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Dentistry - Science topic

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Dentistry education in the Arab world
Research Proposal
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We welcome clinicians to report their experiences using these new materials, new techniques, and digital workflows, suggesting critical comparisons with the previous generation of materials and rehabilitation techniques. We also invite researchers to propose studies on the strength, thickness, and characteristics that clinicians must pay attention...
Article
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The use of artificial intelligence (AI) technology in dentistry provides information that aids clinical decision-making by interpreting big data quickly. This study aims to systematically review the current role of AI in dentistry where it has a significant impact on clinical dentistry. Document collection was done from 1990 to 2022 based on the ma...
Chapter
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This chapter covers photobiomodulation (PBM) mechanism of action, benefits and clinical applications. Also, it mentions the current clinical PBM protocols in the management of various oral complications-induced by chemotherapy and radiotherapy, in terms of therapeutic and preventive approaches. Moreover, emphasising the vital role of Dental hygieni...
Chapter
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Maxillofacial defects result from trauma and cancer surgery that affect the quality of the life. Various prostheses are used for craniomaxillofacial reconstruction, which improves the esthetics and functions to improve the quality of life of patients. The use of various biomaterials has been studied for many decades for reconstruction. Broadly, bio...
Article
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Background: Dental curriculums require regular revision to stay up to date in scientifical and societal fields. Senior dental students are among the main stakeholders of such curriculums. The present study investigated the opinions of Iranian senior dental students regarding the adequacy of their dentistry program and the national dental curriculu...
Article
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Materials informatics involves the application of computational methodologies to process and interpret scientific and engineering data concerning materials. Although this concept has been well established in the fields of biology, drug discovery, and classic materials research, its application in the field of dental materials is still in its infanc...
Article
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To study the kind and trend of clinical trials registered with the Drug Regulatory Authority of Pakistan (DRAP), as well as the relevance of clinical trial registration in the discipline of dentistry. Methods-A Retrospective Study was done by the department of Community Dentistry, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Jamshoro. The Stu...
Article
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Background This study aimed to observe the impact of service learning on the attitude of senior dental students toward community service. Methods A cross-sectional survey-based was conducted and recruited a total of 120 senior students of Dentistry Taibah University that were enrolled in a clinical service-learning course using convenience samplin...
Article
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Machine learning (ML) is being increasingly employed in dental research and application. We aimed to systematically compile studies using ML in dentistry and assess their methodological quality, including the risk of bias and reporting standards. We evaluated studies employing ML in dentistry published from 1 January 2015 to 31 May 2021 on MEDLINE,...
Article
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For the past few years, Artificial Intelligence (AI) has been a topic of great interest in dentistry. There has been an exponential increase in the usage of AI-based technology in daily dental practice. AI applications are being routinely used to assist dental practitioners in the diagnosis and treatment planning of patients. The purpose of this st...
Article
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Willingness to invest (WTI), has been used for cost benefit analysis. WTI is used to assess the consumers’ preference in health measures with considering their ability to pay. This cross-sectional analytical study aimed to compare parental and child factors, caries experiences and WTI of parents for children’s oral health. The study was conducted i...
Article
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Introduction: Dental amalgam is a dental material that has been used to fill carious cavities for more than 150 years. Amalgam fillings contain about 50% mercury and a mixture of other metals. The mercury it contains is controversial and debated by many researchers, as there is evidence of its negative effects on the human body. The constant releas...
Article
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Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is an autoimmune disease characterized by dry mouth. The cause of SS is unknown, and its diverse symptoms make diagnosis difficult. The Saxon test, an intraoral examination, is used as the primary diagnostic method for SS, however, the risk of salivary infection is problematic. Therefore, we investigate the possibility of di...
Article
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Introdução: Qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde bucal (QVRSB) foi conceituada como o impacto das doenças bucais sobre aspectos da vida cotidiana que são importantes para as pessoas, com os impactos sendo de magnitude suficiente, quer em termos de frequência, gravidade ou duração, para afetar a percepção do indivíduo sobre sua vida em geral. Objet...
Book
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This practical manual provides details on the clinical and radiographic evaluation, classification, principles of suturing and flaps, intricacies of the transalveolar surgery, newer advances in mandibular third molar surgery and complications that may be encountered during mandibular third molar exodontia. It presents vital surgical skills for the...
Article
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Aim of the study was to analyze students’ opinions on the learning outcomes they achieved during clinical classes in pediatric dentistry. The classes were run in various periods: before the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus pandemic (onsite classes), in the first months of the pandemic (online classes), and in the following months of the pandemic (onsite clas...
Article
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PRF is one of the most common and popular biocompatible materials today. Due to its ease of application and production and its cost-effectiveness, an increasing number of studies are carried out on it. PRF, which is applied in various fields in other branches of medicine, can be used in almost every field of dentistry.
Article
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O esmalte dental é considerado o tecido mais mineralizado do corpo humano, sua desmineralização, ocasiona o surgimento de manchas brancas, que é um dos principais motivos que levam os pacientes a procurarem tratamento odontológico estético. Na busca contínua de uma Odontologia baseada em tratamentos cada vez mais conservadores, é de extrema importâ...
Article
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Learning games that are based on current scientific concepts are underutilized in dental education. This paper explores the relevant science of learning and discusses several principles that are conducive to learning and teaching in an educational setting, namely retrieval practice, feedback, motivation, and engagement. A discussion of learning gam...
Article
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Gene therapy promises to possess a good prospect in bridging the gap between dental applications and medicine. The dynamic therapeutic modalities of gene therapy have been advancing rapidly. Conventional approaches are being revamped to be more comprehensive and pre-emptive, which could do away with the need for surgery and medicine altogether. The...
Article
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Objective: This descriptive, cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the learning style and the learning outcome amongst students of different levels of study. Materials and Methods: A known system; Visual, Aural, Read/write, and Kinesthetic (VARK) was used to analyze the learning outcome of the 235 students, interns and faculty members from Hamdar...
Article
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In diagnostic accuracy studies, the test of interest is typically applied only once in each patient. This paper illustrates some possibilities that arise when diagnoses are carried out by a sufficiently large number of multiple raters. In a dental study, sixty-one examiners were asked to diagnose 49 tooth areas with different grades of tissue loss...
Article
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Zinc phosphate cement is used in dentistry to lute crowns and bridges. So far, its biocompatibility for other applications has not been studied. This paper reports the biocompatibility of zinc phosphate towards MG63 cells, testing both the material (discs; 3 mm diameter × 1 mm thick) and leachate from the cement. Cell viability was determined using...
Article
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Dental education was severely challenged by the COVID-19 pandemic worldwide. The evaluation of the viewpoint of the dental teachers of the Faculty of Dentistry at “Carol Davila” University of Medicine and Pharmacy in Bucharest, Romania, on these exceptional circumstances’ consequences was the objective of this paper. A cross-sectional study was con...
Article
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Marsupialisation of odontogenic cysts is a minimally invasive treatment method used in human dentistry. Marsupialisation decompresses the cyst and promotes remodeling of alveolar bone and shrinkage of the cyst. In this retrospective study we look at the effectiveness of marsupialisation at reducing the size of odontogenic cysts in dogs. The case se...
Article
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AIM: The aim of this study is to determine the motivations and future perspective of professional career among dental interns after bachelor of dental surgery. OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this study is, Ÿ Students motive in the eld of dentistry Ÿ To analyse the student's perspective towards future career after bachelor of dental surgery MATE...
Article
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Objetivo: avaliar o ensino da espiritualidade nos cursos de Odontologia. Método: estudo transversal, realizado junto a docentes e discentes do curso de odontologia em diferentes instituições de ensino superior (IES) do Brasil. Resultados: a baixa espiritualidade foi mais prevalente (53,3%), sendo esta estatisticamente significante para a alunos (60...
Article
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After the occurrence of disasters, the human and financial losses caused are generally significant, and sometimes its effects continue long after the event. The main priority in disaster management is rescuing the survivors and preventing the increase of casualties by relief groups, whose members include people with different skills, who are presen...
Article
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According to Sturdevant, the main aim of restoration is to restore the form, function and occlusion of individual tooth which is mutilated by dental caries. To achieve all these factors many techniques and restorative materials have evolved in modern dentistry. Stamp technique is a new and decisive method for re-establishing the occlusal anatomy. I...
Article
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Patient-centred care dentistry offers positive treatment outcome by unique combination of dental practitioners and their patients to improve quality of care and overall health outcomes. As Muslim dental practitioners, they must adhere with the Islamic principles and values in treating their patients with the Maqasid Shari’ah that blended in patient...
Article
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Este estudo observacional transversal analisou a perspectiva de atuação profissional do cirurgião-dentista na Estratégia Saúde da Família (ESF). Os participantes foram estudantes do último semestre de graduação em Odontologia de Universidade Pública do Sul do Brasil. A coleta de dados foi realizada de 2010-2019, pela aplicação de instrumento de pes...
Article
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The field of dentistry is constantly changing with the introduction of new materials and techniques that resulted in good treatment outcome.Bio-ceramics are amongst the recently introduced materials which have changed the face of dentistry. Bioceramics are biocompatible, nontoxic, non-shrinking and usually chemically stable within the biological en...
Article
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This case report describes the non - surgical management of a large periapical lesion using Metapex as a intracanal dressing and root canal therapy. Periapical lesions usually develop in non-vital teeth as a result of chronic aggression by the pathogenic microorganisms into the root canal which may appear as radiolucent in periapical radiographs. T...
Article
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Enamel is the outermost layer of the tooth and has no ability to regenerate after tooth eruption. Its mineral composition is likely to be responsible for the enamel resistance to any agents that appear in oral cavity. The objective of this study was to compare the content of Ca, Mg, Zn and Cu in specific layers of healthy and worn tooth enamel. Thr...
Article
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Vital pulp therapy for cariously exposed permanent teeth remains one of the most controversial areas in dentistry. Because a vital pulp is capable of initiating several defence mechanisms to protect the tooth from bacterial invasion, hence it is beneficial to preserve the vitality and health of an exposed pulp rather than replace it with artificial...
Article
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Conscious sedation is most commonly practiced in western world in comparison to developing and underdeveloped countries. Due to advancement of technology and availability of safety drugs to anesthetize the patient is helping the patients to undergo certain procedures especially in dentistry. This technique helps mainly for pediatric patients and to...
Article
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Computer-Aided Design/Computer-Aided Manufacture (CAD/CAM) and digital imprint systems offer several benefits compared to traditional techniques. Use of CAD/CAM system to scan preparations and generate restorations in-office, removes second appointment for patient. In present case series we describe use of digital dentistry in pediatric patients an...
Article
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DOI: 10.31031/TTEFT.2023.07.000674 Abstract PDF Full-Text e-Pub In additive manufacturing (AM) techniques, 3D objects are built layer by layer. After the introduction of AM techniques, they found extensive applications in various industries such as medicine, dentistry, architecture, aerospace, textile, fashion, and so forth. This study presents a...
Article
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Objectives To evaluate the diagnostic MRI compatibility of different fixed orthodontic retainers using a high-resolution 3D-sequence optimized for artifact reduction. Materials and methods Maxillary and mandibular retainers made of five different materials were scanned in vitro and in vivo at 3 T MRI using an MSVAT-SPACE sequence. In vitro, artifa...
Article
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The purpose of this presentation is to share our experience with introducing the essentials of professionalism into the subject-oriented undergraduate dental curriculum to answer the evolving identity, integrity and inter-professional challenges the dental profession face now. We got aware of the need of integrating social and behavioral knowledge...
Article
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Citation: Javed, M.Q.; Nawabi, S.; Bhatti, U.A.; Atique, S.; AlAttas, M.H.; Abulhamael, A.M.; Zahra, D.; Ali, K. How Well Prepared Are Dental Students and New Graduates in Pakistan-A Cross-Sectional National Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2023, 20, 1506. https:// Abstract: The transition of an undergraduate dental student to an actual p...
Chapter
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The potential use of calcium phosphate cements in endodontic therapy is an active area of research. Hydroxyapatite is one of the most commonly used calcium phosphate materials in medicine and dentistry. Biocompatibility of hydroxyapatite is closely related to its chemical composition, similar to dental and bony tissues. Recent studies have focused...
Research
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In dentistry, chelating agents bind with calcium and carry it out of the canal. The chelating agent most used in endodontics is EDTA. Considered this research as highlights of the importance of root canal disinfection and also discusses the different endodontic irrigants available. In order to achieve the multi-claim products required for dental-he...
Article
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Nanocomposites of methacrylate-based polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) are used as resins in dentistry to fill dental cavities. In this article, molecular dynamics simulations (MDS) are used to study and understand the interactions of monofunctional and multifunctional methacrylate groups on hybrid resins containing POSS additives for den...
Article
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Usually, dentin and enamel shades are layered in dental restorations with the purpose of mimicking the natural appearance of teeth. The main objective of this study was to develop and assess accuracy of a color-prediction method for both monolithic and layered dental resin-based composites with varying shades and under different illuminants. A tota...
Article
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Objetivo: Objetivou-se avaliar a condição oral nas mulheres pós-alta de hanseníase no município de Rio Largo – AL, que foram diagnosticadas no período de 2007 a 2017 Metodologia: Trata-se de um estudo de corte transversal realizado em um grupo de mulheres que tiveram pós-alta do tratamento de hanseníase no período de 2007 a 2017. Inicialmente em ja...
Article
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It discusses the challenges for geriatric Oral Health in India; Oral health policy, barriers in provision of oral care and recommendations to strengthen oral health care of elderly.
Chapter
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The substantiation of the current task of modern dentistry is presented, which consists of increasing the effectiveness of the treatment of dentognathic deformations accompanied by phonetic disorders through a multidisciplinary approach to the development and application of a complex of diagnostic and therapeutic measures based on the determined an...
Article
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The haptic and force feedback technology has received an increasing attention in dental schools due to its effectiveness in psychomotor skill training. However, the bibliometric analysis on haptic and force feedback technology in dental education is still scarce. Therefore, the aim of this study was to perform a bibliometric analysis of the develop...
Article
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Intrabony defects occur frequently in periodontitis and represent sites that, if left untreated, are at increased risk for disease progression. Although resective or repair procedures have been used to treat intrabony defects, aiming at their elimination, the treatment of choice is surgical periodontal regeneration. The development of periodontal r...
Article
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Late detection and specialist referral result in poor oral cancer outcomes globally. High-risk LRMU populations usually do not have access to oral medicine specialists, a specialty of dentistry, whose expertise includes the identification, treatment, and management of oral cancers. To overcome this access barrier, there is an urgent need for novel,...
Article
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Multitudinous health data are continually being produced as our activities, including medicine, evolve into the digital age where data plays a decisive role. Challenges come along as well, concerning the collection, secure storage, verification and secure access to the continuously growing data at such a broad scale before valuable information can...
Article
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Occlusion is important in the mastication process. Tooth occlusion is generally classified into staticocclusion and dynamic occlusion. Static occlusion is visible through the relation of both anterior and posterior teeth.Incisor relationships were classified according to the British Standard Institution (BSI), while Angle was classifiedbased on the...
Article
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Ultrasound shear wave elastography (SWE) is an emerging modality for the estimation of stiffness , but it has not been studied in relation to common disorders with altered stiffness, such as bruxism, which affects almost one-third of adults. Because this condition could lead to an increased stiffness of masticatory muscles, we investigated SWE in b...
Article
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COVID 19 virus rearrange the priorities of the global society regarding oral health to systemic health. Oral Health Policy and Epidemiology (OHPE) is the connection of dentistry, medicine, and public health which increase the perspective and impact of global and community health practice and policy through education, research, and leadership. Denta...
Article
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Radiography in dentistry is a device that is often used. The images produced from radiographs aresignificant for dentists, especially to see any abnormalities that are not visible or unclear on clinical examination sothat they can assist in making a diagnosis, determining treatment plans, and assessing treatment success. Besideshaving benefits, rad...
Article
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Introduction: Professionalism and academic integrity are important components of dental education as they influence not just the present-day learning process but also the practice of dentistry in the future. This study evaluated self-reported professional lapses, academic dishonesty behaviors among peers, and recommended sanctions for such lapses....
Article
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This case report presents a study of unwanted tooth movements during the retention phase after orthodontic treatment. The early recognition of these unwanted tooth movements is paramount for patients and clinicians to prevent the associated negative consequences. A 21-year-old male presented with aesthetic complaints regarding his upper front teeth...
Article
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Abstract: In order to protect the team and the patients and stop the virus from spreading, it is crucial that dentists improve their knowledge and preventative measures because they come into direct and close contact with the patient aerosols. Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the impact of coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on dental practice by cond...
Article
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In the interests of satisfying the dental services demands of German citizens area-wide, constant, and thoughtful planning of supply and demand is essential. With an anonymous online survey of 375 dentists a pairwise comparison of 9 factors extracted as relevant from the existing scientific literature were analyzed with an analytic hierarchy proces...
Article
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Resin-based composites used in dentistry often possess undesirable characteristics. This study investigated the effect of two different nano-additive materials, namely aluminum oxide (Al2O3) and titanium dioxide (TiO2), on the mechanical, wear, and water sorption/solubility behavior of a commercial restorative composite used in dental treatments (N...
Preprint
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Background: The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has raised awareness of the importance of air quality. This pilot study arose from the need to reduce the concentration of particulate matter in the dental office during orthodontic procedures. To evaluate the efficacy of using an air purifier during orthodontic care in the dental office to reduce the concentrati...
Article
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Due to their biocompatible nature and advantageous mechanical characteristics, zirconia treatments have been utilized effectively in by dentists for many decades. A zirconia core is typically veneered with porcelain as they are not translucent, which renders treatments poorer since the bonding between the two substances fails. All-ceramic zirconia...
Article
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The aim of this briefing article is to provide an evidential overview of the field of dental horizontal root fractures; how to diagnose horizontal root fractures and manage them appropriately; and to clarify of the prognostic factors that affect the outcome. From an educational perspective, the knowledge and confidence gained from learning the esse...
Article
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Abnormal/aberrant frenum is very common and causes various problems in function and aesthetics. It is managed by procedures such as frenotomy and frenectomy. Lasers are currently becoming popular in various fields of dentistry and provide alternative to conventional scalpel procedures. In recent years, lasers such as CO 2 , Neodymium-doped yttrium...
Article
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Four-dimensional virtual patient is a simulation model integrating multiple dynamic data. This study aimed to review the techniques in virtual four-dimensional dental patients. Searches up to November 2022 were performed using the PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases. The studies included were based on the superimposition of two o...
Article
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Oral cavity is an open ecosystem for many microorganisms making the oral environment more prone to bacterial colonization. Several studies have indicated that accumulation of bacteria on implant surface is a primary etiology for inflammatory conditions around implants, apparently leading to peri-implant diseases. Peri-implantitis is an inflammat...
Article
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Background Research indicates that stigma impacts the care provided to individuals with Substance Use Disorders (SUDs), but perceptions of SUDs in various healthcare training programs are not well known. We aimed to characterize perceptions of faculty, staff, and students about SUD stigma in professional healthcare training programs. Methods We co...
Article
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Abstract: Introduction: Many of the legal problems that dentists face are rooted in a lack of knowledge about dental professional law. Sometimes it has led to legal cases. Due to the lack of a similar study in Qazvin; this study was conducted to assess the knowledge and practice of dentists of legal knowledge related to dentistry. Methods: By usin...
Technical Report
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La SOCIEDAD ESPAÑOLA DE IMPLANTES (SEI) se ha convertido en un foro científico que ha impulsado la Implantología Oral durante las últimas décadas de una forma permanente entre los profesionales españoles de la Odontología. En este sentido, la SEI ha contribuido a que el tratamiento con implantes dentales se haya convertido en una parte importante d...
Article
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Introduction: The gummy smile is characterized by the extensive display of gingiva when smiling and ends up unfavoring the aesthetic aspect, generating dissatisfaction in many patients. This gingival disharmony has several etiologies and, taking into account that each individual presents their uniqueness, it is essential that the dentist knows the...
Article
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Background and Problem Statement Neurophobia, the fear of, discomfort with, and dislike of clinical neurology, is frequently due to poor experiences in preclinical neuroscience education among medical providers. We developed, implemented, and assessed a curricular innovation using clinician-educators and team-based learning (TBL) with the goals to...
Article
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Aim: In dental practice there is a high risk of contact with fluids that may contain SARS-CoV-2. Salivary secretions in the form of droplets are the main route of infection. The present study aimed to evaluate factors associated with epidemiological, preventive and health care knowledge of dentists from the north of the Peruvian capital about COVI...