Science topics: Design
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Design Research
Questions related to Design
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Are its faces polytopes?
Is there any information in the literature on the geometry and topology of saddle polyhedra?
Can we use them to construct structural triply periodic minimal surfaces?
An attempt to answer some of these questions in:
José Luis Junquera, Saddle polyhedra are three-dimensional objects with curved faces. They are not polyhedra in the traditional sense, because polyhedra must have flat faces. However, saddle polyhedra do have some properties that are similar to those of polyhedra. For example, they have an Euler characteristic, which is a topological invariant that is defined for all three-dimensional objects. addle polyhedra are the only other three-dimensional objects known to have an Euler characteristic of 2. This is an interesting fact, because it suggests that saddle polyhedra have some topological similarities to spheres and flat-faced polyhedra. The two saddle polyhedra that are known to exist are the saddle tetrahedron and its tessellation. The saddle tetrahedron has four curved faces, six edges, and four vertices. Its tessellation is a three-dimensional tiling that fills all of space. Saddle polyhedra are a relatively new area of research, and there is still much to learn about their geometry and topology. However, the fact that they have an Euler characteristic of 2 is a significant discovery, and it suggests that these objects have some interesting properties.
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I'm writing my dissertation on the visual aspeacts of the 80s Memphis Design Movement and I'd love to know any information anyopne has or any opinions on said movement from those who lived thought it.
Ash Frank Ash, sorry this is so late. ---First a link to a 2021 New York Times article; “How the Memphis Design Movement Made a Comeback”
Please excuse the long link. Its on way I know to share it to other countries. (let me know if it fails)
Memphis design first arrived in the US when our interiors and furnishings where modern and clean. Due in no small part to the design ideas and work of Frank Lloyd Wright, Marcel Breuer and the the father and son Saarinens, Knoll, Ray and Charles Eames, and both Albers.
Memphis Design arrived in US at a time when most of the homes and offices that cared about design were composed with neutral colors. Color was an accent not a theme. From the upheaval of ideas about art, music and design in the late 1960's it took 30 years before we saw it incorporated into daily life. - To put this in perspective, we didn't paint our walls with color until the 1990's. Before then it was tinted neutrals.
To me personally, at the time, Memphis Design didn’t work in the US. And the revival came off as an awkward idea. Awkward as in it it was an interesting diversion but felt more out of place in our culture now than the first time around.
Between late 60's and mid 90's US design was being upended by ideas coming from the California artists and designers (southwest coast of US). Plus coming influences of music and new ideas in graphic design. Our sense of art and design had been more insular. But fashion design introduced us to other design from around the globe.
In the US we have 3 traditional centers of furniture design; one each for east central and west parts of US. Memphis Design was exhibited but didn't find commercial and corporate buyers. It was the exhibit everyone came to see but few "bought-into" the look.
Instead the US responded to new visual ideas in graphic and fashion design. Along with music that was how the majority of US people broadened our ideas of other forms of design.
I was in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (near New York city) and watched our architecture shift from modern to the post-modern building style & embellishments of Robert Venturi and his wife Denise Scott Brown.
When Memphis Design arrived I saw in our art magazines and first thought it was “Memphis” as in from Memphis, Tennessee. It reminded me of the free-forms of graffiti and west coast “surf” style.
In general, we loved seeing and talking about it; but liked it better if it belonged to someone else. My opinion; we liked it as an addition but not an everyday items. Like an “accent" piece.
It was reviewed and shown in many US magazines and design showrooms but overshadowed by way too many competing ideas. -- However, to me, it didn’t fit with US design. Even the recent revival didn’t seem to work. Its hard to explain. To me it made perfect sense in Italian and Greek culture. Possibly Central and South America. Less in Asian and North America.
I'd sum it up saying Memphis Design is intriguing. And did well explaining itself. But missed being something that engaged us beyond the initial intrigue. Personally, I didn't like it. And liked it less the 2nd time.
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Hi All,
I’m often asked to suggest academic Design Journals, but find it hard to find a 'one-stop' list so researchers/ students can review and select. I’ve started a rough list in no particular order (link below). Any Design related journal suggestions would be welcome, from Innovation to engineering, education to ergonomics, UX to Design history, etc. Discipline-specific or Interdisciplinary.
Please offer some suggestions and Il add them to the list. Looking for quality, peer-reviewed offerings.
Thanks alot!
P.J.
Hi all
I've added all your suggestions to the list of Design Journals and created a clickable table of categories for easier search:
The categories include:
• General Design Journals
• Built Environment / Architecture/Interiors/ Planning
• Social Design/ Sustainability
• Product Design/ Industrial Design/ Ergonomics
• UX/ HCI
• Visual Communications/ Information Design
• Fashion/ Textile Design
• Art/ Philosophy
• Design and Policy
• Design History
• Design and Engineering
• Prototyping /3D Printing
• Design and AI
• Design and Health
• Design Education
• Design Creativity and Craft
• Design and Food
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The mathematical function of TPMS unit cell is as follows: (for example Gyroid)
sin x * cos y+ sin y * cos z+ sin z * cos x = c
parameter 𝑐 determines the relative density of the unit cell.
I am interested to design TPMS unit cell with nTopology software. In this software, TPMS network-based unit cell is designed with "Mid-surface offset" parameter and TPMS sheet-based unit cell is designed with "approximate thickness" parameter.
What is the relation between these parameters and the relative density of the unit cell?
Just for your information, in the current nTop version, it allows users to generate TPMS with approximate thickness.
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Can I publish my design in my research article at the time of design patent submitted to IPR?
Two weeks before I submitted my design to IPR for patent purposes, I would like to upload the research article to the journal. In that journal, I used that particular design.
Is it okay to upload that article, or is there any other alternative way?
The answer from Margaret Brumm is over-cautious in my opinion. Wait for confirmation from the IPR authoritythat your application for a Registered Design is approved, and only then go ahead and publish.
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Any standard, guideline, photo can help :)
Other reference:
National Association of City Transportation Officials (NACTO). Urban Bikeway Design Guide: https://nacto.org/publication/urban-bikeway-design-guide/
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Dear RG community,
The Danish Bulkhead Regulation (DIF 1926) cited by Hansen (1953) specified that the parabolic pressure relief (q) of the empirical pressure distribution for sheet-pile design was given by Eq. 1. However, Stroyer (1928) presented a draft of the DIF (1926) in which q was given by Eq. 2 (see attached file).
A curious fact is that most of the literature has stated that DIF (1926) follows Eq. 2, but DIF (1937) specifies the opposite as it uses Eq. 1. The uncertainty (dilemma) about which equation DIF (1926) used is significant for design purposes.
Did DIF (1926) specify Eq. 1 or 2?
References:
• DIF (Dansk Ingeniørforening). (1926). Foreløbige Regler for Beregning og Udførelse af Jernbetonstruktioner i Vandbygning. DIF.
• DIF (Dansk Ingeniørforening). (1937). Normer for Vandbygnings-Konstruktioner. DIF.
• Hansen, J. B. (1953). Earth Pressure Calculation. The Danish Technical Press.
• Stroyer, J. P. R. N. (1928). Earth-Pressure on Flexible Walls. Minutes of the Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, 226(1928), 116–134. https://doi.org/10.1680/imotp.1928.14275
Dear Lee Clawson - The beauty of literature is that ideas endure over time.
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I would like to propose a few questions that can open up some discussion regarding Architectural Education:
- How can students deal with professors who impose the approach of removing the existing infrastructure and imposing newly established ones?
- Why do pedagogical methods emphasize sustainability yet ask students to work on projects that cause a high level of waste and energy consumption?
- Is academic research a tool of awareness or mere spectacle?
- Is there something called a Post-COVID architecture, or is it just an excuse for poor ideas?
- How can we define the Architectural academic in the age of AI?
- What are the political implications of the design studio onto the market?
- Is it possible for revolutionary architecture to exist?
- Should architecture always serve a party or a stakeholder?
AI is a tool that skilled craftspeople will operate with great power but non-architects will not be able to attain great results without their help.
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If you look at a typical Ashby diagram, you will notice that the fracture toughness based on K-factor is superimposed on all material classes.
Is this an ingenious solution or is it too simple?
The inclusion of fracture toughness based on the K-factor on an Ashby diagram can be considered an ingenious solution. The K-factor is a measure of the stress intensity factor at the tip of a crack and is a critical parameter in determining the fracture toughness of materials. By including this parameter on the Ashby diagram, it allows for a quick and easy comparison of the fracture toughness of different materials, regardless of their class or composition.
However, it should be noted that the K-factor only provides one aspect of the material's fracture behavior and other parameters such as crack growth resistance and microstructure should also be considered when selecting a material for a specific application. Additionally, the values on an Ashby diagram are typically plotted for a specific set of testing conditions and may not accurately represent the fracture toughness under different conditions. Therefore, while the inclusion of K-factor on an Ashby diagram is a useful tool, it should not be the only parameter considered when selecting a material for a specific application.
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Is there a data sheet somewhere listing building requirements for staircases across various European countries?
I am based in the Netherlands, and trying to design a staircase.
The 'bouwbesluit' (building regultaions) of the Netherlands is very different from its neighbouring countries of Germany and Belgium.
The building regulations cover things such as minimum width of staircase, maximum angle, maximum height of one step, and minumum horizontal distance of one step, etc.
I am curious how I can design a staircase that would be practical to build in multiple different countries.
Is there any collected data on this that includes multiple countries?
I would be very interested if other people have encountered a similar problem?
Dear Dr.,Julius Riese,
Stair Building Guidelines
The UK Building Regulations on staircases are often the first source. Consult when building a new staircase because they are widely recognized throughout Europe as well as in many countries in Africa and the Middle East. When precise specifications are required, we collaborate with clients and building officials to create a stairway that is tailored to meet their needs.
Please refer to the links below; you can get the correct building codes for stairs for numerous nations.
• Minimum tread going: 9 inches (229 mm) excluding the nosing
• Staircase steepness is 2R+G = 24.6 inches (625 mm). A value for the rise-to-going ratio of 17/29 ˜ 0.59 is considered optimal, this corresponds to a pitch angle of about 30°.
• Variance on riser height and tread depth between steps on the same flight should be very low.
• Maximum nosing 1.25 inches (32 mm)
• Height of the handrail. This is normally between 34 and 38 inches (864 and 965 mm), measured to the nose of the tread. The minimum height of the handrail for landing balustrades may differ and is typically 36 inches (914 mm).
• Maximum space between the balusters of the railing. This is typically 4 inches (102 mm).
• Headroom: At least 83 inches (211 cm), alterations may apply.
Here is the link where you can  find more information on California Building Code and other American Building Codes too: https://up.codes/codes/california
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I need to know about the ASTM standard Dimension for Quasi Static Compression testing and tensile testing. And what are all the other standards available to test our fabricated specimen.
1. ASTM D695: Standard Test Method for Compressive Properties of Rigid Plastics. This standard covers the determination of compressive properties of rigid plastics using a uniaxial compressive test.
2. ASTM D638: Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics. This standard covers the determination of tensile properties of plastics using a uniaxial tensile test.
3. ASTM D7012: Standard Test Method for Compressive Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials with Unsupported Gage Section by Shear Loading. This standard covers the determination of compressive properties of polymer matrix composite materials using a shear loading test.
4. ASTM D7249: Standard Test Method for Compressive Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials with Unsupported Gage Section by Flexure (Load in Tension)
5. ASTM D3039: Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials. This standard covers the determination of tensile properties of polymer matrix composite materials using a uniaxial tensile test.
6. ASTM D3410: Standard Test Method for Compressive Properties of Unreinforced and Reinforced Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materials.
7. ASTM D3518: Standard Test Method for In-Plane Shear Response of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials by Tensile Test of a ±45° Laminate.
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Hello, I’m writing my first thesis as part of my graduation with the topic: Design Activism. I am having problems with making my research question/statement clear and focused.
This is what I have as my current statement: Contemporary socially engaged practices have always been influenced by the past and made it their own.
( What practices of the past influenced the practices in a specific era and how did they make it their own?)
I am focusing on the eras 1960-1969, 2000-2009, and the present ( and maybe the future).
But I was wondering if this statement is clear enough, English is not my first language so I find it a bit hard when it comes to academic writing.
Also if you have interesting sources about Design Activism, and socially engaged design practices. Would you please share them with me?
Dear Sarah, of course, I wish to help you, but unfortunately, I do not have anything useful for you at the present time. I hope to help you in the future
With my best wishes
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As it is evident, due to climate change and global warming, as well as energy shortage, there is a crucial need for energy consumption reduction and carbon contamination reduction in households as a major part of these events. One of the novel solutions for managing these problems is digital twins for better management in the construction and also maintenance processes of homes. I want to know:
Firstly, how much could this method be effective in this situation?
Secondly, what are the mechanisms and methods for this system?
Best regards,
Hossein Pouresmaeil.
Digital twins could be highly effective in the context of carbon neutrality and energy consumption reduction in the home sector. By leveraging the power of data, digital twins can provide an accurate picture of energy consumption and allow homeowners to take proactive steps to reduce their energy consumption and emissions. For example, digital twins can create detailed energy models of individual homes, track energy usage in real-time, and provide insights into how different energy-saving measures can impact energy consumption and emissions. Additionally, digital twins can also help homeowners optimize their energy usage by providing personalized recommendations and alerts. Ultimately, digital twins can be used to empower homeowners to make better decisions about their energy consumption and reduce their carbon footprint.
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HI there, when i do normal mode analysis in ANSYS i get mode shape as a directional deformation results, but it is not possible for me to incorporate any constraint or design variable that can handle the first natural frequency number (100 Hz). or design objective as maximize natural frequency.
Hello Vrushang Patel,
Is this method available only of 2020 R2 or for any other versions like 2022 R2?
Thank You
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I welcome reviewers who are willing to review the article based on designing and development of robots submitted to the Journal of Computers, Mechanical and Management, an emerging open access journal. Please message me back here with your email id so that i can request a review from you.
Journal Website: https://www.jcmm.co.in
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What are the differences between shop drawings and builder works drawings, and what are the differences between them?
As their name clearly states; shop drawings are drawings produced by the shop; ie. as an example when a client buys an equipment for installation the shop produces drawings; called shop drawings; for the subcontractor to implement.
Builder works drawings; as their name implements also; are drawings produced by the builder or subcontractor who is responsible for executing works. Builders use builder work drawings on site.
The shop drawings; produced and used by the by contractor engineers based on design drawings; details are based on standard specifications and tender requirements. On the other hand builder works drawings are produced by the subcontractor based on shop drawings, and used by his engineers and builders, builder works drawings are based on the details of equipment the subcontractor is planning to install; and must with shop drawings details.
The consultant compares shop drawings with approved design drawings, and work on site with shop drawings for final approval.
A builder work drawings will provide in detail the component representation and client communication of what the engineer designed. Contrarily, shop drawings is for fabricators and technician use only and it is basically for determining how components will be produced and placed during the construction process.
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Design , as an object, as a practice and as a knowledge, is an integral part of the society thus cannot be ignored when studying power and oppression in society. the objective of this study is to critically look at ‘design’ as a social phenomenon and study power and oppression in design by paying attention to the networks and relationships between the domains of design practice, production and everyday life.
In the US, over and over we witness the needs of people with low incomes, diverse cultural ideas and the wrong color skin routinely deprived of basic human services and educational opportunities. I’d like to suggest that design as a way of thinking (vs making objects) can be part of changing this. But we’ve studied this, created awareness and used grants to fund small endeavors to bring change.
More often we fail. We fail because our ideas have little to do with things people want and their values.
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Do you have any companies in mind that are currently successfull because of their design and do not follow a minimalistic approach (like Apple or Porsche design does)? Maybe some that use a more playful or even psychedelic approach to product design...
Thanks!
Coats PLC
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Hi
Does anyone have experience in designing multi-story wastewater treatment plants?
In fact, I want to reduce wastewater treatment footprint because we have a problem in terms of land.
I could tell you many "stories" about wastewater treatment plants (WWTP's) but I guess that mean "storey" (multi-level). As a matter a fact we designed one about 30 years ago in South-Korea where the footprint was so small that we installed a 3-level/storey WWTP including a stack of 2 final clarifiers (one on top of the other). Many more levels could be added as needed. This is a matter of proper hydraulic design (gravity flow and pumped flow) combined with efficient construction design (civil & structural works).
Kind regards, Bruno
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How can I import 2D sketches from CATIA into COMSOL Multiphysics?
The formats that COMSOL reads in 2D geometry are not available in CATIA.
You can import your 2D model from CATIA software into AutoCAD software and write output DXF.
Good luck!
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i need to design a model with some specifications
To Design a Fuzzy Control FLC that uses the indirect field-oriented control IFOC approach to regulate the velocity of an IM motor please i need an urgent help and solution
yes
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I think my question was misunderstood and unfortunately, after David's misinterpretation others followed the trend.
My question was very clear and ethical.
This forum is meant to get an expert opinions.
The question was if I want to validate the high dose statins that is already published in nejm:
The point to ask the question was if anyone follows the recommendation of the above article by giving a high dose of statins for secondary prevention in a particular population.
This is what I would call a very risky and stupid design. Get books on research ethics and clinical trials and try hard to understand what they are telling you. David Booth
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I need to design a demethanizer for the given content . I cannot find any reference related to it . Is there any book where demethanizer design is given step by step . I am using rigrous distillation tower to simulate it in Aspen HYSYS and reflex ratio is around 70 and the condenser temperature is high which is impossible for such systems
Parvin Salamzada Richardson and Coulson Chemical Engineering Book Vol 2 and this CHAPTER can also help you in such design: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780080418650500192
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My research team and I, at Iuav University in Venice, are creating a list of scientific journals as complete as possible most representative for design.
Hope you are well,
I'm creating a list of Design research journals that might be of interest to you:
If you have any other suggestions just let me know
P.J.
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With the introduction of the latest version of the ACI-318, what are some of the impacts to design as well as organizational changes that this new document will pose?
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I want to learn about analysis and design of resonant converters but where do I start? Do you have any recommendations about books, articles, webinars, videos that cover this topic and you found it usefull?
Nedmohan book is the best
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Through multiple empirical studies, I have collected user needs for an ICT intervention. During this study, I intend to design a prototype and then evaluate the prototype to check whether user needs are captured in the proposed design.
What is the most suitable approach? Quantitative, Qualitative or mixed?
Are we evaluating the features of the prototype or evaluate the user requirements?
Hello Manoja Weerasekara , even though think-aloud protocol is considered by some authors as a widely used method for usability testing of software, interfaces, websites, and (instructional) documents. It is possible to perceive the satisfaction of users by his/her expression, frustrations, frictions and comments. An interview or Likert scale could be added after the Think-aloud procedure, focused on user's satisfaction with the experience.
The basic principle of this method (Think-aloud protocol) is that potential users are asked to complete a set of tasks with the artefact tested, and to constantly verbalize their thoughts while working on the tasks.
From all possibilities of prototype testing, the Think-aloud Protocol is the most
suitable choice to help observe usability and interaction problems from users’ point of view. According to Villanueva [4], the technique consists of a researcher observing 1–4 users doing specific tasks within a controlled environment. The user’s actions and thoughts are to be described verbally aloud by him/herself on real time. The researcher records the user actions by written notifications, video or voice recorder.
The participants are to perform a simulation of tasks using the prototype. The Think-aloud Protocol has to be executed individually and the steps of the task to be closely observed with participants verbalizing actions, thoughts and confusion: do users understand what is the app? Do users cognitively understand icons and actions to take? What is the visual perception of users regarding colors, types, size, icons and visual impact? Is the process an easy and smooth experience? How do users explore the options?
Nevertheless, I've been feeling that for remote research, cooperative evaluation can be more useful e easier to execute.
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Is Direct displacement based design (DDBD) method applicable to design a 90 story (320 meter) building ? If not then which design philosophy is required ? give some related papers.
design methods based on displacement to ensure that design goals are achieved. Combined with nonlinear analysis, there is no height limit.
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I need to formulate and develop connection details, both moment connection and shear connection, for connection of a hollow section column (RHS 300x150x6) with ISMB 300 using Indian design codes.
Kindly suggest documents/paper for same.
Greetings,
You can also consider this:
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I am currently working on the settling tank design. All flow calculations and dimensions have been made I need to reproduce the drawing in the form of the attached file. What possible software can be used to achieve a similar drawing with the glossy flow description similar to the attached file?
Thanks so much.
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Good day, dear colleagues.
I have an interesing question for PVD technology specialists.
We use an equipment (Picture 1) for Arc-PVD technology with titanium cathode (picture 3) for glass surface coating (Picture 4).
But we faced with problem of nonequal coating thickness on the surface. In the central part of surface (under cathode placed) the thicknes is OK. On the corner parts the coating thickness is low (Picture 2).
What is the reason of this not uniform thickness?
Is it possible to create aproximately similar coating thickness on the all surface zones? Do You know any technical methods to rich this goal?
Hello Dmitry,
If possible, use a rotating sample.
In your case, the thickness reduces quadratically with the distance to the cathode.
Yours
R. Mitdank
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I have morphological data to be analyzed which are collected from field trials and the experiment is conducted using augmented design. I used 100 test treatments and 4 check varieties in two different environments. the layout consists of 5 blocks and in each block, there are 24 plots. The test treatments are randomly sown and the 4 checks are repeated in each block.
sample layout attached below
Dear Bante Haile
You can use R software
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Hello everyone, I tried to export an .stl file of a 3D designed pipe adapter with threads in AutoCad 2022 Software, however, the threads were missing. I tried multiple times but all of my attempts failed. Any idea?
Hi dear Mustafa Nile
Did you observe the following steps?
1. Click Output > Send panel > Export. At the Command prompt, enter export.
2. In the Export Data dialog box, enter a file name.
3. Under Files of Type, select Lithography (*.stl). Click Save.
4. Select one or more solid objects. All objects must be entirely within the positive XYZ octant of the world coordinate system (WCS). That is, their X, Y, and Z coordinates must be greater than zero. The file extension .stl is automatically appended to the file name.
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The publication of a research: OPTICAL GEOMETRY IN THE FORBIDDEN CITY, show after carefully analysis of the an metal alloy horse with concave eyes .The investigation show the horse was designed and realized by the Jesuit Painter -Architect:
Giuseppe Castiglione (1688-1766), during his 50th years of service under Nr.3 Qing Emperor , from 1715-1766. As explained in the report the intention of Castiglione was to convert the Emperor Qianlong (1711-1799) to Christianity, but due yo rigid protocol in place, he can't due directly, but realizing work of art with technology , in this case (physic concept of light). As he can't be discovered for eventually any questions arising from Emperor about this phenomenon, in particular the left eye, where a triangle is visible ( sign of trinity) , as well as in the link (inserted at the end of pag.1 of the here attached research , to the video of 28th seconds ( eyes became real in the last 12 seconds).
As apparently brain neuronal mechanism of the retina is involved, with calculation and knowledge Castiglione used to realized the virtual image? probably the first in the history.
Considering also that he keep in consideration daily light, as an alibi, as daylight don't show any affects.
Thanks
People lose sight acuity with aging.
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-
• Mendeley.
• EndNote.
• EasyBib.com.
• Zotero.
• Cite This For Me (formerly RefME)
• Paperpile.
• Sciwheel.
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I'm trying to get a good summary of the main types of architectural research, and the motivations for using each type? any help?
To clearly set up the methodological approach for my new research ...
I rely upon:
The research as a base for the design
I'm actually trying to use the explanations of the book "Architectural Research Methods" by
Linda Groat and David Wang
You can also try to read
'Research Methods for the Architectural Profession' by Ajla Aksamija
publisher: Taylor and Francis
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In my current project, I want to answer if various cognition items (ratio, 30+ of them, may get reduced based on a separate factor analysis) predict moral outrage - in other words, do increases in item 1 (then item 2, item 3, etc) predict increases in outrage in a significant way. Normally, this would be a simple regression. But then I complicated my design, and I'm having a hard time wrapping my head around my potential analyses and whether it will actually answer my stated question, or if I'm over-thinking things.
Currently, I'm considering a set-up where participants will see a random selection of 3 vignettes (out of 5 options) and answer the cognition items and moral outrage about each. This complicates matters because 1) there is now a repeated measure component that may (or may not?) need to be accounted for and 2)I'm not sure how my analyses would work if the vignette selection is random (thus, all vignettes will show up the same number of times, but in different combinations to different people). I am anticipating that different vignettes will not be equal in their level of DV (which is on purpose - I want to see if these patterns are general, not just at very high or very low levels of outrage).
When originally designing this, I had wanted to average the 3 vignette scores together for each subject, treating them as single, averaged item values to use in a multiple regression. But I've been advised by a couple people that this isn't an option, because the variance between the vignettes needs to be accounted for (and the vignettes can't be shown to be equivalent, and thus can't be collapsed down in analysis).
One potential analysis to combat this is a nested, vignette-within-individual multilevel design, where I see if the pattern of cognition items to outrage is consistent between vignettes (level 1) and across subjects (level 2), to account for/examine any vignette-by-cognition/MO pattern interactions. And this makes sense, as MLMs can be used to compare patterns, rather than single scores.
But I can't wrap my head around what part of this set-up/the output I would look at to actually answer my question: generally, which, if any, of these cognition items predicts outrage (regardless of vignette, or across many scenarios)? And can this approach work when the vignettes combinations differ between subjects?
Or is this the incorrect analysis approach and another, simpler one would be more fitting? For example, is the averaging approach workable in another format? What if all vignettes were done by all subjects (more arduous on the subjects, but possible if the strength of the analysis/results would be compromised/overly-complicated)?
Confirmation that my current analysis approach will indeed work, help with what part of the output would answer my actual RQ, or suggestions for an alternative approach, would be appreciated.
Do not complicate you research design to much: complicate just to surround some issue.
Analysis should be made at different levels as if it was a splitplot.
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I am working in a research to study resilient buildings. I would like to know if is possible develop a new technology that gives buildings some resilient property.
I propose research projects concerning the combination of traditional construction technologies with eco-innovations in materials and pro-environmental technologies of renewable energy sources so that the obtained effect in the green smart construction formula meets the goals of sustainable development, zero emissions, high level of energy savings, etc.
Greetings,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Personel spaces are important in human confort. In public places people try to find different areas for finding a place for well being
Hi dear seda.
The three most common of these values ​​and boundaries are:
Physical demarcation - personal space and tactile considerations
Psychological demarcation - thoughts and opinions
Emotional demarcation - emotions
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Hi I want to know more about how are new cities implementing biophilic design to their buildings and how much this is growing. Also how important is the LEED certificate becoming for this implementation.
Hi dear Santiago.
Real architecture is called architecture in which human thoughts and feelings are taken into account and this architecture creates a perfect fit that pays attention to structure and function at the same time. We know that our relationship with nature promotes health and well-being, and this relationship can also improve physical function. People who live in a building do not just need to work, play, eat or sleep. They want to be inspired and inspired by their surroundings, to feel comfortable and strong in it. They need a space that makes them more comfortable. The solution to architectural sustainability is to work in harmony with nature. That is, one must understand nature, explore it with sensitivity, and at the same time avoid damaging nature's systems. The architect-planner should pay attention to the concept of biophilia, which causes the continuity of performance and health and emotional states of residents and individuals and leads to positive reactions in the environment, and the general process in the architectural predominance to such things as:
1- Making natural and physical frameworks friendlier
2- Optimal organization of energy consumption
3- Ensuring the effective relationship between human progress and optimal management of natural resources in reducing the negative effects of climate change.
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🎹🎼🎻🎥📷📗🗣🕺💃🎭🎨🌍
If you like music, movies, theatre plays, literature, poetry, paintings, sculptures, museums, galleries, fashion, architecture, video games - we need to know your opinion!
This survey is designed to assess the differences in participation in arts by art receivers through natural/traditional versus digital/new ways.
We want to find out how the pandemic time - that forced us to move to digital ways of participation in arts - will influence our future behaviors in this area. We focus on the art receiver perspective.
Dr. Michał Szostak, University of Social Sciences, Warsaw, Poland
Dr. Damian Kedziora, Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland
Prof. Łukasz Sułkowski, Jagiellonian University, Cracow, Poland
هذه الفنون تمل لغة ابداعية عالمية
وهناك اتفاق عام من كافة البشر بأنها مفيدة ونافعة
فإن لم يكن بقصد الجمال، فقد يكون بقصد الوظيفة
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Dear All.
I hope you are doing well, I have a problem handling this blade geometry, I am trying to perform analysis on this blade but I could not use the APDL, it shutdown when I start meshing directly, so I tried to export it via IGES so I can use the workbench but unfortunately the geometry is not complete as shown in the picture. I found many problem reconstructing it since a lot of details are missed and I am not the owner of the original design.
Is there any solution?!!!
Probably unit issue. Check your units before importing the model.
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Two similar term in civil engineering.. Foundation and Footing.. any differences between...?
Foundation is a structure which transfers the loads from the superstructure to the ground, while footing is the foundation which is in contact with the earth. A foundation can be shallow and deep, while a footing is a type of a shallow foundation. so, all footings are foundations but all foundations cannot be footings.
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I was assigned to design a pair of primers (one forward, one reverse primer) for the COL1A1 gene with a product size of 400-800 bp. And I need to be able to perform PCR using these primers for both DNA and RNA samples. We use Primer 3 to design the primers. Should I choose genomic RefSeq or mRNA on NCBI's gene database?
That's a pretty high-level assignment. Is this a PhD course?
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As per a latest report, 22 of world’s 30 most polluted cities are in India. What strategies need to be adopted to bring down this number to say half (11) in the fastest possible timeframe.
For example, strategy could be like stopping all new construction activity within the polluting city, shifting all no strategic offices to rural areas, fixing the allowed population density per unit area, shifting of airport traffic etc.......Please give suggestions in this context.
There are various types of pollution, so each one or combination may take a specific survey or inventory, and assessment. Some of the various types may include solid waste, sanitary waste (human, animals, pets, etc.), industrial wastes, air pollutants, water pollutants, soil pollutants, etc. Coming up with a working proposal would probably necessitate involvement of leaders, community, landowners, and others interested, such as industry, hospitality such as hotels, citizens, etc. Leaders might include political representatives, health, religious, agencies, police or enforcement, various technical pollution experts, etc. Funding to develop comprehensive plans, improvements and management as well as monitoring may be another important area to address. Plans or programs might be developed to help address specific types of pollution, or circumstances, and some of these might be voluntary citizen responsibilities, and some might be legalized or regulated, and funded by taxation, communities, industries, or government actions.
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Hello everyone:
I am looking for a simple software program to model chemical bonds. The purpose is to generate a high-quality graphical abstract for a top leading journal in the field of chemistry. I am not interested in professional programs like Photoshop as I don't have enough time to learn. Any suggestion?
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I want to expand and publish a chapter of my dissertation which focuses on the question of social housing. Does anyone know where I can publish small books regarding social sciences, in particular art and architecture?
Dear Rahmat, it depends whether you want to publish your book in a renown publishing house (such as Springer Nature or Elsevier), or whether you would be fine with just publishing it somewhere. There are lots of self-publishing models such as Lulu, Blurb or CreateSpace. You can read more here: https://mashable.com/2009/03/01/publish-book/?europe=true
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Hi all, I'm looking for any studies using Co-Design, Participatory Design, or Design Thinking specifically in developing countries. Of specific interest are technology-based projects and the uptake of technology in developing countries especially rural regions.
If you have come across any, or were involved in any, please let me know Many thanks in advance P.J.
Dear PJ White,
Participatory design (originally co-operative design, now often co-design) is an approach to design attempting to actively involve all stakeholders (e.g. employees, partners, customers, citizens, end users) in the design process to help ensure the result meets their needs and is usable.
The most attractive benefit of the participatory design is bringing a fresh, unique set of eyes into the design process. Developers and engineers work daily to create web designs and interface models, but do not share the same perspectives of end-users
Co-design, design with users, not for them. Participatory design you design for users and get their input.
A human-centered, systems-minded, and strategy-aligned design approach for social sector leaders. ... Strategic planning is logical and ensures that an organization's activities actually lead to its intended outcome, rather than busy work. Human centered design is action-oriented, deeply human, and experimental
The design thinking process is broken up into five specific design thinking stages: empathy, definition, ideation, prototyping, and testing.
sandeep
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Hi all,
I'm looking for any studies on Gender Balance in Creative or Design School /Faculty in higher education. If you have come across any, or were involved in any, please let me know
P.J.
Wolfgang Weinlich Thanks very much!!
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Apparently, the largest technology companies are already working on a new type of electronic gadgets, which in the next stage of the current technological revolution, known as Industry 4.0, will replace smartphones.
Therefore, I am asking you: What type of electronic gadget will replace smartphones in the future?
Voicebots, I guess.
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Hi everyone,
I plan to create a design for a system using previously published articles, journals, etc as a basis. I found methodological research design but I don't know how to conduct it. Like phrasing questions and what to use for analysis since the research is mostly focused on making a design rather than answering a question.
Do you have any suggestions?
Thank you!
It sounds as if you are looking at some kind of meta-analysis. Your research needs to have some kind of focus or topic, with an underlying research questions that you want to answer. If you want to design something, that design needs to fulfill a purpo;se and that purpose leads to questions that need to be answered for the design to be useful. These questions will allow you to develop categories that you cans use to structure your literatur.e
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First drone development dates back to 1917. Why just about a century later this technology starts booming?
Does it has do to with the related enabling technologies?
In my opinion, despite the fact that the history of drone development dates back to 1917, it was only at the beginning of the 21st century, i.e. one hundred years later, that the technology and applications of drones developed, which is related to the ongoing technological progress in various supporting technologies in the field of batteries that store electricity, plastics materials, ICT information technologies in remote control applications, etc. Besides, it is only in recent years that the development of drone applications has occurred. In 2020, the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic also caused an increase in the use of drones. Currently (December 2020), in the context of the pandemic, drones are used to transport medicines for sick people, drugs and food to places with poorly developed road communication, blood plasma of people who have recovered from Covid-19 disease, etc. In the future, drones will find many more applications as equipment for courier companies delivering different products to individuals. Moreover, conceptual technological solutions for the construction of flying cars, which are also drones, are currently being created. Transport flying machines are also built, which with their shape and avionics technology were created as a combination of the concept of a helicopter with a drone. This type of progress in the field of avionics would not be possible without, for example, constantly improved and more efficient batteries that store electricity, more and more perfect electric motors and devices that charge said batteries with electricity. Perhaps in the future, as part of the ongoing technological progress, the growing demand for electricity, the growing demand for drones and the growing importance of environmentally friendly energy sources, drones will be produced powered by photovoltaic panels, which will cover the drones.
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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hi hope you are well in this current climate,
I am doing a project on Catia where i need to design a scissor jack like the one attached. however i wanted to know how i can calculate the dimensions and angles the criteria i have been given is it needs to hold 1.5 ton and have a minimum 30mm lifting capability
Let's see. Breaking this down into its separate components, start with the simplest.
The maximum delta lift distance, from max down to max lifted, is going to be 2L. At its lowest point, the distance from the floor to the vehicle would consist of only the height of the stand and that top block.
The maximum Fs, which would be the maximum tension experienced by the long screw which lifts and lowers the jack, would be F*sin(α). As the jack goes from full down to full up, that weight goes from being entirely held up by the screw (sin(90) = 1) to being entirely held up by those four L components (sin(0) = 0).
And as you might therefore conclude, at max lifted position, F1 = F2 = F3 = F4 = 0.5*F. That's because when fully lifted, the weight is held up equally by F1 and F3, on the left, and by F2 and F4, on the right, while at the same time, at that fully elevated position, the long screw holds up none of the weight.
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I have just completed my PhD thesis - Adapting Photovoice to Visualise and Influence Environmental Behaviour across Australia, Bangladesh, and China (Monash University - Design), exploring using photovoice methods across multiple geographic sites to facilitate dialog between and amongst these communities using various participatory techniques, specifically with innovation in audience engagement.
The journey has taken me across 17 discrete participatory-action-research cycles
spanning 4 years, where I partnered with 19 local organisations to run 80 workshops, 8 community exhibitions, and 3 community interview events across 4 separate sites spanning Australia, Bangladesh, and China. Over 700 participants attended workshops and collectively created over 500 photo-stories. I focussed on environmental behaviour, but these methods - like photovoice generally - are applicable to a wide range of themes.
Now I have finally emerged from the tunnel of my PhD, I am looking for future opportunities to use these learnings in other projects and connect with like-minded peers.
Thus I am interested to see who else / what other current and future projects are working on similar methodological adaptations in photovoice or related visual methods?
I have attached the full thesis text here if it is useful to others. I am also happy to receive feedback.
thanks and all the best,
Michael Chew
Monash University
Melbourne, Australia
This is really interesting. I do photovoice research with non-binary young adults. I am currently preparing a study that will have small groups in various locations. Small groups will regularly connect with and report back to the larger collective group. We hope that this allows us to explore region specific issues, along with more broad ones. I'm definitely going to dig into your work!
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Hi All, I am looking at compiling a wide list of papers or resources on reminiscence therapy for dementia for older people. The positive and negative results, Creative approaches, ICT interventions, standard procedures, etc. I'm interested in perspectives from differing disciplines. All resources/ papers/ leads welcome Thank you!
P.J.
It feels great to share it. Hope you find it useful P.J. White
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is it possible to calculate the return air temperature in the system if no heat gains and losses are taken into account (except for temperature rise due to the fan) knowing the supply air temperature, temperatures of different ventilation zones, airflow, and outdoor temperature?
I do not have time to prepare a detailed description of the whole method and assumptions. However, I think you are rather looking for equations like in the appendix.
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Greetings,
Recently I have been assigned several tasks of making presentations for webinar by a superior. The presentations are mainly about treatments in oncology such as immunotherapy and targeted therapy.
In the process of making the presentation, a few graphs such as kaplan-meier survival are needed to be included in the PowerPoint presentation. However, I then suddenly remembered that several speakers in symposiums had this sort of beautiful graph (Picture 1.). When I check the PowerPoint file, it is as if they design or make the graph in the PowerPoint directly, resulting in a well-suited graph for viewing.
On the other hand, the best that I could do was downloading the figure or slides directly from the journal and even then, it was still horrendous occasionally and unsuitable for presentation in my opinion (Picture 2.)
I want to ask whether there is an easy way to make beautiful graph like in picture 1 without allocating significant time. I also want to know how they do it. Do they use professional designers in the firstplace or is there an automatic software to make this?
Many thanks for the help
Kevin
Kevin Winston, if you know MS office, then it is so easy, make/draw chart/ graphs etc in MS Excel, and copy/paste to MS Power point as mentioned by Dr. Dariusz Prokopowicz.
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I want to develop an aircraft engine but i don't know where to start. I read a few books, they are very theoretical. I just learn design process step by step.
Please go through the following book
Aircraft Engine Design, 3E,J. D. Mattingly, W.H. Heiser, D. T. Pratt, K. M. Boyer and B. A. Haven.
The book outlines the concepts and procedures required for the entire design process which you may be looking for.
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Which book is better to study the mechanical engineering design course?
Shigley Theory of Machines and Mechanisms
Shigley Mechanical Engineering Design
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Hi,
We conducted an experiment analyzed by multiple regression. We measured each participants' personality with HEXACO model and their accuracy in the task. Our predictors are the six dimensions of HEXACO and criterion variable was their accuracy.
So what is the design of this experiment? Is this a repeated measures design?
You may analyze it as a repeated records model, in which each of the six dimensions are explanatory variables. Then, you need to model your residuals to accommodate the fact that the same participant was evaluated across all six dimensions. An equivalent model would be fitting the random effect of participant instead of modeling the residuals - they will result in the same model.
One question is: how does your response variable look like? Is it categorical, proportion, or continuous quantitative? This will impact the type of statistical method to be used. For example, if it is ordered categorical, you need to use an ordered multinomial (logistic, probit, etc) regression. If it is proportion, then you may use Poisson/Negative Binomial. If it is continuous quantitative, then a simple linear model would be enough.
Please let me know if this is what you were looking for. THanks, Nick
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Suppose I have a 100 Farad, 2.7 V supercapacitor which has a dimension of length = 45 mm and Diameter = 22 mm. I want to understand-how these length and diameter values were fixed and if any design equation is guiding it?
The capacity of a supercapacitor can be measured in (F / g) or (F / cm2) or (F / cm3)
The working voltage = 2.7, indicates the maximum voltage to which the SC can be charged.
Using the equation:
Cs = I. t / m (Vf-Vi)
Cs = I. t / A (Vf-Vi)
Cs = I t / V (Vf-Vi)
Where i = is the discharge current
Where Vf-Vi = is the work potential
Where m = is the mass of the active material
Where A = is your area
Where V = is the volume, this can be found with the data: 45 mm and diameter = 22 mm.
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Background
We have an RNA-seq project on small intestine. The experimental design were like this: Four physiological states, each with three individuals (biological replicates), each individual with two samples (two parts of small intestine), thus 4 physiological states × three individuals × two parts. The reason we included two parts of same individual’s small intestines is that we want to take consideration of tissue heterogeneity, by pre-analysis of these replicates the difference between two parts is actually not significant.
Question
Here is my question, when I applied a generalized linear model for the differential expression analysis on samples from two physiological states (e.g. DESeq2), should I treat samples as independent one thus 6 vs 6, or merge two samples from same individuals thus 3 vs 3. For the later one, can I regard it as technical replicate and merge reads from the two part together, or merge counts calculated from the two parts (e.g. collapseReplicates function in DESeq2). Or, should I include "individuals" as a blocking factor in the differential expression analysis.
There is an intensive discussion about biological replicates and technical replicates, like these https://www.biostars.org/p/54380/
but I am still confused about my situation, should I treat the two tissue parts from same individuals as biological or technical replicates.
Two parts of small intestine from same individuals, It's technical or biological replicates?
Thanks Pro. Pan
It is a ticklish question to distinguish between technical and biological replicate in our situation, thank you for your time and your answer. The work the question from have been peer-reviewed and published (see details below). I’d like to share our answers. Firstly, we tried to answer two question, one is whether the variation between the two replicate is from biological factors (e.g. sex, age, or tissue heterogeneity), or from technical factors (e.g. sequencing lanes, library generation). It is reasonable that the two parts of small intestine were not biological replicates, just as you said, two samples were from the same individual and they shared same genetic background, then the variation between the replicates were from sequencing or other technical factors. However, as our original intention is inducing the variation from tissue heterogeneity, although they come from close part of small intestine, it’s not precise to just regard them as technical replicates and merge them in downstream analysis. The other question we want to answer is, how to take consideration of tissue heterogeneity but also avoid pseudoreplication caused by the same origian of the replicates. In our work, we randomly assign the two samples from the same individual to “PartA” and “PartB” and incorporate the blocking design into differential expression tools with ~sampled part + physiological states. By fitting design model above, we can compare the four physiological states with adjustment of the baseline differences from tissue heterogeneity (see details in )
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I am currently working on the design of a 1-shell, 4-tube pass heat exchanger with 200 copper tubes. The purpose of the problem is to determine the affects of fouling on heat exchange area. Unused engine oil flows through the shell side and cold water in the tube side. The internal diameter is 15mm with a wall thickness of 2mm. I want to know if wall thickness and conductivity should be ignored in the calculation of the heat exchange area. I've tried out the calculation both ways, by first assuming that these factors are ignored and then by taking them into consideration and I noticed a significant difference between the two cases hence I am unable to decipher if it is wise to ignore the wall thickness and conductivity. I am aware that in most cases, with thin walled tubes, wall thickness and conductivity is ignored. Is it advisable to follow that approach of most cases?
Thank you all for your advice and guidance. I will definitely pay heed to them!
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The diversity + inclusivity by Design Research Lab (d+iD), School of Design, the University of Greenwich is currently working on an EU project and exploring ideas on how to design inclusively to engage people deeply throughout the design process, sharing our practices and amalgamating people’s unique knowledge as design interventions.
Through practice research d+iD will amplify, diversify, and mobilise this under-investigated aspect of practice and discourse; where design acts inclusively regardless of disability, gender, ethnicity, vulnerability, language or age.
We are looking for people to answer our question and elaborate their way of thinking in relation to their own experiences.
The outcomes of the question will be used to inform future research
Following
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In my opinion, sketch is of great importance in architectural creativity, but its role is understated due to technological advances and changes in educational system.
What do you think respected architecture researchers?
Thank you.
We can explore the importance of sketching in the design process through three provinces:
1- Its function as a thinking tool during exploration, abstraction and developmental phases.
2- Its function as a communication tool, the value of sketches as an external storage medium for ideas and as an unspoken language between the architect and himself, between the architect and the design team and between the architect and the general public
3- Its function as a tool for analysis and description, the worth of sketching in exposing the architect thoughts, since sketches are a device used for both the architect and the observer to explain both the product's substance and the design process used to approach the object.
For more discussion on the important of the sketching into the conceptual phase in architecture you can see the interesting work of: Suwa, M., Tversky, B
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Whether you're making stuff physically or virtually, you ARE making stuff. Don't take my word for it, see what the U.S. Department of Labor has decreed: https://dasisolutions.com/appreticeship-program
Garett Scott Patria Thanks Garett Scott Patria this has important implications for apprenticeships here too. ILO said biggest challenge for VET from the pandemic was teaching technical and on the job training, on-line!
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What could be the main design challenges in aquaculture engineering? in what kind of aquaculture sector?
I think...it all about the countries....which really pay attention on the design or not...I mean limitations generate the ideas some time...RAS is not that popular in India but it popular in other countries.... similarly bund breeding is quite famous in India but less in other countries...if we will think about cage western world is leading but still in so many countries...it's not up to the mark...so i think all the aquaculture enngg design need to work out efficiently....
Further I would like to suggest about the vertical farming model...which may be very useful in the coming future..
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What is the future scope of Communication Design?
Mainly a communication that is interchangeably developed through graphic design. it is also a crossover between information development and design through which we can communicate in different media or forms. In a way, a communication interface between people and design.
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Hello,
I was introduced to different types of national energy efficient design standards for new construction in China. But is there any national design standards for existing buildings' renovation to meet energy efficiency in China?
I hope this research is useful to you and can answer your question.
Developing a Rating System for Building Energy Efficiency Based on In Situ Measurement in China
By: Zhao, L (Zhao, Li) ; Zhou, ZN (Zhou, Zhengnan)
DOI: 10.3390/su9020208
Abstract
Building energy consumption in China recently surpassed the US building consumption, and it is expected to increase significantly in the next decade pushed by the continuous population and urbanization increase. In response to that situation, the Chinese government introduced a series of building energy codes and rating systems to assess and enhance the building energy performance. The purpose of this study is to develop a rating system for the building energy efficiency, based on in situ measurement. The system is intended for office buildings in China's cold zone. An evaluation framework, graphic dominant point, and principle of data collection and processing are illustrated in this paper. Three existing buildings were rated under the new rating system. The authors believe that the new system will contribute to a more accurate and comprehensive understanding for asset holders and occupants, that report on the extent to which energy efficiency buildings have been reached. Rating results are expected to be a reference for the retrofitting of existing buildings and the design of new buildings. In addition, the outlook for the rating system was also discussed.
Keywords
Author Keywords:building energy efficiency; indoor environmental quality; rating system; actual performance; in situ measurement
KeyWords Plus:PERFORMANCE; SIMULATION; COMFORT; DESIGN
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