Questions related to Defense
I'm looking to find the right research topic on additive manufacturing (3D printing or 4D printing) for biomedical, defense, and robotics applications.
Can anyone suggest any research topics I can work on?
If you have any reference papers or Ph.D. thesis would be appreciated.
Dear Scientist, Researchers and Doctors,
I would like to share my form to collect some data from various researchers, scientists, and doctors to receive answers to all my questions. Those questions were required to be answered professionally to proceed with my thesis at the university.
Please Find below form Link
Appreciate your help
Proactive Defense Machine Learning In Cybersecurity
Required 50+ answers.
Appreciate your kindness
Non-insane automatism is a legal defense used in some jurisdictions to argue that a person's actions were committed involuntarily due to a state of automatism, which is a condition where a person performs actions without conscious control or awareness. Unlike the defense of "insane automatism," which involves actions resulting from a mental disorder, the defense of non-insane automatism involves actions resulting from external factors that temporarily impair the person's consciousness or control over their actions.
The concept of non-insane automatism caused by electromagnetic fields (EMF) is a topic that has been debated and researched in various contexts, including legal, medical, and scientific realms. Some individuals claim that exposure to electromagnetic fields can lead to involuntary actions or states of automatism, but it's important to understand that the mainstream scientific consensus does not support a direct causal link between EMF exposure and non-insane automatism.
Electromagnetic fields are generated by the movement of charged particles and are present in various forms in our environment, including from power lines, electronic devices, and wireless technologies. While EMF exposure is a legitimate area of concern and research due to potential health effects, the idea that EMF exposure can directly cause a person to engage in involuntary actions or lose control over their behavior is not well-substantiated by scientific evidence.
Here are some important points to consider:
- Scientific Consensus: The mainstream scientific consensus does not support the notion that exposure to typical levels of electromagnetic fields can lead to non-insane automatism or involuntary behavior.
- Health Effects: EMF exposure has been studied primarily in relation to potential health effects, such as the risk of certain illnesses or conditions. Research on EMF and its effects on human health is ongoing, but the evidence for causing involuntary actions is limited.
- Individual Differences: Responses to EMF can vary among individuals, but the idea that EMF exposure universally causes non-insane automatism is not supported by the available research.
- Legal Considerations: In legal cases involving claims of non-insane automatism due to EMF, the courts typically rely on established scientific evidence and expert testimony to determine the validity of such claims.
- Causation and Evidence: For any claim that EMF exposure caused non-insane automatism, there would need to be robust scientific evidence demonstrating a direct cause-and-effect relationship between the two. Establishing causation in legal cases involves rigorous scientific analysis and evaluation.
If you have concerns about EMF exposure, it's important to seek information from reputable scientific sources, government health agencies, and expert organizations. If you believe that EMF exposure has caused you or someone else to engage in involuntary actions, it's advisable to consult with medical and legal professionals who can provide accurate guidance based on the available evidence and expertise.
The nanofertlizers were applied and rationale of augmented vigor is needed.
"America can no longer selectively give away pensions to humans."
"America can no longer selectively give away pensions to people."
Notice the semantic difference?
The first instance is arguably a good thing to agree with, since discriminating against any human when the end of life comes is a subject of huge social significance.
The second instance is arguably a bad thing to say, since certain people have been selectively developed by a nation to protect a common defense.
The bias is obvious in both cases.
The first instance indicates hope for the future where opposition brings light.
The second indicates a war mode where "a common defense" is subject to reality.
This indicates to me the importance of evolution, where what is best continuously drives a genetic determination needed for emotional security. In this case concerning the basis of English, the intent belongs to both the speaker and listener(s), so reasoning depends on logic. The answer is Yes, and No.
Programmatically speaking, the question needs an international reference to achieve true sustainability, ...else we as a species are putting our eggs in the wrong basket.
(616 + 656)
After the CFA, my three factors had 3, 3, and 8 items, respectively. It resulted to a good model fit with an acceptable Goodness of Fit Index. One of the comments I received from the panel members during my defense was I needed to justify the imbalanced numbers of items per factor. What do I say? Any reference, please? Thank you very much.
On March 21, 2022 the EU endorsed the "Strategic Compass" a strategic document that provided a specific timeline for establishing a Rapid Deployment Capacity (RDC) of approximately 5.000 troops by 2025. On June 29, 2022 NATO also adopted its new Strategic Concept that encouraged the EU's autonomy. The same concept was promoted by the National Security Strategy of the US that was issued on October 12, 2022. Do you think that this actions will lead to the establishment of a EU Army? What parameters do you think that should be taken into consideration?
As is well known, social welfare state institutions started to develop in the 20th century. The state was making defense expenditures before it started making social expenditures. Defense expenditures had similar effects on employment and economic growth. Therefore I would like to ask that did Keynesianism develop through welfare state institutions or can defence spendings also be considered an element of Keynesianism?
I'm going to use the process tracing method to explain the mechanisms of defense provision in Ukraine from 1991 to 2013. The independent variables are Winning coalition size and State capacity.
Could do you recoomend the literature which help to understand how to develop expected evidence satisfying the conditions of Steven van Ever's system of tests?
The question is whether clinical trials have been conducted on the use of vitamin B17, also known as amygdalin or laetrile, in metabolic therapy for breast cancer to kill tumor cells. Vitamin B17 is a natural substance found in many plants, particularly in the seeds of the rosaceous fruits such as apricot kernels and other bitter nuts. It has been promoted by some as a potential cancer treatment, with claims that it can kill cancer cells while leaving healthy cells unharmed. Breast cancer is one of the most common types of cancer, affecting millions of people around the world. Treatment options for breast cancer include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and hormone therapy. These treatments can be effective in killing cancer cells, but they also come with a range of side effects and are not always successful in completely eliminating the cancer. Metabolic therapy is an alternative approach to cancer treatment that involves using diet and nutrition to boost the body's natural defenses against cancer. Proponents of metabolic therapy claim that it can help to improve the body's immune system and make it better able to fight cancer cells. Vitamin B17 is often used in metabolic therapy as a way to supplement the body's natural defenses and help to kill cancer cells.
What are the potential benefits and drawbacks of using AI-powered attorneys for accused defendants? How can AI technology be utilized to ensure fair and just trials for defendants? How will the implementation of AI technology in legal defense affect the roles and responsibilities of human attorneys?
As many defense companies operate privately, would like to learn what different views are there regarding the organizational setup of the defense sector within an economy - starting point ordoliberalism.
-Can innovation in the defense sector be better achieved in a nationalized/ supranationalized context?
-What is more efficient? Private more transparent market order or public control?
-Which setup promotes the peace equilibrium better?
Why, in the absence of a defense on the part of the accused, is an indictment filed against them accepted as true (and then they are convicted)? It is necessary to distinguish between two possible cases:
1. Accusing the accused of having committed some act that constitutes a crime (and then the question being discussed is whether the accused did or did not commit the crime) and the accused did not defend themselves (and then, in the absence of a defense, it turns out that the accused did not deny what was attributed to them and therefore should indeed be found guilty).
2. Accusing the accused of having committed some act for which there is still no certainty as to whether it constitutes an offense or not (and then the question being discussed is whether the act they committed constitutes or does not constitute an offence) and the accused did not defend themselves (and then, in the absence of a defense, it turns out that the accused did not deny what was attributed to them; however, it is irrelevant because what determines whether they are guilty is not whether they committed or did not commit the act, but whether the act they committed constitutes or does not constitute a crime).
- It is planned that the security concerns of the Eastern European countries will increase and therefore their military expenditures will increase. I want to understand whether this increase affects the budget allocated to Romania's environmental policies.
- I would like to investigate the impact of the Ukraine-Russia war on the Romanian environmental policy by examining the change in the environmental policy budget of Romania (due to the increase in defense expenditures) of the Ukraine crisis and the occupation of Crimea in 2014.
As we all know the complement is essential for innate/adaptive immune defense and also homeostasis and is upregulated during inflammation whether via classical (C4bC2a) or alternative (C3bBb) pathways. I was wondering if after inflammation (resolution) we have anti-inflammatory cytokines to counteract proinflammatory cytokines and efferocytosis ect to downplay inflammation, but what regulates or tones down complement-mediated inflammation?
Basically 1) Is there a time course on the levels of complement proteins (full length and cleaved) and 2) how are the levels regulated? (via liver or regional transcription/translation levels or degradation or inhibition?)
thank you in advance for any input and enlightenment as well as for pointing me to any references.
Hello friends I hope you all are doing well,
Dear Seniors, I am a PhD aspirant in Civil Wars Studies and new to this area.
I request experienced scholars in the field to please suggest me some good books/articles readings for understanding the basics in the area.
Any suggestion about good articles/books on the Research Methods in Civil Wars studies would also be welcomed.
Project defense is one of the requirements and the only way to graduate in Nigerian Universities. It is a way to at least defend what you have written (or copied and paste) in a convincing manner. The truth is that it is better to be more confident with a poor content, than to be unable to defend an excellent research work.
The following tips will help on what to do before the defense day, on the defense day, and inside the defense room:
Tips before your Defense Day
- You must ensure that you have a wonderful and romantic relationship with your project topic and the whole content.
- Do concise and adequate research on your topic
- Make sure you are well motivated for the study or research
- Know your strength as well as your weaknesses
On the Defense Day
- Rehearse your Project work with your friends
- Develop good self esteem and confidence.
In the Defense Room
- Knock door first before you enter
- Greet the panel members with lots of smile
- Wait for your first question
- Answer with great confidence.
NOTE: While answering your questions look straight into the eyes of panel members, and never be rude.
From 40 to 64 years of age, about 92,000 people have died or at least their deaths are attributed to Covid in the United States alone. https://www.statista.com/statistics/1191568/reported-deaths-from-covid-by-age-us/ If the new variants are as reported this disease is evolving to a more lethal version that kills younger patients https://www.cnbc.com/2021/03/11/covid-variant-in-the-uk-appears-to-be-64percent-more-deadly-than-other-strains-study-finds.html This begs serious questions did our defensive measures hand washing, masks, and quarantines encourage this trend to appear. Certainly, the modern practice of clustering or warehousing elderly members of society allowed the virus to specialize in rapid reproduction very similar to what happened to Spanish influenza in the trenches of WW1. Reports of unmitigated stress, binge eating, monthly weight gain lend credence that confinement might have been counterproductive. Indeed, some might argue that had we done no quarantining we would have gained herd immunity by now. Instead, are we giving Covid the time to evolve each time it breaks into a protected sector of the population? Please feel free to debate this question in the replies.
What kind of questions will be asked by the committee or panel at the time of the research proposal defense??? Humble request to all of the scholars on this platform.
Dear doctors and professors !!!
I am defending my PhD dissertation !!! According to the defense process, I have to get 10 reviews from foreign doctors and professors !!! I would be grateful if you could give me your review in this process! Dear doctors and professors, whoever wants to help, please send me your @mail!
Respectfully, Turdiyev Bexruz
also how do we not be defensive while writing an autoethnography? please do share your thoughts or any papers which can guide me. thanks,MD
I am researching engineering geology knowledge in military, defense and peace issues. I need help with this to get more information. I want tips on reading resources that will help me. I also want you to help me with the important points that I need to pay attention to in order to write better and learn more accurately.
The European Union is where the world's most peaceful democracies live today. In addition, the member states of the Union are living a future that will bring prosperity through their common values. However, member states take their own military security in the context of external borders. How do you think this situation affects the Union's acting in integrity? The USA has many military bases in the most peaceful lands of the world. Especially the bases in Germany are noteworthy. Recently, the military presence of the USA, which has been concentrated especially in Greece, is at the forefront. It should also be noted the military deployment of the USA on the border of the former Soviet Union. How would you evaluate the US presence on the eastern border of the European Union? Is the European Union incapable of taking defense measures in integrity? Are member states showing weaknesses in their own defense measures? Should the deployment of the US be seen here only against Russia and in good faith? What path should the European Union follow in foreign policy formulation and defense in the future?
Countries launch satellites for several valid reasons, but now scenario is that many (in thousands) of these are longer working. Thus acting as space debris, these satellites and their non-working parts can collide with existing functional satellites and create more and more debries. Are we doing the same with space what we have done to our Earth or are some countries are taking some action. Please discuss.
Research I am readiness to fire police officers at the perpetrator (at a shooting target) on various kinds of stimuli. I evaluated the reactions in seconds and hundredths of a second.
STANAG 1171 (NATO Military Oceanographic and Rapid Environmental Assessment Support Procedures)
STANAG 2103 (Reporting Nuclear Detonations, Biological and Chemical Attacks, and Predicting and Warning of Associated Hazards and Hazard Areas (Operator’s Manual) – ATP-45(C))
STANAG 2507 (Allied Joint Doctrine for Meteorological and Oceanographic Support to Joint Forces)
STANAG 4044 (Adoption of a Standard Atmosphere)
STANAG 4061 (Adoption of a Standard Ballistic Meteorological Message)
STANAG 4082 (Adoption of a Standard Artillery Computer Meteorological Message)
STANAG 4103 (Format of Requests for Meteorological Messages for Ballistic and Special Purposes)
STANAG 4131 (Adoption of a Standard Character-by-Character Meteorological Message Format)
STANAG 4140 (Adoption of a Standard Target Acquisition Meteorological Message)
STANAG 6006 (NATO Maritime Meteorological Procedures and Services - AWP-1(C))
STANAG 6013 (NATO Meteorological Support Manual)
STANAG 6014 (NATO Meteorological and Oceanographic (METOC) Communications Manual)
STANAG 6015 (NATO Meteorological Codes Manual - AWP-4(B))
STANAG 6022 (Adoption of a Standard Gridded Data Meteorological Message)
AAP-06 (NATO Glossary of Terms and Definitions (English and French))
AAP-15 (NATO Glossary of Abbreviations Used in NATO Documents and Publications)
AD 80-34 (Meteorological and Oceanographic (METOC) Services for Allied Command Operations)
AECTP-300 (Climatic Environmental Tests)
AJP-3.11 (Allied Joint Doctrine for Meteorological and Oceanographic Support to Joint Forces)
AMETOCP-2 (NATO Meteorological Support Manual)
AMETOCP-3 ED.A ((NATO Meteorological and Oceanographic (METOC) Communications Manual)
ATP-32 (NATO Military Oceanographic and Rapid Environmental Assessment Support Procedures)
ATP-45 (Warning and Reporting and Hazard Prediction of Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Incidents (Operators Manual))
AWP-4(B) (Meteorological Codes Manual)
MC 0594/1 (Military Committee Policy on Meteorological and Oceanographic (METOC) Support to Allied Forces)
Systemic acquired resistance (SAR) and induced systemic resistance (ISR) are two forms of induced resistance wherein plant defenses are preconditioned by prior infection or treatment that results in resistance against subsequent challenge by a pathogen or parasite .
Can under such conditions, induce resistance may serve as a source to divert plant photosynthates to defense pathways?
The undisputed western leadership power, the U.S., has weaken. In order to reduce large trade deficits, gigantic customs measures are taken, sanctions are imposed, as in North stream 2, and threatens to withdraw defense forces, as in the case of Germany. President Trump seems to know only such draconian measures as a political means. When troops move from Germany to Belgium, you have to know, that Belgium pays even less for defense from GDP than Germany. If sanctions against the completion of North stream 2, where about 150 km are still missing, you have to know that Germany is ready to negotiate and would also buy expensive American liquefied petroleum gas and has built for that terminals. And in case of threat of drastic tariffs against the EU, you have to know that the EU is the U.S. has offered a free trade agreement. President Trump on the wrong track? Does it significantly weaken the position of the western world?
In response to viral infection via respiratory system a mucus defense associated with the primary inflammatory response 1 to 3 days after infection, to be followed by immune reactivity some two weeks later.So, is the primary response the most serious problem in this CORO19 infection, producing mucous plugging or is the ground glass matter indicative o0f direct pathology>
I'm searching for data or database for plant-herbivore interaction. The data should consist of one plant-herbivore-system where the plant expresses at least three morphological/physical inducible defenses against its herbivore (such as trichomes, latex, etc.). Additionally, the dataset should comprise herbivore success data, such as feeding success or amount of damage done. At best, the plant defenses should have been tested in a gradual manner, showing that increasing defense expression result in decreasing feeding success.
I'm interested in that, as I would like to test a framework for calculating a comprehensive defense value in predator-prey-systems. I usually work with waterfleas, but would like to test the framework with other (very different) organisms as well.
I would appreciate if you could point me to an accessible database or provide such a dataset for testing my framework.
Thanks in advance for any help.
I was wondering if our immunological system possessed any kind of immunological defense to prevent lung cancer and how it deferred (if any) from any other kind of immunological reaction.
My research is about the exploration of our cultural perspective of academic dishonesty
I have started to analyze the data with thematic analysis by Clarke n braun but it seems quit unstructured for a dissertation defense
Please guide me some other options or should i stick with it???
The security environment in the region is uncertain and evolving. Though the bilateral and trilateral defense interactions are increasing, might this lead to the emergence of a new regional security alignment of regional powers? Is a regional security commitment important or is it dangerous?
Trying to find another Use to the Concrete Barriers, After gathering them from the streets of Baghdad.
I found a chapter on shodhganga while looking for Indian perspectives on National Security. I have found it very resourceful and would like to cite it in my write-up. However, the PDF or website has no information on the author or the book of this chapter.I am pasting the link here. I tried emailing shodhganga but did not receive a response. If anyone could help me in this regard, I'd so very grateful.
It has been 6 months now that my paper is with a journal and the state has been "with editor for review" all along this time. I have already sent three Emails. In the first one (Which I sent in the second month after submission) I asked why is taking so long? They replied quickly (about 1 day) and said they're searching for reviewers suitable for reviewing the paper.
In the fourth month I sent an Email requesting withdrawal. They did not respond. In the fifth month I sent another Email requesting withdrawal of the paper. They haven't responded to that either.
Now that I have tried twice and they are not responding, and thus I have lost a lot of time (which is crucial to my situation given that I need my paper's acceptance for my PhD defense), is it ethical that I submit the paper to another journal?
I am doing meta analysis on defense enzyme activity (using data continious) I used fold changes as a unit for mean . but the results are not significance different. the only way is that I increase the scale , so i can have a difference . but I do not know if it is scientifically corrected or not?
Hi Dear network I am a student in Master 2 mechanical engineering option works boiler and piping next July is my defense. I am looking for an internship or training in a company or school to improve my level. I am very motivated and interested to learn before entering the professional world.
Waiting for your answer, My greetings
Have a good day
Many researchers have used Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) to analyse urban sprawl and I wonder if Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) can do the same job.Your prompt reply will be highly appreciated.
Platelets not only play an important role in hemostasis, but
there is increasing evidence of their participation in the
induction of inflammation and defense against infection.
Platelets contain stores of cytokines and mediators within their a- and dense-granules that are released upon stimulation and contribute to the various stages of inflammation and immune progression
I defend my dissertation March 14th. I would like to submit my abstract for a boom talk, but have concerns doing that prior to passing my defense. Also - I did a boom talk at last years' conference. Would it be better for me to do a different type of session? Thanks. Marta Davidovich Ockuly
actually that question i always have to face during my defense but could not answer properly. my thesis topic is " SW effort estimation using machine learning techniques on use case points". i would use data-set of "Analysis and selection of a regression model for the Use Case Points method using a stepwise approach". on which features I have to apply machine learning?
I am looking for a criminal trial video stimulus, mock or actual, that has been recorded in the last ten years. Preferably, the trial would contain multiple pieces of evidence for both prosecution and defense and last approximately 20-30 minutes. Thank you!
Looking for researchers with good knowledge of North America Homeland Security and Defense both theory and practice for a Grad Research Paper
Willing to read your work and mayve quote your writing with appropriate link back to your information
Also want more about coastal marine living resources and continiental oil drilling as part of the 200 miles limit or less EEZ
A few days ago I found this weird thing on my Caligo memnon L4 caterpillars. When I touch them they lift their head up and project a small "inflatable" horn-like organ. It is similar to an osmeterium in papilionid caterpillars, but there is no smell. I also found the small slit on my L3 caterpillars, but there isn't any horn-like organ. Could anyone explain what this is?
Launched in 1999, the Dow Jones Sustainability Index represents the gold standard for corporate sustainability and is the first global index to track the leading sustainability-driven companies based on RobecoSAM's analysis of Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) factors. How should we, similarly, rate the defence organizations (MoDs/DoDs) from the perspective of (their) sustainability?
The process of phenomenographic research has seldom been discussed and warrants greater exploration, as “the process by which the research is conducted is of key importance in terms of determining whether the outcomes are ontologically defensible and epistemologically valid” (Ashworth and Lucas 2000, p. 296).
How student interviews can be channelized and evaluated to discern the phenomenographic aspect of their learning experiences?
In a paper that I did in grad school (circa 1986-87), I tested a hypothesis that the religious right would be more likely to expect war (apocalyptic thinking) than non-religious people. Playing with the data, which I my faint memory suggests was NORC survey data, I found that people who had experienced trauma, in the last year, and earlier, were much more likely to expect war. I never got my paper back from Glenn Firebaugh, so I can't remember the details about the data sources, but the association was rather strong with the experience of trauma. This might also be a factor in the defense spending feelings.
Hello to colleagues
I am Interested in studying interaction of plant and Xanthomonas spp., especially xanthan detection by wheat defense system. Which Xanthan polysaccharide features has the greatest effect on the detection by the plant defense system?
I am searching for a ebook: The Politics of Policy Making in Defense and Foreign Affairs: Conceptual Models and Bureaucratic Politics written by R. Hilsman.
I got this comment from a respected reviewer for one of my paper submitted for publication since I used Baron and Kenny's approach for mediation test.
I just need to defense and justify the Baron and Kenny's approach and I find it late now to use Bootstrapping approach now, what shall I answer him or her??
Plz advice and help & Many thanks
"One of the major limitations (as critiqued by scholars) of Baron and Kenny’s mediation is the issue of normality of the indirect effect (the same is accused of Sobel test too) so it’s better to carry out bootstrap (which is a resampling technique with replacement) along with baron and Kenny, so that the results will get more credibility".
I have been in a Ph.D. defense where the examiner strongly objected this theory for Micro-explosion of emulsified fuels. Since then I am looking for answers. Please provide evidence to support "Micro-explosion Phenomenon for emulsified fuels".
Our educational institution - Department of Military Training of Odessa State Environmental University - is engaged in the field of military education for meteorologists to serve at the Hydrometeorological Service of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. Our Department belongs to Ministry of Defence of Ukraine.
Ukraine is adopting its military standards to existing NATO STANAGs (Standardization Agreements). In August 2017 Ministry of Defence of Ukraine had published its appropriate order (No. 450) that established the responsible structures and tasks for them concerning implementing basic NATO standards. Our Department was chosen responsible for standardization in the field of meteorological service.
We are highly interested in obtaining electronic copies of several standards: AD 80-34, AWP-4(B), AMETOCP-2, AMETOCP-3, STANAG 2507, STANAG 6013, STANAG 6014, STANAG 6015, STANAG 6022 (and other available "meteorological" STANAGs in action). That standards are not available on the site
FAQs for users at
contain the following message regarding STANAGs that are not published online:
Q. What do I do to get a copy of a Cover Document or Standard that is not available on the site? A. Find the contact for the responsible working group and request a copy (consider asking them to forward a copy to NSO as well).
Unfortunately, we could not find any information about contacts for Military Committee Working Group for Meteorology and Oceanography (MCWG (METOC)). Nonetheless, we have found the following information (published at
Col. Jan Círek has been Chief of Hydrometeorological Service of the Czech Armed Forces since 2012. He currently chairs to the NATO Military Committee Working Group for Meteorology and Oceanography. But this information can’t help us with the NATO "meteorological" STANAGs.
Could you be so kind and send us the following standards in the electronic form (which are unclassified):
AD 80-34, AWP-4(B), AMETOCP-2, AMETOCP-3, STANAG 2507, STANAG 6013, STANAG 6014, STANAG 6015, STANAG 6022?
I have been having trouble getting a published TET-OFF cell culture line to work. I have been finding that the treated and not-treated cells look pretty much the same.
It occurred to me that streptomycin has a somewhat similar mode of action to tetracycline so I was wondering if the penicillin-streptomycin I had added to my culture (for anti-bacterial defense) might be interfering with the experiment?
Upon challenge inoculation with Phytophthora capsici on Piper spp certain defense genes are induced and show a bi-modal pattern of gene expression in qPCR analysis.
Is this because Phytophthora capsici is a hemibiotrophic pathogen with both biotrophic and necrotophic stage in its life cycle or some other reason. Kindly provide any articles which supports this hypothesis.
Is this due to microRNA from the pathogen causing inhibition of defense genes?
I admit that I have been converting raw data into normal scores or normal quantiles for further analysis. There are many supporters of such a ranking methodology and there seem to exist many more statisticians or users of statistics who seem to be appalled by transforming data into ranks. What is really happening in a statistical analysis in which the raw data have been transformed into z scores? Is it valid? Is it defensible? Is it clearly incorrect? Are there superior methods for dealing with non-normal data?
What is your stand on it?
For a 30 minutes proposal defense, what are the most important points candidate needs to talk about or present to get good approval rating?
In my legal systems class we were discussing the insanity defense and I remembered reading something about a defense that hinges on "not being present" used in cases where people commit crimes while sleepwalking , or while so intensely dissociated that they don't even remember anything.
My teacher didn't know of any examples. I was wondering if anyone knew of any cases where this was used as the defense, either unsuccessfully or successfully.
I'm particularly looking for people who have experiences with the legal system, or with people with severe mental illness.
Hi, I am confused with using standard for my compound profile analysis. Im currently analysing termites defense fluid and focusing on fatty acid methyl ester and I have no data and previous study to confirm the defense fluid profiling for the species. I want to use standard from sigma-aldrich fatty acid methyl ester unsaturated for tlc and glc but im afraid that the defense fluid extract may contain saturated fatty acid. Is it ok to choose the standard? Im afraid that when im comparing my result and the standard peak will be different. Thank you.
Is there any suitable test to show relationships between an increase in defense gene expression and a decrease in plant disease? I have this data as well as enzyme data for plants treated with various compounds.