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Disaster Management - Science topic

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Dear researcher, practitioner in aviation and airports,
With changing climate conditions and major weather events, resilience has taken a new dimension. Airports must now build greater flexibility into their operations and maintenance to meet challenges posed by natural disasters. Moreover, long-term investments in airports must address the current and future risks, including those emanating from climate and disaster-related hazards.
The Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI) Survey on the Disaster Resilience of Airports* seeks to take stock of airport practices, risk management across regions and hazards to eventually derive a set of recommendations that can be adopted by existing and future airport stakeholders, such as airport authorities, governments, airport operators, investors, designers, engineers, etc.
The survey’s goals are to:
  1. Understand airport’s current perception of and exposure to disaster events
  2. Map out the organizational, infrastructure and operating elements influencing the airport’s resilience
  3. Gain insight into the airport’s expectations and adaptation to face the next 20 to 50 years
All data gathered through this survey will be kept confidential and only be used in aggregate form. The results of this study will be made available to participating airports.
Thank you for participating in this survey!
*)The survey is being conducted on behalf of CDRI, by NACO and InterVISTAS, two subsidiaries of Royal HaskoningDHV.
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Thanks Julius Riese for your supportive reaction. Some of our previous work has been published and is collected in our 'Climate Resilient Airports' project; https://www.researchgate.net/project/Climate-Resilient-Airports.
Yet, the current 'Disaster Resilient Airports' survey is not limited to climatic extremes and includes effects of volcanic activity a.o.
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I would like to find out any researches done on the relationship between the COSO Risk Management Framework and Emergency Responses
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These papers may help you:
1) Hamdan, K. H. (2019). Applying COSO internal control framework to disaster management Evaluation according to Hyogo framework for action (HFA) in Iraq. Muthanna Journal of Administrative and Economic Sciences, 9(2), 125-152.
2) Bowling, D. M., & Rieger, L. (2005). Success factors for implementing enterprise risk management: building on the COSO framework for enterprise risk management to reduce overall risk. Bank Accounting & Finance, 18(3), 21-27.
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The sensible choice of gamma, which generates the output values between the “increasive” trends of fuzzy algebraic sums and the “decreasive” effects of fuzzy algebraic products.
But, how can I come to know, which gamma value is suitable for my output?
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It is a combination of SUM and Product fuzzy logic. use power gamma.
µ(x) = (FuzzySum)γ * (FuzzyProduct)1-γ
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I'm part of a project creating a public atlas to document and map people's subjective experiences of extreme weather events. I've included information and a link to a short survey below. Feel free to fill this out yourself, and/or forward to your networks via email, social media, etc. Thanks!
Extreme Weather Events Survey
Ecologies of Harm: Mapping Contexts of Vulnerability in the Time of Covid-19 The University of British Columbia
This is a digital commons project intended to provide equitable access to knowledge.
COVID-19 presents the potential for people and groups to become exposed to harm in new ways. To see the overlapping ways in which these harms may be occurring, we’ve designed a survey for experiences of extreme weather events that are affecting people across the world.
This is a citizen / community observation survey, open to anyone 18 years of age and older who wishes to contribute. Your descriptions will upload directly to an interactive map of the world that is publicly accessible on this website: https://blogs.ubc.ca/ecologiesofharmproject
Your participation is entirely voluntary, and you do not have to answer every question. If you do wish to participate, you do not need to record your name. You may contribute as many observations as you like!
Please share widely, and keep in mind that re-posting, “liking,” or “following,” will be visible to others on public network platforms.
Link to survey: https://arcg.is/fvO4G0
Principal Investigator: Dr. Leslie Robertson
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indeed very interesting
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Resilience is often discussed in the organisational setting but I am exploring the construct and sub dimensions at an individual level
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Resilience can indeed be found at very different levels on scales of time, space and meaning. However, these levels should not be viewed in isolation, as they influence each other dynamically. I clarify this in my linked article. That is why a multi-level analysis of resilience should always also take cross-level linkages into account.
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We know whole world is facing corona attack with around 1.5 lakhs death. I pray almighty to rest their sole in peace. Indeed its painful that the entire disaster managing committee,medical authorities and others for their sacrifice to save affected humans. On the other side many agencies has reported significant improvement in environment such as reduction in pollution,cleaning of rivers,reduction in noise levels etc. Another astonishing development is many animals are seen on the streets of various cities.Birds are singing on the tress. Dolphins and tortoise are seen on the cost. Whales are appearing near costs. After 1920 world has never became Eco friendly. My question is whether it is bliss for human? And can we maintain similar conditions keeping our pace of economic growth?
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bom, perguntinha bem polemica essa; do ponto de vista ecológico algumas espécies de lemores quando atingem a super população comentem suicídio para o bem da espécie, e algumas espécies de rãs quando há uma população de machos insuficiente para a manutenção da espécie os indivíduos femininos mudam de sexo, para procriarem, sim talvez sim, o sistema biológico esteja se reorganizando, lendo por outro ponto de vista que sobre o caos e intemperança, atingimos avanços tecnológicos com uma velocidade muito maior sim. Olhando pelo aspecto psicossocial e ético, sobre a tragédia vidas que poderiam exercer papeis excepcionais ao mundo; NÃO.
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Media plays a very important role in every stage of disaster management. How can media involve itself or what is the the role that media can play to reduce the disaster risk.
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Not of escalating, but of informing.
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Dear Researchers,
In the remote sensing application to a volcanic activity wherein, the objective is to determine the temperature, which portion (more specifically the range) of the EM spectrum can detect the electromagnetic emissions of hot volcanic surfaces (which are a function of the temperature and emissivity of the surface and can achieve temperature as high as 1000°C)? Why?
Sincerely,
Aman Srivastava
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8-15
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Disaster, Youth, Research Topic
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The safety of schools is important and DRR aims at reducing the vulnerability to, and impact of disasters on schools. It prepares both teachers and students for potential disasters, thereby reducing the impact of said disaster.
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Does Disaster Risk Reduction Education is the systematic process of reducing disaster risk and take necessary action to minimize the disaster affects
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Education and training is an integral part of capacity building in the disaster management discipline as trained personnel respond much better to different disasters and will take proactive measures of mitigation and prevention
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Dear Researchers,
We are aware of the advantages and limitations of both Satellite-based Remote Sensing and Aerial Photogrammetry. However, when we are analyzing the land-use land cover (LULC) changes induced as a result of a natural disaster, such as forest-fire, floods, etc., which method, according to your experience, will be more significant than other to conduct the aforesaid analysis? Why?
Regards,
Aman Srivastava
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both can be recommended
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Should we worry more about these Super-Volcanoes like Krakatoa and Yellowstone?
Potential for harm and disaster? Move populations away from the local area?
We sit and wait for disasters- why no forward planning and strategy for mitigating manoeuvres ?
We know enough to identify high-risk areas- why no action?
Our inaction is very disturbing. We are sitting ducks for disaster. Our leaders are not leading. The priorities are wrong.
The warning bells are ringing, but no one is listening
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A Supervolcano is a term that refers to a type of volcano that has a magma chamber that is a thousand times larger than that of a conventional volcano and therefore has the largest and most voluminous eruptions on Earth.
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Hi there,
I'm a professional software developer and I'm doing my MSc in Disaster Management. I have to do some research related work for my MSc but unfortunately I'm not much of a research guy. But I can do magic with code and I'd like to build a software for my MSc project. I'm not even sure if this is the right place to ask this question.
Now I need help from you if there is any tool/software you think could help you.
For example:
  • maybe you do some mathematical calculation/graph using some software manually, but you could use a software where you could do that automatically.
  • You need a tool that has a huge price on it, but you could use a free/opensource software for it.
  • You have some equations to solve, but manually doing them will take hours if not days. You could use a software that takes your data, do some magic and you get the result you want.
I hope you get the idea. I've talked one of my friend who is a research geek and he told me it could be a nice project for me, he's trying to help me but I could use help from you guys. I'd appreciate if you could provide me equations/formula, sample input and output. Or point me the name of equation/task so I can do some google and find it myself.
Thanks for your time.
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Hello,
You can formulate software like Tosmana or fsQCA that will generate truth tables, logical minimisation and provide options for other statistical analyses. Since QCA is a rising methodology, you might have better scope in developing new software with more advanced statistical calculations or introducing ML predictive algorithm (up to you). To know more about QCA:
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I'm a research student working on my research on disaster awareness.
I want to know how much researchers support the idea of using digital video survey and interviews for the research thesis.
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Why don't you provide us with proven data and arguments to say "Yes" in all stages of the teaching-learning process?
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The scope of emergency and disaster management systems should be redefined.
Public transport and fleet management pandemics must be inclusive.
Logistic management and Intelligent Logistic strategies must be inclusive.
Factors and priorities affecting public transportation should be arranged according to the pandemic.
All legislation required in the above articles should be rearranged according to the pandemic.
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Dear Prof. Tektas!
You raised a key issue. I think resilience of health care IT - systems are of critical importance:
1) Sundararaman, T., Muraleedharan, V.R. & Ranjan, A. Pandemic resilience and health systems preparedness: lessons from COVID-19 for the twenty-first century. J. Soc. Econ. Dev. (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40847-020-00133-x, Open access:
2) Pendharkar, S.R., Minty, E., Shukalek, C.B. et al. Description of a Multi-faceted COVID-19 Pandemic Physician Workforce Plan at a Multi-site Academic Health System. J GEN INTERN MED (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11606-020-06543-1 Open access:
3) Elliot Mbunge et al. (2021).A critical review of emerging technologies for tackling COVID‐19 pandemic, Human Behavior and Emerging Technologies Volu,e 3, Issue 1, Open access:
4) Jaffar Abbas (2021). Crisis management, transnational healthcare challenges and opportunities: The intersection of COVID-19 pandemic and global mental health, Research in Globalization, 23 February 2021,In Press, Corrected Proof, Open access:
Yours sincerely, Bulcsu Szekely
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The complex issue of disaster risk management seems to be more complecated even in underdevelopping countries, like Iran, Turkey and Pakistan. The buget to be allocated is limited and the human resources is not normally enough or not equaly avaliable for all needed domains and areas.
This is a major regional-international issue to be discussed and studies for such countries, specially for the most important disaster issue suchas Earthquakes, Floods, Drought, Land Subsidence, Climate Change and Global Warming.
I have some preliminary ideas to be discussed for this simple question. The major items to be focused in order to prevent more casualties in major earthquakes, floods and drought, over the last two decades in Iran are:
•    Disaster risk management at national and local government levels. •    Integrated disaster management, technical systems, implementation, processes, and products. •    Improvement of resilient communities (national, regional, and local). •    Disaster management in hospitals and health systems.
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Institutional capabilities and economic aspects of disaster resilience need aggressive measures. Also, large cross-regional inequity is an issue, which needs immediate attention.
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Are you part of a community-led organization that advocates for racialized communities?
Are you part of a coalition that is advocating for change?
Bringing people together or running a campaign to raise awareness of racism?
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Looks like an interesting research topic particularly on indigenous communities and their experiences.
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Forest fire is major concern all over the globe but in Hill states of Uttrakhand in India it is repetitive as annually and becoming uncontrollable over the years with rising temperature. Though in recent years we have advanced in technology for fire forecasting, fire danger rating system, monitoring mechanism and fire fighting equipment but on grounds it seems very less applicable or not reached. The old practice of community manged fire control system in uttarakhnad hills collapsed due to migration of local folks and also shortage of field forest staff. Why its not under control? Is our planning and execution is failed during these crucial months of Feb 15 to June 15 which is the main time of forest fire ? Are we ill prepared or lack of awareness? Is locals deliberately engaged in fire not only for after rain good grass cover but also to scare wild animals which now there main enemy? Is blaming chir forest is only the reason or need to think beyond it? This year till now 1300 ha. forest is gutted in fire in 60% districts of Uttarakhnad and more is expected with losses of cores of rupees besides losses ecological diversity. Please suggest possible options by government can form the "state forest fire control policy " which not adequately represented in forest policy as well as disaster management policy.
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I have searched much, but could not find any recent paper (2015-2020) on the applications of Geographical Information Systems for disaster management / post disaster operations.
Thank you in advance.
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Climate change disaster is a great amplifier of health inequities. It is already affecting and will continue to affect vulnerable populations’ health and well-being like migrants, both in Canada and internationally. We are conducting a critical scoping review to explore work that has been done to examine and address the needs, challenges, experiences, and health outcomes of immigrant populations. Your critical reflections and suggestion will be helpful.
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Some of the immigrants are moving away from their homes because of war (Afghanistan towards Europe) others because of poverty (Africans towards Europe) and still others because of flooding and climate change effects.
In all these cases, they suffer due to lack of proper health conditions on their way until they settle in a new country.
If the newcomers settle in Canada for instance, they will be looked after and have no ill effects.
A good example of sufferers from climate change effects are the people in Honduras and Nicaragua after they were hit twice by damaging hurricanes. The countries are poor and couldn't look after their health needs even before the hurricanes. Now they have a good reason to immigrate.
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Call for speakers/submissions for the online Global Animal Disaster Management Conference (February 2021) now open. This event will bring together world leading experts on animal disaster management through a free to present and view series of talks with the option for presenters to publish with AJEM too in a special edition. We already have some amazing world experts presenting! Join us! #gadmconf #emergencymanagement www.animalevac.nz/gadmc
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Interesting, let me know what form of researcher you are looking for. I am serving as a Canada Research Chair on Community Disaster Research
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I want to develop multi agent based control system for fire disaster management.
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You did not provide sufficient info on your model to be able to understand how complex the implementation is going to be, so I would recommend that you start by exploring both. The free version of AnyLogic is probably easiest as long as you can fit your model withing its limitation. On the other hand the researcher version of AnyLogic is fairly expensive and NetLogo is free.
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In the disaster management literature, it is suggested that there is a relationship between disaster-related deaths and the democracy level of countries. According to this view, disaster-related deaths decrease as the level of democracy increases. But COVID-19 contradicts this view. Although the crisis is first seen in countries with low democracy level such as China and Iran, it affects European countries with high democracy level. What do you think about this?
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I think it is directly related, in countries without democracy, the measures are implemented centrally without measuring the consequences, in democracy it is more difficult to implement a strict quarantine. In Argentina there is quarantine, but people are tired and do not respect much.
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It is important for me that in what ways understanding of crisis leads to do some actions.
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We all know that COVID 19 became pandemic that affected over 187 countries of the world, and thus causing high morbidity and mortality. COVID-19 pandemic has a serious impact on every thing including health, and economy. Therefore, people perceived COVID-19 more different than other global crisis, such as climate change/ global warming, and other communicable and non-communicable diseases.
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I want to know if coronaviruses are considered as fixed variable entered in every country, can level of resiliency of that country be determined by the number of infected and dead people? Furthermore, can this kind of assessment be reliable for other crises such as climate change and global warming-related disasters?
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I agree with Benni, it depends on the meaning of resilience... resilience for whom? Consequences in terms of fatalities and people infected depend on different levels of vulnerability (health system, housing conditions, demographic factors, density of population, morbility and maybe genetics of individuals, etc.) and exposure (type of job, socio-economic status, access to adequate information, etc.) of the society (these are indeed multifactorial), but most importantly, resilience seen as a process, would be more very much related to (lack of!) informed decision making from an integrated perspective...
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The Bay of Bengal with the large tidal-dominated delta of the Ganges River cover Bangladesh is one of the lowlands most vulnerable to landfall and on the other hand the region is one of the most densely populated areas on the globe. If harsh weather conditions are going to brew up the rescue measures like the shelters along the eastern coastline can hardly reduce damage to properties nor significantly reduce the number of casualties. It sad to say we have to resign into this fact and the human impact on the geo-sphere and atmosphere is almost nil.
I worked between Dhaka and the Chittagong Hill Tracts
H.G.Dill
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A lot of attention (research) is nowadays paid to the child-oriented DRR approaches, but adults will need to act now and the level of their preparedness is rather low. How we can enhance it? How we can educate them and motivate them to learn about DRR? ... in Europe conditions.
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We have been using serious games to engage stakeholders and experts in discussions on disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptations and found it a very useful approach. The gaming approach allows people to have discussions in a fun environment and it is easier for the participants to get out of their usual roles and to thereby get them to see other perspectives.
In the ESPREssO project (https://www.researchgate.net/project/Enhancing-Synergies-for-disaster-Prevention-in-the-EurOpean-Union-ESPREssO ), we have developed and utilised three serious games (RAMSETE 1-3).
You can have a look at our website here: https://translate.google.de/translate?hl=&sl=de&tl=en&u=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.dkkv.org%2Fde%2Fserious-gaming - sorry, for the translate link; we are in the process of updating the backend of our site and the English button is no functioning yet.
If you want to get your hands on the developer set of RAMSETE 3, shoot me a message.
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A new concept has evolved almost every decade over the last 6 decades such as relief/response operations, community based disaster preparedness (CBDP), community based disaster management (CBDM), community based disaster risk management (CBDRM), community based risk reduction/management (CBDRR/M), community led disaster risk reudction/management, and community resilience. What might replace 'community resilience' in the coming decade?
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I think that the next decade will be the time for:"conspicuous frugality" when applied to human living styles. Embracing "voluntary simplicity" when this term refers to living styles is the needed philosophy to reconnect most people with nature and living systems. Voluntary simplicity and conspicuous frugality will be keystone concepts evolving from the understanding that we, humans are part of ecosystems and NOT in control of these. These concepts will be conducive to foster more solidarity in society and hopefully, reduce/eliminate inequalities.
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Does your institution offer training in conducting research in disaster or conflict settings? Does your institution have a specific protocol for fieldwork in disaster or conflict settings? We are interested in learning about experience in this realm such as (1) specific prerequisites as part of ethics board clearance; (2) training modules; (3) adaptation of ethics board review specifically for humanities and social science fieldwork. Any inputs and/or links to established practices, those under consideration, or any alternatives. Thanks.
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Dear Alistair,
Good for you!
I am pioneering author of courses about natural disaster and DRR since 2006 the Faculty of Geography and Regional Studies at the University of Warsaw.
It is program approval for students; there is the protocol for work.
Students have an opportunity to do the thesis in the subject. But last years my institution not help me to developing this work because lecture is in the end of study, on last semester of Master Study).
I have cooperated also international students (in 2017) and scholar of The Lane Kirkland Scholarship Program, in this year.
I have been Bachelor and Master Thesis's supervisor about disaster since 2008.
I am an author of publication in Polish language about ethics aspects connected with natural disaster, too. I have also cooperated with RCB in Poland, and expertise’s for them in 2019 but not about ethics kind.
Kind regards,
Dorota
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Looking to the environmental emergencies - coronavirus pandamic impact on business, economics and corporate systems, it is not being discussed for businesses to have a framework for disaster management plan. Following are the points seeking your valuable inputs and suggestions:
Should Disaster Management Plan be imperative for businesses?
What should be the basic principles to be followed?
What type of environmental emergencies to be covered in the plan?
What framework?
Any examples?
How can this issue be integrated with the business and management education?
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I'm fully agree with Özgür Önday, disaster management plan it should be implemented in every company action plan
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A recent study in Pakistan has proved that the integration of various sectors i.e. organizational development, health and disaster management does accelerate the pace of strengthening community resilience (https://www.henrystewartpublications.com/jbcep/v11). The results show that the following initial benefits of sectoral integration could be achieved:
• less fatigue/time-consuming for communities;
• optimum utilisation of resources;
• minimum human resources for maximum outputs;
• cost sharing;
• community involvement;
• easy planning;
• harmonisation of various tools;
• shared ownership;
• cost effective;
• impact-oriented;
• avoids duplication of resources;
• sustainable in terms of local management, ownership and adoption by local communities;
• addresses root causes of vulnerabilities associated with all sectors, and many more.
I have the following queries:
1. Are there any similar findings of sectoral integration in other countries or regions?
2. If yes, why do we need to implement sectoral programs in standalone for strengthening community resilience?
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Interesting
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How temperature or other environmental factors can help to reduce the outbreak damage?
Emergencies preparedness, response & future risks?
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It has been shwon that the virus can survive up to 9 days on surfaces, whereby lower ttemperatures and humidity favour survival.
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This should help in collecting the data from people living around possible calamity zones and also have terms of psychological perspectives or circumstances of individuals.
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The best one have to be designed for particular demographic, the level of development of rescue systems, geography, climate and a level of education and literacy, culture. You have to make versions in different languages, representing people affected.
People in distress might have hard time to process information. The sentences need to be simple, short and direct.
The most recent example by UNESCO is here:
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I am working related to disaster management in IT field. How artificial intelligence used in disaster response related to information technology .
Suggest some topics or works related to disaster management
thanks
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Artificial intelligence can be effectively used disaster management by efficient data analyzation for detecting the disaster early.
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Hi,
Looking at the current situation of flooding around the world, what we should focus on in our researches in flood risk management? How can we mitigate the risk of flooding? What could be the research topics to work on for better flood risk mitigation/management and disaster risk reduction?
Thank you.
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The causes of flooding, relative environmental impacts, root causes and corrective measures are likely to vary among nations. However, it is important to identify the unique characteristics of the area of subject as they relate to flooding. With this, potent flood risk management actions could be taken.
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I’m about to complete a new typology and so have done fairly extensive literature searches, but wanted to check if there are any unpublished/unreferenced ones out there. I’d welcome any suggestions and I can check I’ve already got them
Specifically we are looking at FOREIGN military Civ-mil, so not a relationship between a government and its own military.
We are also especially interested in (but not limited to) the healthcare arena.
Thanks in in advance for any pointers.
Si.
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Thanks Krzysztof, looks very interesting! Simon.
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I am working on modelling the social dynamics and human responses during flash floods and forecasting the socio-economic impacts of flash floods.
Could you please share any relevant scientific papers/reports or any other related resources?
Thank you.
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you can also help me with the examples of topics related to disaster risk reduction or disaster management.
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Kike Suraj suggested one can take a particular hazard and show the way a government tries to reduce the risk that such hazard turns into a disaster. Another topic could be to show paradigm changes over time: e.g. the change from Disaster Management, through Disaster Risk Management to Disaster Risk Reduction approaches.
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Please provide reference models and frameworks for agent-based modeling being used in social dynamics during disaster emergencies.
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Dear Javed
Over the past 15 years we have been developing what is known as a "Life Safety Model" (LSM) which is an agent-based model used to he;lp to improve the emergency planning for floods. In the model people, buildings and vehicles are represented as agents. The model uses the output in the form of spatio-temporal velocity and depth grids from a two dimensional flood model. The agents interact with the floodwave at each time step and the model allows decision makers to have an estimate of the time it will take people to evacuate the area at risk from flooding, as well as the number of fatalities.
The primary value of using the LSM agent-based model to forecast the risk to people is not to forecast the exact number of fatalities, (there is a high degree of uncertainty in this), but to assess if emergency management interventions (e.g. improvements in flood warnings and evacuation routes) can make a significant difference in reducing the predicted risk to people. The model has been applied in the UK, Italy, Canada, USA, Malaysia, Japan and Australia, to name a few.
There are a number of papers and presentations that have been given on this model see here: http://www.lifesafetymodel.net/publications.html
The latest paper we have written on this model which was published in the Journal of Flood Risk Management is available here:
I hope that this is of help.
Darren
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Resilience is the resistance to the disaster. The infrastructures will serve for long time due to resilient measures.
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Resilience is a measure of the degree to which a system is capable of self-organization, or in the case of disaster management, the effectiveness (in time and logistics) to which a city recovers from a disaster.
Sustainability in disaster management is: the capacity to achieve continued economic and social development without detriment to the environment and natural resources through balancing biophysical, economic, and political/cultural/social drivers (Blockley & Heslop, 2001).
You can can find a comprehensive review of these terms including robustness, flexibility and changeability in: https://ascelibrary.org/doi/abs/10.1061/%28ASCE%29IS.1943-555X.0000467
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Most of the people think Pyramids are Tombs of Pharaoh. If we look at the plan considerations in those giant pyramids we will see very good similarities with modern doomsday bunkers.
Saving humanity, saving civilization (documentation for future generation), monitoring outside environment, support a new start, etc.
What do you think?
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Thanks Fazleh Mahomed I agree with you
again, as a disaster researcher I can see Pyramids more as well planned and organized shelter facility for massive disasters than tombs
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im interested in environmental subjects . so i would like to do my research in that stream. also my hometown is facing the difficulty of floods in rainy seasons. so though that also i have the capability to do a research. but i need more specific and interesting topic to move on. your ideas are kindly acceptable. thank you!!!
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Hi Hasintha,
As Parisa Sarzaeim also mentioned, it is important to specify your research interests and to connect these interests to the problems in your home town/ region. Regarding flooding, one of the first steps probably is to identify the problems in your area. Which meteorological events caused (which type of) floods? Do you have meteorological and hydrological/ hydraulic data to quantify the relations between rainfall events and floods? Which areas/ neighborhoods were mostly affected? Are there any data regarding the number of casualties and material damage?
Subsequently, you need to further focus on the short-term or long-term. Are you interested in flood forecasting (1-10 days ahead), in historical floods and long-term measures to prevent and mitigate floods or in future floods?
Answers to all these questions will help you to define your research topic, which obviously should be interesting for you and relevant.
Good luck,
Martijn
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I am wondering if anyone happens to know of a case study that demonstrates a failed community resilience project, that specifically failed through a lack of regard for local knowledge or culture. Thus demonstrating the significance of local knowledge and culture to be incorporated in to resilience building projects.
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At the conference highlighted below many examples of community resilience in the Pacific Islands region and beyond are discussed
Annual Conference of the IGU Commission on Local and Regional Development, June 25 - 28, 2019 in Suva, Fiji
Development Challenges in Rural and Urban Areas
Bringing together rural, urban and regional development challenges is an interesting, but difficult task. It becomes even more challenging in a part of the world where countries and even parts of them are separated by a huge body of water: the Pacific Ocean.
With the notion of climate change potential risks to human well-being and the virtual survival of whole island states have added challenges that in the meanwhile are discussed globally.
These challenges call for investigations on how human activities and global environmental changes affect human well-being, economic, social and cultural systems in island societies and beyond.
In this context, the rationale of the conference is to bring together scientists and stakeholders from various connecting fields to address multiple impacts of various challenges to societies and to contributing to discussing and drafting practical solutions in form of mitigation and adaptation strategies in local and regional planning and development policies anywhere on the globe.
The conference will be held from June 25 – 28, 2019
The following topics have been suggested so far.
  • Uneven development - Spatial and socio-economic inequalities
  • Competitiveness and cohesion in urban and rural areas
  • Local and regional vulnerabilities to climate change under the current socio-economic context - resilient cities and rural communities
  • Role of multi-actor and multi-level governance in sustainable planning and development
  • Survival strategies of peripheral communities
  • Local and regional economic and social entrepreneurship
  • Rural-urban changing relationships
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I am working on a project that includes educating nurses on disaster management and I would like permission to use a scale that has been previously tested.
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Dear Marie,
We did some research on disaster preparedness and education of ED nurses and in nursing education. The survey was used with slight adjustments for a similar survey in Australia (stats running) and planned for use with he European association of emergency nurses.
You can always contact me by mail on luc.mortelmans@zna.be
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Disaster is a global phenomena. My question is disaster related. Suppose, I want to write an article about disaster emergency management plan of an specific school or college. Will it be effective? Or I should write without specification?
Please, give me your valuable suggestion.
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Disaster planning for a school or educational institution is very important, especially if it is sited in a high risk area. The value of your writing depends on what narrative you want to convey to the reader and how your work could highlight problems that others are not aware of, or change management and practises on the ground.
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When accounting for uncertainty in demand for humanitarian logistics planning, one of the most common ways is to use stochastic optimization approach in which the demand is generally assumed to follow a certain distribution (usually normal or uniform).
My question here is, how to identify these distributions when there is no historical data (as is the case in most disasters)?
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Thank you very much for all your replies, this is exactly the dilemma, while some suggest estimating these distributions, others question its possibility. But like Christopher Paulus Imanto suggested, normal distribution would not harm when there is absolutely no other ways to estimate the nature of distribution.
Thanks again, this helps.
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I'm working on a paper and would like to have some suggestions on literature related to climate change and it impacts on urban planning (SD model).
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Hi,
Just google Prof. John Sterman+climate change, then you find several SD works regarding climate change and specially with focus on human interaction.
Best.
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By bottom up approach i mean starting the preparedness activity from the root level by consulting with the most vulnerable groups, the drawbacks they face from existing management.
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Simply it is a grass root level approach. All the DM activities must started from the community level.
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flood hazard mapping studies are important in disaster management. I would like to know whether the absence or inadequacy of study or non-utilization of research results played major role in impaired flood hazard warnings especially in the wake of recent kerala floods.
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I responded to one or more floods and mapping questions, and recently also Kerala. I don’t want to try to repeat all again. I agree with all of Dr. Prasad remarks, except for the need of a management plan, which in some instances, should include the ability to encourage compliance or even enforce public safety decisions. It is probably true, most management plans have inadequacies.
Although floodplain areas and flood frequencies vary with stage (flood height), in with some circumstances there is not a huge stage elevation difference between the 100 year, 200 year and sometimes even 500 year event. However, if installing a culvert or bridge, the design does not allow much for mistakes or variances, as well as factor for expected development. There is a often substantial variation in flood estimates, such as plus or minus 40-50%, even with many decades of data. In urban areas with high life and property values, adding 50% to flood estimates may be appropriate, as well as considering envelope flood frequency curve for all stations in same physiographic/climactic zone. I think a management and emergency response plan is needed, identifying flood hazard, evacuation and safety zones, and also identifying the variation associated with flood frequency estimates. I might even go so far to say that most city managers and civil engineers do not get enough flood and watershed management training, and on the job, trial and error approach can be costly. As I mentioned in various earlier responses, many factors can effect flood severity, channel type, sediment, watershed management, land use, channelization, dams, landslides, major disturbances as severe wildfires, etc.
We should not throw stones, but recognize the need to do better and one way to do this may be to add FUDGE FACTORS for variances and inadequacies. Also plans developed or reviewed by including a broader array of resource specialists such as hydrology, meteorology, soils, geology, geomorphology, ecology, biology, archeologist/historian, etc., along with engineers, city planners, community and agency representatives are apt to develop a more comprehensive approach.
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We have an international conference On Disaster management at Bangladesh University Of Engineering & Technology (BUET)
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happy to help. what specifically are you looking for?
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I have conducted a survey at 10 different cities on "What is their thought about disaster management system ... ...". Now i want to represent them in a paper . My paper is about the peoples reaction about disaster management system (This is not the title )
**Constructive criticism about the idea will be highly appreciated**
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If you have 10 cities the first approach could it be the differences between cities. You could do that with a histogram or even you can pursued a correlation between their opinions with a categorical variable that you can create based on the disaster management system in each city. Mapping their opinion could be interesting if you want to take a look if their opinion are conditioned for some spatial patter such as proximity to some natural disaster (landslide, volcano....).
I hope this will help you
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What is the difference between Emergency Management and Disaster Management?
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Consistent with Kelman's comment, it might be helpful to consider the following:
"According to E. L. Quarantelli (2005), these are emergencies, disasters, and catastrophes. Emergencies are defined in two different ways. Emergencies are unforeseen but predictable, narrow-scope incidents that regularly occur. They include house fires, vehicle accidents, medical crises, and small hazardous materials releases. Fire departments, emergency medical services agencies, police departments, and public works employees respond to these events by using standard operating procedures. The term emergency is also used in a broader sense to mean a crisis—an event that is expected to cause significant impacts in the near future. ... This type of emergency is distinguished by the need for vigilance, careful monitoring, and the expectation of high losses.
Quarantelli (2000:682) defines disasters as sudden onset occasions that seriously disrupt social routines, cause adoption of unplanned actions to adjust to the disruption, are designated in social space and time, and endanger valued social objects. Disasters, which are more rare than emergencies, are defined by many human casualties, much property damage, and severe social disruption. ... Disasters interrupt the ability of major community systems to support reasonable conditions of life. This means that significant subsystems in a community no longer work to allow people to pursue their work, education, shopping, recreation, and other activities. ... The distinctive feature of a disaster is that it disrupts only a single community. This allows resources from nearby communities and higher levels of government to support the affected community’s response and recovery.
A catastrophe is a large scope of impact event that affects multiple communities, produces very high levels of damage and social disruption, and sharply and concurrently interrupts community and lifeline services. A broad scope of impact impairs each community’s emergency response system and greatly limits extracommunity support."
From Perry, R.W. & Lindell, M.K. (2007). Emergency Planning. Hoboken NJ: John Wiley, Chapter 1.
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Though the Housing Resettlement implemented after disasters for the refugees and high risk zones residents, the pay back or the return of the investment is not enough to recover the required benefit or, either residents can not re-sell the property to its actual cost.
What would be the reasons for the value degradation of these types of properties?
What would be the appropriate suggestions to design/construct these settlements in a way maximizing its ROI?
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The main objective of residential property is Safety.Once there is any major disaster the property rates drops for years out of fear.Our region, Latur Maharashtra -India had devastating earthquake in 1993 .The impact on real estate was for 10-15 years.out of fear people dont dare to invest in the market,lot of migration happens ,commercial and industrial investment stops.we had drought for last 3 years in our region commercial and industrial investment was reduced which affected real estate price . As the real estate price depends of demand supply of market ,price drops due to reduced demand,,.efforts for increasing consumer confidence are required..we need to educate people for their mistakes of poor construction and show them benefits to disaster resistant construction techaniques,.Arrange seminars,workshops ,demonstrations for retial investors as well as for commercial and industrial investors
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Riversare a lifeline of millions in every part of world wether it is India, Bangladesh or Netherland. The flood delivers rich and vital nutrients to the river valley between the foothills and plain areas. Almost every country had adopted River embankments as a flood management strategy. in India these embankments have afforded some form of flood protection to the rural and urban dwellers and villages have mushroomed around the embankments, such as this village school. But they are also susceptible to breaches. so the questions and concerns is: what impacts do embankments have on river dynamics? Do embankments reduce perceived flood risk?
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Kundan,
I agree with Ilan but with a caveat. Civilization needs dikes and levees to reduce the occurrence of flooding but also we need to understand that understand that hazards that come with them. First of all we need to have a robust understanding of weather patterns, expected rainfall with the regions, the associated flood models and ultimately they need to be designed based upon an agreed upon return period.
In recent years, the Netherlands has approved a plan to mitigate the risk from the North Sea by designing for a 10,000 return period. This is a costly endeavor but in their eyes it is a viable financial commitment.
In the end the question is not whether embankments, dikes or levees are a false sense of security but rather what is the return period for the design event and to what standard are they built.
Please let me know if you have any questions.
Sincerely,
David Vaughn
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any topic related to supply chain management and procurement or disaster management
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We did some research in this area. Few companies have emergency preparedness plans. In addition, many key ingredients (u to 80%) come from foreign countries. Also,states should look at MOUs with critical vendors versus individual organizations or even coalitions. In sum, we found that key manufacturers have some excellent emergency plans while others have not even thought about it.
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Hi,
I am working on a project and I would like to have some recommendations on the following issues:
- How can the smart devices and applications be used for disaster response?
- How these technologies can be used for indoor and outdoor navigation for mass crowd evacuation and rescue?
- How can navigation methods or system that utilize geographic information or building information modeling (BIM) help for mass crowd evacuation and rescue?
- What are the dependability and safety issues of disaster response systems?
Any recommendation (your views, research papers, books etc.) would be highly appreciated.
Thank you very much.
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I am currently looking into the use of unmanned air vehicles (drones) for viewing inaccessible areas following a disaster. Depending on the cameras and other equipment that is loaded, it is possible to make a 3D make of a disaster area, showing access roads, secondary hazards, location of survivors, etc. There is even a group - Robotocists without Borders - who are available for disaster response.
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I am a student of Masters Disaster management. I am to submit my thesis on the 5th of Dec. I got some comments already from my supervisor which I am currently working on. I would appreciate more comments please. Thank you
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Send Me in pdf . I will read and revert you. But prior to sending me please take a approval from your supervisor.
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What are some current research paper on storm surge modeling?
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ADCIRC is a surge model using finite element method. 
SLOSH model used by NHC/NOAA
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As we all know the third world countries are more prone to natural and man made disasters, which International organization (WHO, UNO, UNESCO, or other United Nations Subsidiaries) is responsible for HELP and WHY?
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Earthquakes, floods, drought, and other natural hazards continue to cause tens of thousands of deaths, hundreds of thousands of injuries, and billions of dollars in economic losses each year around the world. The Emergency Events Database (EM-DAT), a global disaster database maintained by the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED) in Brussels, records upwards of 600 disasters globally each year (http://www.cred.be). Disaster frequency appears to be increasing. Disasters represent a major source of risk for the poor and wipe out development gains and accumulated wealth in developing countries. With the recognition grows that natural disaster risk must be addressed as a development issue rather than one strictly of humanitarian assistance, so  many organization worldwide working to develop the tools to effectively mainstream disaster risk management into development activities. Some of them are
·         The Food and Agriculture Organisation of the UN (FAO) provides early warning of impending food crises, and assesses global food supply problems.
·         The International Organisation for Migration (IOM) is an intergovernmental agency which helps transfer refugees, internally displaced persons and others in need of internal or international migration services.
·         The Office of United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) provides assistance and advice to governments and other actors on human rights issues, sets standards and monitors rights violations.
·         The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) assists disaster-prone countries in contingency planning and with disaster mitigation, prevention and preparedness measures.
·         The United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) provides international protection and assistance for refugees, stateless persons and internally displaced persons, particularly in conflict-related emergencies.
·         The United Nations Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) works to uphold children’s rights, survival, development and protection by intervening in health, education, water, sanitation, hygiene and protection.
·         The World Food Programme (WFP) is the principle supplier of relief food aid.
·         The World Health Organization (WHO) provides global public health leadership by setting standards, monitoring health trends, and providing direction on emergency health issues. WHO’s role is to reduce avoidable loss of life and the burden of disease and disability. A range of technical guidelines for health action in crises and pre-deployment training courses are available. A set of technical hazard sheets on earthquakes, drought, floods and landslides, is also available.
Please find attached link and report for your perusal.
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I appreciate if anyone Can Suggest / Provide me with a resource that I can use to get a list of C3 & C4 plants in Egypt?
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C3 and C4 plants is physiological item founded every where not only in Egypt. C4 crops like sorghum and corn. However, C3 plant like wheat and barley. 
Try to get any reference book in physiology, you will find what are you looking for !! Good luck 
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Terminal equipment should be capable of video/voice/data communications, preferably if it can act as GIS terminal too.
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Nowadays, SatCom On-The-Move (SOTM) is coming into operation. Applications for SatCom On-The-Move (SOTM) are intended to provide mobile users with communication services especially at places without any terrestrial communication infrastructure, or at disaster scenarios.
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What may be the curriculum on disaster risk management in an management (MBA) programme? looking to latest developments in area of DRR and CCA. I am working on proposing a specialization/elective course on disaster management in the business/management schools, and am looking for inputs, examples, ideas. How does it balance between disaster risk reduction/resilience and emergency management, and incorporate public policy, community and sustainable development issues, from business/management point of view. I would be highly grateful for the inputs. 
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Dear Dr Anil,
In addition to the suggestions above, you could also consider the following topics for your MBA disaster risk management curriculum:
  1. Introduction to the general principles of disaster risk management: definition and types of disasters, the disaster risk management cycle and how disasters impact on public and private sectors
  2. Political, social, economic, security and public health consequences and context of disasters
  3. Disaster risk assessment/analysis in the business environment
  4. Disaster preparedness and business continuity planning in the private and public sectors
  5. Disaster risk communication and education of workforce
  6. Security, safety and protection of staff and assets from effect of disaster
I hope these are useful
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The case study does not have to be about paramedicine. Just looking for a good example to use.
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Hello Lee,
I am happy to assist you. I developed a Bachelor of Veterinary Technology degree at Massey University vet school (New Zealand ). This is an example of a highly technical  (hands on) degree run along side a long established veterinary science degree in the only  vet school in the country. It has had many challenges but also wins as we are now training veterinary professionals together as a team. You can contact me on h.squance@massey.ac.nz   
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Dear colleagues,
I face the following issue when I try to import the ASTER GDEM data (ascii format) in the Flow-R environment (http://www.flow-r.org/home):
14:44:02: Error: ƒGƒ‰[: ones
14:44:02: Error: ƒTƒCƒY‚Ì“ü—͂͐®”‚Å‚È‚¯‚ê‚΂Ȃè‚Ü‚¹‚ñB
14:44:02: Error: ƒGƒ‰[: DataStudyAreaSelection (line 153)
14:44:02: Error: ƒGƒ‰[: GuiData>studyarea_Callback (line 82)
14:44:02: Error: ƒGƒ‰[: gui_mainfcn (line 96)
14:44:02: Error: ƒGƒ‰[: GuiData (line 20)
14:44:02: Error: ƒGƒ‰[: @(hObject,eventdata)GuiData('studyarea_Callback',hObject,eventdata,guidata(hObject))
14:44:02: Error: Error while evaluating uicontrol Callback
My ASTER GDEM data with the heading is shown below:
ncols 333
nrows 333
xllcorner 98.3417454074
yllcorner 3.1204627302
cellsize 0.00029999999999999
nodata_value -9999.0
1780.882 (data) ......
I would like to generate the susceptibilty map for Mount Sinabung, Indonesia. Attached file is the ASTER GDEM data (ascii format) of my study area.
Can anyone help me? Any technical assistance is appreciated.
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This is quite an old question, but for those who have the same issue, here is an update. You don't need anymore to have the corner coordinates dividable by the cell size. What you really need is:
- A grid with a metric coordinate system
- A cell size that is an integer
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Working on a social media project to classify the tweets during a natural disaster into one of the many phases : mitigation, preparedness, response, recovery. To train the classifiers to classify tweets into these categories, is there any available dataset that i could use ? Doing it manually is very tedious and am working alone, thus the most uphill task for me at the moment. 
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Upload the text and tweets into NVivo, a computer-asisted qualitative data analysis software (CAQDAS) and do a word search of  key terms and concepts related to each phase. You can do word clouds, look up the references, text searches. NVivo will not analyze the data for you. It just helps to organize inyo codes and containers. The analysis is still yours. Consider yourself as breaking new ground and establishing the dataset for future users.
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Where can I find (for download or willing to share) microscopic images of anucleated, nucleated platelets and amebocytes for use in a scientific publication. 
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Sorry no, Michelson Alan? maybe could help you - the author of "Platelets"
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I am currently looking at the flood in Chennai from December 2015. My focus will be on the illegal settlements and contructions in the former marshlands. Has anyone a good recommendation of an article about the process of building something in India and which institutions are involved in this? It is diffiecult to figure out which are the main players in this game. 
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dear Ramesh,
thank you very much, I havn't been familiar with this page. I checked it out and it is more than useful.
best  regards
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The Sendai Framework identifies the academia, civil society, businesses and media as key actors besides the governments in disaster risk reduction (DRR). All these actors need to work in unison for effective DRR; the local government is expected to take a lead and form partnerships with and between different actors. 
In this context, I am looking for cases where these partnerships have been formed, role played by different stakeholders, etc.
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Hi Paresh,
I have recently  published a literature review about CCA&DRR which reports the role of different actors in CCS&DRR integration governance, i linked below. Of course, most of these contents can be generalized to DRR and have been retrieved from specific DRR literature. Therefore, I suggest to give a look to the reference list, you can find really useful sources for your work.
Good luck!
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Disaster Related professionals.
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Thank you Bill, I will try to search the some universities as you have said. and Dear Carol, Its hard to find authentic literature on disaster management by just googling. 
Thank you Both!!
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Modern societies are increasingly concerned in preventing risks that can cause unsafe events. There are even strategies that proclaim a risk-free environment by adapting a 'Zero Accident Vision'. My question is: are we, as modern societies, more capable of protecting and securing ourselves from harm and unsafe events than before, say, the 1960's? Or are we simply substituting old risks for new ones?
If there are papers available that address this question I would really like to know more about them.
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A good example to highlight zero-risk is the car industry’s effort for zero-emission and zero-fatality.
Electric vehicles are promoted as the zero-emission mobility. When one inquires the source of power, it is evident that the carbon foot print is not zero. But car industry is trying to improve their product.  The bulk of car market is petrol cars; electric car is still too expensive. Hence zero emission is a target. Diesel engines go a long way and upsurge in car with diesel engine in Europe is a testimony for it (ignore Volkswagen faux pas).
Car industry has also made great progress in zero-fatality. The industry is striving to achieve virtually zero fatalities and serious injuries in accidents involving its vehicles.  If you see injury and fatality due to car accident, you will see a drop (for new cars).
Zero-risk should be our target. We can close the gap by research.
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I have students who have difficulty bringing in samples from the field for lab testing to check if soil is expansive or not. They need an expansive soil for their experiment. Can anyone suggest a better method? An on-field test?
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There is general trend that fine grained expansive soils tend to be high plasticity clays. Here are a few quick field tests that may help your students locate some suitable soils other than looking for desiccation cracking....
1.     Plasticity test - Take a small sample of soil - approximately 1 cubic inch, which about the size of a half a golf ball - and roll it into a thread.  
a.      If it is very difficult or impossible to roll into a thread, you likely have a silt of low plasticity.
b.     If you can roll a thread, and it can be done quickly and easily and quickly, then you likely have a low to moderate plastic clay.
c.      If you can roll a thread but it is difficult and the soil is very stiff, you likely have a highly plastic clay.
2.     Dilatency test - Take a small sample of your soil (again about 1 cubic inch) Shape the soil into into a cube or spehre and place it in the palm of your hand. Take your other hand and hit the side of the hand that is holding the soil sample. Repeat the hitting action several times which will impart a vibration to the soil sample.
a.      If the vibrations cause water to come to the surface of the soil (i.e. soil surface starts to shine) and the soil starts to slump it is likely a low plasticity silt.
b.     If water appears slowly and the soil retains its shape, it is likely a low plastic clay.
c.      If the water does not appear and the soil holds its shape very well, it is likely a highly plastic clay.
3.     Dry Strength – Take a dry sample of fine grained soil, if available, and try to break it.
a.      Soils that crumble very easily are likely to be low plastic silts.  
b.     A soil that takes some effort to break up is likely a low to moderately plastic clay.
c.      Those soils that are difficult to break are typically highly plastic clays.
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I am working in the field of landslides along a ghat road section with 70 hairpin bends. Need suggestions, how can I relate the road density with landslide occurrences.
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Dear Ramesh,
As Marten told, the roads usually don't generate directly impacts to the stability of soil/rocks (of course if respected regular physical stability rules), but change the drainage systems and when this changes are not properly you can induce the water concentration and trigger a landslides.
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Are there any techniques design to tackle complication that may arise from non-communicable (chronic) diseases during and after a disaster?
If yes, have this been able to change the pattern of morbidity and mortality resulting from chronic diseases like diabetes during or after a disaster?
What are the current pattern of NCDs mortality and morbidity during and after disasters?
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If you are happy to focus down to earthquake then look at the work of Thomas Kuhn and his colleagues at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Population Health - they have done a meta analysis on this question..
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Is self efficacy a hindrance to the mitigation, preparedness, awareness of disasters  in both developed and developing countries, if so, how and why? what are the impacts? if not so, why and how not so?
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Our experience is that the answer depends on a complex mix of cultural and government issues. Highly centralised governments tend to feel that local communities place the responsibility for preparedness on government - more federalised communities with stronger local government tend to feel joint responsibility. Check for example our case studies on community resilience at www.flinders.edu.au/tri
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We at our institution have developed a protocol to deal with terror attacks . Now how can i confirm scientifically that my protocol has actually improved the outcome of the incident in term of mortality and morbidity owing to better patient disaster management plan ?
International studies just describe an event and then discuss the outcomes - no set protocols yet!!
need guidance
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Dear Ahmad
I think it would be wrong to expect to truly prove superior results with your new protocol.
The most important outcomes for the patients would be survival and then things like long-term quality of life within multiple domains (cognition, return-to-work etc). Further down the line it would be secondary outcomes like length-of-stay (ICU/hospital), days on respirator etc but these would mean less to the patient and more to everyone around him/her (including whoever pays for it all).
Testing new protocols scientifically mostly ends up with measuring outcomes like compliance to the protocol, times between events etc, which means little to the patient if it can't be converted into those outcomes I mentioned (and possibly others of course). For exemple, see what's written on the WHO checklist for surgery in NEJM, and you'll see that it's not as simple as we would all like to think to prove superiority.
Just my 2 cents...
Very best
Johan