Questions related to Decentralization
In-line with the recent Teams outage, I believe more work has to be done in the area of decentralised communicaiton. Business can't afford dependency on a single tool/product and decentralisation is key to ensure no damage is made in case of future outage of any key product/tool. If you're carry out research that tackle this issue, please share your thoughts here
What do you think are the major blockchain research topics for 2022? How will the technology evolve? Will the focus be on scalability, security, or decentralization? Which blockchain will solve the trilemma best? Which applications will enable major breakthroughs? How will established industry players and governments react? How will tokenization (and especially NFTs) further evolve?
Its role and implication to the economy with particular interest in mini-grid,
The role Renewable energy can play
There is no doubt that the future is moving towards decentralized systems. One of the popular decentralized systems is Blockchain technology . In this direction, how to store encrypted and critical data on IPFS? and how we can integrate IPFS with Blockchain platforms (Ethereum, Hyperledger Fabric, etc) to overcome the storage capacity?
Thanks in advance
In a large power system operating day-in-day-out owing to the variation of load, and under different contingencies in operation configuration of system in terms of generator and their connectivity to decentralized load may vary. After determining inertia at a particular bus through simulation or otherwise how can it be verified from online actual operation of power system?
I'm conducting a comparative study - by way of most similar systems design - between two countries on their decentralization implementation on a service delivery and attempting herein to understand why some states succeed while others fail in that. Though the literature review I've found three explanations that largely appear to explain for why some succeed or fail; elite capture, lack of a supportive and clear regulatory and legal framework; and central government intervention.
I have those explanations, but i am somewhat unclear on how to proceed with the theory - since I don't have any like e.g., realism. How would I go about writing a theoretical framework if I have some potential explanations but no clear theory to hang onto?
Please consider and discuss any or all of the following questions:
1. Can AI be used in Decentralized Autonomous Systems (DAO)? How?
2. Would the AI be a platform, a DAO member, manager of the DAO or have some other role?
3. What are the advantages and risks of using AI in a DAO?
NOTE: Please share any sources you may be aware of. Thanks for any contribution.
I am currently in the process of starting my planning for my research proposal. as this will be my first experience doing a dissertation I want to find possible research question that can fit well towards my data analysis stage. ideally something that can be easily measured during for quantitative analysis.
It would be really helpful to get some feedback.
COVID-19 has had a significant impact on the educational sector, resulting in a shift from face-to-face to a decentralized learning environment, creating a unique opportunity for network-based academic dishonesty. Prior research has shown that during the COVID-19 pandemic, students engaged in network-based academic dishonesty as a consequence of the breach of weak and legacy software programs that monitor network-based academic dishonesty.
Are the current mitigation techniques for preventing network-based academic dishonesty well-designed? What are your thoughts on the matter?
What machine learning or AI techniques can be used to detect and mask sensitive information in a semi-structured or unstructured dataset.
Currently I am able to achieve any desired formation through MATLAB programming without the use of quadrotor dynamics, but I am stuck that how can I implement the tracking control of swarm through any controller. How should I proceed?
I'm going to write a review article on the use of decentralized autonomous organizations(DAO). Can any of my friends help me with this?
This is a general question encountered during research work. You all are requested to provide your views/comments.
I want to build Decentralized application .
What is the best platform that supports the creation of dapps and is free and easy to use, and what do I need programming languages?
And if someone can tell the basic steps that I need to start with, I hope
On three accounts, the rapid growth in cryptocurrency is comparable to a ponzi scheme. People invest into these because they expect good returns. There is no identified source of generating revenue on the investment. A Ponzi scheme is an investment fraud that pays existing investors with funds collected from new investors. The Ponzi scheme organizers often promise to invest your money and generate high returns with little or no risk. ... Instead, they use it to pay those who invested earlier and may keep some for themselves.
Cryptocurrencies are essentially digital currencies that are not issued by any central authority and depend on the users of the currency for their validation. The validation is recorded on the Blockchain which is there for everyone to see. Since the currency is decentralized, there is no geopolitics involved. Since the transactions are publicly available, implementing counterfeit transactions is extremely difficult. Since the entire system is encrypted using cryptographic protocols, the transactions are secure. Most importantly, they are easily convertible into USD at the moment. Most “serious” cryptocurrencies, like Bitcoin, are limited in number protecting against inflation. Cryptocurrencies have been the darling of fin-tech observers since 2013 and we are presently in the midst of a cryptocurrency bubble with prices of every kind of cryptocurrency shooting through the roof.
I am looking for recommendation of book/chapter/scientific papers explicitly concerned with the event identification and mitigation in power systems. The decentralized control is a plus but will be looking forward for a event observations in distributed systems. Any discussion/sharing of scientific content is appreciated.
Indian Govt. is planning to introduce regulated crypto-currency. Does it not violate the real essence of cryptocurrency which itself is decentalized?
Crypto-currecy in real sense is decentralized which means that there is no regulatory body who governs the entire system. Does " Regulated crypto-currency" doesn't violate this structure.
According to the latest information, the number of already connected devices on the planet reaches 9 billion, which are located around the world, it is also necessary to take into account the support of all types of languages and the decentralization of registration systems for digital objects on the Internet, in order to provide a decentralized management system for digital objects. In this regard, one of the most important problems is the choice of an identification system for all IOT devices connected to the Internet.
Decentralized finance (DeFi) is growing very fast. The user of DeFi also booting. do we have a way to capture the utilities from participating DeFi activities? examples of DeFi activities include holing governmental tokens, staking cryptocurrencies, lending and borrowing, etc.
Ethereum Blockchain is a deterministic Turing machine, meaning there is no randomness involved. If there was a random opcode in place, all miners would obtain different results and the network would be unable to reach a consensus.
There are currently several approaches for generating random numbers:
- Use an external service through Oraclize: The problem here is that the service is centralized. Therefore, we have to trust the server (random.org, Wolfram Alpha, etc...) generating random numbers.
- RANDAO: A DAO working as RNG. The problem here is mainly with the speed of obtaining the random number, and the transaction fees.
- Use Blockhash: The problem with this approach is that miners can cheat and influence the value.
What is the best way to generate random numbers on-chain? It would be ideal if we can assign each listed approach to potential decentralized applications.
Decentralize finance or Defi is growing fastly, some think it is the future of finance, Defi provides individuals with lots of financial services, i.e. loans, investments, options, assets management, etc. while critics believe that Defi is full of risk, it can't shock financial institutions.
what are the local government reforms in Zimbabwe since 1980 to date
I will be grateful for your answers. Or if you have any suggestions in the field of finance, banking.
Historically, the American federalism has centralized. However, the public agenda has zigzagged from centralization to decentralization creating political changes. But, what about rural America?
In the disaster management literature, it is suggested that there is a relationship between disaster-related deaths and the democracy level of countries. According to this view, disaster-related deaths decrease as the level of democracy increases. But COVID-19 contradicts this view. Although the crisis is first seen in countries with low democracy level such as China and Iran, it affects European countries with high democracy level. What do you think about this?
The essence of this question is to ascertain if Smart Contract with its Decentralized Transaction Protocols can be applied in Project Management. And if yes, which area of project management will it be applied for efficient project delivery?.
Another basis for the question is the growing concern of the importance of Smart Contract as an easy and security proof transaction platform that removes third party interference.
Which is the better in the issue of agricultural development ... is the planning will be centralized or decentralized?
Many industrialized countries have sought to develop a framework of opportunities and various resources, organized to cause catalysts of economic forces. In countries where this establishment has not done, what is happening?
Democracy and decentralisation is meaningless without the active participation of the people in decision and policy making process. Therefore, how one can measure the level of people's participation? What are the major attributes to identify and investigate citizen participation in decentralization process?
I think it is essential that students participate in the evaluation process, using self-evaluation and peer evaluation, as a strategy to become more aware of their responsibility as active subjects of their own learning. This construction as conscious subjects can serve as the basis for the continuous training that they will have throughout their lives, since they can learn to depend more on themselves than on others, allowing greater levels of autonomy. On the other hand, self-evaluation and peer evaluation contribute to decentralize the evaluative power that is in the hands of teachers. If asymmetry is not possible to lose in the formal education framework, given that the teacher is responsible for certifying learning, it can enable the participation of students and collaboration among them, experiences that will surely be very useful for them. in their future citizen participation in the society to which they belong.
As much as I read about decentralized and distributed networks, it becomes more and more difficult to make a clear cut distinction between the two. Kindly, help by providing a clear distinction between decentralized and distributed networks.
is it enough by clicking statistics --> frontier model --> then filling the variables in model 1 and model 2 (inefficiency model)?
Anyway, Im trying to evaluate the efficiency of fiscal decentralization in 2010 to 2016. I found a research paper about SFA using stata, but it is a little bit confusing for me since im trying the commands but my result is not good. There are a lot of models like fels, fecs, true fixed effect, true random effect, etc. And actually I still dont understand the concept of each model.
thank you for anyone who are willing to enlighten me
Rural development, Urban Development, Rural-urvan partnership, Sustainable development, Federal Nepal.
I have an idea of production distribution planning in centralized and decentralized multi period supply chain planning considering time value of money ? Is there any previous papers on this work. I require them for literature work.
Hello everyone :)
I have a problem that I really can’t figure out about marginal stability. It is as follow:
Consider a group of n agents (can be whatever: spacecraft, ship, robots) decentralised (without a leader). Each agent follow the next agent, so agent 1 follows agent 2, agent 2 follows agent 3, … and agent n follows agent 1, according to the following law
dot_xi = ui
ui = A xi
The matrix A is of size 2n x 2n, and has two conjugate poles on the imaginary axis, which make my system marginally stable. So it means that if there is ant disturbances, those poles go either to LHP or to RHP, and I want neither.
The question is simple:
If there are disturbances, do you know any method that could make my poles “stay” on the imaginary axis, or make them move along the imaginary axis ?
I’m really struggling, and honestly any help is more than welcome !
Thanks in advance
access to credit has been understood as a requirement for poor people to start a new job and take themselves out of poverty. But usually they do not have access to bank loans and deprived from society. Blochchain is a distributed and decentralized technology which reduce the role of banks and other financial intermediaries in credit allocation. The question is about pros and cons of Blochchain technology in facilitating financial inclusion.
With globalization, supply chain has extended its each beyond any boundaries. However, it is important to point out and analyse the trade-off between economic gain vs environmental ans social compromises.
I am looking for literature specifically focusing on comparing regional/centralized stormwater attenuation with site/development/decentralized stormwater attenuation. Please let me know if you know of any recent (or old) studies
For example, Energy Web Foundation’s (EWF) energy- sector promotes the use of blockchain in energy management. Like Bitcoin, the EWF blockchain is a distributed ledger, upon which users can code applications that run on top of it.
I want to make a decentralized cloud-oriented storage architecture for large scale data. Any one suggest me which algorithms will helpful.
How can we measure the openness of fiscal decentralization in the country through the empirical analysis and which model is most reliable for results?
I am working on a three level supplier, manufacturer and retailer game. In a decentralized channel, I used backward induction method to get the optimal values. But is it possible that the supplier optimal profit values in Negative?
Please guide me or suggest me an article for my understanding.
Thank you in advance.
I am looking to measure department decentralization i..e. degree to which departmental activities are carried out by offices other than the corporate office. These subsidiary offices can be in other countries as well. I am not able to find a suitable measure for this. The centralization scales in management focus on the centralization of decision making instead. Has anyone previously developed such a measure that I can adapt for my purpose. Please let me know.
Hi. My research topic is Centralisation versus decentralisation of HR practices. Independent variable of my research question is the level of centralisation and dependent is recruitment and selection of state employees. I am thinking in how to measure the independent variable (level of centralisation). Any ideas?
Hello Everyone, I need your kind guidance specifically for the managerial insights. I am working on the decision making model of manufacturer and retailer. I already found the optimal values in centralized and decentralized channel. However, as a fresh PhD scholar, I am unable to find the useful managerial insights out of my work.
Can you please guide or recommend me some studies for managerial insights understanding?
Thank you in advance.
These tokenized ticketing platforms underpinned by blockchain would ensure anonymity, privacy and security. For instance, could protest movements be organised to evade oppression?
I use the fuzzy set QCA to examine the relationship between decentralization, national contextual factors(such as government capacity, economical development), and environmental policy performance. one of anonymous reviewer comments my manuscript as follows:
I do not think that the authors are able to identify any causality effect with this kind analysis(i.e. fsQCA). Governments are able to develop environmental regulation and taxes, but environmental outcome depends on other kind of external factors that are not included in the analysis and are very difficult to observe (social preferences, elasticities, etc.). I strongly recommend removing this idea from the manuscript (which is the core issue). No causality effect could be detected so the analysis should be reoriented.
In fact, this is not the first time that I hear these suspicious voices about QCA. I sincerely hope that QCA users can have a discussion about this topic and give me some suggestions to answer reviewer's question.
I just wanted to mention that perhaps there is a need to consider how technology might be used to reduce the dependence on central authority. It may be useful to consider modern technological forms of decentralized cooperation such as mesh networks and block chain for financial transactions.
According to Braun et al.,( 2006 )Negotiation theory is a decentralized decision-making process that seeks to find an agreement that will satisfy the requirements of two or more parties in the presence of limited common knowledge and conflicting preferences. Negotiation participants are agents who negotiate on their own behalf or represent the interests of their principals. Negotiation is a pervasive feature of relationships among tax preparers ( internal and external ), clients( the taxpayer) and the tax authorities. However, during the negotiation, the negotiators will have to forecast the outcomes and will have expectations of the outcomes based on their own probabilistic estimates.
Thank you in advance
Can we imagine a world without iTunes and Spotify where the ownership of a song is transferred directly from the musicians to the fans? Is Blockchain the "legal revenge" of the #Napster's decentralized system (peer to peer) of music distribution that was introduced many years ago?
I would like to develop a model/framework for a decentralized student support service - any idea ?
Evolution of electric energy sources, evolution of DSOs, RES in role of main energy sources for small and medium consumers, advances in AI and crypto Currencies, liberalization of market. All these features make energy trading business harder and with much guaranteed flexibility not easily achieved at same scale and same cost everywhere and anytime. Modelling energy market as CryptoCurrency market could make this goals possible.
we are looking like minded people/organisation working on the issue to strengthen decentralize primary health care delivery in rural India
Decentralized and people-oriented decision making are increasingly gaining importance in terms of policy support and field practices in India. Much is talked and written about the techniques and approaches one can adopt to have a more efficient and effective plan in place that is socially acceptable to the beneficiaries. The experiences and studies on the implementation part, however, remains largely unclear, at least in terms of published literature. While it is evident that there is reluctance and resistance at various levels of plan execution, I have so far found very limited material on the roles and responsibilities of various stakeholders involved in the community participation process.
Is anyone aware of a comprehensive LCA-Study, comparing the different systems of providing electricity to end users? I'm particularly interested in the comparison of the following two systems:
Firstly, a photovoltaics (PV)-systems with (and without) a battery, which is designed in such a way, that most of the PV-power is consumed locally (e.g. making use of demand side control, intra-day storage in the battery, combining various households). This currently is promoted within Switzerland.
Secondly, a system drawing much more on the electric grid, which would require to strengthen the electric grid to integrate a higher share of renewable energy coming from centralized and decentralized PV and Wind power plants.
Any hints to recent studies, particularly ones that include some technology forecast are highly welcome.
Organisations are known to vacillate between centralised and decentralised organization structures. Boumgarden et. al. (2012) theorise this and give one such example with organisation structure in HP. Are there other similar research papers on vacillation and examples?
I know there are papers that suggest such vacillation so that firms can alternatively explore and exploit. But Boumgarden seems to suggest a change of structure that is not directly linked to a change of strategy. Are there other older or newer papers that describe this?
The contradiction between supply and demand of parking is apparent in the downtown areas of metropolitan around the world. One of the most important reasons is that not all kinds of parking resources within the region have been applied fully. With the advent of shared economy, I wonder how can we tackle this thorny problem of parking by sharing the private parking lots. Are there some relevant research or materials of it? Thanks for your reply!
I'm looking to establish a linkage between decentralization and school performance. In doing so, I would like to understand how Urban Local Bodies that are mandated to look at matters of education delivery (12th Schedule), interact with the Education officers (Cluster, Block level) and how the hierarchy is designed.
Revolutions are events of political unrest and rapid transformations. I am looking for specific cases where political and social demands have been manifested in a grassroots changes in urban policy.
e.g. restructuring a national housing program or decentralization of urban governance.
Activated sludge and aerobic process have been widely applied for municipal/domestic wastewater treatment at city-level but there is little possibility of resource recovery in these plants. With new systems like UASB, AD, Algal systems, struvite crystallization etc., nutrients and organic matter can be integrated with wastewater treatment plants. But are there already existing big scale installations/case studies incorporating these?
How realistic is it in terms of control, if we agree that technology hyperenvironments surround and sustain strategic direction?
See image below.
I read about organicity as the desirable structure of entrepreneurial firms, I found Miller (1983) when he originally described organic firms as those that have: integration, communication, decentralisation, loose of control, technoratization, etc. While, Urban 2011 perceived organicity as: "a proclivity toward such qualities as decentralized decision making, low formality, wide spans of control, expertise- (vs. position)-based power, process flexibility, free flowing information networks, and loose adherence to rules and policies". Noting that I don't have access to the measurement scale that Urban 2011 used.
I'm going to write a paper on the extent to which different countries choose to decentralize their Police administrations, with a view to finding out possible connections with fiscal decentralization rates and institutional background.
I am particularly interested in comparative analyses on international scale.
There is a common prejudice that decentralisation is a good thing; however, I doubt this is always the case and am curious about deeper analyses.
There are such contradictions in public administration, as between public and private interests, between centre and periphery, between centralization and decentralization, between administrative law and new public management, contradictions as national contradictions, etc. Could You mention some more?
How can the different levels of political decentralization among provinces in Indonesia be measured? Do all provinces have the same level of political decentralization, since all provinces have the same number of government tiers?