Science topic

# Diagnostic Imaging - Science topic

Any visual display of structural or functional patterns of organs or tissues for diagnostic evaluation. It includes measuring physiologic and metabolic responses to physical and chemical stimuli, as well as ultramicroscopy.
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Publications related to Diagnostic Imaging (10,000)
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The main objective of this article is to analyse strategies of embodied cognition and the intersubjective ground for individual intentions in the process of image-based oncoradiology diagnosis. The article presents a range of both oncoradiology imaging specifics and concrete operations performed by radiologists during their daily professional routi...
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Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) are produced from the blood vessel walls and circulate in the blood during the perinatal period. However, the migration dynamics of how HSCs enter the bone marrow remain elusive. To observe the dynamics of HSCs over time, the present study develops an intravital imaging method to visualize bone marrow in neonatal lon...
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Improvementsin medical imaging and a steady increase in computing power are leading to new possibilities in the field of cardiovascular interventions. Interventions can be planned in advance in greater detail, even to the point of simulating procedures. Nevertheless, all techniques are at an early stage of development. It is of utmost importance th...
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In first-in-human (FIH) trials, sequential tumor biopsies, i.e., two consecutive tumor biopsies, the first performed at baseline (pretreatment) and the second during the early treatment period (on-treatment), provide proof of concept in investigational new drugs. We evaluated the success of sequential tumor biopsies in FIH trials, and explored appr...
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MammoWave is a microwave imaging device for breast lesion detection, employing two antennas which rotate azimuthally (horizontally) around the breast. The antennas operate in the 1-9 GHz band and are set in free space, i.e., pivotally, no matching liquid is required. Microwave images, subsequently obtained through the application of Huygens Princip...
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The cervix plays a crucial role in conception, maintenance of pregnancy, and childbirth. The mechanical properties of a pregnant woman's cervix change dramatically during gestation due to a remodeling of its microstructure, necessary for delivery. However, external factors can accelerate this process and lead to prematurity, the primary cause of pe...
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Antibodies are the most widely used, traditional tool for labelling molecules in cells. In the past five to ten years, many new labelling tools have been developed with significant advantages over the traditional antibody. Here, we focus on nanobodies and the non-antibody binding scaffold proteins called Affimers. We explain how they are generated,...
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Hyperspectral endoscopy has shown its potential to improve disease diagnosis in gastrointestinal tracts. Recent approaches in developing hyperspectral endoscopy are mainly focusing on enhancing image speed and quality of spectral information under a clinical environment, but there are many issues in obtaining consistent spectral information due to...
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We provide a method to evaluate effects of a lossy and noisy optical channel in computational ghost imaging (CGI) technique. Instead of preparing an external noise source, we simulate the optical channel with a basic CGI experiment using programmatically generated noise-induced patterns. By using our method, we show that CGI can reject a noise of w...
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Introduction- Iris melanomas mainly grow in the anterior chamber or along the iris surface, and by local extension; they commonly invade the anterior chamber angle and anterior ciliary body. Iris melanomas account for 2–3% of all uveal melanomas, with the diffuse variety accounting for about 10% of all iris melanomas. Methodology-A systemati...
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This work demonstrates and guides how to use a range of state-of-the-art artificial neural-networks to analyse bacterial microscopy images using the recently developed ZeroCostDL4Mic platform. We generated a database of image datasets used to train networks for various image analysis tasks and present strategies for data acquisition and curation, a...
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The study of histopathological phenotypes is vital for cancer research and medicine as it links molecular mechanisms to disease prognosis. It typically involves integration of heterogenous histopathological features in whole-slide images (WSI) to objectively characterize a histopathological phenotype. However, the large-scale implementation of phen...
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Thoracic radiograph (TR) is a complementary exam widely used in small animal medicine which requires a sharp analysis to take full advantage of Radiographic Pulmonary Pattern (RPP). Although promising advances have been made in deep learning for veterinary imaging, the development of a Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN) to detect specifically RPP...
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In this study, we examine the suitability of desorption electro-flow focusing ionization (DEFFI) for mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) of biological tissue. We also compare the performance of desorption electrospray ionization (DESI) with and without the flow focusing setup. The main potential advantages of applying the flow focusing mechanism in DES...
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Arrhythmias are anomalies in the heartbeat rhythm that occur occasionally in people’s lives. These arrhythmias can lead to potentially deadly consequences, putting your life in jeopardy. As a result, arrhythmia identification and classification are an important aspect of cardiac diagnostics. An electrocardiogram (ECG), a recording collecting the he...
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Medical equipment maintenance in modern hospital management is an emerging marginal discipline which is one of the important branches of hospital management with the dual function of management and technology. The good or bad management of medical equipment directly affects the quality of hospital work. With the development of science and technolog...
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AAP guidelines recommend infants less than 6 months of age are monitored for at least 2 hours following surgery. This retrospective study evaluated if adherence to the 2-hour monitoring guideline decreased the risk of adverse events associated with ambulatory procedures in infants younger than 6 months. Methods: We queried the hospital's electron...
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More than two years have passed since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic [...]
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Breast cancer (BC) is the most common cancer in women of all ages, with more than 2 million diagnoses every year and a high economic and psychological impact on both the health care system and the population [...]
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Microscopy image analysis gives quantitative support for enhancing the characterizations of various diseases, including breast cancer, lung cancer, and brain tumors. As a result, it is crucial in computer-assisted diagnosis and prognosis. Understanding the biological principles underlying these dynamic image sequences often necessitates precise ana...
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The most effective diagnostic methods in the medical field are diagnostic imaging techniques such as radiography, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and nuclear medicine, which are used to visualize internal body to diagnose it, determine potential treatment, and evaluate and forecast care results. Therefore, the purpose of...
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Spectrally diverse fluorescent proteins (FPs) provide straightforward means for multiplexed imaging of biological systems. Among FPs fitting standard color channels, blue FPs (BFPs) are characterized by lower brightness compared to other spectral counterparts. Furthermore, available BFPs were not systematically characterized for imaging in cultured...
Poster
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Post COVID-19 cholangiopathy is a form of sclerosing cholangitis in critically ill patients (SC-CIP). SC-CIP is rare in ICU but dismal; up to half of the patients die during the ICU stay and rapidly progress to liver cirrhosis. The diagnosis is often missed by clinicians and treatment is limited. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the outcomes of SC-CIP...
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It is imperative to seize the “golden rescue time” and implement new concepts and new skills in modern trauma rescue. Combining with the development background of smart medical image analysis, this topic focuses on surgical strategies and prognostic measures and studies a serious and difficult disease frequently occurring in middle-aged and elderly...
Poster
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Introducción: La calcificación caseosa del anillo mitral es un proceso crónico y degenerativo de la válvula mitral. Se considera una variante poco frecuente, su curso es asintomático, pero puede manifestarse como un tumor cardiaco, un absceso o puede llevar a disfunción de la válvula mitral. Materiales y métodos: Resultados: Paciente de 78 años,...
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Background: Unilateral diaphragmatic paralysis is a condition in which the unilateral diaphragm is paralyzed and elevated. Orthopnea due to lung compression by an elevated diaphragm in the supine position is common in patients with unilateral diaphragmatic paralysis. Although its symptom is posture-dependent, the effect of posture on lung function...
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Medical imaging is the process of visual representation of different tissues and organs of the human body to monitor the normal and abnormal anatomy and physiology of the body. There are many medical imaging techniques used for this purpose such as X-ray, computed tomography (CT), positron emission tomography (PET), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
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Breast radiologists and nuclear medicine specialists updated their previous recommendation/guidance at the 4th Hungarian Breast Cancer Consensus Conference in Kecskemét. A recommendation is hereby made that breast tumours should be screened, diagnosed and treated according to these guidelines. These professional guidelines include the latest techni...
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Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of triple-phase bone scanning and the temporal impact of prosthesis implantation on the diagnostic efficacy of triple-phase bone scanning for periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). Methods: Patients who were admitted to our hospital for joint pain and dysfunction after total joint arthroplasty betwee...
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Single-pixel imaging (SPI), a novel computational imaging technique that has emerged in the past decades, can effectively capture the image of a static object by consecutively measuring light intensities from it. However, when SPI is applied to imaging the dynamic object, severe motion blur in the restored image tends to appear. In this Letter, a n...
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At present, oncologic imaging is crucial for clinical decision-making [...]
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Healthcare providers have acknowledged the dangers of radiation exposure to embryonic and fetal health, yet diagnostic imaging of pregnant women is increasing. Literature that pertains to the topic of interest was reviewed to collect tertiary data. The purpose of this literature review was to present the various radiation risks for pregnant women a...
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A metamaterial (MTM) loaded compact three-dimensional antenna is presented for the portable, low-cost, non-invasive microwave head imaging system. The antenna has two slotted dipole elements with finite arrays of MTM unit cell and a folded parasitic patch that attains directional radiation patterns with 80% of fractional bandwidth. The operating fr...
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In this contribution, we study the optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) exhibited by commercial $$\hbox {Lu}_{(2-x)}\hbox {Y}_x\hbox {SiO}_5$$ Lu ( 2 - x ) Y x SiO 5 :Ce crystals. This photon emission mechanism, complementary to scintillation, can trap a fraction of radiation energy deposited in the material and provides sufficient signal to dev...
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Butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) is an essential human biomarker which is related to liver and neurodegenerative diseases. It is of great significance to develop a fluorescent probe that can image BChE in vitro and in vivo. Unfortunately, most fluorescent probes that are based on a single change in fluorescence intensity are susceptible to environmenta...
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Smart medical uses the medical information platform and the current technological means to enable the process of sharing information between medical staff and medical equipment. The combination of current technology and the medical field has become the norm. In the future, more artificial intelligence technologies will be integrated into the medica...
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Multiplex imaging technologies are increasingly used for single-cell phenotyping and spatial characterization of tissues; however, transparent methods are needed for comparing the performance of platforms, protocols and analytical pipelines. We developed a python software, mplexable, for reproducible image processing and utilize Jupyter notebooks t...
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Medical devices are mostly used in healthcare environments to save lives, improve health and life quality. They could be intended to contraception, prevention, diagnosis, treatment, illnesses, and disabilities rehabilitation. The definitions adopted at local, regional and global levels may vary on the base of the focus given by the Regulatory Gover...
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This paper discusses the imaging diagnostic features of arteriosclerotic encephalopathy and combines the spatial context information of local features to study the clinical imaging image copy detection algorithm. Moreover, this paper proposes a clinical imaging copy detection algorithm that combines the BOW model and spatial context embedding and a...
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Photoplethysmography imaging (PPGI) sensors have attracted a significant amount of attention as they enable the remote monitoring of heart rates (HRs) and thus do not require any additional devices to be worn on fingers or wrists. In this study, we mounted PPGI sensors on a robot for active and autonomous HR (R-AAH) estimation. We proposed an algor...
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Basma Haris,1 Samuel Stafrace,2 Khalid Hussain1 1Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, Sidra Medicine, Doha, Qatar; 2Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Sidra Medicine, Doha, QatarCorrespondence: Khalid Hussain, Department of Pediatric Medicine, Sidra Medicine, OPC, C6-340|PO Box 26999, Al Luqta Street, Doha, Qatar, Tel +974-4003-7608 ; +974-3032200...
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Medical ultrasound is a particularly useful imaging method used in the diagnosis of urinary fetal anomalies. One such fetal anomaly is the posterior urethral valve (PUV), which is a congenital malformation of the male urethra occurring early in gestation life. PUV is a common cause of obstructive uropathy in males and fetal death during pregnancy....
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The spine, pelvis, and hip are three anatomic structures that tightly interact to create spinopelvic mobility and harmony. Orthopaedic surgeons, both spine and hip specialists, must have a complete awareness of this concept. Recently, the literature has placed great emphasis on paying attention to these parameters in the preoperative planning of th...
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In recent years, CBCT has proved to be extremely widely used and widespread in dentistry [...]
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DNA damage is a prominent biomarker for numerous diseases, including cancer, as well as for the aging process. Detection of DNA damage routinely relies on traditional microscopy or cytometric methods. However, these techniques are typically of limited throughput and are not ideally suited for large-scale longitudinal and population studies that req...
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Background Mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) data often consist of tens of thousands of mass spectra collected from a sample surface. During the time necessary to perform a single acquisition, it is likely that uncontrollable factors alter the validity of the initial mass calibration of the instrument, resulting in mass errors of magnitude significan...
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Deep learning has been extensively applied to segmentation in medical imaging. U-Net proposed in 2015 shows the advantages of accurate segmentation of small targets and its scalable network architecture. With the increasing requirements for the performance of segmentation in medical imaging in recent years, U-Net has been cited academically more th...
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In human medicine, pituitary apoplexy (PA) is a clinical syndrome characterised by the sudden onset of neurological signs because of haemorrhage or infarction occurring within a normal or tumoral pituitary gland. The diagnosis is usually performed combining neurological signs and imaging findings. The aim of the present study is to describe the abn...
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Efficient delivery of payload to intracellular targets has been identified as the central principle for nanomedicine development, while the extracellular targets are equally important for cancer treatment. Notably, the contribution of extracellularly distributed nanoparticles to therapeutic outcome is far from being understood. Herein, we develop a...
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The spinal cord accounts for the main communication pathway between the brain and the peripheral nervous system. Spinal cord injury is a devastating and largely irreversible neurological trauma, and can result in lifelong disability and paralysis with no available cure. In vivo spinal cord imaging in mouse models without introducing immunological a...
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The molecular pathology of breast cancer is challenging due to the complex heterogeneity of cellular subtypes. The ability to directly identify and visualize cell subtype distribution at the single-cell level within a tissue section enables precise and rapid diagnosis and prognosis. Here, we applied mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) to acquire and vi...
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Methods: The EEG emotion dataset seed is used for feature extraction with DE, and the emotion is recognized by ResNet. Adam optimizer is used to classify the extracted DE through ResNet50 model. Each batch is set as 5 groups of data and is trained for 50 rounds, then the model is optimized, and the accuracy rate is 76.47%, which output the probabi...