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Hi!
I want to compare the poverty of a subpopulation of my country (indigenous people) to other countries' poverty. To do that, I have the per capita income of each individual of my dataset expressed in 2022 dollars. In order to make comparisons with the World Bank poverty measures, I think that I have to transform this variable so that it reflects 2011 PPP dollars and then just use the 1.90 poverty line to calculate the national poverty.
For my country, the PPP is 0.535 (related to 1 US dollar). Should I multiplicate my variable by this number? Also, how do I express it in real terms (that is, in 2011 dollars)?
Thank you in advance!
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Poverty itself broader area focusing on Income, Food, and many aspects.
Having only the Income aspects could get the exact the result of the individual's household of the respondents.
If you will collect of many variables that you can look at the Multi-dimensional poverty that will bring link of many cross cutting issues.
The measurements on consumption or material well being of the households in developing country or developed countries. It needs to be explained in detail.
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Activation of entrepreneurship and innovation is essential for effective socio-economic development of the national economy.
Failure in entrepreneurship in the context of entire markets, sectors, the whole society, the entire economy is a negative effect of taking risks in the situation of starting a business and running a business.
This is the price of few, spectacular business successes. Therefore, it should not be reduced due to the existence of investment risk. Investment risk should be examined, analyzed, measured and hedged, for example, in the form of maintaining established, estimated financial provisions for the situation of potential loss of financial liquidity. An entrepreneur should take risks, accept a certain level of investment risk, measured and hedged risk.
Entrepreneurship should be supported by both public sector institutions and through private investment funds that finance the development of innovative startups. In modern knowledge-based economies, the state through central and through local government public institutions should support the development of entrepreneurship and innovation.
In view of the above, the current question is: Should the state support the development of entrepreneurship and innovation?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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I also think that.
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Hello fellow researchers,
Could you please recommend which instrument is suitable for measuring Dweck's Growth Mindset for primary school-age children (age 8-12 or age 10-12)? and preferable if there is a Dutch version of it.
Thank you very much
Best,
Edita
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EJ1212905.pdf (ed.gov)
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'Newcomers' in the sense of young lecturers / university instructors / tertiary teachers. I'm involved in Talent Development. I find although MOST new university educators are receptive to learning to become a university teaching professional... SOME are negative from the start!!!
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It is really an important and interesting question.
I think that the most important professional values ​​that we should impart to new newcomers are: professional and scientific commitment, maintaining professional development, good role models, and moral & social responsibility, in addition to adhering to the ethics of scientific research.
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Unfortunately, more and more results of climatologists' research confirm the thesis that human civilization activity is the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions and a progressive global warming process. Because the human development of civilization is the main source of the progressing and probably accelerating global warming process, the man should reform processes of development of the energy sector and other industries so as to significantly reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and various aspects of environmental pollution in the coming years.
Because it is not easy to introduce such taxes due to the strong lobbying of large corporations, it may be a better solution to introduce regulations that require enterprises to switch to renewable energy sources and use biodegradable raw materials instead of, for example, very slowly degradable plastics. The development of this type of solutions could be activated also through the system of specific tax concessions or subsidies for investment expenditures from the state budget fudnsh. In this way, pro-environmental state interventionism would be developed. This type of process has already begun in the European Union. For example, at the end of 2018, regulations were introduced banning the use of plastic in the packaging of various products within the European Union and as cutlery in restaurants from 2022. However, this is just the beginning of the process, which should be developed on a much larger scale within the framework of pro-environmental state intervention.
Do you agree with my opinion on this matter?
In view of the above, I am asking you the following question:
What are the main determinants of the implementation of pro-environmental state intervention?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Dear Shuraik,
Thanks for the answer. That's right. In recent years, due to the accelerating changes in climate, the process of global warming is growing in importance of pro-environmental state intervention. How the pro-environmental state interventionism should be properly implemented has already been researched and demonstrated. I am doing research on this and the results of this research have been described in the published articles that I have posted on my profile of this Research Gate portal. However, the results of these studies are still ignored by decision-makers planning, shaping and implementing national environmental policy. In a country where the process of pro-environmental transformation of the economy operates, instead of being conducted fairly, it is slowed down and limited. Still most of the electricity is technologically obsolete, government-controlled and monopolistic large companies in the energy sector by burning fossil fuels. Investments in renewable energy sources are limited despite large revenues from speculative trading of CO2 emission rights. This is one of the key drivers of rising energy prices. In view of the above, despite the existing for at least several years the possibilities of increasing the scale of pro-environmental state interventionism, these opportunities were not only not used, but also deliberately the processes of the pro-environmental transformation of the mining and energy sector were and are still being limited and slowed down.
Thank you,
Regards,
Dariusz
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Hello,
I looking for work that takes a predominantly developing /under(semi)developed, etc. perspective in discussing socio-economic issues in countries in the "periphery" of Europe (South, East, less developed regions, etc). That is work that uses concepts, ideas, theories, methodologies, etc typically associated with less developed countries to approach issues in the "periphery" of Europe. I'm interested in either contemporary of historical analyses.
Thank you!
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Dated, though still a useful introduction to the subject - Ryszard Stemplowski (ed) Europe and Latin America: Looking at each other (Warsaw: Polish Institute of International Affairs, 2010). Several contributions compare development strategy in Latin American and Eastern Europe from historical and (near) contemporary perspectives). Some consider the extent to which counties of Latin America and Eastern Europe became 'laboratories' for policy models. Chapters written mainly by social scientists and historians. There is also a companion volume.
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Hello everyone,
Hope all are doing good.
I have a problem developing diarrhea in the mice model.
I have pre-treated the mice with antibiotics to clear the normal flora and orally inoculated the mice with E.coli to develop diarrhea.
I can able to see the increasing colonies in the fecal sample, but the diarrhea is not developed.
Help me in this regard.
Hoping for a positive response.
Stay safe. Keep smile.
Have a good day!!!
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Mice are generally not the best model foremost of the E. coli-related intestinal diseases. In fact, it is often quite challenging to induce the clinical symptoms in mice, despite the culture-proven colonization.
Rabbits on the other hand serve as more robust E. coli diarrhea model
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[redacted]
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<Which commodities/elements of the agricultural sector are most likely to generate inclusive growth?>
The question is quite timely to ponder over, especially in the context of economies and regions that lag behind in terms of agriculture growth and the inclusiveness of such growth outcomes. While all agricultural commodities (food and non-food) may have linkages with inclusive growth, the strength and sustainability of the linkages would depend on several factors, such as: (a) price of the commodity accrued by the producers domestically and internationally; (b) the extent of value addition and its redistribution back to the producers and workers; (c) the factors retarding growth and expansion of the commodities, including agro-environmental factors, extreme climatic conditions affecting the growth; (d) the effectiveness of the policies and institutions (including trade related) that facilitate/ promote growth, etc. In short, the question needs to be addressed (understood) with respect to all the above factors and with specific reference to the economies and regions of the world.
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The issue of tourism development is considered one of the contemporary topics on the basis that it has proven the extent of its effective contribution to increasing the national income of any country and thus increasing the income of individuals and improving their standard of living, as well as with what it includes in terms of comprehensive civilized development of all natural, human and material components, hence tourism development is a means of economic development, especially For local development, the interest in it has increased by trying to make it sustainable, by setting long-term policies and programs aimed at creating a sustainable tourism development whose primary goal is to preserve the environment, achieve the interests of current generations, and preserve the interests of future generations.
How do tourism development contribute to achieve development?
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Muhammad Umer Niaz Thank you very much for sharing your valuable study
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The economy of Singapore is highly developed. It has been ranked by World economic forum as the most open economy in the world.
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Why Singapore can become a developed country? (1) Singapore relies on the industrial and service sectors as its main economic activity and source of income. (2) 5Human resources in Singapore are excellent and have skills. (3) Singapore's strategic location makes it easy for the country to export its industrial products and import its various needs. (4) The Singaporean government always monitors the country's economic development and makes this a special concern.
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Economists have traditionally linked poverty to inequitable distribution of income, by linking the growing level of per capita income of GDP, which is the primary objective of economic policies, among others, and the decline of the number of poor people in society. However, the prevailing opinion today is that monetary indicators cannot be relied upon to measure poverty. Indeed, poverty is a complex and multidimensional phenomenon that results from the interaction of many economic, political and social conditions that exacerbate the deprivation faced by the poor. Economic growth is not a sufficient condition for poverty alleviation, but there must be expansion that can create new and adequate employment and income levels for all segments of society above the poverty line. Despite the difficulties in devising a practical measure of poverty that accurately reflects the magnitude of the phenomenon and so that households and individuals can be formally classified as poor, there are many attempts at economic thought, empirical studies, and practical practices of economic policies to measure the phenomenon.
Does the multidimensional poverty index provide a comprehensive and integrated measure of poverty?
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What instruments of support for the development of innovative startups, whose business model is based on the development and implementation of eco-innovations, are offered by the government in your country?
Please reply
Best wishes
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In the country where I operate, startups are created and developed, which create and develop innovative ecotechnologies used to improve the techniques of waste segregation, recycling and disposal of hazardous waste.
Regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Hey everybody,
so I'm currently writing on my Ph.D. thesis and have problems finding a basis for the discussion of my data. So here's the thing:
My project dealt with the regulation of a certain DNA repair pathway during development.
For my assays, I used fibroblasts that were isolated from embryonic or postnatal mice (E13.5 or P21) in which one specific kinase (A) important for this repair pathway was knocked out.
In postnatal fibroblasts, I could confirm previous findings of our lab that kinase A is essential for this DNA repair pathway.
However, when I repeated these assays using MEFs, the depletion of kinase A was not resulting in a repair defect anymore. I confirmed this in WT fibroblasts transiently depleted for kinase A using siRNA and also in animal experiments.
So finally, I was able to find that another kinase (B) of the same family is replacing the function of kinase A and phosphorylates the same substrate in MEFs, although kinase A is still expressed.
Unfortunately, I struggle to find literature that provides information about similar processes, meaning a switch in kinases within one pathway in response to differentiation/developmental processes. Is something like this already known?
Thanks for your help!
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I think these articles may actually help you.
Best wishes,
Sabri
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Any research available on 1st, 2nd & 3rd Wave of COVID-19, and different economic responses by Top 3 Suffering Countries (USA, Brazil & India) ?
I am looking for Economic Responses in Each Wave by the top COVID-19 suffering countries,
How it lead them to prepare for the another wave ( In Economic terms)
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Dear Prof. Masood Ahmed!
You pointed to an essential problem - the need for brand new datasets on the socio- economic factors impacting countries during this ongoing pandemic:
1) Anser, M.K., Yousaf, S.U., Hyder, S. et al. Socio-economic and corporate factors and COVID-19 pandemic: a wake-up call. Environ Sci Pollut Res (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-021-15275-6 Free access:
2) Anser, M.K., Khan, M.A., Zaman, K. et al. Financial development during COVID-19 pandemic: the role of coronavirus testing and functional labs. Financ Innov 7, 9 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40854-021-00226-4 Open access:
Yours sincerely, Bulcsu Szekely
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What technologies, currently considered surrealistic and possibly achievable in the future, could revolutionize technological progress and could solve key global problems of humanity?
For example, imagine if nuclear fusion technology was developed at a nuclear power plant, in which nuclear material would neutralize toxic waste in this way.
Or if power plants were built, in which hydrogen would be burned in oxygen in a controlled way and in this way electricity would be produced and the whole power plant would be built in the formula of a new generation steam engine, with water vapor arising in the process of the said hydrogen combustion in oxygen.
If it were possible, this type of technological solutions currently considered surreal and unreal could solve global problems being a derivative of the increase in greenhouse gas emissions, the ever-accelerating process of global warming and the growing demand for electricity.
What proposals do you have, surrealistic concepts for the surreal technologies of the future?
What do you think about this topic?
What's your opinion on this topic?
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
What technologies, currently considered surrealistic and possibly achievable in the future, could revolutionize technological progress and could solve key global problems of humanity?
What other ideas do you know about surrealistic technologies, known for example from science fiction novels and films, which if they became real, could they solve various key global problems of humanity?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
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When the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic expires, what key problems in the development of civilization will become the priority for solving them as soon as possible? What major global problems should be addressed now, apart from the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic? Probably thanks to the efficiently conducted programs of vaccination of citizens against the Coronavirus, the problem of the pandemic should gradually decrease from the middle of this year 2021. Perhaps thanks to the vaccination of the majority of citizens, a high level of social, collective immunity will be achieved. Perhaps in the fall of 2021 the scale of the pandemic will drop to such a low level that no lockouts will be introduced on selected sectors and branches of the economy. When the current health crisis caused by the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic is resolved, what problems in the development of civilization in the 21st century should become the key to solving them as soon as possible? When the pandemic health crisis is resolved, what global problems of humanity and planet Earth in the 21st century should science address? Is the growing risk of the climate crisis, which may appear as early as the end of the 21st century as a result of the continued emission of greenhouse gases, which are the source of the ongoing global warming process, the greatest threat to the biosphere of planet Earth and to humans? Is it crucial to achieve global climate neutrality by 2050? Will the key problems include reducing the level of environmental pollution, improving waste management, improving waste segregation and recycling techniques, reducing the scale of extinction of flora and fauna species, protecting pollinating insects, improving drinking water saving systems, developing renewable energy sources, developing sustainable ecological agriculture , development of electromobility and improvement of technology of engines powered by hydrogen combustion with oxygen using in land, sea and air transport, improvement of systems of protection of forests against fires and agricultural fields against drought and aridosis, protection of forests and green areas against devastation and logging, development of programs afforestation of civilization degraded areas? Can increasing the efficiency of solving global problems be achieved through the use of constantly developed and improved technology of artificial intelligence? Can the solution to some of the global problems of mankind be achieved through the development of space exploration technology? Can the development of biotechnology, genetics, molecular biology solve the serious problems of food shortage and hunger in many countries? In what application areas can the development of nanotechnology, ICT information technology, and Industry 4.0 technology contribute to solving key problems of the development of civilization? The development of what technologies can be helpful in the protection of the climate and the biosphere of planet Earth? How important is the protection of biodiversity of natural ecosystems in the context of solving global problems and the potential significant deterioration of the living conditions of subsequent generations of people? What do you think global issues should be tackled first when the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) pandemic is over? In what areas of economic and scientific development should the financial outlays be increased? What kind of innovative technological solutions should be developed?
What do you think about it? What is your opinion on this topic?
Please reply
I described the various global problems that may continue to unfold in the years following the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic in my article published in late December 2021. I am providing a link to this article:
I invite all those who study this subject to research cooperation.
Greetings,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Uh oh!, COVID-19 is a "One Thousand and One Nights" story. It seems that we are at the beginning!
This epidemic become a point to chronicle date like the One Thousand and One Nights stories(لقد أصبح هذا الوباء نقطة تأريخ مثل حكايات ألف ليلة وليلة)! Our sons will say at the years of COVID-19 years.
Let me ask the following two questions:
  • Is there a lack of interpretability and transparency related to this virus?
  • Did we reach a state with this pandemic that is hard to control and monitor?
Furthermore, this discussion thread raises other three rational questions:
  • Is COVID-19 one of nature's secretions or it has been fabricated in the laboratories of one or more countries?
  • Are vaccines, especially for COVID-19, one of the "big businesses"?
  • Do you think that the pandemic has its "Cyclical Apparition"?
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Yes/no response scales have a worst result in factorial analysis than Likert scales? Should we avoid yes/no response scales?
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depends on measure.
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Knowledge is what distinguishes human species from others, but how we use this knowledge depends only on man. Man can use his intelligence and knowledge wisely, ie according to the innate need for self-preservation instinct and survival of the human species in changing environmental conditions, including the ongoing global warming process. But he also may not use his knowledge and intelligence for this purpose.
However, one should think positively that the previous generations, previous cultures, previous ancestors in the process of evolution and the process of development of cultures, development of civilization and finally development of technology have created modern man as being equipped with intelligence, self-awareness, knowledge, technology, i.e. unique instruments, thanks which man became a dominant species on Earth. But will it always be the dominant species on Earth? This question remains open. It will be settled in the future.
Knowledge, huge resources of knowledge and various possibilities of its use is what only one species has on Earth. Knowledge gives people a lot of potential to complete the next stages of technological and civilization development. However, if this knowledge allows to forecast new categories of natural, climatic and civilizational phenomena and to secure adequately against appearing threats, to use it as a development opportunity, time will show.
The following question may be added to these considerations: Will dinosaurs survive the global cataclysm caused by the impact of a large meteor on Earth, whether they survive global warming, drought, limited food resources and areas suitable for existence, if they knew when, where and in what form this cataclysm would occur? ? If dinosaurs survive this or still on Earth until now they would dominate as known dinosaurs or would a new species of intelligent post-dinosaurs be created? These questions will remain open due to incomplete knowledge in this topic.
If the knowledge in this matter would be supplemented in the future, will it change anything about the possibility of adapting people to such cataclysms that have destroyed dinosaurs? Not necessarily. Dinosaurs could only know what they could know, having a much more limited awareness of natural and cosmic phenomena. Dinosaurs could know very little about what a person knows, but they did not have the awareness of lack of knowledge and the need to increase knowledge resources through the development of scientific research. Man is probably the first species who, thanks to his intelligence and built knowledge, also has an awareness of the potential lack of knowledge. Man has this knowledge, is equipped with specific instruments for conducting scientific research and the possibilities of expanding knowledge resources. Man already possesses this knowledge, but will this knowledge prove to be helpful in surviving future cataclysms, their outpacing and securing them against them? The answer to this question will appear in the future and it is not yet decided. So the development of knowledge and what is being discovered, created with the help of knowledge, intelligence and creativity, should also be carried out wisely. Wisely, ie according to the need for self-preservation instinct, with the need to survive the human species.
This need should take into account the necessity to implement sustainable ecological development in the development of civilization, protect the natural environment, care for biodiversity in the natural biological ecosystems, individual species of flora and fauna, genomic composition in gene banks of endangered species of flora and fauna, that is, preservation of knowledge about biodiversity , natural resources of weeds created by nature. This we know thanks to our intelligence, self-awareness and civilization-generated knowledge. But we also know something more. We know that humans are probably the first species that, thanks to their intelligence and built knowledge, also has the awareness of the potential lack of specific categories of knowledge.
There are many questions that we do not know the answer to. It is also part of your knowledge or these questions on the government are unanswered from this knowledge. These questions would not exist if there was no intelligence, knowledge and built culture, civilization, technology, etc. Man has this knowledge, is equipped with specific instruments for conducting scientific research and the possibilities of expanding knowledge resources. Which questions will we get in the future thanks to our scientific research, will these be satisfactory answers for us? One thing is certain, the resources of knowledge will increase. But how we use this knowledge depends only on us.
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
In the context of the above issues, I am asking you the following question:
Is knowledge something that distinguishes the human species on Earth?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Yes.
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Human interactions in the context of Gen Z, what is your opinion?
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… It's easy to assume Gen Z workers will be just an extension of the Millenials, but studies show that's not really the case …Mathur, M., & Hameed, S. (2016, September). A study on behavioural competencies of the Z generation. In International Conference on Management and Information Systems (pp. 63-71).
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A population decline (or depopulation) in humans is a reduction in a human population caused by events such as long-term demographic trends, as in sub-replacement fertility, urban decay due to violence, disease, or other catastrophes. According to a controversial theory: shrink and prosper, the accompanying benefits of depopulation could be identified after the post-Civil War Gilded Age, post-World War I economic boom, and the post-World War II economic boom.
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Dear Dr. László Vértesy , thank you for the thought provoking question.
Advantages of a decreasing population
Long term benefits
1. Will bring better balance among the living beings/organisms.
2. Extinction of Religions and Gods
3. People will celebrate life. I think there will be no artificial, man-made death in the name of God(s), Religion, Nationality etc.,
4. People will die only by natural causes. The reaming few (People) will support each other to save the life other every other person.
Short term benefits
1. Less pollution, Lesser need for food, land and other resources.
2. More pet animals are saved from the harassment of humankind and live in their natural habitat. They may live happily (may be unhappily at times) with their Father, Mother, Sisters, Brothers and could escape from the confinement.
Disadvantages of a decreasing population
1. Long term impact - Extinction of Languages, Culture, Food Choices
2. Short term impact - Economy will shrink, more unemployment, population will have fewer young people supporting huge number of elders.
3. The streets, seemingly empty streets, buildings etc., may look devilish.
Some useful links:
Thank you for this wonderful opportunity to share my views.
Best wishes and regards
Yoganandan
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Hello all Research Gate users.
I wonder if Nursing Boards in Europe or Nursing Accreditation Bodies for nursing and/or midwifery contacts (e.g. e-mail addresses) are somewhere available online or I simply have to find them on one to one basis.
Thank you all for helping
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Hello @mar
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What about  the course of microalbuminuria (MA) in pediatric patients with SCN, is there any possibility of MA regression once developed?
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I'm not sure it will stop the decline, but it will reduce the evolution if we start hydroxicarbamide and enalapril -
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According to statistical data, on average 1 startup per 10 achieves spectacular success and develops dynamically for a minimum period of several years. 2-3 somehow manage, but without major successes, and the remaining 7 after a year or two years end their activities for various reasons. This statistic may differ slightly between regions and countries depending on external financing assistance programs, organizational support from business incubators, etc. However, a small part of opened startups has been functioning for more than 2 years and has achieved great success in the scope of offer development, business run, participation in the acquired markets, the sale of a specific offer of innovative products or services and achieves financial success, which provides development opportunities.
In view of the above, what are the key success factors for the development of innovative startups? Is the idea for an innovative product or service the most important? Is the innovative technology on the basis of which new products or services are manufactured? Are convenient sources of external financing? Is a well-connected team of founders of a startup? Is a convenient tax system supporting the development of small entrepreneurship and innovation? Are also other factors?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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A good and potent business angel.
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I'm using a number of indicators in my research which are not available at a sub-national level. Is there a reliable method for disaggregating the country data into city ones? (preferably with a reference)
please note that population and GDP per capita are available at the city level.
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Dear researcher, it is quite impossible to disaggregate the national data. Because it is unreliable. instead I suggest you to collect data from household income and expenditure survey , labor survey, census, city survey, provincial report,etc.
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How should there be an active cooperation between business and science? How should the development of clusters and agreements between cooperating enterprises and science centers, scientific institutes and universities be facilitated in the economic policy of the state?
In my opinion, there should be an active cooperation between business and science. I believe that in the economic policy of the state it is necessary to develop the facilitation of the development of clusters and agreements of cooperating enterprises with science centers, with research institutes and universities. Business development should result from scientific knowledge. Businessmen should consult scientists about business development. Scientists are more and more often engaged as consultants working on the needs of business. Entrepreneurs should use the analytical tools developed by scientists, for example in the area of ​​improvement of business analytics tools, developed computerized tools for advanced information processing, eg in Big Data database systems using Business Intelligence analytical platforms. But this is just an example of this type of cooperation between business and science.
On the other hand, it happens more and more often that researchers and scientists start startups or develop research programs, the effect of which is to create a new type of material or technology, innovative solutions. Then, such innovative solutions, which were created in research laboratories, are increasingly implemented in industry. It happens that the state co-finances large research programs, such as space exploration programs. During these high-budget research programs, new technologies are created that are used in the production of many products offered to consumers or become the basis for the creation of new technological solutions implemented in the mass production of various types of products or services.
In addition, new business and economic concepts are developed and developed, such as the concepts of sustainable pro-ecological economic development, the important element of which is the creation and implementation of eco-innovations into the industry, eg the purpose of developing new renewable energy sources. Such processes, whose aim is to reform the energy sector as quickly as possible and convert classic energy sources based on the combustion of minerals to environmentally friendly renewable energy sources are an example of necessary reforms that can be effectively implemented through cooperation of businessmen with scientists and design and implementation of large infrastructure investments and construction of a power plant for the production of electricity as part of the development of renewable energy sources from financial resources of private companies in the financial support of the state.
In connection with the above, there are more and more examples of synergies of development of private or state-supported investment ventures and developing business with the world of science. The state, as part of pro-development state interventionism, should develop its innovation and development policy as a key element of pro-development economic policy, within which it should support, as well as financially and actively, enterprises and the world of science. As part of this activation, facilitations should be created, for example through a system of tax breaks for the development of clusters and agreements between cooperating enterprises and science centers, scientific institutes and universities. This is a particularly important pro-development element in knowledge-based economies.
Do you agree with my opinion on this matter?
In view of the above, I am asking you the following question:
Should business cooperation with science develop? How to support the development of business cooperation with science? How should there be an active cooperation between business and science? How should the development of clusters and agreements between cooperating enterprises and science centers, scientific institutes and universities be facilitated in the economic policy of the state?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Dear Dariusz Prokopowicz The relationship between science and business has been evolving. However, the interaction between the two has not always been so smooth. There is a lot of misunderstanding or a difference in expectations on either side. Increasingly, businesses rely on research to develop new solutions. However, the disconnect between the pace of industry and that of research and innovation has to be improved. The below mentioned link throws some light on the ways how it can be improved:
Thanks!
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Please suggest the means for tracing and prioritizing major governance issues in Indian agriculture... Quantification issues as well are welcome...
Thanks in advance...
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Everybody forgets "fatalism" (fatalistic approach), which was already described by Ch. Hood.
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we all have our own thought and experience regarding yoga and meditation, we all know it's a miracle unexplainable to those who do he/she feel it.What's your view regarding it.
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Yoga ( योग ) in a broad sense means a set of various spiritual, mental and physical practices developed in different directions of Hinduism and Buddhism and aimed at controlling the mental and physiological functions of the body in order to achieve an individual's elevated spiritual and mental state.
"Meditation" means "union with God." The word "yoga" also means "union with God", when an individual spirit soul unites with the Supreme Soul, completely focuses on God - her mind, body, heart, her entire being are given to God without a trace.
When one reaches the perfection called trance or samadhi, his mind, engaged in yoga, is completely withdrawn from material activities. Thanks to the purity of the mind, such a yogi acquires the ability to see his true self, and it becomes for him a source of joy and happiness. In this joyful state, he experiences unlimited spiritual bliss, enjoying transcendental senses. Having established himself at this level, a person never deviates from the truth and, having reached this state, realizes that nothing more can be achieved. He is never troubled, even in the face of the greatest calamities. This is true freedom from the suffering arising from contact with the material world.
Regards, Sergey
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What kind of scientific research dominate in the field of Economic and financial situation of citizens?
Please, provide your suggestions for a question, problem or research thesis in the issues: Economic and financial situation of citizens.
Please reply.
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Dear Friends and Colleagues of RG
The issues of specific programs to improve the economic, financial, material and housing situation of households as key instruments of pro-development keynesian anti-crisis state intervention and significant components of the socio-economic policy of the state I described in the publications:
I invite you to discussion and cooperation.
Best wishes
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One of the solutions, citizen participation... The theory and practice of urban governance in recent years has undergone both a collaborative and participatory turn. The strong connection between collaboration and participation has meant that citizen participation in urban governance has been conceived in a very particular way: as varying levels of partnership between state actors and citizens. This over-focus on collaboration has led to: 1) a dearth of proposals in theory and practice for citizens to engage oppositionally with institutions; 2) the miscasting of agonistic opportunities for participation as forms of collaboration; 3) an inability to recognise the irruption of agonistic practices into participatory procedures. This article attempts to expand the conception of participatory urban governance by adapting Rosanvallon’s (2008) three democratic counter-powers—prevention, oversight and judgement—to consider options for institutionalising agonistic participatory practices. It argues that these counter-governance processes would more fully realise the inclusion agenda that underpins the participatory governance project... Dean, R. J. (2018). Counter-governance: Citizen participation beyond collaboration. Politics and Governance, 6(1), 180-188.
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Dear colleagues,
I am studying microglia in early development. I would like to design a study where I deplete microglia in neonatal pups using a CSF-1R inhibitor.
Several studies that employ the strategy of ablating microglia deliver these drugs via chow. However, neonatal pups cannot yet feed themselves, and there is no published evidence that sufficient traces of the drug can be passed via the maternal breast milk to deplete microglia in the pups.
Has anyone tried administering CSF-1R inhibitors via IP? If so, are there any specific protocols to prepare the drug for delivery? Does it need to be diluted or mixed in PBS or DMSO for example? How do you determine the appropriate dose to inject? How often should injections be administered?
I appreciate any helpful insights in advance.
Best,
Alicia
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  • To determine the appropriate dose to inject calculate the body mass of the neonatal pups and according to their mass value calculate the dosage and for your reference refer to this paper.
  • For inhibitors dosage analysis better you check the concentration of your inhibitor for diluting the inhibitors with the above-mentioned reagents.
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The students from the least developed country can not afford the expensive plagiarism checker tool. Further, its almost impossible to finance the paid version. Could you suggest/find the best plagiarism checker free software or webpage for student?.
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Thanks a lot to Dr.
Geetika Jain Saxena
for her comments and valuable contribution to this discussion thread.
Kindly, could you and the other RG colleagues see the following warning that is related to this valuable question of Dr. Nabaraj Gautam?
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What kind of scientific research dominate in the field of Economics of sustainable development?
Please, provide your suggestions for a question, problem or research thesis in the issues: Economics of sustainable development.
Please reply.
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Dear Dariusz Prokopowicz the sustainability criteria must be the core of our efforts to maintain our course towards a climate-resilient low-carbon transition, rather than continue the vicious cycle of environmental degradation, biodiversity loss, and zoonotic infectious disease outbreaks. For instance, the world response to the COVID-19 pandemic must be focused on addressing underlying factors through the SDGs to recover prosperity and restructure our society in a healthier, safer, fairer, and sustainable path. The option for a brown recovery instead of investing in a sustainable growth will depend on how human society will deal with the emerging risks from the COVID-19 pandemic. Kind regards, Ernani
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Yes, it is necessary to change the development strategy based on intensifying the exploitation of the Earth's resources on the sustainable development strategy. It is necessary to develop new energy technologies based on renewable energy sources to slow down the progressing greenhouse effect of the Earth in order to reduce the risk of dramatic natural cataclysms. It is necessary to develop ecological innovations, while it may not be too late. It is necessary to save the Earth through destruction for future generations.
The 21st century is the last moment to introduce global sustainable development based on the development of renewable energy and ecological innovations. Sustainable development should be analyzed and measured in correlation with the analysis of economic growth and the share of individual sectors in the country's economic development, including the transformation of traditional energy sources into renewable energy, environment reclamation and recovery of recyclable materials, and ecological innovations.
I invite you to the discussion
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Revered Professor Dr.Dariusz Prokopowicz,
Thank you for having sent the reply to my comment. Things will change definitely because the carbon emissions are main root cause of the climate change in the world.
The time has already warned our citizens to change the shape of the life. Let us work together in the future Prof.
Regards
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From antiquity, philosophy has given inspiration for the development of other sciences. Some teachings come from specific trends in the history of philosophical thought. Currently, philosophy can give conceptual inspiration for creating new concepts for other sciences and for creating innovative solutions.
Please reply. I invite you to the discussion
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Philosophy teaches us how to think. It is not a "science", a set of "sciences", and has not any compromises with ideas of "innovation", "creativity", even less with "technology", "design" and all the other words that are nowadays used and abused around knowledge. However, philosophy is indispensable for sciences, scientific research, and knowledge innovation precisely because it illuminates how to ask, how to inquiry, and how to search for knowledgeable answers. Most of the main subjects of philosophy still are long-term inquiries on the meaning of life, moral conduct, the value of knowledge, human virtues, love, or justice that have been discussed for thousands of years, finding new answers and paths towards a meaningful humanistic life. Philosophy doesn't need to be innovative but only to be serious and profound, keeping epistemic requirements, logic processes, and ontological exactions. It is enough to maintain philosophy with its original wonderful meaning: philein and sophia or the love of wisdom.
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Hello everyone,
in the context of my dissertation I am trying to find out how product development will change with regard to additive manufacturing. Will product developers have identical workflows in 5-10 years, or will parts mainly be calculated and geometry created automatically?
In order to better understand these and similar questions, I developed a short survey, which mainly includes the use of alternative programs for geometry generation and the product development process itself.
I would be pleased if you would take a short time to answer the survey.
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Sebastian Kuschmitz completed the questionnaire, all the best to you with your research.
Best Regards
Martin
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Isn’t that grateful that everyone knows how to make a phone, know what are capacitors and transistors used in computers. Maybe China is ahead of all because they can make one at home despite availability of all materials at cheaper cost.
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Dear bhavesh
It looks interesting. But practically it may be feasible. Technology has not yet become that much user friendly. Also many other constraints are there.
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I'm thinking of ways in which the ego needs to develop and strengthen in order for one to develop independence from parents, addictions, abuse, unhealthy traditions, etc.  But then, I also see value in a further development in which one weakens and denies the ego in order to become less narcissistic and more empathetic. 
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Human ego is about our desires. If we learn to balance our human desires, we can become masters of our ego. This practice, in turn, reduces suffering (pain) and increases well-being (joy). The process itself seems to be decided by setting (resetting) value priorities in life, which can start every moment in the now.
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Few notable comments from George Freidman of Stratfor about University Professors. These are found in his amazing book “Storm Before the Calm
— University professors have the World’s Highest-paid “part-time job”
— Teaching becomes increasingly easier over time, with little preparation needed
— For the graduate faculty, RA/TAs do all the hard work of grading and often tutoring
— An average professor writes research papers that have little to no real application. Most teaching faculty write papers for “appearance only”.
— Adjunct Faculties bridge the gap and increase productivity at a lower cost, with a little solid distinction between a tenured vs. adjunct faculty from the standpoint of the student
— This is not sustainable, and this will change in the next 10 years dramatically
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Covid has initiated tecchnological discruptions and if we look into this, it is a paradigm shift in the field of education. So, there will be some new addition and alteration in the current system and we need to accept those as change is only the constant!
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Please -- I am seeking examples to illustrate the misunderstandings and related failings (simple and otherwise) that undermine projects and interventions on the topics of conservation, natural resources and development (with a focus on the tropics). The idea is to gather and explain examples to students. We often say that we learn from our mistakes ... but arguably we can all learn from each other people's mistakes too ... if we share them
Despite hearing many quirky stories it is hard to find examples in publications on conservation, natural resources, development etc. Surely there are plenty of examples in peoples experiences though!
There are important examples from wider topics in the wealthier world. For example, how paying blood donors as an incentive to increase donations, can decrease blood donations (as donors prefer to give), and how fining parents for collecting their children late from school has in some case actually increased the number of children collected late (as parents felt less guilty when they paid for it).
An example from my own work would be my earlier efforts to frame a project in Papua (Indonesian New Guinea) around the poorest people and then discovering that people in Papua find it offensive to be called "poor" (this concept cannot be used to motivate projects there).
Anything is potentially useful. I am especially keen to identify publications or cases that can be otherwise sourced and cited--though personal communications are welcome too. Anything fun, quirky or educational is especially desirable.
THANKS!
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Hi Dr. Sheil, maybe this paper could be relevant: https://www.pnas.org/content/117/39/24188
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What kind of scientific research dominate in the field of Pro-development Keynsian pro-environmental state intervention?
Please, provide your suggestions for a question, problem or research thesis in the issues: Pro-development Keynsian pro-environmental state intervention.
Please reply.
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Post Keynesian Economics (PKE) in comparison with ecological economics.... While PKE, like all macroeconomics, has failed to address environmental problems it does have many aspects which make compatibility with ecological economics seems feasible… Spash, C. L., & Schandl, H. (2009). Growth, the Environment and Keynes: Reflections on two heterodox schools of thought (No. 2009-01). Canberra, Australia: CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems.
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I am trying to find humanitarians and civilians in health development sectors to assist with a study. It's an anonymous web-based questionnaire looking at the impact of military healthcare related activities overseas on local civilian health delivery and systems.
If you have access to networks of Humanitarians who might be interested in completing it, could you recommend them, or even better put me in touch with them?
If you are able to pass on the study link, it's here:
It takes about 20 minutes, is completely anonymous, and participant info is on page 1. It will help validate a typology of areas where foreign militaries and civilians overlap in healthcare. We hope that it will inform the conversation about what activities military medical teams should and should not undertake.
Many thanks,
Simon.
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Hey Simon
If you still need to help, I can help you in Saudi Arabia.
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ALL ARE WELCOME to contribute on availability of vaccines, medical supplies, status of the medical services, emergency services, immigration monitoring...What are the new developments in different countries/regions???
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My nation wasn't ready and yet to be ready till date.
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I am looking to research on Environmental Planning and Development. The objectives to guide my research will help as well. Thank you for your support in this regard.
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Climate change, water and social justice are critical issues. However, I am uneasy about suggesting a focus. Instead, I encourage you to explore these questions to determine your research question:
1. What do I want to do after my studies?
This is the toughest question to answer, because we often don’t know what we want until we see it. On the other hand, if you don’t know where you are going, any road will do. How could your research help prepare you for what you want to do with your life after graduation?
2. What organization would I ideally like to work for / with?
Do you want to work for a private, public, or NGO organization? Do you already have a wish list of two or three? Might one of them be prepared to sponsor your research on a particular topic that they need to explore? That conversation would help you to get to know them, and help them to get to know you, so you can test your mutual comfort with a longer term relationship. Plus, they might help cover the cost of your studies.
3. What do I really want to know, and why?
A masters is a lot of work. You need to be energized to learn the findings of your research because you want to know — not me, or your supervisor, or a prospective employer. You. Why do you want to know the answer to your research badly enough to invest the time and money to find out? Don’t do the masters for the credential; do it for the increased knowledge about something that you care about.
4. How can my thesis be a force for change?
Sustainability issues are huge. What needs to be added to the body of knowledge about them that people don’t already know about? For example, what would it take to have governments use sustainable public procurement to only allow suppliers who disclose their contributions to the SDGs to bid on tenders? Is it lack of knowledge or lack of action, or both? Think of your thesis as a draft of a guidebook. Ideally, who would you like to read it so that they can be more effective? One of my books was my master’s thesis, another was my doctoral thesis. I wasn’t doing the research to get another certificate on my wall; I was doing it so that the book would be a more effective instrument for change.
These questions reinforce that a masters should be a means to an end, not the end itself. You want to do the research so that ….(what)? Have fun with the questions, take your time, and I know you will enjoy exploring ways to leverage your research.
I hope this helps a bit. All the best.
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I wonder what probable influences of Covid-19 on both developed and developing countries in terms of growth and development? What can be the pros and cons of this outbreak?
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Citing Nigeria as a developing nation, the pandemic has really affected our economy since we rely majorly on crude oil. The fall in the price of crude oil as a result of the pandemic would no doubt ensures Nigeria diversifies her economy most especially in the area of agriculture and ICT. Apart from this, the pandemic has changed our usage and views about ICT. No doubt, our policies, guidelines and operations henceforth would be ICT driven which would in turn minimise unnecessary expenses and further boost the economy. Lastly people are now taking responsibilities for their health and well being. Regular hand washing and immunity boosting vitamins intake would no doubt helps individual to safeguard against other ailments apart from Covid-19.
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With Climate Change and all, I will tell you what I think is a minimum needed for survival and that is: literally a completely, fully, entirely new outlook on life AND that being FOR EVERY HUMAN BEING and involving all our work-a-day pursuits -- a wholly new way of life (and "full-blown" way of action/work) and a source of wholesomeness and great actions and GOOD:
Every hour/day/week/month/year, etc. you wake up mindful, informed (and get more informed as ever needed to proceed ASAP), dedicated, and completely persistent and consistent in acting for the earth-life-dignity of your CAUSES and related CAUSES. Serious life as pursued will be nothing but your involvement and active-dedication to CAUSES (maintaining rational, workable consistencies, and AS MUCH IN ACTION as possible, to actually achieve or actualize the causes). Satisfaction will have nothing to do with "being easy-going" NOR with typical or traditional ideas (notions) of happiness, nor with any [supposedly] other way of (or toward, or for) "satisfaction" -- "rewards" of life many of you, much of the time, thought likely would come with "freedom" and "general happiness" (as historically thought about) but such will be clearly seen as blatant, flagrant, and shameful irresponsibility of old ways considered not worth even thinking about FOR ANY GOOD PURPOSE or any goal in the world (you will have plenty else to think about and with integrity and dignity AND FOR DIGNITY AND INTEGRITY)(plus, there is inherent irrationality in the old views: one way or others of expecting -- and basically even counting on -- MAGIC). BUT, now, all the old happiness/play/satisfaction/fun in-and-with any other "things" or activities will naturally and rationally and personally come to be seen as that which eliminates true dignity and integrity and any worthwhile (or even real) satisfactions -- now with you having the dignity and integrity of work on AND for your CAUSES. With this new way (for all we see for ourselves and for any decent folk we will associate with), SOON nothing else will will "do"; we will have a new way to real dignity, better understandings, and some true, real, good lasting, progressive satisfaction, and with greater loving kindness and equanimity (as we accept we do what we do and others do as their own best in the same vein). As indicated, the way is to operate (LIVE) IS ONLY in terms of CAUSES and inter-related or necessarily simultaneous or successive CAUSES. Developing and accomplishing (in action as much as possible and necessary) will be ALL for the CAUSES which will be your life -- the "all" of your life that matters or has any implications for yourself or others. And, this is also at least as all other decent human beings doing all major things of working life will know you, and that is how you will know them. This is all simply a commitment to understandings, and engaging in wholesome pursuits (which, AGAIN, will be in terms of CAUSES). The causes will be shared only as well, rationally, and wholesomely pursued through group action BUT may well be otherwise that which is done alone (individually), if that is how things are going to get done.
This is the formula for self-breeding of the species and for any real decency and for the survival of the species itself. I cannot imagine how anything else will be sufficiently adaptive; in fact, anything else breeds ignorance, confusion, chaos and irresponsibility (an easy logical and sound argument to make). (I want to live, I want humans who follow me to live; DO YOU?)
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We need to have the interest of others by maintenaning balance in the ecosystem.
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As the data and news, COVID-19 appeared mostly in Global North regions and less in South. Apparently, It hit developed countries mainly, however, entire world is now suffering. How do we understand it?
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Больше всего пандемия затронула страны, которые меньше всего были к ней готовы.
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state the effects
empirical framework
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Corruption affects us all. It threatens sustainable economic development, ethical values and justice; it destabilises our society and endangers the rule of law. ... Delays in infrastructure development, poor building quality and layers of additional costs are all consequences of corruption.
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Is there research on which INGOs / NGOs / CSOs have refused donor funding, with which donors, and for what reasons? If not collected systematically anywhere, could you share examples you know of?
(note: by this, I do not mean governments disallowing NGOs to accept funds from certain donors or foreign funding, but INGOs / NGOs / CSOs making these choices outside of those political directives).
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Thanks Saswatik Tripathy refusal of corporate donations is another good example. Here are a few that I know of:
Others you know of?
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Distinguished colleagues,
I need your professional opinion for my ongoing research on think tank industry. The outputs of the research and the best international practices will be used in elaborating development strategy of our think tank. Please, indicate the best examples and strategic steps, which could be important in this process! Any comment, which you think should be considered, will be appreciated.
Thank you in advance!
Regards,
Dr. Vardan Atoyan
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Dear Vardan,
My advice is not to look to the best international practices -- you cannot replicate the Conference Board, American Enterprise Institute, the Brooking Institution, the RAND Corporation or EIU.
In post-USSR countries there are just three types of striving thin tanks
1) extensions of particular ministries (ministry of finance, ministry of economy) performing outsourcing works to their major clients using the government money. The development strategy is simple -- to expand the basis of clients with gradual serving two, three ministries etc. The moment of truth in your strategy is to present or do not present in your report a point which totally contradicts the opinion of your client (minister, deputy minister etc.);
2) networks of researchers serving industry (employers) associations. Here you strategy is to extract data from participants of such associations and to present it back in a fresh interesting way with some assertive arguments for the benefits of the members of associations;
3) 'brain departments' of influential political parties. Here your strategy is dualistic -- be able to produce attractive populist ideas and assertive slogans and short texts (manifestos and political programs) and also to offer to politicians the real analysis of the current situation and the short-term forecasts.
For the first and sometimes for the third cases of think tanks do not expect that they will survive for a very long time. For the second case, you can work successfully for decades. In the second case you may also have a possibility to mutate into a consultancy company providing specified services for particular corporations.
Bests,
Igor Gurkov
Head of a think tank of the first type in 1994-2000, head of a think tank of first&second type in 2000-2006.
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From a recent world-wide study, that I was part of, that was the conclusion, putting it perhaps too bluntly. It was fascinating to be part of this expert commission but now the question is: what is to be done?
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Ronaldo Munck Congrats for the work.
Frederic Lowen is very close to my holistic view of cognition, economic action and human health.
In addition, I would say that the works of Silvio Gesell have a lot of economic options to offer for the next decades.
The sensitization of human thought and will for new economic bargaining models (the win/win economy) is the key to unlock the door for better living chances.
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Hello!
I study contextual factors (including cultural factors) that determine the socio-emotional development of children aged 10 and 15 years. This study is part of the SSES international study - The Study on Social and Emotional Skills. Are there any similar studies on russian samples?
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Undoubtedly the topic you want to study is very interesting and valid. For now I have two suggestions. You could refer in your study to the ecological theory of Urie Bronfenbrenner (who was born in Russia), who studies the influence of the environment on the development of the person (and especially of the child). Perhaps it would be better to use the name pre-adolescents or early adolescence by age you have indicated and not children. Good job. Zbigniew
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'Development' itself is a confusing word as it indicates several dimensions altogether. I wish to know the true meaning of 'Development' which possess a holistic acceptance. How can I designate a person or a society 'Developed'? What is the basis of that?
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Development is a characteristic of the organic (and with humans) also the spiritual life. There are different models of development, in quantitative models development is measured by the increase of a variable (e.g. experience, weight, sensory performance etc.), in qualitative models differentiation and on a higher level again the integration of the differentiated parts is one of the most important concepts of development.
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I want to study child trauma, with the end goal of not only working with traumatized kids but also teaching others how to respond to, recognize and 'handle' traumatized kids (e.g. cops, teachers, staffers at psych hospitals etc...). If that's the end goal, where should I start? What sort of literature is considered to be a staple in this field?
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Hi Frances,
The journals Child Maltreatment and Child Abuse & Neglect would be good to look at. You can go to their websites and just start to look at abstracts of their recent issues to get an idea of what is currently being published. The journal Trauma, Violence, & Abuse would also be great to look at. It is a review journal that has a high impact factor (very influential in the field) so everything published reviews the literature in the field and you can get ideas of specific articles to read from there. Though, it isn't specific to child trauma, you can get a sense from the titles if they are focused on children.
The National Child Traumatic Stress Network website would also be great. They have compiled a ton of resources and materials that are easy to digest, have fact sheets, and also host free webinars.
Finally, though you did not ask about it, since you are at Hamline, the University of Minnesota Institute of Child Development (where I received my PhD) has some very key faculty in the field who study child trauma, including my graduate advisor, Dante Cicchetti, and his colleague, Ann Masten. Abi Gewirtz and Canan Karatekin (my secondary advisor) would also be good to look at and you could even reach out to them to try to volunteer in their research labs during the summer/semester. Just go to the icd.umn.edu website and click on "People" to view their faculty profiles to learn more about what they do.
Hope this helps! Good luck.
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Hi all,
I am beginning to write my Undergraduate dissertation on Economic Development in South-East Asia. My primary focus is on the CPEC/OBOR initiative, but I am not sure how to approach the main area of discussion. I have limited experience/use of econometric analysis at my current stage; so If you could be so kind to assist me in what my regression should look like and what development models I should use I would be grateful.
One of the ideas I have been entertaining is to assess the impact Chinese FDI has had on the Pakistani Economy and neighboring countries (Read Afghanistan and India), or possibly the large-scale effects of the Pakistan-China economic partnership in revitalizing the turbulent Pakistani economy, but I am not sure how to convert this into technical econometric analysis. If anyone could help I would be much obliged.
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Good morning. And good luck...
This field of research is full of traps. Measurement issues, theoretical mis-specification and statistical traps.
For example, the widely used Solow-type models give very good econometric fit but are statistically and theoretically flawed. Indeed, aggregate production function (e.g, Cobb and Douglas) fail the Cambridge Capital Theory Controversies Test. More importantly, the estimated parameters of the production function are merely capturing an underlying accounting identity. Hence, no reliance can be placed on the good fit you usually get, and even less on the residual (the total factor productivity).
This said, most people still use it, so why not?
Endogenous growth provides a more multivariate approach, with human capital added to physical one, with the quality of soft and hard public infrastructure (governance, macroeconomic stability, education, transport and communication, etc...). Here, the issues are also of measurement (we cannot observe the depth of trust between economic agents nor their animal spirits) plus econometric issues (endogeneity, basically).
You must also include trade, not only for its short term impact on GDP, but also for its long term influence of total factor productivity (as long as you can measure it).
Speaking about trade, if you work from an international perspective (several countries), you may look into GDP/head convergence and productivity catching-up. Absolute, conditional, through convergence clubs... Huge literature, again...
I do not know of any good solution to the econometrics. The method of moments was “the” solution a couple of decades ago, but has its limits. Instrumental variables are usually not convincing...
This said, it provides for a good thesis subject: lots of different approaches, and lots of issues to be described and explained.
So, you are on the right path.
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is there an important factor to development achievement in Rwandan case? or there are multiple factors makes Rwanda better than other African countries in recent years?
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Do you want an illuminating yet ugly answer? If so, Rwanda found a holonomic structure in the agency of the president. Cf.
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Is economic cooperation and trade between the world's largest economies developing or is this cooperation diminishing due to the current trade wars?
Does the current policy of limiting trade by imposing new prohibitive tariffs and other protectionism instruments of current trade wars may lead to such a serious slowdown in economic growth that it may lead to a global economic crisis?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Dear Friends and Colleagues of RG,
The issues of risk management in the context of determinants of the global financial crisis, globalization processes, technological progress and other factors I described in the publications:
I invite you to discussion and cooperation.
Best wishes
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Most probably
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IELTS test (academic version) most challenging part is the writing part, even for the English native speakers.
Do you think that people who achieve better results in the IELTS Writing part do actually have a better academic writing experience?
I am interested to hear your opinion on this..
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Do you think that people who achieve better results in the IELTS Writing part do actually have a better academic writing experience? Not necessarily. Experience, from a broader point of view, matters.
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As a researcher, if you are given the opportunity to frame a policy for; Holistic development either for an individual, group or community which single area would you select. Please do give only the name of the area only. Thank You
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EDUCATION !
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Exactions are payments in one form or another to local governments to get development permission. The payments could be cash, land, or building of public facilities.
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Hi Peter F. Colwell , the purpose of exactions is for fiscal sustainability and economic growth. The notion of fiscal sustainability is a field of analysis and recommendations of international agencies and many scholars. However, fiscal sustainability analyzed in most of the literature refers to the general control of public finances, especially in relation to public indebtedness. The answer to this question is brought by the Territorial Engineering that innovates in this field. It requires evaluating the fiscal sustainability of territorial programs and component projects. On fiscal sustainability, I recommend the following classic titles:
- BLANCHARD, O. J. (1990). Suggestions for a New Set of Fiscal Indicators, OECD Economics Department Working Papers, No. 79, OECD Publishing.
- BUITER, W. H. (2004). Fiscal Sustainability. Paper presented at the Egyptian Center for Economic Studies in Cairo on 19 October 2003. Revised in 2004. London: European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
- BURNSIDE, C. (2005). Fiscal Sustainability in Theory and Practice: A Handbook. Washington: The World Bank.
- CHALK, N, R. HEMMING (2000). Assessing Fiscal Sustainability in Theory and Practice. In: Banca d’Italia (2000): Fiscal Sustainability. Rome: Banca d´Italia. Web Document: http://www.bancaditalia.it/studiricerche/convegni/atti/fiscal_sust;internal&action=_setlanguage.action?LANGUAGE=en
- INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND (2002). Assessing Sustainability, International Monetary Fund, Washington, DC. Also available at: http://www.imf.org/external/np/pdr/sus/2002/eng/052802.pdf.
- POLITO V, M WICKENS (2005). Measuring Fiscal Sustainability. Centre for Dynamic Macroeconomic Analysis Conference Papers 2005. Castlecliffe: University Of St Andrews.
- TER-MINASSIAN T, M ALLEN (2004). Public Investment and Fiscal Policy. Washington: The International Monetary Fund.
- VICKERMAN R (2007). Recent Evolution of Research into the Wider Economic Benefits of Transport Infrastructure Investments. Discussion Paper N. 2007-9. Boston OECD/ITF Joint Transport Research Centre.
On economic growth:
- AGHION P, S N DURLAUF (2005): Handbook of Economic Growth. 2 vols. Amsterdam: Elsevier
- ALESINA A, R PEROTTI (1994): The Political Economy of Growth: A Critical Survey of the Recent Literature. World Bank Economic Review. 8, 3: 351-371
- BARRO R J, SALA-I-MARTIN X (2004): Economic Growth. 2nd Edition. Cambridge (Massachusetts,Estados Unidos): The MIT Press.
- EASTERLY W, R LEVINE (2001): What have we learned from a decade of empirical research on growth? It's Not Factor Accumulation: Stylized Facts and Growth Models. World Bank Economic Review. 15: 177 - 219.
- KLENOW P J, A RODRÍGUEZ-CLARE (1997): Economic growth: A review essay. Journal of Monetary Economics 40,3:597-6
- PRITCHETT L (2000): Understanding Patterns of Economic Growth: Searching for Hills among Plateaus, Mountains, and Plains. World Bank Economic Review. 14: 221 - 250.
- ROMER P M (1990): Endogenous Technological Change. Part 2: The Problem of Development: A Conference of the Institute for the Study of Free Enterprise Systems. The Journal of Political Economy, 98 (5): S71-S102
- VAMVAKIDIS A (1998): Regional Integration and Economic Growth. World Bank Economic Review, May 1998; 12: 251 – 270.
- WONG P K, Y P HO and E AUTIO (2005). Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Economic Growth: Evidence from GEM data. Small Business
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Does anyone know a resource for data on organ sizes (mass, preferably also dimensions) for fetal mice at various stages of development?
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Tough one.
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I am looking for spss ideas to test whether there is a relationship between personality and how high someone scores in suggestibility?
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As I have not seen your data, I cannot tell.
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First, natural ecosystems should be fully described and precisely presented in the media, including new online media. Then, natural ecosystems should be actively and widely promoted as models of sustainable development, including models of sustainable economic development on a national and global level.
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Dear Friends and Colleagues of RG
First, natural ecosystems should be fully described and precisely presented in the media, including new online media. Then, natural ecosystems should be actively and widely promoted as models of sustainable development, including models of sustainable economic development on a national and global level.
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Best wishes
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Hello collegues,I have an assignment related to development projects and concern partnership between NGO and local CSO, I need guidance on what it should include and the structure. I would appreciate if any of you who have a sample of these type of reports and could share it.
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Hi Heba,
I am the President of one organization that operate in the field of community services. I will give you an idea on the structure. Generally, the structure of report contains a section for the presentation of the organization, and in other section for the goal of the organization, the purpose and activities, the budget and lastly the outcome. Thats for both, your organization and your project. After that, maybe a partnership becomes possible.
Good luck.
Guy Despeignes
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What instruments of activating innovation and entrepreneurship are used in your country and what is the effectiveness of using these instruments?
Are innovation and entrepreneurship significantly increasing in your country as a result of the application of specific instruments for activating innovation and entrepreneurship?
Effectively developed innovation and entrepreneurship should translate into improved growth and economic development.
Therefore, in many developed countries, the state develops programs to support entrepreneurship and innovation.
However, various instruments are used to activate innovation and entrepreneurship in individual countries.
In addition, taking into account the diversified level of economic development and the unequal conditions for the development of enterprises, the effectiveness of applying specific instruments for the activation of innovation and entrepreneurship in individual countries may also be uneven.
Has any of you conducted research in this area?
I am asking for links to scientific publications in which the results of research on the above issues have been presented.
Therefore, I am asking you the following questions:
What instruments of activating innovation and entrepreneurship are used in your country and what is the effectiveness of using these instruments?
Are innovation and entrepreneurship significantly increasing in your country as a result of the application of specific instruments for activating innovation and entrepreneurship?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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Worried about the unemployed youth, Govt. of India is trying to push the youth towards entrepreneurship as jobs created are few and far between. I am a strong advocate of and believe in "Entrepreneurship without innovation has no root and innovation without entrepreneurship has no fruit" (Quote from my book Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation).
A wide spectrum of new programmes and opportunities to nurture innovation have been created by the Government of India across a number of sectors; Atal Incubation Center being one of the great initiative for Innovation and Entrepreneurship..
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ANOVA is a useful quantitative method for analyzing the variances when there are lots of groups and variables. But, could you suggest me a novel and better method in this way?
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It might be worth looking at an older book, Birkes and Dodge's ALternative Methods of Regression. It overs lots of alternatives to regression (and of course ANOVA is just a type of regression).
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Creativity is linked to innovation and is essential for the development of knowledge-based economies. Creativity can also be a source of rationalizing improvements in production processes, but also, for example, it can be a source of artistry in art. It is a necessary condition for the creation of both works of art and various types of innovations, including innovations that build new categories of added value in technological processes and products. Currently, due to the progressive global warming, the importance of ecological innovations increases, so the development of innovation and creativity is still needed, eg in the field of creating new technological solutions in the field of renewable energy, improving waste segregation, creating biodegradable substitutes for plastic materials and degraded reclamation environment.
In addition, creativity to a certain extent, smaller or larger, may apply to all of us. Of course, discoverers, artists, inventors, etc. are usually characterized by a high level of creativity and the ability to generate innovative solutions. However, in everyday life every person tries to be creative, it is one of human characteristics. Thanks to creativity, civilization progress is realized, various inventions are created, new types of products and services, spectacular works of art, new concepts, new trends in art, culture and science. Creativity is a necessary condition for progress and has a long history.
In view of the above, I would like to ask you: The role of creativity and innovation in human life and development of civilization?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion
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Like a light during the night
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Hi fellows,
It's impossible to directly compare values on two physical quantities such as length and time. What about social sciences? For example, with CBCL data from a group of children, can we test if they have a significantly higher externalizing score than internalizing score? Or, can we compare scores on verbal and physical aggression obtained with AQ?
Thanks
Meng
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One way to approach this issue is to transform your actual scale scores to a standardised score (most typically t or z). This will allow you to compare across domains. Many psychometric tests will include tables in the manual to allow this to be done easily, however as long as you have normative data for the scale (ie mean and standard deviation) you can make these calculations yourself.
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