Questions related to Design
I welcome reviewers who are willing to review the article based on designing and development of robots submitted to the Journal of Computers, Mechanical and Management, an emerging open access journal. Please message me back here with your email id so that i can request a review from you.
Journal Website: https://www.jcmm.co.in
What are the differences between shop drawings and builder works drawings, and what are the differences between them?
As their name clearly states; shop drawings are drawings produced by the shop; ie. as an example when a client buys an equipment for installation the shop produces drawings; called shop drawings; for the subcontractor to implement.
Builder works drawings; as their name implements also; are drawings produced by the builder or subcontractor who is responsible for executing works. Builders use builder work drawings on site.
The shop drawings; produced and used by the by contractor engineers based on design drawings; details are based on standard specifications and tender requirements. On the other hand builder works drawings are produced by the subcontractor based on shop drawings, and used by his engineers and builders, builder works drawings are based on the details of equipment the subcontractor is planning to install; and must with shop drawings details.
The consultant compares shop drawings with approved design drawings, and work on site with shop drawings for final approval.
Design , as an object, as a practice and as a knowledge, is an integral part of the society thus cannot be ignored when studying power and oppression in society. the objective of this study is to critically look at ‘design’ as a social phenomenon and study power and oppression in design by paying attention to the networks and relationships between the domains of design practice, production and everyday life.
Do you have any companies in mind that are currently successfull because of their design and do not follow a minimalistic approach (like Apple or Porsche design does)? Maybe some that use a more playful or even psychedelic approach to product design...
I’m often asked to suggest academic Design Journals, but find it hard to find a 'one-stop' list so researchers/ students can review and select. I’ve started a rough list in no particular order (link below). Any Design related journal suggestions would be welcome, from Innovation to engineering, education to ergonomics, UX to Design history, etc. Discipline-specific or Interdisciplinary.
Please offer some suggestions and Il add them to the list. Looking for quality, peer-reviewed offerings.
How can I import 2D sketches from CATIA into COMSOL Multiphysics?
The formats that COMSOL reads in 2D geometry are not available in CATIA.
i need to design a model with some specifications
To Design a Fuzzy Control FLC that uses the indirect field-oriented control IFOC approach to regulate the velocity of an IM motor please i need an urgent help and solution
I think my question was misunderstood and unfortunately, after David's misinterpretation others followed the trend.
My question was very clear and ethical.
This forum is meant to get an expert opinions.
The question was if I want to validate the high dose statins that is already published in nejm:
The point to ask the question was if anyone follows the recommendation of the above article by giving a high dose of statins for secondary prevention in a particular population.
I need to design a demethanizer for the given content . I cannot find any reference related to it . Is there any book where demethanizer design is given step by step . I am using rigrous distillation tower to simulate it in Aspen HYSYS and reflex ratio is around 70 and the condenser temperature is high which is impossible for such systems
My research team and I, at Iuav University in Venice, are creating a list of scientific journals as complete as possible most representative for design.
With the introduction of the latest version of the ACI-318, what are some of the impacts to design as well as organizational changes that this new document will pose?
I want to learn about analysis and design of resonant converters but where do I start? Do you have any recommendations about books, articles, webinars, videos that cover this topic and you found it usefull?
Through multiple empirical studies, I have collected user needs for an ICT intervention. During this study, I intend to design a prototype and then evaluate the prototype to check whether user needs are captured in the proposed design.
What is the most suitable approach? Quantitative, Qualitative or mixed?
Are we evaluating the features of the prototype or evaluate the user requirements?
Is Direct displacement based design (DDBD) method applicable to design a 90 story (320 meter) building ? If not then which design philosophy is required ? give some related papers.
I need to formulate and develop connection details, both moment connection and shear connection, for connection of a hollow section column (RHS 300x150x6) with ISMB 300 using Indian design codes.
Kindly suggest documents/paper for same.
I am current working on settling tank design. All flow calculations and dimensions have been made I need to reproduce the drawing in the form of the attached file. What possible software can be used to achieve a similar drawing with the glossy flow description similar to the attached file?
Good day, dear colleagues.
I have an interesing question for PVD technology specialists.
We use an equipment (Picture 1) for Arc-PVD technology with titanium cathode (picture 3) for glass surface coating (Picture 4).
But we faced with problem of nonequal coating thickness on the surface. In the central part of surface (under cathode placed) the thicknes is OK. On the corner parts the coating thickness is low (Picture 2).
What is the reason of this not uniform thickness?
Is it possible to create aproximately similar coating thickness on the all surface zones? Do You know any technical methods to rich this goal?
I have morphological data to be analyzed which are collected from field trials and the experiment is conducted using augmented design. I used 100 test treatments and 4 check varieties in two different environments. the layout consists of 5 blocks and in each block, there are 24 plots. The test treatments are randomly sown and the 4 checks are repeated in each block.
sample layout attached below
Hello everyone, I tried to export an .stl file of a 3D designed pipe adapter with threads in AutoCad 2022 Software, however, the threads were missing. I tried multiple times but all of my attempts failed. Any idea?
The publication of a research: OPTICAL GEOMETRY IN THE FORBIDDEN CITY, show after carefully analysis of the an metal alloy horse with concave eyes .The investigation show the horse was designed and realized by the Jesuit Painter -Architect:
Giuseppe Castiglione (1688-1766), during his 50th years of service under Nr.3 Qing Emperor , from 1715-1766. As explained in the report the intention of Castiglione was to convert the Emperor Qianlong (1711-1799) to Christianity, but due yo rigid protocol in place, he can't due directly, but realizing work of art with technology , in this case (physic concept of light). As he can't be discovered for eventually any questions arising from Emperor about this phenomenon, in particular the left eye, where a triangle is visible ( sign of trinity) , as well as in the link (inserted at the end of pag.1 of the here attached research , to the video of 28th seconds ( eyes became real in the last 12 seconds).
As apparently brain neuronal mechanism of the retina is involved, with calculation and knowledge Castiglione used to realized the virtual image? probably the first in the history.
Considering also that he keep in consideration daily light, as an alibi, as daylight don't show any affects.
I'm trying to get a good summary of the main types of architectural research, and the motivations for using each type? any help?
To clearly set up the methodological approach for my new research ...
I rely upon:
(Linking design with research)...
The research as a base for the design
I'm actually trying to use the explanations of the book "Architectural Research Methods" by
Linda Groat and David Wang
In my current project, I want to answer if various cognition items (ratio, 30+ of them, may get reduced based on a separate factor analysis) predict moral outrage - in other words, do increases in item 1 (then item 2, item 3, etc) predict increases in outrage in a significant way. Normally, this would be a simple regression. But then I complicated my design, and I'm having a hard time wrapping my head around my potential analyses and whether it will actually answer my stated question, or if I'm over-thinking things.
Currently, I'm considering a set-up where participants will see a random selection of 3 vignettes (out of 5 options) and answer the cognition items and moral outrage about each. This complicates matters because 1) there is now a repeated measure component that may (or may not?) need to be accounted for and 2)I'm not sure how my analyses would work if the vignette selection is random (thus, all vignettes will show up the same number of times, but in different combinations to different people). I am anticipating that different vignettes will not be equal in their level of DV (which is on purpose - I want to see if these patterns are general, not just at very high or very low levels of outrage).
When originally designing this, I had wanted to average the 3 vignette scores together for each subject, treating them as single, averaged item values to use in a multiple regression. But I've been advised by a couple people that this isn't an option, because the variance between the vignettes needs to be accounted for (and the vignettes can't be shown to be equivalent, and thus can't be collapsed down in analysis).
One potential analysis to combat this is a nested, vignette-within-individual multilevel design, where I see if the pattern of cognition items to outrage is consistent between vignettes (level 1) and across subjects (level 2), to account for/examine any vignette-by-cognition/MO pattern interactions. And this makes sense, as MLMs can be used to compare patterns, rather than single scores.
But I can't wrap my head around what part of this set-up/the output I would look at to actually answer my question: generally, which, if any, of these cognition items predicts outrage (regardless of vignette, or across many scenarios)? And can this approach work when the vignettes combinations differ between subjects?
Or is this the incorrect analysis approach and another, simpler one would be more fitting? For example, is the averaging approach workable in another format? What if all vignettes were done by all subjects (more arduous on the subjects, but possible if the strength of the analysis/results would be compromised/overly-complicated)?
Confirmation that my current analysis approach will indeed work, help with what part of the output would answer my actual RQ, or suggestions for an alternative approach, would be appreciated.
I am working in a research to study resilient buildings. I would like to know if is possible develop a new technology that gives buildings some resilient property.
If you like music, movies, theatre plays, literature, poetry, paintings, sculptures, museums, galleries, fashion, architecture, video games - we need to know your opinion!
This survey is designed to assess the differences in participation in arts by art receivers through natural/traditional versus digital/new ways.
We want to find out how the pandemic time - that forced us to move to digital ways of participation in arts - will influence our future behaviors in this area. We focus on the art receiver perspective.
Dr. Michał Szostak, University of Social Sciences, Warsaw, Poland
Dr. Damian Kedziora, Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland
Prof. Łukasz Sułkowski, Jagiellonian University, Cracow, Poland
I hope you are doing well, I have a problem handling this blade geometry, I am trying to perform analysis on this blade but I could not use the APDL, it shutdown when I start meshing directly, so I tried to export it via IGES so I can use the workbench but unfortunately the geometry is not complete as shown in the picture. I found many problem reconstructing it since a lot of details are missed and I am not the owner of the original design.
Is there any solution?!!!
I was assigned to design a pair of primers (one forward, one reverse primer) for the COL1A1 gene with a product size of 400-800 bp. And I need to be able to perform PCR using these primers for both DNA and RNA samples. We use Primer 3 to design the primers. Should I choose genomic RefSeq or mRNA on NCBI's gene database?
As per a latest report, 22 of world’s 30 most polluted cities are in India. What strategies need to be adopted to bring down this number to say half (11) in the fastest possible timeframe.
For example, strategy could be like stopping all new construction activity within the polluting city, shifting all no strategic offices to rural areas, fixing the allowed population density per unit area, shifting of airport traffic etc.......Please give suggestions in this context.
I am looking for a simple software program to model chemical bonds. The purpose is to generate a high-quality graphical abstract for a top leading journal in the field of chemistry. I am not interested in professional programs like Photoshop as I don't have enough time to learn. Any suggestion?
Thanks in advanced!
I want to expand and publish a chapter of my dissertation which focuses on the question of social housing. Does anyone know where I can publish small books regarding social sciences, in particular art and architecture?
Hi all, I'm looking for any studies using Co-Design, Participatory Design, or Design Thinking specifically in developing countries. Of specific interest are technology-based projects and the uptake of technology in developing countries especially rural regions.
If you have come across any, or were involved in any, please let me know Many thanks in advance P.J.
I'm looking for any studies on Gender Balance in Creative or Design School /Faculty in higher education. If you have come across any, or were involved in any, please let me know
Many thanks in advance
HI there, when i do normal mode analysis in ANSYS i get mode shape as a directional deformation results, but it is not possible for me to incorporate any constraint or design variable that can handle the first natural frequency number (100 Hz). or design objective as maximize natural frequency.
Apparently, the largest technology companies are already working on a new type of electronic gadgets, which in the next stage of the current technological revolution, known as Industry 4.0, will replace smartphones.
Therefore, I am asking you: What type of electronic gadget will replace smartphones in the future?
I plan to create a design for a system using previously published articles, journals, etc as a basis. I found methodological research design but I don't know how to conduct it. Like phrasing questions and what to use for analysis since the research is mostly focused on making a design rather than answering a question.
Do you have any suggestions?
First drone development dates back to 1917. Why just about a century later this technology starts booming?
Does it has do to with the related enabling technologies?
hi hope you are well in this current climate,
I am doing a project on Catia where i need to design a scissor jack like the one attached. however i wanted to know how i can calculate the dimensions and angles the criteria i have been given is it needs to hold 1.5 ton and have a minimum 30mm lifting capability
I have just completed my PhD thesis - Adapting Photovoice to Visualise and Influence Environmental Behaviour across Australia, Bangladesh, and China (Monash University - Design), exploring using photovoice methods across multiple geographic sites to facilitate dialog between and amongst these communities using various participatory techniques, specifically with innovation in audience engagement.
The journey has taken me across 17 discrete participatory-action-research cycles
spanning 4 years, where I partnered with 19 local organisations to run 80 workshops, 8 community exhibitions, and 3 community interview events across 4 separate sites spanning Australia, Bangladesh, and China. Over 700 participants attended workshops and collectively created over 500 photo-stories. I focussed on environmental behaviour, but these methods - like photovoice generally - are applicable to a wide range of themes.
Now I have finally emerged from the tunnel of my PhD, I am looking for future opportunities to use these learnings in other projects and connect with like-minded peers.
Thus I am interested to see who else / what other current and future projects are working on similar methodological adaptations in photovoice or related visual methods?
I have attached the full thesis text here if it is useful to others. I am also happy to receive feedback.
thanks and all the best,
Hi All, I am looking at compiling a wide list of papers or resources on reminiscence therapy for dementia for older people. The positive and negative results, Creative approaches, ICT interventions, standard procedures, etc. I'm interested in perspectives from differing disciplines. All resources/ papers/ leads welcome Thank you!
is it possible to calculate the return air temperature in the system if no heat gains and losses are taken into account (except for temperature rise due to the fan) knowing the supply air temperature, temperatures of different ventilation zones, airflow, and outdoor temperature?
Recently I have been assigned several tasks of making presentations for webinar by a superior. The presentations are mainly about treatments in oncology such as immunotherapy and targeted therapy.
In the process of making the presentation, a few graphs such as kaplan-meier survival are needed to be included in the PowerPoint presentation. However, I then suddenly remembered that several speakers in symposiums had this sort of beautiful graph (Picture 1.). When I check the PowerPoint file, it is as if they design or make the graph in the PowerPoint directly, resulting in a well-suited graph for viewing.
On the other hand, the best that I could do was downloading the figure or slides directly from the journal and even then, it was still horrendous occasionally and unsuitable for presentation in my opinion (Picture 2.)
I want to ask whether there is an easy way to make beautiful graph like in picture 1 without allocating significant time. I also want to know how they do it. Do they use professional designers in the firstplace or is there an automatic software to make this?
Many thanks for the help
I want to develop an aircraft engine but i don't know where to start. I read a few books, they are very theoretical. I just learn design process step by step.
Which book is better to study the mechanical engineering design course?
What is your suggestion about a reference to teach the students?
We conducted an experiment analyzed by multiple regression. We measured each participants' personality with HEXACO model and their accuracy in the task. Our predictors are the six dimensions of HEXACO and criterion variable was their accuracy.
So what is the design of this experiment? Is this a repeated measures design?
We have an RNA-seq project on small intestine. The experimental design were like this: Four physiological states, each with three individuals (biological replicates), each individual with two samples (two parts of small intestine), thus 4 physiological states × three individuals × two parts. The reason we included two parts of same individual’s small intestines is that we want to take consideration of tissue heterogeneity, by pre-analysis of these replicates the difference between two parts is actually not significant.
Here is my question, when I applied a generalized linear model for the differential expression analysis on samples from two physiological states (e.g. DESeq2), should I treat samples as independent one thus 6 vs 6, or merge two samples from same individuals thus 3 vs 3. For the later one, can I regard it as technical replicate and merge reads from the two part together, or merge counts calculated from the two parts (e.g. collapseReplicates function in DESeq2). Or, should I include "individuals" as a blocking factor in the differential expression analysis.
There is an intensive discussion about biological replicates and technical replicates, like these https://www.biostars.org/p/54380/
but I am still confused about my situation, should I treat the two tissue parts from same individuals as biological or technical replicates.
Two parts of small intestine from same individuals, It's technical or biological replicates?
I am currently working on the design of a 1-shell, 4-tube pass heat exchanger with 200 copper tubes. The purpose of the problem is to determine the affects of fouling on heat exchange area. Unused engine oil flows through the shell side and cold water in the tube side. The internal diameter is 15mm with a wall thickness of 2mm. I want to know if wall thickness and conductivity should be ignored in the calculation of the heat exchange area. I've tried out the calculation both ways, by first assuming that these factors are ignored and then by taking them into consideration and I noticed a significant difference between the two cases hence I am unable to decipher if it is wise to ignore the wall thickness and conductivity. I am aware that in most cases, with thin walled tubes, wall thickness and conductivity is ignored. Is it advisable to follow that approach of most cases?
The diversity + inclusivity by Design Research Lab (d+iD), School of Design, the University of Greenwich is currently working on an EU project and exploring ideas on how to design inclusively to engage people deeply throughout the design process, sharing our practices and amalgamating people’s unique knowledge as design interventions.
Through practice research d+iD will amplify, diversify, and mobilise this under-investigated aspect of practice and discourse; where design acts inclusively regardless of disability, gender, ethnicity, vulnerability, language or age.
We are looking for people to answer our question and elaborate their way of thinking in relation to their own experiences.
The outcomes of the question will be used to inform future research
In my opinion, sketch is of great importance in architectural creativity, but its role is understated due to technological advances and changes in educational system.
What do you think respected architecture researchers?
Whether you're making stuff physically or virtually, you ARE making stuff. Don't take my word for it, see what the U.S. Department of Labor has decreed: https://dasisolutions.com/appreticeship-program
I was introduced to different types of national energy efficient design standards for new construction in China. But is there any national design standards for existing buildings' renovation to meet energy efficiency in China?
I spent the past few months interning as an independent researcher at the Field Museum in Chicago. Here, I spent my time observing the design procedure that leads up to the creation of a context-focused exhibition. The term culminated with a paper at the end on the nature of objects in such exhibitions. I'm currently looking for places which can help me review, edit, and publish this work. Any direction would be helpful!
I'm trying to understand the institutional rationale/approach in planning for teaching 'design' in the future. This approach will hopefully inform the design pedagogy.
For a senior thesis I am designing an open structure (think kiosk, pop-up shop or other semi-permeable shelter) which will primarily feature a solid roof and basic support geometry. The roof will be pitched and the model will need to illustrate attachment of photovoltaic panels and rainwater re-direction. The structure is designed to securely contain 3-4 machines about the size of 10 gallon paint buckets; the enclosure of which will require some basic moving parts i.e. hinges.
Material possibilities: Extruded and/or corrugated sheet steel, aluminum, wood, concrete, mud/thatch.
While I have some experience with SolidWorks, I have mostly designed small products as opposed to structures and am wondering if I should try modeling in Rhino or another program instead. As a student I should be able to access any program on a trial basis at the very least. If anyone with experience would lend some insight that would be greatly appreciated!
There is a long history in design of using blue colors as 'calming' and 'relaxing'. If you want someone to feel peaceful, you paint the walls blue. With the more recent studies on the impact of blue light from screen for sleeping, it seems there is a physiological response that does not match this design rule.
Is there a difference in wavelength, or is there a cutoff of exposure from when it is calming to when it becomes a response to stay awake? Or am I misunderstanding something in the two cases?
- What is the principle behind practicing/enhancing self-compassion? Or other words, how is self-compassion enhanced by practicing these exercises on Kristen Neff's website: https://self-compassion.org/category/exercises/#exercises
- How do you design an exercise for a psychological phenomenon like self-compassion? Are there any rules, any guidelines? Or you just create it out of your ideas and test if it is valid and reliable?
- What can we do if we want to design a self-compassion practicing exercise suitable for our population, Vietnamese college students?
This question relates to research into the management of engineering design information and the impact of innovation.
Complex products such as aircraft, trains and ships are high-value, long-life assets that are typically managed as a fleet over a period of 20 to 30 years.
Managing technology upgrades (modifications/ engineering changes) can be challenging because of the complex relationships and interdependencies that exist between different systems components.
An additional factor relates to the phenomenon of design divergence that can be observed as a
fleet of products age.
I'd be interested in the quality of software available to model the design information in this scenario.
A correct interpretation of reliability analysis is determinative for researchers and industrial developers to refine their design and also prepare proper maintenance scheduling and safety analysis. However, I still see that many designers prefer to use classical safety factors instead of reliability analysis techniques. what's your sense about this.
For example, imagine that you are going to buy a bearing and I say you this bearing's reliability is 94% for the expected life of 5 years. it means that if you test 100 bearings under normal performance, almost 6 of them should fail after 5 years. does this analysis makes sense for you in your research and development?
and if the answer is yes, how do you use the outcome of reliability analysis in your research area. the answer is important for me because I am going to start developing commercial software for reliability analysis and it is important to see what are the expectations of experts from the reliability analysis methods.
Hi! My name is Ana and I am a student who is studying biophilic design, I was wondering what is your opinion regarding biophilic design and LEED certificate, do you think it has a future, do you support it, advantages and disadavantages? Thank you! Have a great day
Please Is there any publication you passed by or perhaps a journal on such new materials design and development you recommend?
Any tiny tip is appreciated
I am writing my thesis on crowdsourcing platforms, how to manage and design.
We have run a conjoint analysis to test the crowd's preferences on 4 design attributes. Also, we have run a survey questioning the crowd about their willingness to participate, for that we used the 1-7 likert scale.
Now, the conjoint data was very insightful to know which attribute is more important, but I am interested in knowing if those preferences also meant a higher participation in crowdsourcing contests.
I want to run a regression analysis using Stata or SPSS, wanted to know if there is any way to translate the conjoint data into a likert scale that I can include in my models.
The conjoint study was done on QuestionPro.