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Dissemination - Science topic

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Publications related to Dissemination (10,000)
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Presentation
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Dear Colleagues, as ECCC Chairman, I’m glad to confirm that, after the previous events in London 2005, Zurich 2009, Rome 2014, Dusseldorf 2017, and Virtual 2021, the 6th International ECCC Creep & Fracture Conference will be held in Edinburgh 22nd -25th May 2023. This conference will be a face-to-face event. Please save the date! As previously, thi...
Research Proposal
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Dear colleagues, You may be interested in the call for papers for the journal Sensors, the leading international, peer-reviewed, open-access journal on the science and technology of sensors (Impact Factor for 2020 is 3.576). Sensors is published semimonthly online by MDPI. As Guest Editor, I cordially invite you to submit a manuscript for conside...
Article
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Globalisasi adalah suatu kondisi dimana dunia mengalami penyebarluasan informasi, teknologi dan pemanfaatannya dengan persaingan dalam berbagai kegiatan untuk semua orang dan bangsa. Oleh karena itu merupakan kewajiban bagi setiap manusia Indonesia untuk membangun kualitas. Manajemen mutu pendidikan itu sendiri dalam menghadapi global. Tantangan me...
Chapter
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Still, little is known about the role and contribution of media ads in healthcare communication and awareness during the Covid-19 outbreak. This study examines the role of public service ads in spreading healthcare awareness in Pakistan. Based on a quantitative approach through a sample of n = 200 participants from the Sahiwal city, the study propo...
Article
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Background Identification of widespread biases present in reported research findings in many scientific disciplines, including psychology, such as failures to replicate and the likely extensive application of questionable research practices, has raised serious concerns over the reliability and trustworthiness of scientific research. This has led to...
Article
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In this case report, we describe the novel use of a permanent indwelling catheter (PiC) in the management of refractory malignant pericardial effusion (PE). The patient had disseminated lung cancer and was hospitalised repeatedly with circulatory collapse due to malignant PE despite treatments with pericardiocentesis (PCC) and a pericardial window...
Article
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Background: SARS-CoV-2 is continuously disseminating worldwide. The development of strategies to break transmission is mandatory. Aim of the study: To investigate the potential of cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) as a viral inhibitor. Methods: SARS-CoV-2 Virus Like-Particles (VLPs) were incubated with CPC, a potent surfactant routinely included...
Article
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Lung tumor-infiltrating neutrophils are known to support growth and dissemination of cancer cells and to suppress T cell responses. However, the precise impact of tissue neutrophils on programming and differentiation of anticancer CD8 T cells in vivo remains poorly understood. Here, we identified cancer cell-autonomous secretion of CXCL5 as suffici...
Article
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This paper aims to analyze gender differences in the adoption of agricultural technology in the North Shewa Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia. The data were collected in 2021 from 796 farm households and were analyzed using binary logit model. The results show that the adoption rate of agricultural technology in the zone by male-headed (87.3%) and fema...
Article
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Even though the Gamo zone is a prevalent mango producing area in Ethiopia, the lack of comprehensive post-harvest loss research along the mango value chain prevents respective stakeholders from recognizing the socioeconomic, nutritional and environmental significance of the post-harvest loss problem. Improving the post-harvesting handling practice...
Article
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Objectives: Deliberative processes in Health Technologies Assessment (HTA) result in recommendations that determine the reimbursement of medicines, diagnostics or devices. These processes are governed by explicit criteria, but are also influenced by implicit factors. The objective of this work was to identify the implicit factors influencing HTA d...
Article
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Wheat is one of the most important cereal crops cultivated in wide range of agro-ecologies in Ethiopia. But, its productivity has remained low. Hence, this study intends to examine the impact of agricultural technology adoption on wheat productivity in north Shewa zone of the Amhara region, Ethiopia. The analysis is based on household level data co...
Article
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Perpustakaan perguruan tinggi menjadi target donatur dengan beragam kepentingan, termasuk program SNI Corner. Pemanfaatan SNI Corner pada awalnya bagus, namun saat ini kurang maksimal. SNI terbaru sudah terbit, namun di outlet SNI Corner tidak diupdate. Sarana prasarana yang rusak tidak diperbaiki Meskipun demikian, program ini tetap dipertahankan....
Article
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Today, social networks are used in every field of education, contributing to the dissemination of knowledge and improving the quality of education. This study investigated the perceptions of high school students, undergraduate students and physics teachers have on the adaptation of Facebook as a social network, the intended use of Facebook, and its...
Article
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A conceptual model should illustrate the most significant concepts of a given problem domain and demonstrate relevant aspects related to that domain. In this paper, a conceptual model for a Transportation and Logistics Observatory (TLO) is proposed along with the pathways for its development. TLO is a place, properly equipped with human and technol...
Article
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Background Podiatry is an allied health profession which has seen a substantial decline in numbers in recent years. Every effort is required to recruit more students to reverse this diminishing supply and meet national foot health needs. To increase the number of applications to podiatry courses and encourage individuals to choose podiatry careers,...
Article
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Background Little is known about patients who forego healthcare, although it is an important provider of unfavorable health-related outcomes. Forgoing healthcare characterizes situations in which people do not initiate or interrupt a care process, even though they perceive the need for it, whether or not this need is medically proven. The aims of t...
Article
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Background: The coronavirus pandemic continues to shake the embedded structures of traditional in-person education across all learning levels and across the globe. In healthcare simulation, the pandemic tested the innovative and technological capabilities of simulation programs, educators, operations staff, and administration. This study aimed to...
Article
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This article offers an overview of the evolution of Hungarian futures studies via a systematic literature review of articles with at least one Hungarian futurist (co-)author, published in high-ranking international or English-language Hungar-ian journals. The review reveals how researchers from a relatively small European country, where central pla...
Article
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Genetic improvement of cattle around the globe has been, and will continue to be, an important driver of animal agriculture sustainability. There are several reproductive and molecular biotechnologies that are used in genetic improvement of cattle, and their impact on the rate of genetic progress is maximized when combined synergistically in a stru...
Article
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Oxytenanthera abyssinica (Lowland bamboo) is vital to the lowland environment, for restoration, biodiversity conservation as well as a substitute source of woody raw materials and non- wood products to rural and urban people, forest industries, construction and energy sectors. The species grows in lowland areas thriving on unproductive soils, even...
Article
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Complete or improving civil registration systems in sub-national areas in low- and middle-income countries provide several opportunities to better understand population health and its determinants. In this article, we provide an assessment of vital statistics in Kerala, India. Kerala is home to more than 33 million people and is a comparatively low...
Article
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As dynamic, non-routine disaster events appear and disappear in a short period, quickly and widely disseminating emergency warnings and alerts to the public is a critical communication goal for emergency management officers and citizen journalists. Twitter has become a prominent communication medium to achieve such a communication goal, attracting...
Article
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Objective The advent of new techniques such as video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for the removal of lung segments leads to compression of the surgical specimen, with the possible dissemination of neoplastic cells. The sheer volume of surgeries performed using these techniques has caused many institutions to stop removing the surgical spec...
Article
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While the opportunities of ML and AI in healthcare are promising, the growth of complex data-driven prediction models requires careful quality and applicability assessment before they are applied and disseminated in daily practice. This scoping review aimed to identify actionable guidance for those closely involved in AI-based prediction model (AIP...
Article
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Since 2015, the National Center for Global Health and Medicine in Japan has been conducting a technical assistance project for improving patient safety in Vietnamese hospitals. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the project conducted a patient safety training program utilizing online solutions for participants from Vietnam. This resulted in an increase...
Article
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Background In the simulation community, colleagues who are no longer clinically practicing were often proximal to the COVID-19 response, not working in the frontlines of patient care. At the same time, their work as simulationists changed dramatically or was halted. This research explored the experiences of those simulationists who have clinical ba...
Article
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The insertion sequence IS 26 has long been known to play a major role in the recruitment of antibiotic resistance genes into the mobile resistance gene pool of Gram-negative bacteria and IS 26 also plays a major role in their subsequent broad dissemination. Related IS, IS 431/257 and IS 1216 are important in the same roles in Gram positive bacteria...
Article
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The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has caused an overload of scientific information in the media, sometimes including misinformation or the dissemination of false content. This so-called infodemic, at a low intensity level, is also manifested in the spread of scientific and medical illustrations of severe acute respiratory syndrome co...
Article
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Background Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are major and growing burden on population health and the use and cost of healthcare in EU Member States and beyond. Different countries face many common challenges in public health and can learn from each other. The exchange of ‘best practices’ is one way to tackle the observed disparities in health sect...
Article
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Research integrity, an essential precept of scientific inquiry and discovery, comprises norms such as Rigor, Reproducibility, and Responsibility (the 3R’s). Over the past decades, numerous issues have arisen that challenge the reliability of scientific studies, including irreproducibility crises, lack of good scientific principles, and erroneous co...
Article
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Antibiotics released into the environment at low (sub-inhibitory) concentrations could select for antibiotic resistance that might disseminate to the human microbiome. In this case, low-level anthropogenic sources of antibiotics would have a significant impact on human health risk. In order to provide data necessary for the evaluation of this risk,...
Article
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Digital approaches are increasingly common in clinical trial recruitment, retention, analysis, and dissemination. Community engagement processes have contributed to the successful implementation of clinical trials and are crucial in enhancing equity in trials. However, few studies focus on how digital approaches can be implemented to enhance commun...
Article
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Background High-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) infection is the main cause of cervical cancer, but additional alterations are necessary for its development. Abnormal DNA methylation has an important role in the origin and dissemination of cervical cancer and other human tumors. In this work, we analyzed the methylation of eight genes (AJAP1, CD...
Article
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Background Stigmatization attitudes among youths toward people living with HIV (PLWH) is still an issue and concern in Indonesia. The purpose of this study was to determine the regional disparities, levels of HIV-related knowledge, information, and contributions related to stigmatization attitudes among females aged 15–24 years in Indonesia. Metho...
Article
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Background People with weakened immune systems may not develop adequate protection after taking two doses of the mRNA-combined COVID-19 vaccine. The additional dose may improve the level of protection against Covid-19. Objectives Current study aimed to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and determents of third COVID-19 vaccine booster dose acceptanc...
Article
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Social media has become a common platform for global communication across the world due to its rapid dissemination of information among a large audience. Its popularity has raised a crucial challenge to capture the social data provenance of a piece of information published on social media. Social data provenance describes the source and deriving pr...
Article
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During quarantine, between March and May 2020, YouTubers disseminated information about Covid-19 and the quarantine. The objectives of this study are (1) to explore whether YouTubers are considered as reliable sources of information regarding quarantine by French social media users, (2) to evaluate the link between the parasocial relationship with...
Article
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People can adopt information disseminated in online social networks whenever they receive it frequently from friends or others. Studying this social influence dynamic is crucial to understanding social interactions and users’ behavior regarding online information spread. Quantifying social influence is challenging in online social systems where the...
Article
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Widespread usage of social media platforms like Twitter, Facebook, and YouTube allows sharing of opinions and suggestions across countries. On the contrary, these platforms are often misused to disseminate hate speech and offensive content. Moreover, in a multilingual society such as India, many users resort to code-mixing while typing on social me...
Article
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Biochar-producing cookstoves can supply fuel-efficient heat for cooking in developing countries. The produced biochar can be used as a soil amendment, providing a range of environmental and agronomic benefits and serve to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Despite these advantages, many stove initiatives have not been sustained in the long...
Article
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Social networks are currently considered the universally superior information source for people as well as organizations. This source is considered as one of the main components featuring an immense variety of successful applications that support different contexts. During disasters, social networks have been vital actors in information disseminati...
Article
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Objective We developed an actuator-driven pulsed water jet (ADPJ) device to achieve maximal lesion dissection with minimal risk of normal structural damage. Despite the unique dissection characteristics, there is a risk of dissemination of tissue dispersion; however, there is no established method to quantify the dispersion. Hence, this study aimed...
Article
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Rigorous and systematic documented examples of implementation research in global contexts can be a valuable resource and help build research capacity. In the context of low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), there is a need for practical examples of how to conduct implementation studies. To address this gap, Fogarty’s Center for Global Health St...
Article
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Background Ågrenska, a Swedish national centre for rare diagnoses and health conditions, has arranged courses for families of children with rare diagnoses for over thirty years, and has experienced that the conditions often have complex and varying consequences in the children´s everyday lives, not least in educational contexts. Knowledge of these...
Article
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Most cardiac imaging conferences have adopted social media as a means of disseminating conference highlights to a global audience well beyond the confines of the conference location. A deliberate and thoughtful social media campaign has the potential to increase the reach of the conference and allow for augmented engagement. The coronavirus disease...
Article
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Increasing access, representation, and retention of underrepresented groups is essential across academia. Invited speaker seminars are common practice in academic science departments and serve to disseminate research, establish connections and collaborations, advance faculty careers, and connect trainees to mentors outside of departmental faculty....
Article
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For decades, researchers, knowledge brokers and policymakers have been working to increase the use of evidence in policymaking. This has spanned a wide range of approaches, from developments in evidence generation, to efforts to increase demand amongst decision-makers, and everything in between. Policymakers are central in this process, and we have...
Article
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Background Migraine is a chronic disease characterized by episodic headache attacks. No recent studies have, however been conducted on the epidemiology of migraine or the treatment landscape in Japan. This study was conducted as a fact-finding survey using medical claims data and an online survey on migraine and headaches, conducted among members o...
Article
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Objectives The widespread dissemination of phenotypic colistin-resistant (COR) bacteria in the community threatens public health. The horizontal gene transfer of the mobile colistin resistance gene via plasmids is thought to be one of the main mechanisms for dissemination. However, genotypic evidence to prove this in community settings is limited....
Article
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During Australia’s unprecedented bushfires in 2019–2020, misinformation blaming arson surfaced on Twitter using . The extent to which bots and trolls were responsible for disseminating and amplifying this misinformation has received media scrutiny and academic research. Here, we study Twitter communities spreading this misinformation during the new...
Research Proposal
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This Special Issue aims to communicate and disseminate recent tools, methodologies, and pipelines related to the collaborative and/or authoring XR-based platforms. The goal is to show how XR can radically transform social interaction in any context. We specifically welcome papers containing original and mature research on XR applications based on c...
Article
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Background Oral HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has been available and fully reimbursed for people at high risk of sexually acquired HIV infection in France since January 2016. Its dissemination has been widely promoted to reduce HIV incidence in high-risk populations. This study aimed to assess the roll-out of PrEP use in France from its imple...
Article
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IgG4‐related lung disease (IgG4‐RLD) can present with various types of radiological findings such as nodule, ground‐glass opacity, alveolar interstitial, and bronchovascular involvement. IgG4‐RLD generally manifests as mild clinical symptoms, despite evidence from the image findings. Herein we report an asymptomatic patient with IgG4‐RLD mimicking...
Article
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Background Long-term changes in lung cancer (LC) patients are difficult to evaluate. We report results from the French KBP-2020 real-life cohort. Methods KBP-2020 was a prospective cohort that included all patients diagnosed with LC in 2020, in nonacademic public hospital in France. Patient and tumour characteristics were described and compared wi...
Conference Paper
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During the COVID-19 pandemic, a number of data visualizations were created to inform the public about the rapidly evolving crisis. Data dashboards, a form of information dissemination used during the pandemic, have facilitated this process by visualizing statistics regarding the number of COVID-19 cases over time. Prior work on COVID-19 visualizati...
Poster
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Due to decreasing fossil resources and environmental friendliness, innovative methods in renewable energy generation and utilization are rapidly becoming attractive. Electrical drives and power electronics are one of the most critical components of modern applications of renewable energy systems. The robustness of machines and the increased efficie...
Conference Paper
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This paper uses the concept of "research excellence" to investigate the contribution of research to sustainable development in Africa and propose strategies for enhancing research practice in the region. Specifically, the paper the causal relationship between research and sustainable development, the concept of research excellence, the factors that...
Article
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In the European tradition, political emotion in the form of individual and collective glory was usually constrained by norms of legitimate political conduct defined by public virtue. This article describes an alternative relationship between glory and political reason by reconstructing the political thought of V. D. Savarkar, the architect of Hindu...
Chapter
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Growing discomfort with uncritical applications of generic universal ethics to community-based research, prompted us to (1) problematize a decontextualized application of ethics; (2) apply two heuristic constructs—situatedness and relationality—to a community-based project; and (3) propose revised guidelines for researchers in this field. The we-DE...
Article
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The ascomycete fungus Colletotrichum scovillei causes severe anthracnose disease on the fruit of sweet pepper and chili pepper ( Capsicum annuum L.) worldwide. Understanding the biology of C. scovillei would improve the management of fruit anthracnose diseases. The cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) signaling pathway regulates diverse cellular a...
Article
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Background Understanding the underlying risk of infection by dengue virus from surveillance systems is complicated due to the complex nature of the disease. In particular, the probability of becoming severely sick is driven by serotype-specific infection histories as well as age; however, this has rarely been quantified. Island communities that hav...