrusion event, observed under high river discharge (>20,000 m³/s) in October 2018, coincided with the passage of super typhoon Kong‐rey. The response of the estuarine salt field is reproduced her...
Article
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In the original publication of the article, the affiliation “Department of Environmental Engineering, Bushehr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bushehr, Iran” was mistakenly included for the author “Marjan Ghanbarian”.
Article
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Bromide in water can form undesirable by-products such as bromate when treated by ozonation during drinking water production. The maximum contaminant level (MCL) for bromate is 10 µg/L in most countries because it is suspected of being carcinogenic. In this paper, the geographical distribution of bromide concentration in Croatian groundwater is pre...
Article
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Biochar-based column filtration systems (BCFS) for greywater treatment have gained attention in the last decade. However, a review of the state-of-the-art on this subject has not been conducted, leaving the analysis and limitations of the available research still unexplored. This paper reviews the current literature to give insights into the techno...
Article
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Sulfadiazine (SDZ) is a typical persistent sulfonamide antibiotic, which has been widely detected in natural drinking water sources. The degradation of SDZ by UV/Oxone (potassium monopersulfate compound) was explored in this study. The results showed that Cl⁻ can effectively activate PMS to promote rapid degradation of SDZ in the Oxone process by f...
Article
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Flow-direction-dependent (FDD) dispersivity in coastal aquifers may strongly affect the inland extend of seawater intrusion and the accompanying vertical salinity distribution. FDD dispersivity may predict greater inland intrusion of the saltwater wedge, but less vertical spreading of salinity than does the classical flow-direction-independent (FDI...
Article
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La crisis medioambiental que se presenta a nivel mundial afecta recursos indispensables para la supervivencia, como los recursos hídricos. Sumado a esto la poca organización y la deficiente distribución inequitativa del agua consumible entre la población, genera afectaciones a gran escala que traen consigo poblaciones enteras sin la disponibilidad...
Article
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El acceso al agua potable en el Estado de Guanajuato, México, es un tema no resuelto, especialmente en las comunidades rurales del estado alejadas de los polos de desarrollo. Frente a la estrategia del agua entubada, que implica elevados montos de inversión para garantizar el abasto a la población, la captación de agua de lluvia se ha convertido en...
Article
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Perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have achieved huge success in power conversion efficiency (PCE) and stability. However, further improving the PCE of PSCs and stability is still a big challenge. Here, we attempt to improve the PCE and stability of PSCs using a functional additive named 3-mercaptopropyltriethoxysilane (SiSH) in the perovskite antisolve...
Article
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The Arkavathi River, one of the major tributaries of the Cauvery River in southern India, is a major source of drinking water and agricultural irrigation to villages and townships in the region. Surface water quality distribution and characteristics of the Arkavathi Reservoir catchment and command area were evaluated using multivariate statistical...
Article
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Companies in the Water Industry present digital Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) agenda and, also, the social and environmental commitment to their stakeholders through the websites. The purpose of this research is to assess the digital CSR in Portuguese companies of the Water Industry. Furthermore, the research examines factors that impacts o...
Article
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Water-borne disease outbreaks associated with the drinking of unsafe water, containing pathogenic bacteria, are common in densely populated countries like India. The present study was attempted to detect indicator bacteria from drinking water samples for the presumptive occurrence of contaminations that are responsible for health-associated problem...
Article
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The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of multiple cooling systems and different drinking water temperatures (DWT) on the performance of sows and their hair cortisol levels during heat stress. In this study, the effect of four different cooling systems: air conditioner (AC), cooling pad (CP), snout cooling (SC), and mist spray (MS), a...