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The COVID-19 pandemic has affected people's lives worldwide. Among various strategies being applied to addressing such a global crisis, public vaccination has been arguably the most appropriate approach to control a pandemic. However, vaccine supply chain and management have become a new challenge for governments. In this study, a solution for the...
Article
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Dimensionality reduction techniques (DR) enhance data interpretability and reduce space complexity, though at the cost of information loss. Such methods have been prevalent in the Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) anomaly detection literature. While DR is favorable in supervised anomaly detection, where possible novelties are known a priori, the e...
Article
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Recycled aggregate concrete-filled steel tubular (RACFST) column is a type of composite column that combines the mechanical efficiencies of concrete-filled steel tubular (CFST) columns and the economic and environmental advantages of recycled aggregate concrete (RAC). Till now, experimental and numerical investigations on the axial compressive beha...
Article
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With simple structure and control, impact inertial piezoelectric actuators are one promising type for precision positioning with large working stroke and high resolution. However, their applications still face some challenges, especially the incompatibility between speed and resolution as well as the motion instability due to the overturning moment...
Technical Report
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Designing a new Wind-turbine blade and a chosen Material is tested under Computational analysis.
Article
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Structural heterogeneities, i.e., spatial fluctuations of free volume, are of vital importance to the plasticity of irradiation-rejuvenated metallic glasses (MGs), but the mechanisms on how they affect the irreversible deformation and strength remain poorly understood. To address this issue, with the help of atomistic simulations, we systematically...
Article
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A composite supercapacitor electrode material, MnO2 decorated cobalt-iron Prussian blue analogue (CoPBA), has been rationally designed and fabricated through a facile precipitation method. The surface encapsulation of MnO2 onto CoPBA can result in improved electrochemical performances, because the uniformly covered MnO2 increases not only the elect...
Chapter
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The present study explores an extensive approach to the SAPEVO-M method, based on a hierarchical and hybrid analysis, dealing with variables of quantitative and qualitative natures. Named SAPEVO-H2, the modeling, based on the multicriteria approach, enables the evaluation of alternatives in the light of multiple criteria, providing the integration...
Article
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Multinuclear metal complexes can effectively improve the catalytic activity of catalysts for ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of cyclic esters. If the catalytic metal centers are close enough to each other, they divide the labor of coordination-insertion reactions in polymerization processes. If the catalytic metal centers are too far apart, and t...
Article
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Teaching the properties of geometric shapes in traditional ways does not help children to understand them, nor does it enable them to visualize them. It may need methods that correspond to the characteristics and tendencies of children and more interesting methods based on fun learning. Designing 3D geometric shapes with children through pop-up mec...
Chapter
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This section offers an introduction to this book, Designing Smart and Resilient Cities for a Post-Pandemic World: Metropandemic Revolution. This chapter explains some of the past perceptions of future cities and the concepts and notions behind “smart cities”. The chapter then continues to discuss pandemics and the case of COVID-19. The chapter then...
Book
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Are pandemics the end of cities? Or, do they present an opportunity for us to reshape cities in ways making us even more innovative, successful and sustainable? Pandemics such as COVID-19 (and comparable disruptions) have caused intense debates over the future of cities. Through a series of investigative studies, Designing Smart and Resilient Citi...
Chapter
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The Niagara power generating stations represent formidable historic Canadian and American milestones in the generation of hydroelectric power. In particular, the turn-of-the-last century stations were among the first to generate alternating current (AC) power, which is more readily transmitted than direct current (DC) and has since become the world...
Article
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The performance of a driving automation system (DAS) can influence the human drivers' trust in the system. This driving-simulator study examined how different types of DAS failures affected drivers' trust. The automation-failure type (no-failure, takeover-request, system-malfunction) was manipulated among 122 participants, when a critical hazard ev...
Article
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Metal-air batteries (MABs) and fuel cells (FCs) critically rely on electrocatalytic O2 activation, and O2 reduction reaction (ORR), with noble metal-free materials. However, the inception of their synergist reactivity is still unclear due to several electronic and structural limitations. Therefore, the correlation between their science and engineer...
Article
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Digital twins represent physical systems in virtual space to enable knowledge intensive tasks. For complex physical systems, effective digital integration can often be achieved by means of a system of aggregated digital twins coupled with a services network. Designing such a system of digital twins and services involves a daunting array of options...
Chapter
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Deep learning is a part of machine learning applied in many applications, from object detection to disease prediction. In 2013, deep neural networks were vulnerable to perturbed samples during the testing/deployment stage. Deep learning becomes a significant issue when we apply such algorithms in designing safety–critical applications. Deep neural...
Article
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Single-degree-of-freedom continuous variable bending mechanisms (Single-DOF CVBMs) have been widely used because of their flexible properties and simple control. However, designing a single-DOF CVBM with complex bending configurations is difficult, and it is further difficult to realize single-DOF of a composite CVBM combined by single-DOF CVBMs. I...
Article
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The mechanical properties of amorphous materials are closely related to their energy states (enthalpy). Usually, a higher energy state corresponds to larger plasticity and lower hardness. Here, we explore the correlation between the enthalpy and hardness of rejuvenated Au-based metallic glasses (MGs). We found that the rejuvenated MG with a high-en...
Article
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In this paper, a plasmonic waveguide including a sandwiched SiO 2 channel between a graphene layer and a silicon ridge is designed. The surface plasmon polaritons are concentrated near the graphene and propagate along the graphene-SiO 2 interface. By adjusting the chemical potential of graphene at 0.1 eV and 0.5 eV, the propagation loss of 486.3 dB...
Article
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One of the most recent challenges that manufacturers confront is to respond on time to the variety of customers’ demands for different products. The Assembly line is the main element responsible for assembling products in manufacturing systems, and it requires good management to avoid several problems that could lead to production failures. The mix...
Article
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The main objective of this study is to identify the concept of human engineering and its importance to shed light on the role of human engineering in the cockpit design in enhancing aviation safety. Quantitative analysis was carried out on data from (417) pilots in EgyptAir. The results revealed that human engineering in the cockpit design positive...
Article
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A test case is a cornerstone of the testing process; hence, it is quintessential to ensure the quality of the test cases. However, test case design in the Agile testing process has limitations that affect its quality standards, leading to the failure of many software projects. Previous studies are limited in providing a clear guideline for assessin...
Article
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Manufacturing export and entrepreneurship have become increasingly important for economic development. However, there is limited information systems research examining the role of regional ICT infrastructure, knowledge infrastructure, democracy, and the number of foreign tourists for entrepreneurship activities and manufacturing export. This study...
Article
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Batik Kawung is one of the most popular batik patterns in Indonesia. This pattern can be displayed as an attractive and artistic ornament of ceramic plate products. This ornament can increase the selling value and storytelling of the product. Computer-based virtual design and manufacturing (VDM) technology is used to produce Kawung batik patterns t...
Article
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In colposcopy-assisted diagnosis, the difference between the different lesion grades of colposcopic images is small, and the visual similarity is high. Therefore, it is a very challenging task to accurately diagnose cervical lesions through colposcopic images. This paper proposes a new risk assessment net of cervical lesions in colposcopic images (...
Article
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Today, in addition to economic issues, companies face social and environmental challenges in designing their products to stay in a competitive world. One of the essential steps in product sustainability is material selection. Determining the optimal combination of materials to make multi-component products is complicated because there are several m...
Article
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E-learning systems, which are used for teaching complex software, can facilitate learning if they provide an appropriate teaching approach that decreases learners’ cognitive load in addition to providing practical knowledge. We believe there is lack of cognitively guided educational recommendations on how to effectively and efficiently design such...
Article
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The present study examines the impact of remittances (foreign and domestic) on labour participation decisions and hours worked in Ethiopia. By exploiting nationally representative panel data obtained from the Ethiopian Socio-Economic Survey (ESS) 2013/14 and 2015/16, this study finds that receiving foreign remittances has a negative impact on the a...
Article
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How can we make software services evolve safely and be long-lived? By designing on the premise of microservices, the services become loosely coupled, which can localise the changes in the system and accelerate the changes. However, from a medium- to long-term perspective, it is not easy to respond to changes in technology trends, business changes i...
Article
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Wearable electronics sector is a fast-growing industry due to the rapid progress gained by developing textile-based conductive materials and conductive yarns. The demand for wireless communication in smart textiles has been increasing progressively, and therefore textile antennas will create potential benefits for wireless applications. Microstrip...
Article
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In this paper, we investigate the distributed recursive fault estimation problem for a class of discrete time-varying systems with binary encoding schemes over a sensor network. The fault signal with zero second-order difference is taken into account to reflect the sensor failures. Since the communication bandwidth in practice is constrained, the b...
Article
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Computational prediction of the behavior of concentrated protein solutions is particularly advantageous in early development stages of biotherapeutics when material availability is limited and a large set of formulation conditions needs to be explored. This review provides an overview of the different computational paradigms that have been successf...
Article
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Semiconductor devices generally take advantage of the charge of electrons, whereas magnetic materials are used for recording information involving electron spin. To make use of both charge and spin of electrons in semiconductors, a high concentration of magnetic elements can be introduced in nonmagnetic III-V semiconductors to make magnetic semicon...
Article
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To address the increasing energy consumption and serious environmental problems, it is critical to develop efficient and clean energy conversion and storage devices. Among various categories of materials, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are one of the promising candidates that can realize the practical application of these devices. Therefore, it ha...
Article
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The present research aims to identify the role of future planning scenarios in reducing the social impacts of the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic in Saudi Arabia. It defines the foundations of the success, types, approaches for using, as well as criteria and indicators of designing and building future planning scenarios to reduce the social impacts...
Chapter
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What constitutes a data practice and how do contemporary digital media technologies reconfigure our understanding of practices in general? Autonomously acting media, distributed digital infrastructures, and sensor-based media environments challenge the conditions of accounting for data practices both theoretically and empirically. Which forms of co...
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The authors utilize a meta-analysis of the literature and grounded theory strategy to dissect some of the most widely utilized female sex offender typology studies of the past several decades. A historical account of the process of female sex offender classification is detailed, and emerging research on the implications of trauma in the behavioral...
Article
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Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) have been touted as a disruptive innovation with a low-cost and flexible option for opening up higher education. However, existing barriers of MOOCs such as a low retention rate and a low forum participation rate have limited their capacity of serving learners. To strengthen the potential of MOOCs, a compelling d...
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A R T I C L E I N F O Keywords: NH 3 selective catalytic reduction Double-atom catalyst Density functional theory calculations Microkinetic modeling A B S T R A C T Theoretically designing a catalyst with high catalytic activity for ammonia selective catalytic reduction (NH 3-SCR) reaction at low temperature to guide the subsequent experimental syn...
Conference Paper
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In this study, in order to address the supply chain network design problem, a mathematical programming model was developed. The model considers operational and financial decisions at the same time for designing a four-chelon supply chain network. The developed model provides an accounts payable policy for the company managers because it considers t...
Article
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This work attempts to enhance the solar energy harvesting in the solar power tower by designing a new receiver tube enhanced by a solar transparent aerogel. Initially, by establishing an opticalthermal model, the influences of the aerogel are studied, finding the optical efficiency decreases while the thermal efficiency increases with increasing ae...
Conference Paper
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Chatbots are increasingly used to provide customer service. However, despite technological advances, customer service chatbots frequently reach their limits in customer interactions. This is not immediately apparent to both chatbot operators (e.g., customer service managers) and chatbot developers because analyzing conversational data is difficult...
Article
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Working time reduction (WTR) is a policy that could improve quality of life while reducing environmental impacts. However, WTR coupled with a salary reduction may benefit only higher-income earners and increase social inequalities. Against this background, we analyze how the motivations for and the socioecological outcomes from working less vary ac...
Article
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Precipitate strengthened high-temperature alloys are currently used in safety-critical applications. Understanding precipitate stability and solute segregation mechanisms at high temperatures is key to designing high-strength alloys. Rapid in-situ approaches, therefore, are pivotal in accelerating the alloy design process. Hereby using the test cas...
Article
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Available at https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1fofJ,714Mn9EW Increasing shipping in the Bering Strait Region (BSR) has prompted the two coastal states, the United States and Russia, to implement measures aimed at reducing the risks to the region’s sensitive marine environment and local population dependent on subsistence economies. A significant step...
Article
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This article contributes to recent discussions on internet-based methods as a way to include more diverse samples in research (Casler et al., 2013; Newman et al., 2021). Discussion specifically focuses on designing psycholinguistic research that maximises accessibility and minimises harm for adults learning languages across writing systems in fragi...
Article
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Machine learning for hospital operations is under-studied. We present a prediction pipeline that uses live electronic health-records for patients in a UK teaching hospital’s emergency department (ED) to generate short-term, probabilistic forecasts of emergency admissions. A set of XGBoost classifiers applied to 109,465 ED visits yielded AUROCs from...
Article
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Microwave has been widely used in many fields, including communication, medical treatment and military industry; however, the corresponding generated radiations have been novel hazardous sources of pollution threating human’s daily life. Therefore, designing high-performance microwave absorption materials (MAMs) has become an indispensable requirem...
Article
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Biomedical implants require stiffnesses matching those of the surrounding bone to avoid stress shielding. Triply-periodic-minimal-surface (TPMS) structures have shown promising characteristics in preventing stress shielding; however, they are limited in allowing for anisotropic stiffness properties that are typically inherent in bone. This paper pr...
Article
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This paper describes a novel electrostatically actuated microgripper with freeform geometries designed by a genetic algorithm. This new semiautomated design methodology is capable of designing near-optimal MEMS devices that are robust to fabrication tolerances. The use of freeform geometries designed by a genetic algorithm significantly improves th...
Article
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Background The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted the mental health and well-being of health care workers (HCWs). This study examined mental health outcomes and COVID-related stress impacts among a diverse sample of ambulatory HCWs, including clinicians and support staff, as well as the associations between mental health outcomes and work impairments i...
Article
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A conceptual model should illustrate the most significant concepts of a given problem domain and demonstrate relevant aspects related to that domain. In this paper, a conceptual model for a Transportation and Logistics Observatory (TLO) is proposed along with the pathways for its development. TLO is a place, properly equipped with human and technol...
Article
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Modeling social media activity has numerous practical implications such as in helping analyze strategic information operations, designing intervention techniques to mitigate disinformation, or delivering critical information during disaster relief operations. In this paper, we propose a modeling technique that forecasts topic-specific daily volume...
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With an increasing number of vehicles becoming autonomous, intelligent, and connected, paying attention to the future usage of car human-machine interface (HMI) with these vehicles should become more relevant. Several studies have addressed car HMI but were less attentive to designing and implementing interactive glazing for everyday (autonomous) d...
Article
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The design of district and urban energy efficient retrofitting projects is a major challenge if contrasted solutions want to be implemented. From the establishment of the criteria to the calculation of indicators, there are several aspects to be considered, such as evaluating a series of refurbishment solutions or establishing an adequate method to...
Article
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Human activities widely exhibit a power-law distribution. Considering stock trading as a typical human activity in the financial domain, the first aim of this paper is to validate whether the well-known power-law distribution can be observed in this activity. Interestingly, this paper determines that the number of accumulated lead–lag days between...
Article
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The rapid advance of mild aqueous zinc-ion batteries (ZIBs) is driving the development of the energy storage system market. But the thorny issues of Zn anodes, mainly including dendrite growth, hydrogen evolution, and corrosion, severely reduce the performance of ZIBs. To commercialize ZIBs, researchers must overcome formidable challenges. Research...
Article
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We consider the problem of deploying a quantum network on an existing fiber infrastructure, where quantum repeaters and end nodes can only be housed at specific locations. We propose a method based on integer linear programming (ILP) to place the minimal number of repeaters on such an existing network topology, such that requirements on end-to-end...
Article
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Tendinopathies are common overuse disorders that arise both in athletes and the general population. Available tendon treatments are used both for women and men without distinction. However, the existence of a sex-based difference in tendon biology is widely demonstrated. Since basic research represents the foundation for treatment development, an e...
Article
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Experimental design is an effective statistical tool that is extensively applied in modern industry, engineering, and science. It is proved that experimental design is a powerful and efficient means to screen the relationships between input factors and their responses, and to distinguish significant and unimportant factor effects. In many practical...
Article
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Variability is essential for the efficient functioning of multiple systems in nature. Systems do not function according to rigid rules, easy to determine. The reasons for such behaviour directly affect the design and efficient energy utilization. In this paper, we review the relevant studies and present examples of variabilities in the functions of...