Science topic

Democracy - Science topic

A system of government in which there is free and equal participation by the people in the political decision-making process.
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Publications related to Democracy (10,000)
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Book
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In the coming decade, we may see the advent of multinational federalism on an international scale. As great powers and international organizations become increasingly uncomfortable with the creation of new states, multinational federalism is now an important avenue to explore, and in recent decades the experiences of Canada and Quebec have had a ke...
Article
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When projects are exclusionary, they are bound to fail because they are void of a collective sense of belonging and ownership. The government of Lesotho has been stridently pursuing renewable energy initiatives to augment the hamstrung monopoly provider and increasing user demand in energy provision. Based on content analysis, this study revealed t...
Article
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Many countries have proven that they could rise from the COVID-19 pandemic. Yet, each country has different results in overcoming this pandemic due to some factors, specifically their leaders' role in responding to this pandemic. In Indonesia, Jokowi, as the official president has played central role in responding to the pandemic through his leader...
Article
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La ignominia que padece y goza el mundo ante el capitalismo salvaje, el terror y alboroto del cambio de moralidades que nos suscita, las inestables, nulas y fracasadas políticas de estado, el incremento de pobreza, y un océano infinito de cóleras económico-sociales justifican la urgencia de pensar en la democracia, los derechos, la moralidad, etc....
Article
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The impact of the social media (SM) has been seen on the one hand as the cause of large exacerbation of negative messages, responsible for massively harmful societal phenomenon against democracies. On the other hand, recent studies have begun to look at how these online channels were able to provide a new impulse in human communication. The novelty...
Article
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Corruption has a significant impact on economic growth, democracy, and inequality. It has sever consequences at the human level. Public procurement, where public resources are used to purchase goods or services from the private sector, are particularly susceptible to corrupt practices. However, government turnover may bring significant changes in t...
Article
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The term ‘resilience’ has increasingly featured in foreign and security policy discourse, appearing in the 2016 European Union Global Strategy, the 2017 US National Security Strategy, and most recently in the UK’s 2021 Integrated Review. These strategies note the importance of preparing for, responding to, and recovering from crises that could affe...
Article
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The media are partners in a democracy because they ensure political participation in the democratic process. Audience perception of the media is vital as it affects credibility and believability of the media and their messages. Credibility and believability of the media are predicated to an extent upon the source of media messages. These issues pro...
Article
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In 2019, sociologist Manuel Castells categorically stated that liberal democracy has exhausted its historical trajectory and, quoting some verses by Octavio Paz, expressed: “Not what it could have been:/it is what it was./And what it was is dead.” In this paper, we will reflect on this diagnosis based on five interrelated questions. To what extent...
Cover Page
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This powerful resource is for researchers and educational leaders who are interested in understanding and applying research methods that emphasize youth voice. The authors argue that most educational research either omits critical understandings of youth or, even worse, presents inaccuracies due to faulty techniques. Researching how youth experienc...
Article
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The purpose of this article is to find out and describe Pancasila character education in the Era of Generation Z. Pancasila Character Education is expected to be able to form Generation Z who have the characteristics and character of good and intelligent citizens. This study uses data collection tools from articles on Google Scholar and google.com....
Article
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This paper measures social mobility rates in Hungary during the period 1949 to 2017, using surnames to measure social status. In those years, there were two very different social regimes. The first was the Hungarian People’s Republic (1949–1989), which was a communist regime with an avowed aim of favouring the working class. The second is the moder...
Article
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For much of the modern history of U.S.-Thai relations, the United States has tried to balance democracy and security, with the latter mostly taking precedence. During the Cold War, the United States sought to keep Thailand anticommunist by supporting various military governments. Democracy was an afterthought, though the United States purported to...
Article
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For an understanding of the concept of the Quadruple and Quintuple Helix Innovation Systems, it is essential to realize that the Quadruple and Quintuple Helices are based on democracy and ecology. This has two implications: (1) the further advancement and evolution of knowledge and innovation are requiring a co-evolution with democracy or knowledge...
Article
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Recent democratic regressions and crises suggest democracy is at risk across East and Southeast Asia. One of the factors that can determine democratic stability are citizens’ attitudes. While previous research has concentrated on support for democracy-in-principle, this contribution argues that it is political trust, i.e. support for democracy-in-p...
Article
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This paper highlights the contributions of the Arab sociologists and anthropologists who critically theorized the workings of authoritarian states in modern and contemporary Arab societies in the Middle East and the Maghreb. This is based on a critical reading of the foundational writings of two renowned social researchers, namely Khaldun Hassan Al...
Article
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This article examines Aristotle's theory of 'factional conflict' (stasis) in Book 5 of the Politics and claims that it is mainly directed against the a-historical account of constitutional change Plato develops in the Republic. Aristotle's investigation of the causes of stasis is oriented towards the normative political goal of stabilizing politica...
Preprint
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This work attempts to explore the relationship between Gender Inequality Index (GII) and World Democracy Index (WDI) in the context of 152 countries through descriptive and econometric analysis of the GII and WDI for the year 2019. To adequately address the issues, we extended our analysis to different income groups as Low-income economies (26 coun...
Article
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A crise promovida pela pandemia da Covid-19 deixou à mostra os problemas da democracia representativa e da falta de coordenação integrada dos entes federativos. Considerando a democracia participativa como evolução e complemento à democracia representativa, objetiva-se demonstrar a imprescindibilidade da participação popular para a delineação de po...
Article
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El siguiente artículo tiene como objetivo compartir las reflexiones acerca de la definición conceptual de los mecanismos de la democracia directa, así como también realiza una serie de aproximaciones historiográficas y teóricas sobre la evolución de las múltiples formas de la democracia directa en el mundo occidental. Se realiza una discusión desde...
Article
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This introduction summarizes the main themes of contributions to a special issue of Quaestiones Disputatae on Michael Polanyi's Social and Political Philosophy and the Future of Liberalism. I draw out a thread that gives readers a general understanding of Polanyi’s approach and comment on some issues brought up by contributing authors. For example,...
Preprint
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En los últimos años ha surgido un movimiento global que confía en el desarrollo de las Tecnologías de la Información y las Comunicaciones (TIC) para fortalecer la legitimidad democrática en la toma de decisiones políticas. Este movimiento propende por la colaboración abierta, mediante el uso de TIC, entre distintos sectores de la ciudadanía y los ó...
Article
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Research conducted in industrialized democracies where Christianity is the prevailing religion has suggested that religiosity may play an important role in identity development and well-being. This study examined the associations between religiosity, religious orientation, identity confusion, and psychological well-being in 488 Turkish university s...
Chapter
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The paper critically examines the tenets of liberal democracy and posits that this model has denied the majority the opportunity of participating in the democratisation process in Africa. Liberal democracy is, therefore, inadequate in Africa’s quest for development. This paper argues that the adoption of a democratic model of convenience which dise...
Article
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Universal basic income (UBI) has become the rallying cry for a growing international movement seeking redistribution and equality through direct cash payments by governments to all its citizens. Advocates have promoted UBI on multiple grounds: efficiency, equality, as an alternative to traditional anti-poverty aid programs in very poor countries, o...
Conference Paper
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The electoral success of nativist parties in several Western democracies in the last decade surprised many political operators and academics alike, in part due to an insufficient understanding of the confluence of triggers of anti-immigrant sentiments. The extent of knowledge has since improved with notable strides made at the intersection of multi...
Article
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The aim of this article is to analyse the dysfunctionalities of Polish democracy that has seen the stability of the power-opposition system disturbed; and society left suffering under the totality of political polarisation. Considering the fact that within a polarised society only one solution can be the leading one, the society and the state, both...
Article
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Le capitalisme et la démocratie suivent des logiques différentes : droits de propriété inégalement répartis d'un côté, droits civiques et politiques égaux d'autre part ; commerce axé sur le profit au sein du capitalisme par opposition à la recherche du bien commun au sein de la démocratie ; le débat, le compromis et la prise de décision à la majori...
Chapter
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For many decades, the youth are often described as “the leaders of tomorrow”. However, the practice over the years in Nigeria’s political space proves otherwise, hence many Nigerian youths are asking ‘When will the tomorrow that the elders promised us come?’ The inability to provide answers to this question resulted in the Not-Too-Young-To-Run move...
Preprint
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The political context of public administration in the U.S. may change considerably in the near future, away from liberal democracy and toward an intensification of the authoritarian populism familiar from the Trump era. The people and practices of public administration experience the effects of the societal context in their daily work and the cours...
Article
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An evaluation of the consequences of the Supreme Court's ruling in "Reference 1 of 2022", reinterpreting Article 63A of the Constitution of Pakistan, in light of July's contested election for the Chief Ministership of the Punjab. The decision's main legal innovation - the nullification of votes cast against party directions in confidence votes - de...
Preprint
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The rise in democracy, coupled with the developmental agenda of international organizations like the United Nations, has increased the participation of formerly marginalized groups in decision-making. In the United States, recognition of most of these groups came through various struggles and movements. Among these groups are the women's movement,...
Article
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"Seminário: Ecologia e Democracia - Múltiplos olhares".
Article
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The attempts of government in eradicating poverty are always based on a government's view of what rural dwellers need. Without the rural dwellers themselves assessing their level of poverty, ascertaining their coping strategies and their needs for poverty alleviation; the desired goal of a government in reducing poverty cannot be achieved. This pap...
Article
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Much research has shown that online news engenders greater political participation, but less attention has been paid to how the relationship can be suppressed by government online surveillance and censorship, especially as Internet freedoms continue to decline in many parts of the world. Drawing from 2017–20 World Value Survey and Varieties of Demo...
Article
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We discuss in the paper how the nature of collective goods requires that "politics" (authorities of power) and "morals" (social responsibility) are necessary complements of failing markets in order to make these markets perform. Considering the current state of economics and its teaching, our research led us to three conclusions: i) The orthodox ec...
Thesis
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This research work presents Jesus Christ, the crucified God in Moltmann’s term, as a foundation for social justice in Nigeria today. This work studied the principal aspects of the Christology of Jürgen Moltmann in The Crucified God and applied it in order to advocate for social justice in the present Nigerian reality. Nigeria, the case study of thi...
Article
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Este artículo ofrece una introducción a las rutas de formación del Estado Latinoamericano, visitadas a partir de la teoría de la dependencia y la teoría de lo nacional-popular.Sigue la idea de que la modernidad no supuso un proceso único ni homogéneo para las distintas sociedades, sino una diversidad de caminos que fueron labrándose deacuerdo con e...
Article
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Desde el período de la postrevolución de 1920, la evolución de la democracia en México atravesó por múltiples etapas en su edificación, hasta llegar actualmente a la fase moderna en la que se encuentra la sociedad mexicana en la tercera década el siglo veintiuno. La última fase de dicho progreso histórico se cristalizó a través de la aprobación con...
Article
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The Staff and Workers' Congress is the archetype of Chinese employee representation system. As a type of grassroots democracy with Chinese characteristics in State-owned Enterprises and companies, the Staff and Workers' Congress system has developed its features over the long course of its existence. On the one hand, the legal framework of Staff an...
Article
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The article suggests that performing arts are at the foundation of building a logical, sane and scientific society in a country. The most progressive nations of the world bring highest respect and monetary dividends to their stars in music and film industry and these countries are also the hubs of technological and scientific innovation with values...
Article
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La construcción del Estado plurinacional involucra diferentes elementos. A nivel político, ha sido parte fundamental el reconocimiento de la democracia comunitaria en relación horizontal y equitativa con la democracia representativa y directa (Mayorga 2017: 14). La Constitución plurinacional e intercultural de 2008 legitimó, al mismo nivel que la d...
Article
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The Organization of American States (hereinafter OAS) is the only setting for dialogue and political meetings of all the countries of the Hemisphere, and in recent years democracy has become a priority objective and value. Therefore, the aim of this article is to analyze the role that the OAS has had and may have in Latin American democracies, thro...
Chapter
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Chile’s trade policy has been very active for the last 25 years, including imple�menting an open-economy strategy that adequately complemented unilateral instruments and conducting multilateral and bilateral trade negotiations, with the latter being fundamental to inserting the country into international markets and promoting growth and economic de...
Article
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The emergent literature on citizen forecasting suggests that the public, in the aggregate, can often accurately predict the outcomes of elections. However, it is not clear how citizens form judgments about election results or what factors influence individual predictions. Drawing on an original survey experiment conducted during the campaign for th...
Article
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The power-sharing literature lacks a review that synthesizes its findings, despite spanning over 50 years since Arend Lijphart published his seminal 1969 article ‘Consociational Democracy’. This review article contributes to the literature by introducing and analysing an original dataset, the Power Sharing Articles Dataset, which extracts data on 2...
Article
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The aim of this research is to reveal the behavior patterns of leaders at Al-Quds University and their relationship to gender in light of the theory leadership of love. To achieve this goal, the Fiedler scale was used to determine the extent to which the two genders practice the bureaucratic and democratic leadership styles, and an interview consis...
Article
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For decades, amalgamation has remained at the top of the international reform agenda. Seeking to enhance local governments’ economic efficiency and democracy, municipal mergers were encouraged in numerous countries. However, the results of such reforms remain controversial. The paper aims to extend the understanding of reasons for municipalities’ d...
Conference Paper
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The participation of workers in management and, moreover, a regulation form without managers, completely managed by workers, with equally distributed profits, is undoubtedly a democratic form of management, which is the dream of every generation of workers. Especially when the capitalist market is gaining strength, there is an idea that such a pra...
Article
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Mainly since 2010, to prevent the erosion of Turkish democracy, six opposition parties allied and started joint work. This alliance has importance for the history of democracy in Turkey. In their second meeting, the leaders of the "Nation Alliance" parties, which published a consensus text in their first meeting, published the features they would l...
Article
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Nowadays, really huge volumes of fake news are continuously posted by malicious users with fraudulent goals thus leading to very negative social effects on individuals and society and causing continuous threats to democracy, justice, and public trust. This is particularly relevant in social media platforms (e.g., Facebook, Twitter, Snapchat), due t...
Article
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This paper bridges two important topics in contemporary energy social science: technological transitions to more sustainable infrastructures and energy democracy. I present a conceptual framework that discusses the smart meter as a key enabling element of both. The goal is to elucidate the importance that users assign to democracy and technical fea...
Article
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An emerging body of evidence suggests a causal relationship between wellbeing and incumbent voting. However, the evidence is primarily founded upon established democracies with regular turnovers of power. Moreover, the mechanism underlying this relationship is still relatively unknown. Using the intricacies of the Malaysian political context and Ma...
Article
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Entrepreneurship and democracy are often considered complementary, but recent evidence points to a paradox that entrepreneurial activities have increased in undemocratic contexts. Exploring economic and political freedoms, this paper investigates the development of entrepreneurship in Vietnam, an economy characterised by low economic and very low p...
Preprint
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The left turn in Latin American countries in the 2000s and 2010s demonstrated the political right’s historical difficulties building competitive and enduring party alternatives in democracies with high levels of socioeconomic inequality. This chapter provides an explanation for the varying degrees of success for right-wing strategies of adaptation...
Article
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The link between democracy and within-country income inequality remains an unresolved quest in the literature of political economy. To look into this debate, I propose exploring the implications of electoral systems, rather than political regimes, on income inequality. I surmise that proportional representation systems should be associated with low...
Article
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Voluntary certification that signals nonprofit organizations’ legitimacy has been found to be positively related to charitable donations in Europe and North America. However, whether these proxies of organizational legitimacy matter under authoritarian regimes where political connections are deemed critical for resource acquisition has not been exp...
Article
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The presented research showed, that the US has the best experience in an evaluating and protecting competition, but there is one essential imperfection in the understanding of perfect competition since the time of the classics of economic theory. This is important to have many competitors, but not very or infinitely many, as traditional "classic" s...
Article
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Indien und Pakistan gingen 1947 aus der Einheit Britisch-Indien hervor. Trotz dieses gemeinsamen Erbes und sozioökonomischer und kultureller Parallelen entwickelte sich in Indien eine Demokratie, in Pakistan nicht. Welche Gründe sind dafür ausschlaggebend?
Chapter
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This offers us the possibility, as it seems to us, to compare Jaspers' incommensurable analysis of the post-National Socialist transformation of Germany with the post-communist transition of the Eastern Europe, and indeed from a temporal distance point of view, which relatively matches that Jasper's analysis dated 1945. The diverse knowledges of th...
Preprint
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An analysis of the impact of neoliberalism on freedom and its effect on future social change.
Preprint
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Economics is much more than mathematics, laws, statistics, models, it is a study into the fundamental issue of relationship of humans and economic agents of all sorts) being trust. We have developed artificial ways to institutionalize trust, like with money, contracts, democracy, but it an evolutionary need. Seeing economics as the study of trust w...
Article
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This article explores the main features of Ethiopia's ‘developmental state’ and takes a critical look at how the model is applied in practice, capturing parallels and contradictions through comparative evidence with that of the East Asia model. Accordingly, it notes that the East Asian model has a strong ideological influence on the Ethiopian Peopl...
Article
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The spread of political disinformation remains a problem for democracy. In a digital universe surrendered to the dominance of social media, motivated political reasoning can be an ally of disinformation in general. Our exploratory study is a first approach, in Portugal, to the analysis of receptivity to bullshit. The main objective is to verify how...
Article
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Los comicios de abril de 2022 en Hungría suponen una continuidad en las políticas reaccionarias de FIDESZ y Viktor Orbán en una dinámica de «giro autoritario» en Europa, destacando las políticas xenófobas y de exclusión. La frontera y sus límites son cuestiones que se postulan fundamentales para entender Europa y, por ende, la gestión de la inmigra...
Article
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Since its inception, India, the largest democracy in the world with a multi-cultural and multi-ethnic population of 1.3 billion has projected a secular face, protected by its constitution. However, soon after the 2014 elections, with the BJP's rise to power the situation changed rapidly. Presently, under Prime Minister Modi's leadership, Hindutva i...
Article
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A wide range of actors are seeking to democratize energy systems. In the collaborative governance process of energy system transitions to net zero, however, many energy democracy concepts are watered down or abandoned entirely. Using five renewable energy case studies, we first explore the diversity of energy democratizing system challengers and bo...
Article
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La interrupción como elemento de transformación ha tenido distintos efectos a lo largo del tiempo. En la actualidad la interrupción de mayo del 68 no es solamente la más cercana en el tiempo, sino que es aquella que mejor revela sus efectos en el presente actual. La individualización que representó continúa siendo el elemento configurador del motor...
Chapter
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Tax-raising departments and agencies fulfil a unique role in any national or federal government by generating the inflow of financial resources upon which the work of every other department and policy sector depends (Osborne, 2002). So, maximizing the efficiency and effectiveness of tax-raising agencies has been a high priority for all liberal demo...
Article
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Resumen La psicología comunitaria es un conjunto de valores, metas y compromisos. Esos compromisos incluyen el bienestar, el fortalecimiento y el desarrollo humano. Partiendo de esos valores y compromisos, en este trabajo se promueve una reflexión sobre los sistemas democráticos y se discuten los modelos de democracia representativa y participativa...
Book
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Beteiligung an politischen Entscheidungen war in der Antike in Athen Privileg und Pflicht. Spricht man Bürgerinnen und Bürger angemessen und nicht als schonbedürftige Kinder oder nutzenmaximierende Konsumenten an, werden aus Privileg und Pflicht Verantwortung. Diese andere Bürgerlichkeit mag eine Zumutung sein. Sie macht vor allem: Mut auf mehr und...
Article
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RESUMO Desde a declaração de Pequim, ocorrida em 1995, diversas políticas públicas têm sido adotadas com o intuito de incentivar e alavancar a representatividade feminina no cenário político brasileiro. Não obstante tais ações, não se alcançou o resultado desejado. Isto faz surgir a questão central deste trabalho: As mulheres têm as mesmas condiçõe...
Research
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News Media Literacy, Democracy, Policy Interventions, Informed Citizens, Digital Age.
Presentation
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Myanmar Military’s Long History of Executing its Enemies will Face Justice for Activist Hangings Myanmar Civilian Govt Vows Junta Will Face Justice for Activist Hangings https://www.irrawaddy.com/news/burma/myanmar-civilian-govt-vows-junta-will-face-justice-for-activist-hangings.html World Condemns Junta’s Executions of Myanmar Democracy Activists...
Article
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Avrupa Birliği (AB), 1990'lardan beri demokrasi teşviki gündemine sahip bir uluslararası aktör olarak evrilmiştir. AB; demokrasi teşvikini genişleme ve komşuluk politikaları başta olmak üzere, üçüncü ülkelere Birlik normlarının, değerlerinin, kurallarının ve standartlarının aktarılması çerçevesinde ele almaktadır. Çalışmada Türkçe literatürde konuy...
Article
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This review essay critically discusses Robert Talisse’s account of democracy and polarization. I argue that Talisse overstates the degree to which polarization arises from the good-faith practice of democratic citizenship and downplays the extent to which polarization is caused by elites and exacerbated by social structures; this leads Talisse to o...
Conference Paper
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Public transparency enables the exercise of democracy by the active participation of citizens in the public management. Even though promoting transparency is an essential conduct in a democratic context, its practice is still incipient. In this context, process mining emerges as an agent to promote public transparency as the data related to public...
Article
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This article sought to describe the contribution of project citizens in civic education as an incubator for democratic education. Therefore, previous studies have only mentioned civic education as learning democracy but have not stated how much it contributes. Data collection was carried out using a quantitative approach through a survey method. Th...
Book
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What makes a democracy? This book intends to challenge, (i) the limited way we have understood democracy; (ii) the ways in which we have studied citizens’ actions as peripheral to democracy whilst they are the incubators of democratic processes and (iii), the assumptions about what it takes to create such networks.
Article
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In fact, element of progress and development of communities is considered the key emancipation of nations from domination and dependence, As well as the development of foundations of society is a tool for strengthening of constant peace and stability, which nations are always in need of it. The nations in one hand, do not develop until they can sta...
Article
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Since the Brexit Referendum in the United Kingdom and the election of Donald Trump as US President in 2016, the term ‘fake news’ has become a significant source of concern. Recently, the EU Commission and the UK Parliament have condemned the phenomenon as a threat to their democratic processes and values. However, political disinformation is nothin...
Article
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Zusammenfassung Mobile Beratung gegen Rechtsextremismus ist ein seit fast 30 Jahren etabliertes Konzept in der Arbeit gegen rechts und für Demokratie. Der Text beschreibt Geschichte, Arbeitsweise und Fallbeispiele aus der Praxis des Mobilen Beratungsteams gegen Rassismus und Rechtsextremismus in Hessen vor allem in Hinblick auf Fälle aus einigen „k...
Thesis
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The present study investigates the concept of ideology in relation to different national issues including democracy, terrorism and encounter-terrorism and many other issues in selected Iraqi political speeches. This is done through the employment of Van Dijk’s Socio-Cognitive framework (2004). Twenty-five ideological discursive devices are used t...
Article
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Reseña del libro: LINDE PANIAGUA, Enrique, La transición inacabada. Hacia una democracia avanzada. Madrid, Edisofer, 2021, 624 pp.
Preprint
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Economics is much more than mathematics, laws, statistics, models, it is a study into the fundamental issue of relationship of humans and economic agents of all sorts) being trust. We have developed artificial ways to institutionalize trust, like with money, contracts, democracy, but it an evolutionary need. Seeing economics as the study of trust w...
Chapter
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Illegal migrations have especially after 2015 been recognized as one of the top priority problems to be solved in the EU. Scattered policies and dissonance among the EU states have mostly been followed by repressive ex-post policies being, however, massively attacked by liberal democracy. Starting from the Arrow-Debreu theory of markets they analyz...