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Developmental Psychology - Science topic

Developmental psychology is the scientific study of systematic psychological changes, emotional changes, and perception changes that occur in human beings over the course of their life span.
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Publications related to Developmental Psychology (9,696)
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Being one of Freud’s most famous contributions to psychoanalysis, the Oedipus complex is still a topic of heated interest. It has been disputed in many different disciplines ranging from anthropology to biology. This theoretical paper aimed to explain the phenomena that are represented by children’s affectionate and assertive attitudes towards thei...
Article
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Emotion regulation has been a central research topic in developmental psychology and psychopathology for several decades. Habitual use of adaptive (e.g., cognitive reappraisal) or maladaptive strategies (e.g., expressive suppression) may influence psychosocial adjustment in children and adolescents. Despite consensus on the influence of culture on...
Book
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Inner speech has been a focus of multidisciplinary interest. It is a long-standing phenomenon of study in philosophy, psychology, and anthropology. Researchers from different disciplines have turned their efforts to understand this inherent experience of being "talking to oneself". In psychology, Vygotsky managed to develop a complete description o...
Article
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A pretensão deste artigo é de apresentar um panorama geral sobre a possibilidade de entrecruzamento de temas entre a pesquisa em cognição social contemporânea, a psicologia do desenvolvimento e a analítica existencial proposta por Martin Heidegger. Nesse sentido, o trabalho é programático. Analisamos a noção de intencionalidade social (ser-com) com...
Article
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Resumo O estudo de altas habilidades/superdotação se desenvolveu de forma significativa por meio de pesquisas científicas atuais com esse seguimento. Estudos correlacionam as habilidades acima da média com a presença de indicadores clínicos de saúde mental como ansiedade e depressão, bem como déficits em habilidades sociais. Diante da possibilidade...
Article
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Part of the appeal of attachment language is that it feels near to our everyday experience, as terms like 'attachment', 'security' or 'disorganisation' feel readily recognisable. Yet, not one of these terms is used by academic attachment researchers in line with ordinary language. This has hindered the evidence-based use of attachment in practice,...
Article
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Given that recent research on entrepreneurial behavior and success has established skill variety as a central human capital factor, researchers, educators, and policymakers have turned their interest to a deeper understanding of the formation of skill variety. Based on human capital theory and the competence growth approach in developmental psychol...
Article
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This study tested the confirmatory factor analytic (CFA) model of the Resilience at University (RAU) scale and considered the conceptual properties of the scale relative to students transitioning from the adolescent-to-adulthood psychological developmental stage. Survey data were obtained from 808 Australian undergraduate business students. Using t...
Article
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Children's spatial cognition abilities are a vital part of their learning and cognitive development, and important for their problem-solving capabilities, the development of mathematical skills and progress in Science, Technology, Engineering and Maths (STEM) topics. As many children have difficulties with STEM topic areas, and as these topics have...
Article
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Climate change is an existential threat facing humanity on a global scale. To handle this problem all societal actors, including young people, need to get involved. This narrative review focuses on what implications climate change has for research in developmental psychology. It is argued that how young people relate to climate change is closely as...
Article
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This paper examines the relationship between parental monitoring and control, parents’ perceived knowledge of their adolescent’s online activities, and parents’ perceived knowledge of their adolescent’s involvement in cyberbullying, among Israeli Jewish and Arab parents of adolescents. The 407 participants consisted of two groups: Jewish (n = 194)...
Poster
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Contains: Child Developmental Psychology Theory of Change; Year 1 Qualitative Study • 9-15* in person semi structured interviews with families (at least one parent and child in interview unit) within borough of Salford; Work leading up to the PhD project; Cluster Randomised Quasi-Experimental Methods- Study Years 2 & 3.
Article
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‘Intuitive physics’ enables our pragmatic engagement with the physical world and forms a key component of ‘common sense’ aspects of thought. Current artificial intelligence systems pale in their understanding of intuitive physics, in comparison to even very young children. Here we address this gap between humans and machines by drawing on the field...
Article
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This paper investigates the mental representation of the mind-brain relationship from the perspectives of psychoanalytic purpose, relations theory, and cognitive developmental psychology, as well as the congruence between these formulations and research and theory in cognitive science or social cognition. In the long-term, patient treatment of seve...
Article
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RESUMO O presente estudo tem como objetivo investigar as características neuropsicológicas do desenvolvimento no primeiro ano de bebês prematuros comparados com bebês a termo, através de uma metodologia de revisão de literatura. A busca foi realizada nas bases MEDLINE, APAPsycNet, Science Direct e SciELO, no período de 2004 a 2021, utilizando a pal...
Article
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Purpose To examine whether there is a correlation between attachment styles, which is a developmental psychology theory, and lifelong DE. Methods The research was planned as prospective, multi-centric and cross-sectional study. Thirty patients who were consecutively admitted to the urology outpatient clinic and diagnosed with lifelong DE and 30 ag...
Chapter
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Serious games have been shown to be an effective tool when teaching information security concepts to children and adults alike. However, due to the different ways in which people learn during different stages of their life, developing effective games for children can be a non-trivial task. In this paper, a novel framework is introduced that aims to...
Article
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Background Loneliness in children has been a major topic of interest in both clinical and developmental psychology. Further studies to investigate predictors of loneliness are needed for educational practices. Methods A total of 1088 late elementary school-aged children (48.81% boys, Mage = 10.35) participated in a 1-year longitudinal survey. We u...
Article
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Da intersubjetividade à empatia: em busca das raízes da cooperação RESUMO Com base nas evidências e reflexões encontradas na Psicologia do Desenvolvimento Humano, na Neurociência, na Psicologia Comparada e na Etologia, argumentamos que a cooperação é entendida como tão fundamental no processo de evolução das espécies que, para facilitá-la, a nature...
Preprint
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1. Highlight five major significances of the study of psychology of human development. Equips one with knowledge of interaction with kids.-One has better communication which is age-appropriate, encourage, express and understand emotions and also reinforce positive behavior. Increases one's ability to spot problems.-With greater understanding of wha...
Article
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In many contemporary models of adult development an end state of self-development is assumed, which is related to a specific worldview and concept of the absolute. In the present text these development models and their worldview are analyzed and contrasted with Karl Jaspers' psychology of worldviews and, what he described, the process of differenti...
Poster
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The aim of the current study is twofold: 1) identify the factors that distinguish sadistic from nonsadistic sexual aggressors; and 2) ascertain whether sexually sadistic offending is a heterogeneous phenomenon. The study sample was composed of 206 sexual aggressors against women. The Severe Sexual Sadism Scale (SESAS) was used to categorize the agg...
Article
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This article presents a case study of voluntary exit from a far-right group in the United States. Our analysis of “Tom” (a pseudonym) foregrounds the role of psychological development in “Tom’s” narrative of disengagement. While developmental factors are sometimes referenced in the radicalization/deradicalization literature, they are often reduced...
Preprint
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Experimental research is reviewed that suggests that rational framing effects influence young children's social activities according to a logic of interdependence. However, young children are unlikely to possess some of the elaborate cognitive skills argued in the Target Article to be prerequisite for rational framing effects. Understanding rationa...
Article
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The false attribution of autonomy and related concepts to artificial agents that lack the attributed levels of the respective characteristic is problematic in many ways. In this article, we contrast this view with a positive viewpoint that emphasizes the potential role of such false attributions in the context of robotic language acquisition. By ad...
Poster
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Psychopathy can be treated when we reach an integrated construct of the disorder. The Dynamic Model of Psychopathy, or DMP, is an effort to deliver just that. Psychopathy can be treated by focusing on the DMP’s three dimensions; community, agency, and self- and affect consciousness, which are also the DMP treatment goals. As such, psychopathy can...
Poster
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texto- acerca da psicologia do desenvolvimento
Article
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In order to macroscopically grasp the research highlights and development trends of the developmental psychology in China, this paper used the bibliometrics methods to analyze the yearly publications, yearly citations, yearly downloads, yearly reprints, keywords, etc. based on 2456 publications published from 1985 to 2019 in Psychological Developme...
Article
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The strong infrastructure of the theoretical tendencies, principles, practices and outputs of inclusive education has led to the worldwide adoption of this model and the development of a belief that the service capacity of schools should be strengthened so that “all individuals can benefit from quality education”. As with all learning and teaching...
Article
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The give-n task is widely used in developmental psychology to indicate young children’s knowledge or use of the cardinality principle (CP): the last number word used in the counting process indicates the total number of items in a collection. Fuson (1988) distinguished between the CP, which she called the count-cardinal concept, and the cardinal-co...
Article
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Over time, varied ecological perspectives have evolved in the social and behavioral sciences to provide explanatory models for behavior in social, cultural, and historical context. The purpose of the present paper is to compare and contrast two such perspectives and their implications for translational science. The perspectives are the ecology of h...
Article
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This paper assumes that success on false-belief tasks requires a kind of folk psychological know-how, i.e. gradable knowledge how to perform skilful social cognitive acts. Following Ryle (Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 1946, The Concept of Mind, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1949), it argues the folk psychological know-how req...
Article
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Resumo A psicologia cultural da educação se esforça para compreender a posição do indivíduo em desenvolvimento. Este artigo procura interpretar a missão e a visão da psicologia cultural da educação no contexto da sociedade moderna, tendo em perspectiva uma tendência social individualizada e tecnomecanista. O conceito de “indivíduo contextualizado”...
Article
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Developmental Psychology is the branch of psychology that studies, not only human behavior, but how and why human behavior changes over time. This essay seeks to review to what extent Developmental Psychology has failed to perceive human behavior through the lens of evolutionary theory in general, and in particular sexual selection as first describ...
Article
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Previous studies have reported a significant positive association between ability emotional intelligence (EI) and attachment security. However, these studies may, to some extent, be misleading because they relied on self-report measures of attachment security. Furthermore, to our knowledge, no study has yet investigated the relationship between abi...
Article
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Advances in developmental psychology, child psychiatry, and allied disciplines have pointed to events and experiences in the early years as the origin of many adult mental health challenges. Yet, children’s mental health services still largely lack a developmental or prevention-focused orientation, with most referrals to mental health professionals...
Preprint
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Reasoning using negation is known to be difficult for transformer-based language models. While previous studies have used the tools of psycholinguistics to probe a transformer's ability to reason over negation, none have focused on the types of negation studied in developmental psychology. We explore how well transformers can process such categorie...
Article
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Meta-analyses provide researchers with an overview of the body of evidence in a topic, with quantified estimates of effect sizes and the role of moderators, and weighting studies according to their precision. We provide a guide for conducting a transparent and reproducible meta-analysis in the field of developmental psychology within the framework...
Conference Paper
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Depuis plusieurs décennies la recherche anthropologique s'intéresse aux phénomènes sociétaux associés au plurilinguisme et il existe désormais un important corpus de données autour des pratiques langagières, notamment des enfants, dans les milieux multiculturels. D'autres travaux, notamment dans le domaine des neurosciences de l'éducation et de la...
Chapter
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Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition and disorder causing psychological deterioration triggered by terrifying events or traumatic experiences either by experiencing or by witnessing it. Though many people have common feelings, PTSD symptoms vary from one person to another. So it is strongly recommended to focus on new...
Preprint
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A common claim in developmental psychology literature is that children are surprisingly precocious at Concentration, a simple memory game involving searching for matches in a set of shuffled upside-down cards. However, empirical support for that assertion is scarce. The present study aims to examine whether there are developmental differences in Co...
Article
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The main objective of this article is to review the phenomenological theory of time in philosophy and the process of symbol formation in developmental psychology in order to explore a first approach to the integration of static-dynamic polarities in the construction of psychological experience. The interpretive hypothesis of the present work corres...
Article
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Information technology has accompanied human development since the beginning of socialization, facilitating organization, collaboration and quantification. Information theory resembles the way in which the brain processes, organizes and systematizes data and stimuli received. This association between cognitive processes and informatics is useful to...
Article
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1.0. Introduction The field of Deaf Education has gone through remarkable changes for decades. To some extent, this change is due to the evolution of understanding concerning deaf persons and sign language in most developed countries. The greatness of this change owes much to the progress in pedagogy, developmental psychology, psycholinguistics (in...
Chapter
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Pensar las experiencias, diálogos y perspectivas de investigación en la Psicología Ambiental obliga partir de lo básico e intentar responder qué es y para qué. Los orígenes de la Psicología Ambiental se entretejen en disciplinas como la Psicología Social, la Psicología Cognitiva y la Psicología del Desarrollo, alcanzando en la actualidad una identi...
Article
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This article aims to show that Shona traditional children's games and play songs are an indigenous way of knowing. It also seeks to show how the knowledge embedded in these songs and play songs is accessed. As methodology, examples of Shona traditional children's games and play songs are analysed using insights from developmental psychology and ind...
Article
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Background This analysis is about practical living bioethics and how law, ethics and sociology understand and respect children’s consent to, or refusal of, elective heart surgery. Analysis of underlying theories and influences will contrast legalistic bioethics with living bioethics. In-depth philosophical analysis compares social science tradition...
Preprint
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Analogies to stochastic optimization are common in developmental psychology, describing a gradual reduction in randomness over the lifespan. Yet for lack of concrete empirical comparison, there is ambiguity in how to interpret this analogy. Using data from n=281 participants ages 5 to 55, we show that "cooling off'" does not only apply to the singl...
Article
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Most human decisions are made among social others, and in what social context the choices are made is known to influence individuals' decisions. Social influence has been noted as an important factor that may nudge individuals to take more risks (e.g., initiation of substance use), but ironically also help individuals to take safer actions (e.g., s...
Article
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Background : Developmental psychological trauma induces vulnerability to psychosis. However, the mechanisms underlying this association are poorly understood. Impairments in Theory of Mind (ToM) have been observed in adult survivors of developmental trauma and individuals with psychosis. ToM is therefore a candidate mechanism underlying the associa...
Article
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Bullying victimization is a form of psychological stress that is associated with poor outcomes in the areas of mental health and learning. Although the emotional maladjustment and memory impairment following interpersonal stress are well documented, the mechanisms of complex cerebral dysfunctions have neither been outlined nor studied in depth in t...
Preprint
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Fluctuations of the planetary gravitational field and nonlinear interactions with matter as an element of artificial intelligence. Can the harmonics of the fluctuations of the planetary gravitational field be applied as an element of an AI for forecasting? For the first time, extensive research has been done on the harmonics of the planetary gravit...
Article
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When children practice a new skill and fail, it is critical for them to explore new strategies to succeed. How can parents encourage children’s exploration? Bridging insights from developmental psychology and the neuroscience of motor control, we examined the effects of parental praise on children’s motor exploration. We theorize that modest praise...
Article
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Se estudia la imaginación creadora en los niveles materializado, perceptivo y verbal en niños en edad escolar. Participaron 50 niños de un colegio particular de Puebla, México. Se aplicó un protocolo de evaluación de forma colaborativa e interactiva bajo el concepto de la zona del desarrollo próximo que implica la participación del evaluador y el u...
Article
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The study of the emergence of pretend play in developmental psychology has generally been restricted to analyses of children’s play with toys and everyday objects. The widely accepted criteria for establishing pretence are the child’s manipulation of object identities, attributes or existence. In this paper we argue that there is another arena for...
Preprint
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La presente disertación en torno a la categorización, el razonamiento y el lenguaje, toma como punto de partida un amplio espectro de estudios exploratorios, investigaciones documentales y experimentales. Arranca en la antigüedad griega, pasa por la modernidad y contemporaneidad y, llega a las investigaciones en psicología del desarrollo, psico...
Article
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All over the world financial hardship arising from overspending and over-indebtedness, and often leading to poverty, strongly hampers peoples’ life satisfaction, well-being, and health. Going beyond the immediate economic issues, psychology has much to offer to identify potential causes and consequences of financial hardship and interventions on ho...
Preprint
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Profesi keperawatan mengenal empat tingkatan teori, yang terdiri dari meta theory, grand theory, middle range theory, dan practice theory. Dalam aplikasi teori keperawatan empat tingkatan teori tersebut tercermin dalam filosofi dan paradigma keperawatan sebagai contoh teori keperawatan yang dikemukakan oleh Orem dapat disimpulkan bahwa filosofi teo...
Chapter
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¿Qué tiene para decir la ciencia psicológica sobre el desarrollo de las infancias en este nuevo contexto mundial? ¿Qué hemos aprendido en este tiempo y qué desafíos tenemos aún frente a los niños y las niñas de nuestras sociedades? En definitiva, ¿para qué sirve investigar en psicología mientras el mundo atraviesa una emergencia biopsicosocial sin...
Book
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Cognitive flexibility is the cornerstone of learning and enables us to cope with a constantly changing environment. By adapting our knowledge and habits in order to respond to new situations, cognitive flexibility plays a fundamental role in learning. This book proposes a study of the fundamental notions of cognitive flexibility: its measurement a...
Article
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Background Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are a set of developmental, psychological, and neurological disorders that occur in early childhood. The most important characteristic of individuals with autism is difficulty in social interactions and communication. Researchers in the field of oral health have not paid enough attention to these individua...
Article
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In light of concerns about adolescent mental health, there is a need to identify and examine potential pathways to wellbeing in their daily lives. Outdoor environments can offer multiple pathways to wellbeing through opportunities for restoration, physical activity and socialising. However, urbanisation and new lifestyles revolving around the home...
Article
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Previous research suggests that aggregate neighborhood-level measures of socioeconomic disadvantage are related to social and medical outcomes. To date, these measures have primarily been used in health-related research, with far fewer applications to developmental psychology and education. This study used a measure of neighborhood socioeconomic di...
Article
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Introduction: The current study aimed to compare knowledge about and attitudes toward the sexuality of elderly people by gender and developmental periods. Materials and Method: A total of 206 young adults aged 18-27 years and 127 older adults aged 60-86 years participated in this study. "The Aging Sexuality Knowledge and Attitudes Scale" and Sociod...
Article
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Dialectical perspectives have had an ambiguous history in European thought in the past two centuries. Having become established in the late eighteenth century by J. G. Fichte and G. W. Hegel as a philosophical system, the dialectical perspective episodically entered into other sciences (psychology, sociology) while being “politically kidnapped” in...
Article
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The Zurich Project on the Social Development from Childhood to Adulthood (z-proso) began in 2004 in response to the need for a better evidence base to support optimal child social development and prevent crime and violence. Since then, the study has tracked the development of a diverse sample of youths ( N = 1,675 in the target sample; ~50% female)...
Article
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Zusammenfassung Dieser Beitrag der Zeitschrift Gruppe. Interaktion. Organisation. (GIO) thematisiert die Erfahrungen, die Jugendliche in Deutschland während der Corona-Pandemie gemacht haben, aus einer Zeit-bezogenen Perspektive. Dazu wird ein Verständnis von Zeit angelegt, mit welchem Biografien als gesellschaftlich geordnete Strukturmuster versta...
Article
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Introduction: The paths of medically assisted reproduction represent the most important scientific progress to cope with the inability to achieve spontaneous conception (SC) and to reach desired parenthood. Couples undergoing assisted reproductive technology (ART) and couples not facing ovulation induction and artificial fertilization show suffici...
Article
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Rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) are among the most extensively studied of nonhuman primates. This species has been the subject of many investigations concerning basic primate biology and behavior, including studies of social organization, developmental psychology, physiology, endocrinology, and neurodevelopment. Rhesus macaques are also critically...
Article
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We propose an account of cognitive tools that takes into account the process of enculturation by which tools are integrated into our cognitive systems. Drawing on work in cultural evolution and developmental psychology, we argue that cognitive tools are complex entities consisting of physical objects, representational systems, and cognitive practic...
Article
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Adolescence is a period characterized by developmental, psychological, and psychosocial alterations, with a major impact on youths’ attitudes and perceptions. Adolescents with asthma may not comply with treatment and may develop risky behaviors, including smoking, vaping, and other substance use, leading to unanticipated exacerbations and consequen...
Conference Paper
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What is personal identity and what is professional identity? How is professional identity constructed and how does it relate to the personal identity of each subject? The authors present the different authors who have dealt with these questions, from a psychosociological and sociological perspective, based on research in developmental psychology (Z...
Article
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Trata-se da apresentação de resultados parciais de uma pesquisa concluída financiada pela Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP). Objetivou-se refletir sobre a obra de Carol Gilligan no tocante das críticas que teceu às teorias psicológicas do desenvolvimento, sobretudo da teoria do desenvolvimento moral de Lawrence Kohlberg,...
Presentation
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Meta-analyses are costly to conduct, often impossible to reanalyze, and outdated as soon as a new study emerges. How can we lower these hurdles, make data more accessible to researchers, and transform meta-analyses into a living resource? MetaLab (https://metalab.stanford.edu/) is an interactive platform that hosts community-augmented meta-analyses...
Article
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Children's naïve theories about causal regularities enable them to differentiate factual narratives describing real events and characters from fictional narratives describing made-up events and characters (Corriveau, Kim, Schwalen, & Harris, Cognition 113 (2): 213-225, 2009). But what happens when children are consistently presented with accounts o...
Conference Paper
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This research paper deals with one central question as to how our philosophical assumptions guide our research. The paper starts by explaining key words in educational research and educational research philosophy: paradigm, ontology, epistemology and methodology. It is crucial to the discussion of ontology, epistemology and methodology to show how...
Article
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The article studies the diversity of ideas on the role of childhood in human fate in the work On man, his death and immortality (1792-1796) by A. N. Radishchev. The author pays particular attention to the main features of the moral ideal of a human being which, from the point of view of the Enlightenment writer, should be achieved through upbringin...
Article
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During the last decade, a new stream of thought has emerged focusing leader development across the lifespan of an individual. As it is suggested in some studies, participation in childhood organized sport may influent the development of the leader, that is why arises the necessity to study the sport trajectory in a sample of managers compared with...
Article
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Due to aging populations and the prolonging of working lives, the number of senior workers will increase. Therefore, this study investigates the use of SOC strategies (Selection, Optimization, and Compensation) across organizational levels as a means for senior workers to maintain workability and age successfully at work. The need to expand the per...
Article
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Autism in Malaysia is growing but the level of understanding of this real yet complicated spectrum of disorders is at a critical stage. Many children who are diagnosed with Autism or Asperger Syndrome are left in the hands of caregivers and teachers who have yet to understand this disorder from the perspective of developmental psychology. It is thr...
Article
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A hatékony oktatás egyik kulcseleme a Köznevelési Törvény szerint az életkori sajátosságoknak megfelelő tanítás, így az oktatási tartalmak és módszerek tervezése során az életkori jellemzők ismerete fontos kiindulási pontot jelent. Ez helyénvalónak tűnik, de vajon az-e valójában? A különböző kognitív képességek átlagos szintjének vizsgálatára irány...
Article
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Objective: Research on associations between parents' personality and parenting has a long history, but mechanisms that explain them remain unsettled. We examined parents' explicit and implicit negative Internal Working Models (IWMs) of the child, assessed at toddler age, as linking parental personality and parenting. Method: Mothers and fathers...
Article
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The numerous multistable phenomena in vision, hearing and touch attest that the inner workings of perception are prone to instability. We investigated a visual example—binocular rivalry—with an accurate no-report paradigm, and uncovered developmental and maturational lifespan trajectories that were specific for age and sex. To interpret these traje...