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Development Economics - Science topic

Development economics is a branch of economics which deals with economic aspects of the development process in low-income countries.
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Publications related to Development Economics (10,000)
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The recent fast global spread of COVID-19 caused by a severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) questions why and how the disease managed to be so effective against existing health protection measures. These measures, developed by many countries over centuries and strengthened over the last decades, proved to be ineffective again...
Book
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The book provides a comprehensive conceptual understanding covering major challenges and pathways to progressively promote inclusive development in Bangladesh. Since independence in 1971, Bangladesh has achieved significant economic growth and social progress, but the benefits have not been shared equitably across all groups in society and there i...
Article
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Institutions are vital for solving collective action problems and enabling functioning markets. Based on this notion, the institutional voids literature has offered a dynamic research agenda for international business scholarship. In this perspective article, we leverage work from political science, development economics, legal studies, and anthrop...
Article
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In this paper, we empirically examine the association between sustainable development, adjusted net savings, financial development, economic growth and resources rent, using panel ordinary least squares technique, and panel generalized method of moments for a yearly panel data of three South Asia emerging economies, during the period of study from...
Conference Paper
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ملخص البحث: يعتبر التعليم بكافة مراحله عامة والتعليم الجامعي خاصة من أهم المتغيرات التي تسعى الى تطوير هذه المنظومة في سبيل تحقيق التنمية الاجتماعية والاقتصادية، ولا يكون ذلك إلا من خلال تنمية العنصر البشري والاستثمار فيه، لما له من أهمية في تطور المجتمع وازهاره يتناسب ومتغيرات العصر، وتحقيق الطموحات والحصول على العوائد الاجتماعية والاقتصادية، لهذ...
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Economic growth target management is a government behavior that the authorities formulate at a specific time and direct the allocation of resources. Despite the importance of socio-economic development, economic growth targets have caused some potential hazards to the environment that cannot be ignored. Using a panel dataset of 278 prefecture-level...
Article
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Este livro reúne ensaios sobre questões de teoria e política econômica, escritos por ex-colegas, alunos e amigos, em homenagem a Fabio Erber. Objetiva-se, além de realçar as qualidades de seu legado, atualizar o debate sobre os temas centrais que o preocuparam e que até hoje são analisados. O livro apresenta também um interesse histórico por mostra...
Article
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A shadow professoriate influences an increasing amount of development economics activity. Badly conceived hiring, pay, and promotion rules, as well as the money-seeking politics institutionalizing these rules, allow self-interested development economists to use its services and join its ranks. My essay uses tools from institutional economics to und...
Technical Report
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This publication is a technical report by the Bureau for Food and Agricultural Policy (BFAP) commissioned by Berries South Africa (BerriesZA). We detail our development of economic models for the industry and provide critical insights into the functioning of blueberry markets and what to expect in the next decade.
Article
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Published in: Perspectivas: Revista Científica de la Universidad de Belgrano. ISSN: 2618-2246 // The present paper studies the relationship among two variables that are often used as indicators of development-GDP per capita, Human Development Index (HDI)-with respect to the five pillars of Global Sustainable Competitiveness Index (GSCI), namely N...
Conference Paper
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Transcorridos 20 anos de vigência do Estatuto da Cidade (Lei 10.257/01)-grande marco na legislação urbanística brasileira-urge refletir quais foram as conquistas alcançadas neste campo e quais desafios reverberam no tempo presente. Dentre algumas temáticas que se destacam, é de suma importância pensar no papel que as múltiplas tecnologias podem exe...
Article
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Ecosystem services (ES) can mitigate ecological risks (ER), yet these services can also be affected by ER. Based on land use data, socioeconomic data, landscape index, and spatial analysis techniques such as spatial autocorrelation, we study the spatial and temporal characteristics of ES and ER in the Yangtze River Delta from 2000 to 2019. The conc...
Article
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This study disentangles the relationships that exist between the four indicators of corporate sustainable development: economic, environmental, social, and governance. We account for the potential bidirectionality of the relationships, control for the dynamic nature of the sustainability process, and address the endogeneity problem to appropriately...
Chapter
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Neste livro buscou-se condensar leituras de realidades e contextos de alcance simultâneo desde o contexto econômico mais prospero até aqueles cujos objetivos ambientais inerentes à ignição sustentável dos objetivos do desenvolvimento sustentável) fossem os mais difíceis. Os “contratempos” do crescimento econômico, a redução, e a reutilização de rec...
Article
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Cannabis breeders are combining several genes to develop economically valuable fiber, seed, and medicinal hemp. This study analyzed the characteristics and selection of traits based on cannabidiol production of medicinal cannabis lines successfully grown under artificial light and nutrient solution cultivation conditions in smart farm conditions. S...
Chapter
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Neste livro buscou-se condensar leituras de realidades e contextos de alcance simultâneo desde o contexto econômico mais prospero até aqueles cujos objetivos ambientais inerentes à ignição sustentável dos objetivos do desenvolvimento sustentável) fossem os mais difíceis. Os “contratempos” do crescimento econômico, a redução, e a reutilização de rec...
Article
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Streszczenie Turystyka jest jedną prężnie rozwijających się dziedzin gospodarki. Zależnie od kraju przyrost docho-dów jest zróżnicowany. Pandemia Covid-19, która rozpoczęła się pod koniec 2019 roku w Chinach rozprzestrzeniła się na cały świat. Polska początkowo nie miała dużo przypadków chorobowych jed-nak kolejne fale powodowały większą zachorowal...
Research
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The study was carried out to assess and examine the macroeconomic determinates of inflation in Ethiopia. In addition to this the macroeconomic variables which determined inflation in the country are the main objective of the study. We estimate models of inflation to identify the importance of factors contribution to inflation and three of its major...
Conference Paper
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Entrepreneurship is the key to India's development. It is important as it utilized local resources, employment and rural development. This paper examines the impact of financial development, economic development and foreign investment on entrepreneurial development measured by production per MSME and fixed investment per MSME for the period of 1992...
Book
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Como pensar o território na Amazônia? Como entender os processos contemporâneos de urbanização na Amazônia brasileira? De que forma construir perspectivas de desenvolvimento mais inclusivo, justo e sustentável? Perguntas-chave que permitem diversas possibilidades de leituras e ações. A Região Metropolitana de Manaus surge em 2007 como um recorte te...
Article
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O mercado atual demanda das organizações uma nova orientação mercadológica, capaz de alinhar o desenvolvimento econômico à responsabilização social e ambiental, contexto no qual se desponta o marketing verde. O trabalho teve como objetivo analisar como as micro e pequenas empresas de cosméticos sustentáveis da cidade de São Paulo empregam (ou não)...
Preprint
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In recent years, the "EOD" (Ecology Oriented Development) model orientation has received more and more attention. As a way to effectively solve environmental engineering funds without increasing the government's debt burden, the model has gradually matured and policy formulation has become more intensive. Financial products are also becoming more a...
Article
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The level of development of industrial enterprises is related to a country’s or region’s overall competitiveness. It is critical to assess the green innovation efficiency of regional industrial enterprises scientifically and effectively in order to improve a country’s overall green innovation capability. The green innovation system is divided into...
Article
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Sustainable development system is a “black box,” or at least a “grey box,” and it is not very clear whether there is a causal relationship between various factors. Artificial neural network can simulate the system realistically. In this paper, the artificial neural network BP model is used as a tool, and Matlab language is used to predict the index...
Preprint
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ABSTRACT Different types of food products are developed or modification is necessary for a developing economic source of individuals and country as people get involved more and more in their work schedules. The limitation of time leads the people to eat processed and unhygienic or unhealthy food so the development of nutritious snacks is the requir...
Conference Paper
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Um dos principais desafios da atualidade é a conciliação entre o desenvolvimento econômico, a justiça social e a sustentabilidade ambiental na busca pelo desenvolvimento saudável e equilibrado de cidades, a partir da compreensão de que os recursos do planeta são finitos e a conscientização de nossos impactos no âmbito ambiental e social. O objetivo...
Article
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Purpose The study explores the current public sector accountability practices in sub-Saharan African region. Specifically, this study assesses whether accountability is related to integrity, internal control system and leadership in the public sector of a developing country. Design/methodology/approach Structural equation model (SEM) is used to pr...
Conference Paper
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Aborda-se a temática da urbanização das cidades pequenas, em suas dinâmicas econômicas e interações espaciais, e em sua relação com o desenvolvimento regional. A urbanização brasileira revela desiguais processos de concentração da população, bens e serviços, e de desenvolvimento econômico e socioespacial nas suas cidades. O objetivo é analisar as d...
Chapter
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Teaching and Learning International Survey (TALIS), promovida pela Organização para a Cooperação e Desenvolvimento Económico (OCDE), baseia-se nas opiniões e reflexões de professores e diretores de escolas do ensino médio, cujo principal objetivo é gerar informações comparáveis internacionalmente relevantes para o desenvolvimento e implementaçã...
Book
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Ficha Técnica Projeto da World-Transforming Technologies (WTT), com aplicação do framework de trabalho do Centro de Orquestração de Inovações (COI) e apoio da Konrad Adenauer Stiftung (KAS) e do Instituto Clima e Sociedade (iCS). REALIZAÇÃO World-Transforming Technologies (WTT) LIDERANÇA Andre Wongtschowski e Gaston Kremer (WTT) ESTUDO E COORDE...
Article
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Fiscal decentralization (FD), as an institutional arrangement for the fiscal division between central and local governments, gives local governments the enthusiasm and autonomy to provide public products and services. With the dominance of environmental governance, how local governments can avoid intergovernmental “race to the bottom” issues throug...
Preprint
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The concept of circular economy has two types of bearings for different SDGs, direct and indirect bearings. There are seven SDGs (SDG-2 Zero Hunger, SDG 6 Clean Water and Sanitation, SDG 7 Affordable and Clean Energy, SDG 8 Decent Work and Economic Growth, SDG 12 Responsible Consumption and Production, SDG 15 Life on Land, SDG 17 Partnership for th...
Article
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O texto analisa o processo histórico do planejamento após a Segunda Guerra Mundial na América Latina, com foco nas políticas sociais desenvolvimentistas, no recorte entre 1945-1970. Examina como se organizou uma agenda de ações comuns entre os Estados e Organismos Multilaterais. Tem como projeto principal analisado a Aliança para o Progresso e suas...
Article
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The article identifies and substantiates the pedagogical conditions that have effective impact on the success of the process of developing economic colleges' teaching staff legal competence. It was highlighted that appropriate measures should be taken in order to ensure the necessary conditions for successful educational process aimed at developing...
Article
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No atual cenário econômico mundial, há dois importantes fatores interagindo entre si: o desenvolvimento econômico e a religião, sendo que esta pode desempenhar um papel de influência sobre o outro. No contexto econômico, ganham destaque o grupo de países que formam o BRICS, composto por Brasil, Rússia, Índia, China e África do Sul. Diante disso, o...
Chapter
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Dia 07 de junho de 2002 foi comemorado o Dia Mundial da Segurança de Alimentos (World Food Safety Day) com o lema “Alimentos seguros, mais saúde” para relacionar a segurança dos alimentos à saúde humana, desenvolvimento econômico, agricultura, acesso a mercados, turismo e desenvolvimento sustentável.34 Neste evento duas estratégias foram afirmadas:...
Article
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Cultivated land resources are crucial to food security and economic development. Exploring the spatiotemporal pattern of cultivated land non-agriculturalization and its drivers is a prerequisite for cultivated land conservation. This paper used GlobeLand30 data to reveal the spatial and temporal pattern, the shift of the gravity center and the driv...
Conference Paper
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Development Economics
Article
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As a developed economic region in China, the problem of heavy metals (HMs) pollution in the Yangtze River Delta has become increasingly prominent. As an important evergreen broad-leaved tree species in southern China, the camphor tree cannot only be used as a street tree but also its various tissues and organs can be used as raw materials for Chine...
Article
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This paper raises a fundamental question about Sub-Saharan Africa: has urbanization there been accompanied by improvements in personal wellbeing? It then proceeds to open an investigation focused on child health—in the form of child growth failure, including ( i ) stunting; ( ii ) wasting; and ( iii ) underweight—that addresses the question. The ma...
Article
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The ‘Ten Year Economic and Social Development Plan, 1961-1970’ wasSudan’s first ever national economic programme and was initiated after the country gained its independence in 1956. The hope was to attain sustainable development within a generation. The Plan encountered many obstacles and towards the end of 1965, policy-makers abandoned it. However...
Article
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With the rapid economic development, potentially toxic elements (PTEs) are continuously migrating, transforming, and enriching in farmland through atmospheric deposition and other media, posing threats to food security and human health. At present, there are few quantitative studies on the health risks of PTEs sources in farmland. In this study, ab...
Article
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Although studies on the influencing factors of electricity consumption are rich, the focus on the relationship between financial development and electricity consumption is scarce due to the characteristics of financial sector. In fact, the financial development cannot only increase electricity consumption, but also have the spatial spillover effect...
Article
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O objetivo deste artigo é analisar o dinamismo da economia urbana e o grau de desenvolvimento socioeconômico dos municípios da região Metade Sul do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, no Brasil no período 2006 a 2016. O procedimento metodológico foi a construção de indicadores de centralidade e disparidade do desenvolvimento socioeconômico utilizando dado...
Article
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This paper starts reviewing the challenges of defining rural areas to analyze the multiple determinants for rural development. The study of sustainable development based on the importance of the rural environment, especially in Brazil, has been done in this paper through an exploratory and descriptive bibliographic research based on a group of arti...
Presentation
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Após quase meio-século de independência, a realidade económica de Moçambique revela-se um notável fracasso do desenvolvimento económico, coexistindo com um apreciável sucesso do subdesenvolvimento. Francisco defende que o inquestionável triunfo da Frelimo dependeu, nestes 47 anos, e deverá continuar a depender nas próximas décadas, da perpetuação d...
Article
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Definitely we know that now the economic growth is in peril position & our GDP is going negative. Social development is an push up of the capacity of any economy to produce goods & services. Main exploratory Factor analysis is applied for data analysis by IBM SPSS 20 to ascertain the determinants of economic development & textile industry. The stud...
Article
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The belt and road countries are mostly emerging and developing countries and heading to attain economic prosperity; however, this development process leads to ecological footprint. The factors of ecological footprint need to be identified and sound level of quality institutions might be helpful to overcome the issue of environmental degradation. Ut...
Article
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The Green Revolution still exerts an important influence on agricultural policy as a technology-centred development strategy. A main policy narrative underpinning the Green Revolution was first expounded in Transforming Traditional Agriculture (TTA), a book published in 1964 by Nobel Prize-winning economist Ted Schultz. He famously argued that trad...
Article
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The current study investigates the nexus between infrastructure development, economic growth, foreign direct investments, and trade for China’s regional trade data. It investigates to what extent infrastructure development affects regional access to international markets. Based on the Ordinary Least Square (OLS) and GMM model, this study quantifies...
Research
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The knowledge economy is a system of consumption and production that is based on intellectual capital. In particular, it refers to the ability to capitalize on scientific discoveries and basic and applied research. This has come to represent a large component of all economic activity in most developed countries and an untold part of this argument c...
Article
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West Africa underwent a malformation as it stepped into the modern world, especially since the beginning of the 20th century. This has affected coastal-hinterland relations, Saharan-Sudan relations, pastoral-sedentary relations, trans-Saharan relations and inter-Gulf of Guinea relations. It is within this paradigm that we should discuss why West Af...
Article
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This present research examined the association among carbon emissions, financial development, economic growth, natural resources, and energy usage in GCC nations within the environmental Kuznets curve framework by applying the datasets between 1995 and 2019. It used some empirical approaches, including second-generation unit roots and cointegration...
Presentation
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Delivered a guest speaker session for the students of "Basic Econometrics."
Article
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The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is a significant and inaugural project of the "Belt and Road" initiative which is considered as structure and manifesto for panoramic and fundamental collaboration between China and Pakistan. The CPEC project was initiated to develop economic growth and facilitate free trade between both countries. Howeve...
Conference Paper
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Mercantilizar a sustentabilidade é perenizar a exclusão da maioria da humanidade aos direitos de cidadania plena Esclarecimento: Este ensaio constitui um texto simplificado do Capítulo 1 do manuscrito 'Sustainability and modernity", de minha autoria, em processo de publicação em formato de livro impresso. RESUMO: Este ensaio analisa as formas, os s...
Article
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Os países que cresceram ao topo da camada mundial da riqueza ancoraram-se na melhoria generalizada do perfil educacional dos cidadãos. O processo de universalização da educação básica e a erradicação do analfabetismo foram conquistas comuns a todos. A educação superior competiu não apenas na empreitada de prover os meios para que fossem logrados es...
Article
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Resumo: A industrialização brasileira pode ser apontada como um dos principais fatores de desenvolvimento econômico do país. Esse processo teve alguns pequenos focos no período colonial, porém se aprofundou no período pós-colonial. Passou por um período de grande desenvolvimento no Estado de São Paulo devido ao acúmulo de capital gerado pelo cresci...
Article
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The environmental repercussions of extensive carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions on the environment are crucial for policymakers and scholars. The repercussions of and connection between economic growth (ECG), tourism (TOUR), and foreign direct investment (FDI) on CO2 emission mitigation have been measured and argued from empirical and theoretical persp...
Article
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RESUMO Esse artigo tece breves discussões históricas acerca da adolescência a partir dos primeiros estudiosos que se debruçaram na temática, dando ênfase ao processo de construção desse fenômeno nas sociedades ocidentais enquanto uma fase transitória entre a infância e a idade adulta, ao mesmo tempo em que se expõem visões de outras culturas, como...
Article
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Improving the quality of environmental indicators has become a global concern that necessitates the identification of possible channels through which environmental welfare can be enhanced worldwide. Against this backdrop, this current study aims to elucidate the environmental effects of ethnic diversity, controlling for financial development, urban...
Chapter
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Current trends in society are increasingly encouraging both government and business policies to help achieve the 17 goals of sustainable development, formed by the Brundtland Commission within the concept of "sustainability". These goals provide for a balanced and comprehensive solution to economic, social, and environmental issues. In this regard,...
Article
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The essential to achieving the 2060 carbon neutrality target in China lies in the performance of the construction industry. Decoupling economic development from CO2 emissions is the main strategy for reducing emissions in the construction industry. This paper is based on panel data for China and its 30 provinces during 2009–2019. A Tapio decoupling...
Article
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Since the reform and opening up in 1978, the economic development in China has experienced a rapid growth stage. Statistics show that annual GDP has grown at an average rate of nearly 10%, and the annual per capita GDP growth rate has also approached 9%. With the rapid economic growth, the problem of environmental pollution across the country has b...
Preprint
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O presente trabalho se baseia nos artigos "Áreas Monetárias Ótimas (AMO): teoria, unificação monetária europeia e aplicações para o Mercosul" e "A Unificação Monetária Alemã: lições para uma possível moeda comum entre Brasil e Argentina", respectivamente produzidos pelos economistas do Banco Nacional de Desenvolvimento Econômico e Social (BNDES) Fr...
Conference Paper
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Resumo Este artigo pretende demonstrar como o discurso da maldição dos recursos naturais imprime em sua concepção a manutenção do poder e controle sobre a exploração de recursos nos países do Sul Global ao endossar o neoliberalismo e a governança corporativa como antídotos para o subdesenvolvimento econômico. Pelo itinerário metodológico que parte...
Chapter
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Resumo: As tecnologias de geoprocessamento são de suma importância para diversos estudos, especialmente para o conhecimento do meio físico em escala municipal, desta forma este trabalho tem por objetivo mostrar o mapeamento realizado dos aspectos físicos que compõem a paisagem do município de Eunápolis, localizado no Extremo-Sul da Bahia. Trata-se...
Article
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Este informe especial apresenta uma comparação entre a medida do gasto em atenção primária à saúde (APS) conforme as propostas da Organização para a Cooperação e o Desenvolvimento Econômico (OCDE) e da Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS), usando a metodologia mundialmente aceita para reportar gastos em saúde – o System of Health Accounts (SHA 2011)...
Preprint
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Argumentamos que as medidas do governo Bolsonaro contra os colegiados nacionais e seus efeitos não são homogêneas e que a compreensão de sua variação requer uma abordagem analítica e empiricamente sensível à lógica da mudança institucional nos subsistemas de políticas em face à mudança na política. Especificamente, sustentamos que o conjunto de med...
Presentation
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Marcas e patentes consistentes organizacionais sem fidelização regulares." 2018 GERH-Estratégias diretivas sem fidelização aos prospectos regulatórios organizacionais: Eixos propícios de desestabilização Organizacional, Comercial e Social-Desemprego e desequilíbrio sustentável de desenvolvimento interno. Resumo: O texto aborda temática em relação,...
Chapter
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Abstract In India Financial inclusion (FI) has been increasing from 1960s onwards, but the increase in levels of financial inclusion doesn‟t matching with the levels of human development, economic growth and social development. All over India, there large segment of population from socio-economic disadvantaged populations were still out of formal...
Article
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Recently, the promotion of safety participation (SP) has become a hot spot in behavioral safety research and safety management practice. To explore the relationship between safety leadership (SL) and SP, a theoretical model was established and 33 articles (35 independent samples) on work safety from 2000 to 2021 were selected for a meta-analysis. B...
Article
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Nowadays, there are growing demands for developing economical and multi-functional polymeric materials that simultaneously have high thermal conductivity, optimized electrical conductivity, and improved mechanical properties. Due to its outstanding physical and mechanical properties, graphene can significantly endow epoxy polymers with novel proper...
Article
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The research aims to demonstrate the role of green marketing of solar energy projects in Iraq to achieve the sustainable development. The marketing mixture, green marketing strategies and sustainable development were highlighted. To achieve the research objectives, a questionnaire has been utilized as asource to collect information from specialists...