Questions related to Disaster Risk Reduction
How can we reduce disaster risk through formal education to get 11th goal of SDG ;Sustainable development of cities and communities ;please made some suggestion which are applicable for any country easily?
We would like to invite you to participate in the survey which is being implemented by the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) in the frame of the European Commission Project with the title Science and Human Factor for Resilient Society.
The aim of the project is to identify factors that affect the usage of social media, including such channels as Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter in relation to disaster risk reduction situations. The survey is conducted among inhabitants of Sweden, Ireland, Luxembourg, Italy, Germany, Croatia, and Lithuania.
Thank you very much for your time and support.
How can all these can be integrated in a best way? I would love to hear and read case studies, especially from least developed countries.
Answers to the question will greatly contribute to the acquisition of hardware and software for academic and research purposes.
How does Community Define disaster risk?
How does community disaster risk reduction?
How to build a bridge between community and science in disaster risk reduction?
How government and scientists would be benefited through learning and practicing community perspectives on disaster risk reduction?
Media plays a very important role in every stage of disaster management. How can media involve itself or what is the the role that media can play to reduce the disaster risk.
13 October is the International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction with a commentary at https://www.psychologytoday.com/gb/blog/disaster-choice/202010/international-day-disaster-risk-reduction and some papers on disaster risk governance at:
2. Health http://doi.org/10.17645/pag.v4i4.729
3. Pacific islands https://apjjf.org/-Ilan-Kelman/4406
4. Climate change https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118451694.ch20
What aspects of disaster (risk) governance are especially understudied?
Dear All Researchers and Engineers,
We are organizing an International Symposium on Construction Resources for Environmentally Sustainable Technologies (CREST) during 10-12 March, 2020. On behalf of the chairman Prof. Hemanta Hazarika, we would like to invite all those interested in participating in the event. Please send your abstracts and papers, which will be published by Springer.
The selection of indicators in quantitative territorial studies on social vulnerability and disaster risk reduction is a crucial issue. What or how do we reflect the research methodology in order to ensure that the selection of indicators of social vulnerability and DRR can contextualize the study area?
I am currently developing a professional development on teaching and integrating disaster risk reduction. I would like to gather empirically tested activities that can influence value orientations, beliefs, and norms on teaching disaster risk reduction. I am hypothesizing that teaching disaster risk reduction is one of the pro-environmental behaviors. I would be very happy and grateful if you can recommend to me readings and literature along this line. Thanks and best regards.
I am currently working on my dissertation along disaster risk reduction and resilience in selected Philippine islands.
Part of my objectives is to find out and map out the existing frameworks of disaster risk reduction and resilience education as implemented in schools.
1. What kind of framework/s is/are followed by organisations/institutions in implementing disaster risk reduction and resilience education among schools?
2. How are programs along disaster risk reduction and resilience education being developed, implemented and assessed?
3. Who are the people involved in disaster risk reduction and resilience education and what are their respective roles?
4. At present, what are the specific roles of schools (high schools and universities) in disaster risk reduction and resilience education?
5. Who should be involved in a successful disaster risk reduction and resilience education? What should be their respective roles?
6. What is the ideal role of schools in disaster risk reduction and resilience education?
A lot of attention (research) is nowadays paid to the child-oriented DRR approaches, but adults will need to act now and the level of their preparedness is rather low. How we can enhance it? How we can educate them and motivate them to learn about DRR? ... in Europe conditions.
Looking at the current situation of flooding around the world, what we should focus on in our researches in flood risk management? How can we mitigate the risk of flooding? What could be the research topics to work on for better flood risk mitigation/management and disaster risk reduction?
In developing countries like Bangladesh, there is a popular trend of mainstreaming CCA in infrastructure. There are several cases in Bangladesh where the implementing agency while redesigning coastal embankment initially considered additional DRR by increasing height of the polder. Considering SLR impact they further increased the height in the design. But unfortunately due fund limitation, they had to reduce the height. While revising the design height, they stripped out the additional height adopted for additional DRR but kept the height considered for CCA to SLR. So my question is, can we still consider this embankment as an infrastructure inclusive of CCA? if so, aren't we sacrificing DRR to comply with fund arrangers' condition of CCA?
With a help of a questionnaire I want to see how the knowledge of teachers measures up regarding the climate related- disaster risk reduction education
I am working on modelling the social dynamics and human responses during flash floods and forecasting the socio-economic impacts of flash floods.
Could you please share any relevant scientific papers/reports or any other related resources?
you can also help me with the examples of topics related to disaster risk reduction or disaster management.
Facility location problems, where a set of items have to be assigned to a number of facilities, represent a well known class of problems in operations research. A special case is the Single Source Capacitated Facility Location Problem (SSCFLP), where the demand of any single client has to be allocated to a single facility and each facility has a limited capacity. Several efforts have been devoted to solving SSCFLP, based either on Lagrangean relaxation or on an exact approach, e.g. branch-and-bound in and branch-and-cut in.
M. Naldi, G. Nicosia, A. Pacifici, and U. Pferschy. Profit-fairness trade-off in project selection. Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seps.2018.10.007, 2018.
Chawis Boonmee, Mikiharu Arimura, and Takumi Asada. Facility location optimization model for emergency humanitarian logistics. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 24:485 – 498, 2017.
Sae yeon Roh, Hyun mi Jang, and Chul hwan Han. Warehouse location decision factors in humanitarian relief logistics. The Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics, 29(1):103 – 120, 2013.
A. Agnetis, E. Grande, and A. Pacifici. Demand allocation with latency cost functions. Mathematical Programming, 132(1-2):277– 294, 2012.
I am wondering if anyone happens to know of a case study that demonstrates a failed community resilience project, that specifically failed through a lack of regard for local knowledge or culture. Thus demonstrating the significance of local knowledge and culture to be incorporated in to resilience building projects.
For decades, scholars and think tanks have debated the effectiveness of aid in reducing poverty. In this debate, we will build on previous arguments about the effectiveness and value of aid, but focus on its role in disaster risk reduction and post-disaster reconstruction and recovery.
Scholars, think-tanks, celebrities, and politicians have claimed aid is crucial to prevent famines, diseases, and deaths. They argue that donors’ money can be used to solve basic problems in areas like sanitation, vaccination, education, housing, and infrastructure. Aid can also be used to fund monitoring activities and learn from interventions. More importantly, they contend that traditional markets alone cannot resolve housing and infrastructure deficits. They note that the poor are often stuck in feedback loops that economists call “poverty traps.” In other words, millions are poor precisely because they live in poverty. Slum dwellers, for instance, find it difficult to escape poverty because they pay proportionally more for services and infrastructure than wealthier citizens. Foreign aid is needed to break these vicious cycles and replace them with virtuous ones that make vulnerable people more resilient. For defenders, the real problem is lack of funds, not present mechanisms of aid. From their view, people use criticisms of aid merely as excuses to justify not donating money.
On the other hand, critics often find too much money is “wasted” on aid. For them, initiatives seldom produce positive long-term change and—in many cases—even create more damaging than desirable results. They contend that donors’ money is spent on band-aid solutions that rarely have long-term impacts. They argue that aid is largely controlled by political agendas, feeds on forms of neo-colonialism, focuses too much on technology transfer, creates dependency, and bypasses legitimate governments and authorities. They contend that aid is often based on centralized schemes produced by over-confident and idealistic decision-makers with little knowledge of what is needed “on the ground.” For them, aid is often driven by ideology, and lacks the performance incentives and accountability mechanisms found in competitive (and typically “more efficient”) markets.
For this debate, we have invited two internationally recognized experts in humanitarian assistance and interventions to defend each viewpoint.
Our panellists will present their most persuasive arguments over the next ten days, but the outcome of the debate rests in your hands. Don’t hesitate to vote immediately—you can always change your mind. Better yet, once you have cast your vote, add your voice to the debate and explain your decision.
Vote and participate here: https://oddebates.com/
please provide me the idea about the research topics on disaster risk reduction and its impl
Dear RG colleagues
Do you like to share pictures on NATURAL DISASTER 2018 with intention for public awareness regarding disaster risk reduction (DRR)?
With best regards
I just doing research about LoRa sensor technologies, setting up, will be built Early Warning System for Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction. Your project is quite the same and similar. Would you share me the detailed-system block diagram about IoT infrastructure for Metropolitan EWS?
The concept of Build Back Better has been frequently used in recovery and reconstruction policies document now as it was emphasized in the recent world conference on disaster risk reduction. From international viewpoint, what was the first document or turning point to use this concept ?
Riversare a lifeline of millions in every part of world wether it is India, Bangladesh or Netherland. The flood delivers rich and vital nutrients to the river valley between the foothills and plain areas. Almost every country had adopted River embankments as a flood management strategy. in India these embankments have afforded some form of flood protection to the rural and urban dwellers and villages have mushroomed around the embankments, such as this village school. But they are also susceptible to breaches. so the questions and concerns is: what impacts do embankments have on river dynamics? Do embankments reduce perceived flood risk?
Hello smart people!
I'm looking for any research that has been conducted over the past 5 to 10 years that looks at the success (or otherwise) of using behavioural economics (and behavioural insights) principles to improve community risk reduction behaviours for natural disasters, eg wildfire/bushfires. All suggestions gratefully received!
I want to write a paper and will start soon by next two days. Anyone who wants to contribute can inbox me. I will be glad to have a partner from here.
I have interviewed 10 different disaster prone or vulnerable cities youth. I am incorporating both youth engagement and bottom up approach for disaster risk reduction & management.
Please suggest me a suitable name for the research paper.
I am working on a project and I would like to have some recommendations on the following issues:
- How can the smart devices and applications be used for disaster response?
- How these technologies can be used for indoor and outdoor navigation for mass crowd evacuation and rescue?
- How can navigation methods or system that utilize geographic information or building information modeling (BIM) help for mass crowd evacuation and rescue?
- What are the dependability and safety issues of disaster response systems?
Any recommendation (your views, research papers, books etc.) would be highly appreciated.
Thank you very much.
By DRR we mean, "Efforts that aim towards reducing the damage caused by natural hazards like earthquakes, floods, droughts and cyclones, through an ethic of prevention"
By Mainstreaming we mean "looking critically at each programme, activity and project that is being planned, not only from the perspective of reducing the existing risks of disasters but also from the perspective of minimizing its potential contribution to the creation of new risks of disasters"
Disaster Risk Reduction has become a central agenda in many parts of the world. This is due to increases in intensity and frequency of extreme events like cyclone/typhoon, heavy rainfall, earthquake, tsunami etc. Ecosystems are the close entities of causes to consequences of these events. However, a system approach that relates ecology and ecosystem services of a particular region are not significantly addressed. Do you think so, and why? How to address these?
I am looking into people's knowledge to deal with natural hazards in the Pacific Island region. I have come across some materials, but I assume that there is much out there, possibly buried in ethnographies, where the titles give little indiction that it contains such materials......... One particular interest is about cultural knowldege about hazards and its application in the material culture (e.g. house construction, agriculture, food preservation and food security, etc....
I thank you very much for your tips
What may be the curriculum on disaster risk management in an management (MBA) programme? looking to latest developments in area of DRR and CCA. I am working on proposing a specialization/elective course on disaster management in the business/management schools, and am looking for inputs, examples, ideas. How does it balance between disaster risk reduction/resilience and emergency management, and incorporate public policy, community and sustainable development issues, from business/management point of view. I would be highly grateful for the inputs.
In the coming years, communities across the United States will face the catastrophic effects of tornadoes due to a contribution of several factors. Climate change will alter the coverage, frequency, and intensity of said events. Tornadoes most frequently occur across the Midwestern and Southeastern United States, and these regions have seen rapid urbanization and an increasing number of large population centers. These factors combine to put more communities at risk of being impacted by large, damaging tornadoes. While devastating, these events provide an opportunity for redeveloping in a manner that reduces future risk.
I am currently looking up the different guidelines and policies existing for vulnerable population and evacuation centre (shelters) and experiences. We assume that plan, setup and managing evacuation centres (shelters) for disaster affected people are regulated by Disaster Risk Reduction related regulations in each country, but usually this is for general population. I am just wondering if there is another set of policy or guideline existing focusing on vulnerable population as I am familiar with the Japanese case that they have guidelines for this population since 2008. If you know any information on this, could you please share with myself? Thank you,
Terminal equipment should be capable of video/voice/data communications, preferably if it can act as GIS terminal too.
Nepal is taken a good example of bio-engineering for erosion control and slope stability. Species like Alnus nepalensis (tree), Cymbopogon citratos (herb), Eulaliopsis binata (herb), Thysanolaena maxiama (perennial grass) are few widely used plants. Are there any research on performance of commonly used species including aforementioned ones taking consideration of their efficiency in decreasing pore water pressure and also increasing soil strength of the instable slopes?
The Sendai Framework identifies the academia, civil society, businesses and media as key actors besides the governments in disaster risk reduction (DRR). All these actors need to work in unison for effective DRR; the local government is expected to take a lead and form partnerships with and between different actors.
In this context, I am looking for cases where these partnerships have been formed, role played by different stakeholders, etc.
We know, everywhere and in everything the hazard exists without us, as a potential threat to all environmental and socio-economic components, in particular to humans and their welfare plus the vulnerability, immediately brings the negative consequences, exposure and susceptibility to losses cause the risk probability of hazard occurrence and in the end have the disaster, which makes the realization of a risk.
What is the ratio between hazard and risk when the vulnerability is at very low, low, modrate and high levels?
Thank you very much for opinion in advance!
I am conducting research on “Project Management Success in Post-Disaster Reconstruction (PDR) Projects”. In this study, I would like to assess your perception concerning certain factors pertaining to your involvement in PDR projects. Your sincere cooperation is crucial in determining the success of this study.
All responses provided will be treated with strict confidentiality and will be used for this academic research only. Thank you very much for your cooperation.
The Berlin Natural History Museum is currently developing a disaster preparedness plan for its huge collections. Fire, water, earthquakes and other catastrophes represent an immense threat for our cultural and natural heritage. The history is full of examples of irreplaceable losses due to such catastrophes and a significant lack of preparedness. It would be interesting to see if you have some sort of disaster preparedness in your facility or for the collections in your responsibility.
Kumbh Mela and other religious gatherings are regular features. Human Stampedes have become common. The official documents specify dos and don'ts procedures but leave the nuts and bolts to the organizers. Simple, effective, technology oriented solutions need to be explored to save lives.
I've been working for more than three years on natural disaster management, and one of the major gaps I could identify is the lack of comprehensive and powerful software. Sahana Eden is an open source that claims to support disaster management activities. However, the interface is not so friendly and the software itself is essentially oriented for inventory managing. The messaging features are useful but could be highly improved.
In this scope, I've been seeking for a good software without success. It should be a good messenger and should be focused on process management. Does anyone know something that could match my necessities?
After some weeks planning new papers and the directions for upcoming researches, now we are focused on gather new empirical data in order to analyze it.
The topics we are analyzing and what we want to collect data is about Early Warning System and some biosurveillance practices carried out by general people.
In this vein, we want to achieve some documents to deepen how Early Warning Systems works, particularlly we want to know:
What is a "general" Early Warning System
Lay people, or citizenship, has operated as Early Warning System anytime in any outbreak?
In an affirmative case, how did it happen?
Where we can find information about it?
We are very interesting in some "apps" for smartphone as HealthMap or Outbreaks Near Me. How does it works?
Well, this is the kind of questions we have. You can check our blog (http://bit.ly/1Bpygan) in order to inquire some detailed aspects of our research.
Thank you all!
With all the opportunities that we enjoy from the use of the Internet in terms of connecting people, how can we streamline the open source information to build an effective early warning system to counteract disasters, such as flood, around the world?
We all work around Seismic Risk. Structural Behaviour, Retrofit Techniques, Scenario Simulation, Loss Quantification and so on. But. Do people feel at Risk? If not, how can citizens be willing to pay Seismic Risk Reduction policies and practices? Do people know about Feasible Risk Reduction Strategies and actions? If not, how can people be willing to pay Seismic Risk Reduction policies and practices. If someone has any ideas about this, please share.
Are you aware of studies or theoretical work on socio-economic risks (such as the risk of poverty, energy-poverty, unemployment, etc) taking advantage of the terminology of disaster risk analysis and management (i.e. making use of terms such as exposure, vulnerability, resilience etc)?
Use of renewable and sustainable systems in all stages of disaster management is essential. Please suggest any model of the management procedure to help design renewable systems for disaster management and mitigation.
These are core English terms in disaster risk reduction research and practice. A lot of confusion results from assuming that there are clear equivalents to these English terms: risk, hazard, danger, threat, vulnerability, capacity, resilience, emergency, crisis, disaster, catastrophe.
Academia provides scientific knowledge; governments provide regulations, enforcement, and financial support; organizations bring parties together, advocate and promote participation, etc.; and private sectors innovation and technical support.
Does anyone know of a set of principles or tools for community engagement that are or have been effective in developing community resilience?
I am trying to critically evaluate differing methods and approaches for community engagement based on case studies.
If anyone could suggest any effective case studies, frameworks or guiding principles that would assist me I would be grateful.
Vietnam and some other countries in Asia have been predicted to be the most vulnerable to the consequences of climate change. Prediction and analysis of climate change impact in these areas is crucial to developing a solution to protect people in potential disaster areas.
I’m working on emergency logistics using “vensim software” as a systems dynamics tool and when I’m trying to set the conceptual model I face this problem (" Simultaneous Equations" and try to see or figure out where the problem or the error is but I couldn't). In addition, I've read about this matter and tried to follow this advice by respected prof as he said “A simultaneous equation problem arises when in a loop all the variable values depend on each other. A simple way to correct this is set a constant with an initial value that does not depend on others.” But still the same results and error was shown. Is there anyone who can help me with this matter as I'd really appreciate any kind of help. Looking forward to hearing from anyone.