Science topic

Cybernetics - Science topic

That branch of learning which brings together theories and studies on communication and control in living organisms and machines.
Questions related to Cybernetics
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I'm introducing IA for students during a conference. My practice is more focused on the industrial side. But people asked me to integrate some medical insight.
I decide to integrate the manner to create the body numerical twin. But I have no experience about it. My first question was, how to model it. And I would like to know how people are roughly proceedings:
- are they trying to model a body in a globality, like if it was possible to put it in equations,
- or is it more a cybernetic approach, which implies to model each organ, then managing relationship between them?
Thanks for your highlights
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Dear Gilles
Maybe I can contribute to your question. As my response to this is a bit longer please contact me under beat.hofer2@student.uantwerpen.be. Beat
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Righteousness and Justice are common buzzwords often used interchangeably that we use in the present data-driven world and without knowing what exactly it mean. The current world has Courts of Justice as part of the legal system. As many or most use the said terms inappropriately and in a meaningless way, and being even the most bright scholars and pundits have only vague ideas about it, let us have a discussion about "What is Righteousness? and how it differ from Justice?", to bring out the real meaning of "Righteousness" and to bring about a righteous society.
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Law is a set of legal rules that regulate the life of society
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Will it be possible to build an artificial consciousness similar to human consciousness in digitized structures of artificial intelligence if in specific structures of artificial intelligence will digitally reproduce the artificial structures of neurons and the entire central nervous system of humans?
If artificial intelligence that mapped human neurons was built, then it would be a very advanced artificial intelligence. If artificial intelligence was built in such a way that all human neurons would be reconstructed in digital technology, it would mean the possibility of building cybernetic structures capable of collecting and processing data in a much larger database capacity than at present. However, if it would only be the reproduction of simple neural structures and their reproduction to the number of neurons contained in the human organism, then only or mainly quantitative and not necessarily qualitative factors that characterize the collection and processing of data in the human brain would be achieved. Without achieving all of the qualitative variables typical of the human nervous system in a cybernetic counterpart, it might be doubtful to create in this cybernetic structure an artificial nervous system of cybernetic consciousness which is the equivalent of human consciousness.
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
In the context of the above issues, I am asking you the following question:
Will it be possible to build an artificial consciousness similar to human consciousness in digitized structures of artificial intelligence if in specific structures of artificial intelligence will digitally reproduce the artificial structures of neurons and the entire central nervous system of humans?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Dear Gerard van Reekum,
Yes of course. As of today, it is not possible to be sure of the implementation of a specific scenario of future developments, including the development of artificial intelligence technologies. However, in our discussion, we try to consider the most likely scenarios for future developments.
Thank you, Regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Will artificial neural structures become such advanced artificial intelligence that artificial consciousness will arise? Theoretically, such projects can be considered, but to really verify this, artificial neural structures should be created. From research on the human brain, it appears that this is a very complex and yet not fully understood neural structure. The brain has various centers, areas that manage the functioning of specific organs and processes of the human body. In addition, Sylvia is also complex and consists of elements of emotional, abstract, creative, etc. intelligence that also function in separate sectors of the human brain.
In view of the above, does research on the human brain and progress in the construction of ever more complex structures of artificial intelligence lead to synergy in the development of these fields of science? Will the development of these fields of science lead to the integration of research into the analysis of human brain activity and the construction of more and more complex structures of artificial intelligence equipped with elements of emotional, creative intelligence, etc.?
Besides, does the improvement of artificial intelligence lead to the emergence of artificial emotional intelligence and, consequently, to autonomous robots that will be sensitive to specific changes in environmental factors, factors of the surrounding environment? Will specific changes in the surrounding environment trigger programmed reactions of advanced artificial emotional intelligence, ie activation of pre-programmed algorithms of implemented activities and learning processes as part of improving the learning processes of machines.
Therefore, another important question arises in this area:
Is it possible to create an artificial consciousness that will function with the structure of an artificial electronic neural network built in such a way as to reflect the structure of the human brain? In this way, the structure of advanced artificial intelligence will be able to improve on the basis of acquired knowledge eg from external internet databases?
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
In the context of the above issues, I am asking you the following question:
Will it be possible to build artificial emotional intelligence?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Dear Baydaa A. Hassan,
I also wish you good luck and invite you to our discussion.
Thank you, Regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Actually I'm finishing my introduction to the Special Issue of AI & Society called Cybernetics in Latinamerica. Contexts, Developments, Perceptions and Impacts. In writing the introduction for that special issue, two questions emerged:
VSM model was used by several governments in the latin America region, but I have never found out if the VSM has been used by Japanese, Chinese, Canadian, United States or and European governments. Is that true? Can someone help me with that question or give a critical opinion about it.
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Did you see this? Maybe interesting platform to present your work: https://www.4sonline.org/127-multiplying-cybernetics/ I think you could still get in touch, the panel submission is somewhen in the near future... Happy weekend, Barbara
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First and second order cybernetics are now well known, but how we should define third order cybernetics
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Many theorists invoke a third (or higher) order cybernetics and do say in a variety of ways. Of this possibility, although it may be done, von Foerster states, “It would not create anything new, because by ascending into ‘second-order’, as Aristotle would say, one has stepped into the circle that closes upon itself. One has stepped into the domain of concepts that apply to themselves” (von Foerster, 2003, p. 301).
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I am writing a research paper on how computers have been used in the body and how they may be used in the future. What examples, opinions, or ideas do you have on this topic? Should I broaden my paper to talk about the use of technology with the body in general?
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Following
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I have been working on hybrid methods of Invasive weed optimization. Based on these hybrid methods I have published three articles in Soft Computing, IEEE Trans. on System, Man, and Cybernetics: Systems and Applied Intelligence. One is under review in Applied Soft Computing. Please let me know how to approach Professors who are working in Soft Computing.
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You have a good CV. I recomend to see in the job section of researchgate. There, it is frequently offered posodc positions.
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The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) defines the fundamental of cloud computing as a concept for delivering a shared pool of configurable computing resources, which can be provisioned and released with minimum management effort and service provider interaction. Also, it enables convenient, on-demand network access to these resources. Multi-cloud environment is the combination of multiple public clouds and private clouds.
Papers:
Mell P, Grance T (2013) The NIST Definition of Cloud computing (v15). Tech. Rep, National Institute of Standards and Technology, vol 15, pp 1-3pp.
Leila M, Abdelhafid Z, Mahieddine D (2018) A New Framework of Authentication Over Cloud Computing. In Cybernetics Approaches in Intelligent Systems. CoMeSySo 2017. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, Cham Springer. vol 661, pp 46-52
Oussama, A, Zitouni, A (2018) A Multi-Agent Security framework for Cloud Data. the 6th computer conference ICAASE 2018. University Constantine 2. Algéria.
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take a look at this link
Security Issues and Future Challenges of Cloud Service Authentication
Traduire cette pagede SY Lim - ‎2017 - ‎Cité 6 fois - ‎Autres articlesThe cloud environment being distributed, in nature, is facing challenges in managing ... AaaS is thenew form of user authentication that cloud users should embrace ... provided by a cloud providerin terms of security controls, privacy impact, .... must function properly in order to maintain dataconfidentiality and integrity. In.
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One of the threat to humanity is THE emergence intelligent machines. When AI gets full control and when sky-net comes to exist....might be already there, ....the plan is to enslave humanity rather than making things easy for him. I know, soon the robots replace many employees and do many complicated jobs including industry works, medical works (complicated surgery, scanning etc), cooking, nuclear and other energy sector operations, care works for child and elderly etc.
Machines are smart and fast; they don't get tired, they don't do random (ie they are error free). They are very adaptive, capable of evolving abruptly and are self aware. Machines spy on humans 24/7, on every little corner of the earth due to the emergence of 5G which gives them this ability, the ability to track and identify everyone for every space-time on the glob with their direct satellite connection...and this means the end of human privacy. I have no idea what the fate of human being will be in such times.
Making human half machine half human (cyborg), a bio-mechanical being is one application of this field to create superhuman soldiers. Many countries including Russia, US, china, UK are using such technology side by side with their genetic engineering research to strengthen their military. They are always up to humanity, to destroy the human race from the face of the earth in every way possible.
5G is a key together with AI for all these to succeed. 5G towers are already in place to begin work in US and UK (some are already in operation). 5G has a data speed of 100 times that of the 4G network system and the towers should be installed very near to the client residents as it work in very short distance point to point communication. It uses very short wavelength or very high frequency which obviously expected to cause caner and other serious side effects on any living cell due to its high frequency microwave radiation. I know many people are not aware of the downside of such technology and the potential damage it might cause. It is my belief that 5G radiation is responsibly the cause for the massive death of birds and other animals near to such towers in US. The towers look like this, you might find one of these on your building or neighborhood.
I would like to know what you think about 5G network and the technology related with it.
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I rally liked your description of the expected disastrous effects of 5G, and I asked Dr. Ted Rappaport (one of pioneering professors from the NYU in the field of mmWave and 5G) about the health effects resulted from using such frequencies and he mentioned that he did this research on that topic before beginning his experiments on the mmWave channel measurements few years ago:
It is obvious that using these frequencies (i.e. mmWaves) is far from ionization that causes health issues for humans if they are used in the right way and according to federal regulations.
Best Regards.
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Do you know some good papers/thesis with experiments of neural network applications. The area (image/speech recognition/weather forecast/etc.) is not important, but which are good (or outstanding in your opinion) in terms of:
  • How the design/experiment is described (reproducible);
  • Execution / implementation;
  • Analyses of results (used metrics etc.);
  • Threats to validity / discussion
I am also interested to hear about some papers which are (in your opinion) only good in a particular area (e.g. the analysis) but weak in other areas.
I see a lot of NN papers which are weak (e.g. not really reproducible, small dataset, analysis on only error rate and that is it).
Do you know some papers about (reporting/design) guidelines for NN-experiments? I found e.g.:
Zhang, G. Peter. "Avoiding pitfalls in neural network research." Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part C: Applications and Reviews, IEEE Transactions on 37.1 (2007): 3-16.
Background is that I want to avoid to trap into most common issues for my thesis or at least mention it if I cannot solve it given time constraints (etc).
Thanks
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agree with @Andrew Ekstrom
regards
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Looking for relevant literature, interested scholars and institutional help and grant.
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Thanks, I appreciate
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As far as I know hybrots have been used only in research environment for the purposes of studying neural activity. Are there any already existing practical applications that utilize natural intelligence in some way? Or is someone currently working on that?
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Hi, dear professor Swapan Kumar Parui,
We present the research laboratory of the Computer Science and Cybernetics Faculty at the Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraina.
 We have expertise in designing online handwriting recognition text and images for mobile devices. http://mi.unicyb.kiev.ua/?page_id=444&lang=en.  We are interested in your research. We would like to cooperate with you in a joint project. If it is interesting to you, connect with us, please. If necessary, we can send more detailed information about our research activities.
Best regards,
Dr. of P.-M. S., Professor,
Faculty of Computer Science and Cybernetics ,
Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
T:+3802590427, +380679002449
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We thought you looking for partners for your project. Because, our experience overlaps with the topic of your project, we hoped for cooperation. But, if you are not interested in our cooperation, then we reject our offer.
Best regards.
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1. Why a negative frame of mind is prevalent among the most thesis examiners and editors of the top journals in the field of Humanities and Social Sciences about qualitative study? 
2. Why a bunch of pseudo academicians will navigate the ideas of qualitative inquiry and decide the whole community of qualitative researchers in the name of some vague terms, e.g. numbers, quantifiable data, or statistical analysis? 
3. Why qualitative researchers need to express their views about generalization time and again where there is no more any idea left called "generalization" in the postmodern world? 
4. Why only qualitative researchers have to prove themselves immune of manipulating and of data and establish the reliability,  whereas, manipulation of quantitative data is much easier operation to conduct?
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Dear Mohammad
I went through this "why should we believe you" debate numerous times.
Short answer is social life is too complex and cannot be reduced to quantifications. Limited generalisation from qualitative research is possible and that is why the details are so important.
A good qualitative approach with bias being addressed (it arguably starts when you choose a topic) can discover a wider range of social life because it focusses on the invisible and non-measurable interactions.
The reasoning for this, possibly, is the horizon of some people. They mistake social research as an exact science (like biology, physics etc) which it is not. It is easier for some people to receive the answer "4" instead of a long interpretation and description.
Kind Regards
Roland
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I want to study the progression of various cyber threats in a cyber physical systems.
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Great !
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Has there been any sociological or anthropological study of cyber-families, cyber-neighbourhoods, etc?
Any reference material would be of great help.
Kebede
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There is a book that can be useful
Rainie, L. y Wellman, B. (2012). Networked. Massachusetts: The MIT Press.
You can see it in google books
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Cybersemiotics = Second Order Cybernetics + Peircean Semiotics
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Very interesting Gilfranco! I remember an example given in at Cyprus' conference under the auspices of SSA when an author commented the image of huge buildings reflected by the cars' windows. Also, the sensation of collapsing them over you when you are sitting on a bench looking up, or paintings ON the streets (illusions).
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Dear all,
I've developed an article concerning a cybernetic ontology and try to bring this article on a higher level. I’m looking for support with co-authoring and publishing this article. Who can help me with review, constructive comments and additional content?
Topics:
- Cybernetic ontology
- Project management
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Dear Prof. Stumpe,
I am working on the issues of leadership in complex organizations and operationalization of interaction dynamics in open systems from the cybernetic perspective. I am courious, how do you define the "cybernetic ontology" concept, and how it relates to the idea of a "system" at such.
Your idea is very interesting to me. I will be glad to contribute, comment, or only read when the article is ready.
Best regards,
Krzysztof Kasianiuk
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I work in Organisational Development using a mix of systemic and dialogical principles and want to bring some rigour (and imagination) into my use of the ideas of Gregory Bateson and wondered whether anyone had attempted to develop a methodology that built on the various ideas Gregory had about systems and cybernetics, aesthetics, grace, tight and loose thinking, etc?
Thanks,
Gareth
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Bateson's own methodology was eclectic especially in his anthropological work. What is it that particularly appeals to you about his thinking and why? Bateson can be seen as one source of  "strategy without design" thinking so maybe an improvised and responsive methodology is implied...
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Theoretically cybernetics can be applied to all existing theories of aging.
However, I have not been able to find any research where a model of socio cybernetics has been applied to the evaluation of any intervention/observational research on healthy aging.
I would appreciate your suggestions. with thanks, chariklia
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i WOULD  like to thank each one of you for making the effort to answer my query. 
I have a lot of homework to do. Please if you are interested in pursuing a collaborate review of this topic, I welcome further discourse. With thanks, chariklia
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How do you as a supervisor. therapist or supervisee relate to work on professional-personal connections? If you have done such work have you found it useful?
The process of supervision is recognized as crucial and formative in establishing  therapeutic competency (Gilbert & Evans, 2000). Link between therapists' (and supervisors’) personal and professional growth is a critical, yet often overlooked, underestimated and rarely explored factor in supervision (Heid, 1997).
Competence in using one's self is directly linked to a therapist’s (and supervisor's ) maturity and differentiation from their family of origin (Titelman, 1987). Marovic & Snyders (2010) advocate work on professional-personal connections and point out that achieving greater levels of maturity and differentiation of the personal self from the family of origin would lead to a more mature and competent use of self in therapeutic and supervisory relationships. Hence, exploring professional-personal connections in supervision is vital for professional competence.
Gilbert, M. C., & Evans, K. (2000). Psychotherapy supervision. An integrative relational approach to psychotherapy supervision. Buckingham: Open University
Press.
Heid, L. (1997). Supervisor development across the professional lifespan. The Clinical Supervisor, 16(2), 139–152.
Marovic, S. & Snyders, F. (2010). Cybernetics of Supervision: A Developmental Perspective. The Clinical Supervisor, 29:35–50.
Titelman, P. (1987). The Therapist's Own Family. In Titelman, P. (Eds.) The Therapist's Own Family: Toward Differentiation of Self ( pp. 3-41). Jason Aronson Inc.
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Hello Zana,
In my opinion, you are presenting a key issue for doing professional human service delivery, and to the contribution of supervision to enhance the professional competence. The need to further integration of the personal aspects and the professional demands for good professional work with the help of supervision is elaborated in my article you can find at Research Gate: (https://www.researchgate.net/publication/260405091_Supervision._A_necessary_contribution_to_the_quality_of_professional_performance_illustrated_by_the_concept_of_supervision_used_in_the_Netherlands).
I hope it will be helpful. There you can also find some articles I published  with D. Haan in The Clinical Supervisor.
Good Luck, Louis van Kessel
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The Law of Requisite Variety define that only variety can destroy variety, likewise, KM imply that the Knowledge be dynamic inside the organization to respond the fast market changes. Nonaka propose this relation, but I would like to explore in deep. Some Ideas about the possible links?
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Dear Nestor,
arguing from a European perspective, there is a lot of literature arguing on organization / knowledge management from the constructivist perspective. This is indeed not "the" cybernetics perspective, but works of e.g. Niklas Luhmann and adopting researchers (e.G. Tore Bakken, Tor Hernes, Dennis Schoeneborn) maybe settled on a common ground.
One example:
Dennis Schoeneborn (explicitly on knowledge management)
A lot of further research is done in the context of the Montreal School and the CCO-Approach (communication constitutes organization). Representatives are: James R. Taylor, Robert D. McPhee, Pamela Zaug, Francios Cooren, Linda Putnam, Timothy Kuhn, Timothy Clark, Joeb Cornelissen, A.M.Nicotera, K.L. Ashcraft, Steffen Blaschke, Dennis Schoeneborn...
That might help you?
Best, Britta
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It seems that they both aim to reach an optimal state by controlling some variables.
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Thanks for the answers from Prof. Morton E. O'Kelly and Dr. Matthieu Vergne.
This question actually arises from the numerical direct methods for optimal control. In such type of approaches, the controller u(t) is usually discretized piecewise. Hence the optimal control problem is transcribed into the nonlinear programming problem. In such case, we can say the control problem turns into an optimization problem. On the other hand, numerical optimization problems, heuristic or not, is solved heavily based on the search operators the corresponding algorithms that use. This process can be imaged as the initial solution evolves itself to the optimal solution under the control of the search operator. Hence, the optimization problem can be in turn regarded as the optimal control problem with the only objective of minimal terminal time.
With the considerations above, I feel that optimization problem and optimal control problem are closely linked.
If this is true. For more general control problems, we always have some specifications for the system, and result in the errors between the desired output and actual output. If we regard the errors as the objectives to be minimized. It seems that the generic control problems looks quite like optimization problems somehow. 
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If energy is neither created nor destroyed, then how did energy come about in the first place? Energy perceived by consciousness is information. Consciousness is a form of energy that is self aware. There are states of consciousness that can include individual states to cosmic states of consciousness. Buddha becoming enlightened entered the cosmic state of consciousness which is the highest state where one becomes aware of the witness that does not change. Consciousness includes the mind and intelligence which is a projection from the physical brain, however, consciousness is not just a biological process as consciousness remains after the death of the physical brain. Personality is a attribute of consciousness that changes with time and experience. Emotions are attributes that that also change with time and experience. The core of consciousness (witness) remains the same.
Consciousness is software and the mind is an essential component of this software responsible for generating thoughts that are based on experience to evaluate the world around us. The brain is the hardware. The data (experiences) from the software is stored in the server (cloud) and when the hardware is faulty and breaks down, the experiences in the cloud remain. Consciousness does not die with the death of the physical body and energy is neither created nor destroyed, consciousness transforms.
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"Consciousness is software and the mind is an essential component of this software responsible for generating thoughts that are based on experience to evaluate the world around us. The brain is the hardware."
"Consciousness does not die with the death of the physical body and energy is neither created nor destroyed, consciousness transforms"
What I have seen on RG, more often than I would like, is people with expertise in one field talking about another in which they have little expertise, and feel justified to hold positions which are non-scientific. I find these two claims above to be of this class.
First, the mind/body = software/hardware equation, while it was the foundation of mid C20th functionalism, smacks of an unreconstructed Cartesianism and has been abandoned by most cognitive scientists and philosophers of mind. The Mind/body distinction is a belief with no evidence to support it.
Second, 'consciousness' assumes non-conscious processes, so the distinction is false.
Third, the immortality of consciousness is a religious postulate with no evidence to support it, just like the mind/body dualism.
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Two great mathematicians. Founder of the science of cybernetics Nobert Wiener.
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Dobrý den, Martin, Dobry den, World!
Nechci mluvit česky.
Ale učím rychle.
Jazyk a ideologie by neměly představovat překážku v komunikaci mezi vědci.
this translates as
I do not speak czech.
But I learn fast.
Language and ideology should not represent an obstacle in communication between scientists.
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Are we dealing an abstract and intangible thing in software science and engineering without any constitutional laws as a foundation?
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Interesting question indeed. Here is an interesting read.
Rombach D. Empirical software engineering models: Can they become the equivalent of physical laws in traditional engineering?. Int J Software Informatics, Vol.5, No.3 (2011): 525{534. http://www.ijsi.org/1673-7288/5/i94.htm
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In general, the term ‘complexity’ is used to characterize something with many parts in an intricate arrangement. In the context of CPSs, we can differentiate five types of complexities: (i) static complexity (the number and relationships of components that do not change with time), (ii) dynamic complexity (the number and relationships of components that change with time), (iii) self-organizing complexity (open systems reorganize themselves to different systems), (iv) evolving complexity (open systems evolve through time into different systems) and (v) co-evolving complexity (two-way interplay between the changing system and its environment). When all these types and forms of complexities are present, we talk about aggregative complexity.
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The word complexity - it has so many meaning try http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Complexity to start with. A good many years ago I tried to promote a somewhat simplistic view of complexity (within GEC) . I wanted to take the concept of granularity into account so I define a complexity caused by increasing size of a domain and also complexity caused by resolving (inner detail and finer interactions. ) One of the key observations was the complexity belongs to the domain of modelling. It happens when we try to build models. This suggests that complexity is a property of models not a property of observable reality. Remember all I understanding is based on various levels of modelling. That said, we can regard complexity as a consequence of using symbols, language, diagrams, data etc. This leads to a different view from those that use complexity defined in terms of time ( polynomial time etc)
I don' t have the academic clout to publish papers on this (although I am trying to write one now) . Mostly because I have had to go back to industry where priorities are very different. Besides the ideas above. The following additional ideas were included: concept of a complexity contour in a domain size versus resolution graph. The idea of the contours defining limits of both individual intelligence and coordinate (organised - group enterprises). A possible but rather elusive link with the strange empirical observations known by a distribution (ZIPFs law). And a way of thinking about the overheads in projects produced by organisations rather than individuals.
The terms Aggregation, association, resolution or granularity all play a part simply because of the nature of symbolic products (data, numbers, words etc) used in a simple model of complexity.
And there is one more vital ingredient: we live in a temporal universe but model using static forms. Thus the nature of data is spatial and representation of a time series becomes a sequence of samples. For me complexity is a spatial phenomenon
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I have selected a topic i.e Cybernetics protector for IBM's Contest, on Project i.e TGMC.
So, i want some information on it. And if possible, tell me on which area i can use this.
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I have understood the prjct about cybernetic protector system , it is for information sharing among the secret agency officials and government but i am not getting the word resource plz someone explain
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This srs should include information about cybernetics and its protection......
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Me too want send me too