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Publications related to Developmental Pediatrics (186)
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Article
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Background The COVID-19 outbreak has taken a heavy toll on the mental well-being of healthcare workers, even those who have not been directly involved in the care of acutely ill patients. The aims of this study were to identify the overall burden and mental health status of healthcare workers in pediatric developmental services under the influence...
Article
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Background: Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder occurring in children. Each child on the spectrum has different behaviors. Objective: To identify different types of repetitive behaviors in patients with autism spectrum disorder. Methods: This study was carried out at the Children's hospital, The Institute of Child Health Centr...
Article
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Current pediatric practice guidelines recommend children with complex attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) receive a psychological evaluation. However, obtaining such an evaluation in a timely manner can be difficult. The authors present a framework for an economical, efficient, and efficacious approach to diagnosing complex ADHD based o...
Article
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Background Early intervention delivered through telehealth is critically needed during crises, particularly for children in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). We aimed to determine the applicability of the international Guide for Monitoring Child Development (GMCD) intervention delivered through telehealth during the COVID-19 lockdown in Turk...
Conference Paper
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Development: It is the changes and continuity in human behaviour over time depending on biological and environmental effects. Development in early childhood has a faster development course compared to other ages. For this reason, it is considered very important to regularly monitor the development of children between the ages of 0-6, where developm...
Article
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Objective: To find the sleep problems in children who are diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder between the age ranges from 3 to 12 years. Study Design: Cross-sectional Observational study. Setting: Department of the Developmental Pediatrics Children Hospital Lahore and Department of Occupational Therapy, Rising Sun, Lahore. Period: February 2017...
Article
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Yuxi Jia,1,2 Ping Li,3 Fei Wu,4 Fanjie Zeng,3 Beilin Zhang,5 Jinpeng Wang6 1Application Demonstration Center of Precision Medicine Molecular Diagnosis, The Second Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, 130041, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Orthopedics, The Second Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, 130041, People’s Republic of C...
Article
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Background Developmental-behavioral issues are among the most frequent and disabling conditions of children and adolescents seen in ambulatory settings. Guidelines of the Israeli Pediatric Association and the Israeli Society for Developmental Pediatrics specify the role of the primary-care pediatrician in screening and early identification of mild...
Article
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Improvements in technology used for genetic testing have yielded an increased numbers of variants that are identified, each with a potential to return uninformative results. While some genetics providers may expect patients to be responsible for staying abreast of updates to their genetic testing results, it is unknown whether patients are even awa...
Article
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We present a rare case of an 8-year-old male with Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome (KTS) and a Chiari I malformation (CIM). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to investigate facial asymmetry and speech delay at age two revealed CIM with cerebellar tonsils 1.3 cm below the foramen magnum without syringomyelia. The patient underwent a craniectomy and posteri...
Article
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Background/aim: Physicians require information on the family centeredness of services for children with Down syndrome, one of the most frequently encountered disabilities in childhood. We aimed to determine the family-centeredness of services for young children with Down syndrome and using a bioecological theory framework we hypothesized that chil...
Article
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Background: Automated emotion classification could aid those who struggle to recognize emotions, including children with developmental behavioral conditions such as autism. However, most computer vision emotion recognition models are trained on adult emotion and therefore underperform when applied to child faces. Objective: We designed a strateg...
Preprint
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Background: Pediatricians globally are in critical need of tools enabling comprehensive information about children and families while also saving face-to-face time. This study examined the applicability of the expanded version of the Guide for Monitoring Child Development (GMCD), a free-of-charge tool used in over 30 countries.The Expanded GMCD is...
Article
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A typical presentation of a foreign body aspiration (FBA) in a child includes witnessed choking, respiratory distress, cyanosis, coughing, wheezing, diminished breath sounds, and/or altered mental status. Following an extensive literature review, we found pneumothorax occurring secondary to FBA is a rare occurrence and should elicit prompt treatmen...
Article
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Background: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders and has a big impact on the well-being of children. The disorder can lead to noticeable functional limitations for children and bio-ecological factors also contribute to symptoms of ADHD. We aimed to investigate the associations betwe...
Article
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Background: The relation between maternal responsiveness and language development has been shown in previous literature however it is difficult to evaluate responsiveness because of the difficulties involved when coding the specific patterns of parent-child interactions. The maternal responsiveness global rating scale is important because it requi...
Presentation
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Learning Objectives: 1: To review the epidemiology of Zika/TORCH infections and reported neurodevelopmental outcomes – literature review of recent evidence 2: To apply the ICF as a guiding framework to address needs of pediatric populations affected by congenital infections in studies in LMIC settings 3: To describe what areas of functioning and di...
Article
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Objective: To find the clinical profile of speech disorders in children with cerebral palsy at our center from Lahore, Pakistan. Methodology: This observational study was carried out at Department of Developmental Pediatrics, Children Hospital and Institute of Child Health, Lahore from June 2016 to Dec 2016. Sample size was 153 patients of cerebral...
Article
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Physicians must function as integral members of the complex social systems in which they work to support the health of their patients; competency-based education frameworks describe this function of physicians in terms of systems- based practice, advocacy, and collaboration. Yet education for these social competencies continues to present challenge...
Conference Paper
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Aim The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of feeding problems in premature infants and to investigate the relationship between growth, development and maternal depression. Methods The study included 58 premature infants who were admitted to the Developmental Pediatrics Clinic between February-August 2018. Feeding problems obtained f...
Article
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The Autism Mental Status Exam (AMSE) is a brief clinician-completed observational instrument that has shown promise in identifying autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in a referred sample. Our study explores the feasibility of the AMSE in both developmental pediatric and primary care samples. Fifty-three toddlers with ASD and other disabilities were sco...
Conference Paper
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A personal reflection on working in Social Pediatrics in Germany and Developmental Pediatrics in Ontario/Canada, covering education, team structure, policies and their challenges and solutions.
Article
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Background Inefficient diagnostic practices for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may contribute to longer wait times, delaying access to intervention. The objectives were to describe the diagnostic practices of Canadian pediatricians and to identify determinants of longer wait time for ASD diagnosis. Methods An online survey was conducted through th...
Article
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Children born at a very low gestational age, even those without neurosensory damages, are at risk of linguistic disorders. This longitudinal study aimed at analyzing communicative and language abilities in preterm children during their second year of life, through a standardized questionnaire, with particular attention to the communicative and lang...
Article
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Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is caused by a full mutation on the FMR1 gene and a subsequent lack of FMRP, the protein product of FMR1. FMRP plays a key role in regulating the translation of many proteins involved in maintaining neuronal synaptic connections; its deficiency may result in a range of intellectual disabilities, social deficits, psychiatric...
Article
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This article focuses on some aspects of recent progress in the neurobiology and treatment of bipolar disorder (BD) in adults. A molecular-genetic approach to the etiopathogenesis of the illness resulted in the findings of a genetic overlap between BD and other major psychiatric disorders. Furthermore, a poly-gene-environmental interaction in the de...
Article
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Objectives: Over the past two decades, there has been tremendous growth in research regarding bipolar disorder (BD) among children and adolescents (ie, pediatric BD [PBD]). The primary purpose of this article is to distill the extant literature, dispel myths or exaggerated assertions in the field, and disseminate clinically relevant findings. Met...
Article
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Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant is a curative procedure for many patients with leukemia, lymphoma, myelodysplasia, myeloproliferative neoplasms, and genetic disorders. Umbilical cord blood transplantation is a graft source for patients who do not have a matched donor in their family or in the unrelated registry. It is particularly difficul...
Article
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The study of perinatal mental health (mental health during pregnancy and postpartum) is a complex field of study that is of major importance both for the mental and physical health of new mothers and for the neurobehavioral development and long-term functioning of the children they bear. In this review, we cover the most recent additions to this ra...
Article
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Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a multi-system disorder resulting from mutations in either the TSC1 or TSC2 genes leading to hyperactivation of mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling. TSC is commonly associated with autism (61%), intellectual disability (45%), and behavioral, psychiatric, intellectual, academic, neuropsychological, an...
Article
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Major depressive disorder is one of the leading causes of disability in the world since depression is highly frequent and causes a strong burden. In order to reduce the duration of depressive episodes, clinicians would need to choose the most effective therapy for each individual right away. A prerequisite for this would be to have biomarkers at ha...
Article
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Background: The N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) is an ionotropic glutamate receptor that has important roles in synaptogenesis, synaptic transmission, and synaptic plasticity. Recently, a large number of rare genetic variants have been found in NMDAR subunits in people with neurodevelopmental disorders, and also in healthy individuals. One su...
Article
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Portfolios have re-emerged as a means of addressing the complex assessment challenges in postgraduate programs as we transition to competency-based medical education (CBME). However, implementing electronic portfolios (e-portfolios) can be a daunting task. In this paper, we aim to provide guidance to program directors and administrators who are tas...
Article
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Background Social pediatrics teaches pediatric residents how to understand disease within their patients’ social, environmental and political contexts. It’s an essential component of pediatric residency training; however there is very little literature that addresses how such a broad-ranging topic can be taught effectively. The aim of this study wa...
Article
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A papilomatose laríngea, doença rara potencialmente fatal, carateriza-se pela proliferação de papilomas no trato respiratório, múltiplos, recorrentes, cuja etiologia é a infeção por papilomavírus humano (HPV). Menina, 21 meses, filha de mãe com serologia positiva para vírus da imunodeficiência humana (VIH) e HPV. Em acompanhamento nas consultas de...
Conference Paper
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The workshop will use case examples and videos to illustrate the common feeding problems in children with diverse forms of disability and demonstrate strategies involving desensitization, food chaining and behavioural techniques. All presenters are members of the Eating and Feeding Consult Team (EFCT) of the Developmental Pediatric Rehabilitation (...
Article
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Intellectual disability is the most common developmental disorder characterized by a congenital limitation in intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior. It often co-occurs with other mental conditions like attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorder, and can be part of a malformation syndrome that affects other organs...
Article
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A brief report about the First International Developmental Pediatrics Congress with reflections on the role of the discipline for Low and Middle-Income, highlighting the need for developmental monitoring, a bio-psycho-social approach and interprofessional collaboration.
Article
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We report the case of a 10 year old patient diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and comorbid video game addiction, who was treated with medication combined with a novel cognitive training method based on video games called TCT method. A great risk of developing video game or internet addiction has been reported in childre...
Article
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Screening for developmental delays among HIV-infected children is not routine in most pediatric HIV clinics in Africa because of the lack of locally adaptable, simple, sensitive and rapid screening tools. The Division of Developmental Pediatrics of the Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital developed a tool for rapid screening of moderate to se...
Article
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Background: There are growing concerns about developmental, behavioural, social and emotional wellbeing of children throughout the world. A huge gap exists between the instructions provided on medical disciplines and on areas of Developmental-Behavioural Pediatrics (DBP) during pediatric training in our region. Objective: This study aims to eval...
Article
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Objective: Premature babies may encounter problems at different levels in language, cognitive, social-emotional, relation and motor development. The developmental status of these infants is not only associated with their birth weight, gestational age, perinatal risks and health status but also with individualized nurturing care and appropriate stim...
Article
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In recent decades, technical advances and improved medical treatment have resulted in better perinatal care, leading to significantly higher survival rates in high-risk newborns. Regarding long-term outcomes, the prevalence of neurodevelopmental deficits varies greatly depending on country and the sociodemographic background of the study population...
Article
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On May 23 and 24, 2013, the First PANS Consensus Conference was convened at Stanford University, calling together a geographically diverse group of clinicians and researchers from complementary fields of pediatrics: General and developmental pediatrics, infectious diseases, immunology, rheumatology, neurology, and child psychiatry. Participants wer...
Article
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Background: Prior brain imaging and autopsy studies have suggested that structural abnormalities of the basal ganglia (BG) nuclei may be present in Tourette Syndrome (TS). These studies have focused mainly on the volume differences of the BG structures and not their anatomical shapes. Shape differences of various brain structures have been demonstr...
Article
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Rett syndrome is a neurological disorder caused by mutations in the MECP2 gene. MeCP2 transcripts are alternatively spliced to generate two protein isoforms (MeCP2_e1 and MeCP2_e2) that differ at their N-termini. Whilst mRNAs for both forms are expressed ubiquitously, the one for MeCP2_e1 is more abundant than for MeCP2_e2 in the central nervous sy...
Article
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The development and compounding of pharmacotherapeutic formulations that are suitable for infants and young children can be a challenging problem. This problem results from the lack of knowledge on the acceptability of different dosage forms and formulations in children in relation to age and developmental status, as well as the lack of reliable do...
Article
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Inadequate vitamin D level is associated with various adverse medical outcomes. There is a growing concern that insufficient vitamin D may play a role in the development of psychiatric symptoms. This study aims to answer the question: do children with mental disorders have a higher prevalence of hypovitaminosis D? A retrospective chart review exami...
Article
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To evaluate factors influencing stereoacuity after surgery to correct unilateral developmental pediatric cataracts. We retrospectively surveyed 110 patients who had undergone removal of unilateral acquired developmental cataracts and primary posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation between February 1992 and December 2009. In all patients, st...
Article
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Prospective follow-up studies on long term effects of pre- and perinatal adverse conditions in adulthood are rare. We will continue to follow the prospective cohort of initially 1196 subjects with predefined at-delivery risk factors out of 22,359 consecutive deliveries during 1971-74 at a single maternity hospital. The risk cohort and 93 controls h...
Article
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Objectives: To explore how pediatric residents apply their knowledge of relevance in their oral case presentations to the unfamiliar context of a chronic care setting, that of developmental pediatrics. Methods: Pediatric resident oral case presentations were observed and semi-structured interviews were conducted with residents and staff development...
Article
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Autism impacts the lives of the family looking after a child with the condition in different ways, and forces family members to modify their daily lives to suit their reality. To our knowledge, no previous research investigated concern and considerations of parents/caregivers of children with autism in Qatar or the Arabic speaking Middle Eastern re...
Article
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Objectives: The high frequency of learning difficulties, attention disorders or developmental delay in children in the early years of schooling has resulted in a greater demand for pediatric services. Such services generally include assessments covering various specialties, are lengthy and often inaccessible to families due to prohibitively high co...
Article
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Laboratory of Developmental Pediatrics and Special Education, Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece The purpose of this study was to estimate and compare gross motor ability of children aged 7 to 10 years, all from Roma minority families (Romas, Roma immigrants) and families of indigenous G...
Article
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There are numerous multidisciplinary spina bifida (SB) clinics (typically including urology, orthopedics, neurosurgery, developmental pediatrics, physiatry, nursing, social work, and physical and occupational therapy) throughout the U.S. Many SB clinics have a nurse coordinator. The coordinator's role is truly multifaceted. It goes far beyond coord...
Article
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In this report we describe the outcome of a consensus meeting that occurred at the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland, March 12 through 14, 2005. The meeting brought together 39 specialists from multiple clinical and research disciplines including developmental pediatrics, neurology, neurosurgery, orthopedic surgery, physical thera...
Article
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Objectives: We examined the correlation of parent evaluations with therapeutic progress for a group of 85 patients receiving outpatient therapy at the Sozialpädiatrisches Zentrum (Center for Developmental Pediatrics and Child Neurology) in Ulm University. Method: The Fragebogen zur Behandlungszufriedenheit (Questionnaire on treatment satisfaction)...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to assess the content validity of the Harris Infant Neuromotor Test (HINT), a new screening tool designed to detect early signs of cognitive and neuromotor delays in infants with known risk factors. A multidisciplinary panel of 26 international experts, including researchers and clinicians in physical therapy, occupati...
Article
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A comparison of parent, teacher, and child performance rating scales in the diagnosis and follow-up of methylphenidate treated children with ADDH is reported from Developmental Pediatrics, San Antonio, TX; Department of Pediatrics, Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, WA; and Department of Pediatrics, William Beaumont Army Medical Cener, El Paso, T...
Article
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The reading performance of two right-handed teenage girls who had undergone hemispherectomy for intractable epilepsy was examined at the MRC Applied Psychology Unit, Cambridge, the Department of Developmental Pediatrics, Institute of Child Health and Department of Psychological Medicine, Hospital for Sick Children, and the Neurosurgical Unit, Mauds...
Article
Background Children with complex developmental needs may require assistance from a developmental pediatric specialist to complete specialized assessments, treatments, and therapies. Despite reports of large waiting lists at many academic centres, there is no workforce information regarding developmental pediatric care in Canada. Prior surveys of th...
Article
Background The cavum septum pellucidum (CSP) is a normal anatomical cavity found in the mid-brain of the fetus and is routinely imaged at the time of mid-pregnancy obstetrical ultrasound as part of anatomic survey. Presence of the CSP reflects intact intrahemispheric connections and an intact corpus callosum. The CSP space then closes by the time o...
Article
Introduction It is known that sleep medicine is a relatively young subspeciality when compared to other more establish subspecialities, such as cardiology or intensive care medicine. The field gained noticeable recognition following the introduction of positive pressure therapy as a noninvasive method to treat obstructive sleep apnea in 1981. That...
Article
Der Autor des vorliegenden Buches ist der erfahrene Schweizer Kinder- und Jugendarzt und außerordentliche Professor für Entwicklungspädiatrie an der Universität Zürich Oscar Jenni. Ihm gelingt es hier, die kindliche Entwicklung sowohl für Lernende und Berufsanfänger als auch für erfahrene Therapeuten in der Pädiatrie umfassend darzustellen.
Article
OBJECTIVE Craniosynostosis is characterized by the premature fusion of at least one cranial suture. Although evidence suggests that patients with both syndromic and nonsyndromic craniosynostosis may benefit from developmental, behavioral, and mental health support, data on utilization of healthcare services are lacking. In this study the authors co...
Article
Violence and abuse in competitive sports, such as physical and emotional abuse, physical and emotional neglect and sexual abuse, affect children, adolescents and adults alike and lead to severe physical, psychological and social consequences. In current medical and educational care concepts of athletes, there is a lack of consistent integration of...
Article
The transition to personalized, predictive, preventive and participatory medicine, due, among other things, to the achievements of fundamental science, digitalization and the development of information and communication technologies, naturally demanded changes in childrens health care. New organizational, methodological and technological changes th...
Article
Purpose: Neurogenic bowel dysfunction (NBD) affects 80% of individuals with spina bifida. Performing and disseminating research on NBD to reach the appropriate audience is difficult given the variability among medical specialties managing NBD. This study aimed to identify which medical specialties and types of providers are currently managing NBD...
Article
Das Buch vermittelt Kinder- und Jugendärzten sowie Fachleuten aus Gesundheitsberufen, Pädagogik und Psychologie anschaulich und prägnant das Wissen über die kindliche Entwicklung von der Geburt bis zum Erwachsenenalter. Zahlreiche Fallbeispiele aus allen Altersgruppen stellen handlungsrelevante Bezüge zum beruflichen Alltag der verschiedenen Diszip...
Article
Clinical problem: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) typically receive care from multiple specialty providers including Developmental Pediatrics, Orthopedics, Physical Medicine, Occupational Therapy, Physical Therapy, Speech Therapy, Clinical Social Work, Clinical Nutrition, Nursing and Orthotists, which often require many individual visits to the...
Article
Background Research has supported a relationship between sleep problems and day-time behavior and mental health for young children with autism. Fewer studies have investigated these relationships across young children to adolescents. Method This study analyzed data retrieved from a sleep and behavior data base constructed from information obtained...
Article
The "Pediatric Dose Selection" workshop was held in October 2020 and sponsored by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the University of Maryland Center for Excellence in Regulatory Science and Innovation. A summary of the presentations in the context of pediatric drug development is summarized in this article.
Article
Background Bladder and bowel dysfunction (BBD) is a common pediatric problem that describes a constellation of lower urinary tract symptoms associated with constipation and/or encopresis. Its association with neurodevelopmental and psychiatric (NDP) problems is not well understood. Objectives Our primary aim was to identify pre-existing NDP disord...
Article
In recent years, there has been discussion of the need for training behavior analysts in collaboration skills. There is some consensus that these skills are needed to improve outcomes with clients and with colleagues. Specifically, students of behavior analysis and behavior-analytic practitioners need to learn the skills associated with functioning...
Article
Introduction: The Centro de Estudos do Bebé e da Criança in Hospital Dona Estefânia has organized a multidisciplinary model for children under three with suspected autism spectrum disorder, thus implementing the recent guidelines established by the Directorate General for Health. The aim of this study is to describe this model and case series. Ma...
Chapter
Because of the widening access gap between evidence-supported child behavioral interventions and access to these services across clinical child psychology, pediatric psychology, and applied behavior analysis and developmental medicine, the need for technology-enabled solutions is growing. The evidence continues to support the use of videoconferenci...
Article
Background: Excessive screen viewing and background TV exposure are common problems all over the world. Therefore, intervention studies have gained importance. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of family-based, developmental pediatrics clinic setting counseling in reducing screen time in typically developing children and to compare...
Poster
International Developmental Pediatrics Association conference,,Manila
Preprint
BACKGROUND Automated emotion classification could aid those who struggle to recognize emotion, including children with developmental behavioral conditions such as autism. However, most computer vision emotion recognition models are trained on adult affect and therefore underperform when used on child faces. OBJECTIVE We designed a strategy to gami...
Article
Objectives: To determine the neurodevelopmental status in children with congenital hypothyroidism. Study Design: Cross Sectional Study. Setting: Department of Pediatric Endocrine and Developmental Pediatrics Outpatient at The Children’s Hospital and The Institute of the Child Health (CHICH) Multan. Period: January to December 2019. Material & Metho...
Article
Objectives The association between autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and epilepsy is well-known. Abnormalities on electroencephalography (EEG) studies have been reported in patients with ASD without a history of seizures, and these patients have lower functional scores on adaptive measures than patients with ASD with normal EEG studies. The purpose of...
Article
Objective: To inform professionals pioneering developmental-behavioral pediatrics (DBP) services in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), we aimed to examine referral trends in 2 pioneering DBP centers at different locations in Turkey and to ascertain whether the official establishment of DBP as a subspecialty affected these trends. Method:...
Article
Introduction/Background Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder resulting in challenges with social communication, sensory differences, and repetitive and restricted patterns of behavior. ASD affects approximately 1 in 66 children in North America, with boys being affected four times more frequently than girls. Currently, di...