Questions related to Design Research
I’m often asked to suggest academic Design Journals, but find it hard to find a 'one-stop' list so researchers/ students can review and select. I’ve started a rough list in no particular order (link below). Any Design related journal suggestions would be welcome, from Innovation to engineering, education to ergonomics, UX to Design history, etc. Discipline-specific or Interdisciplinary.
Please offer some suggestions and Il add them to the list. Looking for quality, peer-reviewed offerings.
Hello researchers and experts,
I hope this post finds you well. I am currently conducting research in the field of drug design and (POM) theory. I am excited to connect with fellow researchers and experts who share a similar interest in this area and explore potential collaboration opportunities.
My research focuses on utilizing computational approaches and applying POM theory to enhance drug discovery and optimization processes. I firmly believe that collaboration is key to advancing scientific knowledge and achieving breakthroughs in this field.
If you are actively engaged in drug design research , I invite you to join forces and collaborate on exciting projects. Together, we can explore novel methodologies, share insights, and contribute to the advancement of this crucial field.
Please feel free to reach out to me if you are interested in discussing potential collaboration opportunities. I am eager to learn from your expertise and work together towards scientific excellence.
Thank you for your time, and I look forward to the possibility of collaborating with you
There are two main types of research: Qualitative research and Quantitative research. Your research question will be based on the type of research you want to conduct and the type of data collection.
The first step in designing research involves identifying a gap and creating a focused research question.
Below is a list of common research questions that can be used in a dissertation. How research question can be created for a specific problem and a related data collection ?
I will use a mixed-methods research to conduct my study. Can I use Metacognitive Awareness Listening Questionnaire (MALQ) as an instrument of a qualitative design research to explore the ways that metacognitive strategy instruction facilities the receptive skills learning? I have read several articles which all use this questionnaire in their quantitative design.
particularly I am going to conduct an explorativ study using content analisis ; the procedure is to ask secondary school teachers to write a story from their professional activity where they not according to moral norms
Investigating the impact of one variable to the other in educational studies
Have you been curious about the experience of qualitative research participants?
Often when we explore lived experience in qualitative research, participants tell us about some aspects of their life in such a way that they may have never told someone before. When going through such research procedures (like interviews or focused groups) have you been curious about the influence of your designed research procedures on participants' lives? Have you wondered how to do research on the impacts of research participation and the ethical dimensions and issues surrounding such procedures?
When I observed mathematics education in preservice teachers at my university, I found that What students learn in mathematics classes does not match what is needed in school mathematics classes. That led to my initiation to do design research, a Hypothetical Learning Trajectory that contains a sequence of learning processes related to elementary school mathematics learning. I consider starting with observations in elementary math class to identify misconceptions, then jointly reviewing issues on campus, conducting literature reviews, designing lessons to address identified problems, implementing them in class and evaluating the results. The final result is a Local Instructional Theory on Learning about Teaching Mathematics for prospective teachers to overcome misconceptions that occur in elementary mathematics classes. I need so many suggestions to do this research.
How we come out safely from Covid-19 pandemic is not going to be easy. This one proposal by researchers seems like a good strategy for lockdown and exit, both, if the world wants to avoid certain economic meltdown. One common problem in most lockdowns: people are still connected by some daily use objects, artifacts, air, etc., in the grocery store, water foundations, shops, etc. What we now see is a nation or state base lockdowns. Exit strategy may need to involve deconstructing society into its fundamental blocks before reconstructing society from these same healed blocks. To deconstruct the research proposes identifying green zones where Covid-19 is less or safe and red zones where its unsafe or difficult to control. The green zones may be connected and the red zones would be lockdown within a town or city also. The red zones would eventually join the green network once it controls the virus spread.
Some excerpts: “In France, people are asked to stay within 1km of their homes. Although such a measure significantly slows down the spread, the virus can still travel through the entire network. In a city like Paris, two people who are 2km apart may still share the same grocery shop, and so everyone in this 10km city is connected within five degrees of separation. Instead of enforcing a radius of movement for each individual, as is the case in France, they propose that it would work better if people were allowed to move within disconnected areas, such as counties, towns, or boroughs. Obviously, such a division would be easier to enforce between separate towns than between boroughs of one single town. Division between some zones may therefore need to be legally enforced, while divisions between other zones merely recommended. This would, of course, represent a step up in state-enforced control in many countries.”
I am currently writing a comprehensive survey paper. But have already worked out my research premises and submitted them for review. I want to write the survey under the same light as my research domain, particularly stressing my objectives and research questions. So, a general-purpose survey seems very broad whereas systematic literature reviews/mapping seems quite advanced at this stage. I want to keep my survey paper a generic theme but also want to uphold my own specific designed research questions and identified gaps.
Can a generic survey paper have specified research questions that we find in many systematic literature review/mapping articles?
Hello, I am trying to figure out a independent variable that I can manipulate having to do with motivation or learning in a 2x2 design. I’m trying to find something that is not school focused as I need more flexibility in gathering participants and don’t know many people.
It is for a school project and I’ve spent days researching trying to come up with something. Any help is greatly appreciated!
I was browsing the Berlin Biennale Archive materials and saw that artists use sociological concepts for both explanation and creation of value there. This is very close to the concepts of social co-creation of value and the change of perspective from competency to activism in action research and design thinking.
Look at this for example:
THE 7TH BERLIN BIENNALE ARCHIVE: DRAFTSMEN'S CONGRESS, PAWEŁ ALTHAMER https://artmuseum.pl/en/archiwum/archiwum-7-berlin-biennale/2054?read=all
FORGET FEAR, Foreword by Artur Żmijewski http://blog.berlinbiennale.de/en/comments/forget-fear-a-foreword-by-artur-zmijewski-19528.html
Can you see any similarities and potential for cooperation? Is a joint conference of these artists and action/design researchers a good idea?
Look also into my discussion: Does the new (attention: shocking) interpretation of Manet's Olympia develop knowledge about social processes of value creation?
One of the things that has to be done so that design researchers and marketing researchers can work together is to agree the languages they use. It seems to me that one of the language barriers to overcome is using the "aesthetics" category in marketing.
For marketing researchers (Homburg 2015), "aesthetics" means "... is good looking; agree 12345 disagree".
It is difficult to consider such an understanding of "aesthetics" as relevant when taking into account, for instance, the designs of Celine tunics inspired by the works of Ives Klein Anthropometry, presented at fashion week Paris, spring-summer 2017.
Design researchers would rather ask "what does it mean?" or "what values embody these tunics?"
As the importance of competing with meanings increases, marketing researchers should research values as "what does it mean?" rather than "does it look good?" This could be one of the things that closes the gap between marketing and design languages and, consequently, research.
What do you think about it? Any interesting research published? I haven't seen any.
Maybe it's a topic for the
Creativity and Innovation Management
Special Issue – Call for papers
“Design & Marketing: Intersections and Challenges”
Call for Contributions
I am chairing the track "Design Thinking to Improve Creative Problem-Solving: from the kindergarten to higher education" at the 2021 LearnxDesign International conference for design education researchers organized by the Pedagogy SIG of Design Research Society (DRS).
The track seeks submissions that will support the exploration of how school teachers, leaders, and students have incorporated design-based methods focused on creative problem-solving.
The submissions can be both academic papers, case studies, and workshops. All of them will be evaluated by double-blind reviews.
The conference will take place in September 2021 at Shandong University of Art & Design, in Jinan, China. The Covid-19 pandemic may force the conference to be held online.
You can find more information about the conference, the track and the call on this website:
Researchers experiment with individual and group of designers. In engineering design what are pros and cons (in general) for doing experiment with two designers in a group?
I am looking for a rigorous way to code and analyse visual data (e.g. photos of products) for insights. In specific from a phenomenological perspective.
I would like to collect contacts for a planned symposium on Integral Sustainable Design and for networking in general on the topic.
Also see our call for articles in a special issue of the journal, Sustainability. The theme will be "Integral Sustainable Design research and Practice."
I am involved in an interactive implementation project as a researcher, collaborating with practitioners in identifying evidence-based pathways for making workplace improvements. I have three questions about this set-up:
What are the facilitators and barriers that you face in your interactive research projects?
What are the methods and tools that help you overcome the barriers you face in such project?
How do you follow and evaluate such processes on a meta level?
One of my students is setting up an experiment to test the effect of smart cameras on bridge operators’ situation awareness. In this experiment participants will watch 50 short videos per condition (smart camera vs. normal camera). After each video participants need to answer one simple question. Furthermore, after each condition the participants are asked to answer 6 questions.
We are looking for a software package in which we can set up this experiment. This means we need a software package in which we can combine the short videos (100 in total) and the questions. This software should not only allow to display the videos and questions, but also to capture the participants’ answers. For the video part of the experiment it is preferable that the screen only exists of the video itself, so not white/black frame around the video.
What is a suitable software package which we can use to create this experiment set-up?
Natural disasters and Force Majeure including, but not limited to, act of God, acts or orders of governmental authorities, tsunamis, earthquakes, fire, flood, typhoon, tidal wave, or hurricanes have caused unprecedented amount of lost to lives and properties around the world. Design disciplines, such as architecture and environmental design have responded well to such events in two main ways. The first obvious answer to disasters like earthquakes and tsunamis is the physical structural resilience of the built environment, such as buildings, infrastructures, and landscapes especially along the sea coasts. The second intervention measure is the social disaster preparedness of the community and individual. Amongst many others, these two physical and social resilience preparedness in the face of natural disasters can be observed in various design oeuvre: urban, building projects and products.
The so called lockdown ordered by governments around the world is essential to fight the pandemic. While acknowledging the necessity it is also clear these measures could cripple the world economy, trade, connectivity, etc., and bring on a global recession never seen before in such a large scale in the world history. Amidst these uncertain times, the normal practices of meetings are replaced by video conferences and other forms of connectivity. But, these shift was made possible with the current information and technology. However the habitats we now occupy can be said to be a programme and agenda, or products of the past eras. Given such conditions, how can Covid-19 pandemic influence design and design research? How will such a pandemic initiate positive changes in the field of design and research to conform to socially, economically, and environmentally responsible agendas?
I am interested in those who wrote something about designers designing in tune to their worldview / beliefs.
Am in the very early stages to design research proposal, interested in Cellular Automata Model for Highway Geometric/alignment design?
Any clue as I like it but I fail to integrate the two ideas.
What are the data needed and exclusion criteria for the researches studying the prevalence of infectious diseases or viral infection incidence in epidemiological researches?
How to design the study and what are the suggestions to get a good questionnaire form?
The Phenomenological Approach is one of the philosophical approaches that affected architectural design and scientific research. I’d like to get some evidences by architects or researchers by using this approach.
I understand design knowledge should be used to make design decisions in design research project. For that reason, knowledge systematization is a necessary capability where the learned knowledge could be used to make design decisions or create an innovation. However, I haven´t found literature where knowledge systematization steps are described. I have just found literature about knowledge management cycle. Could you recommend some articles or describe some knowledge systematization stages?
In a research (e.g. computer science, etc.) that involves enhancing existing algorithm or introducing a new algorithm: 1. What will the research design involves? 2. How does one quantify the research method (since research method is either quantitative or qualitative or mixed methods) ?
Can you frame research questions, problem statement and design methodology? We can co-develop the proposal for seeking solid/co-funding? Looking forward to hearing from Scientific communities.
There are usually some controversies or contentions particularly with whom first author, corresponding author and last author should be. While some institutions only reckon first author for full score during evaluation, other positions are not 'so' countenanced.
This authors positioning becomes major subject of controversies especially when supervisor is not yet a full grade professor. While corresponding author sometimes design the research and provides intellectual supervision, s/he losses some percentage during evaluations for not being the first author based on some institutional disposition.
Is there really a global standard with respect to authors' positioning on manuscript?
The analytical approach to the principles of designing with the forces of nature, climate, in a deliberate and empirical way can be said to be a seminal and critical design research method, especially in architectural theory. The aim being sustainable design as a matter of necessity and socio-economically responsible agenda in design practices. Some researchers opined that the need to have adequate and sufficient weather and solar house component operating data is a prerequisite in any attempt to evaluate solar house design performance. In this similar vein, it has been highlighted that climate, socio-lifestyle (use), and architectural design affordances of form and function, and economical low-energy building operation systems are strategic parameters.
‘WHAT’ parameters can be added or reduce? ‘HOW’ can these parameters contribute in the (Re)Search for appropriate architectural design paradigms? For instances, Can we reduce the process of 'design research' by omitting some steps, such as on-site survey and measurements? In other words, the design research is essentially proposing a quantum proportion passive solar house modules base on climate, optimum design elements, and most energy efficient lifestyle operations.
There is a lot of discussion about Biophilic Design nowadays. But, have we, as designers and researchers, understood what Biophilia really means? How do we design and care about human well-being? Is this measurable? Do we have really meaningful designs and case studies to showcase and/or suggest for scholars to be taught and be inspired? I shall appreciate your thoughts, as you may help my students at various levels of architectural and urban design.
The aim of the question is to collect broad reflections on the development of Design as a knowledge-creating discipline, especially on doctoral level research, and the internal or external factors that affect its impact.
It's well understood that "Design process" can initiate changes in the relationships of things, situations and phenomena and people for the better. "Design as a Process" affords a shift from the invisible to the transparent visible and shareable approach and it can be useful for analyzing, deconstructing an usually large complex projects into different phases/stages to facilitate easy implementation, management or coordination amongst members.
What do you think? Please share your thoughts and ideas!
I have been using systematic reviews to investigate and analyse specific knowledge areas (Product-Service Systems) and industries (medical devices) through the lens of Circular Economy business models.
I'm applying systematic literature review (Tranfield2003, Moher2009) of cases considering mainly secondary sources - published case studies for PSS and internet entries for medical devices. A deductive content analysis (Elo2008, Hsieh2005, Mayring2000) is used to analyse such cases.
I understand that systematic review of cases is widely used in Medical areas. I would like to know if anyone knows some widespread work on Operations management / Design research that makes use of a systematic review of cases to investigate a specific topic.
Also, is there any reference for such a methodology that I could borrow from medical areas or that already has been adapted to fields connected to social sciences?
Thanks for your time and let me know if I can be any more specific.
Elo, S., & Kyngäs, H. (2008). The qualitative content analysis process. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 62(1), 107–115. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2007.04569.x
Hsieh, H.-F., & Shannon, S. E. (2005). Three Approaches to Qualitative Content Analysis. Qualitative Health Research, 15(9), 1277–1288. https://doi.org/10.1177/1049732305276687
Mayring, P. (2000). Qualitative Content Analysis. Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 1(2).
Moher, D., Liberati, A., Tetzlaff, J., Altman, D. G., Altman, D., Antes, G., … Tugwell, P. (2009). Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: The PRISMA statement. PLoS Medicine, 6(7). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000097
Tranfield, D., Denyer, D., & Smart, P. (2003). Towards a Methodology for Developing Evidence-Informed Management Knowledge by Means of Systematic Review, 14, 207–222.
Each space have special characteristics, which should achieve human needs. The of the question is to identify the quality list of factors that designers and researchers considered
I am considering applying for PhD in Interaction Design / HCI, but I was wondering if anyone might have some tips on what topic to focus on for my proposal.
I am thinking about focusing on something related to smell based interfaces to help users with meditation/sleep/age factors etc.
OR wearable technology to help with depression/stress.
I have just started my work with wastewater. I was little confused about the composition of synthetic medium given in literatures. As for textile waste water, Can anyone give me a clear view of choosing the right salts which mimics the real effluent characteristics? And Could someone explain how the synthetic wastewater are designed for research purpose?
As I wrote in my chapter "The i2Flex Methodology: De nition, Praxis, and Conditions for Success" (Avgerinou & Gialamas, 2016), "the relationship of CoI to QM was identified and researched only recently (Bogle et al., 2009; Swan et al., 2010; 2014). Although these tools cannot be connected to each other, they can both lead to improved outcomes when used in online and blended courses. The researchers support the use of the QM “as a guide to activities development for online and blended courses” (Shattuck, 2015, p. 18). This way, the course will be designed “with an eye toward the development of the CoI presences in course implemen- tation provided the structure to insure that the high quality and inquiry focus of the original courses were preserved” (Bogle, et al., 2009, p. 62). In particular, QM Standards 1(course overview), 2(learner objectives), 3(assessments) are connected to designing for cognitive presence; Standards 2(course ob- jectives), 4(learning activities), 6(pedagogically appropriate technologies) are connected to designing for teaching presence, while Standards 2 (learning objectives), 5(learning engagement), and 7(learner support) are connected to designing for social presence" (p. 149).
At this point I am looking for instructional design and/or research experiences stemming from the convergence of these two areas within a Higher Ed, or K12 *blended* context. Thanks!
I'm currently designing my research on the learning of sentence stress by EFL learners. I've designed four sentences for each stress type, and plan to have my participants read each sentence twice (or three times, as the default design for research on speech production). I'm not sure if the numbers of sentences and repetitions for each stress type is sufficient for evaluating the L2 learners' performance.
Also, I'll ask my participants to do a perception task. Do I need to include the same amount of stimuli as in the production task?
I can have more sentences and ask my participants to repeat more, but that will be too demanding to the participants.
In brief, my question is: What is the ideal number of stimuli for a certain speech feature in order to assess L2 learners' perception and production of this feature?
Thanks a lot.
I am planning a small research proposal as a part of one of my masters' units. The broead topic of the proposal is social differences in students' academic achievement. I am interested in investigating whether there is a correlation between peer victimization and Academic achievement, using a test of relationships (Pearson, Spearman, Kendall etc.) The sample will be students from ethnic minority groups. My variables will be peer victimization which will be the independent variable and academic achievement which will be the dependent variable. I was thinking of include race/ethnicity as a third variable but if I do so, I don't know which will be the appropriate test for testing the relationship of all three variables.
Can you spot any drawbacks on the research design or in the Research Question?
Is there any reliable and valid measurement for primary school students' academic achievement?
I would appreciate that, because I am a novice in research.
e-learning and information design are research points start from previous years and still there are many conference care and support them. However if any research adopt these point and other related topics, not found encouragement.
what big problems are we working on today in 2018, and what problems can we dream to solve through future information science research?
I interviewed clients for designing a mean that helps them solving a problem they encounter.
Since I am running out of time and my deadline is approaching, I was advised to change my research question from a design research to a needs assessment. Now I am asking myself if I have to change my sub-questions that I got answered to sub-questions that match the new main question.
Actually I got an answer for what mean is needed but I cannot design it anymore. So how can I describe this instead of altering my subquestions and main question?
How have approaches in sustainable design research evolved together (or not) with sustainable design practice? What has been the relationship between both? Has sustainable design research informed/contested/reinforced, etc. sustainable design practice? How?
I am aware of historical overviews of sustainable design practice, how designers have conceived sustainability and acted accordingly over time (e.g. Madge, 1993; Madge, 1997; Knight, 2009; Keitsch, 2012; Ceschin and Gaziulusoy, 2016). Are there similar overviews regarding sustainable design research?
It seems to me that research has been very much overlapping with practice and that two approaches have dominated academic production: a) using practice-based research to enable a better world and b) analysing initiatives from practice to highlight trends and propose sustainable design strategies for practitioners. Am I right? What other relationships have emerged?
Many proposals are made (by visionaries and/or academic researchers) about what good design should be (e.g. the cradle-to-cradle manifesto within sustainability), how to do design research (e.g. context mapping), or of tools to help designers. In practice they are often applied in simplified, streamlined or even dogmatic ways. Has anyone studied the potential of anticipating the future applications by professionals (and amateurs), that may not have full expertise of a philosophy, method or tool? Could mis-use and mis-application be prevented by anticipating this inevitable phenomenon?
My research is on leadership development i.e., how do individuals develop into leaders. I am choosing leaders from society, for the research, for the following reasons:
1. Leadership, being a social and lifelong process, can only be understood well when the whole leadership development cycle of individuals is being studied in societal setup (starting with their families and childhood); and
2. Organisational context for understanding the formation/development of leadership is often misleading.
One way to do this would be to design the research as phenomenology, recording the lived experiences of leaders. I can also, possibly, design the research as a narrative/biographical by studying one or two such leaders but that would delimit the formation of a theory of leadership development. During my study, I found out that living leaders are less accessible and share less about their true life experiences resulting in more challenges for developing a theory.
On the other hand, I have found out that tremendous work has been done on legendary leaders like Martin Luther King Jr. and Mahatma Gandhi. Books, articles, followers, and experts are abundantly available on these leaders. Great details of their lives are stored and easily accessible. I tend to strike out Narrative/biographical design for two main reasons: one, sample size, which is a minimum of three leaders for my research and two, I am not focusing on all the aspects of these leaders but just those aspects/events that made them into leaders (something that falls short of the scope of narrative/biography). Can I still design my research as phenomenology? Can I record the experiences of the followers and experts of these leaders to see how did they into leaders over time? If this is not what phenomenology is all about then what other design options do I have?
I´m looking for some meaningful strategies for validating design guidelines in the information systems context. So I found some examples using iterative process and mixed methods but I want to check if there is better options with theoretical support to avoid a concept test or field work.
My best option so far is the section 5 in:
Thank you for your suggestions
I'm planning to research into the domain of non-formally trained graphic designers in the communication design field which appears to be a grey area. The term 'non-formally trained graphic designers' refers to persons practising as designers without any formal education and or training in graphic design. I'm looking forward to finding out about issues related to review of related literature, methodology and analysis of my proposed topic.
Attached is a proposal I have written to that effect for your perusal
We are working on the topic of research by design and how can be actually applied to formalize research results and documents. From the fundamental texts by Bruce Archer and Christopher Frayling to the more recent book by Richard Foqué or the memorandum written by Jeremy Till for the RIBA, we are working on establishing a framework for different possibilities of applied design research. We would be very thankful for any comment, suggestion or text reference, thus any experience or research related. We are specially focused in Architectural design.
Technology is changing fast and wayfinding indoors up until now has lacked a good solution. Beacons and the such like have been considered for making it possible to have a GPS style feature indoors but as yet seem to work whereby they pinpoint users accurately. What solutions are out there?
How do we find out what reasoning strategies architects use? I would like to exclude from this project heuristics-based reasoning. Instead I would like to limit to reasoning that can be mimicked by using available design artifacts and reasoning rules - no domain knowledge :-/ yet
The process that I've used during my project has been to let participants use my prototype, do a semi-structured interview, transcribe the interviews, analyzed them using open coding and tried to discover patterns (by cutting out sentences that represented a certain idea and put them in piles physically) that served as input for the next iteration of prototyping.
This whole time I was under the impression that I was doing affinity diagramming and I planned on reporting it as such.
After reading several papers now on grounded theory approach, content analysis and thematic analysis as well as looking up affinity diagramming and card sorting, I am not really sure as to what method I used.
I think I did either conventional content analysis or thematic analysis, but I cannot really tell them apart.
I want to carry out a survey on employees in enterprise, however I am not sure, if surveys, that are already created in this field are applicable to my research. Do I need to test them before conducting my research?
This article presents a number of tips to avoid making big mistakes in the use of typography. It is a collection and sharing of ideas from researchers typography as Erik Spiekermann, Vincent Connare, Paul Fenton, Enric Jardí, Enric Satué, Eric Gill, Stanley Morison, Beatrice Warde, Ellen Lupton, Jorge de Buen, Paco Calles Emil Ruder, Robert Bringhurst, Michael Beirut ...
I would like to set up a debate to extend ideas and other references that have not been accommodated in this article by limited in its extension.
What are the criteria taken into consideration when using a typography? What font is the most appropriate for a particular type of text?
I am interested in references that explain 'introspective research' as a research methodology, but also references of 'design research' in which this method was used.
Often, educational technology design seems to be driven by market factors (e.g., fun, money) and perhaps design research (e.g., game environments), but rarely effectively accounts for research on how children develop understandings of the target content. This leaves practitioners short of high-quality technology tools (e.g., practice apps instead of developmentally appropriate learning apps). We can't expect tool/game designers, content researchers, design researchers, and practitioners to be experts in all these areas. However, we should work together throughout development, testing, and implementation. Have you had any success with this sort of collaboration? Are there avenues you would like to pursue? What would support these investigations?
Design researches are commonly done by group of researchers or participants. What if an individual does it?
I'm planning to do a research for my master thesis. however, I have a problem with one of my advisers. I intend to use qualitative design with research problems derived from previous studies gaps. unfortunately, my adviser do not agree with it. he said that a qualitative research must be based on preliminary data I've collected and theories or relevant research are used as the supporting items instead of as a background of research construction. any one can help me? I need references (if any) to prove my point of view.
I am using ICF as a conceptual framework in research of school to work transition for young people with disability. I am also using social inclusion theory for analysis and ICF to frame the questions and design research instruments but am struggling with how to use ICF framework as its implication is large. If you could please suggest sample of the question guide, it would be wonderful.
It is hard to select research design approach being followed in my study. Since I did not randomly select(draw) sample from a population but I randomly assigned the 100 students equally to the control and treatment groups. Is it still random sampling? As random sampling means the selection of sample from population. I did this the other way around. Since it was convenience for me to work with a certain teacher so I took her classes for further experimentation. As far as, random sampling or selection is concerned, I can not use Quasi Exp design instead I can employ Experimental Design. Since the research was conducted in natural setting(school) and the independent variables(various instruction types ; conventional and an edu app instructions) were isolated, controlled and then manipulated which are against the Experimental Design and supports only the Quasi Exp Design. So what sampling technique should I mention in methodology section? Since I have employed Quasi Exp research Framework where I did Random assignment and I worked with experimental and control group. This is a bit confusing.
Campbell, D.T., Stanley, J.C. (1966). Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Designs for Research. Skokie, Il: Rand McNally.
Cohen and Manion's Book
"Random Selection & Assignment", retrieved from
- I want to know specifically of problems in a tabloid chair for left-handed users and I want to know what are the solutions that have been done to overcome this problem for the tabloid chair for those left-handed users. The new design of tabloid chair for left-handed
For my dissertation, I am using Beck Depression's Inventory (short form) and a subscale from the Ryff Scales of Psychological Wellbeing. I belong to UCL which allows me access to loads of journals, papers so I'm unsure why I can't find it.
Can't seem to find the short form, I have the reference but cannot access it (Beck & Beck, 1972 - screening depressed patients in family practice: a rapid technique, postgraduate medicine).
The Ryff Scales, I have contacted them twice but to no avail. Could anybody help me out?
I am looking for some reliable references about "protocol analysis" in design research? review articles and articles that describes the roots , history and different types of the method.
There are organizations that focus on training, educational research, performance design, etc.. Is there anyone in particular that you reference when thinking of learning design research and practice?
My area of study is adversity quotient and coping mechanisms that people enable when faced with a challenge or adversity. What makes some people (i.e., adult learners) feel "overwhelmed" with the smallest challenge and others that can withstand major tragedies? Adversity Quotient is the science of human resilience (Stolz, 1997). My study will be a qualitative designed research. My doctorate degree is in Adult Education Leadership (EdD).
Nick C. Cicchino
I am looking for references on evaluation methods for design and/or artistic artefacts that resulted from research through / by / for design or artistic research projects? Personal experience or reading suggestions are welcome!
There are many types of Infographics; static and interactive, also video Infographics. What should we look for in order to create good infographics?